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MARINE CORPS HISTORICAL LIBRARY 

HQMC BOOM 3127 



J4 . y. //ja-nne. Corps. 

Marine Corps 
Manual 



1926 



vsewpeb\ (HaSUsT 




Washington 

Government Printing Office 

1926 



8q^03-HMI^AM 

JAUMAM 



VI 






' 



SEP 2 5 3982 
6005 



MARINE CORPS MANUAL 



Headquarters U. S. Marine Corps, 

Washington, March 1, 1926. 
The accompanying Marine Corps Manual is for the instruction and 
guidance of the United States Marine Corps and supersedes the 
following publications : 
. Marine Corps Manual, 1921. 
14 Recruiting Instructions. 
15. System of Accountability. 

Instructions Governing Transportation of Troops and Supplies. 
Manual of Paymaster's Department. 

John A. Lejetjne, 
Major General Commandant. 
Approved : 

Curtis D. Wilbur, 

Secretary of the Navy. 
(v) 



WAM &IHCK) 3HIHAM 



VI 



LIST OF CHAPTERS 



1. General instructions. 

2. Entry into the service. 

3. Separation from the service. 

4. Transfers. 

5. Operations and training. 

G. Promotions and reductions. 

7. Discipline. 

8. Decorations, medals, and badges. 

9. Correspondence. 

10. Records and reports. 

11. Organization funds. 

12. Exchange regulations. 

13. Marine Corps Reserve. 

14. Subsistence. 

15. Clothing. 

16. Transportation. 

17. Public property. 

18. Supplies and services. 

19. Utilities. 

20. Animals, forage, and motor vehicles. 

21. Buildings, quarters, and furniture. 

22. Property accountability and responsibility. 

23. Public funds. 

24. Pay of officers. 

25. Pay of enlisted men. 

26. Allowances. 

27. Allotments. 

28. Miscellaneous pay provisions. 

29. Additional pay for aviation. 

30. Pay rolls. 

(in) 



CHANGES IN MARINE CORPS MANUAL NO. 1 



Headquarters Marine Corps, 

Washington, April i, 1927. 

The following changes in the Marine Corps Manual shall be made 
immediately upon receipt of this order. 

John A. Lejeune, 
Major General Commandant. 
Approved : 

Curtis D. Wilbur, 

Secretary of tlie Navy. 



Pen changes: 
1/1-8. Change caption of article to read " Photographs and Fingerprints." 
Change period to comma at end of sentence and add the following : 
" and will forward his fingerprint record on Form N. M. C. 330." 
1-21. Insert the words " Paymaster sergeants " after the words " Master 

technical sergeants." 
1-28. Strike out first four words of article and substitute the words " Pay- 
. master sergeants." 

1-35(3). Change the allowance of specialists, fourth class, at Marine Bar- 
racks, Norfolk, Va., from 2 to 2.5 per cent. 
1-35(5). In 7th line, strike out the words "duty as bandsmen," and substitute 

the words " band duty only." 
1-56. Insert the following under " Flags," " Recruiting, blue, bunting." 
/i-5&(l). Insert # the following words at the beginning of first sentence: 
" In time of war or national emergency, and at other times when 
directed by competent authority." 
^/ / 2-37(5). In 3d line strike out the words "and the recruiting bureau." 
//^2-46(l). in 1st line change the word "authorized" to "legal." 
/ 2-47(1). In 3d line, after the word "the," insert the words "Marine Corps." 
^2— 47(6). Strike out the last four words of sentence, and substitute the follow- 
ing words in quotation marks : " Enlisted for band duty only." 
1/2-50(1). In 2d line change the word "and" to "including." 
^/2-52 ( 8 ) . Add the following sentence to paragraph : 

" If he can not be properly fitted with shoes and clothing from 
stock, reject him." 
41694—27 (I) 



II 

]/ 2-56(8). Change the word " First " to "For" in subparagraphs (a) and (c). 

Change subparagraph (6) to read as follows: "Enlisted for band 

duty only." 
t/ 2-56 (12). In 8th line insert the word "all" before the word "time," and 

strike out the words " by unauthorized absence." 
1/2-57. Strike out paragraphs 12 and 13, and the number " 13 " in line one of 

paragraph 14. 
i/ 2-73(14). Strike out second sentence reading "Six copies of voucher for 

medical attendance will be prepared and forwarded to the Bureau 

of Medicine and Surgery, via the Quartermaster, Marine Corps, for 

payment." 
i/2-74(8). In lines 2 and 3 strike out the following words: "and the serial 

number of the good-conduct insignia, when such are delivered with 

discharge certificates,". 
%/ 3-21. In lines 5 and 6 strike out the words " in accordance with one of the 

following examples, as may be appropriate," and immediately below 

insert as a heading the word " Examples." 
/ 3-23 (3). In 2d line strike out the words "in all cases," and in sert the words 

" when appropriate." 
w/ 5-41(5). In 4th line, strike out the word "mortars." In next to last line of 

paragraph change the word " Stokes " to " trench." 
/5-42(l). In subparagraph (L), after the word "blue," insert the word 

" green." 
Add the following to paragraph : 
"(p) Identification tags. 
"(g) Gas mask." 
"(r) Steel helmet." 
\X 5-42(3). Strike out last four words of paragraph. 
1/5-42(6). In 2d and 3d lines, strike out the words "except that shelter halves 

will not be taken unless specifically directed." 
l/5-42(10). Change paragraph to read: "Each company will take its company 

typewriter and desk." 
l / / 6-l(6). On page 6-2 change subparagraph (e) to read as follows: "(e) 

Marksmanship: War Department Training Regulations Nos. 150-5, 

150-10, and 150-20." 
yf 6-1(6). On page 6-4 change subparagraph (;) to read as follows: " (j) Naval 

Ordnance: Naval Ordnance, United States Naval Academy 1925 

edition, articles 21-48, 118, 134-169, 350^367, 426-499, 506-559 (omit- 
ting turret-gun sights), 560-579 (omitting turret firing circuits and 

gas-expelling devices for turret guns), 617-722 and 812-816. 
/6-3(5). In 2d line strike out the words " the next." In 3d line, after the word 

" promotion," insert the words " to first lieutenant." 
yl-2. In 5th line, after the word " direct," change comma to period and strike 

out remainder of sentence. 



Ill 

S 8-9(1). Add the following sentence to paragraph : "An enlisted man dis- 
charged after not less than two years' service in his enlistment, 
to accept a warrant or commission, is eligible for a good-conduct 
medal." 

v 8-10 (4). In 4th line change the semicolon to a comma and correct the number 
"81" to "82." 

i/8-ll(ffg). Strike out last word of subparagraph and substitute the following: 
" November 25, 1924." 

^10-13(8). In line 1 change "Article 554, Navy Regulations," to "Navy De- 
partment G. O. No. 155, August 6, 1926." 
'ii In line 3 change "Art 554, N. R.," to " G. O. 155." 
^In lines 5, 6, 7, 9, and 10 change "Article 554, Navy Regulations" 
to "Navy Department G. O. No. 155." 

j/10-20(l). In line 1, after the word "report," insert the words "of detach- 
ment of officers and." 

r 10-20(2). Strike out subparagraphs (a) and (&). 

j/10-20(3). In 2d line strike out the words "the Paymaster." 

l/12-7(1). At the end of 6th line change the period to a comma and add the 

following words : " when Marine Corps officers are available." 
V 12-13(3). In 3d line, after the word "status," insert the words "and without 

funds." 
\s 14-13. In line 1, after the word " officer," insert the words " accountable for 
subsistence stores." In 2d line, after the word " officer," insert the 
words " under him." In same line strike out the words " the com- 
missary " and substitute the words " such stores." 

i/iA-23(l). In 2d line insert a comma after the word "market" and also after 
the word " required." 

1^24-29 (a). In line 1, after the word "the," insert the word "post." 

, 14-31. In last line change the word " previously " to " prior." 

I 14-61(3). In 2d line, after the word "Guard," insert the following: "officers 
and crews of vessels and light and depot keepers of the Lighthouse 
Service ". 

^14-63(1). Add the following to paragraph: "(See art. 22-45 as to charges for 
, overhead.)" 

• 14-81(3). In 2d line, strike out the words "render quarterly certificate of 
balances and." 
14-82(5). Strike out 4th line of paragraph. 

v^i4-82(8). In line 1 insert a comma after the word " ration." 
/14r-92(l). In 4th line change the word "construct" to "provide." 

!/15-9(6). In lines 5 and 9 change "article 554(2), Navy Regulations," to 
" G. O. 155, Navy Department,". 

i/l5-10(l). Strike out paragraph 1. 

j/15-ll(3). In 7th line change "article 554(2), Navy Regulations," to " G. O. 
155, Navy Department,". 

, 15-11(6). Under the heading "The debit items are" strike out "Time lost 
under article 554(2), Navy Regulations (show dates and number 
of days)." 



1/T7 



TV 

if 15-11 (8). In 2d line, strike out the clause "time lost under article 554(2), 

Navy Regulations,". 
i/ 15-12 (3). In 2d line, change the word "first" to "last" and strike out the 

word " succeeding." 
i/ 15-12(5). In 19th line, after the word "lost," insert the following: " nrior to 

May 17, 1926,". 
j/15-14(2). In 7th line, after the word "joins," insert the word "from." 

/In 12th line, change "article 554(2), Navy Regulations," to " G. 

O. 155, Navy Department,". 
^17-25(4). Strike out 3d line of paragraph. 

^17-64. In 8th line, after the word " Corps," insert the words "(except 
Navy Building guard)," in parentheses. 
/ 17-65. Add the following in parentheses at the end of article: "(See art. 
5-51)." 
V 1,7-98. In line 1 strike out the word " annual." 
v/17-97. Strike out entire article. 

r/^8-44. In 3d line change the word " Military " to "Audit." 

/ 18-73(5). Strike out last three words of paragraph and substitute the fol- 
lowing: "General Expenses, Marine Corps." 
*, 20-15(1). In 2d column of list of articles strike out the item reading as 

follows : " 1 pair spur straps, officer's, black." 
v^ 22-18. Strike out last sentence of article. 
^22-51. Insert at the beginning of article the heading " Disposal of funds." In 

subparagraph (6) strike out the heading "Disposal of funds." 
'22-55 (2). In 4th line change the word "Military" to "Audit." 
y/23-21. Strike out entire article. 
j/23-39. Strike out the 3d to 6th lines, inclusive, and substitute therefor the 

following: "promptly mutilate it, and issue therefor a check of a 

new number. (Treas. Dept. Cir. No. 8, Division of Bookkeeping and 

Warrants, fifth edition, January 30, 1926.)" 
^^23-40(1) . In 3d line strike out the second word "Accounting" and substitute 

, the words " Section, Audit." 

>/ 23-49(1). Strike out the last word in 7th line and substitute the words 

" Section, Audit." 
, 23-4Q (4). In 2d line change the word "liabilities" to "check." 
i. -^3-51 (7). In 7th line change last three words to read as follows: "(Check 

Section, Audit Division)." 
/ 23-83. In 2d line insert the word "an" before the word "appropriation." 
v^-85. In 4th line change word " Military " to "Audit." 
1/23-112. In 1st, 6th, 9th, and 15th lines change the word " Military " to 

"Audit." 
. 23-134. In 3d line change the word " Military " to " Claims." 
»/ 23-170(1). In lines 5 and 6 strike out the words "monthly statement of 

receipts and expenditures and the." In 7th line strike out the 

words " forwarded together." 



1^2- 



A 



l / / 23-170(2). In lines 4, 5, and 6 strike out the words "prepared on Form 
N. M. C. 590 and a statement of funds received from sales of 
clothing which were taken up on the account current but were 
not credited to an allotment." 

1/23-176. Strike out 7th line reading " Statement of receipts and expenditures 
(Form N. M. C. 590)" and "(N. M. C. 377ft)" in 12th line. 

i/23-187. In 3d line change the word " Military " to "Audit." 

1/123-188(4). In line 1 insert the word "vouchers" after the word "and." 

,/£3-195(l). Add the following sentence to paragraph 1: "There will be shown 
on the face of the form a summary of the appropriations covering 
the expenditures made in the account, giving the title, symbol 
number, and amount in each case." 

/23-224(l). In last line change the number "22" to "23." 

//24-4. In 1st line correct the word " way " to " war." 

^4-15(1). In 2d line change the word "Two" to "Three." 

| /^4-15(2). Add the following sentence to paragraph 2: "The triplicate will 
be retained by the pay officer taking up the account for his files." 

k/25-l(3). Under the "First grade" in table, add "Master technical sergeant" 
and " Paymaster sergeant." Under " Second grade " insert " Sup- 
ply sergeant " after " Gunnery sergeant." 
^/ 25-12. Strike out entire article. 

i/ 25-37 (5). In line 1, after first word, insert the words "or nonpayment." 
Change period to comma at end of paragraph and add the follow- 
ing : "or ' Payment of gratuity, act March 4, 1925, not directed.' " 
i/25-62(l). In the first, third, and fourth classifications of Navy mail clerks 
insert the words " detachments or " after the word " with." In 
the fifth classification of Navy mail clerks, after the word "ves- 
sels," insert the words " and at shore stations where allowed." 

^25-70(5). In second line change the date from "June 1, 1925," to "June 1, 
1923." 

i/25-105(20). Strike out entire paragraph. 

v /26-l(4). In last line change the word " Naval " to " Navy." 
j/26-44. In line 2 change comma to period after the second word " leave," and 
/ strike out remainder of article. t ^_^ y - /< r > /o * 

)/?6-48. Strike out entire article. ^^i£^r^^ t^ /x^-^r^ 2 f-% ' V s J 

/26-57. Strike out entire articler-"<2L 6 - *$ > fcj 

l/LQr-12. Change period to comma at end of article and add the following : "in 

accordance with the provisions of Standardized Government Travel 

Regulations, approved by the President, August 11, 1926." 

28-132. In 1st, 5th,*and 6th lines change " 1926 " to " 1927." In last line change 

" March 4, 1925," to " June 2, 1926." 

1/^28-140(5). In 1st and 2d lines change "Art. 554, Navy Regulations, 1920," to 

l/ "Navy Department General Order No. 155, August 6, 1926." 

* 28-146(4). In 2d line change " 1926 " to " 1927." 

/ 30-51 (c). In 2d line change "art. 554, N. R. 1920," to " N. D. G. O. No. 1§5, 
August 6, 1926." 



A 



VI 

^30-52 (c). In last two lines change "art. 554, N. R. 1920" to " G. O. 155." 

y30-52 (d). In 2d and 3d lines change "art. 554, N. R. 1920," to " G. O. 155." 

^30-52 (m). In 5th and 6th lines change "art. 554, N. R. 1920," to " G. O. 155." 
The following changes are made in the accompanying pages of the Marine 
Corps Manual. These pages will be inserted in their proper places : 

I^Arts. 1-10, 1-11, and 1-16. New articles inserted on pages l-4a to l-4c. 
^<&rt. 2^0. Paragraph (1) modified and reprinted on page 2-15. 

£<Art. 2-42. Article modified and reprinted on page 2-16. 

*<Art. 2-66. New paragraph (1) inserted on page 2-49. 

L-'Art. 2-67. Paragraphs (8), (9), and (10) modified and reprinted on page 2-51. 

*^Art. 2-73. Paragraph (11) modified and reprinted on page 2-56. 

L-Art. 2-76. Article modified and reprinted on page 2-60. 

i-<Art. 3-13. Article modified and reprinted on page 3-4. 

t^j^xt. 3-29. Paragraph (2) modified and reprinted on page 3-11. 

^Art. 3-51. New article inserted on page 3-12. 
-ix<&rt. 4-11. Paragraph (2) modified and reprinted on page 4-5. 

*^Art. 4-12. New paragraph (2) inserted on page 4r-6. 

t^Arta 4-21, 4-26, 4-27, and 4-31. New articles inserted on pages 4-6 and 4-7. 

i^-Art. 5-8. New article inserted on pages 5-6a and 5-6b. 

*-<Art. 5-11. Paragraph (1) modified and reprinted on page 5-6c. 

i/Arts. 5-46, 5-51, and 5-56. New articles inserted on pages 5-21 to 5-26. 

L--Art. 6-22. Paragraph (3) modified and reprinted on page 6-9. 

t-Art. 6-24. Paragraph (3) modified and reprinted on page 6-12. 

KArt. 6-31. Paragraphs (3) and (4) modified and reprinted on page 6-14 as 
paragraph (3). 

i^<Arts. 6-33, 6-34, and 6-35. New articles inserted on pages 6-15 and 6-16. 

(/-Arts. 6-33 and 6-34. Renumbered as articles 6-41 and 6-42. 
l^Art. 7-9. Article modified and reprinted on page 7-4. 

^-Art. 10-16. Paragraph (2) modified and reprinted on page 10-6. 

jl^Art. 10-31. New paragraph (2) inserted on page 10-11. 

^~Art. 10-51. New article inserted on page 10-13. 

£-<Art. 11-3. New paragraph (5) inserted on page 11-2. 

^^Chapter 13. Revised and reprinted on pages 13-1 to 13-32. 

^-Art. 14-95. Article modified and reprinted on page 14-27. 

l^-Art. 14-96. Paragraph (2) modified and reprinted on page 14-28. New sub- 
paragraph (e) inserted on page 14-29. 

t^Arts. 14-103 and 14-104. Articles modified and reprinted on page 14-31. 

£/Art, 14-108. Article modified and reprinted on page 14-32. 

i/Art. 15-19. Paragraph (2) modified and reprinted on page 15-17. 

i/Chapter 16. Revised and reprinted on pages 16-1 to 16-90. 

J<A\"t. 17-63. Article modified and reprinted on page 17-16. 

^<£rt. 17-82. New paragraph (3) inserted on page 17-19. 

U<Arts. 17-89 and 17-90. Articles modified and reprinted on pages 17-22 and 

17-22a. 
t^Crts. 17-89 and 17-90. Articles modified and reprinted on pages 17-21 and 17-22. 

i^Art. 17-141. New article inserted on page 17-32. 



VII 

vArt. 18-39A. New article inserted on pages 18-lla to 18-llc. 
VArt. 18-81. Paragraph (3) modified and reprinted on page 18-23. 
l^Art. 21-23. Article modified and reprinted on page 21-4. 
KArt. 22-41. Paragraph (2) modified and reprinted on page 22-19. 
i<Art. 22-45. Article modified and reprinted on page 22-20. 
KArt. 23-31. New paragraph (10) inserted on page 23-7. 
t^Art. 23-167. Article modified and reprinted on page 23-54. 
i/Art. 23-224. New paragraph (28) inserted on page 23-74. 
t^Art. 25-42. New article inserted on pages 25-14a and 25-14b. 
«*<Art. 28-2. Paragraph (15c) modified and reprinted on page 28-3. 
f^Avt. 28.-4. Article modified and reprinted on pages 28-4 and 28-4a. 
t^Art. 28-158. New article inserted on pages 28-34a to 28-34f. 
L-Aft. 30-26. New paragraphs (2) and (3) inserted on page 30-6. 
u-£rt. 30-73. New article inserted on pages 30-19 and 30-20. 



^p %M^^^ 






CHANGES IN MARINE CORPS MANUAL NO. 2 



Headquarters Marine Corps, 
Washington, December 31, 1927. 
The following changes in the Marine Corps Manual shall be made 
immediately upon receipt of this order : 

John A. Lejeune, 
Major General C oinmandant. 
Approved : 

Curtis D. Wilbur, 

Secretary of the Navy. 



Pen changes : 

1-37 (4)Jrl In sixth line, after the word " reenlistment " insert the 

y words " or extension of enlistment ". 

2-23 (6>_^_ Strike out entire paragraph. 

2-23 (8)_rr^ In fourth line, after the word " cases ", insert the words 

" except those of married men ". 
2-51 (2)J^T In second line, after the word "Corps", insert the words 

f or for extension of enlistment ". 

2-51 (3)T„ In second line, after the word " reenlisted ", insert the 

^ words " or extends his enlistment ". 

2-57 (7) In second line change the word ''six" to "five". 

2-57 (8)4- - Strike out so much of paragraph (8) as appears on page 

2-38. 
2-64 (12) .•^ Change period to comma at end of sentence, and add the 

words " but not exceeding five days ". 

5-1 (3>5s±; Change subparagraph (c) to read as follows: 

"(c) Officers below the grade of field officer, after relief 

from staff details, will not be again detailed in a staff 

department until after the expiration of at least two 

years." 
5-46-k^T- In second line, after the word " trumpet ", insert the words 

" and drum ". 

5-61.W Add a new article, as follows : 

"Front sight covers. — Front sight covers will not be 

removed from rifles except for purposes of repairs or 

replacements." 

81435—28 . (!) 



ir 

ft 3d (3) » In fifth line strike out the words "and the Adjutant and 

Inspector ". 

6-41-C1) In second line, after the word "privates", insert the words 

"of the' permanent personnel of recruit depots,". 

7-8rrT____ Add the following to article: * 

"(See arts. 1879 (2), N. R., and 15-18, M. C. M.)" 

9-7 (3) Change caption to read "When chief pay clerk or pay clerk 

signs ". In second line, after the word " day ", insert the 
words " a chief pay clerk or ". Add the following sentence 
to paragraph : " This has equal application to chief pay 
clerks and pay clerks deputized as well as those not so 
— deputized." 

12-5 (1) In line one strike out the word "an" and insert the words 

" a commissioned ". Add the following sentence to para- 
graph : " Chief warrant and warrant officers will not be 
detailed as exchange officers without the authority of the 
Major General Commandant." 

13-25 (6) (e) In third line on page 13-8, after the words "graduate", 

insert the words " with a degree of bachelor of arts, bach- 
elor of science, or civil engineer,". 

13-54 (4) Strike out subparagraph (a). 

13-65 (1) Change first word of caption to "Fleet". 

13-65 (13) In tenth line, after the word "week", change period to a 

comma, and insert the following : " except that in the case 
of members of the aviation branch of the Fleet Marine 
Corps Reserve not more than four periods of appropriate 
duty shall be held in any one week." 

13-75 (2) Add the following to first footnote on page 13-33: " See art. 

22-41, M. C. M." 

13-80 (23) Strike out so much of subparagraph (b) as appears on page 

13-38. 

14-38 In next to last line on page 14-12 strike out the word 

"American ", and in same line change the number " 1625 " 
to " 200". 

14-61 Strike out entire article as it appears on page 14-16. 

14-81 (3) Strike out the word "the" at the end of second line. 

14-91 (3) In third line strike out the following: "on Forms N. M. C. 

377 and 377a ". 

14-104 Strike out entire article. 

16-119 Change the amount in second line of page 16-23 as the 

allowance for transfers for " men only " at Richmond, Va., 
from $0.06 to $0.07. 

16-164 (2) (b)__ Strike out first sentence. Change second sentence to read 
as follows : " Grandchildren, step children, adopted chil- 
dren, and foster children are not included." 

16-170 (3) Strike out second sentence beginning with the word "In" 

in fifth line. 



in 



17-19 In first and second lines strike out the word " field ". 

17-63 In eighth line, after the word "haversack", insert the 

words "and pistol belt suspenders". 

17-83 (b) Strike out the word "Steam". 

18-39 (2) (a) Change the number "18-65" at the end of third line to 

"18-60". 
18-39A (1) In eighth line, after the word "voucher", insert "and 

amounts to less than $1,000." 

20-8 Strike out so much of article as appears on page 20-3. 

22-53 (2) Strike out last sentence of paragraph, beginning with the 

word " Funds " in fifth line. 

23-11 (1) Add the following to paragraph: "(See art>-28-15)". 

2S-11 (3) Insert the words "Chief pay clerks and" at the beginning 

of sentence. 
23-11 (4) Insert a comma at the end of second line and add the words 

" a chief pay clerk ". 
23-49 (1) At the end of seventh line strike out the words "Check 

Section, Audit ", and insert the word " Claims ". 
23-49 (4) In second line change the word "check" back to "liabili- 
ties" as originally printed. 
23-166 In fifth line, change "Form N. M. C. 363" to "Standard 

Form 1025," and change the word "Abstract" to 

" Schedule ". 
In sixth line, change " Form N. M. C. 722 " to " Standard 

Form 1026." 
23-167 In fourth line, strike out the words "an abstract and all 

vouchers", and substitute "all schedules, vouchers, and 

other papers. 
In eighth and thirteenth lines change "Abstract" to 

" Schedule ". 
23-176 In eighth line change " Form N. M. C. 363 " to " Standard 

Form 1025," and in the ninth line change "Form 722" 

to " Standard Form 1026 " and the word "Abstract " to 

" Schedule." 
23-187 (1) In lines 6 and 7 strike out the words "as prescribed by 

paragraph 11, Treasury Department Circular No. 52, 

July 29, 1907." 
In ninth line change the words " a copy " to " copies ", and 

after the word "collections" insert the words "and 

abstract of expenditures". 
23-224 (20) (f)__ In third line, after the number "31", insert the words 

"both dates inclusive,". 

23-224 (23) Strike out so much of paragraph as appears on page 23-72. 

24-40 (2) Strike out so much of paragraph as appears on page 24-12. 

26-29 (34) In lines 2 and 3 strike out the words "relieved from duty 

at a station and". 



IV 

26-46 (2) Add the following to list of stations: 

"Republic of Haiti." 

" Republic of Nicaragua." 

26-77 (1) In second line strike out the words "detailed to duty in- 
volving flying". 

26-101 to 26-103_ Strike out. 

The following changes are made in the accompanying pages of the Murine 

Corps Manual. These pages will be inserted in their proper places : 

Art. 1-10-L Article modified and reprinted on page l-4a. 

Art. l-35*ri_ Paragraph (5) modified and reprinted on page 1-11. 

Art. 2-21_vl! Paragraph (3) modified and reprinted on pages 2-3 and 2-4. 

New paragraph (4) added and printed on page 2-4. 

Arts. 2-32, 2-33 Articles modified and reprinted on pages 2-7 and 2-8. 

Art. 2-34 Paragraph (4) modified and reprinted on page 2-11. 

Art. 2-n37_r_ Paragraphs (8), (14), (15), and (17) modified and re- 
printed on pages 2-13 and 2-14. 
Paragraph (24) modified and reprinted on page 2-15. 

Art. 2-40_n New paragraph (7) inserted on page 2-16. 

Art. 2-^2__tl Paragraph (2) modified and reprinted on page 2-16. 

Art. 2-43_* Article modified and reprinted on page 2-17. 

Art. 2-45_i Paragraphs (4) and (5) modified and reprinted on page 

, 2-19. 

Art. 2-50-L Paragraph (1) modified and reprinted on page 2-24. 

Art. 2-57_WfTZ__ Paragraphs (8), (9), and (15) modified and reprinted on 
page 2-39. 

Art. 2-72_\^r-i Paragraphs (1) and (3) (g) modified and reprinted on 

pages 2-53 and 2-54. 

Art. 3-3 New paragraph (5) inserted on page 3-2. 

Art. 3-11— Subparagraph (1) (3) modified and reprinted on page 3-3. 

Art. 3-15 New paragraph (2) inserted on page 3-6. 

Art. 3-23 Paragraph (4) modified and reprinted on page 3-9. 

Art. 3-25 Article modified and reprinted on page 3-10. 

Art. 5-42 Paragraphs (2) and (3) modified and reprinted on page 5-19. 

Art. 6-24 Paragraph (7) modified and reprinted on page 6-13. 

Art. &-71 New article inserted on page 9-9. 

Art. 10-27 Article modified and reprinted on page 10-10. 

Art. 13-80 Paragraphs (4), (10), and (23) (b) modified and reprinted 

on pages 13-35, 13-36, and 13-39. 

Art. 14-61 Article modified and reprinted on page 14-16a. 

Art. 14-96 Article modified and reprinted on pages 14-28 and 14-29. 

Art. 15-18 New paragraph (3) inserted on pages 15-16 and 15~16a. 

Art. 16-12 Paragraph (3) modified and reprinted on page 16-3. 

Art. 16-115 Article modified and reprinted on page 16-19. 

Art. 16-116 Paragraphs (2), (3), and (4) modified and reprinted on page 

16-20. 

Art. 16-314 Subparagraph (m) modified and reprinted on page 16-90. 

Art. 17-21 Paragraph (1) modified and reprinted on page 17-7. 



Art. 17-25 Paragraph (1) modified and reprinted on page 17-8. 

Arts. 17-95, 17-97- Articles modified and reprinted on page 17-23. 

Art. 18-31 Article modified and reprinted on page 18-8. 

Arts. 18-60, 18-71, Articles modified and reprinted on pages 18-19, 18-20, 18-21, 

18-72, 18-73. 18-22, and 18-22a. 

Art. 19-56 Article modified and reprinted on page 19-8. 

Arts. 20-6, 20-7, Articles modified and reprinted on pages 20-2 and 20-2a. 

20-8. 

Art. 21-48 New article inserted on page 21-9. 

Arts. 22-41, 22-42, Articles modified and reprinted on pages 22-19 and 22-20. 

22-43. 

Art. 23-15 Article modified and reprinted on page 23-3. 

Art. 23-23 Article modified and reprinted on pages 23-5 and 23-6. 

Art. 23-151 Paragraphs (1) and (2) modified and reprinted on page 

23-49. 
Arts. 23-170. 23-171, Articles modified and reprinted on pages 23-55 and 23-56. 

23-172. 

Art. 23-210 Article modified and reprinted on page 23-66. 

Art. 23-215 Article modified and reprinted on pages 23-67 and 23-68. 

Art. 23-220 Paragraph (9) modified and reprinted on page 23-68b. 

Art. 23-224 Paragraphs (23), (24), and (25) modified and reprinted on 

page 23-73. New paragraph (28) (b) inserted on page 
23-74. 

Art. 24-40 Paragraph (2) modified and reprinted on page 24-13. 

Art. 24-42 Paragraphs (2) and (3) modified and reprinted on page 

24-14. 

Art. 25-42 Paragraph (14) modified and reprinted on page 25-14b. 

Art. 26-1 Paragraph (2) modified and reprinted on page 26-1. 

Art, 26-104 Article modified and reprinted on pages 26-41 and 26-42. 

Chap. 29 Revised and reprinted on pages 29-1 to 29^-20. 

Art. 30-98 Article modified and reprinted on page 30-22, 



CHANGES IN MARINE CORPS MANUAL NO. 3 



Headquarters Marine Corps, 
Washington, October 12, 1928. 
The following changes in the Marine Corps Manual shall be made 
immediately upon receipt of this order: 

John A. Lejeune, 
Majo / r General Commandant. 
Approved : 

T. Douglas Robinson, 

Acting Secretary of the Navy. 



.- Pen changes: 

1-64 On page 1-22 insert the abbreviation " Hq " for the word 

"Headquarters". 

2-57 (15)_^T In second line, after the word "upon", insert the words 

^ "acceptance for". 

5-11 (2) J^- _^sr_ _ _ Strike out so much of paragraph as appears on page 5-7. 
5-31 (3)_^rT_ In lines 5 and 6 change "67.8" to "42.9" and "32.2" to 

"57.1". 
6-1 (6) (A) (j).r^_ In line one strike out "1920". 
7-9 (2)__*r^^_l In third line, after the word "Division" insert the words 

"or at recruiting stations of the district of Denver". ^ 
10-13 (10), (ll)^-^' Strike out so much of paragraphs as appear on page 10-5.' 

10-30 (l)_i , ^r_ In third line change the word "or" to "but may be". 

13-19 (2)_fTT In fourth line strike out the word "Fleet" in two places. 

14-38- .r^T- Strike out so much of article as appears on page 14-13. 

14-97 (c) Change period to comma at end of sentence and add the 

following: "or the officer designated by the Major 

General Commanclant to approve them, and the request 

is approved." 
16-119 On page 16-22 change the amount for "men only" at Pen- 

sacola, Fla., from .24 to .30. 
16-169 (l)_*r^T___ Insert a period after the word "requests", at the end of 

eighth line, and strike out remainder of sentence. 

1528—28 (!) 



17-22 (4) Change the comma to a period after the word "Treasury", 

in fifth line, and strike out remainder of sentence. 
23-194 (4)_i^T___ Strike out entire paragraph. 

23-201 __4^_ Strike out sixteenth line reading "memorandum showing 

^> rates of pay, balances, etc. (N. M. C. 662) ". -*" 

25-13 (15) Add the following at end of paragraph: "6976)". 

26-89 !*rT_ Strike out article as it appears on page 26-39. 

26-104 (2) _^TT In line 15 add the following after the word "years": " 

^ days lost, art. 10-30, M. C. M." 

27-4 (2) In second line strike out the words "Life Insurance in 

^^ chapter 28" and insert "art. 27-31". 

27-18 In line one, after the word "by", insert the word " radio "A" 

In fourth line strike out the word "Captain". 
28-146 (14) __4r^T__ Strike out entire paragraph. 
30-81 (l)__^Tl In sixth line correct the word "Overpain" to "Overpaid". 

The following changes are made in the accompanying pages of 
the Marine Corps Manual. These pages will be inserted in their 
proper places : 

Art. 1-Z5 .--*-- Paragraph (5) modified and reprinted on page 1-11. 

Art. 1-61_^C,_ Article modified and reprinted on page 1-19. 

Art. 2-ZZ/LyC\. Paragraph (1) modified and reprinted on page 2-7. 

Art. 2-52 _<__,._ Paragraph (8) modified and reprinted on page 2-26. 



Art. 3-16_>^<r ? ^l__ Article revised and reprinted on pages 3-6 and 3-6a. 

Art. 4-29 ^/ly- New article inserted on page 4-7. 

Art. h-\\/-/.- Paragraph (2) modified and reprinted on page 5-6c. 

Art. 5-56 jO. Article modified and reprinted on page 5-26. 

Art. 6-1-/1 Paragraphs (2) and (6) (A) (g) modified and reprinted on 

pages 6-1 and 6-2. 
Art. 6-23 _'l Paragraphs (7), (8), (10), and (13) revised and reprinted 

on pages 6-11 and 6-12 as paragraphs (8) to (15). 
Paragraphs (9), (11), and (12) renumbered as (7), (16), 

and (17). 
Art. 6-28 /. 1 New paragraph (1) inserted on page 6-13. 



(2) 



Art. 0-41 Paragraph (1) modified and reprinted on page 6-17. 

Art. 10-13 Paragraphs (10) and (11) modified and reprinted on page 

10-4. 

Art. 13-41 Paragraph (1) modified and reprinted on page 13-12. 

Art. 13-41 New subparagraph (4) (f) inserted on page 13-13. 

Art. 13-54 New paragraph (5) inserted on page 13-19. 

Art. 13-75 Paragraphs (2), (3), (4), and (5) modified and reprinted on 

page 13-33. 
Art. 13-80 Paragraph (3) modified and reprinted on pages 13-34 and 

13-35. 
Art. 14-38 Article modified and reprinted on pages 14-12, 14-12a, and 

14-12b. 
Arts. 14-94 and 14- Articles modified and reprinted on page 14-27. 
95. 

Art. 15-12 Paragraph (11) modified and reprinted on page 15-12. 

Art. 15-19 New paragraphs (9) and (10) inserted on page 15-18a. 

Art. 16-135 Article modified and reprinted on page 16-24. 

Art. 20-37 Article modified and reprinted on pages 20-11 and 20-12. 

Art. 23-55 Paragraph (7) modified and reprinted on page 23-21. 

Art. 24-15 Paragraph (2) modified and reprinted on page 24-5. 

Art. 25-37 Paragraph (3) modified and reprinted on page 25-12. 

Art. 26-11 Paragraphs (2) and (3) modified and reprinted on pages 

26-3 and 26-4. 

Art. 26-14 Paragraph (2) modified and reprinted on page 26-5. 

Art. 26-36 New paragraph (3) inserted on page 26-14. 

Art. 26-85 Article modified and reprinted on page 26-38. 

Arts. 26-90 and 26- New articles inserted on pages 26-38a to 26-38f . 
91. 

Art. 27-12 Article modified and reprinted on page 27-4. 

Art. 27-31 Article revised and reprinted on page 27-8. 

Art. 28-2 Paragraph (11) modified and reprinted on page 28-3. 

Art. 28-41 Paragraph (1) modified and reprinted on pages 28-11 and 

28-12. 

Art. 28-76 New paragraph (2) inserted on page 28-18. 

Art. 28-140 Paragraph (3) modified and reprinted on page 28-29. 

Art. 30-26 Paragraph (2) modified and reprinted on page 30-6. 

Art. 30-52 Subparagraph (h) modified and reprinted on page 30-12. 



(3) 



Ill 

8-9(1). Add the following sentence to paragraph: "An enlisted man dis- 
charged after not less than two years' service in his enlistment, 
to accept a warrant or commission, is eligible for a good-conduct 
medal." 
8-10(4). In 4th line change the semicolon to a comma and correct the number 

^8T~-To~^'2r~ ^ 
8-11 (ffff). Strike out last word of subparagraph and substitute the following: 

"-Nerember 2571924:** 
10-13 (S). In line 1 change "Article 554, Navy Regulations," to "Navy De- 
partment G. O. No. 155, August 6, 1926." 
-liHiTirTcha'ngT^^-S^ N. R.," to " G. O. 155." 
In lines 5, 6, 7, 9, and 10 change "Article 554, Navy Regulations" 
to "Navy Department G. O. No. 155." 
^3 20(1K In line 1, after the word " report," insert the words "of detach- 
ment of officers and." 
10-20(2). Strike out subparagraphs (a) and (6). 
_3J3=2Q43-)-r In 2d line strike out the words "the Paymaster." 
12-7 (1>. -At the end of 6th line change the period to a comma and add the 

following words : " when Marine Corps officers are available." 
12-13(3). In 3d line, after the word "status," insert the words "and without 

funds." 
14-13. In line 1, after the word " officer," insert the words " accountable for 
subsistence stores." In 2d line, after the word " officer," insert the 
words " under him." In same line strike out the words " the com- 
missary " and substitute the words " such stores." 
14-23(1). In 2d line insert a comma after the word "market" and also after 
the fifth "classification of Navy mail clerks, after the word " ves- 
sels," insert the words " and at shore stations where allowed." 
-25- 70 ( 5-)« In second line change the date from " June 1, 1925," to " .Tun* "» 
and crews of vessels and light and depot keepers of the Lighthouse 

Service ". 
^fflpSTl). Add the following to paragraph: "(See art. 22-45 as to charges for 
overhead.)" 
14=81(3). In 2d line, strike out the words "render quarterly certificate of 

balances and." 
14-82(5). Strike out 4th line of paragraph. 
14-82f8tr-In line 1 insert a comma after the word " ration." 
14-92(1). In 4th line change the word "construct" to "provide." 
15-9X6)7 In lines 5 and 9 change "article 554(2), Navy Regulations," to 

" G. O. 155, Navy Department,". 
15-10(1). Strike out paragraph 1. 
15-11(3). "In 7th line change "article 554(2), Navy Regulations," to " G. O. 

155, Navy Department,". 
^5-11(6 h-Under the heading "The debit items are" strike out "Time lost 

under article 554(2), Navy Regulations (show dates and number 

of days)." 



TV 

15-11(8). In 2d line, strike out the clause "time lost under article 554(2), 

Navy Regulations,". 
16-42-f&). In 2d line, change the word "first" to "last" and strike out the 

word " succeeding." 
ISslS-W. In 19th line, after the word "lost," insert the following: "prior to 

May 17, 1926,". 
15-14(2). In 7th line, after the word "joins," insert the word "from." 

In 12th line, change "article 554(2), -Navy Regulations," to " G. 

O. 155, Navy Department,". 
17-25(4)". Strike out 3d line of paragraph. 
^17-€4.- In—8th line, after the word " Corps," insert the words "(except 

Navy Building guard)," in parentheses. 
JSSSSTAdd the following in parentheses at the end of article: "(See art. 

5-51)." 
17-96. In line 1 strike out the word "annual." 
17-97. Strike cut entire article. 

18-44. In 3d line change the word " Military " to "Audit." 
18-73(5). Strike out last three words of paragraph and substitute the fol- 
lowing : " General Expenses, Marine Corps." 
20-15(1). In 2d column of list of articles strike out the item reading as 

follows : " 1 pair spur straps, officer's, black." 
22-18. Strike out last sentence of article. 
JJ2-51.- -Insert at the beginning of article the heading " Disposal of funds." In 

subparagraph (&) strike out the heading "Disposal of funds." 
22-55 (-2). In 4th line change the word "Military" to "Audit." 
23-21. Strike out entire article. 



^23--=4£K 1-) . In 3d line strike out the second word "Accounting" and substitute 

the words " Section, Audit." 
23-49(1). Strike out the last word in 7th line and substitute the words 

" Section, Audit." 
23^39 : f4Trin 2d line change the word "liabilities" to "check." 
23 51(7)r1h 7th line change last three words to read as follows: "(Check 

Section, Audit Division)." 
23-83. In 2d line insert the word "an" before the word "appropriation." 
28=85. In 4th line change word "Military" to "Audit." 
23-112. In 1st, 6th, 9th, and 15th lines change the word "Military" to 

"Audit." 
23-134. In 3d line change the word " Military " to " Claims." 
23-170(1). In lines 5 and 6 strike out the words "monthly statement of 

receipts and expenditures and the." In 7th line strike out the 

words "forwarded together." 



%M r7 0(2t-" T u lines 4, 5, and 6 strike out the words "prepared on Form 
N. M. C. 590 and a statement of funds received from sales of 
clothing which were taken up on the account current but were 
not credited to an allotment." 

23-i'ffc Strike out 7th line reading " Statement of receipts and expenditures 

(Form N. M. C. 590)" and "(N. M. C. 3776)" in 12th line. 
-23-18frIn 3d line change the word " Military " to "Audit." 

28=i88-f4). In line 1 insert the word "vouchers" after the word "and." 
1 23-195(1). Add the following sentence to paragraph 1: "There will be shown 
on the face of the form a summary of the appropriations covering 
the expenditures made in the account, giving the title, symbol 
number, and amount in each case." 

33-334 (JL) . In last line change the number "22" to "23." 

2#=4r-In 1st line correct the word " way " to " war." 

24-13 CI >. In 2d line change the word " Two " to " Three." 
*) 24-15(2). Add the following sentence to paragraph 2: "The triplicate will 
be retained by the pay officer taking up the account for his files." 

25-. l ( 3Q. Under the "First grade" in table, add "Master technical sergeant" 
and " Paymaster sergeant." Under " Second grade " insert " Snp- 

ply sergeant " after " Gunnery sergeant." 

-25= : T27l3trike out entire article. 

2507(5). I n line 1, after first word, insert the words " or nonpayment." 
Change period to comma at end of paragraph and add the follow- 
ing : " or ' Payment of gratuity, act March 4, 1925, not directed.' " 

25-62(1). In the first, third, and fourth classifications of Navy mail clerks 
insert the words " detachments or " after the word " with." In 
the fifth "classification of Navy mail clerks, after the word " ves- 
sels," insert the words " and at shore stations where allowed." 

- 3 5 70(5 ^ In second line change the date from "June 1, 1925," to "June 1, 
1923." 

25-105(20). Strike out entire paragraph. 

26-1(4). In last line change the word "Naval" to "Navy." 

-36-44; In line 2 change comma to period after the second word "leave," and 
strike out remainder of article. 

-26-48.— Strike out entire article. 

26-57. Strike out entire article. 
-2^72T"Change period to comma at end of article and add the following : " in 
accordance with the provisions of Standardized Government Travel 
Regulations, approved by the President, August 11, 1926." 
„2S£m. In 1st, 5th, and 6th lines change " 1926 " to " 1927." In last line change 
" March 4, 1925," to " June 2, 1926." 
J28=340(5), In 1st and 2d lines change "Art. 554, Navy Regulations, 1920," to 
" Navy Department General Order No. 155, August 6, 1926." 

^8=146T4Tnh 2d line change " 1926 " to " 1927." 

30-51 (c). In 2d line change "art. 554, N. R. 1920," to " N. D. G. O. No. 355, 
August 6, 1926." 



VI 

30-52 (c). In last two lines change "art. 554, N. R. 1920" to " G. O. 155." 

30-52 (d). In 2d and 3d lines change "art. 554, N. R. 1920," to " G. O. 155." 

30-52 (m). In 5th and 6th lines change "art. 554, N. R. 1920," to " G. O. 155." 
The following changes are made in the accompanying pages of the Marine 

Corps Manual. These pages will be inserted in their proper places: 

Arts. 1-10, 1-11, and 1-16. New articles inserted on pages l-4a to l-4c. 

Art. 2-40. Paragraph (1) modified and reprinted on page 2-15. 

Art. 2-42. Article modified and reprinted on page 2-16. 

Art. 2-66. New paragraph (1) inserted on page 2-49. 

Art. 2-67. Paragraphs (8), (9), and (10) modified and reprinted on page 2-51. 

Art. 2-73. Paragraph (11) modified and reprinted on page 2-56. 

Art. 2-76. Article modified and reprinted on page 2-60. 

Art. 3-13. Article modified and reprinted on page 3-4. 

Art. 3-29. Paragraph (2) modified and reprinted on page 3-11. 

Art. 3-51. New article inserted on page 3-12. 

Art. 4-11. Paragraph (2) modified and reprinted on page 4-5. 

Art. 4-12. New paragraph (2) inserted on page 4-6. 

Arta 4-21, 4—26, 4-27, and 4-31. New articles inserted on pages 4-6 and 4-7. 

Art. 5-8. New article inserted on pages 5-6a and 5-6b. 

Art. 5-11. Paragraph (1) modified and reprinted on page 5-6c. 

Arts. 5-46, 5-51, and 5-56. New articles inserted on pages 5-21 to 5-26. 

Art. 6-22. Paragraph (3) modified and reprinted on page 6-9. 

Art. 6-24. Paragraph (3) modified and reprinted on page 6-12. 

Art. 6-31. Paragraphs (3) and (4) modified and reprinted on page 6-14 as 
paragraph (3). 

Arts. 6-33, 6-34, and 6-35. New articles inserted on pages 6-15 and 6-16. 

Arts. 6-33 and 6-34. Renumbered as articles 6-41 and 6-42. 

Art. 7-9. Article modified and reprinted on page 7-4. 

Art. 10-16. Paragraph (2) modified and reprinted on page 10-6. 

Art. 10-31. New paragraph (2) inserted on page 10-11. 

Art. 10-51. New article inserted on page 10-13. 

Art. 11-3. New paragraph (5) inserted on page 11-2. 

Chapter 13. Revised and reprinted on pages 13-1 to 13-32. 

Art. 14-95. Article modified and reprinted on page 14-27. 

Art. 14-96. Paragraph (2) modified and reprinted on page 14-28. New sub- 
paragraph (e) inserted on page 14-29. 

Arts. 14-103 and 14-104. Articles modified and reprinted on page 14-31. 

Art. 14-108. Article modified and reprinted on page 14-32. 

Art. 15-19. Paragraph (2) modified and reprinted on page 15-17. 

Chapter 16. Revised and reprinted on pages 16-1 to 16-90. 

Art. 17-63. Article modified and reprinted on page 17-16. 

Art. 17-82. New paragraph (3) inserted on page 17-19. 

Arts. 17-89 and 17-90. Articles modified and reprinted on pages 17-22 and 
17-22a. 

Arts. 17-89 and 17-90. Articles modified and reprinted on pages 17-21 and 17-22. 

Art. 17-141. New article inserted on page 17-32. 



VII 



Art. 18-39 A. New article inserted on pages 18-lla to 18-llc. 

Art. 18-81. Paragraph (3) modified and reprinted on page 18-23. 

Art. 21-23. Article modified and reprinted on page 21-4. 

Art. 22— 41. Paragraph (2) modified and reprinted on page 22-19. 

Art. 22-45. Article modified and reprinted on page 22-20. 

Art. 23-31. New paragraph (10) inserted on page 23-7. 

Art. 23-167. Article modified and reprinted on page 23-54. 

Art. 23-224. New paragraph (28) inserted on page 23-74. 

Art. 25-42. New article inserted on pages 25-14a and 25-141). 

Art. 28-2. Paragraph (15c) modified and reprinted on page 28-3. 

Art. 28.-4. Article modified and reprinted on pages 28-4 and 28-4a. 

Art. 28-158. New article inserted on pages 28-34a to 28-34f. 

Art. 30-26. New paragraphs (2) and (3) inserted on page 30-6. 

Art. 30-73. New article inserted on pages 30-19 and 30-20. 






CHANGES IN MARINE CORPS MANUAL, NO. 4 

Headquarters Marine Corps, 

Washington, October 22, 1929. 
The following changes in the Marine Corps Manual shall be made immediately 
upon receipt of this order. 

W. C. Neville, 
Major General Commandant. 
Approved: 

C. F. Adams, 

Secretary of the Navy. 

Pen changes: 

1-27. ™ In first line, after the word "Department)," and in seventh 

line, after the word "sergeants," insert the words "and 
supply sergeants." 

2-50 (2) \_^— -r~ In lines 2 and 3 strike out the words "and one month to men 

upon reenlistment from the Army or Navy." 

3-28 (2)_^ In third line strike out the words "on application of parents 

or guardian" and insert the words "by reason of underage 
enlistment." 
4-9 (2)_u*n'_ In second line strike out "expiration of" and insert "dis- 
charged from his current*'- 7 ' In lines 2 and 3 of waiver 
strike out "the expiration of" and insert "discharged 
from." 

5-19 (l^VrT In fourth line strike out the words "in duplicate." 

5-22 Strikeout. 

5-23-L=r Strike out paragraphs (1) and (2). 

5-42 (Z)_w*cr_ In fifteenth line, after the word "case," insert the words 

"message book." 

6-23 (5)-t In first line change the word "or" to a comma, and after 

the word "class" insert "drummers or trumpeters." 
6-41 (l)_U-rr7___ Insecondline change "33" to "40," and in fifth line change 
"16" to "18". 

8-9-rTT Strike out paragraphs (1) and (2). 

10-42 (l)rCTT Strike out subparagraph (c) on page 10-12. 

12-12 (9)^^-*^.. In third line strike out the words "other times approximat- 
ing thereto" and insert "an hour approximating the close 
of business." In fourth line change the word "designate" 
to "direct." 

12-13 (5)^rr: Strike out the following: "(Form A)," "(Form B)," "(Form 

C)," "(Form D)," and "(Form F)." 

12-14 (6)_ In first line strike out "(Form G)." 

12-14 (12)irrrr_-. In second line strike out "(Form H)." 
12-15 (2).*^ In next to last line strike out "(Form I)." 

-29 (1) 



12-16 (4) Change period to comma at end of sentence and add "but 

in no case will prizes be allowed for record target practice 
with the service rifle." 

12-21k-rl In first line strike out "J." 

13-56 (8) _ _T_ In first line strike out the word "not." In second line strike 

out the word "except" and substitute "when directed to 
report for inspection or." In fourth line change "(b)" to 
"(a), (b), '(e)." 

13-65_^_ Strike out paragraphs (13) and (14) as they now appear on 

page 13-27. 
13-80 (3)^r:--- Insert the foUowing in table: "1 shirt, flannel"; "1 belt, 
russet." Change the figure "2" to "3" before "drawers," 
"socks," and "undershirts." 

13-80 (3)^^ Insert the following in list of clothing: "1 shirt, flannel"; 

"1 coat, service, summer"; "2 buttons, gilt, cap"; "1 
belt, russet"; "1 ornaments, bronze, collar, set.^ Strike 
out the words "may be issued where white cap covers are 
worn at adjacent marine barracks Y after" 1 cap frame and 
1 cap cover, white." Change the figure "(2)" to "(4)" be- 
s fore "chevrons or insignia, service, summer, sets." 

16-12.!^. Strikeout. 

16-49_j_ Strike out so much of article as appears on page 16-12. 

16-119 Page 16-22. Under Pensacola, Fla., change the words 

"railroad stations" to "Louisville & Nashville R. R. 
Station." Insert a new line, as follows: "Between marine 
barracks and St. Louis & San Francisco R. R. Station," 
and in same line in column headed "Men only" insert 
".20." Under Cleveland, Ohio, change ".06" to ".07." 
Under New London, Conn., change ".20" to ".15." 
Under Philadelphia, Pa., change "07" to "08" in all cases 
with note "2 tokens for .15." 
Page 16-23. insert the following: 
"South Charleston, W. Va.: 

Between South Charleston, W. Va., and Charleston, 

W. Va.," 
and in same line in column headed "Men only" 
insert ".15." 
Page 16-22. Insert the following : 
"Dallas, Tex.: 

Between recruting station and railroad statson .07 
^^ (5 tokens for 30 cents) ." 

16-167-^T- In first line of subparagraph (c), page 16-31, change period 

to a comma after the word "above" and insert the words 
^^ "using sections when practicable*" 

16-280_>^ Add the following sentence to article: "In cases where 

men are due for discharge the date of discharge will 
be shown in requests for shipment. " 

(2) 



16-314 (J) i£ In third line change "Lake Denmark " to "Dover." 

17-32 (3)/_ Strike out last sentence of paragraph. 

17-55 yrTL In line one, after the word "white," insert "and khaki." 

17-55 (l)*-«r In fourth line, after the word "be," insert the words "pre- 
scribed in allowance tables or as. " 
17-111 In fifth line, after the word "stores," insert the words 

"motor vehicles." 
17-126 (2)^1 In sixth line, after the word "will," insert the words "except 

in cases of surveys on motor vehicles. " 
17-126 (4)rT_ In line one, after the word "boats," insert the words "motor 

vehicles." 

18-44_^:_ Strike out, 

18-45 _v__ Strike out so much of article as appears on page 18-12. 

24-1 (5) .- In eighth line, after the word "service, " strike out remainder 

of paragraph except the asterisks. 
24-6_JrTTT Add a new sentence to article, as follows: "Additional pay 

for aviation is not included in the limitations. (6 Comp. 

Gen. 99, August 3, 1926.) " 

25-61<rn Strike out so much of article as appears on page 25-16. 

26-71 (l)_w<r_ In fifth line, after the word "orders," insert the words "in 

Alaska and." At end of paragraph add "(Acts of June 

10, 1922, and June 1, 1926.) " 

27-15 - Strikeout. 

28-65 _i-_ In seventh line, after the word "statements," change 

period to comma and insert the words "or in account 
/ on extension of enlistment. (See art. 28-76 (2).)" 

28-139./. In second line change "Form 2A" to "Form 739." 

28-143,28-144^1. Strikeout. 

29-3_*____ __ Strikeout. 

29-4__-^T- Strike out so much of article as appears on page 29-8. 

The following changes are made in the accompanying pages of the Marine 
Corps Manual. These pages will be inserted in their proper places: 

Art. 1-3 Article modified and reprinted on page 1-2. 

Art. 1-17 New article inserted on page l-4e. 

Art. 1-34 Article stricken out. 

Art. 1-35 Paragraph (3) modified and reprinted on page 1-10. 

Art. 1-35 New paragraphs (10) and (11) inserted on page 1-11. 

Art. 1-38 New article inserted on pages 1-13 and 1-14. 

Art. 2-21 Paragraphs (3) and (4) modified and reprinted on pages 

2-3, 2-4, and 2-4a. 

Art. 2-23 Paragraph (2) modified and reprinted on page 2-5. 

Art. 2-45 Paragraphs (5) and (10) modified and reprinted on 

pages 2-19 and 2-20. 
Arts. 3-1 to 3-6 Articles modified and reprinted on pages 3-1, 3-2, 3-2a, 

3-2b, and 3-2c. 
Arts. 3-11, 3-13 Articles modified and reprinted on pages 3-3 and 3-4. 

(3) 



Art. 5-8 Article modified and reprinted on pages 5-6a and 5-6b. 

Art. 5-21 Paragraph (1) modified and reprinted on page 5-1 Oa. 

Art. 5-22 Paragraph (1) modified and reprinted on page 5-10a. 

Art. 5-23 Paragraph (2) modified and reprinted on page 5-1 Ob. 

Art. 5-41 Article modified and reprinted on pages 5-18 and 5-18a. 

Art. 7-8 Article modified and reprinted on pages 7-3 and 7-4. 

Art. 8-9 Paragraph (2) modified and reprinted on page 8-2a. 

Art. 10-13 New paragraph (19a) inserted on page 10-5. 

Art. 10-25 Paragraph (1) modified and new paragraph (2) inserted 

on page 10-9. 
Art. 10-28 Paragraph (2) (a) modified and reprinted on page 

10-10a. 
Art. 13-25 Article modified and reprinted on pages 13-5, 13-6, 

and 13-7. 

Art. 13-26 Paragraph (9) modified and reprinted on page 13-8. 

Art. 13-35 Article modified and reprinted on page 13-9. 

Art. 13-40 Article modified and reprinted on page 13-11. 

Arts. 13-41, 13-42 Articles modified and reprinted on pages 13-11, 13-12, 

and 13-13. 

Art. 13-43 New paragraph (4) inserted on page 13-14. 

Art. 13-51 Paragraphs (2) and (7) modified and reprinted on pages 

13-15 and 13-16. 

Art. 13-53 Paragraph (3) modified and reprinted on page 13-17. 

Art. 13-55 Paragraphs (2) and (4) modified and reprinted on page 

13-19. New paragraph (5) inserted on page 13-19. 
Art. 13-58 Paragraphs (4) and (5) modified and reprinted on pages 

13-23 and 13-24. 
New paragraph (8) inserted on page 13-24. 

Art. 13-65 New paragraph (9a) inserted on page 13-26a. 

Art. 13-70_/_ Paragraph (14) modified and reprinted on page 13-30.. 

Arts. 13-81 to 13-87_ _ New articles inserted on pages 13-39 to 13-42. 

Art. 14-9 Paragraphs (2) and (3) modified and reprinted on page 

14-^3. 
Art. 15-9 Paragraph (6) modified and reprinted on pages 15-5 and 

15-6. 

Art. 15-11 Paragraph (3) modified and reprinted on page 15-7. 

Art. 16-12 Paragraphs (2), (3), and (4) modified and reprinted on 

page 16-3. 

Art. 16-28 Article modified and reprinted on page 16-7. 

Art. 16-49 Article modified and reprinted on page 16-12a. 

Art. 16-74 -__ New paragraph (2) inserted on page 16-17. 

Art. 16-77 Article modified and reprinted on pages 16-17 and 16-18. 

Art. 16-164 Article modified and reprinted on page 16-29. 

Art. 16-166 New paragraph (2) inserted on page 16-30. 

Art. 16-169 Paragraph (2) modified and reprinted on page 16-33. 

Art. 16-170. Paragraphs (3), (6), and (8) modified and reprinted on 

pages 16-33 and 16-34. 

(4) 



Art. 16-244 Paragraph (2) modified and reprinted on page 16-42. 

Art. 16-246 Article modified and reprinted on page 16-42. 

Art. 16-279 Paragraph (2) (6) modified and new paragraph (2) (c) 

inserted on page 16-78. 

Art. 16-285 New paragraph (5) inserted on page 16-81. 

Art. 16-314 New subparagraph (11) inserted on page 16-95. 

Art. 17-21 Paragraph (1) modified and reprinted on page 17-7. 

Art. 17-61 ._ 

Art. 17-62 Articles modified and reprinted on pages 17-15 and 17-16. 

Art. 17-63 

Art. 18-33 New sentence added to article on page 18-9. 

Art. 18-35 Article modified and reprinted on page 18-9. 

Art. 18-38 Paragraphs (1), (2), (5), and (6) modified and reprinted 

on pages 18-9 and 18-10. 

Art. 18-44 New paragraph (2) inserted on page 18-12a. 

Arts. 18-71, 18-72 Articles modified and reprinted on pages 18-21 and 

18-22. 

Art. 18-73 Paragraph (3) modified and reprinted on page 18-22a. 

Art. 20-38 New paragraph (2) inserted on page 20-12a. 

Art. 23-224 Paragraph (13) modified and reprinted on page 23-71. 

New subparagraph (28) (b) inserted on page 23-74. 

Present subparagraph (6) renumbered as (c). 

Art. 24-39 Article modified and reprinted on page 24-12. 

Art. 24-42 Paragraphs (2), (3), and (4) stricken out. Page 24-13 

reprinted. 

Art. 24-56 Paragraph (1) modified and reprinted on page 24-16. 

Art. 25-14 Paragraph (6) modified and reprinted on page 25-8. 

Arts. 25-61, 25-62 Articles modified and reprinted on page 25-17. 

Art. 25-90 Paragraph (3) modified and reprinted on page 25-24. 

Art. 26-1 Paragraphs (1) and (2) modified and reprinted on page 

26-1. 

Art. 26-71 . Paragraph (4) modified and reprinted on page 26-27. 

Art. 26-74 Paragraph (8) modified and reprinted on page 26-28. 

Art. 26-82 Note inserted after subparagraph (6) on page 26-37. 

Art. 26-101 New article inserted on page 26-40. 

Art. 27-5 New paragraph (6) inserted on page 27-2. 

Art. 27-15 Article modified and reprinted on page 27-4a. 

Art. 27-32 New article inserted on page 27-8. 

Art. 28-19 Article modified and reprinted on page 28-7. 

Art . 28-13 1 Article modified and reprinted on pages 28-26 and 28-27. 

Arts. 28-133, 28-134... Articles modified and reprinted on page 28-28. 
Arts. 28-135, 28-136... Articles modified and reprinted on page 28-28a. 
Art. 29-3 . New paragraph (2) inserted on page 29-8a. 



(5) 



CHANGES IN MARINE CORPS MANUAL, No. 5 

Headquarters Marine Corps, 

Washington, June 14, 1930. 
The following changes in the Marine Corps Manual shall be made immediately 
upon receipt of this order. 

By order of the Major General Commandant: 

B. H. Fuller, 
Brigadier General, U. S. Marine Corps. 
Approved: 

C. F. Adams, 

Secretary of the Navy. 

Pen changes: 

1-29 -^ Strike out first sentence. 

1-33 In second line strike out the words "mess stewards". 

2-23 (8)^_ At end of paragraph add "(See par. 2.)". 

2-45 (4) In lines 1 and 2 strike out the words " who have been out of 

the service less than a year", and in the fourth line 

strike out the word "other". 

2-57 (15) Strike out subparagraph (a). 

3-13 (1)___<: In lines 1 and 2 strike out the words "pay and". 

8-10 (6) In third line, after the word "Glacier", insert the word 

"Maryland". In lines 3 and 4 change "August 28" to 

"July 29", and " November 2" to "November 14". 
8-11 {ii).2z Strike out lines 2 and 3 and substitute "and marines from 

vessels sent ashore for duty at various places in Cuba 

during this period". 

10-42 (l)_^f_ Strike out subparagraph (e). 

13-51 (10) Change period to a comma at end of paragraph and add 

"except as modified by article 18-73 (9)". 

13-55 (3)_:Tl '. In first line change the word "will" to "may". 

16-170 (8)_vrl__ Strike out subparagraphs (c) and (d) on page 16-34. 

16-278 (2)_n^T In third line change "3,500" to "4,500", and in fifth line 

change "2,000" to "3,000". 
16-288 K-. In fifth line change "$1.75" to "$1.90", and in same line 

change "$1.90" to "$2.10". 
16-314 (n)s^- In lines 5 and 7 strike out " Monticello Steamship Co.," 

and substitute "Southern Pacific Golden Gate Ferries, 

Ltd". 
22-51.tT Add new sentence at end of article, as follows: "Postage 

stamps shall not be considered or carried as cash by a 

disbursing officer". 
23-9 ^Z- In sixth line, after the word "see", strikeout remainder of 

sentence and substitute "Bureau of Supplies and 

Accounts Manual". 
111512—30 . (I) 



II 

23-62 (20)___, In second line insert the word "and" before the word 

/ "transfers" and strike out the words "and telegrams". 

23-63 (4K In second line change the word "abstract" to "schedule". 

In third line change "Form N. M. C. 418" to "Standard 
Form 1026". 

23-218____ Strikeout. 

23-220 (7)__ In last line strike out the word "signature" and insert "this 

purpose." 

25-3 (1)--^ In third line from bottom of page strike out "Marksmen 

. . . 2." At end of paragraph add " Distinguished flying 
cross 2." 

25-21 ___^_ In lines 2 and 3 strike out the words "except where the man 

.*•— is carried by a naval paymaster." 

25-26___ In lines 3 and 4 strike out the words "on account of intem- 
perance, etc.," and insert "under Navy Dept., G. O. 155." 
In fifth line, after the word "cross," insert "distinguished 
. ,-- -" flying cross." 

25-30__ Change the first word from "Mileage" to "Travel allow- 
ance." 

25-60, 25-61 _. r Strikeout. 

25-70 (4) Strike out. 

25-70 (7) In last line change comma to a period after the word 

"requalify" and strike out rest of sentence. 

25-105 (1)>_ In lines 2 and 3 strike out the words "such as good-conduct 

medals, etc.," and in fourth line strike out "abstract of 
expenditures" and insert "schedule of disbursements." 

25-106 (5)-,. At the end of first line insert the words "distinguished fly- 
ing cross." In last line, after the figures "1056," insert 
"act of July 2, 1926." 

26-78 (3). ■__ Strikeout. 

26-79 {g).€. In first line strike out "Form N. M. C. 420" and substitute 

"Standard form 1012." 

28-2 (10) __ In fourth line, after first word, insert "distinguished flying 

cross." 

28-50 In third line change the word "after" to "over." 

28-53 In third line strike out the words "from other rolls or." 

In fourth line change the word "over" to "opposite." 

28-58 (2)__v_ In second line strike out "letter" and substitute "form 

N. M. C. 659." 

28-70 n_ In last line change the word "opposite" to "over," and 

strike out the words "in each case in the column pay 
roll." 

28-80 •___ Strikeout. 

28-123 (8)__^____ In fourth line change "Form N. M. C. 420" to "Standard 
form 1012." 

28-158 (6) / In eighth line on page 28-34c insert a comma after the word 

"roll" and after the word "discharge." 



Ill 

28-165 (2)_V At end of article add "(See art, 26-98 (2))." 

29-4 (9) (jb)-S-'---- Example, Case 2. Change "Jan. 10 to 24" to read "Mar. 
29 to Apr. 12." 

30-52 (**/)- — In second line, after the word "crosses," insert "distin- 
guished flying crosses." 
In lines 4 and 6, after,. "J). S.^C. " insert "D. F. C." 

30-71 In lines V and jQ) cnange the 'words "abstract of expendi- 
tures" to "schedule of disbursements." 

30-72 r /l In twelfth line change the words "Abstract of expendi- 
tures" to "schedule of disbursements." 
The following changes are made in the accompanying pages of the Marine 

Corps Manual. These pages will be inserted in their proper places: 

Arts. 1-18, 1-19 New articles inserted on page l-4f. 

Arts. 1-65, 1-66 Articles 25-60 and 25-61 revised, renumbered, and re- 
printed on pages 1-25 and 1-26. 

Art. 2-24 New article inserted on pages 2-6a and 2-6b. 

Art. 5-24 Paragraph (16) modified and reprinted on page 5-13. 

Art, 5-25 Paragraphs (2) and (3) modified and reprinted on 

page 5-13. 

Art. 5-27 Paragraph (3) modified and reprinted on page 5-15. 

Art. 5-28 Paragraph (3) modified and reprinted on page 5-16. 

Art. 6-23 New paragraph (18) inserted on page 6-12a. 

Art. 10-24 New paragraphs (4) and (5) inserted on page 10-9. 

Art. 10-27 Paragraph (3) modified and reprinted on page 10-10. 

Art. 13-6 Paragraphs (6) and (7) modified and reprinted on 

page 13-2. 
Art. 13-10 Paragraphs (2) and (3) modified and reprinted on 

pages 13-2 and 13-3. 

Art. 13-41 New paragraph (5) inserted on pages 13-13 and 13-14. 

Art. 14-94 New paragraph (3) inserted on page 14-27. 

Art. 14-100 Article modified and reprinted on page 14-30. 

Arts. 14-101, . 14-102, 

14—103 Articles modified and reprinted on page 14-31. 

Arts. 16-71, 16-72 Articles modified and reprinted on page 16-16. 

Art. 16-74 Article modified and reprinted on page 16-17. 

Art. 16-78 Article modified and reprinted on page 16-18. 

Art. 16-79 New article inserted on page 16-18. 

Art. 16-114 Article modified and reprinted on page 16-20. 

Art. 16-119 Article modified and reprinted on pages 16-22a, 16-22b, 

and 16-23. 
Art. 16-170 Paragraph (8) (c) modified and reprinted on page 

16-34a. 

Art. 16-273 Paragraph (1) modified and reprinted on page 16-75. 

Art. 16-314 Subparagraph (n) modified and reprinted in part on 

page 16-91. 
Arts. 17-62, 17-63 Articles modified and reprinted on pages 17-15 and 

17-16. 
Art. 18-73 New paragraph (9) inserted on page 18-22b, 



IV 

Art. 23-130 Paragraph (1) modified and reprinted on page 23-44. 

Art. 23-187 Paragraph (1) modified and reprinted on page 23-59. 

Art. 23-193 Article modified and reprinted on page 23-61. 

Art. 23-201 Article modified and reprinted on pages 23-63 and 

23-64. 

Art. 24-21 New paragraph (3) inserted on page 24-7. 

Art. 24-31 New paragraph (3) inserted on page 24-11. 

Art. 26-74 Paragraphs (4) and (10) modified and reprinted on 

page 26-28. 

Art. 26-96 New paragraph (6) inserted on page 26-39. 

Art. 26-98 New paragraph (2) inserted on page 26-40. 

Art. 28-2 New paragraph (15) (d) inserted on page 28-3. 

Art. 28-62 Article modified and reprinted on page 28-15. 

Art. 28-63 Article modified and reprinted on pages 28-15 and 

28-16. 

Art. 30-27 Paragraph (1) modified and reprinted on page 30-6a. 

Arts. 30-42, 30-44 Articles modified and reprinted on page 30-9. 

Art. 30-52 Subparagraphs (i), (j), and (q) modified and reprinted 

on pages 30-12 and 30-14. 
Art. 30-71 Article modified and reprinted on page 30-18a. 



(Advance copy - Part A) 

CHANGES IN MARINE CORPS MANUAL No. 6 

Headquarters Marine Corps, 
Washington, September 22, 1930. 

The following changes in the Marine Corps Manual 
shall be made immediately upon receipt of this order. 

By order of the Major General Commandant: 

J. T. MYERS, 
Brigadier General, U. S. Marine Corps. 
Approved: 

C. F. Adams, 

Secretary of the Navy. 

Pen changes: 

16-17 ^In second line change "25" to "15", and strike 

out last sentence of article. 

16-119 Under "Los Angeles, Calif.: 

Between recruiting station and railroad stations", 
change ".05" to ".07". 

UnderJ^Pniladelphia, Pa.", change all fares shown at 
.10 to .11. Insert new item: 
"Passes 03", (Figures in column "Men only"). 

Under "Washington, D.C., " change item to read: 
CHCll transfers (4 tokens for 30 cents), .10". 

New articles 16-80 and 18-83 are printed on the 
accompanying pages. These pages will be inserted in 
their proper places in the Marine Corps Manual. 



CHANGES IN MARINE CORPS MANUAL NO. 6 

Headqtjabteks Makine Corps, 

Washington, October 8, 1930. 
The following changes in the Marine Corps Manual shall be made immedi- 
ately upon receipt of this order. 

B. H. FULLER, 
Major General Commandant. 
Approved : 

C. F. ADAMS, 

Secretary of the Navy. 
y^ Pen changes : 

2-23 (2) At the end of subparagraph (c) change period to a comma 

and add the words " or selected for flight training." 

3-3 (2)__"C In ninth line change "seventy-five" to "one hundred." 

3-17 -L-, Strike out so much of article as appears on page 3-7. 

5-41 ^1_ Renumber present page 5-18a as 5-18c. 

6-21 -^ Strike out so much of article as appears on page 6-9. 

13-51 (6)__ ^1 At the end of paragraph change period to a comma and 

add the following: "except that the consolidated reports 
of regiments not attached to reserve areas will be 
forwarded direct." 



13-56 (5)-*zL. Strike out so much of paragraph as appears on page 13-21. 

16-17 zLl In second line change " 25 " to " 15 " and strike out last 

/ . sentence of article. 

16-119 J- Under " Los Angeles, Calif. : Between recruiting station 

and railroad stations," change ".05 " to ".07." 
Under " Philadelphia, Pa." : Change all fares shown at 

.10 to .11. Insert new item: "Passes .03." 

(Figures in column "Men only.") 
Under " Washington, D. C." : Change item to read : " All 
transfers (4 tokens for 30 cents), .10." 

23-11 (4)__<_ Strike out. 

28-58 ^Z Strike out article on pages 28-14 and 28-15. 

29^1 (4 )___<. In ninth line strike out "Qualified" and insert "Both 

qualified and unqualified." In line 11, after the word 
"voucher," change comma to a period and strike out 
remainder of sentence. 
14317—30 (I) 



II 

The following changes are made in the accompanying pages of the Marine 
Corps Manual. These pages will be inserted in their proper places : 
Art. 3-17. — New paragraphs (2) and (3) added and printed on page 3-6a. 
Art. 5-31 — Paragraph (3) modified and reprinted on pages 5-17 and 5-18. 
Arts. 5-32, 5-33, 5-34. — New articles printed on pages 5-18 and 5-18a. 
Art. 6-21. — Article modified and reprinted on pages 6-7, 6-8, 6-8a, 6-8b, and 

6-8c. 
Art. 6-43. — New article printed on page 6-17. 
Art. 10-13. — New paragraph (3a) inserted on page 10^1. 
Art. 10-61. — New article inserted on page 10-14. 
Art. 13-54. — New paragraph (6) inserted on page 13-19. 
Art. 13-70. — Paragraphs (4) and (8) modified and reprinted on page 13-29. 

New paragraph (14) inserted on page 13-30. 
Art. 16-80. — New article inserted on page 16-18a. 
Art. 18-82. — Paragraph (1) modified and reprinted on page 18-24. 
Art. 18-S3.— New article printed on pages 18-25 and 18-26. 
Art. 23-151. — New paragraphs (2) and (3) inserted on page 23^9. Present 

paragraphs (2) to (12) renumbered and new paragraph (15) inserted on 

page 23-50a. 
Art. 27-10. — Paragraph (1) modified and reprinted on page 27-3. 
Art. 28-58. — Paragraph (2) modified and reprinted on page 28-14a. 



(Advance copy - Part A) 

CHANGES IN MARINE CORPS MANUAL No. 7 

Headquarters Marine Corps, 
Washington, November 17, 1930. 

The following changes in the Marine Corps Manual 
shall be made immediately upon receipt of this order. 

B. H. FULLER, 
Major General Commandant. 
Approved: 

C. F, ADAMS, 

Secretary of the Navy. 

Pen changes. 

/ 

7-8 In first line on page 7-4, after the words 

"Washington, D. C", change comma to a period 
and insert the following: 

"Uniform clothing will be disposed of as indicated 
in article 15-18 (1);". 

14-63 ^ In third line, after the word "overhead", insert 
"of 10%". 
In fourth line, after the word "prepared", strike 
out the comma and insert the words "and submitted 
to the commanding officer for approval." In same 
line capitalize "a" before the word "fraction". 
In tenth line, after the word "list", insert a new 
sentence, as follows: "All such changes will be 
submitted to the commanding officer for approval 
before becoming effective." 

14-65 In fourth line, after the word "sales", insert a 
new sentence, as follows: 

"The actual quantities of carcass, beef, sheep, 
veal and pork, cut for sales purposes will be 
shown on a supporting- certificate as outlined 
in article 14-66 (4) " 



14-66 Strike out so much of article as appears on page 
14-18. 
On page '14-19, under heading "Beef Hind Quarters in 
Small Cuts", strike out entire table and sub- 
stitute the following: 

Hind shanks 

Rump 

Round 

Sirloin steak 

Porterhouse steak 

Flanks 

Trimmings 

100.0 

On page 14-10, under heading "Beef Fore Quarters in-:- 
Small Cuts", strike out the entire table and 
substitute the following: 



8.4 


. . . . 30 


10.4 


70 


27.5 


110 


19.0 


130 


17.6 


200 


7.1 


80 


10.0 


.... 



Short ribs 


4.3 


80 


Navel flanks 


1.3 


. . . . 60 


Rib roast 


14.5 


.... 200 


Chuck roast 


40 . 5 


.... *15 


Brisket 


...... 18.0 


90 


Shanks 


11.4 


40 


Trimmings 


10.0 


.... 



100.0 

So much of article 14-66 as was printed on page 14-18 
has been revised and printed on the accompanying pages 14- 
18a and 14-18b. These pages will be inserted in their prope 
place in the Manual. 

A new paragraph (2) is added to article 14-102 and 
printed on the accompanying page 14-30a. This page will be 
inserted in its proper place in the Manual. 



-2- 



CHAPTEK 1 



GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS 



Section f. —OFFICERS 
General 

1-1 

Officers serving with a command shall familiarize themselves with the details 
of its administration, and shall perform such duties connected therewith as 
may be prescribed by the commanding officer. 

Official Oedebs, Etc. 

1-2 

(1) Orders will be distributed as follows: 

(a) Marine Corps orders, circular letters, changes in Marine Corps pub- 
lications, Navy Department general orders, changes in Navy 
Department publications, and court-martial orders : To all officers, 
commanding officers' offices, staff offices, and companies. 

(&) War Department general orders, and changes in Army Regulations: 
To commanding officers' offices and staff officers. 

(c) Markmanship qualifications: To commanding officers' offices, assist- 
ant paymasters, assistant paymasters' deputies, and companies. 

(2) Commanding officers shall keep in their offices files of all orders and 
circular letters relating to their commands and shall cause all general orders 
affecting the officers and enlisted men to be published at the first parade fol- 
lowing the receipt of such orders. 

Publications 

1-3 

Publications to be in the possession of all officers. — The following books and 
orders are furnished by the Marine Corps free of charge and should be in 
the possession of officers and warrant officers as indicated below. 
All officers, chief marine gunners and marine gunners: 
Navy — 

Navy Regulations. 

Navy Department general orders, file of. 

Landing-Force Manual. 

Ship and Gunnery Drills. 

The Boat Book. 

(1-D 



1_3 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

All officers, chief marine gunners, and marine gunners — Continued. 
Marine Corps — 

Marine Corps Manual. 

Marine Corps orders, file of. 

Circular letters, file of. 

Uniform Regulations. 
Army — 

Field Service Regulations. 

Training Regulations. 

Engineer Field Manual. 

Rules of Land Warfare. 

Description and Rules for the Use of the Musketry Rule. 
All chief quartermaster clerics, quartermaster clerks, chief pay cl&rks, and 
pay clerks: 
Navy — 

Navy Regulations. 

Navy Department general orders, file of. 
Marine Corps — 

Marine Corps Manual. 

Marine Corps orders, file of. 

Circular letters, file of. 

Uniform Regulations. (C. M. C. M. 4.) 

Assistant Quartermasters and Assistant Paymasters 
1-4 

An assistant quartermaster or an assistant paymaster attached to a military 
organization or post will, if required by the commanding officer, attend weekly 
inspections and reviews and participate in military ceremonies in connection 
with which the presence of an officer of his rank is appropriate. He will only 
be detailed for duty on courts and boards when there are no other officers 
available for such duty. If he be a line officer, he may be required to perform 
duty as officer of the day, but only in an emergency when the number of 
officers available for duty at the post is reduced below two; but he should 
attend such military drills and exercises as in the judgment of the command- 
ing officer will prevent his becoming unfamiliar with these important branches 
of his profession. In general, while the military status of an assistant 
quartermaster or assistant paymaster, of the permanent staff or detailed, or 
whether regular or acting, is to be recognized, he should be relieved from such 
duties and given such freedom of action as will enable him to exercise care 
in the supervision of the property and funds intrusted to him and otherwise 
to efficiently conduct the activities of his office. 



(1-2) 



GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS 1~7 

Post Quartermasters 
1-5 

(1) Detail of. — Post quartermasters are detailed by the Major General Com- 
niendant upon recommendation of the Quartermaster. They will not other- 
wise be detailed, except in an emergency, when a report of the circumstances 
will be made to the Major General Commandant. When practicable, a post 
quartermaster will be detailed for each post or station. 

(2) Accountability. — Post or other quartermasters of a command will be in 
charge of and accountable for and shall receive and issue all Government 
property of the command pertaining to the Quartermaster's Department. 

(3) Duties. — Post quartermasters shall attend to all matters pertaining to 
the Quartermaster's Department. They shall have supervision over men re- 
ceiving compensation as specialists who are assigned to work being performed 
under the Quartermaster's Department. Specialists will be held to such hours 
of labor as may be expedient and necessary, but except in case of urgent public 
necessity, as in military operations, eight hours will be considered a day's 
work. 

(4) At small posts. — At posts where the authorized complement is 100 men, 
or less, and at posts where there is no post quartermaster detailed, all duties 
assigned such officer by this article will be performed by the commanding 
officer. 

Command of Marines on Army Transports 

1-6 

When regularly organized units of the Marine Corps are embarked for trans- 
portation on an Army transport the commanding officer of such units will 
command all members of the Marine Corps on board junior in rank. When 
marines who are not regularly organized as a unit or units are so embarked 
and there is no regularly organized unit on board, the senior line officer of the 
Marine Corps junior to the commanding officer of troops of the Army, or the 
senior line noncommissioned officer in the absence of such a commissioned or 
warrant officer, will command the members of the Marine Corps junior in rank. 

Relations Between Officers and Men 

1-7 

(1) Comradeship and brotherhood. — The World War wrought a great change in 
the relations between officers and enlisted men in the military services. A 
spirit of comradeship and brotherhood in arms came into being in the training 
camps and on the battlefields. This spirit is too fine a thing to be allowed to 
die. It must be fostered and kept alive and made the moving force in all 
Marine Corps organizations. 

(1-3) 



1-7 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

(2) Teacher and scholar. — The relation between officers and enlisted men 
should in no sense be that of superior and inferior nor that of master and 
servant, but rather that of teacher and- scholar. In fact, it should partake of 
the nature of the relation between father and son, to the extent that officers, 
especially commanding officers, are responsible for the physical, mental, and 
moral welfare, as well as the discipline and military training of the young men 
under their command who are serving the nation in the Marine Corps. 

(3) The realization of this responsibility on the part of officers is vital to the 
well-being of the Marine Corps. It is especially so; for the reason that so 
large a proportion of the men enlisting are under twenty-one years of age. 
These men are in the formative period of their lives, and officers owe it to them, 
to their parents, and to the nation, that when discharged from the service they 
should be far better men physically, mentally, and morally than they were when 
they enlisted. 

(4) To accomplish this task successfully a constant effort must be made by all 
officers to fill each day with useful and interesting instruction and wholesome 
entertainment for the men. This effort must, be intelligent and not perfunctory, 
the object being not only to do away with idleness but to train and cultivate 
the bodies, the minds, and the spirit of our men. 

(5) Love of corps and country. — To be more specific, it will be necessary for 
officers not only to devote their close attention to the many questions affecting 
the comfort, health, military training and discipline of the men under their 
command but also actively to promote athletics and to endeavor to enlist the 
interest of their men in building up and maintaining their bodies in the finest 
physical condition ; to encourage them to enroll in the Marine Corps Institute 
and to keep up their studies after enrollment ; and to make every effort by 
means of historical, educational, and patriotic addresses to cultivate in their 
hearts a deep abiding love of the corps and country. 

(6) Leadership. — It must be kept in mind that the American soldier responds 
quickly and readily to the exhibition of qualities of leadership on the part of 
his officers. Some of these qualities are industry, energy, initiative, determi- 
nation, enthusiasm, firmness, kindness, justness, self-control, unselfishness, 
honor, and courage. Every officer should endeavor by all means in his power 
to make himself the possessor of these qualities and thereby to fit himself to be 
a real leader of men. 



Photographs % fi+*~<Mfa*s*J& 
1-8 



Each officer will furnish a photograph of himself for file with his official 
record at Marine Corps Headquarters, ** M. usiLZ )*$tu**to**L >M J*±$Jb»' 



d-4) 



GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS 1-11 

Educational Courses fob Officers 

1-10 

(C. M. C. M. 1) 

(1) Upon appointment a Marine Corps officer will enroll in the Marine Corps 
Institute for a language course in French or Spanish and for a course in book- 
keeping, accounting, and auditing. When an officer has once enrolled he will be 
required to complete the course unless exempted as provided in paragraph (3). 

(2) The time prescribed for the completion of the language course is four 
years and for the course in bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing two years, 
but the time may be extended upon application to the Major General Comman 
dant if an officer becomes due for promotion and is preparing for examination, 
or is taking a course or on duty in any capacity at any school (including cor- 
respondence courses of the Marine Corps schools), or is unable to continue the 
course because of sickness or other legitimate reason. 

(3) A language course or bookkeeping and accounting course may be com- 
pleter! at any time by passing satisfactorily the required examinations upon 
application therefor to the Director, Marine Corps Institute. (C. M. C. M. 2.) 

(4) Officers regularly engaged in the study of the Japanese or Chinese lan- 
guage in accordance with orders of the Major General Commandant will, 
upon application to the Major General Commandant, be granted an extension 
of time for the completion of the Marine Corps Institute language course 
while so engaged. Upon the satisfactory completion of such course in Japanese 
or Chinese an officer will be granted complete exemption from the Marine 
Corps Institute language course upon application therefor to the Major General 
Commandant. (C. M. C. M. 2.) 

(5) Upon completion of the language course or the course in bookkeeping, 
accounting, and auditing, the director of the institute will inform the Major 
General Commandant in order that a notation may be entered in the officer's 
record. 

(6) Correspondence about enrollments and information concerning the 
courses will be addressed to the director of the Marine Corps Institute. 

LETTERS OF COMMENDATION 
1-11 

(1) Letters of commendation will be issued only for exceptional performance 
of duty beyond and above that which is required and expected of an excellent 
officer of high attainment and principle, and will be issued only by general 
officers and those who command brigades or equivalent organizations on 
separate duty. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(2) Officers will not issue letters of commendation to those on whom they 
make fitness reports, but will include appropriate remarks in such reports. 
Subordinate officers who desire to have others officially commended will make 
appropriate recommendations to those charged with making fitness reports or 
authorized to issue lettters of commendation, as the case may be, (C, M. C. M. 1. ) 



1-16 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

1-16 

Navy transport regulations. — P.-ini; graphs 50 to 76, inclusive, of " Instructions for 
Vessels of the Naval Transportation Service," issued December 5, 1925, are 
quoted for the information and guidance of officers of the Marine Corps : 

" Marine passengers embarked on naval transports 

" 50. The .senior line officer of the Marine Corps in command of detachments 
of marines will assume command of all marine detachments on hoard, with the 
title of ' commanding officer of troops.' 

" 51. All Marine officers taking passage on a naval transport, not attached 
to a detachment, junior to the commanding officer of troops, will report to him 
for duty. Marine officers senior to the commanding officer of troops will 
have the status of casual officers and will not be called upon for duty with 
troops. 

" 52. In cases where the marines are embarked not as a military unit, but 
merely as passengers, the senior line officer among the Marine-officer passen- 
gers will take charge of all marines on board and will organize them as a 
detachment. He will be commanding officer of troops and will be governed 
by the instructions contained herein. 

" 58. In case there is no Marine officer on board, the senior noncommissioned 
officer of the lino will perfqrm the duties of the commanding officer of troops. 

" Commanding offlcer of troops 

" 54. He shall detail a suitable guard and will cause to be posted such 
sentries and orderlies as may be found desirable after consultation with and 
approval of the commanding officer of the ship. 

"55. He shall designate daily an officer of the guard, whose duties shall be 
as follows : 

"(a) He shall be responsible for the execution of all orders promulgated by 
the commanding officer of troops. 

"(70 He shall accompany the commanding officer of troops on his daily 
inspection of the living quarters and other spaces occupied by the marines. 

"(c) He shall report to the executive officer of the ship at 8 p. m. each day 
to receive any special instructions. 

" 56. He shall be responsible for the cleanliness and sanitary condition of 
all compartments or spaces occupied by the marines. 

" 57. He shall detail sufficient cooks, helpers, and messmen, in order that the 
rood for the detachments may be properly prepared and served. 

"58. He shall inspect daily the quarters occupied by the marines, including 
living spaces, wash rooms, toilets, etc. 

"59. He will, if the detachment is large, detail a mess officer, who will be 
charged with all matters pertaining to the marines' mess. In case a mess officer 
is not detailed, this duty will be performed by the officer of the guard. 

" 60. He shall be responsible for the arms, accouterment, and clothing 
belonging to all detachments embarked, and shall report to the commanding 

(l-4b) 



GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS 1-16 

officer of the ship all cases of loss or damage to marine equipment, in order 
that responsibility may be fixed. 

"61. He shall, after approval of the commanding officer of the ship, specify 
the times for daily muster and inspection, drills and exercises on board, landing 
for marching exercises ashore, scrubbing of clothes bags and hammocks, airing 
of bedding, and all similar routine drills and inspections. 

"02. He shall be present at ship's mast when cases involving marines are 
under investigation, in order that he may advise the commanding officer of the 
ship. 

"63. He shall accompany the commanding officer of the ship on his weekly 
inspection of those parts of the ship assigned to the marine detachments. 

" 64. He shall prepare liberty lists for the marine detachments and submit 
same to the commanding officer of the ship for his approval. 

•• Commanding officer of the transport 

'• 65. He shall assign Marine officers to passenger staterooms in accordance 
with rank and desirability of Quarters, and. in consultation with the command- 
ing officer of the troops, will plan the berthing of troops. 

" 66. He shall, after consultation with the commanding officer of troops, cause 
to be prepared for each marine on board, as soon as possible after arrival, a 
card giving his billet, mess, and emergency stations. 

" 67. He shall designate the localities where the different units of the marine 
detachments will habitually fall in for muster and other military formations. 

u 68. He shall require the senior medical officer of the ship to follow the 
procedure outlined in the United States Navy Regulations when troops are 
embarked for passage. 

" G9. He shall consult the commanding officer of troops before prescribing 
the uniform of the day for the marines. 

•' 70. He shall, in ordering summary or deck courts upon enlisted men of the 
Marine Corps, place upon the courts Marine Corps officers if practicable. 

"71. He may order Marine Corps officers on courts for the trial of enlisted 
men of the Navy when naval officers of sufficient rank and experience are not 
available. 

" General 

" 72. Marines on board ship shall conform to the discipline of the ship. The 
relative authority of the commanding officer of the ship and the commanding 
officer of the marines attached to or taking passage on a naval vessel are 
explicitly set forth in the United States Navy Regulations and will govern 
in all cases. 

" 73. Marine cargo and equipment belonging to the marine detachments will 
be loaded and stowed by the Navy personnel, aided by details from the marine 
detachments embarked. 

" 74. The commanding officer of the transport shall be informed sufficiently 
far enough in advance of the time of arrival of the different detachments of 

(He) 



1-16 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

marines in order that all necessary arrangements may be made for their 
reception. 

" 75. Marine detachments shall take part in all ship emergency drills. These 
drills include general, fire, and collision quarters, and abandon ship. 

" 76. Marine detachments embarked on transports for passage will not, ex- 
cept in emergency, be used for such ship duties as coaling or painting ship, 
chipping, calking, or any other preservative work." (O. M. C. M. 1.) 



U 4d) 



GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS 1-17 

Leaves of Absence for Officers 

1-17 

(C. M. C. M. 4) 

(1) The following are authorized, subject to such restrictions as may be 
imposed by higher authority, to grant leaves of absence of one month or less 
per fiscal year: 

(<?■) Commanding officers: Department of the Pacific; marine barracks, Quan- 
tico, Va. ; marine barracks, Parris Island, S. C. ; and Marine Corps base, naval 
operating base, San Diego, Calif. 

(&) Commanding officers of the Navy who are authorized to grant similar 
leave to naval officers. 

(c) Commanding officers of brigades and officers higher in command serving 
outside the continental United States. 

(d) Officers designated by the Major General Commandant. 

(2) The granting of leave of absence by officers in charge of recruiting 
divisions is governed by article 2-43. 

(3) Officers requesting leave will state in their applications the leave, if any, 
they have had during the current fiscal year. 

(4) When an officer is granted more than 15 days' leave of absence, a copy 
of the request and approval, showing the leave address, will be forwarded to 
the Major General Commandant by the officer granting the leave. When an 
officer on duty on a foreign station is granted leave with permission to visit 
rhe United States, report of such leave, together with probable date of arrival 
iu United States and address while on leave, will be sent by dispatch to the 
Major General Commandant by the officer granting the leave. 

(5) All leave of absence taken will be reported to the Major General Com- 
mandant on Form N. M. C. 730 by the officer taking the leave and will be 
entered on the muster roll. 

(6) Leaves of . absence will include travel time, except as provided by article 
1727 (2), Navy Regulations. 

(7) Leave of absence is not sufficient authority for absence of a member 
or judge advocate from general court-martial duty, and relief should be effected 
before the officer departs on leave. In forwarding to the Major General Com- 
mandant requests for leave for such officers, suitable nominations for reliefs 
should be made. 



d-4e) 



1-18 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

Permission to Leave the United States 

1-18 

(1) Officers authorized to grant leave of absence to officers or furlough to 
enlisted men are also authorized to grant permission to visit Canada and 
Mex'co while on such leave or furlough. Permission to leave the United States 
to visit other countries will be granted only by the Major General Commandant. 
(C. M. C. M. 5.) 

(2) In cases where officers and enlisted men desire to visit Canada in uni- 
form it is necessary that arrangements be made in advance with the Canadian 
department of immigration and colon"zation. In such cases officers granting 
permission to visit Canada will request the commandant of the first, third, 
fourth, ninth, or thirteenth naval district, through which entry will be made, 
to arrange with the proper Canadian officials for entry :n uniform. This pro- 
cedure does not apply to the personnel of naval vessels visiting Canadian 
ports. (C. M. C. M. 5.) 

Report of Dependents Entitled to Transportation 

1-19 

(1) All officers and warrant officers and all noncommissioned officers above 
the rank of sergeant who have dependents for whom transportation will be 
required upon change of station will keep the Major General Commandant 
informed at all times of the names and relationship of such dependents. In 
the cases of children the sexes and dates of birth will be stated. (C. M. C. M. 5.) 

(2) Commanding officers will see that noncommissioned officers of their 
commands make these reports as required. (C. M. C. M. 5.) 



(14f) 



GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS 1~23 

Sect/on 2.— ENLISTED MEN 
General 

1-21 

Grades. — The eu listed grades of tlie Marine Corps are grouped, for pay pur- 
poses, as follows: 

First grade — 

Sergeants major. 

Quartermaster sergeants. "7*-* 

Master technical sergeant s. &*■)■ r>+M*&S /&* 
Second grade — 
♦First sergeants. 

Gunnery sergeants. 

Supply sergeants. 

Drum majors. 
Third grade — 

Staff sergeants. 
Fourth grade — 

Sergeants. 
Fifth grade- 
Corporals. 
Sixth grade — 

Privates, first class. 
Seventh grade — 

Drummers. 

Trumpeters. 

Privates. 

1-22 

Next of kin. — Whenever a man is seriously injured or becomes dangerously ill 
special effort will be made to ascertain the name and address of his next of kin. 

1-23 

(1) Employment as servants. — Article 553, U. S. Navy Regulations, provides 
that : " Under no circumstances shall any enlisted man be employed as a 
servant." 

(2) At all marine barracks and Marine Corps posts and offices within and 
without the continental limits of the United States this regulation will be 
interpreted to have the following meaning, viz : 

(a) No enlisted man will be employed by officers to perform any duty which 
in civil life is performed by a man or woman employed as a servant. 

(fc) Enlisted men will not be employed as chauffeurs of privately owned 
automobiles. 

(1-5) 



1-23 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

(c) Enlisted men may be used to deliver horses to officers' quarters and to 
call for same. 

(d) Coal, and wood of desired lengths, commissary and other supplies will 
be delivered to quarters of officers and enlisted men. 

(e) Firemen will be detailed to care for the heating plants of public quarters, 
not more than one man to be employed for each five sets of quarters. These 
men will perform their duties under the post quartermaster and will not be 
requested or ordered to perform any work in or around the quarters by officers 
occupying the quarters or by any members of their families. 

(f) Officers entitled to rental allowance will not be allowed the services of 
an enlisted man in their quarters in any capacity. 

(g) The necessary repairs to, and upkeep of, public quarters will be made 
by the quartermaster's department. 

(h) Only those officers commanding administrative units will be entitled to 
orderlies ; such orderlies will be used for official purposes only in connection 
with the official duties of the officers concerned. 

(i) Subparagraph (h) is not intended to apply to general officers occupying 
public quarters, except in so far as it provides that orderlies assigned to gen- 
eral officers will not be used as servants. 

1-24 

(1) Engaging in business. — Hereafter no enlisted man in the active service of 
the United States in the Army, Navy, and Marine Corps, respectively, whether 
a noncommissioned officer, musician, or private, shall be detailed, ordered, or 
permitted to leave his post to engage in any pursuit, business, or perform- 
ance in civil life for emolument, hire, or otherwise, when the same shall inter- 
fere with the customary employment and regular engagement of local civilians 
in their respective arts, trades, or professions. (Act of June 3, 1916 — 39 S. 188.) 

(2) Post and regimental bands, or members thereof, shall not receive remunera- 
tion for furnishing music outside the limits of their respective commands when 
the furnishing of such music places them in competition with local civilian 
musicians. 

1-25 

In acknowledging verbal orders or instructions enlisted men will use tlie expres- 
sion "Aye, aye, sir." 

1-26 

Hair cuts. — Enlisted men will, at all times, wear their hair neatly and closely 
trimmed. The hair may be clipped at the edges of the sides and back, but 
must be so trimmed as to present an evenly graduated appearance, and must 
not be over 2 inches in length on top of the head and above the forehead. The 
back of the neck must not be shaved. 

(1-6) 



GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS , 1—31 

1-27 

Quartermaster sergeants (Quartermaster's Department) •■'will be detailed for duty 
upon the recommendation of the Quartermaster, according to the strength of 
the command. They will be mustered in the office of the organization quarter- 
master and perform their duties under his direction. They will be assigned 
such duties as the organization quartermaster may deem for the best in- 
terests of his department ; these duties should, however, be changed from time 
to time in order that quartermaster sergeants* may be familiar with all the 
duties pertaining to their rank. They will not, except in cases of emergency, 
be required to perform any duty outside of the Quartermaster's Depart- 
ment. Other enlisted men may, if necessary, be detailed to assist the organiza- 
tion quartermaster. 

J h&teuiiustur avryean t s ^{Pay Dyyui tm t itl } will not, except in cases of emer- 
gency, be required to perform any duty not connected with the Paymaster's 
Department. 

Mess Stewards, Messmen, Cooks and Bakers 

1-29 

Mess stewards. — Where- o rgan i g a&ons or detachments are merged into a gen- 
eral mess or where there is no company organization, additional compensation 
may be given a mess steward, one for each general mess. Mess stewards shall 
be detailed from the grade of sergeant or below. The detail of an enlisted man 
in the dual capacity of commissary sergeant and mess steward is prohibited. 

1-30 

Messmen, not exceeding 1 for every 20 men, shall be detailed from the grades 
of private and private first class. Under no circumstances shall noncommis- 
sioned officers be so detailed. Enlisted men of the Marine Corps detailed as 
messmen afloat are entitled to the same extra compensation for service with 
crew messes as is allowed enlisted men of the Navy under like circumstances. 

1-31 

(1) Cooks shall invariably be detailed from the grades of private and private 
first class ; and in no case shall men receiving extra compensation as such be 



(1-7) 



1-31 



MARINE CORPS MANUAL 



detailed on or receive additional pay for any other special duty, 
cooks the following apportionment shall be observed : 



In detailing 



Number of men 



Cooks, 
first 



50 men or under, serving separately and not detached from regular 
organization! 

51 to 75 men, serving separately as above 1 

Less than 75 men, serving as a company . 

76 to 150 men, serving as a company. ..^ 

151 to 200 men, serving as a company .. . 

When over 200 men are serving as a company the garrison allowance ; 
will apply 

100 men or less, serving in garrison ! 

101 to 200 men, serving in garrison i 

201 to 300 men, serving in garrison 2 j 

301 to 400 men, serving in garrison 2 ! 

401 to 500 men, serving in garrison 2 

501 to 600 men, serving in garrison 2 ! 

601 to 700 men, serving in garrison 2 . 

701 to 800 men, serving in garrison 2 

801 to 900 men, serving in garrison 2 

901 to 1,000 men, serving in garrison 2 ... 

1,001 to 1,100 men, serving in garrison 2 

1,101 to 1,200 men, serving in garrison 2 

1,201 to 1,300 men, serving in garrison 2 j 

1,301 to 1,400 men, serving in garrison 2 j 

1,401 to 1,500 men, serving in garrison 2 

1,501 to 1,600 men, serving in garrison 2 

1,601 to 1,700 men, serving :n garrison 2 

1,701 to 1,800 men, serving in garrison 2 ... 

For each additional hundred men over 1,800 



Cooks, 
second 



Cooks, 
third 
class 



l 

I 

• 



Cooks, 
fourth 



1 Part of garrison or company which, owing to nature of duties performed, makes it impracticable to mess 
with their regular organization, but are required to maintain a separate and distinct mess. 

2 Except where there are two or more distinct messes, when cooks shall be allowed as indicated above. 

(2) Commanding officers of ships are authorized to assign privates or pri- 
vates, first class, to duty as cooks. 

1-32 

Bakers. — At places where bread is baked the allowance of additional cooks as 
bakers shall be as follows: 



Number of men 


Cooks, 
first 
class 


Cooks, 

second 

class 


Cooks, 
third 
class 


Cooks, 
fourth 
class 


1. 100 men or less 


1 
1 








2. 101 to 300 men ■_ 






1 


3. 301 to 1,000 men 


1 


1 


r 

2 




4. 1,001 to 1,500 men 


I 

2 
2 
1 


2 
2 

2 
2 


j 


5. 1,501 to 2,000 men 


2 


6. 2,001 to 2,500 men 


3 


7. 2,501 to 3,000 men 


3 


8. For each 1,000 men additional... 


1 







(1-8) 



GENEBAL INSTRUCTIONS 



1-35 



1-33 

Details. — At regularly established posts and other shore stations all details 
as in«i iitnunrrT- cooks, and messmen shall be made on the 1st day of the 
month; and the number detailed shall be based on the ration strength of the 
command on that date. No further detai.1 of cooks or messmen will be per- 
mitted on intermediate days of the month, except to fill a vacancy caused by 
sickness, confinement, promotion, transfer, discharge, death, or desertion, or 
where the ration strength of the command is increased by 25 per cent of the 
number as shown on the 1st day of the month, nor thereafter except upon a 
like increase. For all commands whose ration strength on the 1st day of the 
month is more than 400 there will be allowed additional details of cooks and 
messmen for each 100 increase in ration strength during the month. 

Signalmen 



1-34 



Rescinded. (C. M. C. M. 4.) 



Specialists 
1-35 

(1) Authority to rate. — Commanding officers are authorized to rate privates 
and privates, first class, as specialists, in numbers and ratings not to exceed 
the allowance prescribed for their respective commands, except that in com- 
puting such allowance for any class of specialists a result including 50 per 
cent or more of one will be taken to allow the next higher whole number; 
thus a command having an authorized strength of 50 privates and privates, 
first class, and an authorized allowance of third-class specialists of 1 per cent 
of such strength would be allowed one third-class specialist. Cooks, bakers, 
and messmen will not be rated as specialists. 

(2) Regular allowances. — The allowance for a marine barracks or post (not 
including marine detachments), which does not have a special allowance, will 
not exceed the following percentages of the total authorized strength of pri- 
vates and privates, first class : 



Organizations 


Class of specialists 


Third 


Fourth 


Fifth 


Posts in the United States 


Per cent 
1.0 
1.0 


Per cent 
2.0 
1.5 


Per cent 
1.0 


Posts outside the United States 


1.0 







d-9) 



1-35 



MARINE CORPS MANUAL 



(3) Special allowances. — The allowance for the following organizations will 
not exceed the following percentages of the total authorized strength of pri- 
vates and privates first class: 



Organization 



Class of specialists 



Third 


Fourth 


Per cent Per cent 


1.0 


2.0 


2.0 


2.0 


1.5 


2.0 


.0 


2.5 


1.5 


3.0 


1.0 


1.5 


1.5 


3.8 


1.5 


3.0 


6.0 


7.0 


.5 


1.0 


.7 


2.5 


.7 


3.0 


1.0 


2.0 


1.5 


3.0 


.5 


1.0 



Marine barracks, Guam 

Marine barracks, naval air station, Lakehurst, N. J. _ 

Marine barracks, Mare Island, Calif. 

Marine barracks, Norfolk, Va . 

Marine barracks, Parris Island, S. C. (excluding recruits from authorized 

strength).. 

Marine baracks, naval operating base, Pearl Harbor, Hawaii (plus 1 specialist, 

fourth class) 

Marine detachment, Peking, China, 6 specialists, third class, 11 specialists, 

fourth class. 

Marine barracks, Quantico, Va., First Regiment 

Ninety-fifth Company (gas); Antiaircraft Company; light tank platoon; and the 

Service Company, Medical Battalion 

Marine Corps schools 

Fifth Regiment 

Tenth Regiment 

Signal Battalion and Engineer Battalion 

First Brigade, Haiti (excluding Garde d'Haiti from authorized strength) 

Marine Corps base, San Diego, Calif, (excluding Fourth Regiment and recruits 

from authorized strength) 

Fourth Regiment 

Engineer Company, Marine Corps base, San Diego, Calif., 1 specialist, third 

class, 1 specialist, fourth class, 1 specialist, fifth class 
Assistant paymaster, San Diego, Calif., 2 specialists, third class, 1 specialist, 

fourth class. 



Per 



cent 
2.0 
2.0 
2.0 
5.0 

4.0 

1.0 



4.0 

4.0 
8.0 
2.0 
2.5 
3.0 
2.0 

4.0 
2.0 



(C. M. C. M. 4.) 

(4) For Marine Corps aviation there is authorized an allowance of not to 
exceed the following percentages of the total authorized strength of privates 
and privates first class; such allowances not to be charged to the allowances 
authorized for any command to which aviation units may be attached, but to 
be exclusive of and in addition thereto : 

Per cent 

Third-class specialists 7 

Fourth-class specialists 5 

Fifth-class specialists 3 

The total allowance for Marine Corps aviation shall be allotted to the 
various aviation units as directed by the officer in charge of Marine Corps 
aviation, and the commanding officers of such units are authorized to rate 
specialists within such allotments, subject to instructions from the officer in 
charge of Marine Corps aviation. 

(5) Bands.— For commands which have post or regimental bands authorized 
by the Major General Commandant the allowance of specialists will be increased 
by the number and ratings of specialists allowed for such bands. Enlisted 
men of the grades of private first class, private, drummer, and trumpeter who 
are assigned to duty with Marine Corps bands, except the Marine Band, may 
be rated as specialists. In cases of men who were enlisted for band duty 
only, the rating as specialists will continue in force during a period of transfer 



(1-10) 



GENEBAL INSTBUCTIONS 



1-35 



from one command to another. Upon joining a new station the commanding 
officer thereof will immediately revoke their ratings as specialists or redetail 
them as such. On pay rolls, vouchers, and statements closing accounts for 
discharge the designation " (bandsman) " will invariably be shown immediately 
following the rank of the man concerned. (C. M. C. M. 1, 2, and 3.) 

(6) Headquarters and staff offices. — All privates or privates first class detailed 
a3 clerks and messengers for duty at Headquarters, Marine Corps, Head- 
quarters, Department of the Pacific, and in other staff offices within the 
United States, by the Major General Commandant or department commanders, 
will when so detailed thereby become entitled to the rating of specialist, 
third class, if detailed as clerks, and specialist, fourth class, if detailed as 
messengers. 

(7) New commands. — Whenever a new command is organized, it will be as- 
signed an allowance of specialists by the Major General Commandant unless 
such command is included within the terms of this article. 

(8) Rating. — Commanding officers will personally control the policy of rating 
men of their commands as specialists within the authorized allowances, to the 
end that only men who are in fact competent specialists shall receive extra 
compensation. The extra compensation is not to be granted simply because 
men are detailed for special duties, but will be given only where the men are 
especially competent to perform the duties assigned. 

(9) First and second c/ass speciafists. — In exceptional cases, where the Gov- 
ernment would be manifestly benefited by the rating of a private or private 
first class as a specialist of the first or the second class, the Major General 
Commandant may authorize particular men to be so rated. In recommending 
such a rating for any man the commanding officer will state the specific reasons 
why he believes it would be to the advantage of the Government in the par- 
ticular case. 

(10) Range armorers. — In addition to the allowances prescribed in paragraphs 
(2) and (3) a private or private first class, who is a graduate of the Marine 
Corps Armorers' School and detailed by the Major General Commandant as 
range armorer or assistant range armorer at one of the below-listed posts or 
stations, will when so detailed become entitled to the rating of specialist, third 
class, if detailed as range armorer, and specialist, fourth class, if detailed as 
assistant range armorer : 

Marine barracks, Parris Island, S. C. 

Marine Corps base, naval operating base, San Diego, Calif. 

Marine barracks, Quantico, Va. 

First Brigade, Haiti. 

Marine detachment, American Legation, Peking, China. (C. M. C. M. 4.) 

(11) Aviation armorers. — In addition to the allowances prescribed in para* 
graph (4), a private or private first class, who is a graduate of an armorers' 
school of the Army, Navy, or Marine Corps, and who is detailed to duty in 
connection with the care, preservation, and maintenance of aircraft armament, 
will when so detailed become entitled to the rating of specialist, fourth class. 
(C. M. C. M. 4.) 



d-11) 



1-36 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

Post and Regimental Bands 

1-36 

The complements of post and regimental bands and the assignment of spe- 
cialist ratings therein are as follows: 

POST BANDS 

First sergeant, leader 1 

Gunnery sergeant, second leader 1 

Privates, privates first class, drummers, and trumpeters: 

Specialists, second class 7 

Specialists, third class 12 

Specialists, fourth class 8 

Specialists, fifth class 20 

47 

49 

REGIMENTAL BANDS 

First sergeant, leader 1 

Sergeant, second leader 1 

Privates, privates first class, drummers, and trumpeters: 

Specialists, second class 4 

Specialists, third class. 6 

Specialists, fourth class 4 

Specialists, fifth class 12 

26 

28 

Marbied Men 

1-37 

(1) The mission of the Marine Corps requires that its personnel serve ashore 
or afloat in any part of the world, and that therefore its members be subject 
to frequent and often unexpected transfer from one duty to another, regardless 
of family circumstances. Men who marry must take these conditions into 
consideration and govern themselves accordingly. 

(2) The law recognizes the families of noncommissioned officers of the first 
three pay grades by providing for their transportation upon change of station, 
and it is the intention to give consideration to the married status of these men 
as far as the circumstances of the service may permit. However, the public 
interests require that the discharge of ofiicial duty and responsibility be the 
first consideration, and these men must not expect exemption from duty or 
transfer because of the necessities of their families. 



d-12) 



GENEKAL INSTRUCTIONS 1~38 

(3) All unmarried enlisted men of whatever rank must be quartered in- bar- 
racks at their station of duty, where barracks are available. Married men of 
the first three pay grades will be assigned to suitable married quarters, where 
such are available, but the number and quality of married quarters vary at 
different posts, and men must not expect to be assigned similar quarters upon 
transfer. At posts where all of the suitable married quarters are assigned to 
noncommissioned officers of the first three pay grades, quarters allowance may 
be paid to the remaining married noncommissioned officers of these grades, who 
live with their families in the vicinity of the post. Married quarters or 
quarters allowance will not be furnished to those men whose families do not 
live with them ; such men will be classed for purposes of quarters as unmarried. 
No quarters or subsistence allowances can be paid men who are on sea duty. 

(4) Men in the fourth, fifth, sixth, and seventh pay grades manifestly do 
not receive sufficient compensation to provide support for families. Proper 
administration and discipline require that they live with the troops except 
when on detached duty, and no provision is made at posts for the families of 
such as are married. Approval of marriage of men of these grades will not be 
given, and authority for their reenlistment, or extension of enlistment, will not 
be granted except for those on detached duty, and for sergeants married before 
October 1, 1925. Men of these pay grades who marry must do so with a full 
knowledge of their status and be prepared to accept the consequences to them- 
selves and to their families. (C. M. C. M. 2.) 

(5) Married men will be subject to assignment and transfer on the same 
basis as other men and must take such contingencies into consideration in 
making provision for their families. 

Furlough foe Enlisted Men 

1-38 

(C. M. C. M. 4) 

(1) Furloughs not to exceed a total of 30 days in an enlistment year may 
be granted by the following, subject to such restrictions as may be imposed 
by higher authority : 

Commanding officers of brigades and officers higher in command, serving out- 
side the continental United States; commanding general Department of the 
Pacific ; commanding officers of marine barracks, bases, and staff offices ; other 
officers designated by the Major General Commandant. 

(2) Commanding officers of ships may grant the same furloughs to enlisted 
men of the Marine Corps that they are authorized to grant to enlisted men of 
the Navy. 

(3) Furlough upon reenlistment is governed by article 2-50 and will be 
counted in the total of furloughs for the first year of a reenlistment. 

(4) Furloughs include travel time, except that if a man is on duty on a 
foreign station, and is granted furlough for the purpose of visiting the United 



U-13) 



1-38 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

States, his furlough begins from the date of his arrival therein and expires 
on the date of his departure therefrom. 

(5) Furloughs will be entered in service-record books and on muster rolls. 

Section 3.— MISCELLANEOUS 

Department of the Pacific 

1-51 

(1) Limits. — Under article 631, Navy Regulations, the Department of the 
Pacific will include all posts, detachments, depots, offices, and other organiza- 
tions of the Marine Corps (except the recruiting service and detachments 
afloat) on the Pacific coast of the United States and those in the Hawaiian 
Islands and Guam. 

(2) Command. — The departmental commander will, under the direction of 
the Major General Commandant, command all marines and reservists included 
in the department in so far as the command is not reserved by law or regula- 
tion to other authority. 

(3) The staff of the departmental commander will consist of the assistant 
adjutant and inspector, the assistant quartermaster, and the assistant pay- 
master, stationed at San Francisco, Calif., and of such other officers as may be 
ordered to report to the departmental commander for duty on the staff. 

(4) Next in command. — During the absence or disability of the departmental 
commander, or in case of a vacancy, the assistant adjutant and inspector on 
the staff will perform the duties of the office, unless or until another officer is 
ordered by the Major General Commandant to perform them. 

(5) Duties. — The departmental commander will maintain the strength of the 
posts, detachments, offices, and other organizations included within the depart- 
ment, by transfer of officers and men, in accordance with the necessities of the 
service, and with the general and special instructions issued by the Major Gen- 
eral Commandant, and will transfer enlisted men to the recruiting service, 
western division, to detachments afloat upon application of commanding of- 
ficers to fill vacancies in authorized complements, and from detachments afloat 
upon application of commanding officers in cases of undesirables, and may effect 
mutual transfers of individuals between ships of the Pacific Fleet and shore 
stations in the department when applications are submitted through proper 
channels. 

(6) Promotion and reduction. — The departmental commander will, within the 
department, appoint and reduce noncommissioned officers (except as provided 
in article 555, Navy Regulations) in accordance with the necessities of the 
service and pursuant to article 6-22, Marine Corps Manual, and the general 
and special instructions of the Major General Commandant. 

(7) Discharges. — The departmental commander will, within the department, 
issue the necessary orders and prepare discharge certificates for the discharge 
of enlisted men (a) upon expiration of enlistment, (6) for undesirability, in- 



(1-14) 



GENEEAL INSTRUCTIONS 1~52 

aptitude, or unfitness, (c) for physical or mental disability (disability to be 
determined by a board of medical survey), or (d) in pursuance of a sentence 
of a court-martial, all in accordance with established policy and general and 
special instructions issued by the Major General Commandant. He will also 
award good-conduct insignia. 

EXPEDITIONABY FORCES AT SAN DlEGO, CALIF. 

1-^52 

(1) Marine Corps Expeditionary Forces. — The organized units of the Marine 
Corps Expeditionary Forces of the Department of the Pacific shall be stationed 
at the Marine Corps base, naval operating base, San Diego, Calif. 

(2) Extent of command. — The senior line officer of the Marine Corps on duty 
at the naval operating base shall command all Marine Corps officers and en- 
listed men and all Marine Corps organizations attached to and serving at the 
naval operating base, San Diego, Calif., and shall exercise, subject to superior 



(l-14a) 



GENEBAL INSTRUCTIONS 1-55 

authority, full military authority over the units of his command ; but he shall 
not direct or be responsible for the administration of such units and detach- 
ments of his command as may be attached to any of the various naval ad- 
ministrative establishments of the naval base. He shall, however, be kept 
informed of the military training, the discipline and condition of the Marine 
Corps units attached to such establishments, and shall make such inspections 
from time to time as may be necessary to keep him acquainted with the condi- 
tion of all parts of his command. 

(3) Correspondence shall be routed through the commanding officer of the 
establishment concerned. 

Birthday of the Marine Qor?s 

1-55 

The following will be read to the command on the 10th of November of every 
year : 

(1) On November 10, 1775, a Corps of Marines was created by a resolution of 
the Continental Congress. Since that date many thousand men have borne the 
name Marine. In memory of them it is fitting that we who are marines should 
commemorate the birthday of our corps by calling to mind the glories of its 
long and illustrious history. 

(2) The record of our corps is one which will bear comparison with that of 
the most famous military organizations In the world's history. During 90 of 
the 146 years of its existence the Marine Corps has been in action against the 
Nation's foes. From the Battle of Trenton to the Argonne, marines have won 
foremost honors in war. and in the long eras of tranquility at home genera 
tion after generation of marines have grown gray in war in both hemispheres, 
and in every corner of the seven seas that our country and its citizens might 
enjoy peace and security. 

(3) In every battle and skirmish since the birth of our corps marines have 
acquitted themselves with the greatest distinction, winning new honors on 
each occasion until the term marine has come to signify all that is highest in 
military efficiency and soldierly virtue. 

(4) This high name of distinction and soldierly repute we who are marines 
to-day have received from those who preceded us in the corps. With it we 
also received from them the eternal spirit which has animated our corps from 
generation to generation and has been the distinguishing mark of the marines 
in every age. So long as that spirit continues to flourish marines will be 
found equal to every emergency in the future as they have been in the past, 
and the men of our Nation will regard us as worthy successors to the long 
line of illustrious men who have served as " Soldiers of the Sea " since the 
founding of the corps. (M. C. O. 47, November 1, 1921.) * 



(1-15) 



1-56 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

Flags 
1-56 

The following flags, pennants, guidons, and signs are authorized for use in 
the Marine Corps: 
Flags— 

Marine Corps standard, silk, with staff. 

National colors, silk, with staff. 

Regimental, silk, with staff. 

Garrison, bunting. 

Post, bunting. 

Storm, bunting. 

Recruiting, "<*&§£hunting. 

Major general, Nos. 2 and 4, bunting, with staff. 

Brigadier general, Nos. 2 and 4, bunting, with staff. 

Boat, major general, bunting, with staff. 

Boat, brigadier general, bunting, with staff. 

Hospital, field, bunting. 

Quarantine, field hospital, bunting. 

Sanitary, cordon, bunting, with staff. 

Signal, red, 2-foot, with staff. 

Signal, white, 2-foot, with staff. 

Signal, red, 4-foot, with staff. 

Signal, white, 4-foot, with staff. 

Semaphore, bunting, with staff. 
Pennants — 

Brigade, large, bunting. 

Brigade, small, bunting. 

Post commander, boat, bunting, with staff. 

Quartermaster's supply depot and train, bunting. 
Guidons — 

Silk, with staff. 

Ambulance and dressing station, bunting, with staff. 
Signs — 

Automobile, major general. 

Automobile, brigadier general. 

Marine Corps Colors 

1-57 

(1) Gold«and scarlet are the oflicial colors of the Marine Corps. 

(2) All guidons, banners, athletic ribbons, pennants, and other articles 
ordinarily designed to represent the Marine Corps colors, will be made accord- 
ingly. 

(1-18) 



GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS 1~59 

(3) Articles in Marine Corps colors carried by post exchanges will conform 
to the designated colors, the gold approximating as nearly as possible that in 
the regulation noncommissioned officers' chevrons. 

Identification Tags 

^1) Two identiflcatioii' tags will be issued Jo each officer and enlisted man 
of the Marine Corps, to be worn when engaged in field service. One tag will 
be suspended from the neck underneath the clothing by a cord or thong passed 
through the small hole in the tag, the second tag to be suspended from the first 
one by a short piece of string or tape. These tags are prescribed as a part of 
the uniform, and when not worn as directed herein will be habitually kept in 
the possession of the owner. When not worn they will be regarded as part of 
the field kit and will be regularly inspected. 

(2) In order to secure the proper interment of those who fall in battle, and 
to establish beyond a doubt their identity, should it become desirable subse- 
quently to disinter the remains for removal to a national or post cemetery or 
for shipment home, the identification tag suspended from the neck of the officer 
or enlisted man will in all cases be interred with the body. The duplicate 
tag attached thereto will be removed at the time of burial and turned over to 
the surgeon or person in charge of the burial, from which a record of same, 
together with the cause and date of death, shall be made and reported to the 
commanding officer. 

(3) These tags will be stamped as follows: Officers, full name and rank at 
date of issue ; enlisted men, full name and date of first enlistment in the Marine 
Corps, the tags of both officers and enlisted men to have the letters " TJ. S. M. C." 
plainly stamped thereon. 

(4) Tags for men enlisting will be stamped and issued at the recruit depots, 
except in the case of reenlisted men who have not previously been supplied with 
them. In such cases tags will be stamped and issued at the posts to which the 
men are transferred. 

(5) The original issue of tags and tape will be made gratuitously, but issues 
made to replace those lost will be checked against the man's pay account. 

(6) The Secretary of the Navy has authorized the use of the Marine Corps 
identification tag until the exhaustion of the present supply, after which the tag 
prescribed in the Navy Regulations will be used. 

Change of name and date and Place of Birth 

1-59 

(1) Change of name will be made on the records only upon application there- 
for by the interested person, accompanied by a certified copy of the court 
order, or other evidence satisfactory to Headquarters, showing that he has 
obtained legal sanction for such change. 

(1-17) 



1-59 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

(2) Correction of name, where the true name is not borne on the records, will 
be made upon application therefor by the interested person, reciting the facts 
under oath, and furnishing a birth or baptismal certificate, together with 
the affidavits of two or more disinterested persons to the effect that they 

know the person serving in the Marine Corps under the name of 

to be the identical person whose true name is . 

(3) The date and place of birth may be corrected upon application therefor by 
the interested person and the presentation of a birth or baptismal certificate ; 
or, if such certificate is unobtainable, then by the affidavit of the attending 
physician or nurse or other persons having personal knowledge of the facts. 

Assistance for Ex-Service Men in Their Relations with the Veterans' 

Bureau 

1-60 

(1) It is the purpose of Marine Corps Headquarters, acting through its 
available personnel, to assist ex-service men in every possible way in securing 
contact with the Veterans' Bureau, thus enabling them without delay to renew 
or convert their insurance, to secure medical or dental treatment, hospitaliza- 
tion, or vocational training, or to present their claims for compensation. 

(2) The obligation is imposed upon all post commanders and recruiting offi- 
cers of the Marine Corps to aid their less fortunate comrades. Such officers 
Will familiarize themselves with the orders and circulars relating to the 
Veterans' Bureau, in so far as these instructions refer to renewal or conversion 
of insurance, compensation, medical or dental treatment, hospitalization and 
vocational training, so that intelligent assistance and advice may be afforded 
ox-service men in regard to their relations with the bureau. 

(3) The officers mentioned will obtain direct from the Veterans' Bureau a 
supply of all blank forms needed by ex-service men in their contact with that 
bureau. 

(4) Upon application from ex-service men the officers mentioned in paragraph 
(2) will furnish blank forms, will assist in the preparation of applications, will 
carefully examine all papers or instructions on the forms in question, and will 
themselves promptly forward the completed applications or statements directly 
to the United States Veterans' Bureau, Washington, D. C. 

(5) In cases where it is necessary to forward a copy of the discharge certifi- 
cate of the ex-service man the copy will be made by the post commander or 
recruiting officer, adding the words " Copy of discharge certificate, to be used 
only with claims against the United States Veterans' Bureau," at the begin- 
ning of the copy, and the words " I hereby certify that the foregoing is a true, 

literal, and exact copy of the discharge certificate of ," with 

signature and rank of the attesting officer, at the end of the copy. Ordinary 
blank paper or the regular discharge certificate blanks (in the case of ex- 
marines) may be used in making these copies, except that parchment or arti- 

... . d-18) 



GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS 



1-63 



ficial parchment shall not be used for this purpose. The attestation must be by 
a post commander, recruiting officer, notary public, or other person authorized 
to administer oaths. 

Insurance 

1-61 

(1) Every officer and enlisted man who enters the service will be advised 
that he is entitled to apply for one of the six forms of Government life insur- 
ance (converted) within 120 days from the date of such entry. Recruiting 
officers and commanding officers may obtain supplies of blank forms of applica- 
tions for insurance, reinstatement, and conversion, and rate books, upon appli- 
cation to the United States Veterans' Bureau, Washington, D. C. (C. M. 
C. M. 3.) 

(2) When a newly enlisted or reenlisted man is taken up on the rolls, the 
company commander will, in so far as may be practicable, inform him once each 
month, up to and including the month in which the time limit elapses, of 
his right to apply for Government life insurance. (See arts. 28-131 to 28-147.) 
(C. M. C. M. 3.) 

Naval Peopeety on Transports 
1-62 

Commanding officers of marine detachments embarked on naval transports 
will take such measures in cooperation with the commanding officers of the 
transports as will prevent, so far as practicable, damage or loss of naval 
property temporarily in use by the marines. 

Naval Vessels Assigned to Marine Corps 

1-63 

(1) Officer in charge. — When naval vessels are in the custody of the Marine 
Corps, an officer with experience in seamanship if practicable will be detailed 
in charge. The officer so detailed will be held strictly responsible for the 
cleanliness, preservation, and operation of any naval craft under his charge. 
Adequate crews of qualified enlisted men will be detailed. 

(2) Inspection. — Frequent inspections of naval vessels in the custody of the 
Marine Corps will be made by commanding officers and inspecting officers, and 
all means adopted to insure that such vessels are kept in a creditable state of 
cleanliness and preservation. 

(3) Rescinded. (CM. CM. 3.) 



(1-10) 



}_(34 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

Abbreviations and Contractions Authorized for Use on Muster and Pay 
Rolls and in Service-Record Books 

1-64: 

A 

Absence or absent over leave A OL 

Absence or absent without leave AWOL 

Acquitted or acquittal Ac( l 

Account a / c 

Accounts closed for discharge CD 

Accounts to paymaster a/cPM 

Accounts to deserters' roll ADR 

Adjutant Adj 

Adjutant and inspector A&I 

Assistant adjutant and inspector AA&I 

Adjutant and inspector's department A&ID 

Analysis of account Anal a/c 

Apprehended Apnd 

Approved App 

Army transport AT 

Arrival within the continental limits of the United States Arr US 

Artillery •__ Arty 

Assistant paymaster APM 

Assistant quartermaster AQM 

Authority Auth 

Awaiting sentence AS 

Awaiting trial ATI 

Awarded or award Awd 

B 

Bad-conduct discharge , BCD 

Barracks detachment Bks. det 

Battery _ Bty 

Battalion Bn 

Bread and water B&W 

Brigade Brig 

Brigadier general z Brig. Gen 

C 

Captain Capt 

Certificate Q ev ^ 

Character Char 

Class CI 

Closed for discharge CD 

Clothing _ Cl0 

(1-20) 



GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS 1-64 

Colonel _, _, _____ Col 

Commander in chief «, _ . C-in-C 

Commanding officer CO 

Company commander CC 

Company ! Co 

Confined Con 

Confined serving sentence : Con ser sent 

Confirmed temporary regular •__ _ Con tern reg 

Confirmed temporary technical Con tern tech 

Convenience of Government C of G 

Convening authority, civil authorities CA 

Convicted or conviction Conv 

Cook Ck 

Corporal Cpl 

Court-martial CM 

Commutation of rations ! Com Rats 

I) 

Delivered . . Del 

Deck court _ ,___ DC 

Deserter or desertion Des 

Deserter from . Des fr 

Detached duty Det D 

Difference Dif 

Discharged Dis 

Discontinued _ ,__. Disc 

Dishonorable discharge DD 

Division Div 

Drummer . __ . ___ Dmr 

Distinguished service cross . , _ _ DSC 

Distinguished service medal v _ ._ DSM 

E 

Enlisted or enlistment Enl 

Enlistment period ■ __ Enl prd 

Expert rifleman ... . ER 

Expiration of enlistment . Exp enl 

Extended enlistment., or extension of enlistment _ Ext enl 

Extra duty __ _ ED 

Extra police duty = EPD 



Final settlement L i FS 

First lieutenant _ 1st Lt 

First sergeant ■ 1st Sgt 

Foreign shore service — FSS 

(1-21) 



1-54 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

Fraudulent enlistment Frd enl 

From fr 

Furlough Fur 

G 

General court-martial GCM 

General court-martial prisoners GCMP 

Good conduct medal— GCMed 

Gunnery sergeant - Gy-Sgt 



H 

fedld quartcrQ- U. S. Marine Corps HQMC 

Honorably discharged . Hon dis 

Hospital Hosp 



^2c 



I 

Immediate superior in command ISIC 

In hands civil authorities — _ IHCA 

Including or inclusive Inc 

Individual Indiv 

J 

Joined Jd 

Joined by enlistment Jdenl 

Joined by reenlistment Jdreenl 

Joined by transfer from . Jdfr 

Judge Advocate General .— JAG 

L 

Leave . Lv 

Lieutenant colonel Lt-Col 

Loss of pay LP 

M 

Major Maj 

Major General Maj Gen 

Major General Commandant MGC 

Marine Barracks MB 

Marine barracks, naval station MBNS 

Marine barracks, navy yard MBNY 

Marine Corps USMC 

Marine Corps order MCO 

Marine gunner M Gun 

Marksmanship qualifications MQ 

Marksman Mks 

Medal of honor Med of H 

Medical officer „ MO 

(1-22) 



GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS 1-64 

Medical survey , MS 

Messman Msm 

Musician first class Muslcl 

Musician second class _ Mus2cl 

Musician third class Mus3cl 

N 

Naval Disciplinary Barracks NDB 

Navy Department ND 

O 

Offense Ofs 

Officer in charge O-in-c 

Order Ord 

P 

Paragraph Par 

Paymaster PM 

Pay Clerk P Clk 

Permanent warrant PW 

Period Prd 

Post exchange , PE 

Post quartermaster PQM 

Platoon Plat 

Principal musician Prin mus 

Prior enlistment Pr enl 

Prisoner at large PAL 

Private , Pvt 

Private first class , . Pvtlcl 

Promotion or promoted Pro 

Probationary regular — .. Prob reg 

Probationary technical__ .__ , , &i Prob tech 

Public or Government property- ^__ PP 

Q 

Qualified Qual 

Quartermaster QM 

Quartermaster clerk QM elk 

Quartermaster sergeant QM sgt 

R 

Received Reed 

Recommendation Recomd 

Record Rec 

Recruit depot Rdep 

(1-23) 



1-64 MARINE COKPS MANUAL 

Recruiting district - U R dis 

Recruiting officer — RO 

Recruiting station RS 

Recruiting warrant u RW 

Reduced Red 

Reenlisted Reenl 

Regiment , 3 Regt 

Requalified — — — Requal 

Retained _____ Ret 

Retained in service _ Retinserv 

Retired r Retd 

S 

Secondary gun-pointer first class __ _ — SGPlcl 

Secondary gun-pointer second class SGP2cl 

Second lieutenant 2d Lt 

Senior officer present SOP 

Sergeant Sgt 

Sergeant major Sgt maj 

Settled Set 

Sharpshooter r__ SS 

Ship's warrant SW 

Sick Sk 

Sick in U. S. Naval Hospital SkUSNH 

Signalman first class Siglcl 

Signalman second class : Sig2cl 

Small-arms interpost competition SAIO 

Small-arms post competition SAPC 

Small-arms target practice SATP 

Special duty SD 

Special money requisition . :_ SMR 

Specialist first class Spllcl 

Specialist second class Spl2cl 

Specialist third class ; Spl3cl 

Specialist fourth class Spl4cl 

Specialist fifth class Spl5cl 

Staff sergeant Stf Sgt 

Staff returns S/RS 

Straggler Strag 

Squadron Sq 

Surrendered Sur 

T 

Technical warrant Tech W 

Temporary Temp 

Temporary duty . Tempd 

(1-24) 



GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS 1-64 

Temporary warrant TW 

Temporarily attached Temp att 

Transfer or transferred Tr 

Trial Tl 

Trumpeter Tpr 

U 

Unauthorized absence Abs 

U. S. Army USA 

U. S. Marine Corps USMC 

U. S. Navy USN 



Holds G. C. medal and 3 bars 4 Med 

Qualified as sharpshooter, markmanship qualified- 1 _ ,:-,«■■•* 

„. ^ T „ . ..„ , /« • SS (date) No 

tions No. Date qualified ( Series v ,« . 

. (Series ) 

Tried by summary court-martial (date) at 1SCM (date) (place) (of- 

(place) for (offense) Sent 1 fense) LP$ &ap 

approved SOP (date) j (date) 

Discharged or retained first enlistment for the con- 1 j- - _ ■ 
. - . . „ >lst enl CG 

venience of the Government I 



(1-25) 



GEKEEAL INSTBUCTIONS 



1-65 



Temporary warrant TW 

Temporarily attached Temp att 

Transfer or transferred Tr 

Trial Tl 

Trumpeter • Tpr 

U 

Unauthorized absence Abs 

U. S. Army USA 

U. S. Marine Corps USMC 

U. S. Navy USN 

Holds G. C. medal and 3 bars 4 Med 

Qualified as sharpshooter, markmanship, qualifica-1 

tions No. Date qualified (Series 1 SS < date ) No 

x (Series ) 

Tried by summary court-martial (date) at | SCM (date) (place) (of- 

(place) for (offense) Sent I fense) LP $ & ap 

approved SOP (date) (date) 

Discharged or retained first enlistment for the con-1 ^ , . CG 
venience of the Government 

Mail Clerks 

1-65 

(1) The laws, regulations, and instructions governing the designation, duties, 
and supervision of Navy mail clerks and assistant Navy mail clerks are con- 
tained in articles 2063 to 2071, Navy Regulations, articles D-5305 to 5311, 
Bureau of Navigation Manual, and pamphlet issued by the Post Office Depart- 
ment entitled " Instructions for the Guidance of Navy Mail Clerks and Assist- 
ant Navy Mail Clerks." These regulations and instructions, although com- 
piled primarily for vessels and shore establishments of the Navy, apply equally 
to Marine Corps commands. (C. M. C. M. 5.) 

(2) Commanding officers will require especially that all inspections are made 
as prescribed and that careful supervision of the duties of mail clerks and 
assistant mail clerks is maintained. (C. M. C. M. 5.) 

(3) The duties assigned to the supply officer, the paymaster, or the dis- 
bursing officer, in the regulations and instructions enumerated in paragraph 
(1), will be performed by the officer or officers (disbursing, ,if practicable) 
designated by the commanding officer, (C. M. C. M. 5.) 



d-25) 



1-66 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

1-66 

Allowance. — One Navy mail clerk and one assistant Navy mail clerk may be 
allowed on receiving ships, on all vessels of the Navy, at shore stations, and in 
expeditionary forces of the Navy or Marine Corps serving ashore, having a 
complement of 650 or more officers and men. One Navy mail clerk may be 
allowed on all vessels of the Navy having a complement of 50 or more and 
less than 650 officers and men, except station tugs and barges, and for all 
Navy and Marine Corps detachments serving ashore as mentioned above 
having a complement of 50 or more and less than 650 officers and men. 
(C. M. C. M. 5.) 



(1-26) 



CHAPTER 2 



ENTRY INTO THE SERVICE 



Section 1.— OFFICERS 
Appointment as Second Lieutenant 

2-1 

(1) Officers authorized to recommend for. — General and field officers and officers 
in command of companies and detachments of the Marine Corps are authorized 
to recommend, through official channels, meritorious noncommissioned officers 
for advancement to the grade of second lieutenant. In making such recom- 
mendations, the officer will be guided by the following instructions. 

(2) Qualifications. — In accordance with the law and regulations governing 
appointments to the grade of second lieutenant, a noncommissioned officer 
candidate must be between the ages of 21 and 27 when appointed; must be a 
single man and a citizen of the United States ; and must have served at least 
two years in the military or naval service of the United States, one year of 
which must have, been in the Marine Corps, by July 1 of the year in which 
he enters the candidates' class mentioned in paragraph (6) of this article. 
Service in the Military Academy at "West Point or in the Naval Academy at 
Annapolis will not be counted in computing length of service. 

(3) Recommendations. — The recommendations will state that the men recom- 
mended are single, will contain specific statements as to the physical, mental, 
and moral fitness of the proposed candidate, and will be accompanied by avail- 
able documentary evidence of character, experience, and personal history. 

(a) Statements as to physical fitness will be based upon a medical examina- 
tion, to determine if any physical defects exist, and upon observation, to de- 
termine if physical energy or the contrary is indicated. 

(6) Statements as to mental fitness will be based upon obtainable evidence 
of scholastic education and upon observation of mental qualities indicated, 
such as mental energy, endurance, alertness, intelligence, adaptability, interest 
in the service, and their contraries. 

(c) Statements as to moral fitness will be based upon evidence obtained 
from those in a position to have reliable knowledge of the moral development of 
the proposed candidate during the formative period of his life — during the 

(2-1) 



2-1 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

ages from about 10 to 20 years — and upon personal observations and reports, 
official or otherwise, relating to the character and habits of the proposed 
candidate. His associates, language, deportment, and methods of amusement 
and recreation should be carefully noted and mentioned. His attitude in 
relation to self-discipline and willing obedience to orders, regulations, and 
law should be studied and reported upon. 

(4) Recommendations received at Headquarters will be studied in connec- 
tion with the military history of the proposed candidates and selections will 
be made by the Major General Commandant. 

(5) Preliminary examinations. — When any proposed candidate has been se- 
lected by the Major General Commandant, a set of preliminary examination 
questions will be sent to the noncommissioned officer's commanding officer, who 
will have him take the examination under proper supervision. Upon comple- 
tion of the examination, the papers thereof will be forwarded to the Major 
General Commandant. After the results of the examination shall have been 
considered, the proposed candidate will be informed as to whether he has been 
selected as a candidate for a commission. 

(6) Selected candidates. — Those noncommissioned officers selected as candi- 
dates will be transferred to the candidates' class at the Marine Barracks, 
Washington, where they will be under special observation and instruction pre- 
liminary to taking the final examinations for appointment to the grade of sec- 
ond lieutenant. Candidates must be bona fide noncommissioned officers, and 
those who do not make good must not expect discharge. 

(7) During the period of instruction and observation the officers designated 
for that purpose will report from time to time relative to the indicated quali- 
fications and disqualifications of the respective candidates. In case an opinion 
is formed that any candidate is in any respect unqualified for a commission, or 
in case a serious doubt is raised as to the positive fitness of any candidate, the 
Major General Commandant will direct his detachment and he will cease to 
hold the status of a candidate. 

(8) Withdrawal of nomination. — An officer who has nominated any noncommis- 
sioned officer as a candidate may, for cause, withdraw his nomination at any 
time prior to the actual commissioning of such noncommissioned officer. 

(9) Scope of examination. — The scope of the preliminary examination and of 
the final mental and professional examinations will be announced annually by 
the Major General Commandant. 

(10) Policy of Major General Commandant. — It is the policy of the Major Gen- 
eral Commandant to give full effect to the legislative provisions which open 
the way for advancement to the comissioned grades to meritorious enlisted 
men of the Marine Corps. At the same time, the mere fact of honest and 
faithful service in the ranks will not be accepted in lieu of other character- 
istics which are considered essential in one who is to serve as a commissioned 
officer in the Marine Corps. Keeping the door open, but selecting those who 
are to pass through, is one of the most important of the duties with which any 
officer may interest himself. While calling for specially intelligent thought 
and some additional labor, the officer who aids in making effective the 

(2-2) 



ENTRY INTO THE SERVICE 2~21 

general policy indicated will do much to assure the high professional standing 
of the near and the distant future Marine Corps. 

(11) Failure to qualify for promotion will not he considered as cause for 
discharge. 

Section 2.— WARRANT OFFICERS 
Appointment of Warrant Officers and Chief Warrant Officers 

2-21 

(1) Law and regulations. — The act of August 29, 1916, provides that marine 
gunners and quartermaster clerks shall be appointed from the noncommis- 
sioned officers of the Marine Corps. Article 1645, Navy Regulations, provides 
that warrant officers and pay clerks of the Marine Corps shall be appointed in 
such manner as may be prescribed by law after their qualifications have been 
established in such manner as the Secretary of the Navy may prescribe. 

(2) Qualifications. — The Secretary of the Navy has prescribed that the quali- 
fications of candidates for appointment as marine gunner, quartermaster clerk, 
and pay clerk shall be established as follows : 

"Men who have held temporary commissions, warrants, or appointments as 
pay clerk in the Marine Corps may, upon passing the necessary physical exami- 
nation before a board of medical examiners, be appointed warrant officers or 
pay clerks if the Major General Commandant is satisfied from their records 
that they are mentally, morally, and professionally qualified for appointment. 
All other candidates shall, in addition to the physical examination, be subject 
to such mental, moral, and professional examination as the Major General 
Commandant may prescribe." 

(3) Examinations. — Candidates for appointment as marine gunner, quarter- 
master clerk, and pay clerk shall submit to boards appointed for their exami- 
nation such evidence as may be required in respect to their mental and moral 
qualifications. When so specified by the board, the candidate's familiarity 
with current publications in the examination on administration may be tested 
by written questions in the solution of which he may refer to these current 
publications. These questions may constitute all, or any part, of the exami- 
nation, and shall be plainly marked to indicate that access to publications is 
allowed. The correctness of the answers and the time consumed in completing 
them shall determine the mark for this portion of the examination. In 
addition they shall be examined in the following subjects : 

For marine gunner — 

Grammar and composition. 

Arithmetic. 

Infantry drill (to include the platoon) : TR Nos. 42(M0, 420-45, 420-50, 

and 420-85. (Practical and theoretical.) 
Administration of the company. (Marine Corps Manual, Marine Corps 

orders and circular letters.) To include all company paper work. 



(2-3) 



2-21 MARINE CORPS MANUAL. 

Nomenclature and functioning of Infantry weapons: TE Nos. 320-10, 

320-15, 320-25, and 320-35.) (Practical.) 
Rigging: TR No. 185-5. (Theoretical.) 
Explosives and demolitions: TR No. 195-30. (Theoretical.) 
For quartermaster clerk — 

Grammar and composition. 
Geography. 

United States history. 
Arithmetic. 

Administration. (Chs. 14 to 23 Marine Corps Manual, and Marine 
Corps orders and circular letters.) 
For quartermaster cleric, adjutant and inspector's department — 
Grammar and composition. 
Geography. 

United States history. 
Arithmetic. 

Administration. (Chs. 1 to 13, Marine Corps Manual; chs. 2, 4, 16, 
and 52, Navy Regulations; Navy Department general orders; Marine 
Corps orders and circular letters.) 
Bookkeeping and accounting. 
For pay clerk — 

Grammar and composition. 
Geography. 

United States history. 
Arithmetic. 

Administration. (Chs. 23 to 30, Marine Corps Manual, and Marine 
Corps orders and circular letters.) (C. M. C. M. 2 and 4.) 
(4) The examination of candidates for promotion to all chief warrant ranks 
will consist of a physical, mental, moral, and professional examination. Where 
the subject of administration is included in the scope of the professional 
examination, and when so specified by the board, the candidate's familiarity 
with current publications may be tested by written questions, in the solution 
of which he may refer to these current publications. These questions may 
constitute all, or any part, of the examination in administration and shall be 
plainly marked to indicate that access to publications is allowed. The correct- 
ness of the answers and the time consumed in completing them shall determine 
the mark for this portion of the examination. The professional examination 
shall consist of the following subjects : 
For chief marine gunner — 

Drill — the rifle company: Sections III and IV, TR No. 420-50. (Prac- 
tical and theoretical.) 
Explosives and demolitions: TR No. 195-30. (Theoretical.) 
Rigging: TR No. 185-5. (Theoretical.) 
For chief quartermaster clerk — 

Administration. (Chs. 14 to 23, Marine Corps Manual, and Marine 
Corps orders and circular letters.) 

(2-4) 



ENTRY INTO THE SERVICE 2-22 

For chief quartermaster clerk, Adjutant and Inspector's Department — 

Administration. (Chs. 1 to 13, Marine Corps Manual; ens. 2, 3, 4, 5, 
16, and 52, Navy Regulations ; Navy Department general orders, Marine 
Corps orders and circular letters.) 
Bookkeeping and accounting. 
For chief pay clerk — 

Administration. (Chs. 23 to 30, Marine Corps Manual, and Marine 
Corps orders and circular letters.) (C. M. C. M. 2 and 4.) 

General Policy Concerning Appointment as Marine Gunner 

2-22 

(1) Selections of noncommissioned officers for advancement to the rank of 
marine gunner will be based upon (1) the man's excellent moral character; 
(2) his excellent military character; (3) his knowledge and experience in 
Marine Corps activities. 

(2) The development of military character, particularly those traits which 
inspire respect and confidence in both seniors and juniors, generally requires 
considerable service, as does the acquiring of experience. Knowledge may be 
acquired in a comparatively short time if a man is intelligent and has a fair 
basic education. 

(3) A great deal of knowledge that would be most useful to a marine gunner 
might be acquired before he enters military service; but such knowledge is a 
secondary consideration to the military characteristics of a successful marine 

x gunner. 

(4) One of the purposes in establishing the rank of marine gunner was to 
offer a respectable and valuable reward to those who give long years of valuable 
service as enlisted men in the performance of line duties — the duties that carry 
them aboard ship, to foreign countries, to hardships of expedition and cam- 
paign, as well as the more or less routine duties of post and barracks. 

(5) The general policy of the Major General Commandant is to fill vacancies 
by selections made on the foregoing basis. Ambitious self -improvement in the 
military profession will be recognized, as will exceptionally meritorious conduct 
in action. At the same time it will be an exceptional case where a noncommis- 
sioned officer will be advanced to the rank of marine gunner who has less than 
10 years' service, or less than two discharges with " Character excellent." 

(6) General and field officers, and post, company, and detachment com- 
manders may recommend noncommissioned officers for advancement to the 
rank of marine gunner at any time, keeping in mind the above general policy. 



(2-4a) 



ENTBY INTO THE SEKVICE 2~23 

Such recommendations should state in detail the general and special qualifica- 
tions of the proposed candidate; his military knowledge and experience in 
command, as well as his moral and military character, as disclosed to the 
officer submitting the recommendation. 

Section 3.— ENLISTED MEN 

Extension of Enlistment 

2-23 

(1) How and when made. — The term of enlistment of any man may, by his 
written voluntary agreement, be extended for a period of either one, two, 
three, or four full years from the date of expiration of the then existing term 
of enlistment. An agreement to extend an enlistment must be executed prior 
to or at expiration of original enlistment; and a man serving an extension of 
less than four years may, before the expiration of such extension, further extend 
his term repeatedly by one or more full years, the aggregate of all extensions 
not to exceed four full years from the date of expiration of the original term. 
No man shall be permitted to extend or reextend his term of enlistment where 
his retention in the service is not desirable, and at any time before an extension 
term begins to run the commanding officer will cancel the extension agreement 
should the man's conduct so warrant, and will always cancel an extension if 
a man is sentenced to a bad-conduct discharge. 

(2) For one or two years. — Unless specially authorized by the Major General 
Commandant an extension by a noncommissioned officer for two years, or by an 
enlisted man of any rank for one year, will be accepted only in the case of — 

(a) A man on foreign service or on sea service on a seagoing ship, for 
the purpose of continuing thereon after expiration of term of 
enlistment. 

(o) A man on shore duty within the continental United States who has 
applied for sea or foreign duty, and for whose assignment to such 
duty there is an immediate necessity, for the purpose of meeting 
the requirements of such assignment. 

(c) A man on recruiting duty, or on duty at Headquarters, Marine 
Corps, or at detached staff offices or depots, (CM. C. M. 4.) 

(3) Supplemental to original contract of enlistment. — The voluntary agreement 
to extend a term of enlistment shall be supplemental to the original contract 
of enlistment and form a part of it, and shall be executed in the terms and 
on the blank forms prescribed by the Major General Commandant. 

(4) Forwarding. — When an agreement to extend enlistment has been com- 
pleted it shall be immediately forwarded to the Adjutant and Inspector. 



(2-5) 



2-23 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

(5) Service-record books. — Entries of the extension shall be made in red ink 
in the man's service-record book, over the signature of the commanding officer, 
at the bottom of page 1, and also on the line below the last markings on pages 
4 to 9. Similar entries shall be made for any subsequent extensions, noting in 
addition the fact of its being a second, third, or fourth extension. The records 
of men extending enlistments shall be kept continuously in the service-record 
books of the enlistments extended, additional pages being inserted when 
necessary. 

(6) Rescinded. (G. M. G. M. 2.) 

(7) Physical examination. — A man desiring to extend his enlistment shall be 
required to pass the same physical examination as is required for reenlistment, 
and the examining surgeon's certificate shall be attached to the completed 
"Agreement to extend enlistment." 

(8) Who may extend. — Commanding officers are authorized to accept the exten- 
sion of enlistments of men who, in their opinion, are desirable for retention 
in the service and who would ordinarily be recommended for reenlistment. 
Such cases, except those of married men, require no reference to the Major 
General Commandant, the agreement to extend enlistment being forwarded 
to the Adjutant and Inspector immediately upon its completion. (C. M. 
C. M. 2.) sfal dk P.i 

(9) When executed. — Generally, a man shall not be allowed to extend his en- 
listment until about the completion of his original term of enlistment, in order 
that it may be more satisfactorily determined whether he is especially desirable. 

(10) Time lost. — An exteasion of enlistment must not be placed in effect until 
the man has made good all time lost in his current enlistment under paragraph 
15, Navy Department, General Order 155, dated August 6, 1926. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(11) When effective. — The original extension of an enlistment begins to run on 
the day following that on which the enlistment would otherwise have ter- 
minated, regardless of the date on which the agreement to extend was entered 
into. Extensions subsequent to a first extension have the effect of changing 
immediately upon the agreement, the term of the original extension to a period 
equal to the aggregate of all the extensions. Any right which the extension 
of an enlistment carries does not accrue until the date the original extension 
actually begins to run. (Bu. Memo., p. 6983.) 



(2HB) 



ENTRY INTO THE SERVICE 2-24 

Reenlistment or Extension of Enlistment in Oases of Men With 16 or 
More Years of Naval Service 

2-24 

(C. M. C. M. 5) 

(1) Any enlisted man whose case does not come within the purview of para- 
graph (2) of this article, who has been or shall hereafter be discharged, or shall 
desire to extend his enlistment, after completing the required service for transfer 
to the Fleet Marine Corps Reserve (16 or 20 years of naval service), will not be 
reenlisted, or permitted to extend his enlistment, unless he first executes one of 
the following waivers, as may be appropriate, in writing : 

(a) In consideration of acceptance for extension of enlistment for one year 
(or two years) I voluntarily waive the right to apply for transfer to the Fleet 
Marine Corps Reserve until I shall have completed such extension of enlistment. 

(6) In consideration of acceptance for reenlistment (or extensioir of enlist- 
ment for three or four years) I voluntarily waive the right to apply for transfer 
to the Fleet Marine Corps Reserve until I shall have completed two years' 
service under such reenlistment (or extension of enlistment). 

(2) Exceptions are authorized as follows: 

(a) The following enlisted men, who upon expiration of enlistment or exten- 
sion will have completed 16 years' service for transfer to the Fleet Marine Corps 
Reserve, but who will not have sufficient service for maximum pay purposes 
(over 16 years), may extend their enlistment for one year without executing the 
waiver : 

(1) Those serving in a regular 4-year enlistment. 

(2) Those serving in the first, second, or third year of an extension. 

(&) The following enlisted men who, upon expiration of enlistment or exten- 
sion, will have completed 19 years' service, but less than 20 years' service, for 
transfer to the Fleet Marine Corps Reserve, may extend their enlistments for 
one year without executing the waiver : 

(1) Those serving in a regular 4-year enlistment. 

(2) Those serving in the first, second, or third year of an extension. 



(2-6a) 



2-24 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

(c) E]nlisted men who upon expiration of enlistment or extension will have 
completed more than 18 years but less than 19 years' service, for transfer to the 
Fleet Marine Corps Reserve, may extend or reenlist for any term of years 
without executing the waiver, provided that an aggregate of four successive 
years in extension is not exceeded, or that they do not reenlist for any term 
other than four years, and provided further, that extensions for one year shall 
be subject to the provisions of article 2-23 (2). 

(d) The following enlisted men may reenlist without executing the waiver 
upon the expiration of the fourth year of extension of enlistment : 

(1) Those who will have completed 16 years' service for transfer to the 
Fleet Marine Corps Reserve, but will not have had sufficient service for maxi- 
mum pay purposes (over 16 years). 

(2) Those who have more than 18 years' service and less than 20 years' 
service for transfer to the Fleet Marine Corps Reserve. 



(2-€b) 



ENTRY INTO THE SERVICE 2-33 

RECRUITING INSTRUCTIONS 

Control 

2-31 

(1) The Major General Commandant exercises general supervision and 
control over the recruiting service of the Marine Corps and over the necessary 
expenses in connection therewith. 

(2) Subject to the above, the Western Recruiting Division is under the 
jurisdiction and control of the Commanding General, Department of the Pacific, 
for disciplinary and inspection purposes. 

Organization 

2-32 

The Marine Corps recruiting service is organized into four divisions, and 
within each of these divisions there is a fixed number of districts, and within 
each dstrict there is a fixed number of smaller stations, known as subdistrict 
headquarters stations, central auxiliary stations, auxiliary stations, and road 
parties. These stations are located at such points as is necessary to properly 
represent the Marine Corps. In each recruiting division one station is known 
as the headquarters station of the division. In each recruiting district one 
station is known as the headquarters station of the district, and the others as 
stations. 

2-33 

(1) The four recruiting divisions are as follows : 

Eastern Recruiting Division (headquarters, Philadelphia, Pa.). — The States of 
Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, 
New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, West 
Virginia, and the District of Columbia. (C. M. C. M. 3.) 

Central Recruiting Division (headquarters, Chicago, 111.). — The States of Ohio, 
Michigan, Indiana, Illinois, Wisconsin, Kentucky, Missouri, Iowa, Minnesota, 
North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas, New Mexico, Colorado, 
Wyoming, and Montana. 

Southern Recruiting Division (headquarters, New Orleans, La.). — The States of 
North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Tennessee, Alabama, 
Mississippi, Arkansas, Louisiana, Texas, and Oklahoma. (C. M. C. M. 3.) 



(2-7) 



2-33 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

Western Recruiting Division (headquarters, San Francisco, Calif.). — The Slates 
of Washington, Oregon, California, Nevada, Idaho, Utah, and Arizona. 

(2) The boundaries of the several districts within each division are fixed by 
the Major General Commandant. 

ESTABLISHMENT 

2-34 

(1) Officers in charge of recruiting divisions are authorized to establish smd 
discontinue, at their discretion, stations of the following classes only : Sub- 
district headquarters, central auxiliary, and auxiliary, where no rental is in- 
volved ; where rental is involved, authority must be obtained from the Major 
General Commandant. Such establishment or discontinuance of stations must 
be reported on Form NMC-601, original to the Major General Commandant, 
and one copy each to the Quartermaster, the officer in charge of recruiting, 
the recruiting bureau, and the paymaster having the pay accounts of the 
division. 

(2) District recruiting officers will communicate in writing with the chief 
of police and postmaster of each city and town in their districts informing 
them of the location of each regularly established Marine Corps recruiting 
station. When a new recruiting station is established within the district the 
information and location will likewise be conveyed to the chiefs of police 



(2 8) to (2-10) 



ENTRY INTO THE SERVICE 2~36 

and the postmasters and they will also be notified when any traveling or 
itinerant recruiting party will visit their towns or cities, stating the approxi- 
mate date of their arrival and departure. In like manner when a new station 
is established the noncommissioned officer placed in charge will immediately 
call upon the chief of police and the postmaster of the city or town and 
present his credentials. 

(3) In order to permit the Federal Real Estate Board to make assignment 
to other Government departments of office or storage space under lease by 
departments and establishments of the Government, all recruiting officers will 
report to the Major General Commandant via the officer in charge of recruit- 
ing and the officer in charge of the division, all contemplated evacuations of 
space sufficiently in advance of the actual release. 

(4) When the custodian of a public building requires authorization for the 
use of space therein as a recruiting office, the matter will be taken up with 
the division officer, and if necessary, with the Major General Commandant. 
(C. M. C. M. 2) 

Office Hours 

2-35 

(1) Recruiting stations will remain open from 9 a. m. until 4.30 p. m. daily, 
except Sundays and legal holidays. 

(2) When deemed advisable by officers in charge of recruiting divisions and 
districts, subdistrict headquarters stations' office hours may be varied to suit 
local conditions. 

Commissioned Personnel 

2-36 

(1) A colonel or lieutenant colonel will be assigned in charge of each re^ 
cruiting division and will exercise supervision over the affairs of the districts 
assigned to that division. 

(2) A major or captain, preferably, will be assigned in charge of each re- 
cruiting district. 

(3) Recruiting duty is one of the most important assignments which can be 
given to an officer. Such duty is, first, the procuring of good men. If this 
is properly done, other officers can well attend to the future of the men so pro- 
cured and can build up and maintain a creditable service. The duties of a re- 
cruiting officer do not end when he has opened a station, procured equipment 
and assistants, inserted advertisements in the several newspapers, and ac- 



(2-11) 



2-36 MAKINE CORPS MANtTAL 

cepted such men as may have entered the station and expressed a desire to en- 
list. A recruiting officer should be energetic and resourceful. He has a field 
of his own and to a certain extent is independent. He should study the indus- 
trial conditions of his district with a view to establishing stations at the proper 
places and at proper times. 

(4) Recruiting officers will not engage in controversies with rival recruiting 
stations of different branches of the service. It is desired that they make 
friends with them and thereby prevent recruiting from taking on the aspect of 
rival employment agencies. Tact and diplomacy will keep a recruiting district 
on a higher plane and, of course, will add to efficiency. 

(5) To bring the corps in closer touch with the people of the communities 
in which it is represented, recruiting officers should take proper part in any 
civic project that comes up by joining or getting in touch with local chambers 
of commerce, Rotary or Kiwanis Clubs and similar organizations. 

(6) Whenever practicable, officers to be detailed on recruiting duty will be 
sent to a recruit depot for about one week's instruction in determining the 
physical and mental condition of applicants, so that they will be able to detect 
causes for rejection. Upon the completion of this instruction they will be di- 
rected to report to the officer in charge of the recruiting division to which they 
are assigned for duty, but before assuming charge of a district they will be 
further instructed in the preparation of all papers, the keeping of records, 
methods of advertising, the handling of applicants (methods of learning their 
past history), and of giving them the proper information in regard to the 
service. 

(7) Whenever desirable, the medical examiner attached to a district head- 
quarters station, if a medical officer of the Navy, may be detailed by the Major 
General Commandant, upon the recommendation of the district or division 
officer, to take the place of and act for the recruiting officer of the district 
during the temporary absence of such officer. Such duty will always be in 
addition to the other duties of the officer so detailed. 

Enlisted Personnel 

2-37 

(1) A noncommissioned officer, preferably a sergeant (recruiting warrant), 
will be assigned in charge of each subdistrict headquarters station. 

(2) A " recruiting party * is a certain number of men on duty at a recruiting 
station. They are a part of the detachment comprising all men on recruiting 
duty in a district. 

(3) Generally the enlisted personnel of recruiting divisions will be dis- 
tributed so that there will be at least three men on duty at each division head- 
quarters. 

(4) The recruiters must be competent to perform all official clerical work 
lhat may be required of them, such as preparation of enlistment papers, service- 
record books, beneficiary slips, identification records, etc. 

(2-12) 



ENTKY INTO THE SEBVICE 2-37 

(5) The quota of officers and enlisted men allowed for the entire recruiting 
service will be fixed by the Major General Commandant ; the number allotted to 
each division will be set by the officer in charge of recruiting, and the number 
allotted to each district will be designated by the officer in charge of the 
division. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(6) One quartermaster sergeant (regular warrant — to handle property), 
one first sergeant, and two sergeants (recruiting warrants) will be assigned to 
each division headquarters. 

(7) One first sergeant, one sergeant, and one corporal (recruiting warrants) 
will be assigned to each district headquarters. 

(8) One sergeant and one corporal (recruiting warrants), may be assigned to 
duty at each subdistrict headquarters, central auxiliary station, auxiliary sta- 
tion, or receiving station. (C. M. C. M. 2.) 

(9) Each district will be allowed a " road party No. 1," which will consist of 
a publicity sergeant and, if deemed necessary by the officer in charge of the 
recruiting division, one corporal. In districts where motor transportation is 
available there will be allowed a " road party No. 2." Each automobile will 
constitute an auxiliary station to which one sergeant or one corporal will be 
assigned. 

(10) Each district will have a publicity sergeant, whose duties will consist 
of obtaining newspaper and other publicity for the Marine Corps, the distribu- 
tion of advertising matter, and such other duties as may be assigned to him 
by the officer in charge of the district. 

(11) Whenever practicable a recruiter will be kept on the sidewalk in the 
immediate vicinity of the recruiting station entrance to interest passers-by in 
the service, especially those who stop to read the literature. As soon as a man 
appears interested the recruiter should invite him into the recruiting station, 
where the inducements and activities of the Corps can be explained quietly 
to him. 

(12) Every man assigned to recruiting duty must make it a matter of per- 
sonal concern to acquaint himself with the physical, mental, and other require- 
ments of applicants. 

(13) Every man retained on or transferred to recruiting duty will be re- 
quired to sign the following certificate : 

I, (name) , (rank) , U. S. Marine Corps, having been 

(retained on) (transferred to) recruiting duty, certify that I fully understand 
that the period of my retention on recruiting duty depends entirely upon my 
conduct and success as a recruiter. 

This form will be executed in duplicate and witnessed by the recruiting officer 
concerned ; one copy to be forwarded to Headquarters for file with the man'a 
record and one copy to be retained and securely attached to his service-record 
book. 

(14) Utmost care will be exercised in the selection of men to be retained on 
recruiting duty upon reenlisrment. Men will not be retained on such duty 
simply because their homes or families are located in the town or city in which 



(2-13) 



2-37 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

they request recruiting duty, even though they are required to sign the above 
declaration. Men with excellent discharges and who have had both foreign 
and sea duty are best qualified. (C. M. O. M. 2.) 

(15) Members of recruiting parties may be retained on recruiting duty 
upon reenlistment without specific authority from the Major General Com- 
mandant, provided such reenlistments are made within one month after 
discharge. (C. M. C. M. 2.) 

(16) When an applicant for reenlistment holds an honorable discharge 
from the Marine Corps with character Excellent or Vert good and desires 
to be retained on recruiting duty, the recruiting officer, if he deems the appli- 
cant qualified, will inform the officer in charge of the division, who may re- 
quest authority from the Major General Commandant to retain him. 

(17) Only ex-marines with excellent discharges, who have been out of the 
service less than one month, will be considered eligible for retention on re- 
cruiting duty upon reenlistment. (C. M. C. M. 2.) 

(18) The greatest factor in recruiting, especially in the smaller cities, is 
the personnel, and the neater, smarter, and more alert the recruiter is the 
more favorably the service will be known. Every man on recruiting duty will, 
therefore, not only wear correct uniform at all times but will, by his deport- 
ment, habits, and associations, endeavor to reflect credit upon the corps. The 
men selected will be of good character, patient, neat, soldierly looking, so 
that their appearance and behavior will be good advertisements. Commanding 
officers will see that men are properly outfitted with uniforms prior to trans- 
ferring them to recruiting duty. 

(19) Recruiting officers are authorized to permit men of their recruiting 
parties to fire the prescribed marksmanship course where there are Army. 
Navy, Marine Corps, National Guard, or other ranges available; no trans- 
portation is permitted other than street car or truck, unless especially 
ordered by the Major General Commandant. 

(20) Recruiting officers will endeavor to learn the personal equation of 
each member of the recruiting party and should be cautious in effecting hasty 
changes in the personnel. It is desired to instill a feeling of permanency 
and security in the men on this duty as long as they continue to render 
satisfactory service. The spirit of competition should be encouraged be- 
tween different stations, and even, where possible, between organized teams 
from the same station. 

(21) Enlisted men on recruiting duty, upon expiration of enlistment, will 
be discharged at the recruiting station where they are serving. When the 
staff returns of a man on recruiting duty have been forwarded for the prepa- 
ration of his discharge certificate, the man will not be transferred from the 
station designated for discharge, except in case of emergency. An immediate 
report will be made of such emergency by telegraph to the Major General Com- 
mandant, or the Commanding General, Department of the Pacific, as- may be 
appropriate. 

(22) When reenlisted men are retained on recruiting duty, or when new 
recruiters are assigned to such duty, recruiting officers concerned will see that 
they familiarize themselves with the requirements of these instructions. 

(2-14) 



ENTRY INTO THE SERVICE 2~40 

(23) Members of recruiting parties are expected to meet promptly their 
obligations for board, lodging, laundry, etc. 

(24) When enlisted men of the recruiting service are sick in hospital for 15 
days or more they will not count against the quota of the district or the divi- 
sion to which attached, and other men may be retained on recruiting duty or 
transferred thereto to fill the temporary vacancies thus created. Upon the 
discharge of such men from hospital they will at once count against the quotas. 
(C. M. C. M. 2.) 

Health Records 

2-38 

Health records of officers and enlisted men on recruiting duty should remain 
in the custody of the medical officer to whom they would normally apply for 
treatment in case of illness; or, if no medical officer is assigned, in the 
custody of the recruiting officer. 

Correspondence 

2-459 

Officers in charge of recruiting districts will, when corresponding with 
Marine Corps Headquarters, forward their communications through the officer 
in charge of the recruiting division, except that when time is an object they 
are authorized to correspond direct on such matters as requests for waivers, 
military history, etc. In such cases, when necessary to complete his files, 
they will forward copies of such correspondence to the officer in charge of the 
recruiting division. 

Civilian Medical Examiners 

2-40 

(1) When the services of a naval surgeon are not available, one or more 
civilian physicians should be employed to examine physically applicants for 
enlistment. Such examinations will be paid for at the rate of not exceeding $2 
for a single examination and $1 for each additional one that may be made on 
the same day. A physician employed at different recruiting stations will be 
allowed these rates in full for the examinations at each station. (C. M. C. 
M 1.) 

(2) When civilian medical examiners are appointed for duty at Marine 
Corps recruiting stations, the division officer concerned will forward a copy of 
the appointment as medical examiner to Headquarters, Marine Corps. 

(3) When a station is closed, or a medical examiner's appointment revoked 
for any reason, a letter of revocation of appointment will be sent to the medi- 
cal examiner concerned and a copy to Headquarters, Marine Corps. 

(4) When a medical examiner is appointed or his appointment revoked, it 
will be noted on the bulletin submitted to the divisional recruiting officer and 
reported by the latter to Headquarters, in the monthly report of personnel. 

(*-15) 



2-40 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

(5) Care will be exercised in the selection of civilian physicians for appoint- 
ment as medical examiners. The physician selected must be in good standing 
with the medical fraternity of his locality, of good habits, should not have too 
large a practice (this usually means a comparatively young man), and should 
have an office in the immediate vicinity of the recruiting office. He should be 
required to thoroughly familiarize himself with the requirements for a good 
recruit as given in the authorized manuals, and it should be seen to by the 
recruiting officer that he is thorough in his examinations. 

(6) To avoid the annoyance and unnecessary expense caused by unsatis- 
factory examinations, recruiting officers will give aid and advice to civilian 
medical examiners and, where the examiner is inexperienced, will exercise 
particular care in the supervision of the examination of applicants. 

(7) The recruiter who obtains an applicant will assist the medical examiner 
in making his examination of such applicant. (C. M. C. M. 2.) 

Telephone Service 

2-41 

(1) Open purchase requisition (in duplicate) for telephone service should 
be forwarded to the Quartermaster, accompanied by statement as to the 
necessity therefor. 

(2) No telephone will be allowed for subdistrict headquarters stations and 
only one phone, without any extension, for the district headquarters station. 
When extensions are desired at district headquarters stations they will be 
installed at the expense of the officer in charge and not at the expense of the 
Government. 

(3) Every economy will be practiced in the use of telephones where the 
monthly number of calls is limited. All personal messages sent over the offi- 
cial recruiting office phone will be paid for by the officer or enlisted man 
concerned at the regular rate. 

Uniforms 
2-42 

(1) The uniforms for officers and enlisted men of the recruiting service 
will be governed by general instructions issued from Headquarters Marine 
Corps. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(2) Officers in charge of recruiting divisions are authorized to prescribe 
the uniform, but the uniform must be the same for all of the personnel in 
the same town or city. (C. M. C. M. 1.) The most attractive uniform is white 
cap, blue coat and trousers, white belt and gloves, and russet shoes, with rue 
corresponding uniform for officers. It will be worn whenever weather permits. 
(U, M. C. M. 2.) 

(3) The prescribed uniform will be worn habitually during office hours 
by officers and men on recruiting duty. Wearing civilian clothing outside of 
office hours is not encouraged. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(2-16) 



ENTRY INTO THE SERVICE 2-44 

Leave of Absence 

2-43 

Officers in charge of recruiting divisions are authorized to grant, not oftener 
than once in six months, to officers serving under them leave of absence not 
exceeding ten days, plus travel time. Requests for longer periods or extensions 
should be addressed, via the officer in charge of the division, to the Major Gen- 
eral Commandant, or in the case of naval medical officers, to the Secretary of 
the Navy (Bureau of Navigation). (C. M. C. M. 2.) 

Advertising 

2-44 

(1) Paid advertising in newspapers can be authorized only by the Major 
General Commandant. 

(2) Free advertising in the newspapers is within the reach of all recruiting 
officers tit practically no cost. Therefore, if a resourceful recruiting officer 
from time to time furnishes articles illustrating service life and experiences 
and also photographs, when practicable, he will find that prominent papers will 
often be glad to have the necessary mats made and will publish the article 
free of charge. This is particularly true of the Sunday editions of the news- 
papers of large cities. Papers published in the rural districts prefer personals. 

(3) The Treasury Department has authorized the display of Marine Corps 
recruiting publicity cabinets, with glass fronrs or doors, in Federal buildings. 
These cabinets must be attached to plaster or woodwork in the lobbies with- 
out marring same and located in a position satisfactory to the custodian. The 
cabinets will be finished to harmonize with the woodwork of the lobby. Only 
one cabinet is to be placed in a building, ond it will be installed at the expense 
of the Marine Corps. Requisition for these cabinets will be made on the 
Quartermaster. 

(4) Rescinded. (C. M. C. M. 2.) 

(5) Other forms of advertising, such as the display of posters, distribution 
of handbills, mailing booklets to applicants, etc., will be supervised by recruit- 
ing officers. Permission of the postmasters can usually be obtained to hang 
pads of handbills from the mail boxes. Officers on recruiting duty will keep 
the recruiting bureau fully advised as to all forms of publicity desired or ob- 
tained in their districts. 

(6) Officers and men of the recruiting service will, before exhibiting Marine 
Corps recruiting posters in post office buildings, confer with the postmasters 
thereof in regard to exhibiting same and will display posters in such manner 
as they may agree upon. 



(2-17) 






2-44 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

(7) The United States Postal Guide for 1924 contains the following section 
on page 82: 

Sec. 8. Recruits for Army, Navy, and Marine Corps. — Postmasters are di- 
rected to aid recruiting officers of the United States Army and Navy so far as 
possible by displaying recruiting posters in conspicuous places in the post 
office lobbies and by distributing to young men who may be interested in the 
subject any printed matter relative to enlistment in the Army, Navy, or Marine 
Corps that is sent to them for that purpose from the War and Navy Depart- 
ments. 

(8) Maps, charts, calendars, or pictures, for advertising purposes, will not 
be tacked or pasted on the walls or furniture of public buildings. 

(9) If no suitable space on the walls of public buildings is available to dis- 
play the recruiting publicity cabinet, the displaying of signboards in the lob- 
bies, or at the entrance if necessary, is authorized, if same will not interfere 
with the transaction of public business, and subject to the prior approval of 
the custodian concerned. 

(10) No calendars bearing advertising matter will be displayed in any office 
under the Navy Department occupying space in Federal buildings under the 
control of the Treasury Department. 

(11) Recruiting officers will keep in touch with the postmasters in rural 
districts and supply them with recruiting literature, etc., as many postmasters 
are willing to cooperate with recruiting parties in the procurement of recruits. 

(12) The large posters are primarily intended for use on signboards and 
for billboard advertisement where such is available. The hangers will be used 
for window display. Owing to the cost of the large posters, care should be 
exercised that they are only placed where they will bring the best results. 

(13) There have been prepared and delivered to the recruiting service stand- 
ard exhibits, comprising arms, accouterments, etc., of the regulation pattern 
used in the Marine Corps. These standards are invoiced to the officer in 
charge of the division to which shipped, who is authorized to move them from 
point to point within the limits of his division at his discretion. 

(14) In order that money appropriated for advertising may be expended to 
the best advantage, it is essential that Headquarters be able to form an intelli- 
gent estimate of the value of each form of publicity used. For this purpose 
the recruiting service is supplied with cards on which to note in the case of 
each applicant the particular form of advertising which influenced him to 
apply for enlistment. As all advertising is designed merely to bring appli- 
cants within reach of recruiters, it follows that the latter should take the 
closest interest in endeavoring to procure from applicants accurate informa- 
tion on this point, thus aiding Headquarters not merely to direct but actively 
to assist the recruiting service in accomplishing its mission. Every volun- 
tary inquirer is an applicant, whether he finally enlists or not. 



(2-18) 



ENTRY INTO THE SERVICE 2~45 

(15) Recruiting officers will collect every newspaper clipping possible that 
has any reference to the corps in any manner or form and will securely paste 
a typewritten slip of paper to each clipping stating the name of the newspaper 
or magazine from which the clipping was made and the date of the publica- 
tion. In lieu of pasting Jhem to sheets of paper, such clippings may be neatly 
put up and mailed to the officer in charge of the recruiting bureau. After they 
have been pasted in a special binder by the bureau they will be forwarded to 
the officer in charge of recruiting, Headquarters. 

(16) Reports of the conferences held in the office of the Major General Com- 
mandant are furnished to officers of the corps as a matter of official informa- 
tion only, and recruiting officers will not publish them to service or other 
organizations, to former officers of the corps, or to other persons. If pub- 
licity is to be given to persons or to newspapers concerning any question that 
may have been brought up at these conferences, such publicity will be fur- 
nished by the Major General Commandant, or by the recruiting bureau by his 
direction. 

Standards foe Enlistment 

2-45 

(1) No person shall be enlisted or reenlisted in the Marine Corps except as a 
private. 

(2) All first enlistments and reenlistments shall be for a period of four 
years. 

(3) The maximum age for applicants for first enlistment is 35 years, but 
only very exceptional men should be accepted who are more than 30 years 
of age. 

(4) Former enlisted men of the Marine Corps wh o h a ve be en-out-of- the 
f*er v ice less- than a year may be accepted for enlistment and oath of enlistment 
administered to them by officers in charge of recruiting districts, provided they 
are duly qualified in all -etfcsr respects, and each man so accepted and enlisted 
may be transferred under conditions specified in article 2-57. (C. M. C. M. 2.) 

(5) The recruiting officer will not administer the oath of enlistment to appli- 
cants who do not come specifically within the class mentioned in the preceding 
paragraph. Such applicants will be examined physically, mentally, and morally 
to determine their fitness for the service, and will be transferred, if accepted, 
te recruit depots for final examination and enlistment if found qualified. The 
above does not apply to bandsmen. In no case will an applicant who is a mem- 
ber of the Marine Corps Reserve be discharged from the reserve until he has 
taken the oath of enlistment for the regular service. (See art. 2-47.) (C. M. 
C. M. 2 and 4.) 

(6) Men with only National Guard or Coast Guard service are accepted and 
transferred to recruit depots in the same manner as men without prior service. 



(2-10) 



2-45 MARINE COUPS MANUAL 

(7) It being obviously impracticable to formulate instructions applicable to 
every variety and degree of deformity or mutilation, much must be left to the 
judgment of the medical examiner and the recruiting officer, who should base 
their opinion as to the fitness of the applicant on his ability efficiently to per- 
form the general duties of a marine. 

(8) Changes in the standards applicable to applicants for enlistment and 
reenlistment are made from time to time by changing conditions of the service. 
Such changes are announced to the recruiting service by the Major General 
Commandant. 

(9) In view of the facts stated, it is essential that every recruiting station 
be supplied with a complete guide, revised and kept strictly up to date, cover- 
ing all those points on which enlisted men should be instructed in order that 
they will waste no time in endeavoring to procure the enlistment of persons who 
upon examination or investigation will be found to be disqualified. Guides of 
this kind, neatly typed and indexed, should be kept on file in places readily ac- 
cessible to all of the enlisted personnel, and the men should be regularly ex- 
amined as to their familiarity with the contents thereof. There can be few 
experiences more disappointing to the recruiter and to the applicant than to dis- 
cover after protracted preliminaries that the latter has been hopelessly dis- 
qualified from the first. 

(10) All men who are accepted for original enlistment, or reenlistment, in 
the Marine Corps, will be informed by the recruiting officer, prior to their 
acceptance or reenlistment, that they are accepted or reenlisted for general 
service and with no promise of any special assignments or special duties, unless 
special authority is obtained from the Major General Commandant for accept- 
ance for other than general service (see art. 2-56 (11)) ; also that they are 
required to serve where their presence is required. This does not preclude 
recruiting officers from requesting transfers to various posts or 

(C. M. C. M. 4.) 



(2-20) 



ENTRY INTO THE SERVICE 2-46 

stations desired by men who are contemplating reenlistment, bnt it must al- 
ways be understood that their transfer to the post or station of their choice 
is authorized, but the duration of their tour of duty at that station is not 
guaranteed in any way. (See Art. 2-56 (8).) 

(11) The immense and far-reaching organization, the large sum of public 
moneys expended, the great number of officers and men employed on recruiting, 
the ingenuity and effort and the expense represented by advertising and pub- 
licity campaigns are all of them useless if the system of selection applied to 
recruits fails to eliminate the weak, the incompetent, the diseased, the de- 
fective, and those of vicious type. It is therefore essential that no lowering 
of the standards be permitted. 

Acceptance of Minors 

2-46 

(1) The acceptance of minors over the age of eighteen is aull a ffitiicft* with- 
out the consent of parent? or guardian (1413 and 1419, R. S., 38 Stat. 931), 
but see paragraphs 7 to 16 of this article. 

(2) At such time as announced by the Major General Commandant, young 
men between the ages of seventeen and eighteen years may be accepted with 
consent of parents or guardian for enlistment as privates to learn the drum and 
trumpet. They will be required in every case to meet the physical standards 
required of privates of the line and will be required to sign the following 
declaration in duplicate (one copy to be attached to the enlistment contract 
and the other to the service-record book) : 

I thoroughly understand that I am enlisted in the Marine Corps as a private 
to learn the drum and trumpet, that if I successfully complete the musical 
training I will be rated as either a drummer or trumpeter, but that if I am 
inapt for duty as a field musician. I will be required to complete the term of 
my enlistment in the line. I also understand that I am enlisted for " general 
service'' with no promise of any special duties or special assignments and that 
I will be required to serve wherever the exigencies of the service demand. 

(3) Young men accepted in accordance with the preceding paragraph for 
enlistment as privates to learn the drum and trumpet will be required to 
furnish to the recruiting officer a certificate of birth, which, together with 
the consent papers of parents or guardian, will be securely attached to the 
enlistment contract. 

(4) A field music school is established at the recruit depot, Marine Corps 
base, San Diego, Calif., at which place men accepted in the Western Recruit- 
ing Division are trained for duty as field musicians, and a field music school 
is also established at the recruit depot, marine barracks, Parris Island, S. C, 
at which place men accepted in the Eastern, Southern, and Central Recruiting 
Divisions are trained for duty as field musicians. 

(5) Upon arrival at recruit depots, such men will be required to take the 
same training as regularly enlisted privates in addition . to their musical 
training. 

(2-21) 



2-46 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

(6) Applicants under 21 will be required to furnish documentary evidence of 
date of birth. The only documentary evidence of correct date of birth that 
will be considered is as follows : 

(a) Certificate of birth. 

(o) Certificate of baptism. 

(c) Age as given on passports. 

{d) Sworn affidavits of parents or guardians. 
These steps are necessary in order to check the acceptance of minors to 
whom the Marine Corps has to furnish return transportation to their home 
in case of rejection. 

(7) The following provision of law appears in the act approved March 4, 
1925: 

Provided further, That hereafter, upon presentation of satisfactory evidence 
as to his age and upon application for discharge by his parents or guardian 
presented to the Secretary of the Navy within 60 days after the date of his 
enlistment, any man enlisted after July 1, 1924, in the Naval Service, including 
the Marine Corps, under the age of 21 years who was enlisted without the 
written consent of his parents or guardian, if any, shall be discharged for his 

own convenience. (See art. 3-13.) 

- 

(8) In view of the foregoing provisions of law, recruiting officers will exer- 
cise every precaution to prevent the acceptance of minors without the written 
consent of parents or guardians, unless it is clearly shown that there are no 
parents or guardians or that it is impossible to communicate with them. 

(9) Applicants for enlistment under 21 years of age who furnish proof that 
they have no parents or legal guardians living, may be accepted if qualified 
in all other respects. Evidence of date of birth is required in such cases. 

(10) The consent of one parent is sufficient in the cases of applicants for 
enlistment who are under 21 years of age. However, the consent of father, 
when living, is necessary, except where the mother or other person is the 
legal guardian of the minor. It is highly desirable to secure consent of both 
parents if possible. 

(11) Written consent of parents to enlistment will suffice. Where appli- 
cants give their parents' residence at such a distant point that written con- 
sent can not readily be obtained, consent by telegram may be accepted if all 
stated facts appear bona fide. 

(12) An affidavit before a notary public, duly sealed, setting forth con- 
sent of parents, may be accepted, provided no fraud is suspected. 

(13) A letter from a recruiting officer addressed to parents of minors re- 
questing consent and duly answered in the affirmative, will be sufficient, pro- 
vided no fraud is suspected. However, this should be done only in cases 
where parents reside at such a distant point that a personal interview can 
not be arranged. 

(14) Where parents, or guardians, are asked to give consent, and they refuse, 
the applicant will be rejected. 

(15) In the event that the parents, or guardians, do not object to enlist- 
ment, but refuse to sign consent papers, the acceptance of applicant is 
authorized. 

(2-22) 



ENTRY INTO THE SERVICE 2~47 

(16) Where the parents or guardian of an applicant refuse to sign a state- 
ment relative to age. although admitting that their son or ward is of legal 
age to enlist without their signed statement as to age, the following signed 
certificate by a commissioned officer may be accepted as evidence of date of 
birth, and will be attached to the enlistment contract : 

I certify that I have this date personally interviewed • (name) who stated 
to me that his son (name in full) was born (date of birth), but he would 
not sign any statement regarding his son's age for the purpose of enlisting in 
the Marine Corps. 

Bandsmen 

2-47 

(1) Recruiting officers are authorized to accept men for original enlistment 
who are bandsmen, except for the Marine Band at Washington, and to reenlist 
bandsmen from the Army, Navy, and Marine Corps. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(2) Recruiting officers will personally s» e that all men are examined as to 
their musical abilities, and officers concerned will satisfy themselves that the 
men reenlisted or accepted for enlistment for such duty are qualified musicians. 

(3) No promises will be made to any man that he will be assigned to any 
particular band. 

(4) All men accepted for original enlistment as bandsmen in the Eastern, 
Central, and Southern Divisions will be transferred to the marine barracks, 
Parris Island, S. C Men of this class who are accepted in the Western 
Division will be transferred to the marine barracks, San Diego, Calif. 

(5) Ex-service bandsmen who have, in the opinion of the recruiting officer, 
had sufficient military training will be transferred from the Eastern, Central, 
and Southern Divisions to the marine barracks, Quantico, Va. Ex-service 
bandsmen accepted in the Western Division will be transferred to the marine 
barracks, San Diego, Calif. 

(6) Notation will be made on the enlistment contracts and in the service- 
record books of the men that they are " Enlisted for band duty only." (C. M. 
C. M. 1.) 

(7) In connection with the acceptance of applicants for duty as bandsmen, 
recruiting officers concerned will make the following report to the officer in 
charge of recruiting, Marine Corps, regarding the examination as to the musical 
ability of men enlisted or reenlisted in the corps for duty as bandsmen. 

(a) Name, in full, of men enlisted or reenlisted. 

(&) Whether reenlisted or accepted for enlistment. 

(c) Prior service, if any, stating organization. 

(d) Instrument or instruments played, with statement of probable pro- 

ficiency. 

(e) Date of reenlistment. 

(f) Date and post or station to which transferred. 

A copy of this report will be furnished the commanding officer of the post or 
(station to which the man is transferred. 

(2-23) 



2-48 MARINE CORPS MANUAL. 

Candidates foe Admission to the Navat, Academy 

2-48 

Applicants for enlistment for the purpose of entering the Naval Academy are 
not sought. Men who enlist with this purpose in view will be informed that 
in case of failure to secure appointment they will be required to complete 
their enlistments in the Marine Corps. For information in regard to the ad- 
mission of enlisted men to the Naval Academy see article 6-21. 

Citizenship 
2-49 

(1) Only native-born or fully naturalized citizens of the United States will 
be accepted for first enlistment in the Marine Corps. 

X2) Former service men who are aliens and who have declared their inten- 
tions to become citizens of the United States, and whose status has remained 
unchanged, may be accepted for reenlistment if qualified in all other respects. 
No special authorization from the Major General Commandant is necessary. 

(3) A child born of parents who are United States citizens is a United 
States citizen. A child born in the United States of alien parents is a United 
States citizen. A child born of alien parents in a foreign country, if his father 
(or mother, in the case the father is deceased) becomes fully naturalized before 
the child is 21 years of age, is a United States citizen. 

FUBLOUGHS 

2-50 

(1) Officers in charge of recruiting divisions and recruiting districts are 
authorized to grant furloughs at the rate of 30 days per annum, including travel 
time to enlisted men serving under their command. Requests for a longer 
period will be referred to the Major General Commandant, except cases of men 
whose reenlistment for recruiting duty has been authorized by proper authority, 
in which case paragraph (2) of this article will apply. (C. M. C. M. 1 and 2.) 

(2) Commanding officers and recruiting officers are authorized to grant three 
months furlough to men upon reenlistment from the Marine Corps a»4-om» 
month to men upon reenlistment from the Army or Navy, less the time elapsed 
between the date of last discharge and the date of reenlistment. 

(3) The authority to grant such furloughs extends to commanding officers 
of posts on one coast, to which men have been transferred immediately after 
reenlistment on the opposite coast. 

(4) If a man so desires, his furlough may be made effective after receiving 
his enlistment allowance money at the post to which transferred. 



(2-24) 



ENTRY INTO THE SERVICE 2-52 

Married Men 

2-51 

(1) Married men will not be accepted for original enlistment or for reenlist- 
ment from the Army or Navy. 

(2) Married men will not be accepted for reenlistment from the Marine 
Corps or for extension of enlistment without specific authority from Head- 
quarters. Such authority will not ordinarily be granted for men of the fourth, 
fifth, sixth, and seventh pay grades, except in meritorious cases for those on 
duty in staff offices or in the recruiting service and for sergeants married before 
October 1, 1925. (C. M. C. M. 2.) 

(3) In addition to the foregoing, the usual consent certificate of wife must 
be obtained before a married man is reciil-sted or extends his enlistment. Such 
certificate must be sworn to before a commissioned officer, notary public, or 
other person authorized to administer oaths. (C. M. C. M. 2.) 

(4) The consent of wife or waiver of marriage is not required for enlist- 
ment in or assignment to the Marine Corps Reserve. 

(5) Recruiting officers will inform ail men upon enlisting: 

(a) That there are no accommodations at Marine Corps posts for fam- 
ilies or dependents of enlisted men, except a few for noncom- 
missioned officers of the first three pay grades. 

(6) That an enlisted man whose permanent rank is not higher than 
sergeant can not properly expect to support any dependents on his 
pay and allowances. 

(c) That requests for discharges based on dependency of wife or child 
will not be considered in cases where marriages have not received 
the prior approval of the Major General Commandant. 

Examination of Applicants 

2-52 

(1) Upon the noncommissioned officers of the recruiting service devolves 
for the main part the important duty of eliminating all ineligibles. It is 
therefore of the greatest importance that they shall be thoroughly familiar 
with all instructions pertaining to the subject, as laid down in the circular 
relating to the physical examination of recruits, and in all circular letters and 
orders issued by the Major General Commandant from time to time. This 
does not mean that they will be required to have an understanding of all the 
technical terms employed or of the official nomenclature authorized by the 
Medical Corps of the Navy; but it does mean that every noncommissioned 
officer should apply himself persistently until he is fully able to detect the 
more obvious disqualifying defects, such as underheight, underweight, color 
blindness, short-sightedness, flat feet, mutilations, deafness, etc. He should 
also be able to prevent the waste of time and the expense of subsisting appli- 
cants who are disqualified by the nature of previous service or by their pres- 
ent engagements in the National Guard, State Naval Militia, on account of de- 

(2-25) 



2-52 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

pendent relatives, by marriage, etc. He is far more advantageously situated 
in this respect than is the recruiting officer. 

(2) The noncommissioned officer who receives an applicant for enlistment 
shall make a careful inspection of him as to his general appearance ; shall see 
that he is entirely sober, and if he is under the influence of liquor shall reject 
him; and if there is any doubt as to his being of the proper height, shall 
measure him before going further. 

(3) If the applicant is the sole or partial support of dependents or minor 
children he will be rejected. 

(4) If applying for reenlistment (latest service in the Marine Corps) and 
last discharged with a character other than Good, Very good, or Excellent 
the applicant should be instructed to call in a few days; in the meantime the 
case should be referred to the district officer, who will decide whether a re- 
quest will be made to the Major General Commandant for special authority to 
accept the applicant for reenlistment. 

(5) The nature of the service he is desirous of entering should be ex- 
plained to the applicant. The following are some of the other things which 
should be explained to an applicant : The number of years he will be required 
to serve ; the amount of pay, and the deduction of 20 cents per month for hos- 
pital fund ; the allowance for clothing and rations ; allowances such as bed and 
bedding in barracks, medicine, medical, dental, and hospital attendance; the 
benefits of the Naval Home, retirement, and pensions ; money paid to dis- 
charged men to return to place of acceptance for enlistment ; the proportion of 
time served at sea and on foreign station ; and the privilege of applying for 
United States Government life insurance within 120 days from entry into 
active service. 

(6) Have the applicant write his name in full ; also short sentences. 

(7) Have him read aloud the declaration* on the enlistment contract he will 
be required to sign. 

(8) Test his vision, hearing, and color sense; measure and weigh him; ex- 
amine his teeth, hands, and feet. If he is under 65 inches or over 74 inches in 
height, or wears a shoe smaller than 5-D or larger than 12-F, or wears a hat 
smaller than Qy 2 or larger than 7%, he will be rejected. (C. M. C. M. 3.) 

(9) Having in view these instructions and the regulations for the examination 
of recruits, if the applicant is beyond doubt disqualified, he will be rejected. If 
there is any doubt whatever the noncommissioned officer will have him examined 
by the examining surgeon. 

(10) Each applicant for enlistment in the Marine Corps will be questioned 
as to whether or not he is a member of the Organized Militia, including 
the National Guard, of a State or Territory. Should it develop that he 
has been a member of any such organization or of the reserve of the Army 
or Navy, he will be required to produce proof of his discharge from all 
obligations of service therein, either by formal discharge or by letter or tele- 
gram from the adjutant general or other competent authority. A certified 
copy of such quittance must be attached to the enlistment contract for the in- 

(2-26) 



ENTRY IHTO THE SERVICE 2~52 

formation of the executive officer of the recruit depot and of the Adjutant and 
Inspector. 

(11) When unacknowledged prior service is suspected in the case of a 
desirable applicant, but not strongly indicated, he will be accepted and his 
identification record, stamped or marked with red ink " Special " in the center 
of the form, both on the face and reverse, but clear of space reserved for 
other entries, forwarded as soon as possible. 

(12) These records will be complete in every respect and authenticated by 
the signature of the applicant and of the officer or noncommissioned officer in 
charge of the station. 

(13) When an apparently desirable applicant denies prior service and re- 
quests that his case be investigated, his fingerprint records will be forwarded, 
marked " Special," as provided for above, for comparison and telegraphic in- 
formation, but the applicant in the meantime will not be subsisted, or lodged 
at Government expense. 

(14) When the officer or noncommissioned officer in charge of the station 
has reason to believe that the man is " wanted " by the civil or military au- 
thorities such inquiry will be made as the circumstances of the case may ap- 
pear to warrant. 

(15) When information has been received from the Major General Com- 
mandant in connection with a " Special V identification record, and the appli- 
cant is thereafter accepted and transferred, a copy of the communication from 
the Major General Commandant should be attached to the enlistment contract 
in order to obviate possible subsequent requests for investigation. 

(16) The presence of a large number of tattoo marks on the person of an 
applicant should be considered as indicating possible prior service, but unless 
such marks are numerous or strongly significant they should not be regarded 
as grounds for special action. The following marks should be regarded with 
particular suspicion: Apprentice knot, Dagger piercing flesh, Dragon, But- 
terflies TATTOOED ON SHOULDERS, DRAGONS, MILITARY AND NAVAL INSIGNIA, 

Letters "USN," "USMC," etc., the words "Manila, P. I.," or the like, and 
highly sentimental mottoes, such as "Death before dishonor," "In memory 

OF MY MOTHER," etc. 

(17) Cases have developed where men have claimed that, upon enlistment, 
they, were led to believe that they thereby bettered their chances of obtaining 
commissions in the Corps, or that, having stated their previous occupation as 
stenographer, clerk, etc., they had been impressed with the idea that they 
would be soon assigned to duty allowing them extra compensation. Applicants 
must not be misled about such things, and the matter of extra pay must 
be mentioned only with extreme caution. The enlistment of men with the 
view of procuring a commission will be discouraged. 

(18) It is believed that, to some extent, the desertion of recruits is due 
to a nonrealizaHon of hopes acquired through erroneous impressions received 
at the recruiting statimis. To describe the service to an applicant by dwell- 
ing upon its hardships alone would be prejudicial to the interests of the Gov- 
ernment; yet, to present it only in its most favorable light is not fair to the 

(2-27) 



2-52 masine corps "manual 

recruit and is at the same time injurious to the corps by causing expense in 
the procuring of men who afterwards desert because of dissatisfaction, and 
by rendering recruiting more difficult through the recital by these disgruntled 
ones of what they regard as their grievances. All members of recruiting parties 
will represent to applicants flic actual facta only, describing fairly and hon- 
estly all the features of the service, its work as well as its recreation, the na- 
ture of the duty at sea, on shore, and on foreign stations, its pleasant and its 
rigorous features, its benefits and discipline, its pay and its punishments 
(particularly those awarded for absence without leave and desertion), and the 
several forms of discharges with their attendant benefits or the reverse, the 
higher civic standing which comes with an honorable discharge, and the social 
ostracism of those who are discharged dishonorably, 

(19) In addition to such physical examination as may be given an appli- 
cant by the recruiting officer, he should be carefully instructed by that officer 
as to the details and duties of service life. It should be explained that whether 
in the barracks or on the field enlisted men are often called upon to perform 
every duty incident to the care and preservation of a barracks or camp; in 
other words, every barracks or garrison constitutes a self-contained unit 
largely independent of the outside world and that, therefore, the maintenance 
of the barracks or the camp' devolves upon the men stationed thereat. Suf- 
ficient knowledge of this nature can not be imparted in less than one-half to 
three-quarters of an hour, and this must be done either personally by the 
recruiting officer or by a competent enlisted man in his presence and under 
his direct supervision. 

(20) At outlying stations the noncommissioned -officer in charge will keep 
an accurate account of medical examinations performed by the medical ex- 
aminer and will see that his assistant is familiar with the work of conducting 
examinations' so as to be able to assist intelligently during their performances. 

(21) Instructions as to physical requirements in recruits must be followed 
to the letter. Recruiting officers will satisfy themselves that medical exam- 
iners do not assume any discretionary authority, beyond what is clearly defined 
in the Manual of the Medical Department, 1922. The tendency in this direc- 
tion is often noted in connection with cases of hernia, fiat feet, defects of color 
perception, hydrocele, goiter, etc. 

(22) Whenever examinations at the recruit depot health records, or reports 
of medical surveys show a disability to have existed prior to acceptance for 
enlistment, the medical officer who passed such a recruit will be held account- 
able for improper acceptance or enlistment. 

(23) Recruiting officers will personally question every applicant as to 
whether he has ever been convicted of a crime by any civil' court, or whether 
or not he has ever committed an act such as would render him liable to 
criminal prosecution in such a court. If he admits such convictions or the 
commission of such act, he must be rejected. 

(24) Recruiting officers must assure themselves that men not born in this 
country have their proper citizenship papers, or if they be minors, that their 

(2-28) 



ENTRY INTO £i±E SEitViOE 2~52 

parents have taken out such papers for themselves before tiie applicants may 
be accepted. 

(25) Before an applicant is accepted the recruiting officer will personally 
call his attention to the fact that if the declaration he makes that he has 
"neither wife nor child" is false he will be guilty of fraudulent enlistment 
and that, moreover, the fact of his being in the Marine Corps will not relieve 
him of his obligations to support his dependent relatives. 

(26) There is no reason why an applicant should not have a complete un- 
derstanding of each and every statement contained in his declaration, and 
recruiting officers will be held personally responsible that the applicant has 
such an understanding. 

(27) When an applicant claims prior service in the Army, Navy, or Marine 
Corps, but is unable to produce his discharge certificate or other official au- 
thentication of his claim, or where there is evidence of error or fraud in the 
documents produced in support of the claim, the recruiting officer will telegraph 
direct to the Major General Commandant, requesting verification. (See art. 
2-54.) 

(28) Recruiting officers will be held responsible for the acceptance and 
forwarding of men who may afterwards be found unfit or undesirable for the 
service, and officers who enlist such men will be held to a like responsibility. 

(29) The recruiting officer should realize that the value of his office is not 
measured entirely by the number of applicants accepted, but by the number of 
men who complete their term of enlist merit. Men who elope en route or are 
rejected by the commanding officer and naval surgeons upon examination at 
the recruit depots, or who desert before completing their term of enlistment 
are all cases of total losses to the Government and are poor investments. 

(30) The importance of the attitude taken toward applicants who have been 
rejected can hardly be overestimated. It is a short-sighted policy to consider 
that since these men can not be enlisted they can not be of use to the service. 
In nearly every case a young man has considered the matter of enlisting for a 
long time before applying. It is to him a momentous step, and he has probably 
discussed the question with a number of acquaintances. Approximately 80 per 
cent of ail applicants are rejected. Most of these return to their homes and 
discuss at length with their families their experiences at the recruiting station. 
Their personal impression of the Marine Corps as a whole is generally based 
upon their treatment at the recruiting station, the only part of the service they 
have actually seen. This impression, favorable or otherwise, will be com- 
municated to their acquaintances. If their treatment has been such that they 
have a kindly feeling for the service, other men to whom they talk will be 
encouraged to apply. But if they feel that they have been snubbed or rejected 
through indifference or that they have in any respect failed to receive a square 
deal, this feeling will be communicated to others. 

(31) When a naval reservist on inactive duty applies at a Marine Corps 
recruiting station for enlistment, the recruiting officer will instruct the appli- 
cant to make out a request for discharge from the Naval Reserve, which re- 
quest will be forwarded by the recruiting officer to the Bureau of Navigation 

(2-29) 



2-52 MARINE COEPS MANUAL 

through the Major General Commandant. The Bureau of Navigation in turn 
directs the commandant of the naval district in which the reservist's accounts 
are kept to prepare and forward to the Marine Corps recruiting officer direct 
a complete discharge for the person concerned, with a letter of transmittal to 
the recruiting officer, requesting that delivery of the discharge be made only 
in the event that the applicant is accepted and sworn into the Marine Corps. 
If not enlisted in the Marine Corps, the discharge will be returned direct to the 
office of origin with a statement of the facts ; if the applicant is enlisted, a re- 
port to that effect will be made by the recruiting officer. The discharge from 
the Naval Reserve will be delivered to the applicant only when he has been 
accepted and sworn into the Marine Corps. 

(32) Complete instructions concerning enlistments and reenlistments in the 
Marine Corps Reserve are embodied in chapter 13. 

Requirements for Reenlistment 

2-53 

(1) No man will be reenlisted from the Army unless he was last discharged 
with character Excellent, except by the authority of the Major General 
Commandant. 

(2) In the case of a man last discharged from the Army with character 
Very good who presents himself for reenlistment in the Marine Corps, the re- 
cruiting officer will carefully scrutinize the discharge certificate. If it bears 
no notation as to absence without leave or other serious offenses, he will closely 
question the candidate and, if he considers that the man is exceptionally de- 
sirable material for the Corps and can discover no reason why the man should 
not have received character Excellent, he will report the facts to the Major 
General Commandant, requesting a decision in the case. The man's service, if 
possible, and his serial number should be stated. 

(3) Recruiting officers will exercise the greatest care in this connection, in 
order to eliminate those men who, although their records may warrant their 
reenlistment, may not be desirable men for the Corps. The very best material 
should be obtained ; the matter of a man's personality, appearance, etc., is left 
to the discretion of the recruiting officer. 

(4) Men last discharged from the Army with character "Good," or below, 
will not be reenlisted in the Marine Corps. 

(5) Men discharged from the Navy, whose average markings are "Profici- 
ency in rating" 2.75 or over, " Obedience " 3.5 or over, and " Sobriety" 3.5 or 
over and who are recommended on their discharge certificate for reenlistment, 
may be reenlisted without specific authority from the Major General Com- 
mandant. 

(6) In the cases of ex-Navy men applying for reenlistment in the Marine 
Corps, whose credits are below those mentioned in the preceding paragraph, 
specific authority must be obtained from the Major General Commandant be- 
fore their reenlistment is completed. 

(2-30) 



ne 
>h, 
t>e- 



ENTRY INTO THE SERVICE 2~53 

(7) Waivers may be requested on men discharged from the Army upon 
* Surgeon's certificate of disability." who were awarded character " Excellent " 
upon discharge and on men discharged from the Navy by medical survey 
whose markings reach the standards laid down in paragraph 5 of this article. 
These requests for waivers must show the present degree of disability (if any), 
and if no disability exists at time of examination it must be so stated. 

(8) Upon the reenlistment of a man who is receiving compensation or other 
benefits from the Veterans' Bureau or a pension, the recruiting officer con- 
cerned will immediately notify the Major General Commandant by letter in 
order that the proper authorities may be notified in the premises. 

(9) Recruiting officers will bear in mind that all men discharged by reason 
of a board of medical survey, regardless of their physical condition upon ap- 
plying for reenlistment, must have the fact of discharge by said survey waived 
by the Major General Commandant before reenlistment is completed. 

(10) Recruiting officers will advise all men of the status laid down in the 
eighth paragraph, who are receiving compensation or benefits from the Vet- 
erans' Bureau, that in the event of their reenlistment they will automatically 
lose any and all benefits they may be receiving. 

(11) Special authority must be obtained before reenlisting a man who has 
been out of the service more than one year (Marine Corps) and who is more 
than 35 years of age. 

(12) When a man presents himself for reenlistment from any branch of the 
service and holds an honorable discharge, the officer who reenlists him will 
enter upon the face of the discharge certificate, over his own signature, the 
fact of his reenlistment, giving date and place. If practicable, the notation 
will be entered upon the lower left-hand corner of the certificate. 

(13) An enlistment will not be antedated so as to permit an enlistment 
allowance to a man who applies after the specified date or period. 

(14) A man may be reenlisted under a name other than that appearing on 
his discharge certificate, and apply to the Major General Commandant for 
credit for his prior service. He should submit the evidence required for 
change of name. 

(15) When a man is reenlisted at a recruiting station, the recruiting officer 
will complete the enlistment contract and fingerprint record and forward them 
direct to the Adjutant and Inspector. The proper entries will be made in 
the service-record book and health record, both of which will be sent to the 
post to which the man is transferred or, if the man is to be retained on re- 
cruiting duty, the service-record book will be sent to the division headquarters 
and the health record disposed of in accordance with the directions set forth 
in article 2-38, these instructions. 

(16) Recruiting officers will, before they request, waiver for a prior de- 
pendency discharge, thoroughly investigate the case in point and obtain state- 
ments from the persons whose dependency caused the discharge that they are 
no longer dependent on the applicant for enlistment for support and that they 
are not again likely to become so. The recruiting officer will state on such 
requests for waiver that he has investigated the case and that the dependency 

(2-31) 



2-53 MABiiME OOKPS MANUAL 

no longer exists, nor is likely to exist. Ordinarily the Major General Com- 
mandant is not in favor of granting waivers of dependency discharges, es- 
pecially where men were discharged from the other branches of the service and 
particularly where the discharge has been of recent date. Bequests of this 
nature will not be submitted by telegraph or radio, and the applicant will not 
be lodged or subsisted at Government expense. 

Waivebs of Physical Defects 

2-54 

(1) In any case where an applicant has some physical defects which require 
a waiver by the Major General Commandant, request therefor will be made 
before the applicant is accepted, the date of his acceptance as an applicant be- 
ing the date upon which he is informed that the Major General Commandant 
has waived the disability. In the case of a reenlisted man the amount of 
prior service and the rank held at time of discharge should be stated. 

(2) Bequests for waivers must be as specific as possible as to the exact 
nature and degree, of the disability noted. The terminology employed must 
be in strict accordance with that used in the various circulars and orders is- 
sued by the Bureau of Medicine and Surgery. 

(3) When a defect is curable by a minor operation, the medical examiner 
should so state, and also whether the applicant agrees to operation if necessary. 

(4) Recruiting officers will exercise the utmost care to the end that men 
who have fiat feet or depressed arches are not accepted for enlistment and 
waivers will only be requested when the medical examiner is satisfied that 
the man is capable of properly performing his duties as a marine aud complet- 
ing his term of enlistment without the possibility of foot troubles. In the case 
of reenlisted men who are found to have fiat feet or depressed arches, request 
for waivers will be submitted to the Major General Commandant in each indi- 
vidual case. 

(5) In submitting requests by despatch for waivers of physical defects, the 
date and place of birth, chest measurement at expiration, height and weight 
of applicant, will also be given. 

(6) When telegraphic requests are submitted to the Major General Com- 
mandant for waivers of physical defects, or in fact any case which requires ac- 
tion of the Surgeon General of the Navy, recruiting officers will forward to 
the Major General Commandant Form NMC-588, giving full data in the case. 
This form will not be in duplicate and need not be signed by the medical ex- 
aminer or the recruiting officer, but their names will be typed therein. In the 
space now taken on the form concerned by the second and third indorsements, 

an entry will be made stating that " Waiver requested by telegram # ; 

(dis) approved by the MGC, telegram # -." 

(7) Waiver will not be granted for disqualifications which exist to such a 
degree that an operation for the removal or correction of the disqualification 

(2-32) 



ENTRY INTO THE SERVICE 2~55 

will be necessary prior to enlistment at the recruit depot, or soon thereafter. 
Such cases should be rejected, as it has been decided that disabilities resulting 
from such operations are pensionable even though the condition rendering 
the operation necessary existed prior to enlistment. 

(8) When the defect, such as varicocele or hemorrhoids, is not large and 
will not interfere with the performance of duty, a waiver may be requested, 
provided the applicant gives written consent to undergo an operation for the 
correction or removal of the defect, should he at any time during his service 
be required to do so, as the condition may become aggravated by service. This 
agreement to undergo treatment must he duly witnessed and permanently at- 
tached to the enlistment contract. As it is equivalent to a qualification of the 
contract of enlistment, it is essential that it oe noted in full, over the Signature 
of the proper officer, in every place provided for such notation. It must be on 
no account omitted from the proper place in the service-record book and on 
the enlistment contract. 

(9) In view of the act of March 3, 1885, which provides "That all appli- 
cants for pension shall be presumed to have had no disability at the time of 
enlistment, but such presumption may be rebutted," a note will be made of 
waivers requested. 

Telegrams 
2-55 

(1) Before preparing a telegram the sender should have before him in 
writing the facts concerning the case which he is about to present, including — 

(a) Correct spelling of man's name, the applicant's own spelling of his 
name being verified from written documents when at hand. 

(fo) Statement of prior service, verified from the man's discharge cer- 
tificate when possible. 

(c) A written report of the medical officer describing present disability 
in correct terminology and precise terms indicative of its degree 
in the case of a man discharged from the Army on surgeon's 
certificate of disability or from the Navy or Marine Corps upon 
report of a board of medical survey. 

(2) In preparing the telegram the sender should — 

(a) Write the message as briefly but clearly as possible. 
(o) Include every fact essential to identify the subject or form a clear 
impression of the salient feature of the case. 

(c) Avoid the use of abbreviations. This is especially important in 

the case of names, wmich should always be spelled out in full. 

(d) Spell out in full any punctuation necessarily used. 

(e).If the case requires instant action, giving it precedence over all 
others, state the circumstances briefly, but avoid the use of ex- 
pressions such as "please expedite." 



(2-33) 



2-55 MAKINE COEPS MANUAL 

(3) When a request for verification of prior service forms part of a tele- 
gram, the points of identification, in the order of their value, are — 

In the case of former marines — 

(a) Full name, including all given names and the surname spelled out 

in full. 
(6) Date and place of enlistment. 

(c) Reason for last discharge (expiration of enlistment, convenience 

of the Government, by sentence of a summary court-martial, 
etc.). 

(d) Date and place of last discharge. 

In case of former enlisted men of the Navy — 

(e) Full name, including all given names and the surname, spelled out 

in full. 

(f) Shore station or vessel on which he served on some specified date, 

preferably date of discharge. If the applicant is not sure of the 
date of discharge or enlistment, give the ship or station where he 
passed his last birthday or the last Fourth of July, or Christmas 
Day in the the service. If his name is a very common one, give 
in chronological order several of the ships or stations on which he 
served, with at least one specific date on some ship or station. 

In the case of ex-Army men — 

(g) Full name, including all given names and the surname, spelled out 

in full. 
{h) Serial number spelled out in full. 
(i) Unit or organization (giving exact official designation) from which 

discharged, and date of discharge. 

(4) The signature to all telegrams from persons in the recruiting service 
shall be the surname only of the sender, without the words " by direction " 
or any other words or phrases. 

(5) In view of the large number of telegrams required by the nature of the 
recruiting service it is essential that every recruiting officer study carefully 
the foregoing. 

(6) In addition to telegrams now authorized dispatched at Government 
expense, recruiting officers are authorized to send telegrams to parents and 
officials requesting verification of age of applicants for enlistment; telegrams 
sent collect to recruiting officer by parents and officials, which contain in- 
formation regarding correct age of applicants for enlistment, may be charged 
to the Marine Corps. 

(7) The use of reference numbers at the beginning and ending of telegrams 
transmitted over commercial land lines is not required. Where dispatches are 
transmitted by land lines in combination with the Navy and Army radio service, 
the designating numbers at the beginning and ending of messages will be 
used. 

(2-34) 



ENTRY INTO THE SERVICE 2~5fi 

(8) Recruiting officers in dispatching telegrams on official subjects will 
endeavor to patronize equally the Western Union and the Postal Telegraph 
companies. 

(9) Follow-up telegrams requesting action on prior messages should be used 
only when circumstances indicate miscarriage of the original message. In 
this event the original message should be repeated in full. 

Preparation of Enlistment Records 

2-56 

(1) When the applicant is accepted he will be required to write his name 
in full in the proper place on the declaration. Should the applicant's writing 
of his own signature not be clearly legible in every part he will be required 
to dictate the spelling of it, letter by letter, while one of the recruiting party 
at the station prints it in the same manner beneath the signature on the en- 
listment contract. The applicant will also insert in his own handwriting 
on the enlistment contract the number of years for which he is enlisting. 
Letters which are of similar appearance when written carelessly, such as " n " 
and "u," "m" and "w," should be carefully distinguished. Variations in the 
spelling of proper names must be carefully noted, such as " Frederic," "Fred- 
ric," " Carl," " Karl," etc. Cases are on record of men who claimed names 
consisting of a single letter. Such names are a constant source of trouble. 
In every such instance entry must be made upon the enlistment contract and 
in the service-record book, and upon all papers attached to either of them 
which bears the applicant's signature, to the effect that the name in question 
consists of one letter only. 

(2) In all cases the street address of the next of kin must be shown on the 
enlistment contract. 

(3) The date and place of enlistment of a marine are the date and place 
of oath, but when discharged he will receive travel allowance to the first 
place of his acceptance for enlistment. 

(4) The place of acceptance of an applicant for enlistment is the place 
at which he applied for enlistment, was examined by the doctor, and was ac- 
cepted by the recruiting officer or the noncommissioned officer in charge. 

(5) When an applicant is examined and passed by the doctor and accepted 
at a station where there is no recruiting officer the words "Examined and 
accepted at , 192__ " will be inserted in the margin of the enlist- 
ment contract, NMC-321, and signed by the noncommissioned officer in charge. 

(6) The certificate of the medical officer on the enlistment contract must 
bear the date of the examination. 

(7) Every agreement or condition which in any way qualifies the contract 
of enlistment shall be clearly set forth in writing, with the authority there- 
for, over the full signature of the recruiting officer authorized to enter into the 
agreement or impose the conditions, etc. Each applicant accepted will sign, 
in a book kept for that purpose at the district headquarters stations, a state- 

(2-35) 



2-56 MARINE COEPS MANUAL 

ment to the effect that no special promise or agreement has been entered into 
or, if any such has been made, will sign a statement recording the exact terms 
of the agreement, promise, etc. The average applicant for first enlistment has 
obscure ideas as to the degree of executive authority possessed by persons in 
the service. Such applicants, in the course of the many conversations that 
may be held with the various members of the recruiting service, may receive 
erroneous impressions as to what constitutes an authoritative promise or 
agreement, and thus, without intentional deception on the part of any re- 
cruiter or of the applicant himself, there may be laid the ground for discon- 
tent on the part of the applicant and of embarrassment for Headquarters. No 
condition or qualification of the contract of enlistment can be valid unless 
entered in writing upon such enlistment contract over the signature of the 
recruiting officer or other authorized officer, and only then when such condi- 
tion or qualification has been authorized either by express or general order 
issued by competent authority at Headquarters and entered upon the enlist- 
ment contract prior to its signature by the applicant. 

(8) The following are special notations which should be entered upon the 
enlistment contract in appropriate cases: 

(a) fif&ht assignment for aviation duty. / 

* ( 1) ) P&sfc-trssignraent for dutyas banstaanM jj ' 

(c) fi&tf. assignment as private to learn the drum and trumpet. 

(9) In the case of each applicant reeniisted whose transfer has been 
authorized for duty in the West Indies, or the Asiatic station, a note must be 
made upon the enlistment contract or, if no suitable space exists in that 
place, upon a slip of strong paper permanently attached to the enlistment 
contract (not merely pinned or clipped thereto), as follows: 

Transferred (date) to M. B., N. O. B., Hampton 

Roads, Va., for further transfer to (ultimate destination). 

The station in the West Indies will be specifically stated and not simply 
to the West Indies. 

(10) Upon reenlistment of ex-marines in cases where furlough is granted 
by the recruiting officer the following notation will be entered, either typed 
or written, on the enlistment contracts in the space at the left-hand side 
of the front : 

Granted furlough for (number of months or days) until (date of expira- 
tion of furlough granted) 

or whatever is appropriate. 

(11) It must be distinctly understood by every applicant and every member 
of the recruiting service that every applicant is accepted for general service, 
unless special authority for a modification of this subject matter has been 
obtained from the Major General Commandant for acceptance for other than 
general service, in which cases the special authorization must be entered on 
the enlistment contracts as hereinbefore set forth. For instance, the enlist- 
ments indicated by asterisk in paragraph 8, this article, are not for general 
service but solely for the special form of service indicated. Enlistments not 

(2-36) 



ENTRY INTO THE SERVICE 2~56 

of the kind indicated by asterisk but included in the above list are for pre- 
ferred service. In such cases the promise is clearly implied that so long as he 
is ahle to perform the duty for which enlisted and for so long as his retention 
on such duty is considered advisable o\j the officer under whom such duty is 
performed, he will be retained on said duty, but that otherwise, or when the 
exigencies of the service so require, he will he available for and, ivill he re- 
quired to perform any other duty proper to a marine enlisted for general 
service only. Men enlisted for the service herein referred to as " preferred " 
service will be required to undergo preliminary recruit training or otherwise 
as the Major General Commandant may from time to time direct. 

(12) When a man with prior service in the Army, Navy, or Marine Corps 
is accepted for enlistment, the recruiting officer will enter upon his enlist- 
ment contract and the officer who administers the oath of enlistment will 
enter upon the service-record book, each in the place provided, a notation as 
to such prior service, showing date of enlistment or enlistments and discharge 
or discharges, branch in which service was performed (Army, Navy, or 
Marine Corps, etc.), rank or rating held at the time of each discharge, total 
of time lost hy unnnthnriTnl abnnnrt? in each enlistment and ofyBme retained 
beyond expiration of each enlistment, if any, with reason therefor. If no 
time has been lost, a statement to that effect must be entered on the enlist- 
ment contract and in each place (there are more than one) provided in the 
service-record book. There will also be shown the time from and to which a 
man has been in an inactive status in the Reserve. 

(13) A copy of the request for verification of previous service (where such 
has been made) and of the reply thereto, if any, shall be attached to the 
enlistment contract of the man concerned. 

(14) In cases where waiver for physical disability is involved the recom 
mendation of the medical examiner will appear at the bottom of his cer- 
tificate on the enlistment contract and over his signature. 

(15) Immediately after the acceptance by the recruiting officer of an appli- 
cant for original enlistment or for reenlistment from the Navy, the recruiting 
officer will forward the man's enlistment contract to the commanding officer 
of the designated recruit depot, the applicant to follow as soon thereafter as 
possible. But where the man thus enlisted has had three months or more 
of the regular Navy course of training the recruiting officer will complete the 
enlistment (as directed in par. 4, art. 2-45), and forward the enlistment con- 
tract direct to the Adjutant and Inspector. He will see that the applications 
of the recruits and the certificates of the medical examiner on the enlistment 
r-ontracts are properly filled out and signed. He will carefully consider each 
enlistment contract completed or partially completed by him and see to it 
that the enlistment contract bears or has attached permanently to it papers 
which bear proper authorization for every modification of the contract of 
enlistment or which furnish authentication of every matter in which the case 
under consideration differs from the normal. 

(16) In preparing enlistment contracts for mailing care should be exercised 
to see that all necessary papers are appended, including the certificate of 

(2-37) 



2-56 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

personal examination by the recruiting officer, the written consent of parents 
or guardians where necessary, birth certificates where necessary, the statement 
of a wife of a married man as to nondependency beyond the man's pay as a 
private, recruit's agreement to proceed, copies of waivers, if any, etc. 

(17) Every entry made upon an enlistment contract must be carefully and 
permanently recorded at the recruiting office. Special care should be taken 
in the preparation of all such records. 

Transfers 

2-57 

(1) The officer in charge of a division is authorized to transfer enlisted 
men from one station to another within the limits of the. division under his 
control and order them to perform such travel as may be necessary in the 
performance of their duties in connection with the recruiting service. 

(2) An officer in charge of a recruiting division may transfer to the nearest 
marine barracks, without special authority from the Major General Com- 
mandant, any enlisted man who, in his opinion is unsatisfactory or unsuit- 
able, for any reason, for the recruiting service. 

(3) When a man is transferred to barracks from the recruiting service the 
recruiting officer will in every case enter upon the service-record book of 
the man concerned the reason therefor and whether or not his redetail to 
recruiting duty is recommended. 

(4) Whenever an enlisted man is transferred from the recruiting service a 
written statement will be obtained from him as to his indebtedness, if any, 
and the manner in which he proposes to liquidate it. Should the man claim 
to be free from debt, a statement to that effect will be obtained from him 
prior to transfer. Statements of indebtedness will not be forwarded to 
Headquarters, Marine Corps, unless the division officer deems disciplinary or 
other action necessary. 

(5) Should it be found necessary to send any man on recruiting duty, or 
any man on furlough reporting at a recruiting station for medical attend- 
ance, to a hospital, he will not be sent to a civil hospital unless a Government 
hospital (Naval, Army, Public Health Service, or Veterans' Bureau hospital) 
is not available. When sent to a civil hospital, the fact will be reported to 
the Major General Commandant immediately. 

(6) An enlisted man on recruiting duty who contracts a venereal disease 
.^hall at once be transferred from such duty and to either a post of the Marine 
Corps or to a naval hospital, as determined by the medical officer within whose 
immediate jurisdiction the case lies. 

(7) Accepted applicants must be transferred to the designated recruit depots 
as quickly as possible and invariably within -mx days from the date of accept- 
ance. 

(8) Accepted applicants will be transferred by the Eastern, Central, and 
Southern Recruiting Divisions, to the recruit depot, Parris Island, S. C. The 

(2-38) 



ENTRY INTO THE SERVICE 2-57 

(8) Accepted applicants will be transferred by the Eastern, Central, and 
Southern Recruiting Divisions, to the recruit depot, Parris Island, S. C, 
unless otherwise ordered. The Western Recruiting Division will transfer 
accepted applicants to the recruit depot, San Diego, Calif., unless otherwise 
ordered. (C. M. C. M. 2.) 

(9) Men accepted for enlistment as privates to learn the drum and trumpet 
in the Eastern, Central, and Southern Recruiting Divisions, will be transferred 
to the recruit depot. Parris Island, S. C, and those accepted in the Western 
Recruiting Division to the recruit depot, San Diego, Calif., unless otherwise 
ordered. (C. M. C. M. 2.) 

(10) Under no circumstances will a recruiting officer transfer an applicant 
who is suspected of having prior service when a " Special " identification record 
is sent to the Adjutant and Inspector for comparison, until a telegraphic re- 
port has been received. 

(11) When an applicant is accepted at an outlying station he will be trans- 
ferred to the district headquarters station, where he will be reexamined and, 
if deemed advisable, accepted and forwarded in the same manner as appli- 
cants originally accepted at the district headquarters stations. In cases where 
there is no naval medical officer on duty at the district headquarters, the ex- 
pense incident to reexamination by a civilian medical examiner is authorized. 

(12) Rescinded. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(13) Rescinded. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(14) All men, other than those mentioned in paragraphs 8, 9, 15, and 16, 
this article, eligible for reenlistment in the Marine Corps, may be transferred 
to the post of their choice if vacancies exist and provided the cost of such 
transfer does not exceed by $15 the cost of transportation to the nearest post. 

(15) The following class^of men will be transferred to the proper recruit 
depots, upon7^eenu^tmentin the Marine Corps, for the purpose of undergoing 
the prescribed course of training: 

(a) All . ex-marines who have remained out of the service for one year 

or over, 
(ft) All ex-Army and ex-Navy men, regardless of the period they have 

remained out of the service. (C. M. C. M. 2.) 

(16) Men who have had training only with military units at distinguished 
colleges or honor schools will be transferred to the prescribed recruit depots. 



^ 



(2-39) 



2-57 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

(17) Upon the reenlistment of ex-marines who have had tropical service 
within the year preceding their reenlistment, they will be informed by the re- 
cruiting officer concerned that they will have to be in the United States for 
at least 12 months before they can be transferred to a tropical station; that 
they will be transferred to some post within the United States for duty and 
upon the expiration of the 12 months from the date of their return from the 
Tropics, they can make official request to the Major General Commandant for 
transfer to tropical service, which will receive consideration. Requests for 
waivers on the subject matter, requesting authority to transfer reenlisted 
marines to foreign stations who have been returned from that duty within a 
year, are never granted. 

(18) In all cases where reenlisted marines are transferred to the marine 
barracks, naval operating base, Hampton Roads, Va., for further transfer to 
points in the West Indies, their service-record books and health records will 
be mailed to the commanding officer, marine barracks, naval operating base, 
Hampton Roads, Va., at the same time that the men are transferred, and a 
notation sent to the commandant, fifth naval district, naval operating base, 
Hampton Roads, Va., giving the man's name, rank, date of enlistment, date 
of transfer, and his ultimate destination in the West Indies. It is most 
important, in such cases, that the health record reaches Hampton Roads Va., 
in ample time, as otherwise the man will, in all probability, be held up pond- 
ing its receipt. 

(19) In connection with the transfers outlined in the preceding paragraph, 
it is also most important that such men be given the smallpox vaccination at 
the recruiting station prior to transfer therefrom, as the men who have not 
been vaccinated are not allowed to board the transport. 

Preparation op Fingerprint Records 

2-58 

(1) Fingerprint records (Form NMC 330) will be prepared and forwarded 
to the Adjutant and Inspector, without delay, in the cases of all men enlisting 
or reenlisting in the Marine Corps or Marine Corps Reserve, also when unac- 
knowledged prior service is suspected or when verification of prior service is 
necessary before enlistment. 

(2) Fingerprints will be made in service-record books only when enlistments 
have been accomplished. 

(3) No enlisted men or applicants will be transferred, nor will applicants 
be subsisted or lodged at Government expense, in cases where special identifi- 
cation has been requested. 



(2-40) 



ENTRY INTO THE SERVICE 2-60 

(4) When a special applicant has been accepted, a copy of the communica- 
tion from Headquarters will be attached to the enlistment contract. 

(5) Signature and signature impression, — The applicant will be required to 
sign his name in full on the line for " Signature of applicant " and immediately 
a rolled impression of his right index finger will be made in the space above 
the signature. Both signature and signature impression will be made in the 
presence of the officer or noncommissioned officer who is to sign the record, 
and who may be called upon, at a later date, to take oath that he did actually 
see the making and signing of the record to which his name is affixed. 

Beneficiary Slips 

2-59 

(1) A beneficiary slip will not be completed before actual enlistment of the 
man concerned. 

(2) Commanding and other officers will impress on enlisted men the necessity 
for designation of dependent relatives. The death gratuity can not be paid 
unless the names of dependent relatives have been duly recorded. 

(3) A new beneficiary slip is not required upon reenlistment, unless there is 
a change of beneficiary. 

SFttvirE-RECORD Books 

2-GO 

(1) Entries will not be made in any service-record book for an accepted 
applicant except upon completion of the enlistment. The fingerprints required 
to complete the opening entries in such book should be made in the actual 
presence of the. officer before whom the enlisted man takes the oath of enlist- 
ment. 

(2) In the cases of men reenlisting in the Marine Corps from the Army 
and Navy, who have been in an inactive status for some time prior to their 
discharge, recruiting officers will show on the enlistment contract and in the 
service-record book, in spaces provided, the actual dates of enlistments, the 
actual dates of discharge with ail other necessary data, and will also make a 
notation showing that the man was in an inactive status, giving dates. 

(3) Appropriate entry will be made in the service-record book in space 
urovided. when an ex-Marine, or ex-Xavy, or ex-Army man is reenlisted in the 
Marine Corps and granted furlough, of the number of days granted, together 
with the inclusive dates. 

(4) Spec/a/ qualifications. — Upon the reenlistment of a marine who possesses 
any special qualification other than military, as shown by his discharge certifi- 
cate, an entry of such qualification will be made on page 15 of his service- 
record book. (See art. 3-23 (4).) 



(2-41) 



2-61 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

Transportation 

2-61 

(1) In cases of rejection at the headquarters of the district, the recruiting 
officer will furnish the applicant return transportation and subsistence to the 
place of original application, if the applicant desires to return thereto, pro- 
vided that there has been no fraud perpetrated by the applicant, and provided 
further that he is not rejected by reason of his own misconduct. 

(2) When an applicant is so transferred to the headquarters station for 
acceptance, the following procedure with regard to his transfer thereto is 
prescribed : 

(a) Each noncommissioned officer in charge of an outlying station will be 
furnished by the district officer with one or more transportation requests, 
original and memorandum, or such as the officer in charge of the district may 
deem necessary, said requests to be drawn in favor of the noncommissioned 
officer in charge, countersigned and completely filled out, except that the 
number of persons to be transported will be left blank. No valid date will 
be inserted in the space provided therefor in the upper left-hand corner of 
transportation requests when issued and signed by the officer in charge of dis- 
trict headquarters for use by noncommissioned officers in charge of subdistrict 
stations. Only a limited number of transportation requests will be sent to 
these noncommissioned officers. The name of the traveler and the valid date 
should be left blank by the issuing officer and will be filled in by the non- 
commissioned officer in charge of the subdistrict station at the time of the 
completion. 

(o) When applicants are to be transferred from outlying stations the non- 
commissioned officer in charge will state on the request the number of persons 
to be transferred, noting their names on the reverse thereof, and will procure 
the tickets from the proper agent, giving in exchange therefor the request, 
which should be properly receipted and show date of such receipt. The 
tickets so procured will be turned over to the travelers at the railroad station 
just prior to the departure of the train. A member of the recruiting party 
will accompany all applicants to the railroad station, if practicable. Imme- 
diately after the departure of the applicant for the district headquarters the 
noncommissioned officer will, unless previously arranged, telegraph or telephone 
the recruiting officer the time when the applicant or applicants should arrive. 
The applicant should be given instructions prior to his departure to be on 
the lookout upon his arrival at the railroad depot of the city in which the 
headquarters station is located for a uniformed marine, and in case they 
should faiJ to meet to proceed at once to the headquarters .station, the address 
of which should be furnished him, or, in case of his arrival after office hours, 
to proceed to the hotel at which the recruiting party is stopping. The memo- 
randum request, with the names of the travelers noted on the reverse thereof, 
will be mailed to the district headquarters immediately after the transporta- 
tion has been procured, for use in making proper record of the transportation 

(2-42) 



ENTRY INTO THE SERVICE 2~61 

furnished, and will then be forwarded to the Quartermaster. Officers in 
charge of districts will use such methods as may be necessary to keep out' 
lying stations supplied with transportation requests in order that no delays 
in transferring applicants may occur. No other than the prescribed form of 
transportation request will be used by recruiting officers to obtain transporta- 
tion for applicants, except where street car or interurban electric railroad 
tickets are used. In territories where agreements are in force to divide the 
travel between the competing lines care will be exercised that such division 
is maintained. The receipt for transportation and cash will be signed by the 
applicant in all cases before leaving the recruiting office. Agents of all car- 
riers who have heretofore been authorized to accept orders other than the 
regular request should be instructed not to furnish transportation except in 
exchange for the regular Marine Corps transportation request. 

(c) The designation placed on transportation requests of enlisted men 
transferred from a recruiting station to a post will be "Enlisted man (men) 

TRANSFERRED." 

(3) Upon the receipt of notification from a postmaster to the effect that he 
has secured an applicant for enlistment, regardless of the classification of the 
postmaster, transportation request will be immediately forwarded to him, 
provided the notification has been accompanied by the proper papers, duly 
executed, and provided further that the district headquarters issuing such 
transportation is the nearest office of its kind to the town in which the appli- 
cant has been procured. In such cases transportation requests should be 
drawn in favor of the postmaster, who will be requested to exchange the 
request for the necessary transportation and to start the applicant on his 
journey to the district headquarters. 

(4) Transportation for enlisted men who are authorized to delay en route 
will be furnished as prescribed in article 16-45. The Government will only 
pay for such transportation at the lowest fare for the class furnished between 
points of origin and ultimate destination as applies at the time transporta- 
tion is furnished, and any excess cost must be paid by the traveler before same 
is issued. Where the authorized lay-over is in excess of the time allowed by 
carriers on stop-over privileges the traveler may be furnished with two 
requests, one reading to point of lay-over and the other from that point to 
destination, the time limit on the latter being extended for the necessary period. 
In order that the excess cost, if any, may be collected prior to the issuance 
of requests for transportation and sleeping-car accommodations, the Quarter- 
master should be communicated with, by telegraph if necessary, in cases where 
it is impracticable to otherwise ascertain the cost. The cost of telegraphing 
must be borne by the traveler. The transportation will not be furnished to 
any out-of-the-way places, but will be confined to junction points from and to 
which the traveler must make his own arrangements. Cash for meals en 
route will be furnished on the basis of the time involved in continued travel 
via the short-line route from point of origin to destination. 

(5) When accepted applicants are sent to a post, the most responsible man 
in the party will be placed in charge and given concise and explicit orders 

(2-43) 



2-61 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

regarding the travel of the party, and directions to reach their destination, a 
copy of which will be furnished to each member. Each accepted applicant 
must have his own railroad ticket, cash for meals, and transfers (street-car 
fare), and when authorized his own sleeping-car tickets. In no case will the 
man in charge be given the tickets, etc., for the entire party, except when 
the party is traveling on a party ticket, in which case the cash advanced for 
meals and transfer will be disposed of as above prescribed. 

(6) Where applicants are furnished with ca^h for meals and transfers, it 
will, wherever practicable, be delivered by the recruiting officer in person. 

(7) As far as practicable recruiting officers will so arrange transportation 
for applicants transferred from their districts that they will arrive at the 
post at a convenient hour. 

(8) All recruiting officers are authorized to procure transportation to 
cover the necessary travel of recruiting party, recruits, deserters, and strag- 
glers. 

(9) Medical officers of the Navy and Naval Reserve on duty as medical ex- 
aminers at district headquarters recruiting stations will, upon the application 
of the officer in charge of a recruiting division, be appointed acting recruiting 
officers and acting assistant quartermasters in the Marine Corps and author- 
ized to accept applicants during the absence of the recruiting officer, and to 
issue transportation, cash for meals, transfers, etc. 

(10) In cases where medical officers of the Navy and Naval Reserve are 
authorized to issue transportation, etc., they will be required to use the same 
book of transportation requests and the same funds for meals, transfer, 
etc., as the recruiting officer. Only one transportation account will be opened 
for each district headquarters recruiting station. 

(11) All cash advanced or transportation issued by medical officers will 
be embodied in reports forwarded to the Quartermaster by recruiting officers. 

Repeated Travel Ordees for Recruiting Officers 

2-62 

(1) All officers assigned to recruiting duty will be authorized, in individual 
orders addressed to them by name, to perform such repeated travel as may 
be necessary in the interests of the Government between their headquarters 
station and the various stations of the recruiting division or district to which 
f hey are attached ; or between any of the same, such as are at the time or may 
hereafter be established, or between their headquarters stations and such 
towns within the recruiting division or district as may be found necessary to 
visit for the purpose of determining the desirability of said towns as locations 
for the establishment of additional recruiting stations, provided that the said 
towns are rcithin the boundaries of the division or district to which they are 
attached. 

(2) The officer in charge of the recruiting division will be the judge of 
the necessity for travel involved when an officer in charge of a recruiting 

(2-44) 



ENTRY INTO THE SERVICE 2~63 

district travels beyond the geographical limits of the district to which he is 
assigned, and will issue individual orders in the premises. 

(3) Officers who have orders to perform repeated travel will be allowed 
actual traveling expenses not in excess of the amounts fixed by Navy Regu- 
lations. (See art. 1815, N. R.) 

(4) The prior approval of the Major General Commandant must be ob- 
tained by officers for the use of privately owned automobiles for the perform- 
ance of repeated travel on official business. When such approval is granted, 
reimbursement is authorized for the actual cost of gasoline and oil used and 
for garage rent for necessary stopovers, provided the total expenses for the 
trip are not in excess of what they would have been had the travel been per- 
formed by railroad. Expense claims may be submitted to the proper officer 
of the Paymaster's Department as often as is convenient, not exceeding, how- 
ever, four for any one calendar month. 

(5) When privately owned automobiles are used by officers for the per- 
formance of repeated travel on official business vouchers for reimbursement 
for gasoline and oil used in such travel should not only show the quantities of 
gasoline and oil used, the unit price per gallon paid, and the places between 
which the travel was performed and the distance, but should show the make 
of the automobile and any unusual conditions existing at the time and place 
of travel. (See Comp. Gen. Dec. March 5, 1925.) 

(6) Recruiting officers will procure for themselves on Government trans- 
portation requests all railroad tickets for transportation and Pullman accom- 
modations, except transportation over inter urban lines. 

(7) Such officers will be reimbursed by the proper officer of the Paymaster's 
Department to the amounts of the actual cose to themselves of railroad tickets 
over interurban lines as paid for in cash by them at the time of travel, travel- 
ing expense claims embodying the same to be submitted as often as may be 
convenient to the claimants, not exceeding, however, four for one calendar 
month. 

(8) When a naval medical officer, attached to a Marine Corps recruiting 
station, is detached from duty thereat, the recruiting officer will issue trans- 
portation request on the railroad company for transportation of the medical 
officer's family and show on the request that the charges are to be billed to 
the Bureau of Supplies and Accounts, Navy Department, Washington, D. C. 

(9) Officers traveling on recruiting duty will use trains on which no extra 
fare is charged or, if they do use for any reason a train on which an extra 
fare is charged, they will not bill the excess to the Government for payment. 
(See art. 16-22.) 

Recbuit Depots 

2-63 

(1) No allowance for the transfer of baggage of applicants for enlistment 
while en route from recruiting stations to designated posts will be authorized 
under any circumstances. 

(2-45) 



2-63 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

(2) Accepted applicants for enlistment will be taken up upon their arrival 
at a post for rations and quarters but not for pay. 

(3) As far as practicable, recruits will be retained at a recruit depot for a 
three-months' course of instruction in order that they may be thoroughly 
grounded in their duties when transferred to stations for regular duty. 

(4) Upon the arrival at a recruit depot of an accepted applicant for enlist- 
ment the executive officer will satisfy himself as to the desirability of the 
applicant, and, if otherwise desirable, will have him thoroughly examined by 
the medical officer of the station. If the applicant is found not qualified, he 
will be immediately rejected. Applicants found qualified will be enlisted 
within 10 days of their arrival at the recruit depot, but no applicant will be 
enlisted on the day of his arrival except in the case of reenlisted men of whose 
record there is no question. 

(5) The medical officer at the recruit depot should verify the medical 
certificate on the enlistment paper of an applicant and make the necessary 
entries in the service-record book. In the event of errors in the medical 
examiner's certificate on the enlistment contract the medical officer should 
make the necessary corrections as provided for in the service-record book. 

(6) When an applicant has been accepted at a recruit depot, the enlistment 
will be accomplished by administering the oath and otherwise completing the 
enlistment contract and service-record book. The date and place of oath as 
shown on the enlistment paper will be entered in the service-record book as 
the date and place of enlistment, and the man will be carried accordingly on 
the muster and pay rolls. Enlistment contracts, upon completion, will be for- 
warded at once direct to the Adjutant and Inspector. 

(7) Immediately upon the rejection of an applicant at the depot or post to 
which transferred, Form NMC-69 (report of rejection of applicant) will 
be made out and mailed direct to the Major General Commandant; a copy 
will be forwarded to the officer in charge of the division in which the appli- 
cant was accepted, and, in the event that the rejection has been made upon 
recommendation of the medical examiner, a copy to the Bureau of Medicine 
and Surgery. Should the applicant elope or refuse to complete his enlistment, 
Form NMC-640 (report of failure to complete enlistment) will be filled out 
and one copy mailed direct to the Major General Commandant and one copy 
to the officer in charge of the division in which the applicant was accepted. 
The enlistment paper of the applicant, with the date and cause of rejection 
entered thereon, or the fact of the elopement or refusal to take the oath, will 
accompany the copy of the report mailed to the Major General Commandant. 

(8) If, in the opinion of the commanding and medical officers at the recruit 
depot, the disqualification in the case of a rejected applicant is of such a 
nature as should have been discovered at the recruiting station where the 
applicant was accepted and forwarded, or, in the case of the refusal of the 
applicant to complete his enlistment, it appears that unwarranted representa- 
tion or inducements were held out to him at the recruiting station, the com- 
manding officer will report by letter to the Major General Commandant all 
the facts of the case, this report to be attached to and accompany the man's 

(2-46) 



ENTRY INTO THE SERVICE 2-64 

enlistment contract and report of rejection or failure to complete enlistment, 
as the case may be. 

(9) Accepted applicants who are found unfit for the service on final exami- 
nation at posts will be regarded as remaining under military observation until 
they have been returned to the recruiting stations at which they were accepted 
or until they have arrived at those stations after they have been transferred 
thereto. 

(10) Upon arrival at recruit depots, the men enlisted as "Privates to learn 
the drum and trumpet" will be required to take the same training as regu- 
larly enlisted privates in addition to their musical training. 

(11) In order that the executive officer at the recruit depot may check the 
accuracy of the statements made by recruits at the time of acceptance a 
circular letter (Form NMC-608) will be mailed by the recruiting officer, in- 
closing a card (Form NMC— 600), to the next of kin. There will be inclosed 
with this letter an envelope addressed to the commanding officer of the recruit 
depot to which the applicant has been, or is to be, transferred. The accepted 
applicant's name will be written on the back of the card and the return address 
in the upper left-hand corner of the enclosed envelope will also be completed. 
Should the recruiting officer's circular letter be returned to him undelivered 
it will be enclosed in an envelope and mailed to the commanding officer of 
the recruit depot to which the applicant has been sent. These letters will 
not be sent to the next of kin of reenlisted men. 

(12) Where the result of letters referred to in the preceding paragraph is 

such as to indicate that the name or address (or both) of the next of kin, as 

furnished by the recruit, are incorrect, the executive officer will take the 

matter up with the recruit, to the end that corrections may be made on the 

service-record book and the Adjutant and Inspector notified. 

. 
Boaed and Lodging 

2-64 

(1) The record of board and lodging furnished at each station other than 
a district headquarters station will be kept by the noncommissioned officer in 
charge, who will forward the monthly bills in duplicate to the Headquarters 
station. 

(2) Meal and lodging orders will at all times be kept under lock and key 
in the custody of the recruiting officer, and a strict record of every order issued 
shall be kept, showing the number of the order, the name of the man to whom 
issued, the name of the contractor, the date, and the number of meals and 
lodgings called for. 

(3) When the recruiting officer is about to leave his headquarters station 
for any period during which the issuance of meal or lodging orders may be- 
come necessary he will turn over to the naval surgeon attached to the district 
headquarters, who is an acting assistant quartermaster of the Marine Corps 
when so appointed by the Major General Commandant, the meal and lodging 
orders of the said district headquarters station. 

(2-47) 



2-64 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

(4) When circumstances render necessary the issuance to a noncommissioned 
officer for reissuance of meal and lodging orders, the recruiting officer will 
personally give such explicit orders as will insure safe-keeping and satisfac- 
tory accounting. 

(5) When contractors render bills for lodging or meals, the supporting 
orders must be attached, to be detached therefrom by the recruiting officer 
and retained in his files when the voucher is forwarded to division head- 
quarters. 

(6) When a meal or lodging order has been canceled for any reason, such 
order will be plainly marked " Canceled " across the face and retained by the 
recruiting officer. 

(7) If the applicant passes the physical examination of the medical ex- 
aminer and, in the opinion of the noncommissioned officer in charge, is qualified, 
he may be lodged and subsisted at Government expense awaiting the recruiting 
officer, subject to the provisions of paragraph 9 and article 2-52(13). 

(8) Minors or applicants whose enlistment is doubtful will not be lodged 
or subsisted. 

(9) Applicants who have not passed the physical examination will not be 
lodged or subsisted, except when waivers have been requested from the Major 
General Commandant. If for any reason an applicant concerning whom a 
waiver is pending is retained for a period of 10 days from the date of his 
first physical examination, he will be required to undergo another examination. 

(10) Recruiting officers may subsist applicants pending verification of age 
and pending replies to telegrams on the subject, but only in cases where no 
fraud or attempted fraud is suspected and where it is impossible for the ap- 
plicant to be subsisted with his family. 

(11) Recruiting officers will not subsist or lodge applicants pending dis- 
charge from the National Guard. 

(12) Recruiting officers may subsist and lodge applicants pending verifica- 
tion of prior service ii£ accordance with instructions contained herein^^^^**^" 

(13) Recruumg^officers are authorized to subsist applicants for enlistment 
in the Marine Corps pending receipt of consent of parents or legal guardians, 
but such subsistence will not be beyond the period allowed by these instruc- 
tions. 

(14) Recruiting officers must, whenever it is possible to do so, have appli- 
cants subsist and lodge themselves pending verification of age and prior 
service, etc. It is the duty of each officer attached to the recruiting service 
to economize in every way, as any expenses incurred are charged against their 
districts and against the final cost per recruit for their districts and divisions. 

Agreements fob Rent 

2-65 

(1) Officers in charge of recruiting divisions will cause to be prepared six 
copies of each agreement (seven on the Pacific coast), on blank forms provided 
for the purpose, in which the rooms or offices to be occupied as division head- 

(2-48) 



ENTRY INTO THE SERVICE 2~67 

quarters, district headquarters, or other recruiting establishment will be 
described in detail, giving the location; also the monthly rental, and, when 
practicable, heat, light, water, janitor service, towel service, etc., will be 
included. When furniture is included the articles will be enumerated. After 
the agreements have been prepared, signed by the lessor or his legal repre- 
sentative, and the signature duly witnessed, they will be immediately mailed 
under cover addressed to the officer in charge of recruiting, Marine Corps, 
accompanied by a full explanation as to whether the premises rented are to take 
the place of some other station to be closed, and such other details as may be perti- 
nent. If the lessor is a corporation, the agreement should be signed in the corpora- 
tion's name by one of the officers and the capacity in which he signs, and sealed 
with the corporate seal ; where the lessor is a partnership the agreement should be 
signed in the firm's name, followed by the signature of one of the members thereof 
and the words " One of the firm." Agreements should not extend beyond the 
end of the fiscal year. The contractor should subscribe only to the original form, 
and name should be stamped or typewritten, if practicable, on all other copies. 
(2) Heat and light not covered by contract, and electricity or gas when used 
should be arranged for by the officer in charge of the division without sub- 
mitting requisition therefor. 

Deserters and Stragglers 

2-66 

(1) When a recruiting officer receives a copy of an offer of reward he will 
interest himself in the apprehension and return of the deserter to his post and 
will take such steps as may be practicable to that end. Such steps may include 
interviewing members of the deserter's family with a view to obtaining informa- 
tion and explaining to them the importance of inducing the deserter to immedi- 
ately return to his post of duty or surrender at the nearest Marine Corps post 
or recruiting station. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(2) Recruiting officers will report the delivery or surrender of deserters 
and stragglers by telegraph to the Major General Commandant or the Com- 
manding General, Department of the Pacific, within the limits of that de- 
partment, stating date and place of apprehension or surrender, and will for- 
ward a written report in duplicate as required by article 7-9. 

(3) Report of the hour and date of delivery and a statement of all expenses 
incurred will be forwarded to the commanding officer of the post to which 
the absentee is sent and a carbon copy of said report mailed to the Major 
General Commandant. (See arts. 18-81 and 18-82.) 

Noncommissioned Officers 

2-67 

(1) The following will govern the appointment of first sergeants, sergeants, 
and corporals authorized by article 2-37 (6 to 10) : 

(2) The officer in charge of each recruiting division, having first satisfied him- 
self of the man's fitness for the position, will announce in orders, and will mus- 

(£-49) 



2-67 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

ter from the date of such announcements, first sergeants, sergeants, and corporals. 
Such orders will be entered in the records of the recruiting division and a copy of 
each order will be forwarded to the Adjutant and Inspector, to the paymaster 
carrying the accounts of the division, and a copy furnished to each man concerned. 

(3) A member of a recruiting party announced and mustered as first 
sergeant, sergeant, or corporal, will be reduced only when requested by the 
district officer, and approved by the division officer, except for misconduct or 
when it is necessary to transfer him to another station where no vacancy 
exists in the rank held by him. Appointments as first sergeants, sergeants, 01 
corporals will, however, terminate whenever men are relieved from recruiting 
duty, or when the stations at which they are serving are discontinued, unless 
they are assigned to other recruiting stations where there are vacancies, in 
which cases, if transferred with the same rank, their warrants will be indorsed 
to the effect that they are continued in force for duty at the station to which 
they are transferred. The officer in charge of a recruiting division will in 
every case announce in orders the date of the termination of an appointment 
as first sergeant, sergeant, or corporal and furnish copies of each order as 
indicated in the preceding paragraph. 

(4) The following forms will be used in making appointments and reduc- 
tions of noncommissioned officers in the recruiting service: 

Headquarters, Recruiting Division, 

Address 

Date 

Order No. 

, (rank) (name), United States Marine 

Corps, is hereby appointed a , (rank) , in 

the U. S. Marine Corps from , (date) p for 

service at the recruiting station, at (place) 

Signature 

U. S. Marine Corps, 

In Charge of Division. 

Headquarters, Recruiting Division, 

Address 

Date Z~„ 

Order No. 

, (rank) (name) 

United States Marine Corps, who was appointed a t (rank) 

, from , (date) , for recruit- 
ing service at the recruiting station at (place) 

is hereby reduced to the rank of (rank) IIIZZZZ 

from this date, by reason of discontinuance of that station (or other causes 

such as transferred to the marine barracks at (place)' 

, for duty, or by reason of transfer to a station atwhich no 

vacancy exists) . Signature 

U. 8. Marine Corps, 

In Charge of Division. 

(5) In transferring a noncommissioned officer on recruiting duty from one 
station to another in the same division where a vacancy exists for a noncom- 
missioned officer of that rank, a new letter of appointment will not be issued, 

(2-50) 



ENTRY INTO THE SERVICE 2~68 

but the warrant in the possession of such noncommissioned officer will be in- 
dorsed by the officer in charge of the division to the effect that such warrant is 
continued in effect and entered against the complement of the station to which 
transfer is made, and the Major General Commandant will at once be notified 
of this indorsement by letter. 

(6) Within the complements all men transferred to recruiting duty will be 
appointed corporals (recruiting warrants) and all qualified corporals appointed 
sergeants (recruiting warrants), provided the recruiting officer concerned, 
after a reasonable lapse of time, deems that the men have become acquainted 
with their recruiting duties and have proven their worth as recruiters; other- 
wise transfer to barracks will be made. 

(7) Officers in charge of recruiting divisions are authorized to promote com- 
petent and reliable members of the recruiting service, within their division, to 
the rank of first sergeant (recruiting warrant), provided vacancies exist. 

(8) Noncommissioned officers and privates first class will be reduced to 
privates upon joining the recruiting service. Reduction will be effected by the 
officer in charge of the recruiting division by letter, the original to the man 
and a copy to the Major General Commandant. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(9) Men who have been reduced in accordance with paragraph (8) and 
who are subsequently transferred from the recruiting service after service 
which would have entitled them to hold their rank if they had remained in 
general service, shall, except when the transfer is for serious misconduct, be 
appointed as follows: (a) To the rank of sergeant if the reduction was from a 
higher rank; and (&) to the rank from which reduced, if that rank was ser- 
geant or below. Appointment will be made by the officer in charge of the 
recruiting division by letter, the original to the man and a copy to the Major 
General Commandant. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(10) When the transfer from recruiting duty is for serious misconduct, the 
officer in charge of the division will report the circumstances to the Major 
General Commandant with recommendation as to appointment. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(11) For instructions regarding the reappointment of noncommissioned 
officers and privates first class upon reenlistment see article 6-31. 

Public Property 

2-68 

(1) Officers in charge of recruiting divisions will be accountable for all 
public property in their respective divisions. Officers in charge of recruiting 
districts will keep the division officer supplied with all the data necessary to 
enable him to render his returns. 

(2) Returns of public property for all stations in a division should be con- 
solidated and but one return rendered by the division, accompanied by lists 
showing the particular stations at which the articles are on hand. 

(3) A sufficient supply of rubber coats, hats, and boots to properly protect 
recruiters in inclement weather, should be kept on hand at each station or ob- 
tained by requisition submitted to the nearest Marine Corps depot of supplies. 

(2-51) 



2-69 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

stationery. Blank Forms, and Supplies 

2-69 

(1) Ail s ationery. blank forms, etc., may be obtained by requisition sub- 
in. tttd to the depot quartermaster, United States Mar me Corps, Philadelphia, 
Pa., to the limit of the allowances set forth in Marine Corps orders. Posters 
and supplies proper to the recruiting service only and not listed by the depot 
quartermaster referred to may be obtained from the Marine Corps recruiting 
bureau. 

(2) Supplies not enumerated in the annual order and which are required 
at recruiting stations, including laundry and towel service, will be procured by 
submitting open-purchase requisition, in duplicate, to the Quartermaster, via 
the officer in charge of recruiting, Headquarters, Marine Corps. Such requi- 
sitions must describe fully the articles or services required, and must specifi- 
cally state the stations on account of which the expense is to be incurred, the 
purpose for which intended (if not obvious), and the estimated cost of each 
article or service (when possible). In the case of consumable supplies or of 
services to be rendered, the period during which the articles or services will 
be required (not extending beyond the current fiscal year) must be shown. 

(3) Storm and recruiting flags will be repaired, when necessary, at the 
depot of supplies, Philadelphia, Pa., and put in good condition before being 
laundered and before being reissued to the recruiting districts. 

(4) Open-purchase requisition will be submitted to the Quartermaster, via 
the officer in charge of recruiting, for such of the following articles as may 
be deemed necessary for the use of applicants for enlistment while held under 
observation at a recruiting station: 

Brooms, whisk. Polish, shoe, russet. 

Brushes, blacking. Paper, toilet. 

Brushes, hair. Towels, huckaback. 

Combs, medium. Soap, toilet. 
Polish, shoe, black. 

Motor Transportation 

2-70 

(1) Motor transport materiel assigned to any division may be transferred 
from point to point within the division at the discretion of the division officer, 
but under no circumstances may be transferred to points beyond the jurisdic- 
tion of the division officer concerned without specific orders from the Major 
General Commandant. 

(2) No motor transportation assigned to the recruiting service will be re- 
turned to the Quartermaster's Department without the approval of the officer 
in charge of recruiting. 

(3) Officers in charge of recruiting divisions will render a monthly motor- 
transportation report to the Quartermaster on the prescribed form. A copy 
of this report will be furnished the officer in charge of recruiting. 

(2-52) 



ENTKY INTO THE SERVICE 2~ 72 

Requisitions 
2-71 

Open-purchase requisitions, regardless of the nature of the service, com- 
modity, etc., to be procured, must be forwarded via the officer in charge of 
recruiting. 

Inspections 

2-72 

(1; Division officers will inspect their entire divisions every two months., 
and upon assuming charge ot divisions will inspect within 30 days. District 
officers will inspect their districts every month, and upon assuming charge of 
districts will inspect within 15 days. Division and district officers will also 
inspect when in their opinion special conditions require their presence. 
(C. M. C. M. 2.) * 

(2) Division and district officers will not inspect their divisions and dis- 
tricts at more or less fixed periods, but will make these inspections at irregu- 
lar and unexpected times. 

(3) In making inspections division officers should pay particular attention 
to the following points: 

(a^ Location of offices. — Desirability of locution for securing applicants; 
proximity to railroad station; accessibility; number of rooms; 
suitability and arrangement of; storage space; convenience of 
lavatories ; heat, light, and water, and janitor service ; cleanliness. 

(b) Personnel. — Condition of uniform; suitability of uniform considering 
weather conditions ; personal appearance of party ; condition of 
transportation ; cash on hand ; condition of regulations, bulletins, 
and other files; conduct and standing of officers and men in 
communities. 

(o) Office equipment. — Furniture, typewriters, file cases, and cabinets; 
patriotic decorations; service pictures; railroad maps and time- 
tables; State and city maps. 

(d) Public property. — Location of, condition of, sufficiency of allowance; 

repairs necessary. 

(e) Books and pamphlets necessary.— Marine Corps Manual; Marine Corps 

orders; Navy Department general orders; Navy Regulations; 
Manual. Medical Department, U. S. Navy, 1922; official recruiting 
bulletins, daily, weekly, monthly, and annual. 

(f) Efficiency of command. — Railroad transportation facilities, whether 

satisfactory or otherwise, and the same regarding service of 
board and lodging contracts, relations with civil officials (mayor, 
chief of police, street commissioners), chambers of commerce, rail- 
road officials, Rotary or Kiwanis Clubs, and similar organizations, 
postmasters, newspaper editors, with Army and Navy recruiting 
service, National Guard officers; knowledge of local conditions as 
to demand, supply, and movements of labor; the terms on which 

(2-63) 



2-72 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

enlisted personnel stands with civil and military officials, news- 
paper men, etc. ; whether postmaster has given permission for ex- 
hibition of pads of handbills and recruiting cabinets from letter 
boxes and in post offices; whether any articles have been written 
by local recruiters for local newspapers; what steps, if any, have 
been taken toward promoting friendly rivalry between stations 
and substations; recruiting personnel as to neatness and alertness, 
whether habitually in correct uniforms; how often inspected by 
recruiting officers ; whether service of civilian medical examiners 
is satisfactory. 

(g) inspection of outlying stations. — Report upon location, size, conven- 
iences, condition of offices; sufficiency and condition of public 
property, books, records, and blank forms; enlisted personnel, as 
to knowledge of recruiting instructions and the duties of a non- 
commissioned officer on recruiting duty; whether railroad trans- 
portation facilities are ample and satisfactory; efficiency of medi- 
cal examiners; conditions of records, reports, fingerprint equip- 
ment, and clerical work; and the condition of the establishment 
having the contract to feed and lodge applicants. Add such infor- 
mation as may be obtainable and applicable in connection with 
matters mentioned in this article. (C. M. 0. M. 2.) 

(h) In order to properly cover the subject matter, the recruiting officer 
should obtain, prior to starting on his tour of inspection, an up-to- 
date list of all recruiting stations in the district to be toured, 
addresses of civilian medical examiners, roster of the enlisted 
personnel, names and addresses of the board and lodging con- 
tractors. The inspecting officer will require that all published 
changes affecting any of the publications mentioned in this article 
shall be posted up to date before the termination of his visit of 
inspection or, if proper notice of such change is not at hand, that 
official application therefor is forwarded at once. Such applica- 
tion shall state the necessity (such as nonreceipt of the original 
notice of change, loss of such notice, etc.) and shall be indorsed 
by the inspecting officer with respect to the same matter. 

(i) Addresses of ex-marines. — Completeness and accuracy of files of, as 
shown by comparison with lists of "Marines eligible for reenlist- 
ment" of various dates. 

(/) Fingerprint filing system. — Completeness and accuracy of the station 
finger-print system for the detection of undesirables. 

(4) Division headquarters will keep a record of all inspections of subdis- 
tricts, central auxiliary and auxiliary recruiting stations, and district officers 
will keep a record of all inspections in subdistricts. The regular and thorough 
inspection of all stations is regarded as a matter of prime importance, and 
all instructions pertaining thereto will be strictly followed. 

(5) Recruiting officers will make daily inspections of their headquarters 
stations and weekly inspections of other stations in the same city as the head- 
quarters station. 

(2-54) 



ENTEY INTO THE SEEVICE 



2-73 



(6) Date showing inspections by division and district officers will be shown 
on bulletins prepared at division headquarters. 

Vouchees 

2-73 

(1) Rescinded. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(2) Vouchers for rent of stations and furniture, for board and lodging 
furnished under agreement, for the physical examination of applicants for 
enlistment, for telegrams, bill posting, laundry service, and for other services 
and articles purchased, such as furniture, street-car tickets, etc., in a recruiting 
division will be prepared on the prescribed form at the division headquarters 
and forwarded to the Quartermaster as soon as practicable for payment. 
Such accounts, as mentioned above, shall be stated on the voucher form in 
order to eliminate, as far as practicable, the necessity of attaching certified 
bills. 

(3) The Western Division will forward vouchers to the depot quartermaster, 
Marine Corps, San Francisco, Calif. Vouchers from all other recruiting 
divisions will be forwarded to the Quartermaster. 

(4) In order to prevent unnecessary delay in the settlement of the accounts 
of contractors, officers in charge of recruiting divisions will give special atten- 
tion to obtaining bills promptly at the end of each month or at such time as 
the amounts are due, for services rendered or supplies furnished, vouchering 
same and forwarding them to the office of the Quartermaster Department 
designated to pay the same. All bills should be carefully audited before being 
vouchered. 

(5) Vouchers for board and lodging of recruiting parties and applicants 
should give the name of each man and the date on which subsistence and 
lodging are furnished. For example : 



Meals 



Lunches 



Lodgings 



Henry Smith, Sgt.; Bl to L2 and D 17 to lunch 18. 

John Jones, Appl.; D2 to S2 

Tom Browne, Pvt.; L5 to D6 

George Brooks, Pvt.; S16 to L17 

Patrick McKay, Appl.; D17 to lunch 17 



Total. 



18 



18 meals at 40 cents each. _ 
2 lunches at 25 cents each. 
6 lodgings at 75 cents each. 



$7.20 

.50 

4.50 



Total - 12.20 



<3-«5) 



2-73 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

(6) Officers in charge of recruiting districts and noncommissioned officers in 
charge of subdistrict headquarters stations will furnish board and lodging, 
when necessary, to guards sent from the various marine barracks to recruiting 
stations for the purpose of receiving and returning stragglers and deserters to 
their proper stations. The furnishing of the above services under board and 
lodging agreements executed by the recruiting service in connection with the 
subsistence of applicants for enlistment is permissible. Report of expense 
involved in such cases should be promptly made to the proper commanding 
officer on Form NMC-698. The utmost care will be exercised to the end that 
the expense incident to furnishing such board and lodging will not be included 
on Form NMC-849. 

(7) In preparing vouchers for the transfer of baggage the voucher should 
give the name of the enlisted man, the number of pieces of baggage, and should 

state that such hauling was in connection wth transportaton request No. 

dated (date) , and that no money for transportation of 

baggage was furnished thereon. Vouchers for hauling public property to and 
from freight stations should show the number of the bill of lading on which 
shipment was made. 

(8) A record will be kept at each recruiting station of all vouchers for- 
warded to the Quartermaster's Department for payment, with the name of the 
payee and the date of service, amount, and date of forwarding. 

(9) Recruiting officers will prepare vouchers for expenses which they may 
incur while traveling and forward same to the assistant paymaster having 
the pay accounts of the district for payment. 

(10) When a contractor certifies on the face of a bill as follows: "I certify 
that the above bill is correct and just and that payment therefor has not 
been received," it is not necessary that certificates on vouchers be signed by 
him, but it is preferable that the accounts be stated in full on the voucher 
form and the certificate properly executed by the contractor, as far as prac- 
ticable, in order to eliminate the use of certified bills. 

(11) Vouchers covering payment of reward for apprehension and delivery 
of deserters and stragglers will be prepared as prescribed in article 18-81. 
(C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(12) Vouchers for such professional services as specified in the following 
paragraph should be supported by the physician's bill, which bill should in- 
clude, in addition to the information specified, the full name of each applicant 
examined. 

(13) Accounts for examination and vaccination of recruits will show the 
physician's address and the particular location of the recruiting station, the 
number of applicants examined each day and the charge, and the number of 
men vaccinated each day and the charge. The recuiting officer will certify 



(2-56) 



ENTRY INTO THE SERVICE 2"74 

that the men examined were applicants for enlistment and that the men 
vaccinated were recruits enlisted and duly sworn or applicants accepted for 
enlistment, as the case may be. 

(14) When medical treatment, including medicine, nursing, and hospital 
care, is required by an enlisted man on recruiting duty and can not otherwise 
be had, the recruiting officer may employ the necessary civilian service to 
furnish it, also in emergency dental treatment, all in accordance with Bureau 
of Medicine and Surgery circular letter 389-1925 of 2 January, 1925, and 
accompanying instructions. Slat eopicci of voucher fei' - Ha ^di^a!^ajtoida3a€>e^will 
•be-gre pa T ed -and forwa Ttteri-"to~ tuc Durcft t i ' o f- ■ Medicin e and -' fli irge i ' y r-Tia the 
Qua r rcrinaoteis ■ Marine Oop pa; -fo^i-nty merit. Accounts will show the full name 
of the physician and his address. The visits charged for will be set forth 
chronologically, giving under each date the full name and rank of the patient 
treated, the disease or injury in each case, and the charge. Additional visits 
made on the same day will be entered separately and marked " Second visit," 
" Third visit," etc., and the necessity therefor must be explained, the patient 
named, and the separate charges therefor noted. The charge must not exceed 
the usual local rate or the maximum compensation authorized by regulations. 
Any unusual charge must be fully explained. If the medicines charged for 
extra by the physician were supplied from his own stock, he must so certify 
and furnish an itemized list thereof. If the medicines were supplied by a 
druggist and paid for by the physician, the former's itemized receipted bill 
showing payment by the latter is required as a subvoucher, accompanied by 
the prescriptions, each prescription showing upon its face the date, the drug- 
gist's file number, the price, and the name of the patient for whom the medi- 
cines were prescribed. Medicines furnished by a druggist and not paid for by 
the physician will not be allowed for in the latter's account. The physician 
will certify that the account is correct and just, and that the charges do not 
exceed the customary local rates. The recruiting officer will certify to the 
correctness of the accounts, stating that the enlisted man named was on duty 
at the time and place of treatment, and state why it was impossible to secure 
the services of a naval medical officer. When civilian medical attendance is 
procured by an enlisted man he will make affidavit to the required certificate. 

Mustek Rolls, Pay Vouchers, and Reports 

2-74 

(1) Officers in charge of divisions will render the pay and muster rolls for 
their respective divisions. They will be furnished by the officers in charge 
of districts with all the data necessary for the purpose. 

(2) Noncommissioned officers of the recruiting service will be entered on 
the muster rolls as of those grades, and on the pay vouchers entry will be 
made under "Remarks," showing the nature of the appointment, by whom 
made, its date, the station for which the appointment is made, and such other 
remarks as are called for by the pay roll. 

(2-57) 



2-74 MARINE COEPS MANUAL 

(3) When a noncommissioned officer on recruiting duty is transferred from 
one division to another where a vacancy exists for a noncommissioned officer 
of that rank the officer in charge of the division where the noncommissioned 
officer is next to be paid will add to the above-mentioned remarks that the 
appointment is continued in force for duty at the station to which transferred. 

(4) Officers in charge of divisions will direct officers in charge of districts 
and noncommissioned officers in charge of subdistrict stations to report on 
the first of each month in the form of a tabulated statement, showing the 
number of applicants accepted as the results of the efforts of the individual 
under consideration, month by month, for the three months immediately pre- 
ceding the date of report. Such reports will be lodged in the files of the 
division officer concerned. 

(5) A similar tabulated report as referred to in the preceding paragraph 
should be posted in each recruiting office to show each individual his standing. 

(6) Officers in charge of divisions will, as soon as practicable after the first 
day of each month, submit a report containing the following data to the 
officer in charge of recruiting : 

List of recruiting stations, arranged by districts, giving street addresses, 
monthly rental, roster of officers of the Navy and Marine Corps, and 
men on duty, and recapitulation of same. 
One copy of the report will be mailed direct to the officer in charge, Marine 
Corps recruiting bureau. 

(7) All district recruiting officers will forward to the officer in charge of 
recruiting, in duplicate, reports of the acceptance and reenlistment of men 
transferred to Marine Corps posts for assignment to aviation duty. 

(8) Report of delivery of discharge certificates, together with the future 
address of the man concerned, -and Lhu seiial numUel' ol the good-comitiet 
insignia, wbe»-&»eh are* delivered with discharge certificate* will be reported 
on Form 312. 

(9) It is directed that district recruiting officers see to it personally that 
every transfer effected by their orders is promptly and accurately reported 
to division headquarters by notation on the daily report. 

(10) Division headquarters will each day report to the Adjutant and In- 
spector, on Form NMC-312, transfers affecting the personnel of their divi- 
sions, whether such transfers are from point to point within the division 
or within the district, or to points beyond either. This does not apply to 
accepted applicants nor to men reenlisted and transferred to posts. 

(11) Reports of transfers, where such transfers are to points beyond the 
limits of the division, will also be made, with additional copy to the pay- 
master having charge of the rolls of the division and to the Quartermaster. 

Expense 

2-75 

(1) Officers in charge of recruiting districts will prepare the monthly 
reports of recruiting (Form 40-B) and monthly report of expense (Form 73-B) 
for the stations in their respective districts, submitting same to the officer in 

(2-58) 



ENTRY INTO THE SERVICE 2~75 

charge of the division. These reports will be audited at the division head- 
quarters and forwarded to the officer in charge of recruiting. Separate re- 
ports of expense will be included in the consolidated report for the division 
(Form 73-A). These reports must be forwarded so as to reach Headquarters 
not later than the 10th day of the month following the period which they 
cover. 

(2) Expenses in connection with the meals, transportation, etc., of reservists 
transferred to the regular Marine Corps shall not be included in the reports 
of expense referred to in the preceding paragraph. 

(3) Commuted allowances of members of recruiting parties will not be 
reported on Forms 73-A and 73-B, referred to in paragraph (1), this article, 
as such allowances should not figure in the per capita cost of recruits ; but the 
additional pay of noncommissioned officers paid to them by virtue of their 
holding recruiting warrants will be included, such pay being a proper charge 
against the cost of procuring enlistments. 

(4) In the preparation of reports of recruiting, accepted applicants will be 
credited to the place of application and not the place of final acceptance. 

(5) In order that the districts may do themselves strict justice, uniformity 
in reporting total number of applicants is essential. For this purpose the 
following method must be followed: 

Under "Applicants" (item No. 26, Form 73-B) the following will be 
included : 

All men who have been examined physically for enlistment, whether 
accepted or rejected, and all men who have proceeded so far toward 
enlisting that they have entered a recruiting office, and who have 
actually entered upon definite inquiry as to the nature and duration 
of service, rates of pay, etc. 

(6) Automobile recruiting parties attached to recruiting districts will be 
considered, for the purpose of the reports herein contemplated, as recruiting 
stations, and all applicants accepted by such parties from outlying towns not 
having recruiting stations will be credited to "Road party No. ." 

(7) In preparing monthly report of expense it is essential that there should 
be included, under the appropriate headings, every item of expense other than 
the pay and allowances of officers and enlisted men (except as regards addi- 
tional pay of noncommissioned officers holding recruiting warrants, see par. 3, 
above), together with the number of applicants, as defined in paragraphs 5 
and 6 of this article, and the average cost for the month. 

(8) Division officers will have the following system put into operation 
throughout their respective divisions and maintained by officers concerned : 

(a) District recruiting officers are required to receive a "Sales slip" 
or "Invoice" for all gasoline or oil issued the motor transporta- 
tion in the districts on the date on which the purchase of such 
articles is made. The chauffeur is required to hand to the district 
officer at the end of each week a slip showing the number of 
miles indicated for each day's run. In this manner a good check 
is kept on the expense of the vehicle. 

(2-59) 



2-75 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

(6) On Sundays and holidays the truck is not allowed to be taken from 
the garage without the specific authority from the district recruit- 
ing officer or some responsible person designated by him. 

Bulletins 
2-76 

Officers in charge of divisions will require that daily bulletins be rendered 
them by district officers. Such bulletins will be consolidated (on 8 by 13 inch 
paper) and forwarded Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays of each week to the 
Officer in Charge of Recruiting, and to the different districts of the division. 
If the last day of the month does not fall on any of the foregoing days, an addi- 
tional bulletin will be prepared for the last day of the month in order that all 
changes may be recorded thereon for muster roll, pay roll, and other data. 
(C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(a) List of cities where recruiting stations are located, arranged by 
districts, showing the number of applicants for the Marine Corps 
accepted in each city from the first of the month to date of 
report. 
(6) The column of "Remarks" on such reports will contain the names 
of men joining the division and the name of the district to which 
assigned ; appointments and revocations of medical examiners, 
with their addresses; change of station of officers and medical 
examiners; promotions; reductions; transfers (including trans- 
fers within the division ) ; leaves ; furloughs ; deaths ; absences 
without leave; inspections of stations, with name of inspecting 
officer and date of such inspections; establishment and discon- 
tinuance of stations, with authority, date of accomplishment, 
name and address of contractor, and rental. When a man is 
transferred to barracks, the reason for such transfer, report as to 
the man's fitness for recruiting duty, and notation as to whether 
or not he desires to be redetailed for such duty should be entered ; 
also notation as to change of the enlisted man's status by mar- 
riage, and any other information which may be of interest or 
value to the officer in charge of recruiting or to any other officer 
within the district. These bulletins are records of a complete 
recruiting history of the office from which distributed for the 
period designated. 

Recruiting Officers of Posts 

2-81 

The commanding officer of a post, recruit depot, brigade, regiment, or sepa- 
rate office or detachment, or an officer designated by the Major General 
Commandant, shall be the recruiting officer of the organization, and his 
signature shall appear as such on the enlistment contracts and in the service- 
record books of men enlisted by him. 

(2-60) 



CHAPTER 3 



SEPARATION FROM THE SERVICE 



Section f.— DEATH 
General 

3-1 

Report of death. — (1) In cases not reported under article 1513, Navy Regu- 
lations, commanding officers of Marine Corps posts, recruiting stations, and 
other organizations will report immediately to the Secretary of the Navy by 
dispatch the death of any officer, enlisted man, or accepted applicant under 
their command, giving the following information: 

(a) Full name and rank of the deceased. 

(&) Cause, date, and place of death. 

(c) Name and address of the next of kin. 

(d) Whether or not the next of kin has been notified. 

(e) Disposition that has been or will be made of the body. 

(f) Whether on active duty (in case of reservist or retired man). 

(g) Current rate of pay. 

When full information under any of the foregoing heads must await later 
investigation or determination, the dispatch shall be sent with whatever data 
are available, supplementing it with complete information at the earliest possible 
date. (C. M. C. M. 4.) 

(2) In cases in which many persons are involved the dispatch to the Secre- 
tary of the Navy should state the full nnmes and ranks of those dead, seriously 
injured, slightly injured, and missing. The additional information required 
by paragraph (1) will be furnished as soon as practicable thereafter. (C. M. 
C. M. 4.) 

3-2 

Letters to next of kin. — In all cases of death commanding officers will write 
a letter to the next of kin. All the circumstances connected with the death so 
far as definitely known will be given except when death occurs under dis- 
creditable circumstances. (See art. 3-3 (3).) This communication should 
be in such language as to show personal consideration for the next of kin. 



(3-1) 



3-2 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

Care should be exercised to see that the information given is not at variance 
with the findings of any court or board that may have been convened in the 
premises ; but the fact that a court or board is to investigate the circumstances 
should not operate to delay this communication, as it is desired that the next 
of kin be given all available information at the earliest practicable moment. 
Cases involving serious injury or illness will be similarly handled. (C. M. 
C. M. 4.) 

Disposition of Bodies 

3-3 

(1) When death occurs in the United States and early shipment is practicable 
the commanding officer of marines, in all cases not provided for in article 
1513, Navy Rtgulations, shall also notify the nearest relative or legal rep- 
resentative of the deceased by dispatch (unless living outside of the continental 
United States), requesting instructions regarding disposition of the body 
and whether or not an escort is desired to accompany the remains to the 
place of burial. Escort to place of burial may not be furnished if deceased 
was an accepted applicant. If practicable, the body should be transferred 
immediately to the nearest naval hospital or medical department of a navy 
yard or station for embalming, preparation, and retention for such further 
disposition as may be directed. (C. M. C. M. 4.) 

(2) Telegram of notification of death to the next of kin will be worded sub- 
stantially as follows : 

"Deeply regret to inform you your (relationship, rank, and name) died 
(date) (cause of death if not under discreditable circumstances) (place of 
death) period Please telegraph (address to which instructions should be 
sent) collect whether you desire remains interred in Government cemetery 
at Government expense or shipped to you for private burial period If shipped 
to you transportation of body prepaid by Government and reasonable neces- 
sary funeral expenses not exceeding seventy-five dollars reimbursed by Marine 
Corps period If sent home for burial also advise if you desire attendant to 
accompany body period Please accept my heartfelt sympathy. (Signed by 
commanding officer.)" (C. M. C. M. 4.) 

(3) When death occurs under discreditable circumstances — for instance, as the 
result of misconduct on the part of the deceased — the telegram of notification to 
the family should not, if practicable, state the cause of death. (C. M. C. M. 4.) 

(4) In the event the next of kin requests that the body be buried at the 
place of death or in a post or national cemetery, or when it is impossible 
to ascertain the wishes of the next of kin within a reasonable time, the 
body will be interred at the place death occurred or in the nearest available 
post or national cemetery as may be practicable, at Government expense 
(C. M. C. M. 4.) 

(5) When death occurs at sea or outside the continental United States, the next 
of kin will be notified by Headquarters, Marine Corps, and the necessary 
instructions for disposition of the body will be forwarded to the place of 

(3-2) 



SEPARATION FROM THE SERVICE 3~4 

death. The letter or letters of condolence will, however, be forwarded in 
accordance with article 3-2. Burial will not be made in a foreign port or 
at sea in advance of the receipt of such instructions, except when preservation 
or retention of the body is impossible. In the latter case a detailed report, 
giving the reasons, date, and place of burial, will be forwarded to the Major 
General Commandant as soon as practicable ; also the probable date disin- 
terment and return of the body may be anticipated if burial was not made at 
sea. (C. M. C. M. 4.) 

3-4 

Escorts. — (1) An escort not to exceed one person may be furnished to accom- 
pany the bodies of officers and enlisted men to the place of burial, the desire 
of the next of kin or family being ascertained, if practicable. (Act of May 26, 
1928.) An escort, not to exceed one person, may also be furnished to accompany 
the cremated remains of officers and enlisted men to the place of burial, provided 
the escort actually carries with him on the trip the receptacle containing the 
ashes and personally delivers it to a member of the family or other proper per- 
son at the authorized destination. The escort selected shall, when practicable, 
be of the same rank as the deceased and a friend or associate. He shall 
accompany the remains in transit and exert every effort to insure the safe 
delivery of the body at its destination. If the family of the deceased so 
desires, he will attend the funeral and burial services, after which he shall 
return to his proper station or proceed as directed. Care wiE be exercised that 
enlisted personnel selected for this duty shall be of such character and appear- 
ance as to reflect credit upon the service. A friend or relative (not in the 
naval service) may accompany the remains in lieu of a service escort. When 
death occurs outside the continenal United States, a relative may travel 
as escort to point of reshipment in the United States, and when no relative 
is present desiring to accompany the body to the place of burial, naval 
personnel traveling to the United States at the time may be utilized as 
escorts to the point of reshipment in the United States. (See arts. 16-28, 
16-164, and 18-72.) (C. M. C. M. 4.) 

(2) The commanding officer of a Marine Corps post or recruiting station upon 
receiving intelligence that the body of a member of the Marine Corps is being 
shipped to the vicinity of his post or station for burial will, whenever prac- 
ticable, call in person upon the next of kin. He should be careful to have 
every assistance possible furnished, and if practicable, a suitable representative 
of the corps should be detailed to meet the body upon its arrival. The use of 
Government transportation requests in carrying out these instructions is not 
authorized. In order that the above provisions may be effectively carried, 
out commanding officers of marines will, when bodies are forwarded to rela- 
tives, notify the commanding officers of the Marine Corps post or recruiting 
station nearest the home of the deceased by telegraph, giving the name and rank 
of the deceased; name and address of the next of kin; route, date, and hour 
of departure of the body, and probable date and hour of arrival at destination. 
(C. M. C. M. 4.) 

(3-2a) 



3-5 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

3-5 

Flags to accompany bodies. — (1) Commanding officers of Marine Corps posts 
and stations may authorize th,e issue of storm flags to accompany bodies of 
officers or enlisted men whose deaths occur while serving in the Marine Corps, 
also the bodies of accepted applicants, which are shipped or delivered to the 
next of kin or relatives for private interment. Requests for such flags shall be 
construed as included in application for the body. (C. M. C. M. 4.) 

(2) When funeral services are conducted by the Marine Corps, commanding 
officers may authorize the issue to the next of kin, on request, of the flags used 
for draping the coffins. In cases of doubt as to whether the persons making 
requests are legally entitled to the flags, the requests should be forwarded to 
the Major General Commandant for authority prior to issuing the flags. 

(3) Flags used for draping coffins at funerals where no next of kin is pres- 
ent will be preserved and stored for safe-keeping tagged with the name of the 
deceased and date of funeral, and held for a period of three months pendiug 
receipt of request therefor from the next of kin. If at the end of three months 
no request is received the flag will be returned to store for reissue. 

(4) The order of the commanding officer in writing will be sufficient voucher 
for dropping from the property account flags issued in accordance with the 
above. 

(5) A flag used to drape a coffin will not be lowered into the grave and will 
not be allowed to touch the ground. 

3-6 

(C. M. C. M. 4) 

Disposition of personal effects. — (1) Upon the death of any person in the 
Marine Corps the commanding officer shall cause all of the effects of the de- 
ceased to be collected and inventoried. If the deceased was an officer, this 
shall be done by two officers detailed for that purpose ; if an enlisted man, by 
his immediate commanding officer. The inventories shall be made in quad- 
ruplicate, duly attested, and signed by the officers making them. The command- 
ing officer shall retain one copy of the inventory, one copy shall be delivered 
to the post quartermaster who shall take charge of the effects, one copy shall 
be forwarded to the Quartermaster, and the fourth copy shall be securely affixed 
to the service-record book of the deceased and forwarded to the Adjutant and 
Inspector. 

(2) If any of the effects of a deceased person are perishable and deteriorat- 
ing, they shall be immediately sold at auction, and the proceeds of sale shall be 
disposed of in the same manner as any money found in his effects. 

(3) All moneys, articles of value, papers, keepsakes, and other similar effects 
shall be forwarded to the legal representative, or in default of such, the heirs 
at law of the deceased. Should it be impossible to ascertain the existence of 
the legal representative or heirs at law, the moneys and articles mentioned and 
other similar effects shall be sent to the Major General Commandant for safe- 



(3-2b) 



SEPARATION FROM THE SERVICE 3~6 

keeping. Should the above-described property be unclaimed for a period of 
two years after the death of the owner thereof, all articles and effects so 
deposited shall be sold at auction to the highest bidder, and the proceeds of 
such sale, together with the moneys mentioned, shall be deposited in the 
Treasury to the credit of the Navy pension fund. If at any time during the 
two years such above-described property is in the custody of the Marine Corps 
the legal representative of the deceased person applies for his effects, they shall 
be delivered to him. 

(4) All other effects not mentioned in paragraphs (2) and (3) of this article 
should be forwarded to the next of kin, usually with the remains. If impossi- 
ble to ascertain the whereabouts of the next of kin, they will be properly marked 
and placed in storage pending instructions from Headquarters, Marine Corps. 
(See art 18-72.) 



(3-2c) 



SEPARATION FROM THE SERVICE 3~11 

Section 2.— DISCHARGES 
Classes 
3-11 

Discharges of enlisted men of the Marine Corps are divided into the fol- 
lowing classes: 

Class 1. — Honorable discharge — 

(a) Upon expiration of enlistment or extended enlistment, or enrollment. 

(6) Upon report of medical survey, disability in line of duty. 

(c) Upon report of medical survey, disability not in line of duty, not 

due to own misconduct. 

(d) On account of dependency of relatives, dependency arising subse- 

quent to enlistment. (C. M. C. M. 4.) 

(e) On account of dependency of relatives, for man's own convenience. 

(f) To accept appointment in commissioned or warrant grade, or at 

Naval Academy, etc. 

(g) For man's own convenience. 

(h) For convenience of the Government. 

(i) For inaptitude involving no reflection upon moral character or 

conduct. 
(j) By reason of underage enlistment. (See art. 3-13.) 
Class 2. — Discharge — 

(fc) Upon report of medical survey, disability not in line of duty, and 

due to own misconduct. 
(Z) As undesirable; by reason of — 

^ (1) Desertion. ■%/ 

(2) Habits and traits of character. 

(3) Fraudulent enlistment, or fraudulent extension of enlistment. 

(4) Conviction by a civil court. 

(5) Other grounds. 

' (w) By reason of underage enlistment. (See art. 3-13.) 

Class 8. — Bad-conduct discharge- 
in) In pursuance of sentence of a summary or general court-martial. 

Class 4' — Dishonorable discharge — 

(o) In pursuance of sentence of general court-martial. (C. M. C. M. 2.) 



(3-3) 



3-12 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

Certificates Used 
3-12 

In effecting the discharge of marines the following certificates will be used: 
Class i. — Honorable discharge — 

Upon expiration of enlistment, or extension thereof — 

With award of good-conduct medal, N. M. C. 257a, A. & I. (parch- 
ment). 
Without award of good-conduct medal, N. M. C. 257, A. & I. (parch- 
ment). 
From the Marine Corps Reserve, N. M. C. 257g, A. and I. (white paper). 
Upon report of medical survey, disability in line of duty, N. M. C. 257h 

or 258, A. & I. (parchment). 
Upon report of medical survey disability not in line of duty, not due to 

own misconduct, N. M. C. 257h or 258, A. & I. (parchment). 
All other discharges under class 1, N. M. C. 258, A. & I. (parchment). 
Class 2. — Discharge- 
Form N. M. C. 385a, A. and I. (white paper). 
Class 3. — Bad-conduct discharge — 

Form N. M. C. 385 (yellow paper). 
Class 4. — Dishonorable discharge — ■""" 

Form N. M. C. 385b (yellow paper). 

Underage Discharges 

3-13 

(1) A man discharged by reason of underage enlistment shall receive pay 
and the form of discharge to which his service after enlistment entitles him, 
and if under 18 years of age at time of discharge shall be furnished with trans- 
portation in kind in accordance with the act of September 22, 1922. (See art. 
16-26.) (C. M. C. M. 4.) 

(2) Before discharging a minor for any cause under circumstances where 
neither travel pay nor transportation in kind is to be furnished by the Gov- 
ernment, the commanding officer will, if practicable, notify the parents or 
guardian of such minor a reasonable time in advance of the date set for dis- 
charge in order that they may send him funds with which to defray his expenses 
to his home, if they so desire. 



(3-4) 



SEPARATION FROM THE SERVICE 3-15 

Medical Survey Discharges 

3-11 

(1) Closing accounts. — "When an enlisted man lias been surveyed and recom- 
mended for discharge by a board of medical survey, his accounts shall be 
closed and forwarded to the pay officer carrying his accounts on the same 
date that the report of survey is transmitted, or as soon thereafter as prac- 
ticable, but the man will not be discharged until an order for his discharge 
has been received from the Major General Commandant, excepting in cases 
of recruits under training at training stations and training camps, where 
the report of medical survey has been approved by the local authorities. 

(2) Of recruits. — In the cases of recruits under training, commandants and 
commanding officers of training stations and training camps are authorized 
to approve the recommendations of boards of medical survey recommending 
the discharge of enlisted men of the Marine Corps in advance of the approval 
of Headquarters. When such action is taken in any case the medical survey 
showing the action taken shall be forwarded in the usual manner. In medical 
surveys on any men other than recruits the papers shall be forwarded to 
Headquarters before final action is taken. 

Commanding officers and pay officers concerned are authorized to proceed 
immediately, upon approval of report of a medical survey by the local authori- 
ties, in case of a recruit under training, with preparation of discharge cer- 
tificate and final settlement, without awaiting orders, or copy thereof, from 
the Major General Commandant. 

(3) On board ship. — Orders for discharge of men who are surveyed on board 
ship, or while serving with expeditionary forces, or who join a marine barracks 
direct for discharge, will be issued from Headquarters as soon as practicable 
after receipt from the Bureau of Medicine and Surgery of approved report of 
medical survey. That there may be no delay in these cases, commanding offi- 
cers will promptly report their joining. 

(4) Of men in hospital. — Discharge of enlisted men upon report of medical 
survey for disability will not be effected until the man has been discharged from 
treatment in the hospital, except in cases of mental or incurable diseases. 

(5) Probationers. — In no case should a summary or general court-martial 
probationer be discharged upon report of medical survey until the bad-conduct 
or dishonorable discharge has been remitted by the department. 

Discharges For Own Convenience 

3-15 

Enlisted men serving in a reenlistment or an extension of enlistment who 
have received an honorable-discharge gratuity or an enlistment allowance for 
the reenlistment or extension will in every case, when discharged for their 
own convenience more than three months prior to the expiration of such reen- 
listment or extension of enlistment, be required to reimburse the Government 
as follows : 

(3-5) 



-15 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 



(a) During first year of reenlistment or extension of enlistment the 

total amount of the gratuity or enlistment allowance. 

(b) During second year of a four-year reenlistment or extension of 

enlistment an amount equal to three-fourths of the gratuity or 
enlistment allowance; during second year of a three-year reenlist- 
ment or extension of enlistment an amount equal to two-thirds of 
the gratuity or enlistment allowance; during second year of a 
two-year reenlistment or extension of enlistment an amount equal 
to one-half of the gratuity or enlistment allowance. 

(c) During third year of a four-year reenlistment or extension of 

enlistment an amount equal to one-half of the gratuity or enlist- 
ment allowance; during third year of a three-year reenlistment 
or extension of enlistment an amount equal to one-third of the 
gratuity or enlistment allowance. 

(d) During fourth year of a four-year reenlistment or extension of 

enlistment an amount equal to one-fourth of the gratuity or 

enlistment allowance. 
(2) When a man applies for discharge for his own convenience and comes 
within the purview of the preceding paragraph, his commanding officer will, 
before forwarding the application, inform the man as to the amount he will 
be required to reimburse the Government in the event his discharge is 
authorized. (C. M. C. M. 2.) 

Discharges for Inaptitude or Undesirability 

3-16 

(1) When request is made for the discharge of a man from the service for 
inaptitude or undesirability a full report of the circumstances will be made, 
together with the recommendation of the company or detachment commander, 
the recommendation of the post commander, and a statement of the man con- 
cerned, or a declaration that he desires to make no statement. Requests for 
discharges of this nature will not be made by dispatch. No discharges of this 
nature will be effected without specific authority from the Major General 
Commandant or, in the Department of the Pacific, the departmental commander. 
(C. M. C. M. 3.) 

(2) A discharge for inaptitude should be recommended only when a man has 
demonstrated his inaptitude for the service. In this classification are those who 
are unable to cope with service conditions and who give no evidence of being 
able eventually to adapt themselves. An inaptitude discharge carries no re- 
flection upon the moral qualifications of the man, and the character given on 
the face of the discharge will be that indicated by service-record book markings. 
(C. M. C. M. 3.) 



(3-6) 



SEPARATION FKOM THE SEEVICE 3-17 

(3) A discharge for undesirabiliiy is not to be used as a punishment and is to 
be awarded only in exceptional cases, such as that of a man who is constantly 
and wilfully committing breaches of discipline of such a minor nature as not 
to warrant trial by court-martial, or who, because of immorality, or other 
similar causes, is clearly undesirable for retention in the service. The character 
given on the face of the discharge certificate will be " Bad " unless otherwise 
directed by the Major General Commandant or, in the Department of the 
Pacific, the departmental commander. (C. M. 0. M. 3.) 

Bad-Conduct Discharges 

3-17 

(1) When an enlisted man is sentenced by a court-martial to bad-conduct 
discharge, his accounts will be closed and transmitted for discharge at such 
time as date of discharge is decided upon, unless he is to be transferred to 
another station or ship for discharge, in which case his staff returns will be 
transmitted from his new station. 

(2) A marine serving in his first enlistment may be discharged in ac- 
cordance with the sentence of a summary court-martial without the specific 
authority of the Major General Commandant. (C. M. C. M. 6.) 

(3) A marine who has had a prior enlistment in the Marine Corps, or is 
serving in an extension of enlistment, shall not be discharged with a bad- 
conduct discharge in accordance with the sentence of a summary court-martial 
until an order for discharge is received from the Major General Commandant. 
(C. M. C. M. 6.) 



(3-6a) 



SEPARATION FROM THE SERVICE 3-19 

station or ship for discharge, in which case his staff returns will be transmitted 
from his new station. 

Dischaege While on Foreign Shore Duty 

3-18 

(1) Waivers to consular aid and transportation. — Marines who are to be dis- 
charged while on shore duty on foreign stations shall not, in consideration of 
being retained at such stations for discharge, be required to execute waivers 
of claims to consular aid and to transportation and subsistence for sea travel 
incident to return from place of discharge to place of current enlistment. 

(2) Waivers of claims to consular aid and transportation will only be re- 
quired in cases of marines who are to be discharged upon their own request 
on expiration of enlistment from a ship on foreign station, in accordance with 
article 582 (7), Navy Regulations, 1920. 

(3) Waivers in such cases will be worded as follows : 

I, , serving as a marine on board the U. S. S. , 

request to be discharged upon expiration of my enlistment, r 19 — ,. in the 

port of _. — . If so discharged, I hereby waive all claims to consular aid and 

to transportation to the United States. 

(4) Waivers will be executed in duplicate and one copy forwarded to Head- 
quarters, United States Marine Corps, through official channels ; the other will 
be securely pasted in the man's service-record book. 

(5) Transportation and subsistence. — Upon the discharge of any enlisted man 
with an honorable discharge, the law requires that transportation and sub- 
sistence in kind for the sea travel over the statutory shortest usually traveled 
route to his place of acceptance for enlistment should be tendered him. If 
this tender be accepted, then this transportation and subsistence in kind should 
be supplied the discharged man after his discharge. For the land travel, in 
the journey, both within and without the United States, mileage at the rate 
prescribed by law rather than transportation and subsistence in kind should 
be credited him in his final settlement. If the man declines to accept the 
tender of the transportation and subsistence in kind for the sea travel, through 
his desire immediately to reenlist, or for any other cause, a proper record of 
this tender and of its nonacceptance, or its waiver, should be made in the 
space provided, but in a case where the accounts are paid by a naval pay 
officer this record should further be made under "Remarks" on pay rolls 
where the final statement of the account is extended. 

Transfer for Discharge 

3-19 

Marines serving in detachments in charge of noncommissioned officers, or 
in detachments of vessels in home waters, will be transferred at least two 
weeks before expiration of enlistment, without specific authority of the Major 
General Commandant, to the nearest Marine Corps post for discharge. 

(3-7) 



3-20 MARINE COBPS MANUAL 

Forwarding Service-record Books for Discharge. 
3-20 

The service-record books of men who are to be discharged upon expiration 
of enlistment within the United States will be forwarded to Headquarters, 
United States Marine Corps, or to Headquarters, Department of the Pacific, 
as the case may require; those for Headquarters, Marine Corps, to be for- 
warded not less than 15 days prior to expiration of enlistment from posts and 
recruiting stations east of the Mississippi River, and not less than 25 days 
prior to expiration of enlistment from posts and recruiting stations west of 
said river ; service-record books to be forwarded to Headquarters, Department 
of the Pacific, not less than 15 days prior to expiration of enlistment. 

Completing Books op Men Discharged 

3-21 

The service-record books of all men who are to be discharged for other 
causes will be retained at the posts (or on board the ships) where said men 
are to be discharged until the discharge certificates have been delivered, when 
an entry to the effect that the man has been discharged will be made in the 
place provided in the service-record book i n" accorda nce "wlth^nTcT r t!re r ff4k>g:- 
ing exampiesi'^as-BEta^be ttpproprfete : -, -r 

(a) "Dishonorably discharged at (place of discharge) on (date of dis- 
charge), pursuant to the sentence of a general court-martial. Character: Bad. 

" , U. S. M. C, 

" Commanding." 
(o) "Discharged at (place of discharge) on (date of discharge), with a bad- 
conduct discharge, pursuant to the sentence of a summary (or general) court- 
martial. Character: Bad. 

" , U. S. M. C. f 

" Commanding." 

(c) "Discharged at (place of discharge) on (date of discharge), as inapt for 
service (or undesirable), by order of the Major General Commandant (or, by 
direction of the Secretary of the Navy). Character: 

" , U. S. M. C, 

" Commanding." 

(d) "Discharged at (place of discharge) on (date of discharge), upon report 
of medical survey, for disability. Disease or injury was (or was not) the re- 
sult of his own misconduct. Character : 

" , U. S. M. C, 

" Commanding" 

(e) "Discharged at (place of discharge) on (date of discharge), by special 
order of the Major General Commandant, for his own convenience (or for con- 
venience of the Government). Character: 

" , U. S. M. C, 

" Commanding" 
if) "Discharged at (place of discharge) on (date of discharge), by reason 

of underage enlistment. Character: 

" , U. S. M. C, 

" Commanding." 
(3-3) 



SEPARATION" FROM THE SEEVICE 3-23 

Final Settlements 

3-22 

(1) Preparation of. — The Major General Commandant (or the Commanding 
General, Department of the Pacific) will send to the pay officer having the 
man's account a copy of the order sent to the commanding officer to prepare 
a discharge certificate. Upon receipt of the copy of the order for discharge, 
the pay officer will make final settlement, including therein, in addition to the 
credit or debit for undrawn or overdrawn clothing certified by the post quar- 
termaster or officer keeping the clothing account rolls, the additional clothing 
allowance due to the date of discharge according to the prescribed scale of 
allowances, such date to be determined by the paymaster according to the time 
necessary to allow for the receipt of the final statement and check (if any) at 
the place of discharge. The officer delivering the discharge certificate will in 
all cases enter thereon the amount paid. 

(2) Pay and clothing accounts of men to be discharged, upon expiration of 
enlistment, made out to include the day of discharge, will be forwarded to the 
proper paymaster at such time prior to the expiration of such enlistment as 
will enable the paymaster to make out and return final statements. The pay- 
master will make out the final statement, and will forward such statement 
with check, without further notification, to the man's commanding officer in 
time to reach him prior to the expiration of his enlistment. 

Preparation of Discharge Certificates 

3-23 

(1) Parchment. — Except in the case of a man to be discharged in the Depart- 
ment of the Pacific or other place where specific authority to prepare discharge 
certificates and to award good-conduct insignia has been or may be given by the 
Major General Commandant, all parchment discharges will be prepared at 
Headquarters, and the Certificate of good-conduct award thereon, if any, signed 
by the Major General Commandant, the discharge certificate being forwarded 
for completion and delivery to the place where the man is serving. 

(2) White or yellow discharge certificates will be prepared and delivered at 
the place where the man is serving, the discharge and the delivery certificate 
thereon being signed by the commanding officer of the post. 

(3) Phraseology. — Commanding officers, in showing cause of discharge on 
discharge certificate, will when appropriate employ the phraseology contained 
in examples under article 3-21, but in no case will the discharge certificate of a 
marine discharged " upon report of medical survey for disability " bear nota- 
tion indicating whether or not the disease or injury was incurred in the line 
of duty. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(4) Special qualifications. — Upon the discharge of a man there will be entered 
on the back of his discharge certificate, over the signature of the commanding 
officer, a notation of his special qualifications, other than military, if any. 
(C. M. C. M. 2.) 

(3-9) 



3-23 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

(5) Final settlements on discharge will be signed by the man's immediate com- 
manding officer. 

Delivery 

3-24 

(1) Delivery of discharge certificate and check will invariably be made in person 
by a commissioned officer. In the case of a man who has completed his 
enlistment honorably the delivery should be made by the post or regimental 
commander, or if that is impractiable, by the company commander, accom- 
panied by the expression of a hope that he will reenlist or of good wishes 
for a successful career. 

(2) Delivery of baggage and personal effects of discharged men to the railroad 
station or other point of departure willbe made by the post quartermaster 
where public vehicles are available. 

Character When Discharged as Undesirable 

3-25 

The character given to a man discharged as undesirable, and entered on the 
face of his discharge certificate, will be bad, except as directed by the Major 
General Commandant. (C. M. C. M. 2.) 

No Transfers After Accounts Closed 

3-26 

In order to avoid confusion and delay in final settlement, no transfers will 
be made or authorized, after a man's accounts have been closed preliminary 
to discharge. 

Address Cards. 

3-27 

Commanding officers will furnish men about to be discharged with three or 
more cards (N. M. C. 684), to be used by them in reporting to Headquarters 
any change in their address for a period of three months after discharge. 

Retention in Service to Work off Indebtedness 

3-28 

(1) Marines who are to be discharged with a bad-conduct discharge, upon 
report of medical survey, or for other cause for the convenience of the Gov-. 



(3-10) 



SEPAEATION FROM THE SERVICE 3~41 

ernment, will not be held in the service for the purpose of working off indebted 
ness to the Government, except in cases in which it is clearly shown that 
such indebtedness has been incurred solely for the man's own benefit. 

(2) Marines who are to be discharged for their own convenience will not 
be discharged while in debt to the Government, except in the cases of minors 
discharged on application o f p ar en ts or guardian, iru i-£a.a<rw ot u*djfr,<t$A JMhtf 

(3) In the event that any case arises where the above rules should not be 
applied, or where there is a doubt as to whether the indebtedness was or was 
not incurred for the man's own benefit, the commanding officer will, before 
closing the accounts for discharge, refer the case to the Major General Com- 
mandant for instruction. 

Deprivation of Uniform Upon Discharge for Bad Conduct, Etc. 

3-29 

(1) Prior to the discharge of an enlisted man for bad conduct, undesir- 
ability, unfitness, or inaptitude, all uniform coats, trousers, breeches, caps, 
and hats in his possession, together with all chevrons, insignia, ornaments, 
and brass or bronze buttons pertaining thereto, will be secured by his com- 
manding officer, to be disposed of as provided in article 15-18 (2), and an 
outfit of civilian outer clothing, not exceeding $15 in cost, will be issued to 
him at the expense of the Marine Corps, if necessary, in accordance with such 
instructions as the Major General Commandant or the Quartermaster may 
issue. When the season of the year warrants it, the man will be permitted 
to retain his uniform overcoat, but in such case the bronze buttons will be 
removed from the coat and replaced with civilian buttons. 

(2) The same procedure will be followed in cases of men discharged dis- 
honorably or with a bad-conduct discharge, pursuant to sentence of a general 
court-martial, except that necessary civilian clothing in such cases will be 
furnished in accordance with special instructions on the subject published in 
Marine Corps orders and in the Manual for the Government of Naval Prisons. 
(C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(3) Decorations; service medals; good-conduct medals; the expeditionary 
ribbon ; ribbon bars of decorations and medals ; auxiliary insignia in connec- 
tion with decorations, medals, and ribbons; and qualification badges are the 
private property of the men to whom awarded and will be retained by them, 
excepting good-conduct medals forfeited by sentence of a general court-martial. 

Section 3.— RETIREMENTS 

Enlisted Men 

3-41 

(1) Under Army laws. — Enlisted men of the Marine Corps are entitled to 
retirement under the laws and regulations provided for the Army. In com- 

(3-11) 



3-41 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

puting the thirty years necessary to entitle him to be retired all service in the 
Army, Navy, and Marine Corps shall be credited. (See art. 25-100.) 

(2) Closing accounts for retirement. — After approval of an enlisted man's appli- 
cation for retirement, an order shall be issued from Marine Corps Headquarters 
transferring him to the retired list. Upon receipt of such order by his im- 
mediate commanding officer a final statement shall be prepared, his pay and 
clothing accounts being closed (on Forms N. M. C. 90 and N. M. C. 146, respec- 
tively) to and including date of retirement and forwarded to the pay officer 
carrying his accounts. No discharge shall be given, however, but his name 
shall be dropped from the active list and his staff returns closed and forwarded 
to Headquarters. His post-office address on retirement will also be forwarded. 

(3) Ceremony. — When an enlisted man of the Marine Corps is to be placed on 
the retired list after 30 years' service, the presentation of his retirement papers 
will be made an occasion of ceremony, the scope of the ceremony and the num- 
ber of troops participating being left to the discretion of the commanding officer 
of the post or station. 

(4) Pay. — The authorized pay and allowances of retired enlisted men of the 
Marine Corps shall be paid them monthly by the Paymaster, Headquarters, 
Marine Corps. 

(5) Monthly report of address. — On the last day of each calendar month retired 
enlisted men shall report to Marine Corps Headquarters their post-office ad- 
dresses, and shall promptly report any change therein. Blank cards for this 
purpose will be furnished retired enlisted men by Headquarters. 

Enlisting Discharged Men in the Reserve 

3-51 

(1) The names and addresses of men discharged under honorable conditions 
who do not reenlist in the Marine Corps or obligate themselves to serve in 
Class III, Fleet Marine Corps Reserve, will be sent by the commanding 
officers of the posts where the men are discharged to the Reserve Area Com- 
mander in whose area they will reside. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(2) The Reserve Area Commander should get in touch with such men and, 
through the use of follow-up letters, or by means of personal contact, if prac- 
ticable, explain to them the advantages of, and when possible secure their 
enlistment in, the Reserve. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 



(3-12) 



CHAPTER 4 



TRANSFERS 

General Instructions 

4-1 

(1) Staff returns. — When a marine is transferred from one station to another 
his commanding officer shall close his service-record book in accordance with in- 
structions contained therein, sign it, and forward it, together with the man's 
clothing account, to the post or detachment to which transferred. (See art. 
30-82.) 

(2) "Upon transfer of marines to a post for duty with detachments or com- 
panies stationed or being organized thereat, the outside envelope or wrapper 
containing their staff returns will be in every case addressed to the commanding 
officer of the post to which transferred. When the staff returns of men are 
intended for detachment or company commanders this may be indicated by 
placing them in inner envelopes or wrappers marked with designation of the 
detachment or company. 

(3) The commanding officer will inform the post quartermaster of the names 
of men leaving the post by transfer before such transfer. In case any of these 
men are in debt to the Government for quartermaster's stores, the post quarter- 
master will prepare the prescribed form in each case in due time to procure the 
signature of such men thereon, and to permit the organization commander 
to make the proper entry in the man's service-record book. This form when 
accomplished by the organization commander to the effect that the check- 
ages "have been noted for checkage in service-record book/' will be sufficient 
authority for the accountable officer to drop the articles from his return. 

(4) An order from Marine Corps Headquarters directing the transfer of 
enlisted men, but fixing no date and not expressing haste, will be understood 
to mean that the transfer is to be effected within four days after Its receipt; 
if the order read " without delay," the transfer will be effected within 4S hours, 
and if " immediately " within 12 hours after its receipt. 

4-2 

(1) Telegraphic notification of time of arrival. — Upon transfer of detachments 
of more than five men the post to which transferred will be notified, by letter 

(4-1) 



4-2 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

or telegram, a reasonable time in advance of arrival, giving the number of men 
in the detachment, the date, hour, and place of probable arrival. 

(2) Transfer by staff returns. — When enlisted men are transferred by staff 
returns the post or vessel to which the transfers are made will be notified as to 
the time at which the men may be expected to arrive, and also as to the cause 
of any delay that may be anticipated. 

(3) When men are transferred, singly or in groups, and their staff returns 
(service-record books) are transmitted to the new station by mail, a carbon 
copy of the orders (or a memorandum) covering such cases, showing date and 
place from and to which transferred, with notation of any furlough or delay 
granted en route, shall be attached to the outside of each service-record book. 
If the men are to join a casual organization on board a transport for transfer 
to the new station, their staff returns will be sent to the commanding officer 
of the new station, via the commanding officer of the casual organization. 

4-3 

Restored probationers or former general court-martial prisoners shall not be 
transferred for duty as prison guards except in case of emergency and upon 
specific orders from Headquarters. They shall not be transferred from one 
station to another to the exclusion of other enlisted men who are eligible for 
transfer but whose retention is desired in preference. 

Transfer to Ships 

4-4 

When ordered to detail a detachment for service on board ship, the command- 
ing officer of marines shall carefully select men of the best character for 
such duty, and shall make such selection without unnecessary delay, in order 
that they may have time for preparation. Men having less than two years to 
serve shall not be detailed for duty on board a vessel destined to a foreign sta- 
tion ; nor, except in cases of emergency, shall recruits be detailed for service 
afloat unless they have been thoroughly instructed in regard to their duties on 
board ship. 

4-5 

Deficiencies in the complement of marines on board ships on the eve of sailing 
may, by the order of the commandant of the station, be supplied by the com- 
manding officer of marines, who shall report the circumstances to the Major 
General Commandant without delay. 

4-6 

Outfit of uniform.— Men shall not be transferred from a shore station to a sea- 
going ship for duty without a complete outfit of uniform. 

(4-2) 



TRANSFERS 4~8 

Transfer from Ship to Hospital 

4-7 

The transfer of marines from a ship to a hospital, and their discharge from the 
hospital are governed by article 1203, Navy Regulations, substituting, where 
necessary, " Major General Commandant " for " Bureau of Navigation," and 
'•marine barracks" for "receiving ship," except that when marines are sent 
to a naval hospital for treatment their staff returns will be sent to the nearest 
marine barracks instead of to the hospital. 

Clothing Left at Posts on Transfer 

4-8 

(1) When enlisted men are transferred from shore stations in the United 
States to tropical duty or with expeditionary forces, and the nature of the 
service is such that it is impracticable for the blue uniforms and other articles 
of heavy clothing to be carried and they are ordered to leave the same behind, 
the following steps will be taken for the safe-keeping of such clothing until it 
is again required: 

(2) Each man will make into one securely arranged bundle the articles to 
b£ stored, provided he has no sea bag or personal box. Each bundle, sea bag, 
or box will be plainly marked with the name of the owner, first name in full, 
with middle initial, if any, and the parcel tagged if necessary. Two or more 
men will not be permitted to bundle their effects into one package or box for 
iStorage. A list of the names of men storing clothing, giving the nature of the 
parcel to be stored, will be prepared, and these lists, signed by the commanding 
officer, will be turned over to the post quartermaster, together with the effects. 
Effects of men received for storage will not be delivered except upon the 
claimant establishing his identity to the satisfaction of the post quartermaster. 

(3) The post quartermaster will carefully store the effects until required. A 
permanent record, in book form, will be kept by him, giving the name of each 
man and the nature of the parcel stored. Note will be made in the record 
when the effects are turned over to the man, or shipped to another station for 
delivery, as the case may be. 

(4) Commanding officers and post quartermasters will take all reasonable 
care to insure proper marking, preservation, and safe-keeping of this uniform 
clothing until it is claimed. At posts where no post quartermaster is detailed, 
storage, care, and delivery of this clothing, as herein directed, will devolve upon 
the commanding officer. 

(5) Where enlisted men have become separated from their effects, as out- 
lined above, shipment of such effects will be made on the direct request of the 
commanding officer at the post where the men are stationed to the commanding 
officer at the post where the clothing is stored. Requests for shipment should 
include all information necessary for locating the clothing, including the desig- 
nation of the man's original company. 

(4-3) 



4~9 MARINE CQKPS MANUAL 

Transfer for Discharge 

4<-9 

(1) On expiration of enlistment. — Men serving at west-coast stations who are 
entitled to travel allowance to points east of the meridian passing through 
Kansas City, Mo., and excluding Kansas City, will ordinarily be transferred, 
prior to discharge, to the east coast. Similarly, men serving at east-coast sta- 
tions who are entitled to travel allowance to points west of the meridian pass- 
ing through Denver, Colo., excluding Denver, will ordinarily be transferred, 
prior to discharge, to the west coast. Men entitled to travel allowance to 
Kansas City or Denver or to points between the meridians passing through 
those cities will not be transferred from coast to coast for purposes of dis- 
charge. 

(2) Waivers. — Should a man, who is subject to such a transfer desire to 
remain at his present station uritib ex^affia^ȣ- enlistment, he may be per- 
mitted to do so upon extending his enlistment for a period of two years, or 
upon executing a waiver of travel allowance. Such waiver will be worded as 
follows : 

I, , U. S. M. C, request that I be permitted to re- 
main for my own convenience on the Coast until the oapi r atioR / 

(West or East) 
«of my current enlistment ; and, in consideration of the granting of this request, I do 
hereby waive all claim to the difference in travel allowance from place of discharge to 

place of acceptance for enlistment and from , (if serving on the 

East Coast and accepted for enlistment at a point west of the meridian passing through 
Denver, Colo., insert San Diego, Calif. ; if serving on the West Coast and accepted for 
enlistment at a point east of the meridian passing through Kansas City, Mo., insert 
Hampton Roads, Ya.) to place of acceptance for enlistment. 

(3) No waivers on discharge for under age. — Waivers of transportation in kind 
shall not be permitted in cases of enlisted men about to be discharged upon 
the request of parents or guardians by reason of under-age enlistment. 

(4) Reports on men due for discharge. — On the last day of each month com- 
manding officers, having enlisted men in their command to be discharged on ex- 
piration of enlistment within six months and who would ordinarily be trans- 
ferred in accordance with paragraph (1) above, will inform the Major 
General Commandant (if in the Department of the Pacific, the Commanding 
General. Department of the Pacific) of the names and dates Of expiration 
of enlistment of such men. indicating those who desire to remain at their 
present stations and have extended their enlistments or executed waiver of 
travel allowance for this purpose, and those who do not desire to extend their 
enlistments or execute waiver of travel allowance in order to remain at their 
present station, in order that the Major General Commandant (or Command- 
ing General, Department of the Pacific) may make the necessary arrange- 
ments for transfer. 

(5) Water transportation not available. — In ease there is no Government water 
transportation available discharge will be effected at place of duty and eer- 

(4-4) 



TRANSFERS 4~1 1 

tificate entered on the N. M. C. 90 that the discharge at present post of duty is 
for the convenience of the Government. 

(6) To Mare Island for bad -conduct discharge. — When a marine is transferred 
from any station outside the continental limits of the United States to the 
marine barracks, Mare Island, Calif., for bad-conduct or dishonorable dis- 
charge in accordance with the sentence of a court-martial, all business per- 
taining to such discharge shall be transacted as expeditiously as possible and 
in accordance with such procedure as may be prescribed by the Major General 
Commandant. 

Army Transports 

4-10 

(1) Smallpox. — Every detachment transferred from a post in the United States 
for embarkation in a United States Army transport will be provided with the 
certificate of a naval surgeon to the effect that its members have been duly 
inspected and are protected against smallpox. 

(2) Epidemic disease. — In case an epidemic disease appears in any detachment 
of marines en route for embarkation on an Army transport, the commanding 
officer of the detachment will at once notify the senior Army surgeon at the 
place of sailing by telegraph. The commanding officer of the post from which 
the detachment leaves will direct the commanding officer of the detachment to 
carry this provision into effect should occasion arise. 

4-11 

(1) Orders for transfer by transport. — The officer transferring a detachment of 
enlisted men for embarkation on an Army transport will furnish the officer 
or enlisted man in charge with an order directing him to report to the trans- 
port quartermaster, and in all cases there will be included in the order a 
designation of the messes in which the men comprising the detachment are 
entitled to be subsisted. 

(2) Messes. — Marines will be assigned to messes in accordance with Army 
Regulations 30-1220, as follows : 

(a) Ship's officers' mess; sergeants major, quartermaster sergeants, 
master technical sergeants, paymaster sergeants, first sergeants, 
gunnery sergeants, supply sergeants, drum majors, and staff ser- 
geants. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(6) Troop mess: All other enlisted men of the Marine Corps, including 
prisoners, of whatever rank. 

(c) Hospital mess: All sick men of the Marine Corps, irrespective of 
rank, requiring special diet. 



(«) 



4-12 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

Sea and Foreign Service 
4-12 

It is imperative that, as far as practicable, the sea and foreign service of 
enlisted men of the Marine Corps be equalized. Commanding marine officers 
when detailing men for foreign service will not, without specific authority 
from the Major General Commandant, detail any man who has not at least 15 
months to serve on his current enlistment, nor, in the case of reenlisted men, 
any man who within the preceding 12 months completed 15 months' sea or 
foreign service. 

(2) When forwarding requests from men for sea or foreign duty, command- 
ing officers in the Department of the Pacific will furnish information, if avail- 
able, as to whether such men are eligible for sea or foreign duty under the 
preceding paragraph. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

Officers' Choice of Station 

4-13 

Officers are afforded the opportunity, through the medium of official letters 
to the Major General Commandant, to indicate preference for duty and station 
prior to probable date of change of station. 

Payment of Men Prior to Transfer 

4-21 

When men are to be transferred by transport which will consume consid- 
erable time in the voyage, the matter of paying them immediately prior to 
departure from port of embarkation will be given consideration by command- 
ing officers and payment will be effected if the circumstances so warrant. 
(C. M. C. M. 1.) 



(4-6) 






TRANSFERS 4~12 

tificate entered on the N. M. C. 90 that the discharge at present post of duty is 
for the convenience of the Government. 

(6) To Mare Island for bad-conduct discharge. — When a marine is transferred 
from any station outside the continental limits of the United States to the 
marine barracks, Mare Island, Calif., for bad-conduct or dishonorable dis- 
charge in accordance with the sentence of a court-martial, all business per- 
taining to such discharge shall be transacted as expeditiously as possible and 
in accordance with such procedure as may be prescribed by the Major General 
Commandant. 

Army Transports 

4-10 

(1) Smallpox. — Every detachment transferred from a post in the United 
States for embarkation in a United States Army transport will be provided 
with the certificate of a naval surgeon to the effect that its members have been 
duly inspected and are protected against smallpox. 

(2) Epidemic disease. — In case an epidemic disease appears in any detachment 
of marines en route for embarkation on an Army transport, the commanding 
officer of the detachment will at once notify the senior Army surgeon at the 
place of sailing by telegraph. The commanding officer of the post from which 
the detachment leaves will direct the commanding officer of the detachment to 
carry this provision into effect should occasion arise. 

4-11 

(1) Orders for transfer by transport. — The officer transferring a detachment of 
enlisted men for embarkation on an Army transport will furnish the officer 
or enlisted man in charge with an order directing him to report to the trans- 
port quartermaster, and in all cases there will be included in the order a 
designation of the messes in which the men comprising the detachment are 
entitled to be subsisted. 

(2) Messes. — Marines will be assigned to messes in accordance with Army 
Regulations 30-1220, as follows : 

(a) Ship's officers' mess: Sergeants major, quartermaster sergeants, 
first sergeants, gunnery sergeants, and staff sergeants. 

(6) Troop mess: All other enlisted men of the Marine Corps, including 
prisoners, of whatever rank. 

(c) Hospital mess: All sick men of the Marine Corps, irrespective of 
rank, requiring special diet. 

Sea and Foreign Service 

4-12 

It is imperative that, as far as practicable, the sea and foreign service of 
enlisted men of the Marine Corps be equalized. Commanding marine officers 

(4-5) 



4-12 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

when detailing men for foreign service will not, without specific authority 
from the Major General Commandant, detail any man who has not at least 
15 months to serve on his current enlistment, nor, in the case of reenlisted 
men, any man who within the preceding 12 months completed 15 months' sea 
or foreign service. 

Officers' Choice of Station 
4-13 

Officers are afforded the opportunity, through the medium of official letters 
to the Major General Commandant, to indicate preference for duty and station 
prior to probable date of change of station. 



(4^) 



TKANSFERS 4-31 

4-26 

Blank forms. — In order that the pay accounts of marines who are being trans- 
ported on board a naval vessel may be taken up for pay, the commanding officer 
or noncommissioned officer in charge of the detachment, when the voyage is 
more than 15 days' duration or when there is a probability of liberty being 
granted at ports en route, and where such detachment consists of five or more 
men, shall, prior to embarkation, supply himself with the necessary blank forms 
for submitting pay rolls. (See art. 30-73.) (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

SERVICE-RECORD BOOKS AND HEALTH RECORDS 

4-27 

When marines are transferred to a naval vessel for transportation, or to a 
post for further transfer to a naval vessel for transportation, their service- 
record books and health records will accompany them. When the men go on 
board the vessel their service-record books shall be turned over to the com- 
manding officer or noncommissioned officer in charge of the detachment, and 
shall be available for the purpose of preparing and verifying pay rolls. 
(C. M. C. M. 1.) 

Transfers Between East and West Coasts and Tropics 

4-29 

Men transferred from the east coast to the west coast for duty or discharge, 
or to the Tropics for duty, will be ordered to marine barracks, naval operating- 
base, Hampton Roads, Va., and men transferred from the west coast or 
Tropics to the east coast for duty or discharge will be ordered to the marine 
barracks, navy yard, Norfolk, Va., unless otherwise directed by the Major 
General Commandant. (C. M. C. M. 3.) 

INSPECTION prior to transfer 

4-31 

Prior to the transfer of a man or men for duty the post or subordinate 
commander, and the commander of the departing detachment, if any, will 
inspect the clothing and equipment of the man or men. Shortages of neces- 
sary articles will be filled in order that the men may leave for their duty 
properly outfitted. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 



(4-7) 



CHAPTER 5 



OPERATIONS AND TRAINING 



Section 1.— GENERAL 
Training of Officers, Staff Details 

5-1 

(1) Infantry is the foundation on which the military structure is builded. It 
is the first duty of every Marine officer, therefore, to make himself a good 
infantryman. This does not mean that it is necessary for officers to devote 
all of their time to the study of infantry tactics. During the years of peace 
officers have at their disposal ample time in which to become proficient in all 
branches of the profession of arms. 

(2) Especially is it essential that officers should familiarize themselves with 
the duties of the military and administrative staffs. An efficient staff is of 
vital importance to the successful functioning of a military organization. 
Under the detail system all officers of the Marine Corps are eligible for tem- 
porary assignment to any of the staff departments in exactly the same manner 
as they are eligible for assignment to any other duty which the Marine Corps 
is required to perform. Their records as Marine officers, therefore, depend on 
the efficiency shown by them in the performance of both line and staff duties. 

(3) In conformity with the principles enunciated in the preceding paragraphs 
the following policy will be followed, viz : 

(a) All officers will be prepared for assignment to either line or staff duty. 

(o) Approximately one-fourth of the officers detailed in each staff department 
will be relieved therefrom during each calendar year. ■ 

ic) Officers, after relief from staff details, will notybe^detailed in a staff de- 
partmenty foTtr pcJioU^ aytea^tt^ years. 

(d) Officers below the grade of field officer, after relief from a detail in a 
staff department, will perform straight line duty with troops for a period of 
two years. This precludes their assignment during this period to duty as adju- 
tant, acting assistant quartermaster, acting assistant paymaster, inspector, post- 
exchange officer, recruiting officer, aid-de-camp, permanent judge advocate of a 
general court-martial, or duty at Headquarters Marine Corps, or at any head- 
quarters or staff office. « « i 



-* 



5-1 MARINE COKPS MANUAL 

(e) No officer below the rank of captain will be regularly detailed as a mem- 
ber of a staff department. Second lieutenants after three years' service as 
such, and first lieutenants are eligible for assignment for duty as adjutant, 
acting assistant quartermaster, acting assistant paymaster, post-exchange offi- 
cer, recruiting officer, aid-de-camp, permanent judge advocate of a general 
court-martial, or to duty at Headquarters, Marine Corps, or at any headquar- 
ters or staff office. Second lieutenants will not be assigned to any of the above- 
mentioned duties during the first three years of their service, but will be 
required to perform line duty with troops. 

(4) Officers detailed in a staff department should give to the performance of 
staff duty the same initiative, industry, and energy as they give to the per- 
formance of line duty. 

Broadly speaking, there is in the Marine Corps no separation of the line and 
staff. All are Marine officers, and all duties are Marine, Corps duties. 

Regulations, Army, Navy, When Governing 

5-2 . 

The exercises and formation of marines at parades, reviews, inspections, 
escort, guard mount, funerals, and the regulations prescribing salutes, shall 
be the same as those prescribed for the Navy. (See Landing Force Manual.) 
Subject to the foregoing, the infantry drill, marksmanship, and bayonet train- 
ing for the Marine Corps shall be the same as that prescribed for the Army. 
Duties of sentinels and internal regulations for camp and garrison duties 
shall be similar to those prescribed for the Army. 

Duties of Officer of the Day 

5-3 

. . 

(1) The officer of the day shall perform his duties in accordance with 
instructions and regulations established for the Army. 

(2) He shall visit the guards and the sentinels at such times, during his 
tour of duty, as may be prescribed. 

(3) He shall attend all roll calls, and at posts where there are no organized 
companies shall inspect the men at all mess formations. 

(4) At the hour designated by his commanding officer, he shall thoroughly 
inspect the grounds, quarters, bakehouse, kitchen, mess room, cells, and sinks. 

(5) In case of fire at the station, he shall immediately have the alarm 
sounded in the prescribed way, and inform the commandant of the station and 
his commanding officer and carry out the fire regulations of the station. 

(6) He shall enter each day, in the sergeant of the guard's report book, 
the hours he visited sentries, and such other data as may be directed by his 
commanding officer. 

<k~2) 



OPERATIONS AND TRAINING 5~4 

(7) He shall carefully examine the sergeant of the guard's report book 
before guard mounting and have any errors therein corrected. After having 
assured himself as to its correctness and completeness, he shall make the 
following entry over his own signature: "I have personally examined this 
report and find it to be correct," and will present it at office hours to the 
commanding officer for his inspection. 

5-4 

(1) Guard duty, drills, and ceremonies. — The Secretary of the Navy, under date 
of December 24, 1920, promulgated the following as the Navy Department's 
policy concerning the marines assigned to navy yards and naval stations : 

"The remainder of the Marine Corps shall be distributed among the navy 
yards and naval stations for guard duty, the number of marines assigned to 
each navy yard and station being based on the total number of marines avail- 
able for guard duty and with special consideration of local conditions and 
requirements of guard duty. The complement of marine detachments of navy 
yards and naval stations will be made on the basis of five men per sentry 
post, plus the barracks detachment, plus five per cent, allowance for sick, 
absent, furlough, etc." 

(2) To equalize guard duty and stabilize the routine of marine activities 
whose principal mission is guarding naval establishments and property therein, 
the Major General Commandant wishes to announce to all concerned the 
following : 

(a) The proper performance of guard duty is paramount and every effort 
should be directed to indoctrinate this in the minds of officers and men. 
Schools for the instruction of the command in guard duty are prescribed as 
essential. 

(6) Under these circumstances, drills and ceremonies are necessarily greatly 
reduced. The following is prescribed as a minimum for the daily routine : 
A short setting-up exercise in the morning. 
A minute and careful troop inspection of arms, equipment, clothing, 

and general appearance. 
Troop inspection to be followed immediately by a short drill, about 30 
minutes, usually in close order but varied as circumstances permit. 

(c) Ceremonies will be confined to parades and formal guard mounts where 
the command is of sufficient size to carry them out, in which case one of each 
will be required weekly. Inspections by commanding officers and officers of 
the day will be as prescribed in article 590, Navy Regulations, 1920, and 
article 5-3, Marine Corps Manual. (See Art. 17-69.) 

(d) It must be borne constantly in mind that the unit performing service 
duties (barracks detachment, service company or service unit) will be held 
at the absolute smallest requirements and all unnecessary overhead eliminated. 



(5-3) 



5-5 MABINE CORPS MANUAL 

Militaey Schools 

5-5 

(1) Policy. — The following is the policy of the Marine Corps in connection 
with the military schooling of commissioned and warrant officers. All officers 
connected with the administration of such schooling will cooperate in the 
endeavor to obtain the desired results. 

(2) The principal agency for such military schooling will be the Marine 
Corps schools. 

(3) Courses. — The Marine Corps schools will conduct three regular courses 
for commissioned officers: (1) The basic course; (2) the company-officers' 
course; and (3) the field-officers' course. 

(4) Basic course.— All second lieutenants will be given the basic course as 
soon as practicable after appointment. The membership of each class in the 
basic course may include several marine gunners, as they are frequently 
called upon to perform the duties of lieutenants of companies. 

(5) Company-officers' course.— All lieutenants will be given the corapany- 
officers' course when practicable before becoming due for promotion to the 
grade of captain, except those who shall have had the benefit of equivalent 
schooling theretofore. In addition, all captains who have not had the benefit 
of equivalent schooling will be given the company-officers' course when the 
exigencies of the service permit. Occasionally a marine gunner may be 
designated to take this course. 

(6) Field-officers' course. — All captains will be given the field-officers' course 
when practicable before becoming due for promotion to the grade of major, 
except those who shall have had the benefit of equivalent schooling theretofore. 
In addition, all lieutenant colonels and majors who have not had the benefit 
of equivalent schooling will be given the field-officers' course when the exi- 
gencies of the service permit. 

(7) Infantry School, Camp Benning, Ga. — In lieu of taking the company-officers' 
course of the Marine Corps schools, a limited number of captains and senior 
first lieutenants who are graduates of the basic course or have had equivalent 
schooling may be assigned to take the company-officers' course at the Infantry 
School, Camp Benning, Ga. Similarly a limited number of field officers and 
senior captains may be assigned to take the field-officers' course at the In- 
fantry School. 

(8) The general service schools; the Command and General Staff School; Army 
War College. — A limited number of the field-officer graduates of the field-officers' 
course of either the Marine Corps schools or the Infantry School may be as- 
signed to take the course at the Command and General Staff School, Fort 
Leavenworth, Kans. A limited number of field officers may be selected to take 
the course at the Army War College, Washington. These officers will, if prac- 
ticable, be graduates of the Army General Staff School. 

(9) Naval War College. — A limited number of officers above the grade of cap- 
tain who are graduates of one of the prescribed field-officers' courses or have 

(5-4) 



OPERATIONS AND TRAINING 5~5 

had equivalent schooling may he assigned to take the course at the Naval War 
College. Newport, R. I. The Naval War College also provides a junior course 
of instruction which may he taken as a correspondence course. It has not heen 
the policy of the Marine Corps to detail officers to the War College to take this 
course, but enrollment is open to officers who wish to take the course by corre- 
spondence. 

(10) Army artillery schools. — A limited number of officers may be assigned to 
take the battery-officers' or the field-officers' course at the artillery schools of 
the Army. Such officers will be selected from graduates of the company-offi- 
cers' course, Marine Corps schools, or from field officers, captains, and senior 
first lieutenants with equivalent schooling, depending upon the artillery course 
which they are to take. 

(11) Chemical Warfare School, Signal Corps School, Army. — A limited number of 
officers may be assigned to take courses in other special service schools of the 
Army where courses are open to officers of the Marine Corps by courtesy of the 
Army, such as the Chemical Warfare School and the Signal Corps School. 
Such officers will be selected from senior first lieutenants and captains who are 
graduates of the company-officers' course, Marine Corps schools, or who have 
had equivalent schooling. Marine gunners may be designated to take courses 
in schools whose courses of instruction are appropriate to their duties. 

(12) Other military schools, Naval Aviation School. — Assignments to other mili- 
tary schools which may be available for commissioned officers of the Marine 
Corps, as, for instance, Naval Aviation School, will be confined to those who 
shall have had the requisite schooling in infantry subjects, for their respective 
ranks as herein indicated. In every such case the beneficial results to the 
service to be expected will be the determining factor. 

_ (13) Office of Judge Advocate General. — Junior officers with comparatively short 
commissioned service will not be assigned to duty in the Office of the Judge 
Advocate General of the Navy. 

(14) Object. — The particular object of the policy in question is to assure and 
hasten the military schooling of the commissioned personnel as a whole, as 
opposed to the more comprehensive schooling of a small minority, and to as- 
sure to each officer basic schooling according to his rank, in connection with 
the main requirement that marines be excellent infantrymen trained as well to 
serve at sea. At the same time it is not proposed to overlook opportunities for 
additional schooling whereby officers may not only specially educate themselves 
in particular military subjects, but also extend their general military education. 

(15) Enlisted personnel. — It is also the policy of the Marine Corps to afford 
schooling for certain of the enlisted personnel when appropriate and practi- 
cable. This schooling is supplementary to the regular courses of training- 
prescribed for all marines and is in the nature of preparation for detail to 
duties of a special nature. 

(16) Marine Corps schools for enlisted personnel. — The Marine Corps main- 
tains schools for instruction in radio operation, auto mechanics, cooking and 
baking, clerical work, quartermaster administration, and ordnance. There are 

(5-5) 



5-5 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

seugoiug schools for the training of men for sea duty. Courses of instruction 
are also given to classes of candidates for appointment to the United States 
Naval Academy and candidates for commissions in the United States Marine 
Corps. 

(17) Army and Navy schools. — Enlisted men may be detached, when opportu- 
nity permits, to take courses of instruction in schools maintained by the Army 
or Navy, such as the Army Motor Transport School, the Chemical Warfare 
School, and the Navy School in Aviation. 

Marine Corps Institute 

5-6 

(1) Enrollment. — Officers and enlisted men desiring to enroll as students in 
the Marine Corps Institute, or wishing information relative to the courses 
offered, should communicate through their commanding officer direct with the 
Director, Marine Corps Institute, Marine Barracks, Washington, D. C. Upon 
the receipt of inquiries or requests for enrollments, the director of the insti- 
tute will forward all information and necessary enrollment papers to the 
applicant via his commanding officer. 

(2) Correspondence. — After enrollment, correspondence with regard to the 
course will be carried on direct between the director of the Marine Corps 
Institute and the student. 

(3) Diploma. — When a student satisfactorily completes a course in the Marine 
Corps Institute, a diploma or certificate will be awarded and transmitted to 
the student via his commanding officer, by the director. The commanding 
officer will make an appropriate entry in the service-record book of the man 
concerned, showing course satisfactorily completed and date of completion. 
The presentation of a diploma should be an occasion of ceremony. 



(5 15) 



OPERATIONS AND TRAINING 5~8 

School for Bakers and Cooks 

5-8 

(C. M. C. M. 4) 

(1) The school for bakers and cooks is at the marine barracks, Parris 
Island, S. C. This school is considered a training agency for the entire Marine 
Corps under the supervision of the Major General Commandant. 

(2) The purposes of the school are to train enlisted men in the duties of 
bakers, cooks, and mess sergeants and to standardize the handling of the ration 
throughout the entire Marine Corps. 

(3) The school includes the following-named departments and courses: 
(a) Department of baking — bakers' course. 

(6) Department of cooking — cooks' course. 

(c) Mess sergeants' course. For noncommissioned officers and enlisted 

men who are graduates of the bakers and cooks' school, or who 

have served satisfactorily as rated cooks. 

(4) Classes. — A class in each of the courses commences on approximately 
The first day of each month. Courses (a) and (6) are of four months' dura- 
tion; course (c) one month. Recruits detailed as students in courses (a) and 
(6) who are waiting for the first of the month in order to commence their 
courses will be available for the duties and instructions prescribed for the 
seventh and eighth weeks of recruit training. 

(5) Commanding officer. — The Major General Commandant will detail an 
officer as the commanding officer of this school. The commanding officer of the 
school will submit monthly reports showing the names of students joining, 
markings, and progress, and those qualified and available for transfer and all 
separations from the student body. 

(6) Allotments of students. — The Major General Commandant will establish 
from time to time the quota of recruits to be assigned as students in baking 
and cooking. Commanding officers of posts and organizations may be authorized 
by the Major General Commandant to send enlisted men to take any course 
provided at the school. The vacancy created by the detail of a mess sergeant, 
cook, or baker to this school from another post may be temporarily filled by a 
graduate of the bakers and cooks' school upon request of the commanding officer 
of the post concerned. 

(7) Selection of students. — Selection will be made from men of excellent 
character who are well grounded in reading, writing, and arithmetic, and who 
are applicants for such detail. An application will include : 

(a) A statement as to the course of training desired. 

(&) A surgeon's certificate of good health showing specifically — 

(1) No communicable disease. 

(2) Wassermann test negative. 

(3) Typhoid and paratyphoid prophylaxis completed. 



(S-6a) 



5-8 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

(8) Completion of courses. — (a) Upon completion of courses suitable certifi- 
cates will be awarded and suitable entries made in service-record books. 

(6) Students who are unable to qualify within the normal length of the 
course, but who have nevertheless demonstrated fitness for the work, may, with 
the approval of the commanding general, marine barracks, Parris Island, be 
retained for additional instruction for a period of one month to enable them to 
qualify. 

(9) Requests for graduates. — Commanding officers of posts and organizations 
will make formal request to the Major General Commandant for graduate 
cooks, bakers, and mess sergeants should they desire to fill vacancies occurring 
in their complements. 









(5-6b) 



OPERATIONS AND TRAINING 5-1.1 

Section 2.—MARKSMANSHIP 
General Instructions 

5-11 

(1) Courses adopted. — Army Training Regulations, No. 150-10 for the rifle, 
No. 150-20 for the pistol, No. 150-30 for the automatic rifle, No. 150-35 for the 
machine gun, No. 150-40 for the Infantry howitzer, including both the 37- 
millimeter gun and the 3-inch mortar, and No. 50-25 for the bayonet, are 
adopted by the Marine Corps for instruction and qualification in these weapons. 
(C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(2) The course prescribed in Army Training Regulations for the pistol shall 
be fired each year by all officers of the line of the Marine Corps of and below 
the rank of major, all enlisted men above the rank of sergeant and all field 
musics. Other officers are authorized but not required to fire the pistol course. 
All other enlisted men (except members of the Marine Band, and messengers 
and clerks stationed in offices at headquarters, at depots of supplies, and in 
other staff offices) shall fire the pistol course once during an enlistment; and 
after firing the regular pistol course once shall fire a modified pistol course once 
each year thereafter in accordance with instructions published in Marine Corps 
Orders. (C. M. C. M. 3.) 



(5 (?c) 



OPERATIONS AND TRAINING 5~16 

ing each enlistment, and will be awarded Insignia upon qualification. Extra 
compensation will not be paid for qualification with the pistol. 

/ / / / 

5-12 

Preliminary instruction. — Commanding officers will take steps to have all men 
thoroughly instructed in the preliminary drills in part 1 of the Marine Corps 
Score Book and Rifleman's Instructor and in Army Training Regulations 
No. 15O-10, and wherever practicable an officer will be detailed to supervise 
this instruction. It has been found that men from posts where attention is 
given to the preliminary drills qualify in large numbers, while the percentage 
of men qualifying from posts where this important work is neglected is small. 
All the preliminary drills, including instruction in part 1 of the Marine Corps 
Score Book and Rifleman's Instructor and Army Training Regulations for the 
rifle and gallery practice, simulating range firing in all its details to the 
greatest possible extent, can be carried on during the winter months with 
profitable results. 

5-13 

Instruction before arming with pistol. — Men will not be armed with automatic 
pistols until after they have received a thorough course of pistol instruction 
and drill and have fired the Navy pistol course or the course prescribed in 
Army Training Regulations for the pistol. 

5-14 

Ammunition. — At shore stations the oldest ammunition on hand will be used 
in preliminary and combat practice and in record firing, except in such in- 
stances as the commanding officer of the post where the firing is held may 
grant permission, by reason of a decided inferiority of the ammunition con- 
corned, to use a later manufacture for record firing. 

5-15 

The practice season for the Marine Corps will be from January 1 to December 
31, inclusive, of each year. 

5-16 

(1) Record course to be fired each year.— Every man should fire the record 
course each year. A commanding officer, upon receiving the information that 
the rifle range to which he is required to send the men of his command for 
qualification is open, is authorized to communicate with this range direct and 
to arrange for the transfer of such members of his command as are available 
for target practice. The detachments sent from each post should be of such 
size as will enable the men of the command to complete the target firing about 
one month before the probable closing date for the rifle range. The last 

(5-*) 



5-16 MARINE COEPS MANUAL 

month will be used to fire such men as have joined during the season and such 
other men as have not been able to fire before that time. No officer or man 
may fire the record course with the same type arm for qualification more than 
once during any target year; this also applies to reenlisted men who have 
fired the course during the target year in which they were discharged. 

(2) Rifle used at target practice. — Each man will be required to use his own 
rifle at target practice. Any rifle the shooting qualities of which are poor will 
be exchanged for a good rifle. 

(3) Transportation. — Where ranges are located at points distant from stations, 
commanding officers, for the purpose of holding regular practice under Train- 
ing Regulations No. 150-10 or under Firing Regulations for Small Arms, United 
States Navy, are authorized to direct post quartermasters to furnish the neces- 
sary transportation to officers and enlisted men, and to order the travel neces- 
sary. For the purposes mentioned, officers will generally perform travel with 
troops, and no orders for the above purposes issued by commanding officers to 
officers will entitle them to mileage unless such orders are approved by the 
Major General Commandant. 

5-17 

Officers required to fire. — All officers of the line of the Marine. Corps below the 
grade of major, and all majors with less than 15 years' total service, will be 
required by commanding officers to fire, once a year, the rifle course prescribed 
by Army Training Regulations 150-10 and the Navy course as prescribed in 
Firing Regulations for Small Arms, United States Navy. In addition thereto, 
commanding officers will require all officers of the line of the Marine Corps, of 
and below the grade of major, to fire the pistol course prescribed by Army 
Training Regulations 150-20. An officer who, throughout the target practice 
season, is in command of a post at which no other officer is stationed and at 
which there is no range, will not be required to fire but may do so if prac- 
ticable and he can be spared from his regular duties for a sufficient length of 
time. Officers not mentioned above are authorized, but not required, to fire 
the courses for qualification not in excess of the number of times prescribed. 

5-18 

Duration of officer's qualification. — The qualification of an officer remains in 
effect for the same period of time as that of an enlisted man. 

5-19 

(1) Report; service-record book entries. — As soon as a number of officers and 
men have completed firing the record practice of the Army rifle course, their 
Qualification, if any, the total score, the elate of completion of firing, and the 
range upon which firing is held, will be reported i*k,d»#isa£& to the Major Gen- 
eral Commandant, and the same facts will be entered in the service-record 
book of each man concerned, and such entries will be signed by the custodian 

(5-g) 



OPERATIONS AND TRAINING O~20 

of the service-record book or the officer in charge of the range practice. Similar 
reports will be made in the cases of officers and men who have completed firing 
the record practice of the Army pistol course ; the number of those who have 
tired and failed to qualify will be entered but their names and the scores 
made by them need not be shown. A brief entry regarding the firing of the 
pistol course will be made on page 17 of the service-record book under Small 

Arms and Gunnery Prizes, thus: "Army Pistol Course (date) 

(E, Ss, Mm., or Unq.) (score) (I. I. or I. N. I.) (initials 

of custodian of service-record book or the officer in charge of range practice)." 

(2) Partial firing. — If a marine has not completed the firing begun on the 
regular course, such partial firing will not be entered in his service-record book. 

(3) The following shall be noted in the service-record book and on the dis- 
charge certificate of the man concerned : 

(a) Membership on Marine Corps rifle (pistol) team in national match, 
either as captain, coach, spotter, principal, or alternate, thus : 
" Participated as (captain, coach, spotter, principal, or alternate) 
on Marine Corps rifle (pistol) team in national team match at 

(place), (date)." "Awarded national team match 

medal for membership on (first, second, third, etc.) team" (if 
such is the case) . 

(&) Winning a prize in the national rifle (pistol) individual match, 
thus: "Awarded (first, second, third, etc.) prize (gold, silver, or 
bronze) medal or badge, national rifle (pistol) individual match 
at (place), (date)." 

(c) Winning a prize in the Marine Corps match, an individual match, 

subscribed for by the officers of the Marine Corps, thus: 
"Awarded (number) prize, Marine Corps match (individual) at 

(place), (date)." 

(d) Membership on Marine Corps teams corresponding to the depart- 

mental teams authorized in Training Regulations No. 150-10, thus : 
"Awarded (gold, silver, or bronze) medal or badge for (first, 
etc., to twelfth) place on Marine Corps team, (date). Com- 
petition held at (place)." 

(c) "Awarded distinguished marksman's badge, 19 , by reason of 

holding following medals ." 

(/") Classification of expert rifleman, sharpshooter, or marksman under 
Army course. 

(4) The captain of the Marine Corps rifle team is charged with the duty 
of furnishing the information under heads (a), (b), and (c) to the Major 
General Commandant. 

5-20 

Small-arms firing, Navy. — For practice under the Firing Regulations for Small 
Arms, United States Navy, records will be kept and reports submitted as 
required therein. 

(5-9) 



5-21 MARINE OOBPS MANUAL 

5-21 

(1) Officers, to be present. — When record practice under Training Regulations 
150-10 is held an officer will be present at the targets, if practicable, to super- 
vise the marking. When no officer is ava^affte for this duty the officer in 
charge of the firing will take such precautions as may be in his power to insure 
fair and accurate markin|*Sw ^^^ 

(2) The presence of an officer at the firing point during record firing will 
never be dispensed with, an^the oificer should preferably be the company com- 
mander or other officer responsible for the instruction of the men. 

Insignia 



(1) An officer or man will be furnished appropriate insignia for first qu 
fication, either with the rifle or pistol, as expert, sharpshooter, or marksn^an. 
Headquarters will furnish each post and organization ashore and each detach- 
ment afloat with an annual supply of these insignia. .,.-' 

(2) Upon the original qualification of an officer or man in ajpew grade his 
commanding officer will issue appropriate insignia, and in the case of the rifle 
will make notation in ink or with stamp on page 1^ -of the enlisted man's 
service-record book, under the heading " Date insignia delivered," as follows : 
"I. I.," to cover issue of insignia, and " I. N. I." where issue is not made because 
the man is not entitled thereto, having previously qualified in the same grade. 
In the case of the pistol entry will be made as required in article 5-19 (1). 
Should the supply of insignia become temporarily exhausted, notation in the 
service-record book will be deferred until issue can be made. 

(3) Insignia thus issued will be dropped from the property accounts of 
accounting officers on the certificate of issue signed by the commanding officer. 
This may be in the form of a letter to the accounting officer directing the issue 
of the required number of insignia. 

(4) When an officer or man requalifies three times (not necessarily con- 
secutive) with either the rifle or the pistol, as expert, sharpshooter, or marks- 
man, he will be awarded additional bars bearing the years in which the quali- 
fications were made. Applications from officers and men entitled to a requali- 
fication bar will be made to Marine Corps Headquarters, giving the years the 
requalifications were made and whether the bar is intended for the new or 
the old style insignia. (See A. R. 600-35 (42) and A. R. 600-40 (49-D-2).) 

Prizes 

X 5-23 

(1) When men entitled to prizes are transferred, or when their pay accounts 

are closed for discharge, before the prizes are paid, or credited on the pay 

rolls, the fact will be noted «rftie service-record book, and the prizes will be 

credited at their new station or included in the amount paid on discharge. In 

\ (5-10) 



OPERATIONS AND TRAINING 5~22 

5-21 

(1) Officers to be present.— When record practice under Training Regulations 
150-10 is held, at least one officer will be present at the targets to supervise 
the marking. Preferably not more than every four, and in no event more than 
eight, targets will be supervised by one officer. An officer commanding a post 
where no other officer is available for record target practice at that post will 
make request by letter to the Major General Commandant for the temporary 
detail to his post of an officer to supervise targets during record target practice, 
stating in said request the probable date and period of time the services of 
such officer will be required. (C. M. C. M. 4.) J 

(2) The presence of an officer at the firing point during record firing will 
never be dispensed with, and the officer should preferably be the company com- 
mander or other officer responsible for the instruction of the men. 

Insignia 

5-22 

(1) An officer or man will be furnished appropriate insignia for first quali- 
fication, either with the rifle or pistol, as expert, sharpshooter, or marksman. 
Headquarters will furnish each post and organization ashore and each detach- 
ment afloat with an annual supply of these insignia. Bars for qualification with 
the bayonet will be issued only to those holding a basic (expert, sharpshooter, 
or marksman) badge, or to those obtaining a basic badge subsequent to qualify- 
ing with the bayonet. (C. M. C. M. 4.) 

(2) Upon the original qualification of an officer or man in a new grade his 
commanding officer will issue appropriate insignia, and in the case of the rifle 
will make notation in ink or with stamp on page 16 of the enlisted man's 
service-record book, under the heading "Date insignia delivered," as follows: 
" I. I.," to cover issue of insignia, and " I. N. I." where issue is not made because 
the man is not entitled thereto, having previously qualified in the same grade. 
In the case of the pistol entry will be made as required in article 5-19 (1). 
Should the simply of insignia become temporarily exhausted, notation in the 
service-record book will be deferred until issue can be made. 

(3) Insignia thus issued will be dropped from the property accounts of 
accounting officers on the certificate of issue signed by the commanding officer. 
This may be in the form of a letter to the accounting officer directing the issue 
of the required number of insignia. 

(4) When an officer or man requalifies three times (not necessarily con- 
secutive) with either the rifle or the pistol, as expert, sharpshooter, or marks- 
man, he will be awarded additional bars bearing the years in which the quali- 
fications were made. Applications from officers and men entitled to a requali- 
fication bar will be made to Marine Corps Headquarters, giving the years the 
requalifications were made and whether the bar is intended for the new or 
the old style insignia. (See AR 600-35 (43) and AR 60O-40 (49). 



(5-10a) 



5-23 MAEINE CORPS MANUAL 



5-23 

(1) When men entitled to prizes are transferred, or when their pay accounts 
are closed for discharge, before the prizes are paid, or credited on the pay 
rolls, the fact will be noted in the service-record book, and the prizes will be 
credited at their new station or included in the amount paid on discharge. In 
other cases the notation of the award of prizes will not be made in the service- 
record book. 

(2) In addition to the prizes awarded from public funds there may be ap- 
propriated from the exchange, amusement, or other fund in the regular man- 
ner, other prizes for marksmanship competitions, either rifle, pistol, gallery, 
machine gun, field pieces, automatic guns or marksmanship tests of any kind 
except record target practice with the service rifle. Officers are not debarred 
from these competitions and may be granted prizes therein. In like manner, 
matches may be arranged and prizes paid from funds received by donation, 
voluntary entrance fees, or from any other proper source, except that no 
prizes will be given in record target practice with the service rifle. (C. M. 
C. M. 4.) 



(5-lOb) 




OPERATIONS AND TRAINING 5~24 

other cases the notation of the award of prizes will not be made in the service- 
recb^ book. 

(2) Tn_ addition to the prizes awarded from public funds there may be 
appropriate^ from the exchange, amusement, or other fund in the regular 
manner other prizes for marksmanship competitions, either rifle, pistol, gallery, 
machine gun, fielct pieces, automatic guns, or marksmanship tests of any kind. 
Officers are not debarred from these competitions and may be granted prizes 
therein. In like manner matches may be arranged and prizes paid from funds 
repaired by donation, voluntary entrance fees, or from any proper source. 

(3) Prizes for excellency in gunnery exercise and target practice, both afloat 
and ashore, will be awarded and paid to enlisted men of the Marine Corps, in 
like manner, in the same amounts, and under the same conditions as to enlisted 
men of the Navy. 

(4) For instructions regarding the awarding and payment of prizes for 
excellence in gunnery exercise and target practice, see Small Arms Firing Regu- 
lations, United States Navy. 

(5) A gunnery prize awarded to an enlisted man of the Marine Corps is 
neither pay nor an allowance and, accordingly, is not forfeited by a court- 
martial sentence imposing loss of pay and allowances. (22 Comp., 470, Mar. 
18, 1916.) 

Rifle and Pistol Competitions 
5-24 

(1) Kind of competitions. — The following rifle and pistol competitions will be 
held each year at such times as may be designated by the Major General Com- 
mandant : Eastern Division rifle and pistol competitions at Quantico, Va. ; 
Southeastern Division rifle and pistol competitions at Parris Island, S. C. ; 
Western Division rifle and pistol competitions at San Diego, Calif. ; West 
Indies Division rifle and pistol competitions at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba; Marine 
Corps rifle and pistol competitions at Quantico, Va. ; Elliott Trophy match at 
Quantico, Va. ; San Diego Trophy match at San Diego, Calif.; Lauchheimer 
Trophy match at Quantico, Va. 

(2) Eligibility. — All officers and enlisted men, except distinguished marksmen 
and distinguished pistol shots, are eligible to participate in division and Marine 
Corps rifle and pistol competitions. Commanding officers, in making selections, 
should give due regard to steadiness, good soldierly habits, and conduct, as 
well as to excellence in marksmanship, and all men whose past performances 
or range records for the current year indicate their proficiency should be given 
an opportunity to qualify as competitors. 

(3) Transfer of enlisted competitors. — Upon receipt of authorization from the 
Major General Commandant to send men to compete in division rifle and 
pistol competitions, commanding officers will select the men they desire, within 
the prescribed quota, and transfer them to the place of competition without 
further reference to headquarters. Such transfers will be complete and 
the staff returns of the men concerned will be forwarded to the post where the 

(5-11) 



5-24 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

competitions are to be held. Immediately following such transfers report 
thereof will he made showing the names of the men thus transferred. 

(4) Transfer of officers.— Commanding officers desiring to send officers of their 
commands to the competitions will telegraph their names to the Major General 
Commandant and request orders. Officers sent to competitions will be in addi- 
tion to the quotas assigned the various posts. The detail of officers to attend 
is desirable and should be made wherever practicable. 

(5) Distinguished rifle and pistol shots, while not eligible to shoot for medals 
in division and Marine Corps rifle and pistol competitions, should be encour- 
aged to shoot for places in order that they may be considered in connection 
with assignment to the team squad and the award of the Lauchheimer Trophy. 
►Scores made by distinguished rifle and pistol shots will be included in the 
official report of competitions. Men in the distinguished class, when sent to 
competitions, will be in addition to the quotas assigned the various posts. 

(6) Officers in charge. — The officer in charge of each competition will be desig- 
nated by the Major General Commandant, and the competitions will be con- 
ducted in accordance With the general provisions outlined in Section VIII of 
Training Regulations 150-10 for the rifle, and instructions contained in Train- 
ing Regulations 150-20 for the pistol, and such special instructions as may be 
issued from Headquarters, Marine Corps. 

(7) Preliminary practice. — In order that no officer or enlisted man may be 
handicapped by lack of practice, competitors will be sent to the place of com- 
petition at least one week in advance of the date set for the beginning of the 
competition proper for preliminary shooting. 

(8) Arms.— The United States magazine rifle, model of 1903, and the Colt 
automatic pistol, caliber .45, will be used in all rifle and pistol competitions. 
Alterations in these arms as issued or the use of special sights will not be per- 
mitted except that during competitions and any practice preliminary thereto 
the rifle may be provided with any size peep sight and a suitable front sight, 
provided such sights are those designed by the United States Army for use 
with the rifle as now issued. Except as specified above, rifles will be provided 
with the No. 10 front and rear sights. In all firing, both preliminary and in 
competition proper, either the peep or open sight may be used. 

(9) Ammunition. — Standard service rifle and pistol ammunition, of the same 
lot if possible, will be issued by the officer in charge of the competition and 
will be used by all competitors. 

(10) Uniform. — In all rifle and pistol competitions uniform clothing and field 
belts will be worn. The use of leggings will be optional. 

( 11 ) Rapid fire. — In rapid fire all loading will be from the belt. 

(12) Reports. — As soon as possible after the completion of competitions 
officers in charge will prepare reports and submit them to the Major General 
Commandant, showing the names of officers and enlisted men entered, medals 
awarded and to whom, dates of enlistment, together with such remarks and 
recommendations as may be deemed pertinent. These reports will also show 
the scores of each competitor at each range fired, and the total scores at all 

(5-12) 






OPEEATIONS AND TKAINING 5-25 

ranges. The scores of distinguished marksmen and distinguished pistol shots 
will be shown at the bottom of the reports. 

(13) The presentation of medals will be made, when practicable, at the close 
of competitions and will be conducted with the ceremony and formality war- 
ranted by the importance of the occasion. 

(14) Method of procedure. — The officers in charge of the various competitions 
will prescribe rules for marking and scoring, settling protests, etc., and the 
general method of procedure of the competitions, which will be as nearly as 
possible the same as those prescribed for competitions in Training Regulations 
150-10 and 150-20. 

(15) Assignment to relays and targets. — In division and Marine Corps rifle and 
pistol competitions competitors will be reassigned to relays and targets after 
each stage is fired, in the order of their standing in the preceding stage. 

(16) Whenever a competition is not completed in one day, the day's firing 
will cease at the completion of a stage in order that each stage may be com- 
pleted for the competitors under as nearly the same conditions as possible. 
(C. M. C. M. 5.) 

DIVISION EIFLE COMPETITIONS 

5-25 

(1) Entry list. — The number of entries, commissioned and enlisted, in each 
division rifle competition shall be determined each year by the Major General 
Commandant. The entries will, in all cases, be those men representing the 
quotas assigned the various posts by the Major General Commandant. If for 
any reason it is found impracticable to assemble the prescribed quota of en- 
listed men, commanding officers will inform the Major General Commandant by 
wire, and the competition will be delayed pending the receipt of instructions. 

(2) The preliminary practice course will be the same as the National Rifle 
Team Match course, and will be fired at least once by each entrant prior to 
the firing of the competition proper. 

(3) The competition proper will consist in twice firing the National Rifle Team 
Match course, and will be fired during a period of two days. (C. M. C. M. 5.) 

(4) Stages. — The order of sequence in firing will be determined by the officer 
in charge of the competitions. 

(5) Badges. — Gold, silver, and bronze badges, in numbers to be determined 
by the Major General Commandant, will be awarded the enlisted competitors 
making the highest scores in each division rifle competition. The badge win- 
ners shall comprise the division rifle team. Commissioned competitors (except 
distinguished marksmen) making a score equal to that of any enlisted com- 
petitor winning a badge shall receive a badge similar in all respects to that 
awarded the enlisted man, and be carried as extra numbers on the division 
rifle team. 



(5-13) 



5-26 MARINE COUPS MANUAL 

MARINE COEPS RtFLE COMPETITION 

5-26 

(1) Eligibility. — Only those officers and enlisted men who were awarded 
badges as a result of division rifle competitions fired prior to the Marine Corps 
rifle competition and in the same calendar year, distinguished marksmen, and 
such officers and men as may be specially designated by the Major General 
Commandant shall be eligible to enter this competition. Officers and men 
who have been selected to compete in the Marine Corps pistol competition are 
eligible to enter the Marine Corps rifle competition, to fire for score only, to 
be considered in connection with the award of the Lauchheimer Trophy. 

(2) Transfers. — Upon the completion of each division competition the name 
of the commissioned competitors winning places in these competitions will be 
telegraphed to Headquarters, Marine Corps, with the request for further in- 
structions. Upon the receipt of this telegram orders will be issued to transfer 
such of these officers as may be considered available to Quantico to partici- 
pate in the Marine Corps competition. Commanding officers under whose 
jurisdiction each division competition is held are authorized to direct the post 
quartermasters to furnish the necessary transportation to all enlisted com- 
petitors winning badge places in the division competition, together with such 
commissioned competitors as may be directed by Headquarters, Marine Corps, 
and to order the travel necessary. Transfers of such enlisted competitors 
will be complete and their staff returns will be forwarded to Quantico. Men 
who fire in division competitions and fail to win places will be transferred hack 
to their former stations by the commanding officer under whose jurisdiction 
the competition was held. Immediately following such transfers report thereof 
will be made showing the names of the men thus transferred. Upon completion 
of the Marine Corps rifle and pistol competitions and of the try-outs for the 
Marine Corps rifle and pistol teams the commanding officer at Quantico will 
report to Headquarters, Marine Corps, the names of all unsuccessful competitors 
with the request for further instructions. Whenever practicable and desirable, 
competitors who are not selected for the Marine Corps rifle and pistol team 
will be returned to their original stations. 

(3) Preliminary practice for the Marine Corps rifle competition will be the 
same as that prescribed for division rifle competitions, and will be fired at least 
one time by each competitor prior to the competition proper. 

(4) Competition proper. — The course prescribed for division rifle competitions 
will be fired. 

(5) Stages. — The Marine Corps rifle competition will be fired by stages in the 
same manner as division rifle competitions. 

(6) Badges. — Gold, silver, and bronze badges, in numbers to be determined by 
the Major General Commandant, will be awarded to the enlisted competitors 
making the highest scores in this competition. The badge winners will be as- 
signed to the Marine Corps team squad for further training, with a view to 
their participation in the national matches if found qualified. Commissioned 

(5-14) 



OPERATIONS AND TRAINING 5-28 

competitors (except distinguished marksmen ) making a score equal to that 
of any enlisted man winning a badge will receive a badge similar in all respects 
to that awarded the enlisted man, and where possible will be assigned to the 
Marine Corps team squad. 

ELLIOTT TROPHY MATCH 

5-27 

(1) Eligibility. — Each post in the Marine Corps east of the Mississippi River 
with an authorized strength of 50 or more men is eligible to enter a team of 
not more than 8 firing members in this competition, and shall enter such a 
team when authorized to do so by the Major General Commandant, who will 
determine which posts are to compete and the number of members on each 
team. Distinguished marksmen and officers may compete in this match on 
even terms with other participants, no restriction being imposed upon them 
because of the fact that they are distinguished in the use of the rifle, but 
former members of a National Match U-am may not compete. Team captains 
shall certify to the eligibility of their teams to the officer in charge before the 
match. 

(2) Time. — The Elliott Trophy match will be held each year on the rifle 
range at Quantico, Va., immediately following the Marine Corps competitions. 
Participants in division and the Marine Corps rifle and pistol competitions 
shall be eligible to fire in this match as members of the team representing 
their respective posts. The membership of each post team, however, is a 
matter for each commanding officer to determine. 

(3) The competition proper shall consist in once firing the National Rifle Team 
Match course. (C. M. C. M. 5.) 

(4) Award. — The team attaining the highest aggregate score in this competi- 
tion will be awarded the Elliott Trophy, which shall be engraved with the name 
of the post represented by the winning team and be held by the commanding 
officer of such post until the next competition is held. 

SAN DIEGO TROPHY MATCH 

5-28 

(1) Eligibility. — Each Marine Corps post on the west coast of the United 
States with an authorized strength of 50 men or more, and the Expeditionary 
Forces at San Diego and Marine Barracks, Naval Station, Pearl Harbor, 
Hawaii, is eligible to enter a team of not more than eight firing members in 
this competition, and shall enter such a team when authorized to do so by 
the Major General Commandant, who will determine which posts are to com- 
pete and the number of members on each team. Distinguished marksmen and 
officers may compete in this match on even terms with the other participants, 
no restriction being imposed upon them because of the fact that they are 
distinguished in the use of the rifle, but former members of a National Match 

(5-15) 



5—28 MABLNE OOKPri MANUAL 

team may not compete. Team captains shall certify to the eligibility of their 
teams to the officer in charge before the match. 

(2) Time. — The San Diego Trophy match will be held each year on the rifle 
range at San Diego, Calif., immediately following the Western D. vision com- 
petition. Participants in the division competitions, both rifle and pistol, shall 
be eligible to fire in the match as members of the teams representing their 
respective posts. The membership of each post team, however, is a matter 
for each commanding officer to determine. 

(3) The competition proper shall consist in once firing the National Rifle Team 
Match course. (C. M. C. M. 5.) 

(4) Award. — The team attaining the highest aggregate score in this competi- 
tion will be awarded the San Diego Trophy, which shall be engraved with the 
name of the post represented by the winning team, and be held by the com- 
manding officer of such post until the next competition is held. 

(5) Transfers. — Members of the winning team will be transferred to Quantico, 
Va., along with the badge winners of the Western Division Rifle and Pistol 
Competitions, for participation in the try-outs at that post for the Marine 
Corps team. 

DIVISION PISTOL COMPETITIONS 

5-29 

(1) Entry fist. — The number of entries, commissioned and enlisted, in each 
division pistol competition shall be determined each year by the Major General 
Commandant. The entries will, in all cases, be those men representing the 
quotas assigned the various posts by the Major General Commandant. When 
commanding officers so desire, the entire quota for the pistol competition, or any 
part of it, may be comprised of men selected to represent their posts in the 
division rifle competition. If, for any reason, it is found impracticable to as- 
semble the prescribed quota of enlisted men, commanding officers will inform 
the Major General Commandant by wire and the competition will be delayed 
pending the receipt of instructions. 

(2) The preliminary course as outlined in Training Regulations 150-20 for 
the pistol will be fired at least one time by each entrant prior to the firing 
of the competition proper. 

(3) The competition proper will consist of the firing by each competitor of the 
course prescribed for. preliminary practice, except that the course will be fired 
through twice. 

(4) Badges. — Gold, silver, and bronze badges, in numbers to be determined 
by the Major General Commandant, will be awarded the enlisted competitors 
making the highest scores in each division pistol competition. The men w: li- 
ning badges shall comprise the division pistol team. Commissioned competitors 
mak ng a score equal to that of any enlisted competitor winning a badge shall 
receive a badge similar in all respects to that awarded the enlisted man, and 
be carried as extra numbers on the division pistol team. 



(5-16) 



OPERATIONS AND TRAINING 5-31 

Maeine Coups Pistol Competition 

5-30 

(1) Eligibility. — Only those officers and enlisted men who were awarded 
badges as a result of division pistol competitions fired prior to the Marine 
Corps pistol competition and in the same calendar year, distinguished pistol 
shots, and such officers and men as may be specially designated by the Major 
General Commandant, will be eligible to enter this competition. Officers and 
men who have been selected to compete in the Marine Corps rifle competition 
are eligible to enter the Marine Corps pistol competition to fire for score only, 
to be considered in connection with the award of the Lauchheimer Trophy. 

(2) Transfers. — The transfers of badge winners in the division pistol com- 
petitions w T ill be effected in the same manner as prescribed above for badge 
winners in the division rifle competition. 

(3) Preliminary practice for Marine Corps pistol competition will be the same 
as that prescribed for division pistol competitions, and will be fired at least 
one time by each competitor prior to the competition proper. 

(4) Competition proper. — Tbe course prescribed for division pistol competi- 
tions will be fired. 

(5) Badges. — Gold, silver, and bronze badges, in numbers to be determined 
by the Major General Commandant, will be awarded the enlisted competitors 
making the highest scores in the Marine Corps pistol competition. These men 
shall be assigned to the Marine Corps team squad for further training, with a 
view to their participation in the National matches if found qualified. Com- 
missioned competitors (except distinguished pistol shots) making a score equal 
to that of any enlisted competitor receiving a badge shall be awarded a badge 
similar in all respects to that awarded the enlisted men, and, where possible, 
will be assigned to the Marine Corps team squad. 

Latjchheimee Teophy Match 

5-31 

(1) Conditions of award. — The Lauchheimer Trophy will be awarded annually 
to the officer or enlisted man who makes the highest final score, computed 
in accordance with the formula given below, with both rifle and pistol during 
the Marine Corps competitions. 

(2) Men in distinguished class. — Distinguished marksmen and distinguished 
pistol shots are eligible to receive this trophy, and the scores made by them 
while shooting in Marine Corps competitions will be considered in connection 
with its award. 

(3) Method of determining the winners. — The competitor having the highest 
final score, which is the sum of his total scores in the rifle and pistol com- 
petitions, will be declared the winner and will receive a gold medal and a 

(5-17) 



5-31 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

letter of commendation from the Major General Commandant. In the event 
that there is a tie the competitor of those tied having the highest total scores 
in the rifle competition will be considered the winner. Should a tie still exist, 
the competitor of those tied having the highest total scores with the rifle at 
1,000 yards will be the winner. In the event that there is still a tie, the com- 
petitor of those tied having the highest total scores with the pistol in rapid 
fire will be considered winner. Thereafter a tie still existing will be de- 
termined by the highest number of fives with the rifle at 1,000 yards, by the 
highest number of tens in rapid fire with the pistol, by the highest number of 
fours with the rifle at 1,000 yards, by the highest number of nines in rapid fire 
with the pistol, and so on. The competitor attaining the second highest final 
score will receive a silver medal. The competitor attaining the third highest 
final score will receive a bronze medal. The name of the winner will be 
engraved upon the trophy, which is emblematic of the rifle and pistol cham- 
pionship of the Marine Corps, and which, under the conditions of award, must 
be kept in the office of the Major General Commandant at headquarters, 
United States Marine Corps. (C. M. C. M. 6.) 

The Haines Bayonet Trophy 

5-32 

(CM. C. M. 6) 

(1) The Haines Bayonet Trophy will be awarded annually to the post, 
detachment (including ships' detachments), or company of the Marine Corps 
whose average strength for the target year is not less than 40 enlisted men 
and not greater than 300 enlisted men attaining . the highest figure of merit 
with the bayonet in the prescribed qualification course during the target 
practice year. 

(2) Only one trial for qualification by any one individual will be permitted 
during the target practice year; and an organization will only receive credit 
for men taking the course or qualifying while attached to the organization. 

(3) At least 75 per cent of the men attached to an organization must take 
the course in order that the organization may be eligible for the trophy. 

(4) In determining the figure of merit the following computations will be 
made: 

Two points for each man qualifying as bayonet expert. 

One point for each man taking the qualification course but failing to qualify 
as expert. 

The sum of the above to be divided by the actual number of men who took 
the qualification course. 

(5) Rifle-range detachments and recruit organizations are not eligible to 
compete for this trophy. 



(5-18) 



OPERATIONS AND TRAINING 5-34 

The Feanklin Whaeton Cup 
5-33 

(C. M. C. M. 0) 

(1) The Franklin Wharton Cup was donated to the Marine Corps by Mrs. 
Sara Wharton Howard, great-granddaughter of Lieut. Col. Franklin Wharton, 
who was Commandant of the Marine Corps from 1804 to 1818. 

(2) The Franklin Wharton Cup will be awarded annually to the post, detach- 
ment (including ships' detachments), or company of the Marine Corps whose 
average strength for the target year is not less than 40 enlisted men and not 
greater than 300 enlisted men attaining the highest figure of merit in rifle 
marksmanship during the target practice year. 

(3) At least 75 per cent of the men attached to an organization must fire for 
record while so attached in order that the organization may be eligible for 
the cup. 

(4) In arriving at the figure of merit the following computations will be 
made : 

Multiply the number of expert riflemen by 5. 
Multiply the number of sharpshooters by 4. 
Multiply the number of marksmen by 3. 

Divide the sum of the figures obtained as above by the number of men who 
fired to obtain the final figure of merit. 

(5) Rifle-range detachments and recruit organizations are not eligible to 
compete for this cup. 

Harold F. Wiegman Teophy 

5-34 

(C. M. C. M. 6) 

(1) The Harold F. Wirgman Trophy will be awarded annually to the post 
winning the highest place in the Elliott Trophy Match and whose authorized 
complement does not exceed 300 officers and enlisted men. 

(2) No subdivisions of the posts at Quantico, Parris Island, or San Diego 
will be eligible to compete. 

(3) The name of the winning post and score will be inscribed on the cup by 
headquarters and the cup forwarded to the post to be held by it for one year. 

(4) The cup will be brought or sent back to the place of holding the Elliott 
Trophy Match each year by the winning post. 



(5-18a) 



5—3:1 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

Section 3.— FIELD AND EXPEDITIONARY SERVICE 

Marine Corps Expeditionary Forces 

5-41 

(C. M. 0. M. 4) 

(1) The term "Marine Corps Expeditionary Forces" shall be used as a 
general term to designate as a whole those permanently or provisionally organ- 
ized units of the Marine Corps which are intended for overseas service with 
the fleet. 

(2) If all or part of such Marine Corps Expeditionary Forces should be 
assembled for the execution of a specific mission, in peace or war, Headquarters 
will give the organization thus formed an official designation. 

(3) Brigades and divisions of the Marine Corps Expeditionary Forces when 
given a numerical designation will preserve their Marine Corps identity by the 
insertion of the word " Marine " between the numeral and the name which is 
descriptive of the unit, thus : 

2d Marine Division. 
3d Marine Brigade. 

(4) Regiments of the Marine Corps Expeditionary Forces when given a 
numerical designation will preserve their Marine Corps identity by the addition 
of the word " Marines " after the numeral, thus : 

4th Marines. 
5th Marines. 
6th Marines. 

(5) Companies and batteries of the Marine Corps Expeditionary Forces, when 
forming a part of a higher tactical unit such as a battalion or regiment, will be 
designated alphabetically and the present numerical designation shown in 
brackets after the alphabetical designation, thus: Co. A. (43d). This dual 
designation will be used in all correspondence, records of events, reports, pay 
rolls, and muster rolls. The alphabetical designation alone may be used in 



(5-18b) 



OPERATIONS AND TRAINING 



5-41 



field orders, field messages, and operation reports. When companies or batteries 
are operating not as a component part of a higher tactical unit, the numerical 
designation only will be used. The alphabetical designation will be in accord- 
ance with Marine Corps Tables of Organization (War Strength) and utilized 
in the following manner : 



Infantry regiment 


Artillery regiment, 75-mm. 


Artillery regiment, 155-mm. 


Engineer 
battalion 


First Battalion: 


First Battalion: 


First Battalion: 


Company A. 


Company A (rifle). 


Battery A. 


Battery A. 


Company B. 


Company B (rifle). 


Battery B. 


Battery B. 


Company C. 


Company C (rifle). 


Battery C. 


Second Battalion: 




Company D (machine 


Second Battalion: 


Battery C. 




gun and howitzer). 


Battery D. 


Battery D. 




Second Battalion: 


Battery E. 


Third Battalion: 




Company E (rifle). 


Battery F. 


Battery E. 




Company F (rifle). 




Battery F. 




Company Q (rifle). 








Company H (machine 








gun and howitzer). 








Third Battalion: •» 








Company I (rifle). 








Company K (rifle). 








Company L (rifle). 








Company M (machine 








gun and howitzer). 









Note. — Headquarters and headquarters companies, service companies, etc., 
will be designated by their name and the organization which they serve, as 
HQ. and Hq. Co., 1st Bn., 5th Marines; Serv. Co., 5th Marines; Signal Company, 
1st Marine Division, etc. 

When a provisional battalion is formed, the designation of companies or 
batteries therein shall be as prescribed for the first battalion of a regiment. 
When any battalion has less than four companies, the machine-gun and how- 
itzer company shall be given the letter designation of D, H, or M, as may 
be appropriate. 

(6) At Quantico, Va., and San Diego, Calif., are bases for permanent or 
skeletonized organizations which are parts of the Marine Corps Expeditionary 
Forces. 



(5-18aT 



(Z) Dispatch caseJTiotebooif, biacK, blue, green, and red pencils. 



OPERATIONS AND TRAINING 5~42 

Field Equipment 

5-42 

(1) Officers. — The following is the field equipment prescribed for officers of 
all ranks up to and including the rank of colonel : 

(a) Automatic pistol, .45 caliber, 3 magazines, holster, lanyard, and 21 

rounds of ammunition. 
(o) Pistol belt, with suspenders and magazine carrier. 

(c) First aid package and pouch. 

(d) Canteen, with cover and cup. 

(e) N. C. staff haversack, with meat can, knife, fork, and spoon. 

(f) Field glasses. 
(gr) Whistle. 

(h) Poncho. 

(0 Flashlight, electric. 

(;) Wrist watch, with illuminated dial. 

(fc) Compass, with illuminated_d^al. 

(m) Clothing roll. 

(n) Bedding roll. 

(o) Trunk locker. (Field officers, 2 trunk lockers.) 

{p) Identification tags. 

(g) Gas mask. 

(r) Steel helmet. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(2) Articles (a) to (7i) and (p) to (r) may be obtained from the Quarter- 
master's Department upon memorandum receipt; articles (i) to (o) may be 
purchased from the Quartermaster's Department. (C. M. C. M. 2.) 

(3) Books. — Officers and organizations ordered on expeditionary duty shall 
take with them the books and other publications prescribed in Note Annex to 
Accompany Organization and Consolidated Equipment Tables, U. S. M. C. 
(C. M. C. M. 2.) 

(4) Baggage. — The following allowance of baggage for officers is prescribed 
and will not be exceeded : All officers — bedding roll and clothing roll ; mounted 
officers, in addition, horse equipment. Brigade commander — three steamer 
trunks. Field officers — two steamer trunks. Company officers — one steamer 
trunk. 

No trunk shall be taken the cubic content of which is more than that of the 
enlisted man's trunk-locker, the outside (over all) dimensions of which are 
13% inches high, 21% inches wide, and 35 inches long. Officers who have the 
standard Army trunk (dimensions 14 inches high, 17 inches wide, and 31 
inches long) may keep and use this trunk rather than the Marine Corps 
trunk-locker. 

(5) Enlisted men; for foreign tropical expeditionary duty. — When orders are 
received to transfer detachments to foreign tropical expeditionary service, it 
shall be the duty of the commanding officer, company, or detachment com- 
mander to personally satisfy himself that each man to be so transferred is sup- 

(5-19) 



5-42 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

plied, prior to transfer, with all articles of equipment specified in article 17-62, 
and that each article is in good and serviceable condition, issues being made to 
replace worn-out or damaged articles. He will also see that each man is sup- 
plied with a clothing bag, and the necessary toilet articles, including toilet and 
washing soap. 

(6) Companies and detachments will leave their posts in complete field uni- 
form and fully equipped. Overcoats will always be taken, being worn when the 
weather requires. While abroad, especially in the tropics, overcoats will ac- 
company the men wherever they are serving, this being required in order that 
they may have overcoats when ordered to the United States. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(7) Officers commanding detachments in the tropics will, before the men 
are transferred to the United States, see that they are properly supplied with a 
sufficient number of flannel shirts to assure their warmth and comfort upon 
their arrival in the United States during cold weather. 

(8) The men will carry with them in their clothing bags, so far as may be 
practicable, all their clothing and personal effects. 

(9) Should any clothing be left at posts, it will be packed in accordance 
with instructions contained in article 4-8. 

(10) Each company will take its company typewriter and desk. (C. M. 
C. M. 1.) 

(11) In the field such quantity of straw or hay for the bedding of troops is 
authorized as the commanding officer may deem necessary to preserve the 
health of the troops. 

(12) Tentage. — The allowance of tentage and paulins for expeditionary forces 
will be published in Marine Corps Orders and equipment tables. 

Officers of Quartermaster's Department 

5-43 

(1) When an expeditionary force consists of at least a battalion of three 
companies or more, an officer of the Quartermaster's Department will, when 
practicable, be attached for duty with the organization. A line officer below 



(5-20) 



OPERATIONS AND TRAINING 5"43 

the grade of captain will usually be detailed for duty as acting quartermaster 
with expeditionary forces of less than three companies. 

(2) When a brigade of marines is ordered to field service or expeditionary 
service, officers of the Quartermaster's Department will, when practicable, be 
ordered as brigade and depot quartermasters. If practicable a regimental 
quartermaster will be provided for each regiment from the officers of the 
Quartermaster's Department. The senior officer of the Quartermaster's De- 
partment on duty with the expedition shall be the brigade quartermaster. 
Ordinarily the depot quartermaster will act as brigade commissary, but an- 
other officer will be separately detailed if the conditions of the service demand. 



(5-21) 



' 






OPERATIONS AND TRAINING 5-51 

the grade of captain will usually be detailed for duty as acting quartermaster 
with expeditionary forces of less than three companies. 

(2) When a brigade of marines is ordered to field service or expeditionary 
service, officers of the Quartermaster's Department will, when practicable, be 
ordered as brigade and depot quartermasters. If practicable a regimental 
quartermaster will be provided for each regiment from the officers of the 
Quartermaster's Department. The senior officer of the Quartermaster's De- 
partment on duty with the expedition shall be the brigade quartermaster. 
Ordinarily the depot quartermaster will act as brigade commissary, but another 
officer will be separately detailed if the conditions of the service demand. 

Training of Field Musics 

5-46 

At stations where there are facilities field musics will be instructed in 
leading music and playing the trumpetl^y note^ "instead of by ear, in addition 
to their other training. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

Issue, Inspection, Cleaning, and Survey of Rifles and Pistols 

5-51 

(1) General. — Officers are cautioned as to the necessity of frequently inspect 
ing the arms and equipment of men whose duties do not provide for their 
presence at the usual routine inspection. In connection with the subject 
matter of this article the attention of all officers is invited to article 590, Navy 
Regulations, paragraphs 35, 36, and 37, T. R, 320-10, as modified by Change 
No. 1, dated January 2, 1926, and paragraphs 36, 37, 38, 39, and 40, T. R. 150-5. 
(C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(2) Issue witnessed by an officer. — The issue of all rifles to enlisted men, as 
provided for in articles 17-65, Marine Corps Manual, will be witnessed by an 
officer, other than the accountable officer, who is competent to determine the 
condition of the weapon at the time of issue, and who will affix his signature 
as such on Form 782. If a competent officer is not available the witnessing offi- 
cer may be assisted by a noncommissioned officer who has the necessary technical 
knowledge. Prior to the issue the bore of the piece will be thoroughly cleaned 
and carefully inspected by the witnessing officer, who will be guided in his 
inspection by the instructions contained in paragraphs 5 and 6 of this article. 
Under no circumstances will an enlisted man be issued an arm that is unserv- 
iceable at the time of issue or likely to become unserviceable with proper 
care while in his hands. Minor defects in the bore, stock, and finish of the 
piece that do not render it unserviceable at the time of issue and are not of 
a nature apt, with proper care, to render the piece unserviceable while in the 
hands of the man will be noted over the signature of the witnessing officer 



(5-21) 



5~51 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

on Form 782. The same inspection and certification, on memorandum receipt, 
will be made in the case of issue of pistols for other than temporary use. As 
the purpose of this inspection and entry is to fix the responsibility for the 
future condition of the piece, great care shall be taken in this inspection and 
particularly that minor defects are properly noted. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(3) Inspection when arms are turned in. — A similar inspection will be made 
when a rifle or pistol is turned into stock for any reason after being in the 
hands of an enlisted man, on Form 782 in the. case of a rifle or memoradum 
receipt in the case of a pistol, and when a man so provided with a piece joins 
a post or detachment from some other organization. Should either of these 
latter inspections indicate that the piece has been neglected while in the hands 
of the man to whom issued, a board of survey will be called immediately to 
fix the responsibility. In this connection it must be clearly understood by all 
officers and enlisted men that the responsibility for the proper care of a rifle 
or pistol in the hands of an enlisted man will be shared equally by the man 
himself and by his immediate commanding officer, and in the case of proven 
neglect on the part of either of them appropriate disciplinary action shall be 
taken by the responsible commanding officer. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 



(5-22) 



OPERATIONS AND TRAINING 5~51 

(4) Nature of inspection. — Inspection of the rifle barrels for serviceability will 
in general be based on visual inspection, and inspectors will be guided by this 
requirement. Accuracy is reduced in varying degrees by the following 
defects: Bulges, erosion, and pits. The extent to which these defects reduce 
accuracy can be determined by two methods, namely, visual inspection and test 
firing. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(5) Visual inspection. — (a) Hold the barrel up to the ligbt (sky) and examine 
the muzzle and breech. 

(6) If the bore appears free from bulges and pits, and the lands are sharp 
and uniformly distinct, the barrel is serviceable. 

(c) If the barrel contains small pits but has sharp and uniformly distinct 
lands, and is free from bulges, it will be sufficiently accurate to be service- 
able. This condition, however, naturally implies that the barrel has been 
neglected, and its period of serviceability will be materially lessened. 

(d) If the barrel contains a bulge, it is unserviceable and should be scrapped. 
This condition is indicated by a shadowy depression or dark ring in the bore 
and may often be noticed through a bulge or raised ring on the barrel surface. 

(e) If a dark ring or scoring is apparent in the bore at the chamber end 
the rifle is unserviceable. This is due to erosion or gas cutting caused by the 
action of the hot powder gases and is progressive. This generally takes 
place after a large number of rounds have been fired through the rifle. Some- 
times this appears as small, dark lines extending for a short distance into the 
bore of the rifle. 

(f) If the barrel is pitted to the extent that the sharpness of the lands 
is affected, or if it has a pit or pits in the lands or grooves large enough to 
I>ermit the passage of gas past the bullet, i. e., a pit the width of a land or 
groove and % inch to y% inch or longer, it is or soon will be too inaccurate 
for serviceability and should be scrapped. Under these conditions, the pitting 
will be charged to neglect and should be so reported. 



(5-23) 



5-51 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

(g) If the accuracy of a barrel pitted as described in paragraph (5) (c) 
is questioned, test fire the rifle and if found unserviceable, the inspector will 
report the barrel as unserviceable through neglect. (O. M. C. M. 1.) 

(6) Test firing. — (a) The test will be made under favorable weather condi- 
tions by an expert shot with the rifle at known distance slow fire, under 
the personal supervision of a disinterested officer, and will consist of three 
targets of 10 shots at a range of 300 yards, the targets to be preceded by 
sighting shots, and muzzle rest to be permitted. When practicable, the expert 
making the test will be of another organization than the one to which the 
rifles belong. Before being tested the rifles will be thoroughly cleaned and 
all metal fouling removed from the bore. The best ammunition available will 
be issued for testing the rifles, and ammunition of different dates of manu- 
facture should not be used in making targets for a single rifle. If the aver- 
age mean radius of the three targets is over 6.5 inches, the rifles will be con- 
sidered unserviceable and will be surveyed. The report of the bonrd of survey 
will describe the condition of the rifle, recount the tests that have been ap- 
plied, and fix the responsibility, if any. Rifles surveyed and condemned as 
unserviceable will be shipped to the Marine Corps Depot of Supplies at Phila- 
delphia or San Francisco, as may be directed by the Quartermaster, for 
further examination and replacement of worn parts. 

{b) Ammunition for test. — Ammunition of recent manufacture should be used 
for the purpose of conducting test firing. If ammunition satisfactory for 
this purpose is not on hand, test firing of rifles should be deferred until such 
ammunition is received. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(7) Inspection and cleaning. — It can be stated as a maxim that more rifles 
have been ruined due to neglect in inspection and cleaning than have been 
worn out by firing. It is a fact proven by many tests that the accurate life 
of the rifle barrel is over 0,000 rounds if kept clean. (O, M. G. M. 1.) 



(5-24) 



OPERATIONS AND TRAINING 5-51 

(8) Bore kept oiled. — Bores of rifles will be habitually kepi coated with a thin 
coating of light oil. One of the purposes of inspection of arms should be to 
see that the barrel is so oiled. The practice of requiring the men to turn 
out for inspection of arms with the bore of the rifle wiped dry is contrary to 
this regulation and is one of the most fruitful causes of rifle-barrel deteriora- 
tion. If the bore is clean and free from rust or dirt and coated with a film of 
light oil the bona will appear bright and clean. On rare occasions where the 
commanding officer deems it necessary to inspect the men's rifles with the bore 
dry he should proyide sufficient time for the men to oil the bore after the 
inspection is over, and take particular care to see that the pieces are so oiled 
by the men immediately thereafter. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(9) Cleaning under different conditions. — Cleaning of rifles and pistols is made 
under two different conditions. The usual cleaning is made in barracks from 
day to day when the piece has not been fired, and the only object in this 
cleaning is to guard against rust due to tbe moisture from the atmosphere. 
Tim other condition under which cleaning is done is after tbe piece has been 
i ; re-i. In this latter case the first necessity is to remove from the bore potas- 
sium chloride, which is a residue left in the bore from the burned inunier and 
is a very active agent of corrosion when it is exposed to moisture. This cor- 
rosive agent can best be removed by dissolving it in a water and sal soda 
solution. The proper method of doing this is covered in detail in paragraph 
85, T. R., 320-10. The use of emery paper or any polishing or abrasive material 
in cleaning the rifle is forbidden. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(10) Powder solvent. — The Quartermaster's Department issues a powder solvent 
that is intended for use on target ranges as a means, not of removing potas- 
sium chloride, but of temporarily neutralizing its harmful effect. It has been 
adopted by the Marine Corps for this purpose because it is more convenient 
than the water cleaning and does not require as much c.ose supervision. It 
should only be used in day-to-day cleaning while firing on the range and 
should never be used as a means of removing the potassium chloride when 
firing has been concluded. The water method properly supervised, is the only 
sure means of removing completely this corrosive agent. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 






(5-25) 



5-51 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

(11) Method of using so/vent— The following is the correct method of cleaning 
with the powder solvent : 

(a) The ritle should be cleaned upon completion of firing and if possible 
while the barrel is still warm. 

(&) Run a wire brush saturated in the powder solvent through the barrel 
back and forth three times. 

(c) Run a patch saturated in the powder solvent through ten times. 

(rf) Repeat (c) with another saturated patch. 

(e) Wipe out the barrel with a clean dry patch. 

(f) Inspect the barrel for any sign of metal fouling. 

(g) If apparently clean and not metal fouled, run one clean patch saturated 
with the powder solvent through the barrel and place rifle away for the day. 

(70 The following morning before firing run a clean dry patch through the 
barrel several times to wipe out the powder solvent. 

(I) If brass nrushes are not available, at least three saturated patches should 
be run through the barrel fifteen times each. Without the brass brush the 
first patch, unless very small, will go through the barrel with some difficulty. 
(0. M. G. M. 1.) 

(12) .22-caliber rifle and pistol. — The cleaning methods described in the pre- 
ceding paragraph for the service rifle are also applicable to the .22-caliber rifle 
and pistol. (G. M. C. M. 1.) 

Rifles to be Used in Firing Rifle Grenades 

5-56 

(1) The rifles to be used in firing rifle grenades will be — 

(a) Rifles of Springfield Armory manufacture bearing serial numbers greater 
than 800,000; or 

(&) Rifles manufactured at Rock Island Arsenal bearing serial numbers 
greater than 285,507. (C. M. C. M. 1 and 3.) 

(2) Rifles of Springfield Armory manufacture bearing serial numbers less 
than 800,000 and rifles manufactured at Rock Island Arsenal bearing serial 
numbers less than 285,507 will under no circumstances be used in firing rifle 
grenades. (C. M. C. M. 1 and 3.) 

5-61 

Front sight covers will not be removed from rifles except for purposes of 
repairs or replacements. (C. M. G. M. 2.) 



(5-26) 



CHAPTER 6 



PROMOTION AND REDUCTION 



Section 1.— OFFICERS 

Examination for Promotion 

6-1 

(1) Procedure. — Hoards for the examination of officers of the Marine Corps 
for promotion shall be governed by the procedure laid down in Naval Courts 
and Boards, latest edition. 

(2) Publications used. — The board will base its questions on the latest edition 
of the following-named publica'.ions, except as noted under section 1338, Naval 
Courts and Boards, 1923 : 

Navy Regulations. 

Navy Department General Orders. 

Marine Corps Manual. 

Marine Corps Orders and Circular Letters. 

Naval Ordnance, United States Naval Academy. 

Naval Courts and Boards. 

Elements of International Law — Davis. 

Field Service Regulations, United S ates Army. 

The Boat Book, United States Navy. 

Landing Force Manual, United States Navy. 

Rules of Land Warfare. 

Training Regulations, War Department. (C. M. C. If. 3.) 

(3) The scope of professional examinations shall be as follows: 

(4) For officers of the Quartermaster's Department — 

(a) Administration of the Quartermaser's Department. 
(&) General efficiency. 

(5) For officers of the Paymaster's Department — 

(a) Administration of the Paymaster's Department. 
(6) General efficiency. 



(0-1) 



6-1 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

(6) For officers of the fine — 

(A) For promotion of second lieutenant to first lieutenant — 

(a) Administration : The candidate's familiarity wiih current 
publications on administration shall be tested by a written 
examination in which the correctness of the answers and 
the time consumed hi completing the examination shall he 
the two principal factors in determining the mark. During 
such examination the candidate shall have full access to 
necessary current publications, in order that he may use 
them for reference, 
(o) Interior guard duty: War Department Training Regulations 

No. 135-15. 
(c) First aid and hygiene: War Department Training Regula- 
tions Nos. 112-5 and 113-5. 
(<!) Drill: 

War Department Training Regulations— 
NO. 50-15. instruction without arms. 

50-20. Instruction with rifle ami automatic rifle. 
50-25. Instruction with bayonet. 
420-40. Drill and combat signals. 
420-45. Drill — General introduction. 
420-50. Drill, rifle squad, platoon, and company. 
420-S5. Extended order, rifle squad, section, and 
platoon. 
Practical.— -The candidate will be required to demon- 
strate his ability to instruct the individual marine and to 
instruct and drill the platoon or company in close order. 

(e) Marksmanship: War Department Training Regulations Nos. 

150-5, 150-10, and 150-20. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(f) Musketry: War Department Training Regulations No. 145-5, 

Musketry. 
{(j) Military field engineering: War Department Training Regu- 
lations No. 195-20. Fortifications — Standard Types and 
Execution of Field Fortifications, (C. M. C. M. 3.) 
( h ) Naval and military law : 

Naval Courts and Boards, latest edition. 
Sections 1 to 217. 
Sections 315 to 720. 
Constitution of the United States of America. 
(0 Tactics: 

War Department Training Regulations- 
No. 200- 5. Scouting and patrolling. 

420-100. Development of offensive combat. 
420-105. Combat principles— Rifle squad. 
420-110. Combat principles— Rifle section. 
420-115. Combat principles — Rifle platoon. 
420-120. Combat principles— Rifle company. 

(&-2) 



PROMOTION AND REDUCTION (j— 1 

(6) For officers of the line — Continued. 

(A) For promotion of second lieutenant to first lieutenant— Continued. 

(t) Tactics — Continued. 

War Department Training Regulations — Continued. 

Practical. — If a squad, section, platoon, or company, and 
suitable terrain in the vicinity are available, the candidate 
shall give a practical demonstration of his knowledge of 
scouting and patrolling and combat principles. If tbis is not 
practicable, the board shall so state, with reasons therefor, 
in its record of proceedings. In this case, the board shall 
give the candidate a map problem involving offensive com- 
bat and the command of a force not larger than a company. 
The problem and solution shall be appended to the record. 
(;) Boats: The Boat Book, United States Navy, 18207 Chapters I, 

II, III, IV, and V. 
(71?) Military topography: 

War Department Training Regulations — 
No. 190- 5. Map reading. 

190-10. Conventional signs. 
190-15. Military sketching. 
Peactical. — A position or road sketch. The board will 
assign an area or road to be sketched and establish a time 
limit. Upon completion of the field work, the candidate will 
deliver his sketch to the officer in charge of the examination 
room. 
(I) General efficiency. 

(B) For promotion of first lieutenant to captain — 

( a ) Administration : Same as for second lieutenant. 

(b) First aid and hygiene: Same as for the examination of a 

second lieutenant. 

(c) Drill: 

War Department Training Regulations — 
No. 50-15. Instruction without arms. 

50-20. Instruction with rifle and automatic rifle. 
50-25. Instruction with bayonet. 
-120-40. Drill and combat signals. 
420-45. Drill — General introduction. 
420-50. Drill, rifle squad, platoon, and company. 
420-30. Drill, the Infantry battalion. 
Practical. — The candidate will be required to demon- 
strate his ability to instruct the individual marine and to 
instruct and drill a company or battalion in close order. 

(d) Marksmanship: Same as for examination of a second lieu- 

tenant. 

(e) Musketry: Same as for examination of a second lieutenant. 

(6-3) 



©=-1 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

(6) For officers of the line — Continued. 

(B) For promotion of first lieutenant to captain — Continued. 

(f) Military field engineering: Same as for examination of a 

second lieutenant. 

(g) Naval and military law: Same as for examination of a 

second lieutenant, and with the addition of " Rules of land 
warfare." 
(h) Tactics: 

War Department Training Regulations — 

No. 420-100. Development of offensive combat. 
420-105. Combat principles — Rifle squad. 
420-110. Combat principles — Rifle section. 
420-115. Combat principles — Rifle platoon. 
420-120. Combat principles — Rifle company. 
420-160. Combat principles — The Infantry battalion. 
Practical. — If a company or battalion and suitable ter- 
rain in the vicinity are available, the candidate shall give 
a practical demonstration of his knowledge of combat prin- 
ciples. If this is not practicable, the board shall so state, 
with the reasons therefor, in its record of proceedings. In 
this case, the board shall give the candidate, for solution, a 
map problem involving offensive combat and the command 
of a force not larger than an infantry battalion. The prob- 
lem and the solution shall be appended to the record. 
(») Military topography: Same as for examination of a second 

lieutenant. 
(;) Naval ordnance: Naval Ordnance, United States Naval Acad- 
emy, 192^ edition, articles ~&7-54r fe0r-14a-4?5; 35#-STO, 
407 ' 5 , 506-559 (omitting turret-gun sights), 560-579 
(omitting turret firing circuits and gas-expelling devices 
for turret guns), 617-722, and £1?-$10. $1% '%!(a* 
(k) General efficiency. 

(C) For promotion from captain to major — 

(a) Law: 

International Law — Davis. (Omit Chapters V, VI, and VIII 

and appendices.) 
Rules of land warfare. 
(&) Musketry: War Department Training Regulations No. 145-5, 

Musketry, 
(c) Tactics: 

War Department Training Regulations — 

No. 10- 5. Doctrines, principles, and methods. 
420-100. Development of offensive combat. 
420-120. Combat principles — Rifle company. 
420-125. Combat principles — Machine-gun company. 
420-155. Combat principles — Howitzer company. 
(6-4) 



PROMOTION AND REDUCTION 6^2 

(6) For officers of the line — Continued. 

(C) For promotion from captain to major — Continued. 

(c) Tactics — Continued. 

War Department Training Regulations — Continued 

420-160. Combat principles — Infantry battalion. 
420-170. Combat principles — Infantry regiment. 
420-180. Combat principles — Service company, In- 
fantry regiment. 
Pbactical. — The candidate will be required to solve a 
map problem involving combat where the force at his dis- 
posal shall not be greater than a regiment of Infantry, 
plus a proportionate addition of other arms. The problem 
will be such as to require an estimate of the situation, 
preparation of the necessary orders, and a tracing showing 
disposition of troops at a certain phase in the situation as 
determined by the board and announced to the candidate. 
The problem and solution shall be appended to the report. 

(d) Administration: The candidate's familiarity with current 

publications on administration will be tested in a manner 
similar to that prescribed for the examination of a second 
lieutenant. 

(e) Equitation: War Department Training Regulations No. 50-45, 

Instruction Mounted, without Arms. 

(f) General efficiency. 

(D) For promotion to lieutenant colonel and colonel — 

The act of June 3, 1916, 39 Stat. 183, provides that " examina- 
tions of officers in the grade of major and lieutenant colonel shall 
be confined to problems involving the higher functions of staff 
duties and command." 

A candidate shall be required to solve a map problem in- 
volving the higher functions of staff duties and command. The 
problem and the solution shall be appended to the report. 

Exemption's 

6-2 

(1) Service schools. — When a candidate for promotion has attended and com* 
pie ted a regular course at any Army, Navy, or Marine Corps school or college 
for commissioned officers, except the basic course and post schools, his certificate 
of graduation therefrom will be accepted in lieu of examination in the subjects 
in which graduated, upon examination for the promotion next after the date of 
graduation, except that a certificate of graduation from a course for company 
officers will not be so accepted upon examination for promotion to field rank, 
and that there will be no exemption as to mental, moral, or physical qualifica- 
tions, or of practical drills, and exercises involving actual command of troops. 

(6-5) 






6-2 



MARINE COKPS MANUAL 



(2) Diplomas from schools and colleges. — The marine examining board, Head- 
quarters Marine Corps, will, upon application, consider a diploma or certifi- 
cate received by an ofiicer from any school, college, or university for pro- 
ficiency in any professional subject or subjects required for his examination 
for promotion to the next higher grade or rank, and if satisfied that the 
diploma or certificate is evidence of qualification in such subject or subjects 
equivalent to that of passing the usual examination, will issue a certificate of 
qualification, which will be accepted upon his next examination for promotion 
in lieu of professional examination in such subject or subjects. 

Probationary Officers 

6-3 

(1) The competitive examination provided by the act of August 29, 1916, for 
officers at the end of their probationary period, will be conducted by the marine 
examining board, Headquarters Marine Corps. 

(2) The examination will be written, and will include all subjects required for 
written examination for promotion to first lieutenant. The questions will be 
prepared by the examining board, and will be answered by the competitors in 
the presence of supervising officers, at the place of duty. 

(3) The complete records of candidates, with all papers pertaining thereto, will 
be submitted to the board for consideration in connection with marks to be 
assigned under subject " General efficiency." 

(4) The weights assigned to each subject in determining the final mark on 
which relative standing is based, will be as follows: 



Administration 3 

Drill Regulations 3 

First aid and hygiene 1 

Interior guard duty . 1 

Musketry .__ 2 

Military field engineering-., 1 



Military topography 3 

Naval and military law 3 

Tactics 5 

General efficiency 10 

Boats 










Markmanship 2 



(5) The board will issue a certificate to each probationary officer examined, 
stating the mark attained in each subject, which will be accepted upon 4he nca-t 
examination for promotion; in Tieu of professional examination in subjects, 
except general efficiency, in which the mark is 2.5 or over. 



Examining Boards 

6-4 

(1) Supervisory examining boards will be appointed by the Major General 
Commandant, or by his authority, and supervising officers for examinations will 
be designated by the commanding officer upon request by a marine examining 
board. The following rules will govern: 

(2) The candidate will be furnished only such number of questions or be 
required to conduct such practical exercises as he may be able to answer or 

(6-6) 



PROMOTION AND REDUCTION 6-21 

complete before a recess or adjournment is taken. Examinations shall continue 
from day to day, Sundays and holidays excepted, until completed. 

(3) The candidate will be required to submit, at the completion of the 
examination, a certificate in the form prescribed by Naval Courts and Boards 
for examination of marine officers that he has received no unauthorized 
assistance. 

(4) All papers will be forwarded by the supervisory board or supervising 
officer, direct to the marine examining board having cognizance, as soon after 
the completion of the examination as may be practicable. 

(5) Supervisory boards and supervising officers will be further governed 
by the instructions of the marine examining board having cognizance. 

(6) Examination questions, preparation of. — The marine examining board, 
Headquarters, Washington, D. C, will, in order to make the examination of 
officers of the several grades and ranks uniform, prepare examination questions 
as guides for other marine examining boards which may be ordered. 

Section 2.— ENLISTED MEN 

Appointment to the Naval Academy 

6-21 

(C. M. C. M. 6) 

(1) Congressional appointments. — When an enlisted man has received a con- 
gressional appointment as principal to the Naval Academy or to the Military 
Academy, or has an approved application by the Commandant of the Coast 
Guard for an examination for appointment as a cadet in the Coast Guard, 
he may apply to the Major General Commandant for a furlough in order to 
prepare for the entrance examinations at his own expense, or he may apply 
for assignment to the Naval Academy Preparatory School at Hampton 
Roads, Va. 

(2) Eligibility. — Enlisted men of the Marine Corps are eligible to take the 
entrance examinations for admission to the Naval Academy if they meet the 
requirements outlined in article D-6102, Bureau of Navigation Manual. The 
following instructions, contained in articles D-6102 to D-6106, Bureau of Nav- 
igation Manual, govern the assignment of enlisted men of the Marine Corps 
to the Naval Academy Preparatory School at Hampton Roads: 

" D-6102. Appointment of enlisted men to Naval Academy— Entrance require- 
ments. — (1) The law authorizes the appointment to the Naval Academy each 
year of one hundred (100) midshipmen, to be selected as the result of a 
competitive examination given enlisted men of the Navy and Marine 
Corps * * *. 



(6-7) 



6-21 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

"(2) In order to take the entrance examination to the Naval Academy a man 
must have the following qualifications : 
" (a) Be of officer caliber. 
" (6) Be a citizen of the United States. 
" (c) Have enlisted in the Navy or Marine Corps on or before June 1 of 

the year preceding that in which the examination is held. 
" (d) Be not less than 16 nor more than 20 years of age on April 1 of 

the year in which the examination is held. 
"(e) Have had two years in high school or an equivalent education 
and have passed successfully at least two half years of algebra 
and one half year of geometry. 
" (f) Be able to pass the required physical examination. 
" D-6103. Selection of applicants and preliminary examinations. — (1) The 
bureau desires that as many enlisted men as possible under the law and the 
required standards be selected for appointment to the Naval Academy. Com- 
manding officers of all ships and stations will ascertain the names of all 
enlisted men in their commands who are eligible to take the entrance exami- 
nations to the Naval Academy in accordance with the requirements outlined 
in D-6102 and take the necessary steps to see that no eligible candidate is 
overlooked. 

"(2) A preliminary mental and physical examination shall be held by 
officers from the candidates' own ship or station. The Bureau of Navigation 
will supply the questions for the mental examination, which will be held on 
or about September 1 of each year. Prior to that date commandants and 
commanding officers shall — 

" (a) Make a survey of all men enlisted prior to June 1 of the current 
year and who will be not more than 20 years of age on April 1 
following. 
" (b) Give full information to the enlisted men coming within the limits 
of (a) concerning the requirements for entrance to the Naval 
Academy. 
(The requirement of a deposit of $100 should be known by each 
candidate. This is held out of the pay of candidates while at the 
Naval Academy Preparatory School.) 
"(c) Disseminate to these men information about the Naval Academy. 
"(d) Explain to them individually the advantages of entering the Naval 

Academy. 
"(e) Describe the amount and character of preparation required. 
"(3) A short time after the information in paragraph 2 has been dissemi- 
nated an informal board shall be convened at each station and aboard each 
ship to examine men on the above list and select therefrom applicants who 
may be officer material. Where possible, this board shall consist of two line 
officers of or above the grade of lieutenant. The board shall interview the 
division officers, petty officers, and others under whom the applicant has 
served; shall personally interview each applicant concerning his education, 

(6-8) 



PROMOTION AND REDUCTION 6-21 

his desire to become an officer, and any other matter which affects his character 
and qualifications for the Naval Academy ; shall examine the enlistment record 
of each applicant; and shall recommend to the commanding officer the men 
selected. Only men who have excellent records and who are believed to be 
officer material shall be nominated. Provision should be made to carry out 
the same procedure in the case of men received after the above survey and 
prior to the preliminary examination on September 1. 

"(4) In recent years the midshipmen appointed from the enlisted force have 
constituted about 15 per cent of each entering class. They form a group large 
enough to influence the quality of the class as a whole. They constitute the 
only group the selection of which is controlled by the service to which they 
aspire. The bureau considers the careful selection of these candidates a matter 
of the most lasting and definite importance, and directs that commanding officers 
shall personally interview candidates to insure that none who are obviously 
unsuited to become officers shall be selected for preliminary training. 

"(5) The bureau has made provision for the physical examination of the 
candidates and for mental examination by which to judge their ability to 
prepare successfully for the entrance examination. This, however, while a 
necessary part, is not the most important part of the selection. For the moral 
and temperamental examination the bureau must rely upon commanding officers. 
Accordingly, the bureau requests that, in their investigation of candidates, 
commanding officers inquire into their general reputation, examine their service 
records, and observe their appearance, with a view to the elimination at the 
start of those who are unsuitable. 

"(6) Among the things that may assist commanding officers in arriving at 
their conclusions are the following: 

"1. Habits as to (a) personal cleanliness; (b) profanity, obscenity; 

(c) truthfulness. 
"2. Reports indicating (a) shirking or irresponsibility; (b) dishonesty; 

(c) immorality; (d) intemperance. 
"3. General bearing and deportment. 

"(7) In this connnection experience has shown that, of those candidates 
whose general classification test mark as given in their service records is below 
80, a very small percentage succeed in passing the entrance examination to 
the Naval Academy. While this mark should be used with caution, those 
falling below it should be nominated only if their qualifications educationally 
and otherwise are notably good. 

"(8) Commanding officers shall make suitable provision for assisting nomi- 
nees to review the subjects in which they will be examined and to make up 
work which they have not had. Officers detailed to this duty will be guided 
by the requirements of this section. 

"(9) The physical requirements for entrance to the Naval Academy are more 
rigid than are the physical requirements for enlistment in the Navy. Each 
candidate should be given a special physical examination before his selection for 
the preliminary class for the Naval Academy. This examination should be in 

(6-8a) 



6-21 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

all respects the same as for final entrance to the Naval Academy. The results 
of this examination should be reported to the Bureau of Medicine and Surgery 
on Bureau of Medicine Form Y. Obviously, it is a waste of time to give special 
instruction to a man who later will fail to meet physical requirements. 

"(10) Immediately prior to the preliminary mental examination held cm 
September 1 each candidate shall be again examined by a board of two medical 
officers. Where two medical officers are not available, one medical officer may 
conduct the examination. Results of this examination shall be entered in each 
man's medical record. Men who fail to pass this physical examination shall 
not be allowed to take the mental examination on September 1. 

" D-6104. Selection of enlisted men for instruction preliminary to entrance 
examination. — (1) The Bureau of Navigation will forward each year, in time 
to arrive at all ships and stations prior to September 1, a sufficient number 
of copies of a preliminary examination for use in selecting men for the Naval 
Academy preparatory classes. Commanding officers will arrange to have 
all men who apply and are qualified in accordance with article D-6103 take 
the preliminary examination on September 1 or such other date as may be 
designated by the bureau. 

"(2) Commanding officers will appoint a board to consist, if practicable, 
of three Naval Academy graduates. The board will grade the examination 
papers, using the scale of 4. 

"(3) In addition to making a passing mark on the preliminary examination, 
a man in order to be eligible for selection must : 

"(a) Meet requirements of article D-6102, Bureau of Navigation Manual. 
"(&) Be willing to have a part of his pay withheld so as to have the 

required $100 for entrance expenses, if successful. 
"(c) Be recommended for entrance to the Naval Academy by his com- 
manding officer. 

"(4) Report of examination, mental and physical, shall be made to the 
Bureau of Navigation on Form N, Nav. 116, as soon as practicable. In addi- 
tion, the original examination papers of all men examined shall be forwarded 
to the bureau with Form N, Nav. 116. 

"(5) In addition to mailing this report, ships and stations outside the 
continental limits of the United States shall send the list of names by dis- 
patch, indicating the final average of each man examined. 

"(6) It should be noted that no minimum final average mark is assigned. 
The names of all men who meet the qualifications outlined, who have taken 
the examination, and have been assigned a mark should be included in this 
report. 

" D-6105. Transfers of men to Naval Academy Preparatory School. — (1) All men 
with a final average of at least 2.5 who have been recommended to take the 
entrance examination to the Naval Academy and who are attached to stations 
outside the continental limits of the United States or to ships that will not 
return to the United States prior to November 1 shall be transferred by next 

(6-8b) 



PROMOTION AND REDUCTION 6-21 

Government conveyance to the nearest receiving ship in the United States 
to await instructions from the bureau. 

"(2) Upon receipt of the lists of men recommended, the bureau will direct 
the necessary transfers to the preparatory school. 

" D-6106. Naval Academy Preparatory School. — (1) To provide for intensive 
instruction of enlisted men selected to take the competitive examination for 
appointment to the Naval Academy, the bureau maintains a special school 
at the naval training station, Hampton Roads, Va. 

"(2) The course of instruction begins on November 1 of each year and con- 
tinues until the date set for the beginning of the competitive examination. 
This instruction is such as to prepare the candidate for the entrance examina- 
tion as described in the 'Regulations governing the admission of candidates 
into the United States Naval Academy as midshipmen.' 

"(3) On completion of the final competitive examination the completed 
examination papers will be forwarded by the commanding oflicer of each 
training station to the Superintendent, United States Naval Academy, for 
marking. 

"(4) Men under instruction at these special schools will be kept under 
military discipline and required to observe the rules and regulations of the 
station, but all due consideration will be given to the purpose for which they 
are so assigned." 



<6-8c) 



PROMOTION AND REDUCTION 6~22 

"(2) Upon receipt of the lists of men recommended, the bureau will direct 
the necessary transfers to the two preparatory schools. 

"D-G10G. (1) To provide for intensive instruction of enlisted men selected 
t<* take the competitive examination for appointment to the Naval Academy, 
the hnreau maintains a special school at each of the naval training- stations, 
Hampton Roads, Va.j and San Diego, Calif. 

"(2) The course of instruction begins Novemher 1 of each year and con- 
tinues until the date set for the beginning of the competitive examination. 
This instruction is such as to prepare the candidate for the entrance examina- 
tion as described in the 'Regulations Governing the Admission of Candi- 
dates into the U. S. Naval Academy as midshipmen.' 

"(3) On completion of the final competitive examination, the completed 
examination papers will be forwarded by the commanding officer of each 
training station to the Superintendent, U. S. Naval Academy, for marking. 

"(4) Men under instruction at these special schools will be kept under 
military discipline, and recpiired to observe the rules and regulations of the 
station, but all due consideration will be given to the purpose for which they 
are so assigned." 

Noncommissioned Officers 

warrants 

6-22 

(1) C/asses. — Warrants are divided into two general classes — regular and 
technical. Regular warrants are either temporary or permanent. All tech- 
nical warrants are temporary. 

(2) All warrants shall be probationary for a period of six months, and while 
probationary are subject to revocation for cause by appointing powers. At the 
expiration of the probationary period of six months probationary warrants 
shall, whether regular or technical, either be revoked by the appointing power 
or forwarded to the Major General Commandant (or the departmental com- 
mander, in the Department of the Pacific) with recommendation for confirma- 
tion. Confirmed warrants shall be revoked only by sentence of court-martial 
or by the Major General Commandant or departmental commander. 

(3) Technical warrants will be issued for technical duties and will state the 
nature of such duties, as " technical warrant for duty as clerk," " technical war- 
rant for duty as plumber," " technical warrant for aviation duty," etc. They 
will contain no notation regarding duty with a specified organization. An entry 
to show the nature of the duty for which appointed shall be made on page 24 
of the service-record book, in the column headed " Kind of warrant," in each 
case of appointment for technical duty. A similar entry shall be made in a 
man's service-record book when he reenlists and is reappointed to the technical 
rank he held when discharged. ( C. M. C. M. 1. ) 

(4) Revocation of probationary warrants. — Upon the cessation of the detail for 
the duty for which issued, probationary warrants, whether regular or technical, 
will be revoked by the appointing power, and confirmed temporary warrants will 

(6-9) 



6-22 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

be referred to the Major General Commandant or to the departmental com- 
mander for instructions, except that in case of transfer a temporary warrant 
will continue to the new post of duty, where, if there be no vacancy for the non- 
commissioned officer in the capacity for which appointed, the commanding 
officer will revoke the warrant, if probationary, or refer it to the Major General 
( 'ommaiidant, or the departmental commander, if confirmed. 

(5) Transfer for discharge. — A noncommissioned officer transferred to the 
United States for discharge will retain and be discharged in his rank, regardless 
of the kind of warrant held, unless reduced for misconduct. 

(6) Sergeants major receive probationary regular warrants, which upon con- 
firmation are permanent. 

(7) Quartermaster sergeants, paymaster sergeants, supply sergeants, sergeants, 
and corporals receive probationary regular warrants, which upon confirmation 
become permanent, or probationary technical warrants, which upon confirma- 
tion are temporary. 

(8) First sergeants receive probationary regular warrants, which upon con- 
firmation are temporary. 

(9) Master technical sergeants, gunnery sergeants, and staff sergeants receive 
probationary technical warrants, which upon confirmation are temporary. 

Examinations 

6-23 

(1) Examining board. — In all cases of promotion of privates or noncommis- 
sioned officers the commanding officer of marines shall convene a board to con- 
duct the prescribed examination, except where no examination is required. 

(2) Board for technical appointments. — Examining boards for candidates for 
technical appointments shall be composed as nearly as may be practicable of a 
field officer of the regiment or other organization, and of two officers of the 
company or detachment in which the appointment is to be made. The exami- 
nation shall consist of such technical subjects as will demonstrate the candi- 
dates fitness for the duties to be required of them. 

(3) Except where otherwise specified herein all promotions will preferably be 
made from the next lower rank and due consideration will be given to seniority. 
In all promotions, including that to private first class, commanding officers 
will give serious consideration to character, with particular reference to 
leadership, record, personal appearance, and military bearing. 

(4) Prior to promotion in any particular rank candidates shall satisfactorily 
pass an examination in all subjects prescribed for that rank. 

(5) Corporals. — Privatesyor privates first class who are candidates for promo- 
tion to the rank of corporal (regular warrant) shall be examined in the following : 

Reading: Ability to read intelligently service publications, such as 
Training Regulations. 

Writing: Ability to compose and write a legible, brief, and intelligible 
report. 

Arithmetic : Addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, common frac- 
tions, and decimals. 

(6-10) 



PROMOTION AND REDUCTION 6-23 

War Department Training Regulations : 

No. 50-15. Instruction without arms. 

50-20. Instruction with rifle and automatic rifle. 

50-25. Sections I, II, and III — Instruction with bayonet. 

50-55. Instruction wiih pistol. 

112- 5. First aid. Outlines Off iirst aid for injured and ski:. 

113- 5. Hygiene — Principles of personal bygieno. 
135-15. Interior guard duty. 

150- 5. Marksmanship, rifle, individual. 

420-40. Sections I, II, III, V, and VIII— Drill and combat signals. 
420-45. Drill — General introduction. 

420-50. Sections I and II — Drill, rifle squad, and platoon. 
420-85. Extended order, rifle squad, section, and platoon. 
420-105. Combat principles — Rifle squad. 
(0) Sergeants. — Corporals who are candidates for promotion to {lie rank of 
sorgeant (regular warrant) shall be examined in all subjects prescribed in (be 
examination preliminary to promotion to the rank of corporal ; in tbe regula- 
tions governing the accountability and the administration of small detach - 
ments, particularly with reference to tbe preparation of blank forms, muster 
rolls, and pay rolls; and in the subject matter of the following War Depart- 
ment Training Regulations: 

No. 150-10. Marksmanship — Rifle — General. 
150-30. Marksmanship^ — Automatic rifle. 
190- 5. Map reading. 
190-10. Conventional signs. 
200- 5. Scouting and patrolling, dismounted. 
420-110. Combat principles — Rifle section. 
420-115. Combat principles— Rifle platoon. 

(7) Quartermaster sergeants, paymaster sergeants, and supply sergeants. — Candi- 
dates for appointment to the grade of quartermaster sergeant, paymaster 
sergeant, or supply sergeant (regular warrant) shall be examined in arithmetic, 
composition of official letters, spelling, and typewriting. In addition, they shall 
be examined in accountability and administration of the staff department 
(adjutant and inspector's, quartermaster's, or paymaster's) to which they are 
candidates for appointment for duty, and in tbe use and preparation of blank 
forms pertaining to that department. 

(8) Noncommissioned officers promotion board. — A noncommissioned officers 
promotion board will meet semiannually in January and July, or as often 
as may be directed by the Major General Commandant, for the purpose of pre- 
paring rosters for promotion to the grades of sergeant major, first sergeant, 
gunnery sergeant, and staff sergeant, from names recommended by officers 
throughout the service. Promotions will be made from these rosters as far as 
practicable. (C. M. C. M. 3.) 



(&-11) 



g-23 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

(9) A man whose name is on one of the promotion rosters and who has not 
been promoted prior to the approval of the next roster will be reconsidered by 
the board, together with the new names received, when a new roster is pre- 
pared. Everything else being equal, the candidate who has the best record, and 
the longest and most varied service, will be given preference for promotion 
to the grade under consideration. (0. M. C. M. 3.) 

(10) Sergeants major will be appointed habitually from first sergeants or gun- 
nery sergeants, and appointments may be made without examination. An appli- 
cant should have long and varied service, an excellent record, mature age, and 
have the demonstrated ability to perform the military and clerical duties re- 
quired of a sergeant major. The applicant should have the personal ability to 
command, and the bearing and other soldierly qualities that go to make him the 
outstanding marine in the organization to which attached. (C. M. C. M. 3.) 

(1.1) First sergeants will be selected habitually from the list of gunnery ser- 
geants or sergeants, and may be appointed Without examination. Leadership 
should be the outstanding characteristic of a first sergeant. He should be in 
fact as well as in name the first sergeant, capable of maintaining discipline, 
conducting drills and instructions, and handling the organization cither in 
barracks or in the field. His clerical qualifications and duties should be given 
weight and importance, but placed secondary to the qualification of leader- 
ship. Records of candidates for this grade should clearly indicate the above 
qualifications. (C. M. C. M. 3.) 

(12) Qualifications for gunnery sergeants. — A gunnery sergeant must have 
qualifications in one or more of the following technical subjects : 

(a) Aviation. 

(&) Communications. 

(c) Engineer and post maintenance. 

(d) Motor transportation. 

(e) Ordance (covering qualifications in either infantry weapons, Marine 

Corps artillery, or naval ordnance). 
In recommending a candidate the officer should clearly state in detail the 
experience and proficiency of the man in the technical subject for which he is 
being recommended. (C. M. C. M. 3.) 

(13) Gunnery sergeants shall not be detailed as clerks, orderlies, or chauffeurs, 
or for duty connected with messes, commissaries, post exchanges, guards, or 
police. (C. M. C. M. 3.) 

(14) Staff sergeants (clerical). — The board will give preference to candidates 
who are competent stenographers. Favorable consideration will be given, how- 
ever, to typists who have had sufficient clerical experience to qualify them for 
general clerical work in the Marine Corps. (C. M. C. M. 3.) 

(15) Staff sergeants (mechanical).— Only artisans will be considered for this 
grade. The candidate's recommendation must show bis experience and profi- 
' iency in some trade or specialty useful to the Marine Corps. In general, these 
t rades and specialties are : 



(1>-12) 



PROMOTION AND EEDXJCTiON 6-24 

Aviation. Construction overseer. 

Motor transport. Carpenter. 

Radio. Laundry. 

Depot of supplies. Upholsterer. 

Recruiting bureau. Post maintenance. 

Machinist. Plumber. 

Bricklayer. Power-plant engineer. 
Ice-plant engineer. 

(C. M. C. M. 3.) 

(16) Schools. — School will habitually be held in each post or organization for 
the proper training of privates and privates first class recommended for pro- 
motion and of noncommissioned officers. The course should be such as to fit the 
men to pass the required examination for the next higher rank. 

(17) A reenlisted marine who at the time of his discharge from the Marine 
Corps was a noncommissioned officer may be warranted by the Major General 
Commandant in the noncommissioned rank he held at the time of his discharge 
without examination. 

(IS) Recommendations. — Prior to recommending a noncommissioned officer for 
advancement to the rank of sergeant major, first sergeant, gunnery sergeant, or 
staff sergeant, for consideration of the noncommissioned officers' promotion 
board, an officer will take such steps as may be necessary, by examination if 
practicable, to determine whether the man concerned is qualified for promotion, 
and whether he desires promotion to the rank for which he is being recom- 
mended. (C. M. C. M. 5.) 

6-24 

(1) Complements of noncommissioned officers for posts and organizations will 
be determined and announced by the Major General Commandant. 

(2) Appointments of noncommissioned officers to grades higher than sergeant 
will be made only by special authorization of the Major General Commandant. 

(3) Appointments of sergeants and corporals may be made by the officers 
enumerated in article 6-25, in any organization where such appointments will 
not result in the number of sergeants and corporals exceeding the authorized 
complement of that organization or exceeding 1 sergeant for every 12 privates 
and privates first class or 1 corporal for every 6 privates and privates first 
class, except by special authorization of the Major General Commandant. 

(4) Commanding officers of organizations authorized to appoint noncom- 
missioned officers will not in any month make a greater number of appoint- 
ments to any grade than there are vacancies in that grade on the last day of 
the preceding month, the number of vacancies in any grade at any time to 
be computed as the difference between the number of noncommissioned officers 
of that grade attached to the organization and the number to which the 
organization is entitled under the provisions of the foregoing paragraph. 

(5) When advance notice shall have been received by any commanding officer 
of the transfer of noncommissioned officers to his post or organization, these 
noncommissioned officers will be considered as already attached to the post or 
organization for the purpose of computing vacancies. 

(6-12a) 



6-24 MARINE CORPS MANtJAL 

(6) Headquarters should be immediately notified if in any case the above 
provisions should deprive an organization of a suitable number of sergeants 
and corporals. 

(7) The commanding officer of a post, brigade, expeditionary force, or other 
organization, which contains more than one unit, whose commanding officers 
are authorized to appoint noncommissioned officers, will so control appoint- 
ments that none will be made in subordinate units unless the post or organiza- 
tion as a whole has a vacancy in the grade to which appointment in the subordi- 
nate unit is desired. (C. M. C. M. 2.) 



(6-12b) 



PROMOTION AND REDUCTION 6~27 

(7) Commanding officers of posts which contain more than one unit where 
commanding officers are authorized to appoint noncommissioned officers, or 
of brigades or expeditionary forces, will not transfer noncommissoned officers 
from one unit whose commanding officer is authorized to make appointments 
to another such unit within their commands when such transfer will result in 
creating vacancies in the complement of the unit from which the transfer is 
made. 

6-25 

(1) The following are authorized to make probationary appointments of 
noncommissioned officers in accordance with article 6-24 : 

(a) Commanding General, Department of the Pacific. 
(&) Commanding officers of expeditionary forces among troops belonging 
to their headquarters. 

(c) Brigade commanders among the troops belonging to their head- 

quarters. 

(d) Commanding officers of regularly organized regiments, separate bat- 

talions, and aviation squadrons. 

(e) Marine officers commanding separate marine organizations on armed 

transports of the Navy. 

(f) Commanding officers of vessels of the Navy having marine detach- 

ments as part of the ship's complement. 

(g) Commanding officers of posts and separate detachments on shore 

within and without the United States, except posts which are sub- 
ordinate to commanding officers of regularly organized regiments, 
separate battalions, or aviation squadrons. 
(h) The Director, Marine Corps Institute. 

Note. — The authority given to commanding officers of various organizations 
in paragraphs (6) and (d) will be exercised by them when the organizations 
are on vessels of the Navy as well as on shore. 

6-26 

Transfers. — Except in cases of emergency, a noncommissioned officer will not 
be transferred away from his post or station during his probationary period. 

6-27 

Warrants of those recommended for commissions. — When noncommissioned 
officers who are recommended for commissions are sent for training to a se- 
lected post they will be transferred to such post, but their absence will not be 
considered as creating vacancies in their respective grades and no promotions 
will be made to fill the vacancies of such men at the post from which trans- 
ferred pending the result of the examination for commission. 

(6-13) 



6-28 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

6-28 

Reductions will be effected by letter addressed to the noncommissioned officer, 
to be attached to his warrant, giving date and reason for reduction. 

6-29 

Desertion. — Should a noncommissioned officer or private, first class, be declared 
a deserter, his position shall be considered as vacated from the date of his 
unauthorized absence, and if he be subsequently returned to the service he shall 
be taken up as a private. 

. 

(1) Discharge. — Commanding officers of marines, upon delivery of discharge 
certificates of noncommissiond officers or privates, first class, shall always in- 
dorse thereon, under " Recommendations," a statement as to whether or not the 
man is recommended for reappointment to his former grade should he reenlist. 

(2) Noncommissioned officers so reappointed will immediately assume the 
rank, insignia, and duties, and will be entitled to the pay of their respective 
grades, from the date of such reappointment. 

(3) An enlisted man shall not be advanced in rank for the purpose of dis- 
charge. However, when a man is on duty at a staff office, or upon recruiting 
or other duty, and was reduced in rank upon transfer to such duty with the 
understanding that he would be reappointed upon return to general service 
duty, he may, upon discharge, be reappointed to the rank not above that of 
sergeant from which he was so reduced, or appointed sergeant if he was reduced 
from a higher rank. 

6-31 



(1) Reenlistment. — Upon the reenlistment of noncommissioned officers and 
privates first class, reappointment and appointment by enlisting officers will 
be governed by the following provisions: 

(2) Reappointments and appointments will be made by enlisting officers 
only when the discharge was with character " Excellent," or with character 
" Very good " and recommendation appears on the discharge certificate for 
reappointment. When discharge was with character " Very good " and no 
recommendation for reappointment appears on the discharge certificate, the 
question of reappointment will be referred to the Major General Commandant. 

(3) Sergeants major, quartermaster sergeants, first sergeants, gunnery ser- 
geants, and staff sergeants will be reappointed to their grades if the reenlist- 
ment is on the day (Sundays and holidays excepted) after discharge and at 
the post or within the organization from which discharged. They will be 
appointed sergeants if they do not reenlist immediately at the post of duty, 
but do reenlist at any place within three months from date of discharge. 

(4) Sergeants and corporals holding confirmed warrants upon discharge, 
and privates first class, will be reappointed to their grades if they 
reenlist within three months from the date of discharge. Upon the 

(6-14) 



PROMOTION AND REDUCTION 6-28 

6-25 

(1) The following are authorized to make probationary appointments Of non- 
commissioned officers in accordance with article 0-24: 

(a) Commanding General, Department of the Pacific. 
{b) Commanding officers of expeditionary force's among troops belong- 
ing to their headquarters* 

(c) Brigade commanders among the troops belonging to their head- 

quarters. 

(d) Commanding officers of regularly organized regiments, separate bat- 

talions, and aviation squadrons. 

(e) Marine officers commanding separate marine organizations on armed 

transports of the Navy. 

(f) Commanding officers of vessels of the Navy having marine detach- 

ments as part of the ship's complement. 

(g) Commanding officers of posts and separate detachments on shore 

within and without the United States, except posts which are sub- 
ordinate to commanding officers of regularly organized regiments, 
separate battalions, or aviation squadrons. 
(h) The Director, Marine Corps Institute. 
Note. — The authority given to commanding officers of various organizations 
in paragraphs (6) and (d) will be exercised by them when the organizations 
are on vessels of the Navy as well as^on shore. 

6-26 

Transfers. — Except in cases of emergency, a noncommissioned officer will not 
be transferred away from his post or station during his probationary period. 

6-27 

Warrants of those recommended for commissions. — When noncommissioned 
officers who are recommended for commissions are sent for training to a selected 
post they will be transferred to such post, but their absence will not be consid- 
ered as creating vacancies in their respective grades and no promotions will be 
made to fill the vacancies of such men at the post from which transferred pend- 
ing the result of the examination for commission. 

6-28 

(1) When a recommendation is made for the reduction of a noncomm'ssioned 
officer for inefficiency, a statement of the man concerned, or his declaration 
that he has no statement to make, will be forwarded therewith. (C. M. C. 
M. 3.) 

(2) A reduction will be effected by letter addressed to the noncommissioned 
officer, to be attached to his warrant, giving date and reason for reduction. 

(&-13) 



6-29 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

6-29 

Desertion. — Should a noncommissioned officer or private, first-class, be declared 
a deserter, his position shall be considered as vacated from the date of his 
unauthorized absence, and if he be subsequently reiurned to the service he 
shall be taken up as a private. 

6-30 

(1) Discharge. — A commanding officer of marines, upon delivery of a discharge 
certificate of a noncommissioned officer or private first class, shall always in- 
dorse thereon, under " Recommendations," a statement as to whether or not the 
man is recommended for reappointment to his former grade should he reenlist. 

(2) A noncommissioned officer so reappointed will immediately assume the 
rank, insignia, and duties, and will be entitled to the pay of his grade, from 
the date of such reappointment. 

(3) An enlisted man shall not be advanced in rank for the purpose of dis- 
charge. However, when a man is on duty at a staff office, or upon recruiting 
or other duty, and was reduced in rank upon transfer to such duty with the 
understanding that he would be reappointed upon return to general duty, he 
may, upon discharge, be reappointed to the rank not above that of sergeant 
from which he was so reduced, or appointed sergeant if he was reduced from 
a higher rank. 

6-31 

(1) Reenlisiment. — Upon the reenlistment of noncommissioned officers and 
privates first class, reappointment and appointment by enlisting officers will 
be governed by the following provisions : 

(2) Reappointments and appointments will be made by enlisting officers 
only when the discharge was with character " Excellent," or with character 
" Very good " and recommendation appears on the discharge certificate for 
reappointment. When discharge was with character " Very good " and no 
recommendation for reappointment appears on the discharge certificate, the 
question of reappointment will be referred to the Major General Commandant. 

(3) Noncommissioned officers and privates first class will be reappointed in 
their respective ranks only if the reenlistment is on the day (Sundays and 
holidays excepted) after discharge and at the post or within the organization 
from which discharged. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(4) All reappointments and appointments in accordance with this article 
will be regular or technical, permanent, or temporary, and probationary or 
confirmed in accordance with the appointment held on discharge, and will 
be effected by letters from the enlisting officers to the men concerned, stating 
the facts and dates of reappointments or appointments, and the occasion 
therefor, e. g., " upon reenlistment." 

6-32 

A copy of each appointment, reappointment, or reduction shall, as made, 
be forwarded to the Major General Commandant, and, if within the Depart- 

(6-14) 






PROMOTION AND REDUCTION 6~33 

ment of the Pacific, an additional copy shall be forwarded to the departmental 
commander. 

Eligible List of Noncommissioned Officers fob Reserve Commissions 

6-33 

(1) A list will be kept at Headquarters of noncommissioned officers eligible 
for appointment as commissioned and warrant officers in the Reserve in case 
of war. Candidates for this list must fulfill the following conditions : 

(a) Must be citizens of the United States between the ages of 20 and 35. 
In special cases the age limit may be extended to 45. 

(&) Must be in the regular Marine Corps or in the Marine Corps Reserve. 

(c) Must have served on active duty as a sergeant or higher for one year. 

(d) Must have attained the highest efficiency as a noncommissioned officer 
and have demonstrated aptitude for leadership. 

(e) Must have an excellent record. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(2) Officers will from time to time submit recommendations of noncommis- 
sioned officers who fulfill the requirements. The Major General Commandant 
will select those best qualified and designate them to take the preliminary 
examination, as follows : 

(a) Writing a composition of not less than 300 words on a subject within 
the scope of the candidate's knowledge, the subject to be selected by the can- 
didate from several submitted to him. Marking will be on grammar, spelling, 
punctuation, penmanship, construction, and phraseology. 

(&) United States History, 10 questions. 

(c) Geography of the United States, 10 questions. 

(d) Arithmetic, 10 problems, to include common and decimal fractions, per- 
centage, one problem at least to be the computation of the area of land or the 
contents of a solid. 

(e) Probable efficiency, to include record, recommendations, and other evi- 
dence submitted or received. 

The examining board will consider any additional evidence of educational 
qualifications, such as attendance or graduation at high school, college, or 
other similar institution ; proficiency in foreign languages ; or other attain- 
ments. No physical examination will be required. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(3) The names of successful candidates will be placed on the eligible list in 
a probationary status. They will be expected to then take one of the basic 
courses, correspondence school, Marine Corps Schools, Quantico, and upon 
successful completion thereof within a reasonable time their status will 
become confirmed. Names may be removed from the eligible list at any time 
for cause. (CM. C.M.I.) 

(4) Notation will be made on page 14 of the service-record book and under 
" Remarks " on discharge certificates in the cases of men whose names are on 
the eligible list, in the following form : 

"On eligible list for Reserve commission (or warrant), probationary (or 
confirmed)." (CM. C.M.I.) 

(6-15) 



6-34 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

Issue of Books to Noncommissioned Officers Who Enroll for a Marine 
Corps Schools Correspondence Course 

6-34 

(1) When a noncommissioned officer has been placed on the eligible list 
provided for in article 6-33, and enrolls for a Marine Corps Schools corre- 
spondence course, one copy of Field Service Regulations, U. S. A., and one set 
of Training Regulations (Distribution "A"), with binders, will be issued to 
him, on memorandum receipt, for use until he completes the course, and he 
will be afforded access, by his commanding officer, to copies of the Marine 
Corps Manual and Naval Courts and Boards on hand at the post or station. 
(C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(2) The Field Service Regulations and the Training Regulations will be 
supplied and invoiced by the Depot Quartermaster, Philadelphia, Pa., to the 
accountable officer of the post or organization to which the noncommissioned 
officer for whom they are required is attached (whose name and rank will be 
stated on the invoice), upon receipt of notice from the Commanding Officer of 
the Marine Corps Schools that he has enrolled for a correspondence course. 
(C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(3) When the noncommissioned officer to whom Field Service Regulations 
and Training Regulations have been issued is transferred, the books in his 
possession will be invoiced to the accountable officer of the post or organization 
to which the transfer is made, and the Depot Quartermaster, Philadelphia, Pa., 
andthe Adjutant and Inspector notified by the invoicing officer of the transfer 
of the books. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(4) When the noncommissioned officer to whom such books have been issued 
is about to be discharged, he will be required to turn them in. If he does not 
reenlist within three months, the Field Service Regulations and the Training- 
Regulations so turned in will be returned to the Depot Quartermaster, Phila- 
delphia, Pa. Books turned in by the noncommissioned officer upon completion 
of the course for which he has enrolled will be disposed of in the same manner. 
(C. M. C. M. 1.) 

Transfers from Staff Offices to General Duty 

6-35 

Noncommissioned officers and privates first class who have been reduced for 
detail in a staff office or a depot of supplies and who are subsequently trans- 
ferred to general duty after service which would have entitled them to retain 
their rank if they had remained on general service, will, except when the 
transfer is for serious misconduct, be appointed as follows: (a) to the rank 
of sergeant if the reduction was from a higher rank; and (6) to the rank from 
which reduced if that rank was sergeant or below. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 



(6-16) 



PROMOTION AND REDUCTION 6-43 

Pbivates First Class 

6-41 

(1) Appointments. — The following are authorized to appoint privates first class 
within their commands not to exceed 40 per cent of the combined total of 
privates first class and privates of the permanent personnel of recruit depots, 
Marine Corps Schools (staff), and of organized marine detachments of naval 
vessels, and not to exceed 18 per cent of the combined total of privates first 
class and privates of other commands : 

(a) Commanding General, Department of the Pacific. 
(&) Commanding officers of all posts. 

(c) Brigade commanders among the troops belonging to brigade head- 

quarters; commanding officers of advanced base forces, regularly 
organized regiments, separate or detached battalions, and com- 
panies. 

(d) Commanding officers of organized marine detachments on armed 

transports of the Navy. 

(e) Commanding officers of separate expeditionary organizations, less 

than a regiment outside of the United States. 

(f) Commanding officers of marine aviation squadrons. 

(g) Officers in charge of recruiting divisions, for detail on recruiting 

duty. 
(h) Commanding officers of vessels of the Navy having organized marine 

detachments, 
(i) Commanding officers and noncommissioned officers in charge of 

separate marine detachments ashore. (C. M. C. M. 2, 3, and 4.) 

(2) Reduction. — The above appointing powers have authority to reduce first- 
class privates to privates, within their organizations, as they may see fit. 

(3) Transfers. — Appointments will not be vacated by transfer from an organi- 
zation. Whenever, by reason of transfer, the proportion of first-class privates 
exceeds the authorized percentage of the total number of privates attached to 
the command, the excess may be retained until vacancies occur within the 
organization or until the number can be reduced by transfer. 

(4) Form of appointments. — Appointments will be made in the form of an order 
signed by the commanding officer. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

6-42 

Probationers. — Enlisted men who are serving in probationary periods as the 
result of conviction by courts-martial shall not be promoted to noncommissioned 
rank or appointed private first class. 

6-43 

' The foregoing provisions in regard to noncommissioned officers and privates, 
first class, are subject to such special instructions as may be issued by the 
Major General Commandant. (C. M. C. M. 6.) 

(6-17) 



CHAPTER 7 



DISCIPLINE 

Punishments 
7-1 

(1) Regulations. — Punishments for offenses committed by persons belonging 
to the Marine Corps shall be inflicted in accordance with the provisions of the 
Articles for the Government of the Isavy. 

(2) When marines are detached for service with the Army by order of the 
President, they are subject, while so detached, to the Rules and Articles of War 
prescribed for the government of the Army. 

(3) Under no circumstances shall an offender be placed on guard or re- 
quired to perform extra guard duty as a punishment, whether serving afloat 
or on shore. 

(4) Deck and summary courts, — For the trial of offenses which the command- 
ing officer of marine? may deem deserving of greater punishment than he is 
authorized to inflict under the provisions of article 24, A. G. N. f but not suffi- 
cient to require trial by general court-martial, he may order a deck court or 
summary court-martial. 

(5) Genera/ courts-martial. — Offenses, which, in his opinion, require the trial 
of the offender by a general court-martial, shall be reported by him through 
official channels to the officer withiu whose command he is serving who has 
authority to convene general courts-martial, or, if there be none such, to the 
Secretary of the Xavy, through the Major General Commandant. 

(6) Recommendations for trial by general courts-martial should be so complete 
of themselves as to efford all important facts necessary for the preparation 
of charges and specifications. Service-record books will, whenever available, 
accompany recommendations for trial for unauthorized absence. In cases of 
theft, the articles stolen, ownership, -place and time of theft, and the value of 
items will be clearly specified. Original checks will, whenever practicable, ac- 
company recommendations for trial for unlawful check transactions. (Photo- 
graphic copies will be accepted when originals can not be produced.) Speci- 
men charges and specifications often prove of considerable value as indicating 
precisely the real nature and extent of the offense charged and will accord- 
ingly be furnished. 

(7-1) 



7-1 MAKINE COKPS MANUAL 

(7) Accidental discharge of firearms. — Every man who is responsible for an 
accidental discharge of any weapon through careless handling shall be tried 
by general court-martial, summary court-martial, or deck court, according to 
the degree of negligence and the consequences of the act. 

(8) It is the policy of the department not to resort to trial by general court- 
martial except in those cases where it is clearly evident that a deck court or a 
summary court-martial would be unable to award a suitable and effective 
punishment. 

(9) Officer under arrest. — When a commanding officer has an officer placed 
under arrest for trial by general court-martial, he will notify the paymaster 
carrying such officer's account of his action and of the nature of the charges 
which are to be preferred. A copy of the notification will be furnished to the 
paymaster. 

Deserters and Stragglers 

7-2 

■ 

Rewards. — An offer of reward for the apprehension and delivery of a straggler 
or a deserter will state that payment of said reward will be made upon the 
delivery of the straggler or the deserter at any marine barracks, Marine Corps 
recruiting station, or such other place as the Major General Commandant may 
direct* a»d-must not be issued after the date of apprehension unless expressly 
authorized by order of the Major General Commandant. In case of a deserter, 
the offer of reward will specify that delivery must be made within 22 months 
after expiration of enlistment. 

7-3 

Desertion defined. — Absence without leave with a manifest intention not to 
return will be regarded as desertion; therefore when the intention to desert 
is apparent a reward will be offered immediately, without awaiting the expira- 
tion of 10 days. 

7-4 

The staff returns of a deserter will be forwarded to the Major General Com- 
mandant. A notation will be made and signed in the service-record book 
as to whether or not a reward has been offered for the apprehension and 
delivery of the deserter, and if so the amount of the reward. 

7-5 

Reward, where sent. — A signed copy of the offer of reward for the apprehension 
and delivery of a deserter or straggler will be sent to the Adjutant and In- 
spector ; to the recruiting officer nearest the place of the deserter's usual resi- 
dence ; to the deserter's next of kin ; to the mayor (or chief of police) of the 
town where he resided at date of enlistment; to the chief of police of any 
other towns to which it is thought he may have proceeded, the selection being 

(7-2) 



«» 



DISCIPLINE 7-8 

governed by facts obtained from his military history, declarations to comrades, 
or other sources of information; and to such detective agencies as may be 
designated. A copy of the offer of reward will also be pasted in the man's serv- 
ice-record book. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

7-6 

(1) Entries in service-record books. — In order to have at hand and immediately 
available for use before courts-martial the necessary evidence for the trial 
of enlisted men of the Marine Corps who have been declared deserters, and 
to aid courts-martial in determining whether such men are guilty of desertion 
or absence without leave, when the staff returns are closed, entries signed 
by the commanding officer will be made in service-record books of the following 
circumstances attending the desertion : 

Disposal of effects, especially uniforms. 

Secret preparations. 

Procuring plain clothes. 

Declarations. 

Desire to quit the service. 

Taking passage for a distant point. 

Escaping from arrest. 

Commission of an offense and fear of punishment therefor. 

Whether or not any effects of value were left. 

Hour and date and place or port of desertion. 

(2) The entries " Not known " and " Unknown " shall not be inserted in the 
service-record book until every reasonable effort has been made to discover the 
probable causes. 

7-7 

Inventory of Government property. — Immediately upon the desertion of an en- 
listed man an inventory will be made, by a disinterested officer or noncom- 
missioned officer detailed for the purpose, of the Government property left by 
him. The officer holding the man's recepit will promptly ascertain what 
Government property covered by such receipt is lost, missing, damaged, or 
destroyed, and will forward a list of the same on Form N. M. C. 697, request- 
ing checkage against the account of the deserter. This form will be prepared 
and handled in accordance with the printed instructions. 

7-8 

Inventory of personal effects. — Commanding officers of organizations will imme- 
diately collect and make an inventory of the effects left by absentees. When 
an absentee is declared a deserter his effects and the inventory will be turned 
over to the post quartermaster, who will receipt for them. These effects will 
be held until two months from the date of desertion, after which time any dis- 
charge certificates, noncommissioned officers' warrants, medals, badges, etc., 
will be mailed to the Adjutant and Inspector, Headquarters, Marine Corps, 



(7-3) 



7-8 <^gm C0RPS MAN Ii^-W^^ 

Washington, D. C* other effects will be disposed of by sale at public auction, 
the amount received from such sale to be handled as set forth in article 28-95. 
(See arts. 1879 (2), Navy Regulations, and 15-18, Marine Corps Manual.) 
(C. M. C. M. 2 and 4.) 

7-9 

(1) Report of deserters and stragglers. — When a deserter or straggler sur- 
renders or is delivered at a post, recruiting station, or on board a ship, a report 
will be made by dispatch and on the same day a written report, in duplicate, 
will be sent direct to the Major General Commandant, except that in the case 
of a straggler who surrenders or is delivered at his place of duty no dispatch 
or written report is required. The written report will cover the following 
points : 

(a) Hour and date of surrender or delivery. 
(6) Date and place of unauthorized absence. 

(c) In case of delivery, by whom delivery was made, whether claim is 

made for reward, amount, and whether claimant has signed 
voucher for reward. 

(d) Statement of deserter or straggler. 

(e) Proof of identity. 

(f ) Whether deserter or straggler was in uniform, condition of his cloth- 

ing, and whether adequate for the season. 

(g) Report of physical condition by medical officer. 
(h) Recommendation. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(2) When a deserter or straggler surrenders or is delivered at a post under 
the jurisdiction of the Department of the Pacific, or at a recruiting station of 
the Western Recruiting Division, or at recruiting stations of the district of 
Denver, a dispatch will be sent immediately to the Commanding General, De- 
partment of the Pacific, who will issue such instructions as he may deem neces- 
sary in connection with the sending of a guard or furnishing transportation. 
In addition, a written report, in duplicate, will be mailed to the Major General 
Commandant on the same day and a copy sent to the Department of the Pacific. 
(C. M. C. M. 1 and 3.) 

7-10 

(1) Payment of reward. — The officer receiving a deserter shall satisfy himself 
that the man is a deserter and that he is the person he is represented to be, 
and, if any doubt exists with respect to his identity, shall telegraph his per- 
sonal description and. statement of service claimed to Headquarters, with a 
request for verification. 



(7-4) 



DISCIPLINE 7-1 1 

(2) When the identity of a deserter or straggler is established, the officer 
receiving the deserter shall prepare the necessary vouchers for the payment 
of the reward offered and forward them to the nearest disbursing officer of 
the quartermaster's department for payment. A copy of the offer of reward, 
including the description of the man, must accompany the voucher. The dis- 
bursing officer receiving such voucher shall, if it be in due form, make the 
necessary payment. (See arts. 18-81 and 18-82.) 

(3) When a commanding officer is advised by the civil authorities of the 
arrest or surrender of an absentee, in the absence of definite information, the 
date of such arrest, or surrender, will be ascertained and if any reward for 
delivery is paid, it will be based on the offer outstanding at the time of the 
man's arrest. A reward will not be paid for the delivery of an absentee who 
is arrested while on authorized liberty, nor a reward greater than $25 for 
the delivery of an absentee who at the time of his arrest was in the status of 
a straggler. Where there is any doubt as to the method of procedure, or 
when extraordinary circumstances exist, such cases should be referred to the 
Major General Commandant, who will determine on the merits of the case 
the amount of the reward, if any, to be paid. 

7-11 

Deserters shall be taken up on the rolls of the post designated by the Major 
General Commandant 



(7-4a) 



DISCIPLINE 7-16 

7-12 

Physical examination. — The officer receiving a deserter shall also cause him 
to be examined by a medical officer, and if he be found physically unfit will 
so telegraph to Headquarters. By physical unfitness of a deserter is meant that 
degree of unfitness resulting from disease or disability which would render him, 
in case of his return to the Marine Corps authorities, a menace to the health 
of those with whom he would come in contact, or which would put the Govern- 
ment to a greater expense in his care and treatment than would be warranted 
by the benefit accruing to the service by reason of his punishment The test of 
unfitness in the case of a deserter is entirely different from the standard set 
in the case of an applicant for enlistment. While such disabilities as loss of 
fingers, flat feet, underweight, impaired vision or hearing, loss of teeth, varicose 
veins, etc., would cause the rejection of an applicant for enlistment, their ex- 
istence in a deserter will not render him unfit and should not constitute a reason 
why he should escape punishment. To constitute unfitness in a deserter there 
must exist disabilities or diseases of a more serious and vital nature, such as 
insanity, tuberculosis, appendicitis, diseases of a contagious nature, etc. Again, 
a distinction should be made between deserters for whom a reward has been 
paid for delivery and those who voluntarily surrender ; in the former case, 
i. e., where a reward has been paid for delivery, the deserter will not be pro- 
nounced " unfit " except as above outlined, while in the latter case, where the 
deserter voluntarily surrenders, he will be pronounced V unfit '' if the disability 
be such as would unquestionably preclude enlistment. 

7-13 

Desertion in time of war. — Marines who deserted in time of war and who havo 
been in desertion more than two years are not amenable to naval jurisdiction. 

7-14 

Discharge as undesirable. — When a deserter is discharged as undesirable, an 
itemized statement of all expenses incurred will be reported to the Paymaster 
and the Quartermaster furnished with a certificate that the necessary checkage 
has been made. 

7-15 

Discouragement of straggling. — Every effort will be made to discourage thp 
practice of marines willfully absenting themsplres and reporting iu at other 
stations for duty. 

7-16 

(1) Man's commanding officer notified by telegraph. — When a straggler from 
another post is apprehended or surrenders within 10 days from the time of his 
original absence, the commanding officer will immediately telegraph this in- 
formation to the commanding officer of the barracks from which the man is 
absent, giving the date and hour of his original surrender. 

(7-5) 



7-16 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

(2) Upon the receipt of such a telegram the commanding officer shall retail 
the staff returns until orders as to their disposition are received from Head- 
quarters. 

7—17 

• 

Applicants eloping, etc. — When an applicant for enlistment transferred from 
a recruiting station to a barracks elopes, refuses to complete enlistment, or is 
rejected, report will be made to the officer in charge of recruiting direct. A 
copy of the report will be sent to the recruiting officer who accepted the appli- 
cant, and (in case of rejection by the medical officer) a copy to the Bureau of 
Medicine and Surgery. 

Couet-Maetial Memoranda 

7-18 

Who makes, where sent. — Commanding officers of marines at shore stations 
shall prepare the deck and summary court-martial memoranda in triplicate on 
Form N. M. O. 512. One copy shall be transmitted to the Adjutant and In- 
spector, one copy mailed direct to the General Accounting Office, and the third 
copy pasted in service-record book. The officer signing court-martial memo- 
randa will be held pecuniarily responsible for the correctness of entries made 
over his signature. Great care should therefore be exercised to see that court- 
martial memorauda contain correct statements of facts, particularly as to for- 
feitures of pay. 

7-19 

(1) Absence without leave and over leave. — Care shall be taken in describing 
the offenses of absence without leave and absence over leave. The memoranda 
shall show briefly, in substantial accordance with the following example, the 
dates and the hours of the beginning and the ending of the unauthorized ab- 
sence : 

"AWOL (or AOL), 7.30 a. m., March 14, 1916, to 7 p. m., March 16, 1916, 
when reported at " 

Absence or return beginning or ending at noon or midnight should be stated 
" 12 noon " or " 12 midnight." 

(2) If the man surrendered at a post or station other than that from which 
he absented himself, and was returned to the latter, the memorandum shall 
contain additional data similar to the following: 

" Joined this command therefrom, March 18, 1916." 

(3) All entries under " Remarks " on pay rolls and muster rolls shall agree 
with the data contained in the memorandum above mentioned. 

(4) Loss of pay. — Commanding officers of marines at shore stations, and other 
officers in command of detachments keeping and rendering pay rolls to the pay- 
master's department, will note, over their signatures, on the records of sum- 
mary and deck courts, that the loss of pay in the particular case, if any has 
been adjudged and approved, has been noted in service-record book. 

(7-6) 



*-8' 



CHAPTEB 8 



DECORATIONS, MEDALS, AND BADGES 



Gen 

8-1 

Presentation. — The recipient of a medal of honor shall, when practicable, be 
ordered to Washington, D. C, where the presentation may be made by the 
President as Commander in Chief, or by such representative as the President 
may designate. All other decorations and medals herein authorized shall, 
when practicable, be presented by the commanding officer at a parade, and shall 
be worn on the prescribed occasions. 

8-2 

Gratuitous issues. — All decorations, medals, badges, ribbons, and auxiliary 
insignia will be gratuitously issued as an article of uniform to officers and 
enlisted men, who are entitled thereto ; also to former officers and en- 
listed men who have been honorably separated from the naval service. 
Duplicates will be gratuitously issued to enlisted men in the service, and will 
be sold at cost price to officers, warrant officers, and men out of the service, 
upon presentation of satisfactory evidence that the original was lost, destroyed, 
or rendered unfit for use without fault or neglect on the part of persons to 
whom originally furnished, except as otherwise provided in article 1709 
(7), N. R. 

8-3 

(1) Ribbons, fourrageres, and auxiliary insignia. — An allowance of not more 
than one ribbon for each decoration presented by the United States Govern- 
ment, one ribbon (with stars or Maltese cross, when required) for each service 
medal, one expeditionary ribbon (with numeral, when required), one good- 
conduct ribbon (with numeral, when required), and one fourragere, is pre- 
scribed for gratuitous issue during an enlistment, if necessary, to each enlisted 
man entitled thereto. 

(2) Ribbons, stars, Maltese crosses, numerals, and fourrageres issued in 
excess of allowance will be charged to enlisted men at invoice price. Officers 
requiring additional ribbons, fourrageres, etc., may purchase them. 

(8-1) 



8-4 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

8-4 

Officers and enlisted men of the Navy, including former officers and former 
enlisted men who have been honorably separated from the naval service, and 
who were attached to marine units on any occasion for which a service medal 
or other insignia is awarded, will be issued the medal or other insignia appro- 
priate to such service upon application to the Major General Commandant. 

8-5 

Wearing medals while undergoing punishment. — The commanding officer may 
prohibit the wearing of decorations, medals, ribbons, or badges by any person 
undergoing punishment. (U. Regs. 350.) 

8-6 

Insignia withheld. — No decoration, medal, badge, ribbon, or other insignia 
herein described shall be awarded or issued to any individual, or to the repre- 
sentative of any individual, whose entire service subsequent to the time when 
his right thereto arose shall not have been honorable, unless such right shall 
be absolute under the law. 

Medals of Honor, Etc. 

8-7 

Any officer or enlisted man may receive a medal of honor, distinguished- 
service medal, navy cross, or lifo-saving medal. (Arts. 1707, 1709, N. R.) 

Brevet Medals 

8-8 

Brevet medals are authorized for issue to officers holding brevet commissions. 

Good-Conduct Medals 

8-9 

(1) Eligibility. — When^a man is discharged upon the expiration of^is first 
enlistment with a lina^f |verage marking of 4.6 or over for military efficiency, 
obedience, and sobriety, and is recommended therefor by his commanding 
officer, he may be awarded a good-conduct medal; when a man is discharged 
upon the expiration of a subsequent enlistment with a final marking of\4.8 
or over, and is* recommended therefor by his commanding officer, he may be 
awarded a goo^conduct medal, or' a good-conduct bar if he is in possession 
of a medal/) 

(2) Extension of enlistment. — If a man has extended his enlistment and is dis- 
charged during or upon the expiration of such extension, he will likewise 



DECORATIONS, MEDALS, AND BADGES 8~9 

Good-Conduct Medals 

8-9 

(1) Eligibility. — When a man is discharged upon the expiration of his first 
enlistment with a final average marking of 4.6 or over for military efficiency, 
obedience, and sobriety, and is recommended therefor by his commanding 
officer, he may be awarded a good-conduct medal; when a man is discharged 
upon the expiration of a subsequent enlistment with a final marking of 4.8 
or over, and is recommended therefor by his commanding officer, he may be 
awarded a good-conduct medal, or a good-conduct bar if he is in possession 
of a medal. An enlisted man discharged after not less than two years' serv- 
ice in his enlistment, to accept a warrant or commission, is eligible for a good- 
conduct award. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(2) Extension of enlistment. — If a man has extended his enlistment and is 
discharged, transferred to the Fleet Marine Corps Reserve, or retired during 
or upon the expiration of such extension, he will likewise be eligible for a 
good-conduct award. If the discharge is upon the expiration of a 4-year 
extension, or of extensions aggregating four years, the man will be eligible 
for an award for the original enlistment and to an additional award for the 
extension. (C. M. C. M. 4.) 



(8-2a) 



DECORATIONS, MEDALS, AND BADGES 8~10 

be eligible for a good -conduct award. Meu serving in an extended enlistment 
who received a good-conduct award upon completion of the orginal term, will 
not be eligible for another award upon discharge. 

(3) Court-martial men not eligible. — Ordinarily, recommendation for a good- 
conduct medal should not be made in the case of a man who during his current 
enlistment has been convicted by a court-martial, other than a deck court, and 
whose sentence has been approved by proper authority; but if a recommenda- 
tion for a good-conduct medal is made in such a case, the reasons therefor 
shall be given over the commanding officer's signature. 

(4) Recommendation. — At posts having a company organization the markings 
shall be entered personally and signed by the man's company commander, who 
shall also make recommendations as to good-conduct medals and bars. Com- 
manding officers of such posts shall satisfy themselves that company records 
are properly kept and that company commanders comply with the provisions 
of this article. In cases where ihe commanding officer of a post does not agree 
with the markings for transfer or discharge or the recommendations in regard 
to good-conduct medal or bar, his recommendation with reasons therefor shall 
be given over his signature. 

(5) Awards. — The award upon discharge will be made by the officer who 
issues the discharge certificate. 

(6) Delivery. — The medal or bar will be delivered with the discharge cer- 
tificate, or where this is impracticable will be delivered or forwarded as soon 
as possible thereafter. 

(7) Revocation. — Good-conduct medals and bars or their advantages can not 
be taken from men holding them except by sentence of general court-martial. 

Seevice Medals 

8-10 

Service medals, will be issued to officers and enlisted men who are now or 
were formerly in the Marine Corps, as follows : 

(1) Civil War campaign medal. — For service in the Marine Corps, Regular or 
Volunteer Army, or in the militia of the United States, during the Civil War, 
between April 15, 1861, and April 9, 1865. (N. D. S. O. 82, June 27, 1908.) 

(2) Spanish campaign medal. — For service of not less than 90 days between 
April 20, 1S98, and December 10, 1S98, in the Marine Corps. (N. D. S. O. 82, 
1908, and N* D. G. O. 81, 1922.) 

(3) Philippine campaign medal. — For service on vessels of the Navy, or on 
shore in the Philippine Islands, between February 4, 1899, and July 4, 1902, or 
on shore in the Department of Mindanao cooperating with the Army, between 
February 4, 1899, and December 31, 1904. (N. D. S. O. 82, 1908.) 

(4) China campaign medal. — For service ashore in China with the Peking 
Relief Expedition, between May 24, 1900, and May 27, 1901, or with the lega- 
tion guard at Peking, or on vessels of the Navy in China waters as stated 
in paragraph (d)^ page 7 of N. D. S. O. ^Z-June 27, 1908. (N. D. S. O. 82, 
June 27, 1908; act of Mar. 3, 1909; N. D. G. O. 188, Jan. 18, 1916.) 

(8-3) 



8-10 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

(5) Cuban pacification medal. — For service in Cuba with the Army of Cuban 
pacification or in Cuban waters in connection with the Cuban pacification, be- 
tween September 12, 1906, and April 1, 1909. (N. D. G. O. 35, Aug. 13, 1909; 
N. D. G. O. 188, Jan. 18, 1916; N. D. G. O. 216, May 23, 1916; N. D. G. O. 381, 
Mar. 26, 1918.) 

(6) Nicaraguan campaign medal. — For service in Nicaragua under the com- 
mand of Rear Admiral William H. H. Southerland or on board the Annapolis, 
California, Cleveland, Colorado, Denver, Gia^er, or Takoma, between A ugu st 

- " 28, 1912, and November/^, 1912, inclusive. (The President's letter to Assistant 
Secretary of the Navy, Sept. 22, 1913.) 

(7) Mexican service medal. — For service on shore at Vera Cruz from April 21 
to April 23, 1914, inclusive, or on board any of the vessels named in article 
A-1015, Bureau of Navigation Manual, between the dates designated oppo- 
site each ship. 

(8) Haiti campaign medal. — For service in Haiti from July 9, 1915, to Decem- 
ber 6, 1915. or any part of such period, or on board those vessels of the Navy 
listed in N. D. G. O. 305, June 22, 1917, and between the dates set forth in said 
order for each vessel. (G. O. No. 478, June 17, 1919.) 

(9) Haiti campaign medal, 1919-1920.— -For service in Haiti from April 1, 1919, 
to June 15, 1920, or any part of such period, or on board those vessels of the 
Navy listed in N. D. G. O. 77, 1921. 

(10) Dominican campaign medal. — For service in Santo Domingo between May 
5, 1916, and December 4, 1916, and on board vessels of the Navy listed in 
N. D. G. O. 76, 1921. 

(11) Victory medal, World War. — For honorable service in the World War, be- 
tween April 6, 1917, and November 11, 1918. (N. D. G. O.'s No. 482, June 30, 
1919; No. 496, Aug. 11, 1919; No. 504, Sept. 27, 1919; No. 508, Oct. 27, 1919; No. 
528, Apr. 25, 1920.) M. C. O. No. 50 (1919) ; N. D. G. O. 83, 1922. 

Expeditionary Ribbons 

8—11 

(1) Expeditionary ribbons, for service with the following-named expeditions 
or other operations for which no campaign medals have been authorized, will 
be issued to officers and enlisted men who are now or were formerly in the 
Marine Corps : 

(a) Hawaiian Islands: February 12-20, 1874. Marines from Tuscarora and 
Portsmouth ashore at Honolulu. 

(6) Egypt: June 10-August 29, 1882. Marines from Lancaster, Nipsic, and 
Quinnebaug ashore at Alexandria. 

(c) United States of Colombia : March 31-May 22, 1885. Expeditionary force 
of marines ashore in the State of Panama (April 11-May 22) ; marines of 
Galena, ashore from March 31, 1885. 

(d) Corea : June 19-30, 1888. Marines of Essex ashore at Seoul. 

(&-4) 



DECORATIONS, MEDALS, AND BADGES 8-11 

(e) Samoa: November 13, 1888-March 20, 1889. Marines of Nipsic ashore 
at Apia. 

(f) Hawaiian Islands: July 30-31, 1889. Marines of the Adams ashore at 
Honolulu. 

(g) Argentina : July 30, 1890. Marines of the Tallapoosa ashore at Buenos 
Aires. 

(h) Republic of Haiti: May 2-June 20, 1891. Marines of the Kearsarge 
ashore on Navassa Island. 

(i) Chile : August 28-30, 1891. Marines of the San Francisco and Baltimore 
ashore at Valparaiso . 

(/) Hawaiian Islands: January 16-April 1, 1893. Marines of the Boston 
ashore at Honolulu. 

(k) Corea: July 24. 1894-November 30, 1895. During the Japanese-Chinese 
War, marines of the Baltimore, Concord, Charleston, and Detroit, at various 
times, served as an American Legation guard at Seoul from July 24, 1894, to 
June 19, 1895; marines of the Yorktotcn from July 24 to November 30, 1895; 
and marines of the Machias from November 29, 1895, to April 3, 1896. 

(0. United States of Colombia : March 8-9, 1895. Detachment of marines 
from Atlanta ashore at Boca del Toro. 

(w) China: December 4, 1894-May 16, 1895. During Chinese-Japanese War, 
marines of Baltimore ashore at Tientsin. 

(n) China : March 1-18, 1895. Marines from Yorktown ashore at Chefoo. 

(o) Samoa: March 14-May 18, 1899. Marines of Philadelphia ashore. 

(p) United States of Colombia: November 11-December 4, 1901. Marines 
from Machias, Marietta, Iowa, Concord, and Ranger land in the State of 
Panama at various times within this period. 

(q) United States of Colombia: April 17-19, 1902. Detachment of marines 
from Machias ashore at Boca del Toro. 

(r) United States of Colombia: September 23-November 18, 1902. Battal- 
ion of marines from Panther ashore during this period at Panama, Colon, and 
along the railroad. 

(s) Honduras: March 21-April 16, 1903. The Panther (carrying a bat- 
talion of marines), Olympia, Marietta, Raleigh, and San Francisco were in 
Honduran waters all or part of this period. Marines landed from Panther 
at Truxillo and Ceiba, while those of the Olympia were ashore at Puerto Cor- 
tez from March 24 to 26. 

(t) Dominican Republic : April 1-19, 1903. Atlant a marines ashore at Santo 
Domingo City. 

(«) Syria: September 8-13, 1903, and October 10-17, 1903. Marines of 
Brooklyn and San Francisco ashore at different times at Beirut. 
.. (v) United States of Colombia and Republic of Panama: November 4, 1903- 
February 26, 1904 (date that ratifications of treaty were exchanged and treaty 
was proclaimed that granted Canal Zone to United States). Marines of Nash- 
ville landed at Colon on November 4, 1903, the date that Panama became an 
independent republic. A battalion of marines on board the Dixie arrived at 

(8-5) 



8-11 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

Colon on November 5, 1903, and landed the same date. A battalion of marines 
landed from Prairie on December 13, 1903, at Colon, Republic of Panama ; 
marines landed from Atlanta, at Porto Bello, Republic of Panama, on December 
31, 1903. Two battalions of marines landed at Colon, Republic of Panama, from 
the Dixie, January 3, 1904. 

(w) Abyssinia: November 21, 1903-January 18, 1904. Marines from the 
San Francisco, Brooklyn, and MacMas arrived at Djibouti on board the latter- 
named vessel, and accompanied an American diplomatic commission from 
Djibouti, French Somaliland, Africa, to Abyssinia, and return. 

(x) Corea : January 5, 1904-November 11, 1905. During the Japanese-Rus- 
sian War, a detachment of marines proceeded from Olongapo, P. I., to Corea 
via the Zafiro, and established an American Legation guard at Seoul. 

(y) Dominican Republic: February 25-27, 1904. Marines of Yankee ashore 
at San Pedro de Macoris. 

(z) Russia: December, 1905-January 1, 1907. Embassy guard at St. Peters- 
burg. 

(aa) Honduras: April 28-May 23, 1907 (at Laguna) ; May 24-June 8, 1907 
(at Choloma). Marines from Paducah served ashore on dates and places 
indicated. 

(oh) Nicaragua: May 30-September 4, 1910. Battalion of marines ashore 
at Bluefields. Also November 3, 1912-April 5, 1917, and November 12, 1918,- 
August 3, 1925. Legation guard at Managua. 

(cc) China : October 10, 1911- January 19, 1914. An expeditionary force of 
marines from Olongapo, P. I., served on board the Rainomc and ashore at various 
times at Peking, Shanghai, etc. Marines were also serving as the American 
Legation guard at Peking, and on board many naval vessels in Chinese waters. 

(dd) Cuba : May 28- August 5, 1912. A provisional brigade consisting of the 
First and Second Regiments, and marine detachments of naval vessels, ashore 
at Guantanamo Bay and other points in Cuba. 

(ee) Republic of Haiti: January 29-February 9, 1914. Marines of South 
Carolina ashore at Port au Prince. 

(ff) Dominican Republic and Republic of Haiti: August 15-October 30, 1914 
(Dominican Republic) ; October 31-November 14, 1914 (Republic of Haiti) ; 
November 26-December 11, 1914 (Dominican Republic) ; December 13-17, 1914 
(Republic of Haiti). The Fifth Regiment served on board the Hancock in 
Haitian and Dominican waters and ashore in the Dominican Republic. 

(gg) Republic of Haiti : December 7, 1915- April 5, 1917 ; November 12, 1918- 
March 31, 1919; and June 16, 1920, to 4e*e. Oi»r. %5'I1*+* 

(hh) Dominican Republic: December 5, 1916-April 5, 1917, and November 12, 
1918-September, 1924. 

(ii) Cuba: February 26-April 5, 1917. Expeditionary force of marines 
(ieeluding the marines of the Montana) and marines from the MavMas -served 
at various places in Cuba. 

07) Siberia: November 12, 1918-November 19, 1922. Marine detachment 
ashore on Russian Island. 

<8-6) 



8-12 

(kk) Siberia: January 31-February 1, 1920. Marines of the South Dakota 
ashore at Vladivostok. 

(II) Honduras: February 28-March 13, 1924. Marines landed at La Ceiba, 
Puerto Cortes, and Tela at various times from the Denver, BilUngsley, and 
Lardner. 

(mm) China : September 9, 1924-March 1, 1925. Expeditionary forces of 
marines and marines from the following vessels ashore at various times at 
Shanghai, Tientsin, Peking, Tung-c-hou, etc., and serving as international train 
guards, etc. ; Huron, Asheville, Sacramento, Smith-Thompson, Tracy, Borie, 
Pecos, Pillsbury, Steivard, Black Hawk, Preble, Barker, Whipple, and Edwards. 
Marines were also serving at the American Legation guard at Peking. 

(nn) China: June 5- July 29, 1925. Marine detachment of Huron on shore in 
Shanghai as part of naval landing force. 

(2) The ribbon itself represents participation in one operation, or other 
duty; while participation in two or more operations, or other duty, will be 
represented by the placing of a bronze numeral in the center of the ribbon, 
indicative of the total number of operations. 

(3) To be entitled to this expeditionary ribbon, or the bronze numerals, 
members of the above expeditions or detachments must have actually served 
ashore in the foreign countries mentioned, for the purpose of protecting 
American or other foreign interests, during all or part of the period between 
the dates set forth. 

Fbench Foueeagebe 
8-12 

(1) The Fifth and Sixth Regiments, United States Marines, having each 
received three citations in the French Orders of the Army, and the Sixth Ma- 
chine Gun Battalion, United States Marines, having received two citations in 
the French Orders of the Army, have been awarded the Fourragere of the 
colors of the ribbon of the Croix de Guerre (green and red) by the French 
Ministry of War. This award having been accepted by the War Department 
on behalf of these organizations, the said Fourragere becomes a part of the 
uniform of the above-mentioned units and will be issued to such officers and 
enlisted men who may become members of these organizations. The Fourth 
Brigade, United States Marines, received one citation in the French Orders of 
the Army, as an organization ; this, however, is the same as that covering the 
corresponding period for which the Fifth and Sixth Regiments and the Sixth 
Machine Gun Battalion were cited. 

(2) In order that an individual may be entitled to wear the said Fourra- 
gere at all times, regardless of whether or not he is serving with the unit so 
decorated, he must have been attached to the organization on at least two oc- 
casions covered by the above dates. 



(8-7) 






8-13 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

Victoey Buttons 

8-13 

Bronze and silver victory buttons will be issued to officers and enlisted men 
of the Marine Corps who served honorably therein between the dates of April 
6, 1917, and November. 11, 1918. 

Reserve Buttons 

8-14 

Each enrolled or transferred member of the Marine Corps Reserve will be 
issued a Marine Corps Reserve button. 

Honorable-Discharge Buttons 

8-15 

(1) To each enlisted man of the Marine Corps who may be honorably dis- 
charged from the service there will be issued a Marine Corps honorable-dis- 
charge button. This button will also be issued to each commissioned or war- 
rant officer of the Marine Corps who may be honorably discharged from the 
service. 

(2) To each man and to each commissioned or warrant officer of the Marine 
Corps Reserve, who has had three months or more of active service, there will 
be issued one of these buttons upon honorable discharge from the Reserve. 

(3) In cases of men who served less than one year in the Marine Corps and 
were honorably discharged upon report of medical survey because of dis- 
ability not incurred in line of duty, and not the result of their own miscon- 
duct ; because of inaptitude, upon settlement of accounts or by purchase, but- 
tons will not be awarded, but the requests of the individuals concerned will 
be given special consideration, and the purchase of honorable discharge but- 
tons may be authorized by the Adjutant and Inspector. 

(4) The honorable discharge button adopted by the Marine Corps is in- 
tended to be worn only with civilian dress. 

(5) Buttons issued gratuitously will be issued by the commanding officer of 
the station at which the man is discharged, with his discharge certificate. 

(6) The buttons will be furnished the different stations by the Adjutant and 
Inspector upon requisition, and will not be numbered. 

(7) Ex-enlisted men who have received an honorable discharge from the 
Marine Corps upon expiration of enlistment will be authorized to purchase 
buttons upon request to the Adjutant and Inspector. 



(&-8 



DECORATIONS, MEDALS, AND BADGES 8~16 

Qualification Badges 

8-16 

(1) Badges for marksmanship may be bestowed upon enlisted men by the 
Major General Commandant under such rules as may be established with the 
approval of the Secretary of the Navy. 

(2) Badges for distinguished marksmen. — Any officer or enlisted man of the 
Marine Corps who since 1906 has won a badge in a division or Marine Corps 
competition, and, including such badge, has won any three of the following- 
authorized badges, shall be classed as a distinguished marksman and awarded 
a badge as such : 

Division competition, Marine Corps. 
Marine Corps competition. 
National individual match. 

National team match, as a shooting member of the highest team repre- 
senting the Marine Corps. 
Expert team rifleman, U. S. Navy. 

(3) In addition to the above badges any officer or enlisted man of the 
Marine Corps who while serving in the Army, or Navy, or while detached for 
service with the Army, has been awarded a badge for representing any branch 
of the Army or Navy on a team at a National match as a shooting member, or 
has won any of the badges authorized in Training Regulations 150-10 as a 
credit toward a distinguished marksman, shall include such badge among those 
which will count in determining eligibility for classification as a distinguished 
marksman, Marine Corps. 

(4) Officers and enlisted men of the Marine Corps who have won three of 
the above badges will make application to the Major General Commandant for 
classification as a distinguished marksman, giving full data concerning their 
eligibility for such classification, in order that a badge may be awarded. 



(8-9) 



CHAPTER 9 



CORRESPONDENCE 



Section f.— GENERAL 

Correspondence 

9-1 

Addressed to Major General Commandant. — All communications relating to 
details of officers, transfers, applications for orders or for revocation thereof, 
as well as applications for leaves of absence and furloughs which are not 
granted by other authority, and applications for extension of such leaves and 
furloughs beyond 30 days shall be addressed to the Major General Commandant 
and forwarded through official channels. 

9-2 

From officers at Headquarters. — All official communications between officers of 
the Corps stationed at Headquarters and other officers (except letters contain- 
ing money and checks and such routine correspondence by or with officers of 
or between the staff departments as requires no action of the Major General 
Commandant) shall be forwarded through the Major General Commandant. 

9-3 

General officers of the Marine Corps commanding departments, posts, stations, 
brigades, or other organizations of the Marine Corps, will be addressed, and will 
style themselves in all official correspondence as " The Commanding General," 
followed by the name of the department, post, station, etc. 

9-4 

Names in full. — To avoid error, confusion, and delay in conducting correspond- 
ence, official communications, other than those by wire, containing the names 
of officers or enlisted men shall in every instance give both the Christian and 
the surname of such officers and enlisted men written in full, except middle 
names, for which initials only may be used. In case there is more than one 
enlisted man of the same name at a given post or station, the one to whom it 

(9-1) 



9-4 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

is intended to refer must be identified by giving iiis Christian, middle name, 
and surname in full ; also the place and date of his enlistment, or otherwise. 

Registered Mail 

9-5 

(1) The Post Office Department considers that ils responsibility ceases with 
the delivery of registered mail to a duly authorized mail orderly, and that in 
the event of its loss after delivery to him the sender must look to the naval 
authorities for reimbursement. 

(2) Commanding officers will require every person handling registered mail 
to receipt for it, making sure that such mail is delivered to and signed for 
by the person to whom it is addressed. Registry receipt books will be kept 
for this purpose. 

Personal Mail 

9-6 

When mail is received at a post for an officer or enlisted man who at the 
time of receipt is not attached to the post the mail will be disposed of as fol- 
lows: 

(1) If for an officer or enlisted man whose address is known, as in case 
of those recently transferred, etc., the mail will be redirected and forwarded 
to that address. 

(2) In all other cases the mail will be forwarded to the Adjutant and In- 
spector, Headquarters Marine Corps. 

Relating to Paymaster's Department 

9-7 

(1) Vouchers for current pay and allowances and routine correspondence 
relating thereto should be forwarded direct to the proper paymaster. 

(2) Indorsements affecting pay, mileage, transportation, and traveling ex- 
penses shall be placed on the face of the original order involving travel, if 
practicable, otherwise on the back of the order. Such indorsements shall never 
be placed on sheets which might be detached from the original order. 

(3) When pay clerk signs. — During the temporary absence of a paymaster, 
exceeding one day, a pay clerk may < enter the name of the paymaster under 
the phrase " For and in the absence of," and sign the communication over his 
title. This, however, should not be considered authority for signing any part 
of the papers included in the accounts of any paymaster. 

(4) Applications to the Comptroller General of the United States, under the 
act approved July 31, 1894, for his decision upon any question involving a 
prospective payment, shall be forwarded through the usual official channels to 
the Navy Department for transmission to that officer. The above does not 

(9-2) 



CORRESPONDENCE 9~8 

apply, however, to a request for decision by the Comptroller General when 
an appeal is made by a paymaster from a disallowance appearing in the 
statement of differences. 

(5) Carbon copies. — In all offices of the Paymaster's Department, where out- 
going communications are addressed to or forwarded through another office of 
the Paymaster's Department, an extra copy on yellow-tinted paper should be 
forwarded with such communication for retention in the receiving office. 

(6) Where inclosures accompany communications a copy of such in closures 
on yellow-tinted paper should be transmitted if such inclosures are either 
prepared or copied in the sending office; otherwise the receiving office will 
prepare such copies as are required for its files. The method may be stated as 
follows : Where an office prepares a paper or makes a copy of all or part of the 
inclosures, it should at the same time prepare yellow-tinted copies for the 
office to or through which the papers are to be sent. The adoption of this 
method will largely reduce duplication of work. 

(7) Carbon copies of such communications, on white paper, should be sent 
to the officer, post, or office having interest in such correspondence. 

(8) Authorizing expenditures. — A written communication to authorize the pay- 
ment of public money, either directly or indirectly, as credits in an account must 
show official action by the actual signature of the proper officer having au- 
thority to sign, who may not delegate his authority to sign by the use of his 
typewritten name with the initials of a clerk or other officer signed thereunder. 
(26 Comp., 787, March 3, 1920.) 

Relating to Quartermaster's Department 

9-8 

(1) Materiel. — Communications from shore stations concerning materiel of 
the Quartermaster's Department intended for consideration at Headquarters, 
shall be addressed by the commanding officer or post quartermaster to the 
Quartermaster. 

(2) Personnel. — Communications concerning the personnel of the Quarter- 
master's Department shall be addressed to the commanding officer, and by him 
forwarded to the Quartermaster, for reference to the Major General Com- 
mandant. 

(3) From depots. — In relation to matters of the Quartermaster's Department 
intended for consideration at Headquarters, the assistant quartermasters in 
charge of depots of supplies will address all official communications to the 
Quartermaster, except as provided in article 9.-1. All official communications 
from depots of supplies intended for Headquarters will be forwarded direct 
to the Quartermaster. 

(4) Contractors. — Official mail matter addressed to contractors and other per- 
sons not in Government service will be sent direct. 

(5) Public bills for supplies and services originating at the several posts of 
the corps will be forwarded direct to the disbursing assistant quartermaster 
designated to pay them. 

(£-3) 



9-31 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

Seciion 2.— DISPATCHES 
General 

9-31 

When used. — The telegraph, telephone, cable, and radio will be used only in 
eases of necessity, in which the delay consequent upon transmission by mail 
would be prejudicial to the public interests. 

9-32 

To be brief. — Telegrams, cablegrams, and radiograms shall be brief and so 
worded as to be intelligible without the use of punctuation marks, if possible. 
When this can not be devised, the necessary punctuation in words shall be 
included in the message. 

9-33 

Night messages. — If a dispatch prepared in the afternoon will not be received 
at destination prior to the closing hour, it will be forwarded at night rates. 

9-34 

Confirmation. — All dispatches shall be immediately confirmed by mailing a 
carbon copy marked " Confirmation." 

On Official Business 

9-35 

The original telegrams, cablegrams, or radiograms on official business, 
prepared on the prescribed Government forms, or on commercial forms of the 
telegraph, cable, or radio companies rendering the service, and properly certified 
" Official Business," will be paid by the Quartermaster's Department, with the 
following exceptions : 

(1) Telegrams, cablegrams, or radiograms sent on official business by officers 
while in travel expense status will be prepared in duplicate, on Form N. M. C. 
123-QM, or in emergency on commercial forms, and will be paid for in cash 
from personal funds at the time of filing. Such telegrams, cablegrams, or radio- 
grams will be certified in duplicate over the officer's signature as follows : 
" Certified official business and paid in advance at Government rate in the 
amount receipted for below." A receipt in the following form will be entered 

by the officer concerned on each copy of all such messages : " Received 1 — 

$ , in payment of this message," The receipt of the telegraph, cable, or 

radio company will be obtained on both copies of such messages and the dupli- 
cate copy of the message will be filed with the officer's expense voucher prior 
to submitting such voucher to the Paymaster's Department for reimbursement. 

(9-4) 



CORRESPONDENCE 9~35 

(2) Messages pertaining to matters of a personal nature, or for convenience 
or in the interest of the sender, received at any post or station of the Marine 
Corps will not be transcribed to official forms and quoted to the interested 
person at some distant point in an attempt to place such message on an 
official basis. 

(3) Representatives of other Government departments stationed at Marine 
Corp posts or stations will not be allowed to use the official Marine Corps forms 
for the purpose of transmitting official, semiofficial, or personal telegrams, 
cablegrams, or radiograms to their respective departments, or to others, con- 
cerning subjects which do not pertain strictly to official Marine Corps business, 
and where the services rendered are not proper charges against appropriation 
" General Expenses, Marine Corps." 

(4) Telegrams, cablegrams, or radiograms sent by individuals not in the 
naval service for the convenience or in the interest of the sender, and the 
replies made thereto by telegraph, cable, or radio will not be transmitted at 
Government expense. Such messages will not be prepared on official forms, and 
when prepared on commercial forms will not be certified " Official business." 
Commercial messages should be sent prepaid and where a reply is desired, 
arrangements should be made by the person desiring the information to have 
such reply sent prepaid. Where the sender desires a reply, but fails to arrange 
to have it prepaid, or where such reply is sent on a commercial form " Collect " 
and the addressee does not receive such reply, due to previous departure or 
for other causes, the question as to the payment for the services rendered in 
such cases is one for settlement between the person desiring the information, 
the one making the reply, and the telegraph, cable, or radio company, as the 
Marine Corps does not act in the capacity of a collecting agency for such com- 
panies in cases of this character. 

(5) When an individual in the Marine Corps sends a telegram, cablegram, 
or radiogram making application for leave of absence, or extension of leave, 
or makes an inquiry of a personal nature or as to whether leave has been 
granted, such telegram, cablegram or radiogram will not be transmitted at 
Government expense, nor be prepared on official forms. Messages of this nature 
should be sent prepaid on commercial forms. The answers when strictly per- 
sonal, for the convenience or in the interest of the addressee should not be 
transmitted at Government expense, but should be prepared on commercial 
forms and sent il Collect." Messages of this kind will not be billed on public 
vouchers. Answers when addressed by proper authority to an individual in the 
naval service, either authorizing an extension of his leave or denying said exten- 
sion, are official business and should be transmitted at Government expense on 
the official Government forms. (Op. J. A. G., file 4400-347, 27 Sept., 1922.) 

(6) Telegrams sent "Collect" by private individuals, if strictly on Govern- 
ment business, may be paid for by the United States. 

(7) When an officer or enlisted man of the Marine Corps absent on leave or 
furlough applies to the proper administrative officer for an extension of his 
leave or furlough and that officer, not having authority to act thereon, tele- 
graphs the Major General Commandant, or such other properly authorized 

(9-5) 



9-35 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

administrative officer for the necessary authority, such messages are consid- 
ered official business, and should be paid for from the public funds at the 
regular Government rates. (14 Comp. Dec. 940.) 

Preparation of Dispatches 

9-36 

(1) Messages are subject in all respects to the prevailing commercial count 
of chargeable words, and the address and signature of domestic messages are 
transmitted free, in accordance with the commercial practice. (Post Office 
Dept. Order No. 4352, 1 July, 1920.) 

(2) The minimum length of a Government telegram is 10 words, not count- 
ing the address and signature; that is, from 2 to 10 words may be sent to a 
given point for the same charge as one word. Every figure of a number is 
counted as a word, and all numbers not expressed in code will be spelled out 
in the least number of words. For example, "1100," which is counted as 
four words, should be written "Eleven hundred." 

(3) For day letters, night messages, and night letters, 40 per cent of the 
prevailing commercial day-letter, night-message, or night-letter rate, as the 
case may be, between the same points in the United States, is charged. The 
minimum charge for any night message is 20 cents, for any night letter, 
30 cents, and for any day letter, 45 cents, except that the rate charged for a 
Government day letter or night letter shall not in any case exceed the amount 
charged for a commercial day letter or night letter of the same length between 
the same points. 

(4) Unless a telegram exceeds 10 words when written in ordinary English, 
it will not be enciphered, except for the purpose of secrecy. 

(5) In counting the words of telegraphic messages the following rules will 
be observed: Names of cities and places, when used in the body of messages 
to designate such cities or places, and words properly connected by a hyphen, 
will be counted as one word, numerals will be expressed in words and will not 
be counted as hyphenated words. Names of places and persons when given to 
things will be counted according to the number of distinct words in each. 
Names such as Van Voorhees, or St. Thomas, will be counted as one word. 
All words contained in the body of an official telegram will be counted. The 
name, title, and address of the party to whom an official telegram is sent and 
the name of the sender, when not coded or abbreviated, will not be counted 
and charged for, nor the name of the place from which sent, date, and the 
words |; Official Business," which should appear on each telegram. Except 
where satisfactory evidence is submitted, showing that payment has not 
already been made, and no charge will thereafter be made, in cases of loss 
or destruction of the original sent messages, no settlement with the telegraph 
company will be effected unless the original sent message covering the charge 
is attached to the bill presented for payment. 

(6) Whenever special delivery is necessary to expedite the delivery of an 
official telegram, or where the place of delivery is located beyond the estab- 

(9-6) 



COBHESPONDENCE 9~39 

lished free delivery limit, tlie officer filing the telegram should mark it 
•' Special delivery, charges paid." Special-delivery charges should be included 
in the bill of the telegraph company transmitting the telegram. If the ad- 
dressee lives at such a distance from the telegraph office as to make the special 
delivery charges excessive, and the delay will not be of a serious nature, the 

telegram should be marked: "By mail from ," indicating the name of 

the telegraph office from which the telegram should be mailed. 

Telegraph Bunks 

9-37 

Blank forms for official telegrams will be furnished by the Quarter- 
master's Department, with printed instructions thereon as to how payment for 
transmission of messages can be obtained. The words u Paid, Government 
rate," printed on blank must not be changed to read " Collect," as all telegrams 
must be sent as paid and the original sent messages forwarded with bill for 
payment except as otherwise provided for in this chapter. 

Addeesses 

9-38 

(.1) Telegrams, when intended for the Major General Commandant, United 
States Marine Corps, will be addressed " Marine Corps, Washington, D. C." ; 
for the Adjutant and Inspector, "Adjutant, Marine Corps, Washington, D. C." ; 
for the Quartermaster, " Quartermaster, Marine Corps, Washington, D. C." ; 
for the Paymaster, " Paymaster, Marine Corps, Washington, D. C." 

(2) Addresses to telegrams of other officials shall contain only such words 
as are necessary to insure prompt nnd certain delivery ; but neither code words 
nor abbreviations like " Marcorps," for example, shall be used in the address. 

(3) In the preparation of official telegrams, cablegrams, and radiograms 
on Form N. M. C. 123 at places other than marine barracks, the street 
and number address in addition to the name of the city, will be entered in the 
space opposite " Sent from " in order that the local manager of such company 
may have the complete address of the originating office to whom monthly bills 
will be submitted for the rendition of usual vouchers to cover such accounts. 

(a) Vouchers to cover such accounts will be prepared on the proper form 
by the local billing office of the telegraph, cable, or radio company rendering 
the service, in the name of such company, and, accompanied by the original 
messages, will be submitted to the proper disbursing assistant quartermaster 
for payment direct to such local billing office. 

Telephones in Peivate Residences 

9-39 

Government funds will not be expended for the installation of telephone 
service in any private residence or apartment (which includes public quarters 

(9-7) 



9-39 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

assigned to officers and others for use as private residences), or for tolls or 
other charges for telephone service from private residences or private apart- 
ments, except long-distance telephone calls required strictly for the public 
business, and so certified on vouchers covering the expense and approved by 
the commanding officer. 

Payment 

9-40 

(1) In settling accounts for telegrams which pass over lines of more than 
one company (bond-aided excepted), payment may be made on the original 
telegram to the initial company for the entire services. 

(2) The cost of telegraphic inquiries relative to stragglers or deserters, 
addressed to officers in the military or naval services, will be paid from Gov- 
ernment funds, provided the official records show that the men in question were 
actually stragglers or deserters at the time the inquiries were made. (1 Comp. 
Gen. 272.) 

(3) Questions arising in connection with the payment of charges for the 
transmission of telegrams, cablegrams, or radiograms which the disbursing 
officers concerned may consider prohibited, with regard to matters of a per- 
sonal nature, or for the convenience or in the interest of the sender, or mes- 
sages erroneously prepared on official forms, or collect messages erroneously 
certified official business, will be submitted to the proper administrative officer 
for instruction as to payment. 

Reference Number and Date 

9-41 

(1) In each official telegram, radiogram, or cablegram within the naval 
service, to be sent via Navy radio throughout, or to be so relayed and partly 
transmitted over land lines, an " office reference number and date " group shall 
be placed at the beginning of the text and a " time of origin number " group 
at the end of the text, such groups, however, being omitted from domestic 
telegrams to be sent from place of origin to destination over commercial land 
lines. The "office reference number and date" group ordinarily consists of 
four figures. The first two figures (first three, if five figures are used) shall 
be the assigned " office reference number " of the person or office originating 
the dispatch, the following numbers being assigned to the Marine Corps: 
office of the Major General Commandant, 86 ; Adjutant and Inspector's Depart- 
ment, 87 ; Paymaster's Department, 88 ; Quartermaster's Department, 89 ; 
commanding officer of marines on board ship, 10 or 86 as designated by com- 
manding officer of ship. The two final figures shall be the " date number," 
representing the day of the current month, days prior to the tenth being writ- 
ten as " 01," " 02," etc. The " time of origin number," i. e., the final group of 
the text, shall indicate the time of day the message is written in the office of 
origin, the latter being the office or place of the person directing the prepara- 

(9-8) 



CORRESPONDENCE 9~61 

tion of dispatch. The time shall be the civil time of the local meridian or the 
standard time of the local zone, as the case may be. The " time of origin " 
group shall consist of four figures, the first two figures being the hour of the 
day. numbered from " 00 M to " 23 " as reckoned from midnight to midnight, 
and the two final figures being the minutes of the hour as numbered from 
"00" to "59." 

(2) In referring to a dispatch, the first and last groups of its text, i. e., the 
" office reference number and date " and the " time of origin number," respec- 
tively, shall be quoted, with the addition of the word " your " or * my," as the 
case may be. Thus : u S603 Your S601 1250 Yes 0930 " means " This dispatch 
written 9.30 a. m. the 3d day of the current month answers affirmatively your 
dispatch written 12.50 p. m. the 1st instant." 

(3) In referring to a dispatch sent during a month other than the current 
month, add the name of the month after the " time of origin " group quoted. 
Thus: "8903 Your 8927 16-' f l June." 

(c) In merely acknowledging a dispatch, refer to the "office reference 
number and date " and " time of origin " number only, namely, " 8604 Your 
1^31 1200," that is to say. " This dispatch written at 12 noon on the 4th 
instant acknowledges your dispatch written at 2.31 p. m. on the 3d instant." 

Section 3.— FILE SYSTEMS 

Paymaster's Department 

9-61 

In the office of the Paymaster and each assistant paymaster the subjective 
classification of correspondence, based on the Dewey decimal system, shall be 
used in recording and filing correspondence. Paymasters on expeditionary 
duty or in the field should follow the same system as far as practicable, pro- 
curing the necessary instructions, code, etc., from the Paymaster. 



(9-9) 



9-71 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

Use of Official Envelopes and Labels 

9-71 

The following instructions will be observed when using official envelopes 
or labels for the transmission of official mail : 

The words "Navy Department," followed by the official designation and 
address of the sending office or activity, and thereunder the words "Official 
business," will be stamped or printed in the upper left-hand corner of the 
envelope or label, for example: 

Navy Department 
Office of the Commanding General 
Marine Barracks, Parris Island, S. C. 
Official Business 

In the upper right-hand corner of the envelope or label will be stamped or 
printed the penalty clause, i. e., " Penalty for private use to avoid payment of 
postage, $300," and nothing else. Where single line penalty stamps reading 
"Penalty for private use $300," are on hand, they may be continued in use 
until worn out. (C. M» O. M. 2.) 



(9-10) 



CHAPTER 10 



RECORDS AND REPORTS 



Muster Rolls 

10-1 



When and by whom rendered. — A complete muster roll will be rendered by bar- 
racks detachments, marine detachments of ships, hospitals, and legations, 
companies, recruiting divisions, and other similar organizations, and by other 
units as directed, for every month or fractional part thereof, if only one day, 
during which marines have been attached thereto; also by every officer who 
is not carried on the muster roll of an organization rendering a roll, but 
who is, for example, on duty at the Naval War College, Army War College, 
Army service schools, as fleet marine officer not in command of a marine 
detachment, as attache* at a legation, etc., the roll to be rendered by the senior 
where two or more officers are serving together under these conditions. 

10-2 

Period covered. — The muster roll will be prepared to include the last day of 
the calendar month, and must not cover a period involving parts of two months, 
differing in this respect from the instructions covering rosters. 

10-3 

The authority for the organization of a company, detachment, etc., will be en- 
tered on sheet 1, below the recapitulation on the first roll rendered. 

10-4 

When a station is abandoned, a ship placed out of commission, or any organiza- 
tion disbanded, a roll will be prepared and forwarded immediately, the final 
disposition of the entire personnel being shown thereon. 

10-5 

How written. — When practicable, muster rolls will be typewritten with black 
record ribbon and all entries on the roll made on the same machine. When 
handwritten, black ink will be used and all entries made by the same person 

(10-1) 



10-5 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

in a legible hand. The roll must be free from erasures and interlineations. 
No blank lines will be left between entries nor between the last entry in the 
column of remarks and the signature to the roll. 

10-6 

Each sheet will be headed by the full designation of the unit (company, battery, 
squadron, battalion, regiment, and brigade), location on the last day of the 
period for which the roll is rendered, dates covered by the roll, and all sheets 
consecutively numbered. 

10-7 

All rank headings will be placed at the extreme left of the "Name" column 
on the line immediately above the first name in each grade or rank; all other 
headings will be placed in the center of the roll. All headings will be under- 
scored, if practicable, in red ink. 

10-8 

Number. — In the " No." column the names in each grade or rank will be num- 
bered consecutively under each heading in the roll. 

10-9 

(1) Name. — In the " Name " column the surname will be placed first, followed 
by the Christian name in full and initials of middle names, if any. The same 
person's name will not appear twice on a roll, except in the case of a man 
who is discharged from and rejoins the organization by reenlistment, by 
transfer, or by acceptance of commissioned or warrant rank during the 
period covered by the roll. A man who has been transferred and rejoined, 
or who has deserted and rejoined during the period covered by the roll, will 
be shown in the body of the roll only. 

(2) In the case of reservists the name in each grade or rank will be entered 
in alphabetical order according to classes, the lowest-numbered class to be 
entered first. 

(3) The names in each grade or rank will be placed alphabetically under each 
heading in the roll according to the sequence of tlie letters of the surname, 
o. g., " Benson " before " Billings," " Bennet " before " Bennett," " Delmont " 
before "Delmore," etc. 

10-10 

(1) Date of enlistment. — The dates of enlistment will be entered in all cases 
of men joining, discharged, died, or deserted. The dates of enlistment will also 
be entered for purposes of identification when two or more names are similar. 
The figures of the day of the month will be entered first, followed by the first 
three letters of the month and the last two figures of the year, omitting punc- 
tuation marks, c. g., 30 Sep 23 ; 7 Jul 24 ; 16 Mar 25. 

(10-2) 



RECORDS AND REPORTS 10-13 

(2) In the case of reservists the enlistment column will show the date of 
transfer or assignment to, or enlistment in, the reserve. 

10-11 

(1) Leave or delay en route. — An officer detached from one station to another 
and granted leave en route or delay in reporting at his new station will, upon 
reporting for duty, inform his commanding officer of the inclusive dates of 
leave or delay which he may have taken. This leave or delay will be shown 
on the first muster roll submitted after the officer joins his new station, and 
immediately after the entry of facts pertinent to his joining. 

(2) The leave or delay is computed by deducting from the period between 
detachment and reporting for duty, the four days delay allowed under proceed 
orders and the actual travel time by the shortest usually traveled route. The 
day of detachment counts as a day of duty, and the day of reporting as a day 
of absence except when the hour of reporting is prior to the regular hour of 
quarters or the usual hour of beginning the day's work. 

10-12 

(1) Officers ordered to hospital. — When a marine officer is detached from duty 
aboard ship, or from points beyond the limits of the United States, and is 
ordered to a naval hospital in the United States, he will immediately after 
admission thereto report by letter, to the Major General Commandant, via the 
commanding officer of the nearest marine barracks (if on the west coast, the 
letter should be addressed via such commanding officer and the Commanding 
General, Department of the Pacific), stating the station from which detached 
and date of detachment, the authority, date and port of arrival, name of vessel 
and date of admission to hospital. Upon receipt of this letter the commanding 
officer of the marine barracks will take up on his muster roll said officer, with 
remarks that he reported by letter and that he was admitted to naval hospital, 
with date of admission. He will continue to carry said officer on the roll, 
whether in the hospital or on sick leave, until detached by the Major General 
Commandant, or by the Commanding General, Department of the Pacific. 

(2) When an officer is detached to the naval hospital, Washington, D. C, he 
will report by letter direct to the Major General Commandant, and he will be 
taken up on the Headquarters' muster roll. 

(3) Officers who are patients at any United States veterans' hospital will 
be carried on the rolls of the organizations to which they were attached when 
admitted to such hospital, unless orders for their detachment are received. 

10-13 

Remarks. — In the " Remarks " column the following data will be entered in 
chronological order, opposite the names of the persons concerned: 

(10-3) 



10-13 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

(1) Joinings. — Date joined, from what organization, and, if sea travel is 
involved, via what vessel, with date and port of departure and date and port 
of arrival. In cases of men first joining by staff returns, date of receipt of 
staff returns and subsequent date of joining in person. 

(2) Promotions and reductions. — Promotions and reductions of enlisted men, 
with effective dates. Promotions of officers, with dates of receipt of appoint- 
ments and commissions. 

(3) Duties performed by officers. 

(3a) The following flights performed by aviation personnel will be shown 
on muster rolls : 

(a) All flights not of a routine nature, made for a specified purpose 
and on order of authority higher than the commander of the post to 
which the aviator is attached. 

(b) All flights involving absence from regular station of 24 hours or 
more. 

(c) All flights involving travel expenses of the aviator concerned. 
(C. M. C. M. 6.) 

(4) Mail clerks, special duty and specialists. — Appointment or relief as Navy 
or assistant Navy mail clerk, with date. Detail on special duty (specific 
services which remove them temporarily from the ordinary duty roster of the 
post, detachment, or organization to which they belong), with duty and dates. 
Rating as specialists with class and date. The first muster roll rendered after 
a specialist is rated will show the class and date of rating; subsequent rolls 
need show only the class in which rated. When disrated, the muster roll will 
show the date of disrating. 

(5) Leave or furlough. — Inclusive dates of officers' absence on leave or delay 
and furlough of enlisted men. The day of departure counts as a day of duty 
for an officer, and the day of return as a day of absence, unless the return is 
before office hours, morning quarters, or the usual hours of beginning the day's 
work. 

(6) Leave or furlough to visit United States. — When an officer or enlisted man 
is granted leave or furlough on foreign station to visit the United States, the 
name of the conveyance with dates of arrival in and departure from ports in 
the United States. 

(7) Sick in hospital. — Dates, and designation of hospital (date of admission 
shown as a day of sickness, date of discharge to duty shown as a day of duty). 

(8) Absence from duty, own misconduct. — Navy Department General Order No. 
155, August 6, 1926, with dates. (Entry in every case of absence of an officer 
or enlisted man from duty due to own misconduct followed by the words 
" G. O. 155.") Commanding officers of posts receiving staff returns of men 
joining hospitals, under Navy Department G. O. No. 155, from points beyond the 
continental limits of the United States, will ascertain whether or not Navy 
Department G. O. No. 155 applied during voyage; if so, the remarks will so 
state. When a returned absentee claims to have been sick, absent, in addition 



(10-4) 



EECOKDS AND EEPOBTS 10-13 

to the entry of disciplinary action the remarks should state whether or not 
Navy Department G. O. No. 155 applies. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(9) Absence without leave or over leave. — AOL or AWOL in excess of 24 hours 
with dates (the number of days or hours comprising such absence should not 
be stated). If a man has been absent without leave in the hands of civil 
authorities, the entry on the roll will show whether he was convicted (sentence, 
if any), acquitted, or released without trial, with the nature of the offense. 

(10) Confinement. — All confinement, with inclusive dates, and status. 

(11) Trials by deck courts and courts-martial, with dates of trial and whether 
convicted, acquitted, or disapproved. Examples : 

13 DC Acquitted. 

15 SCM Disapproved. 

18 GCM Convicted. (C. M. C. M. 3.) 



(10-4a) 



RECORDS AND REPORTS 10-15 

(12) Restoration to duty, with date, when restored before expiration of term 
of confinement in a naval prison (or at a receiving ship or station designated 
as a naval prison), and if placed on probation, the date. 

(13) Date and nature of any battle, expedition, affair, or skirmish participated 
in by any officer or enlisted man, also date and nature of any injury received, 
incident thereto, during the period for which the roll is rendered. 

(14) Details for temporary duty on shore by marines attached to vessels, with 
nature and period thereof. 

(15) Detached or transferred. — Post, ship, or station to which detached or 
transferred with dates (when detached or transferred to or from a point out- 
side the limits of the United States, the name of the conveyance, port, and 
date of departure). Those transferred as general court-martial prisoners will 
be so shown. 

(16) Retirement, with date. 

(17) Resignation, with date effective. 

(18) Dismissal, with date effective. 

(19) Discharge, with date and reason for discharge, character awarded, good- 
conduct medal or bar, if any, and cause of retention if retained beyond the 
expiration of enlistment. (Where there is more than one cause of retention the 
number of days retained for each cause should be stated.) 

(19a) Assignment to Class III, Fleet Marine Corps Reserve, with date and 
area to which assigned. (C. M. C. M. 4.) 

(20) Death, with date, place, and cause ; whether G. O. 155 applies. The date 
and place of burial (giving number of grave, section etc.), or disposition of body. 

(21) Desertion, with date (date of desertion being the first day of absence 
over or without leave). 

(22) Enlistment canceled, with date and authority. (The cancellation of an 
enlistment dates from date of enlistment.) 

(23) Ditto marks, symbols, the remarks " Same as above," and other remarks 
signifying repetition of remarks in another entry shall not be used. 

10-14 

Temporarily attached. — Officers and enlisted men on detached duty will be car- 
ried on the roll of the organization with which serving, under the heading 
" Temporarily attached," and the remarks will show the inclusive dates so 
attached, the name of the organization from which temporarily detached, the 
duties performed, and if sea travel is involved, the name of the conveyance and 
dates and ports of departure and arrival. They will also be shown on the roll 
of the organization to which regularly attached as on detached duty with a 
designated organization. 

10-15 

(1) Change of station. — A change of station or designation of an organization, 
with dates, shall be shown on sheet 1. When a company leaves a post for 
expeditionary service, separate rolls for parts of the month are not required, 



(10-5) 



10-15 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

but the usual roll covering the full month will be prepared ; the note on sheet 1 
will show the dates of service at the station from which transferred, of embarka- 
tion, sailing en route, disembarkation, and of service at new stations during the 
month. 

(2) In the roll of a detachment on board a cruising vessel the locations of 
the vessel during the period covered by the roll will be shown on sheet 1. 

10-16 

(1) Signature. — The roll will be signed immediately after the last entry therein 
by the officer in command or noncommissioned officer in charge of the organiza- 
tion, or by the officer authorized by the Major General Commandant, or by the 
senior of officers serving separately, stating the rank and office as appropriate 
in each case. Officers and noncommissioned officers signing muster rolls will 
be held responsible for the correctness of entries appearing thereon. 

(2) The senior officer of every post, and of every organization not at a post, 
where the command consists of more than one company, shall have entered on 
the last sheet of every muster roll of the headquarters unit, immediately follow- 
ing the last entry on the roll, a list of the units composing his command (by com- 
panies, battalions, regiments, etc. ) , as of the last day of the period for which the 
roll is rendered, and a statement of changes of the composition of the command, 
by organizations, which have been effected during the period. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

10-17 

Forwarding. — Muster rolls of stations and detachments on the Pacific coast, 
the Pacific and Asiatic Fleets, Pearl Harbor (Hawaii), Guam, the Philippines, 
and Peking, China, will be transmitted through the Assistant Adjutant and In- 
spector, San Francisco, Calif. Rolls of all other stations or detachments shall 
be forwarded direct to the Adjutant and Inspector. In the lower left-hand 
corner of the signature sheet will be noted the date on which forwarded, and 
in case of detachments on board ships, the place from which forwarded. 

10-18 

Recapitulation.— In the "Recapitulation" printed on sheet 1 will be shown 
the distribution of the command on the last day of the period for which the 
roll is rendered, and the losses during that period. Men of the Fleet Marine 
Corps Reserve, Navy personnel, and other arms of the service will be shown 
under proper headings and on the provided or blank lines of the recapitulation. 

Rosters 

10-19 

(1) When a command or detachment of the Marine Corps en route from 
one station to another embarks on a naval or other vessel, the senior line 
commissioned, warrant, or noncommissioned officer of the detachment will 

(10-6) 



RECORDS AND REPORTS 10~21 

prepare a roster of the names of the members of the detachment. The 
roster will show the name of the vessel, the dates and ports of embarkation 
and sailing, and opposite each name the organization from which joined. 
The roster will be forwarded to the Adjutant and Inspector, Headquarters 
Marine Corps, on the eve of sailing, by a conveyance other than the vessel 
on which the detachment is being transported. 

(2) Upon debarkation a roster will be submitted showing the name of 
the vessel, date and port of debarkation, and opposite each name the organi- 
zation to which detached or transferred, and a report of any casualties. 

(3) In case of two or more similar names dates of enlistment should be 
given for purpose of identification. [Rosters may be prepared on muster-roll 
blanks or other available sheets. 

Reports of Transfers and Discharges 

10-20 , . 

(1) When made. — Report v of transfers and discharges of enlisted men will be 
made to the Adjutant and Inspector as they occur, by the commanding officer 
of marines. 

(2) Additional entries. — The following entries will be made on the report of 
transfers and discharges opposite the name of each man discharged: 

(a) Cliaiutfki* auJffleTT on dlScrWg e. 

(6) A-« fiotation of award (if^tmyt^of either a good-conduct medal or a 

g^^^wfRjfffft-tHedai bar. 
(c) The address after discharge. 

(3) The officer or noncommissioned officer making these reports will forward 
copies direct to the Quartermaster, the liliiyniiu i fec- r , and the pay officer of the 
ship or station .from which transfers are made. 

Record or Events 

10-21 

(1) When kept. — A record of events on expeditionary duty, advanced base 
duty, and in campaign, will be kept by each company and higher organization 
of the Marine Corps. Entries will be made daily, the day comprising the 24 
hours covered by the date and should form a concise history of military 
operations. 

(2) Arrangement— Ba.ch day's record will commence with a march table, or 
statement of the operations or location of the organization, including an ac- 
count of weather, roads, camp, health of command, etc., and a statement of the 
supply of ammunition and rations. This will be followed by a chronological 
record of events, including time and place of issue and receipt of orders and 
messages, with a copy or synopsis of contents. 

(3) Exactness. — It is of special importance that the exact hour and place at 
which movements are begun and ended, and orders or important messages sent 

(10-7) 



10-21 MARINE COErS MANUAL 

or received, be noted. After an engagement, the record of events will contain 
a report of losses and captures and will be accompanied by a sketch showing 
the positions of the command at the most important phases. 

(4) Each day's record will be attested by the commander and with attached 
copies of orders and messages sent and received, will be forwarded daily to 
the next higher commander, who, as soon as practicable after the receipt 
thereof, will forward it to the Major General Commandant. Commanders 
of units not components of a higher command will forward their records of 
events direct to the Major General Commandant. 

(5) Suspension of record. — Commanding officers of expeditions, advanced base 
forces, and marine forces in campaign are authorized to modify or suspend 
the preparation of the record of events if in their opinion the nature of the 
duty does not justify committing all or any part of the events to record, in 
which case the modification or suspension will be reported to the Major Gen- 
eral Commandant. 

(6) An extra copy of reports required of commanding marine officers in 
accordance with article 805, Navy Regulations, will be made and marked " For 
the Major General Commandant, United States Marine Corps." 

(7) In addition to the above there will be rendered periodical operations 
reports and intelligence reports. 

GRADUATION OF OFFICERS 

10-22 

(1) Official records. — Graduates from any class of the Marine Corps schools 
shall have the fact of graduation entered on their official record. 

(2) Navy Register. — Graduates will be indicated in the Navy Register with 
the note " Graduate Marine Corps School," followed by the course, as " Field- 
officers' course " or " Company-officers' course." 

Reports on Fitness 

10-23 

(1) Submission. — Reports on fitness of officers will be made at times other 
than March 31 and September 30 as follows : 

(a) Upon permanent detachment, or temporary detachment for expedi- 

tionary duty, of each officer. 

(b) Upon the relief of the reporting senior. 

(c) Upon the detachment of an officer from expeditionary duty. 

{d) Upon detachment from continuous temporary duty if six weeks 
or more. 

(e) Upon receipt of orders for examination for promotion. 

(f) Upon relief of an officer holding temporarily the position of a 

reporting senior who is absent for a period of six weeks or more ; 
the regular reporting senior will, in such case, exclude the period 
of absence from his report. 

(10-8) 



RECORDS AND REPOHTS 10-25 

(2) The officer reported on will, at the prescribed tnics, submit to his re- 
porting senior a fitness report form, on which the parts required of him are 
filled in and signed. 

(3) Aviation. — In preparing fitness reports of officers oh aviation duty com- 
manding officers w.ll note thereon the desirability of continuance on aviation 
duty of the officer concerned, giving particular consideration to his ability for 
either executive or command assignments in aviation. 

(4) Mailing. — Fitness reports shall be considered as strictly confidential com- 
munications (N. R. 137), but will not be forwarded by registered mail. They 
will be forwarded through regimental, brigade, and base commanders and 
commanding officers of marine barracks, for their information. 

10-21 

(1) Probationary officers. — All reports on fitness of officers of the Marine 
Corps holding probationary appointments for a period of two years will con- 
tain a statement under the heading " Remarks," whether or not the officer re- 
ported upon is recommended for retention in the service. 

(2) In the event that the reporting officer considers that the probationary 
appointment should be terminated, he will state his reasons therefor in full 
and will refer the entire report to the officer concerned for statement, which 
statement will be forwarded to Headquarters with the report. 

(3) The above does not preclude commanding officers from recommending at 
any time the revocation of a probationary appointment, but before forwarding 
such a recommendation a copy will be furnished the officer concerned for state- 
ment, and such statement shall in every case accompany the recommendation 
for revocation of appointment. 

(4) Fitness reports on probationary second lieutenants shall be fully completed 
with arithmetical markings and expression of opinions regard! ess of the length 
of time which such officers may have served under the reporting officer's com- 
mand. (C. M. C. M. 5.) 

(5) Upon the examination of those officers at the expiration of their proba- 
tionary period it is particularly enjoined upon them and their reporting seniors 
to prepare and transmit fitness reports covering the latest practicable date prior 
to the examination. (C. M. C. M. 5.) 

10-25 

(1) Quartermaster sergeants, master tec/mica/ sergeants, and supply sergeants. — 
Reports on fitness and qualifications of quartermaster sergeants, Quartermaster's 
Department, master-technical sergeants, and supply sergeants, shall be made on 
Form N. M. C. 712 by the accountable officer under whom they are serving on 
the last day of June and December of each year, also when such noncom- 
missioned officers are transferred, promoted, reduced, discharged, or any other 
change in their status occurs, in which case appropriate notation will be made 
on the reverse side of the form. These reports will be made in the handwriting 
of the reporting officer and promptly forwarded to the Quartermaster. (C. 
M. C. M. 4.) 

(10-9) 



10-25 MARINE CORPS MAKUAL 

(2) Other noncommissioned officers. — Reports on fitness and qualifications of 
all sergeants major, first sergeants, gunnery sergeants, and staff sergeants shall 
be made on Form N. M. C. 652b by the officer under whom they are immediately 
serving. Reports will be submitted on March 31 and September 30 of each 
year to the Major General Commandant direct (not through official channels), 
and also upon the transfer of such men, or the detachment of the reporting 
officer occurring more than three months after the rendition of last report, and 
upon discharge. These reports will be rendered in the handwriting of the 
reporting officer and will be considered as of a confidential nature. They will 
not be forwarded by registered mail. (C. M. C. M. 4.) 

Punishments 

10-26 

(1) Register of punishments.- — The commanding officer of marines shall cause 
a register of all punishments inflicted by him to be kept. 

(2) Punishments inflicted upon commissioned officers shall be reported without 
delay to the commandant of the station and to the Major General Commandant 
of the corps. 

Report of Address 

10-27 

(1) On leave or delay. — An officer of the Marine Corps, when making appiica- 
lion to the Major General Commandant for leave of absence or delay in report- 
ing at his new station, shall state in his application for leave or delay his 
prospective address while on such leave or delay and shall keep the Major 
General Commandant advised promptly of any change in this address. (C. M. 
C. M. 2.) 

(2) While delaying on proceed orders. — An officer who takes advantages of any 
delay allowed him on " proceed " or " proceed without delay " travel orders will 
leave at his last station his telegraphic and mail addresses during the delay 
period. 

(3) Retired officers of the Marine Corps shall report any change of residence 
to the Major General Commandant. This is in addition to the report of address 
which article 134. Navy Regulations, requires shall be made prior to December 
20 of each year. (C. M. C. M. 5.) 



(10-10) 



RECORDS AND REPORTS 10-28 

Reports of Arrival and Departure of Officers 
10-28 

(1) Officers will not telegraph to the Major General Commandant or the com- 
manding general Department of the Pacific the information that they have 
arrived- in or departed from the United States, except when the arrival is made 
on a commercial vessel. 

(2) Arrivals and departures of officers will be reported as set forth below : 
(a) Officers arriving by Government vessel on the east coast will make no 

report to the Major General Commandant. (C. M. C. M. 4.) 

(&) Officers arriving at San Francisco will report in person to the command- 
ing general Department of the Pacific, San Francisco. 

(c) Officers traveling on commercial vessels at their own expense by choice, 
whether on leave or under orders, will upon arrival in the United States at 
other places than San Francisco report their arrival and address by prepaid 
telegram to the Major General Commandant or the commanding general De- 
partment of the Pacific, as may be appropriate. 

(d) Officers ordered to travel by first available transportation will upon 
arrival in the United States at other places than San Francisco aboard a com- 
mercial vessel report their arrival and address by telegram at Government 
expense to the Major General Commandant or the commanding general Depart- 
ment of the Pacific, as may be appropriate. 

(0) Officers departing from the United States under orders will, just prior to 
embarkation, mail Form N. M. C. 332d, A and I, to the Major General Comman- 
dant or the commanding general Department of the Pacific, as may be 
appropriate. 

^3) The commanding officer of troops aboard each transport operating be- 
tween the West Indies and the United States will immediately upon departure 
from the last port of call in the West Indies radio the Major General Com- 
mandant the names, rank, and status of every marine officer aboard. 

(4) The commanding general department of the Pacific will report by tele- 
gram to the Major General Commandant the names, rank, and status of all 
marine officers reporting their arrival to his department in compliance with 
this article. 



(10-10a) 



RECORDS AND REPORTS 10-32 

Arrival Within Continental Limits of the United States 

10-29 

When a man arrives within the continental limits of the United States from 
a foreign station and does not disembark on the date of arrival, the date of his 
arrival will be entered in his service-record book by his commanding officer. 

Time Lost 

10-30 

(1) Time lost by a marine by reason of unauthorized absence or confinement as 
defined in article 28-2 (15) (a and c) ^viU be^entgred on page 24 of his service- 
record book. A man is not required/W permitted to make good time so lost. 

(2) Time lost by a marine under Navy Department General Order No. 155, Au- 
gust 6, 1926, will also be recorded on page 24 of his service-record book. For veri- 
fication of the time so lost the health record should be consulted. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

Assistant Adjutant and Inspector, San Francisco 
10-31 

(1) Jurisdiction. — The assistant adjutant and inspector, San Francisco, Calif., 
will have supervision of all reports, returns, muster rolls, staff returns, court- 
martial memoranda, etc., which are required to be submitted to the Major 
General Commandant, or to the Adjutant and Inspector, by the posts and 
detachments in the Department of the Pacific and Asia, and detachments 
serving on board vessels in the Pacific. 

Commanding officers of ships, posts, and detachments are requested to for- 
ward such papers via the assistant adjutant and inspector, United States 
Marine Corps, . San Francisco. Such papers will be carefully examined by 
that officer, and should any errors not of a trivial nature be discovered therein 
they will be returned for correction. When they have been properly prepared 
and the necessary information has been compiled therefrom, they will be 
forwarded without delay to the proper office. 

(2) Commanding officers of posts and detachments in the Department of the 
Pacific and Asia, and detachments serving on board vessels in the Pacific 
will forward an information card (Form N. M. C. 906) to the assistant adjutant 
and inspector, San Francisco, in the case of each marine who joins from a 
post or detachment which does not forward reports, muster rolls, staff returns, 
etc., via the assistant adjutant and inspector, San Francisco, as required by 
the preceding paragraph. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

Disposition of Records When Organization Discontinued 

10-32 

(1) When a post or station is abandoned, or an organization, detachment, or 
guard is disbanded, all records, reports, etc., not otherwise provided for, will 
be disposed of in the following manner : 

(10-11) 



10-32 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

(a) The files and records of the paymaster's department will be forwarded 
to the Paymaster, Marine Corps, Headquarters, Washington, D. C. ; except 
that those on the west coast will be forwarded to the Assistant Paymaster, 
Marine Corps, San Francisco, Calif. 

(6) The files and records of the quartermaster's department will be for- 
warded to the Quartermaster, Marine Corps, Headquarters, Washington, D. C. 

(c) All other files, records, reports, etc., will be forwarded to the Adjutant 
and Inspector, Marine Corps Headquarters, Washington, D. C, who will trans- 
fer to the Paymaster and the Quartermaster such parts as pertain to their 
departments. 

Correction of Papers 

10-33 

(1) The use of acids or chemical preparations (ink eradicator) for the 
purpose of making erasures is prohibited. 

(2) Necessary changes or corrections in papers of any character that have 
been signed or certified are to be made in the following manner : That portion 
necessary to be erased shall be lined out leaving such portion legible, if pre- 
viously so, and the words, figures, or other characters necessary to take the 
place of those lined out shall be written in above. No attempt shall be made 
to conceal the fact of erasure or the matter erased. Such changes or erasures 
as are of sufficient importance, or those involving change in meaning or 
amounts stated, should be accompanied by the initials of the person making 
them, in his handwriting, in such form as to be recognized by persons familiar 
with his signature. 

Reports, Paymaster's Department 

10-41 

The Paymaster to the Major General Commandant: Annual report, in writ- 
ing, relative to the condition and requirements of his department, together 
with such recommendations as he may deem appropriate. 

10-42 

(1) The following reports will be made by officers and special disbursing 
agents of the paymaster's department to or through the Paymaster. 

ANNUALLY 

(a) Report covering receipts and expenditures during fiscal year, unexpended 
balance on June 30, deposits made in cash or by checkage on rolls, deposits 
and interest repaid, organizations 1 and detachments paid, including method of 
payment, suggestions and recommendations. 

QUARTERLY 

(b) Rescinded. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(c) Report covering payments made to specialists, cooks, mes&mjen*._jLnd 
Navy mail clerks for months of January, April, July, and October of each year. 

(10-12) 



KECOKDS AND EEPORTS 10~42 

QUARTERLY 

(&) Report of pay-roll clerks, showing what rolls prepared, number of ac- 
counts, etc., and degree of proficiency in the preparation of pay rolls. 

(c) Report covering- payments made to specialists, cooks, messmen, and 
Navy mail clerks for months of January, April, July, and October of each 
year. 

MONTHLY 

(d) Report of payment of pay rolls will be made by letter by regularly 
established offices in the United States only. These will show only a list of the 
rolls paid, with the date of payment in person by the paymaster, or the date 
of transmission of check or funds in settlement in cases where payments are 
not made in person by the paymaster. 

(e) Meji— fcransf erred during the month receiving more than the minimum 
pay of their grades and who have balances due or overpaid from last account. 
(Form N. M. C. 662, in duplicate.;) 

(f) Repayment of deposits and accrued interest. (Form N. M. C. 438, in 
duplicate.) 

(g) To the Bureau of Navigation: Report showing number of enlisted men 
United States Navy at each station or post, according to class, who are being- 
paid a subsistence allowance. 

(7i) To the Quartermaster: Monthly report on Form N. M. O. 836 of 
expenditures made by the Paymaster's Department, Marine Corps, chargeable 
to " General Expenses, Marine Corps." 

SEMIMONTHLY 

(i) Report on the 15th and last day of each month of all changes in 
personnel. This report will be made whether or not there are any changes. 

{j) All of the reports above mentioned should be submitted to the Paymaster 
as early as practicable after the period covered by the report. 

(fc) When two or more copies of the same report are forwarded separately 
to different offices or officers, a notation will be made on each copy that it 
is a copy, and of the disposition of the others for the information and guidance 
of such office or officer. 



UO-13) 



EE COEDS AND BEPOETS 10-51 

MONTHLY 

(d) Report of payment of pay rolls will be made by letter by regularly 
established offices in the United States only. These will show only a list of 
the rolls paid, with the date of payment in person by the paymaster, or the 
date of transmission of check or funds in settlement in cases where payments 
are not made in person by the paymaster. 

(e) Rescinded. (C. M. C. M. 5.) 

(f) Repayment of deposits and accrued interest. (Form NMC 438, in 
duplicate.) 

(g) To the Bureau of Navigation: Report showing number of enlisted men 
United States Navy at each station or post, according to class, who are being 
paid a subsistence allowance. 

(h) To the Quartermaster: Monthly report on Form NMC 836 of expendi- 
tures made by the Paymaster's Department, Marine Corps, chargeable to 
"General Expenses, Marine Corps." 

(0 Report on the last day of each month of all changes in personnel. This 
report will be made whether or not there are any changes. 

(2) All of the reports above mentioned should be submitted to the Paymaster 
as early as practicable after the period covered by the report. When two or 
more copies of the same report are forwarded separately to different offices or 
officers, a notation will be made on each copy that it is a copy, and of the 
disposition of the others for the information and guidance of such office or 
officer. 

Repokts, Headquabtebs Marine Corps 
10-51 

(1) In future each of the following will submit through official channels to 
Headquarters, Marine Corps, as soon as practicable after June 30 each year, 
a report of the activities of his organization during the fiscal year ended that 
date: 

Heads of staff departments. 

Commanding General, Department of the Pacific. 

Commanding officers of Marine Corps posts and detachments, including 

ships' detachments. 
Brigade commanders. 

Commanding officers of expeditionary forces. 
Commanding officers of other organizations serving separately. 

(C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(2) A similar report will be submitted when an organization is disbanded, 
or its status is so changed as to take it out of the above list. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 



(10-13) 



10-61 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

Disposition of Useless Papers 

10-61 

(C. M. C. M. 6) 

(1) When it becomes desirable to reduce accumulations of routine records and 
papers in the files of Marine Corps organizations, papers that are more than two 
years old from the date of the last indorsement thereon, not needed or useful in 
the transaction of current business and without permanent value or historical 
interest, will be listed, in triplicate, according to general subject matter, with 
statement as to each class of records, whether originals or carbon copies, period 
of time covered by the papers of each class, the approximate number in each 
class and how arranged (whether loose, bound, separated by subject matter, 
or boxed, etc.), with the approximate weight of records and size of containers, 
and the lists submitted to Headquarters with recommendation as to each cate- 
gory. 

(2) Commanding officers of organizations will combine lists of useless 
papers from subordinate units into one report. 

(3) The Paymaster and the Quartermaster will forward the lists of the 
offices of assistant paymasters and assistant quartermasters, respectively, and 
will recommend thereon the final disposition to be made of useless records of 
these offices. 

(4) No records or papers of reference value to any activity should be in- 
cluded in these lists, nor any circular letter or other correspondence contain- 
ing instructions still in force. If any doubt exists as to the future value of 
a paper, it should be retained. Clothing records less than 10 years old and 
property, transportation, cash, baggage, and board and lodging records less 
than 5 years old will be retained. 






(1014) 



CHAPTER 11 



ORGANIZATION FUNDS 



Authobized Funds 

11-1 

Amusement funds for posts, regiments, and separate organizations, exchange 
funds, and company funds are authorized and are official. Other official funds 
(except those consisting of public money) will not be allowed except upon ap- 
proval of the Major General Commandant. 

Amusement Fund 

11-2 

(1) Only one amusement fund will be maintained at a post, except by authority 
of the Major General Commandant. 

(2) Sources of amusement fund. — The amusement fund will consist of money 
donated from the profits of exchanges, and receipts from games and entertain- 
ments, gifts, and other sources. 

(3) How expended. — Amusement funds may be expended upon the recom- 
mendation of the post, regiment, or organization council concerned, approved 
by the commanding officer, for the recreation and amusement of enlisted men. 
Expenditures for the benefit of individuals, or for the payment of services 
which are due to or should be supplied by the Government, or for articles 
which are obtainable from the Government, or for loans are prohibited. 

(4) Music. — Necessary music and instruments for Marine Corps bands and 
orchestras, not obtainable from the Government, may be provided from the 
amusement fund. 

Custodians of Funds and Property 

11-3 

(1) Custodian. — An officer appointed by the commanding officer will be the 
custodian of the cash and property of the amusement fund of the organiza- 
tion. The Government fund, " Recreation for enlisted men," is not included in 
such cash. 

(a) The exchange officer may be detailed to keep all of the accounts of this 
fund or some other officer may be so detailed. The exchange officer may be 
designated to keep the cash accounts and another officer appointed to account 
for the property. When the accounts are kept by the exchange officer they 
will form a part of the regular accounts of the exchange. 

(11-D 



H-3 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

(6) When the amusement fund is kept by an officer other than the exchange 
officer, such officer will keep all accounts and will be accountable for all 
property. 

(c) The company commander is ex officio custodian of the company fund. 

(2) Absence of custodian. — Should the custodian of an official fund be absent 
from the organization for any period beyond 3 days and less than 10 days, 
he will leave the fund with the officer acting in his place, taking a memo- 
randum receipt therefor. If the officer be absent for more than 10 days, he 
will regularly transfer the funds of which he is custodian to his successor. 

(3) Relief of custodian. — When a custodian is relieved he shall invoice to his 
successor and his successor will receipt to him for all funds, accounts, and 
vouchers turned over, specifying such as are missing, and using for the pur- 
pose a combined invoice and receipt. This invoice and receipt will be en- 
tered in the cashbook, copies being furnished the relieving and relieved officers. 

(4) Responsibility. — The custodian is responsible for cash and property com- 
mitted to his charge, and in case of loss or damage will be required to reim- 
burse the fund unless it appears by affirmative evidence that he has exercised 
due care and diligence. 

(5) Disbursing officers and their immediate subordinates or assistants of 
either the Paymaster's or Quartermaster's Department shall not be charged 
with the handling or custody of, or accountability for, any funds or property 
whatever other than funds or property placed in their hands by operation of 
law or regulations. (CM. C. M. 1.) 

Cash 

11-4 

(1) Deposit. — Official funds will be deposited in a Government depository, or 
when none is available in a national bank under the official designation of 
the fund, as for example, "The amusement fund, marine barracks, Quantieo, 
Va." and not to the credit of the officer who is custodian. 

(2) Check book. — The check book or check register will be kept as prescribed 
in Exchange Regulations. 

(3) Liabilities will be settled as promptly as possible. 

(4) Investigation of loss. — In case of loss of any funds, the circumstances will 
be investigated by the appropriate council, and a report made to the com- 
manding officer as to responsibility. 

(5) Removal of funds from organization. — Under no circumstances will official 
funds be removed from the post of the organization to which they pertain 
except when necessary to pay indebtedness or for deposit. 

Property 

11-5 

(1) Property purchased from the amusement fund or from the fund (Govern- 
ment) "Recreation for enlisted men" will be accounted for by the custo- 
dian of the amusement-fund property. 

(11-2) 



ORGANIZATION FUNDS 11-7 

(2) Receipts required.— The custodian will require receipts from responsible 
persons to whom such property is issued, and the latter will be responsible 
for the articles issued to them. 

(3) Surveys. — Property which has become unfit for use will be purveyed by 
the organization council, which will make recommendation as to disposition 
and responsibility. Approval of such recommendation by the commanding 
officer will be final, subject to right of appeal in cases of persons found re- 
sponsible for loss or damage. 

Audits 

11-6 

The council pertaining to each organization will audit the accounts and 
verify the funds pertaining thereto at the end of each month, upon the re- 
lief of the custodian and at such other times as it may deem necessary or as 
may be ordered by competent authority. It will inventory property every 
six months, at the end of June and of December, when the custodian is re- 
lieved, and at such other times as may be necessary. The inventory will be 
signed by the members of the council. The council will examine the sources 
from which and the methods by which the funds and property have accrued. 

Accounts and Records 

11-7 

(1) Inspection of. — The commanding officer will inspect the accounts of his 
organization at least once each month. 

(2) Cash book. — The custodian of an official fund will keep a cashbook in 
which the debits and credits must be supported by vouchers. The debit 
vouchers will consist of dated statements signed by the persons making the 
payments, and will be designated by consecutive letters. The credit vouchers 
may consist of canceled checks or commercial receipts, but the former must be 
accompanied by itemized bills or by dated memorandum statements showing 
for what purposes the expenditures were made. The credit vouchers will be 
numbered consecutively. Assets and liabilities will be entered in the cash- 
book immediately after the closed account. 

(3) Property account. — The custodian will keep an appropriate account of all 
property purchased from the fund, showing under each article the number 
on hand at last accounting, the number since received, and the number ex- 
pended. Entries will be substantiated by vouchers ; debit vouchers in the form 
of commercial receipts, or if such are not obtainable, or are filed with the 
cash account, certificates by the purchasing officer; and credit vouchers in the 
form of reports of surveys or signed receipts showing the disposition of the 
articles. The number of articles remaining on hand should agree with the 
inventory, and if any discrepancy exists investigation will be made by the 
auditing council. 

(11-3) 



H-7 MARINE COBPS MANUAL 

(4) Vouchers.— Vouchers will be filed flat, and will bear on the face a notation 
of. the name of the fund or account, the month and the number or letter. 
Each month's vouchers will be filed separately, or separated in the same file 
by a cover sheet appropriately marked. 

(5) Closing accounts. — The fund accounts (cash and property) will be closed 
at the end of each mouth and when the custodian is relieved. 

(6) Council proceedings. — The proceedings of each council shall be recorded 
by the junior member in an appropriate book and the record signed by the 
members. Upon the audit of cash accounts there will be filed with the record 
of proceedings or entered therein a certificate by the custodian of the fund of 
the amount on deposit, and included therein a statement that the bank and 
check records have been examined and verified, and the cash on hand counted 
by the council. 

(7) Record of proceedings submitted. — The record of proceedings of each coun- 
cil will be submitted to the commanding officer, who will decide on matters 
of disagreement in the council and will require that the records be kept as 
prescribed. Should the commanding officer disapprove the proceedings or 
recommendations, and the council, after reconsideration, adhere to its posi- 
tion, the subsequent action of the commanding officer shall be final, except 
in cases involving financial responsibility, which will be subject to appeal. 
The action in each case will be entered in the council record book. The com- 
manding officer will be responsible for expenditures approved by him which 
are not in accordance with regulations. 

(8) Destruction of records. — Records and accounts of official funds may be 
destroyed, unless reason exists to the contrary, when four years old if they 
have been inspected by an officer of the Adjutant and Inspector's Department 
and all irregularities have been adjusted. 

Post Farms and Gardens 

11-8 

(1) Land. — Commanding officers of posts at or near which suitable lands are 
available may set aside for post farms or gardens such ground as may be neces- 
sary for the production of vegetables or other products for the command. 

(2) Separate activity. — Post farms or gardens will be separate activities. 
Seeds or other necessary articles may be furnished by the post exchange, and 
surplus products not required for the enlisted men will be sold and the proceeds 
turned over to the post exchange. 

Disbanding of Organizations 

11-9 

Upon the disbanding of an organization the commanding officer will direct 
the closing of the official fund accounts and have them audited and will for- 
ward them, with all vouchers, to the Adjutant and Inspector. Funds and 

(11-4) 



OKGAlMiZATlON FUNDS 11-10 

property remaining on hand will be disposed of as the Major General Com 
mandant may direct. 

Detachment Mess 

11-10 

When the men of a detachment are on a commutation basis and organize a 
mess the noncommissioned officer in charge of such mess will keep a cash book, 
supported by vouchers, as required for official funds. The commanding officer 
of the post or station should inspect the accounts of the mess at the end of 
each month and when the custodian of the account is relieved. 



(11-5) 



CHAPTER 12 



■ ■ • 
EXCHANGE REGULATIONS 



PUBPOSE 

12-1 



(1) The purpose of Marine Corps exchanges is primarily to supply the en- 
listed men at reasonable prices with articles necessary for their health, com- 
fort, and convenience, not supplied by the Government; and, secondarily, 
through profits, to afford means for recreation and amusement. 

(2) The exchange is instituted and maintained for the benefit of the enlisted 
men, and this principle will be kept in view at all times and under all cir- 
cumstances. 

Establishment 
12-2 

(1) For any organization. — An exchange may be established for any organiza- 
tion of the Marine Corps upon the written application of the commanding offi- 
cer, approved by the Major General Commandant. Authority to approve the 
establishment of exchanges for organizations serving outside the continental 
limits of the United States is delegated to the commanding marine officer of the 
force with which serving. 

(2) Capita/. — When the establishment of an exchange has been authorized, 
the exchange council, with the approval of the commanding officer, will fix the 
amount of capital necessary, which may be raised by subscription among the 
enlisted men and officers or may be borrowed from the Headquarters Exchange 
funds, or such other source as may be approved by the Major General Com- 
mandant. 

(3) Designation. — Exchanges will be designated according to the organization 
to which they pertain, e. g., Post Exchange, Marine Barracks, Norfolk ; Second 
Regiment Exchange ; Fourteenth Company Exchange. 

(4) Features. — No features other than those herein enumerated will be in- 
cluded in an exchange without the approval of the Major General Commandant : 
(a) A store; (&) a restaurant; (c) amusements, including entertainments, 
reading, writing, and recreation rooms, library, and games; (d) athletics, in- 

(12-1) 



12-2 MARINE COEPS MANUAL 

eluding teams, prizes, and articles not supplied by the quartermaster's depart- 
ment required for athletic training and for sports; (e) barber, tailor, and shoe- 
maker services. 

Quarters, Heat, and Light 

12-3 

(1) Buildings. — Any available set of public buildings, or rooms therein, may 
be set aside by the commanding officer for the use of the exchange or, when the 
financial condition of the exchange will justify such a course, a suitable build- 
ing or buildings may be erected for the purpose. 

(2) If a temporary building is erected for the use of the exchange, or if such 
a building is constructed wholly or in part by the labor of troops, the use of the 
necessary transportation and such tools and building material as can be spared 
by the quartermaster's department is authorized. 

(3) Repairs and alterations to the exchange building will be made by the 
quartermaster's department when practicable. When the necessary and author- 
ized repairs and alterations can not be* so made, the expense thereof may be 
borne by the exchange. 

(4) Heat and light— The quartermaster's department will provide for the 
interior and exterior illumination of exchanges, and will also supply the 
exchanges with such quantities of fuel as may be certified to as necessary by the 
exchange officer and approved by the commanding officer. 

Commanding Officer 

12-4 

(1) Appoints exchange council. — The commanding officer will appoint the mem- 
bers of the exchange council, the exchange officer and assistants, the exchange 
employees, and the committee of noncommissioned officers. In making these 
appointments, he should take into consideration the knowledge, experience, and 
interest of the officers and enlisted men of and in the affairs of the exchange. 

(2) Responsible for expenditures. — The commanding officer who approves the 
appropriations of the exchange council will be held responsible for expendi- 
tures not made in accordance with regulations. 

(3) General administration. — The commanding officer will be responsible for 
the general administration of the affairs of the exchange and will require all 
regulations pertaining thereto to be observed. 

Exchange Officer 

12-5 

(1) Conducts exchange. — The affairs of the exchange will be conducted by an 
officer known as the exchange officer, who will be selected and detailed in 
writing by the commanding officer of the organization to which the exchange 

(12-2) 



7 



)6Hi 



EXCHANGE REGULATIONS 12~6 

pertains. The appointment by the commanding officer of eligible commissioned 
officers as assistants to the exchange officer in large exchanges is authorized. 

(2) Supervises subordinates. — The exchange officer will carefully supervise the 
conduct and duties of his subordinates in the exchange. He will frequently 
and at irregular intervals check their accounts, with a view both to verifying 
their accuracy and to detecting irregularities. 

(3) Custodian of records, funds, and property. — The exchange officer will be the 
custodian of the records, funds, and other property of the exchange^ and will be 
responsible for their safe-keeping and preservation. In the case of loss to the 
exchange, he will be required to show affirmatively that he exercised due care 
and diligence in the discharge of his duties in all circumstances connected with 
the loss, failing in which he will be required to reimburse the exchange for such 
loss. 

(4) Personally takes inventory. — The exchange officer will take personally such 
inventories of merchandise and other property as may be prescribed by the 
exchange council, with the approval of the commanding officer. 

(5) Acting exchange officer. — In the absence of the exchange officer and his 
assistants, their duties in the exchange will be conducted by officers acting 
in their places, detailed by the commanding officer, under such conditions as 
the commanding officer may prescribe. If the absence is to be for a period 
of more than 3 days and less than 10 days, the officer will leave the funds 
with the officer acting in his place, taking a memorandum receipt therefor. 
If the absence is to be for a period of more than 10 days, the officer will be 
regularly relieved and the funds and property transferred to his successor. 

(6) Upon relief. — When an exchange officer or assistant is relieved, he will 
invoice to his successor, and his successor will receipt to him for all accounts 
and vouchers turned over, specifying such as are missing, using for this pur- 
pose a combination invoice and receipt. This invoice and receipt will be 
filed with the final balance sheet of the officer relieved, copies being furnished 
the relieving and relieved officers, and to the Adjutant, and Inspector. 

* Attendants 

12-6 

(1) Selection. — The exchange officer will be assisted by a steward and such 
other attendants as the business may warrant. The attendants will ordinarily 
be enlisted men detailed from the command, but the employment of retired men 
or of civilians is authorized where the financial condition of the exchange justi- 
fies the expense, in the selection of whom preference will be given to retired 
and honorably discharged marines, other circumstances being equal. 

(2) Qualifications. — All attendants of the exchange should be men of excellent 
record and character. They should be without extravagant tastes and men 
who are able and satisfied to live within their means. 

(3) Bond. — The exchange steward will be bonded, and the other employees 
may be bonded, in amounts to be determined by the exchange council, but at 

(12-3) 



12-6 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

least sufficient to cover normal activities, with the approval of the commanding 
officer, the expense thereof to be borne by the exchange. 

(4) The exchange steward, if an enlisted man, should be a noncommissioned 
officer having the necessary business qualifications and knowledge of accounts. 
He should be of unquestioned integrity, have the character necessary to en- 
force order and discipline in the exchange, and possess the full confidence of 
the exchange officer in all respects. 

(5) Bookkeeper. — The employment of a bookkeeper independent of the stew- 
ard, and with no other exchange duties, is recommended where such a division 
of labor is practicable. Where no bookkeeper is employed the exchange stew- 
ard will keep the books of the exchange, under the supervision of the exchange 
officer. 

(6) Extra compensation. — Mess sergeants, cooks, and bakers and the ex- 
change attendants will be paid such extra compensation from the funds of 
the exchange as may be prescribed by the exchange council and approved by 
the commanding officer. 

(7) Responsibility of steward. — The exchange steward will be responsible to 
the exchange officer for the property of the exchange committed to his charge, 
and will be held pecuniarily responsible for any loss occurring in the ex- 
change due to a failure on his part to exercise due care and diligence in the 
discharge of his duties. 

(8) Relief of steward. — When the steward is relieved, an inventory of all 
merchandise and property in his charge will be taken, and his account will 
be closed. The new steward (and the relieved steward, if practicable) will 
be present when this is done. 

(9) Personal safes prohibited. — No attendant will be permitted to sell articles 
in the exchange on his own account. 

(10) Personal profit prohibited. — Neither the steward nor any other employee 
of the exchange shall have any personal profit in the purchases, sales, or any 
advantage of wastage or perquisites of any kind whatever. 

Exchange Council 

12-7 

(1) Personnel. — The exchange council will be a continuous body of not less 
than three officers, including the exchange officer, ex officio, and of such 
other officers as the commanding officer may appoint. If the number of other 
officers available is less than three, the commanding officer will himself be a 
member. In case the commanding officer is alone,, he will act as exchange 
cou^^il. Nava^ officers will not be ^appointed members of an exchange council, 
The e^jeLiange officer will not take part in the audit or in inventories,, but will 
assist the council by giving advice and information. 

(2) The exchange council will make recommendations regarding exceptional 
purchases, the compensation of attendants and employees, and make such other 

(12-4) 



EXCHANGE REGULATIONS 12~7 

recommendations as to the management and conduct of the exchange as it may 
deem appropriate. 

(3) The exchange council will be convened at any time at the call of its presi- 
dent or by order of the commanding officer. 

(4) Regular meetings.— On the 1st day of each month (or on the day follow- 
ing when falling on a Sunday or on a holiday), whenever the exchange officer 
is relieved and at such other times as may be necessary or advisable, the ex- 
change council will meet and proceed to audit the accounts and take inven- 
tories of cash, coupons, bills receivable, and merchandise. The monthly inven- 
tories taken in July and January will include all other property. 

(5) The exchange council may delegate the details of inventory, audit, and 
investigation of the affairs of the exchange to committees of one or more of 
its members, excluding the exchange officer, appointed by the president. The 
reports of these committees will be submitted to the full meeting of the 
council, and the council in accepting such reports adopts them as its own and 
becomes responsible for their accuracy. 

(6) The loss of collectible credits will be investigated and reported on by the 
exchange council, the report and recommendations of which will be forwarded 
by the commanding officer, with his recommendations, to the Major General 
Commandant, or, in the Department of the Pacific, the departmental com- 
mander, or, if serving in a marine brigade outside the continental limits of the 
United States, to the brigade commander for decision as to responsibility. 

(7) The exchange council will verify and certify all entries in the balance sheets 
submitted by the exchange officer. 

(8) The proceedings of the exchange council will be entered in the exchange 
council book, signed by the president and recorder, and submitted to the com- 
manding officer for his action. 

(9) Minority reports. — Members of an exchange council have the right to sub- 
mit minority reports, which will be entered in the council book, signed, and 
submitted to the commanding officer with the report of the council. 

(10) Disapproval of proceedings. — Should the commanding officer disapprove 
the proceedings or recommendations of the exchange council, or any part 
thereof, he will return the report, with his remarks thereon, for reconsidera- 
tion and further action. Should the exchange council after reconsideration 
adhere to its conclusions, and the commanding officer again disapprove, the 
action of the commanding officer will be final, except as to matters involving 
financial responsibility in which case the report of the proceedings will be 
sent by the commanding officer to the Major General Commandant, or, in the 
Department of the Pacific, the departmental commander, or, if serving with 
a marine brigade outside the continental limits of the United States, to the 
brigade commander, whose decision thereon will be final. The final orders in 
each case will be entered in the exchange council book. 

(11) Responsibility. — The members of an exchange council will be held pecuni- 
arily responsible for losses to an exchange due to negligence or lack of due 
care and diligence in the performance of their duties, The following opinion 

(12-5) 



12-7 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

of the Judge Advocate General of the Army, rendered February 24> 1915, Is 
quoted in this connection : 

POST EXCHANGES; SHORTAGE IN ACCOUNTS; RESPONSIBILITY 

Upon an examination of the accounts of a certain post exchange the In- 
spector General's Department found a shortage in the accounts for each month 
for the period from August 1, 1913, to June 15, 1914, aggregating $655.84. The 
accounts had not been kept in accordance with the requirements of the post 
exchange regulations, and it was evident that the loss might readily have been 
detected by proper auditing of the accounts by the members of the post ex- 
change council, as required by regulations. During the period mentioned the 
post exchange council took no inventory of the stock, notwithstanding the re- 
quirements of the regulations that such inventory be taken by them quarterly 
or oftener. 

Held, That post exchanges, being agencies of the Government, the duties 
imposed upon officers in the management of their affairs are as binding upon 
them. as any other duty to which they may be assigned under competent mili- 
tary authority; that when the property or funds of an exchange are lost 
through mismanagement or neglect of such officers, the least that can or should 
be exacted in the public interests is that they make good the loss; that this 
principle applies as well to members of an exchange council as to the exchange 
officer ; and that in the instant case it was the duty of the department in the 
public interest to direct the entry of stoppages against the pay of the several 
members of the exchange council and of the exchange officer, in equal sums, to 
cover the shortage. 

Committee of Noncommissioned Officers 

12-8 

(1) A committee of representative noncommissioned officers, appointed by 
the commanding officer, will be convened quarterly or oftener. This committee 
will be afforded all proper means for investigating the condition of the ex- 
change and will submit to the exchange council its views and recommendations 
in respect to the operations of the exchange. The recommendations of this 
committee will receive due consideration by the council, the action of which 
thereon will be reviewed by the commanding officer. 

(2) The reports of the committee of noncommissioned officers will be entered 
in the exchange council book immediately after the record of proceedings of 
the last meeting of the council and will be signed by its members. 

Stock and Other Property 

12-9 

(1) Orders for merchandise or supplies of any kind for the exchange will be 
given in writing, signed by the exchange officer, and a duplicate kept on a per- 
manent file. In case a telephonic order is necessary, a memorandum of such 
order, signed by the exchange officer, will- be kept. In cases of emergency, when 
supplies are required and the exchange officer is not present or available, a 
written order may be signed by an officer detailed for this purpose by the com- 

(12-6) 






EXCHANGE REGULATIONS 12-10 

nianding officer. In no case shall orders, however small, be signed or given by 
an attendant. 

(2) Inspection of supplies. — All merchandise and other property received for 
the exchange will be inspected by the exchange officer or his authorized assist- 
ant, or in case he is not available by an officer designated by the commanding 
officer, who will personally satisfy himself as to the quantity and quality of 
each article received, and certify to the facts on the face of the invoice. If 
no invoice is received a certificate will be prepared and signed by the inspecting 
officer. A rubber stamp of the following form should be provided : 

Invoice No , 

Invoice received 

Goods received 

Checked in 

Entered S. R 

Entered steward 

Bookkeeper 

Paid by check 

Voucher No 

(3) Purchases limited. — Supplies will be purchased only in sufficient quantities 
to meet the needs of the exchange for the immediate future. The amount car- 
ried will be governed by the proximity of adequate markets and the facilities 
for delivery to the exchange. 

(4) Merchandise in exceptional quantities will not be procured except upon the 
recommendation of the exchange council, with the approval of the command- 
ing officer. 

(5) The quartermaster's department is authorized to sell to exchanges such 
articles of clothing, rations (including ice), forage, furniture, and fixtures as 
may be needed and can be spared from the stock on hand. 

(6) Storeroom. — In exchanges where such a system is practicable, a storeroom 
should be provided, which will be placed in charge of an attendant as store- 
room keeper. 

(7) When a storeroom is provided the storeroom keeper will receive all 
stores of whatever kind that come into the possession of the exchange, and 
issue all stores to the several departments on written requisition in triplicate. 
These requisitions will be O. K'd by the steward, and when filled the original 
will be filed in the storeroom, the duplicate with the department receiving the 
goods and the triplicate with the person who keeps the accounts. 

Services 

12-10 

(1) The barber, shoemaker, and tailor services to enlisted men at all shore 
stations of the corps will be conducted by the exchange, and such enlisted men 
or other persons who may perform these services within such commands will 
be employed by the exchange upon such terms, including prices charged, as 

(12-7) 



12-10 MARINE COEP8 MA1TTJAL 

may be prescribed by tie exchange council, with the approval of the command- 
ing officer. 

(2) The barber, shoemaker, and tailor may be paid either a salary or a 
percentage of the amount of their receipts. Any other method will be subject 
to the approval of the Major General Commandant. 

Management 

12-11 

(1) All obligations will be paid as soon as practicable, to the end that the lia- 
bilities of the exchange may be at a minimum at all times, and the advantages 
of discounts obtained. 

(2) Price lists will be conspicuously posted in the various sections of the 
exchange. 

(3) A copy of the latest balance sheet, showing the exchange council's and com- 
manding officer's action thereon, will be kept posted in a conspicuous place 
in one of the exchange rooms. 

(4) Regulations. — A corrected copy of these regulations will be kept hung up 
at all times in an accessible place in one of the exchange rooms. 

(5) Rules of order will be prescribed by the exchange officer, with the approval 
of the commanding officer, and a copy thereof ported in each of the exchange 
rooms. 

(6) Gambling forbidden. — Gambling or playing any game for money, or any- 
thing of value, or raffling, is forbidden in an exchange. 

(7) The use of penalty envelopes will be limited strictly to the proper corre- 
spondence of the exchange, and will not be used in soliciting custom nor in the 
delivery of goods. Return penalty envelopes are not authorized. 

(8) Civilians not employed at a post will not be permitted to enter an ex- 
change without the authority of the commanding officer. 

(9) The presence of an attendant in the exchange will be required all day, 
and at night when at all practicable. 

Cash 

12-12 

(1) The exchange officer or authorized assistant will attend to all cash transac- 
tions in person, except routine cash sales and routine settlement of personal 
accounts receivable, and he will allow no employee to have access to the cash 
after it is turned in to him. A reasonable sum, for which monthly receipt 
will be taken, may be placed or left in the hands of the steward for the purpose 
of making change. 

(2) Removal of funds from station. — Under no circumstances will the exchange 
funds be removed from the station of the organization or post to which they 
pertain, except as may be necessary for the payment of obligations, for de- 
posit, or for the purpose of obtaining necessary change, 

(12-8) 



EXCHANGE REGULATIONS 12~12 

(3) Depository. — When not impracticable, exchange funds, except such amounts 
as may be reasonably necessary for routine transactions, will be deposited in 
a Government depository, or if one is not available, in a national bank. 

(4) Government checks may be cashed by the exchange officers for enlisted men, 
and will be cashed for marines discharged, if practicable, whenever such checks 
can not be cashed otherwise without expense or delay. No charge will be made 
for this accommodation. 

(5) Private checks may be cashed by the exchange for officers in amounts 
fixed by the exchange council, with the approval of the commanding officer, 
but not in excess of $25.00 in one day for any officer. 

(6) Payments of bills by check. — The exchange officer will not permit the 
attendants to pay the obligations or bills of the exchange and will, whenever it 
is possible, make payments of such obligations or bills by check. 

(7) A cash register should be provided for each department of the exchange, 
if practicable. All cash received will be placed in the cash drawer and the 
amount of the sale rung up. Where practicable the indicator of the cash 
register will be kept locked and the keys kept in the personal possession of the 
exchange officer. 

(8) The exchange officer will compare daily the sales as shown by the cash 
register with the sales as shown by the steward's daily report. 

(9) Cash turned in by steward. — The steward will turn in to the exchange 
officer the cash in excess of that authorized to be kept for change at the close 
of each calendar day's business, or at such other times^ approximating thereto 
as the commanding officer may designate. On days when unusual amounts 
are received, cash will be turned in to the exchange officer as many times 
as may be necessary in order to prevent a considerable accumulation in the 
hands of the attendants. At no time shall the total cash in the custody of the 
steward be allowed to exceed one-fourth the amount for which the steward 
is bonded. 

(10) Cash will not be left in the cash register or drawer overnight. — In ex- 
changes where the steward is provided with a combination-lock safe of such 
size and condition as to be reasonably secure against theft, such cash as may 
be in the hands of the steward for change, as provided in paragraph (1), to- 
gether with cash that is received between the hour mentioned in paragraph 
(9) and the close of business for the night, will be placed in the steward's 
safe, provided the total of such cash does not in any case exceed one-fourth 
the amount for which the steward is bonded. When cash is thus left in the 
safe of the steward overnight, all cash receipts so left will be turned in to 
the exchange officer as soon as practicable on the following morning. 

(11) In the absence of the exchange officer at any of the times above mentioned 
requiring the cash to be turned in, the steward will turn in the cash received 
to the officer of the day, or to such other officer as may be designated by the 
commanding officer, who will give receipt for same and be responsible for its 
delivery to the exchange officer. 



(12-9) 



12-13 MARINE- CORPS MANUAL 

Credit 
12-13 

(1) No credit. — All Marine Corps exchanges will be conducted on a strictly 
cash basis, extending no credit whatsoever for merchandise or services, except 
as provided in paragraph (2). 

(2) When credit is extended. — Exchanges established for troops serving in 
the field beyond the continental limits of the United States may, if it be a mili- 
tary necessity, extend credit, not exceeding one-half of one month's pay, to 
enlisted men, not more than one-half of such credit to be extended during the 
first 15 days of the month, and a reasonable credit to officers. At other 
places, men not in a pay status, applicants awaiting enlistment at recruit 
depots, men joining by reenlistment after having been separated from the 
service for a period of more than one month, may be extended credit by the 
exchange, on the written order of the commanding officer, for such toilet 
articles, barber, tailor, and shoemaker services as may be actually necessary 
for health and comfort. Such credit will be kept within a reasonable limit, 
the maximum to be fixed by the exchange council, with the approval of the 
commanding officer. Credit extended applicants at recruit depots may, if 
the enlistment is accomplished, be checked on the first pay roll on which the 
recruit's account appears. If the enlistment is not accomplished, the amount 
may be dropped as a loss if not collectible. 

(3) Services furnished prisoners gratis. — Where the services of the tailor, 
barber, and shoemaker are performed by enlisted men, employees of the exj, 
change, for enlisted men held in custody as prisoners not in a pay statusJwnTr- 
are awaiting a trial or final disposition of their cases, neither the exchange nor 
its employees will make any charge for such services nor for the actual cost 
of supplies or materials furnished in connection with such services. 

(4) Collections of indebtedness as above authorized of enlisted men to ex- 
changes will, where practicable, be made through the paymaster's department 
by checkages on pay rolls in accordance with instructions. The amount of 
indebtedness to an exchange shall not be collected until all stoppages for in- 
debtedness to the United States have been made and all forfeitures by sen- 
tences of court-martial, if any, have been satisfied. 

(5) Procedure for extending credit. — In cases where paragraph (2) is appli- 
cable, the following procedure will be followed: 

{a) At the beginning of a month, each officer rendering a pay roll will submit 
a credit roll (®s**^g) to the exchange officer upon which will appear the 
names of the enlisted men of the organization for which the pay roll is ren- 
dered who desire credit at the exchange, with the amount of credit approved 
for each for the month. Supplementary credit rolls will be submitted for men 
who join during the month subsequent to the submission of the credit roll. 
Where collections are made through the paymaster's department, the credit roll 
will be submitted in quadruplicate, one copy to be retained by the exchange 
officer as his authority for extending the approved credits, one copy to be re*- 

(12-10) 



EXCHANGE KEGULAlIONS 12-13 

turned immediately with a certificate of the receipt of copies, and at the close 
of the credit period of the month, which will be prior to the closing of the pay 
roll, two copies to be returned with the amount of credit extended to each 
man during the month entered opposite his name in the proper column. Of the 
two copies received by the officer rendering the pay roll at the end of the credit 
period one will be retained by him as his authority for making the proper 
checkages on the pay roll, and the other returned by him to the exchange officer 
with a certificate of receipt of copy. Where collections are made in cash, the 
credit roll will be submitted in duplicate, one copy of which will be retained 
by the exchange officer as his authority for extending the approved credits 
and one copy returned with a certificate of receipt of copy. 

(b) Officers commanding organizations for which pay rolls are rendered will 
submit to the exchange officer, in time to afford the latter opportunity to take 
the required action, a written notice ( Fuhip ' A ), in duplicate, of change in the 
credit status of any enlisted man of the command for which the pay roll is 
rendered, due to checkage, prospective checkage, confinement, trial by court- 
martial, transfer, discharge, death, retirement, desertion, or to any other cause 
within their knowledge. The exchange officer will retain one copy of this notice 
and will return one copy with certificate of receipt of copy. 

(c) The exchange officer will submit to commanding officers of organizations 
for which pay rolls are rendered written notice ( Fuini D ), in duplicate, of 
indebtedness to the exchange due to credit extended to enlisted men of the re- 
spective commands in all cases where checkage is required and which are not 
provided for on the credit rolls. One copy of this notice will be retained by the 
commanding officer of the organization and one copy returned to the exchange 
officer with a certificate of receipt. 

(d ) Officers commanding organizations for which pay rolls are rendered will 
be held liable to an exchange for loss due to extension of credit approved by 
them in excess of that authorized by regulations, or to failure to give due notice 
as required in paragraph (&), or to failure to make proper checkages on the 
pay rolls, or to enter indebtedness in service-record books upon due notice. 
The exchange officer will be held liable to the exchange for loss to the exchange 
due to the extension of credit in excess of that approved on credit rolls, or to 
the extension of credit of more than one-half of the authorized credit on or be- 
fore the 15th of the month, or to failure to enter the proper amount of credit 
extended on credit rolls, or to failure to give due notice of credit extended as 
required in paragraph (c), or to make the proper collection or claim upon due 
notice, as required in the instructions of the paymaster's department. 

(e) Where collections are made in cash a collection roll ( Ho ma n EH will be 
prepared for use on pay day, showing the amount of indebtedness of each man. 
Opposite the column of amounts due will be a column for each day on which 
collection is to be made, and as payments are made the amounts will be entered 
opposite the proper name in the paid column of the proper date. The totals of 
these columns will show the total amount of collections each day. 

if) Credit and collection rolls and credit notices will form part of the per- 
manent records of the exchange. 

(12-11) 



12-13 MAB1.SE OOKPrf MANUAL 

(g) Sales slips (J^snar*) will be used in all exchanges in the extension of 
credit to enlisted men not in good standing. 

(h) Sales slips will be initialed by the salesman and signed by the purchaser. 
In the cases of enlisted men not in good standing, they will show the approval 
of the commanding officer. They will be retained by the exchange officer as 
notes until the indebtedness has been satisfied, when they will be plainly 
stamped " Paid " and returned to the men if practicable, or, if not practicable, 
destroyed, except that when men are transferred such slips will be retained 
six months before being returned or destroyed. 

(«*) Sales slips received will be turned in by the steward to the exchange 
officer daily. 

(;) Coupons will be used, when practicable, for the extension of credit to 
enlisted men in good standing. 

(k) The procedure for collection through the Paymaster of amounts due 
on account of credit extended is set forth in Chapter 28. 

Accounts and Recobds 

12-14 

(1) How kept. — The accounts of an exchange will be kept in such form and 
in such detail as will enable the exchange officer, the exchange council, the com- 
manding officer, or an inspecting officer to obtain a full history of the transac- 
tions of the exchange, and to ascertain the condition of the affairs of the 
exchange at any time. 

(2) It should be kept in mind that transactions which are not recorded are 
not available for scrutiny in the absence of those actually effecting the transac- 
tions, and that therefore all essential matters should be committed to the 
records. 

(3) Removal of records from station. — The records of an exchange will not be 
removed from the station of the exchange except on the authority of the com- 
manding officer or the Major General Commandant. Upon the permanent 
closing of the exchange they will be forwarded to the Adjutant and Inspector. 

(4) The double-entry system of bookkeeping will be used in all exchanges, and 
the following books and accounts will be kept, except as noted : 

(5) Blotter, in which the exchange officer or his authorized assistant will 
keep in his own handwriting a rough record of all cash receipts and expendi- 
tures. The blotter may be omitted if such officer keeps the cashbook-journal 
in his own handwriting. 

(6) Cashbook-journal (WtfxrarG), in which will be kept a smooth account of 
all transactions. Entries will be made in separate columns, appropriately 
headed, according to the classification into which it is desired to divide the 
receipts and expenditures. The number of the check or voucher supporting 
each expenditure will be entered in the appropriate column. 

. 

(12-12) 



EXCHANGE REGULATIONS 12-14 

(7) Ledger, in which summaries of the exchange's debit and credit transac- 
tions will be entered. The ledger will be divided into two sections — the general 
and the petty ledger. The following accounts will be kept in the general ledger : 

(c) Amusements. — This is purely a loss account and will show on the debit 
side the total of all donations — either cash, merchandise, or anything of value — 
to amusements. The credit side will be balanced to " Loss and gain/' The 
total of the debit entries is the total as taken from the "Amusement " column 
on the debit side of the cashbook-journal. 

(b) Amusement rooms. — This account must not be confused with the "Amuse- 
ment account.'' This account covers the activities of the billiard room and 
bowling alleys and other forms of amusement from which revenue is derived. 
On the debit side will appear the total expenses involved in conducting this 
activity. On the credit side will appear the total of the business done (cash and 
credit), and the balance (red ink) debited or credited to the "Loss and gain" 
account. 

(c) Bills receivable. — (Due from enlisted men.) The debit side of the ac- 
count will contain the balance due under this head at the beginning of the 
period and the total of all sales on credit to enlisted men during the period, 
(This last entry is the total of the column headed "Bills receivable" on the 
debit side of the cashbook-journal.) The credit side will show the total of 
all cash receipts under this head during the period. This is total of column 
headed " Bills receivable " on credit side of cashbook-journal. The credit 
side will also show (in red) the balance due under this account, which balance 
must agree with the schedule of bills receivable filed with the balance sheet. 

(d) Cash. — This account will contain on the debit side the cash balance on 
hand at the beginning of the month or other accounting period ; also the sum of 
all items of cash received during the period (this is total of cash column on 
debit side of cashbook-journal). The credit side will contain the sum of all 
items of cash actually paid out during the period (this is total of cash column 
on credit side of cashbook-journal) ; also (in red ink) the amount of cash 
remaining on hand at the end of the accounting period. 

(e) Coupons. — On the debit side of this account will appear the amount of 
coupons on hand at the beginning of the period ; also the amount of coupons re- 
ceived and redeemed. The credit side will show the amount of coupons issued 
-during the period. The balance (red ink) will show the amount of coupons out- 
standing at the end of the period. 

(/) Exchange account. — This account will show the value of the exchange. 
On the debit side will be entered the net loss, if any, and (in red ink) the 
present worth. On the credit side will be entered the value at the beginning 
of the period and the net gain, if any. 

(g) Expense. — This account will contain on the debit side the total of all 
items of expense incurred during the period. The following items properly 
belong to this account; Compensation of attendants, bonding employees, insur- 
ance, books, stationery and ice, for use in exchange, and transportation charges 
only when the transportation involved is on an item belonging to this account 

(12-13) 



12-14 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

The debit entry will be the total of the expense column debit side of cashbook- 
journal. The credit side of expense account will contain a red-ink entry " Loss 
and gain," of the same amount that is shown on the debit side. 

(h) Interest and discount. — This account shows on the credit side the total 
of all items of interest received on deposits, and all items of discount ac- 
tually taken on paid bills. This entry is the total of interest and discount 
column on credit side of cashbook-journal. The debit side shows in red the 
same amount to "Loss and gain." 

(0 Loss and gain. — The debit side of this account will contain the total of 
the loss and gain column of the cashbook-journal, the items of that column 
showing the character of the losses sustained in conducting the business. The 
credit side will contain the total of the loss and gain column on the credit side 
of the cashbook-journal, this column showing the character of the gains during 
the period covered. In addition, the profit in merchandise or property is entered 
on the credit side, or in case of a loss therein as shown by the inventory such 
loss is entered on the debit side. The balance (in red) of this account, showing 
the net loss or net gain, is entered on the side necessary to balance. If this 
balance is on the credit side it is a net loss, if on the debit side it is a net gain. 
The net loss or net gain is carried to the "Exchange account" (in red ink). 

(;) Merchandise. — Tbis account will contain on the debit side the total of 
the merchandise (cost value) on hand as shown by the inventory at the begin- 
ning of the month or accounting period ; also the total of all amounts, including 
any transportation charge on merchandise (this is total of merchandise column 
on debit side of cashbook-journal). The debit side also will contain (in red 
ink) the profit on merchandise during the period. The credit side will contain 
the amount of merchandise sold (selling value) during the period, and the cost 
value of all merchandise expended, returned to dealer, or transferred to other 
accounts (this is total of merchandise column on credit side of cashbook- 
journal) ; also the inventory (cost value) of merchandise on hand at end 
of period (in red ink). 

(k) Property. — This account will show transactions in all items concerning 
property of the exchange which is not carried for sale. The account will show 
on the debit side the value of all property on hand at the beginning of the ac- 
counting period ; also the value of all property received during the period ; the 
amount (if any) of any increase in value during the period, such as a sale at a 
higher amount than the paper value. On the credit side will appear the value 
of all property expended ; the amount realized from the sale of property ; the 
amount of depreciation during the period; and (in red ink) the value of the 
property on hand at the end of the period. 

(I) Barber. — This is an impersonal account and must not be confused with 
the personal account of the employee who performs the services. On the debit 
side will appear the total expenses involved in conducting this activity. 
On the credit side will appear the total of the business done (cash and credit), 
and the balance (red ink) debited or credited to the "Loss and gain " account. 

(m) Shoemaker. — This is an impersonal account and must not be confused 
with the personal account of the employee who performs the services. 

(12-14) 



EXCHANGE KEGULATIONS 12-14 

On the debit side will appear the total expenses involved in conducting this 
activity. On the credit side will appear the total of the business done (cash 
and credit), and the balance (red ink) debited or credited to the "Loss and 
gain" account. 

(») Tailor. — This is an impersonal account and must not be confused with 
the personal account of the employee who performs the services. On the debit 
side will appear the total expenses involved in conducting this activity. On 
the credit side will appear the total of the business done (cash and credit), 
and the balance (red ink) debited or credited to the "Loss and gain" account. 

(o) Accounts payable. — On the debit side will be entered the total of all pay- 
ments made by the exchange to dealers (this is the total of accounts payable 
column on debit side of cashbook- journal). The credit side will show the bal- 
ance (if any) owed by the exchange to dealers or firms at the beginning of the 
period, also the total of purchases made by the exchange and total of all other 
bills incurred by the exchange, whether paid during the period or not (this is 
the total of "Accounts payable" column on credit side of cashbook- journal). 
The balance of this account (red ink) should agree with total of " Schedule of 
accounts payable" filed with balance sheet. 

(p) Accounts receivable. — The debit side of this account will show the balance 
due the exchange under this head at the beginning of the period ; the total of all 
credit sales to officers (this total is the total of accounts receivable column on 
debit side of cashbook-journal). The credit side will show the total of all pay- 
ments on account made by officers during the period and (in red) the balance 
due the exchange under this head. 

(q) Surveys. — Damaged merchandise or property, except perishable articles, 
will be brought before the exchange council for survey, and the report of the 
action taken will be signed by a member of the council. 

(8) The petty ledger will contain accounts with every firm or individual with 
whom the exchange has any dealings. This includes all employees and attend- 
ants. The debit side will contain, first, any amount that may be owed to the 
exchange by such firm or any individual at the beginning of the period. The 
debit side will also show all payments made to the firm or individual concerned 
as shown by the cashbook-journal. The credit side will show first the amount 
owed to the firm or individual at the beginning of the period, for merchandise, 
services, or anything else. The credit side will also show all transactions 
wherein the firm or individual concerned has furnished or supplied the exchange 
with merchandise, services, or anything else of value. The balance of each 
account (in red ink) will show, if such balance is entered on the debit side, the 
amount the exchange owes that person at the end of the period ; if the balance 
appears on the credit side, the amount the person or firm owes the exchange. 

(9) Invoices. — There will be entered on the face of invoices the inspector's 
certificate, the selling price of each group of articles, the total selling value, 
and the account or accounts, with the amount of each, to which debited. In- 
voices will be numbered serially by months, and the number of each invoice 
will be entered opposite the debit in the ledger accounts. 

(12-15) 



12-14 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

(10) Vouchers. — Vouchers will be required for all cash expenditures. Paid 
checks will be accepted as vouchers for expenditures where the accounts show 
the purpose for which the expenditures were made. When bills are not paid by 
check, commercial receipts or receipted bills will be required. Vouchers will be 
plainly numbered by months, and the voucher number entered opposite each 
expenditure entered in the cashbook-journal. 

(11) Separate permanent flat files will be kept for invoices, vouchers (except 
paid checks), inventories, balance sheets, steward's daily reports, credit rolls 
and notices, and collection rolls, on which these records will be filed in order. 

(12) Steward's daily reports. — The exchange officer will require the steward 
to submit to him daily ( gwm 1 IJ r) a report of each day's business, showing the 
sales and services for cash, coupons, and on credit, the cash on hand last report, 
cash since received, cash turned in and remaining on hand, merchandise on 
hand last report, since received, sold, returned, and expended or transferred, 
and merchandise remaining on hand, and coupons on hand last report, since 
received, since issued, and books remaining on hand. These reports will be 
prepared and submitted, whether or not any business was transacted, examined, 
and, if found correct, certified by the exchange officer. 

(13) Steward's account. — The exchange officer, or his authorized assistant, 
will keep in his own handwriting a memorandum account with the steward iu 
which all entries will be made in the presence of the steward charging him 
with the selling value of the merchandise turned over to him for sale, and 
crediting him with the selling value of all goods sold or properly expended. 
Proper debit or credit will be made when selling prices are changed. The 
balance of this account will show the selling value of the merchandise which 
the steward should have on hand, and this balance will be carried forward to 
the next period. The value of the inventory will be entered on the old ac- 
count and a comparison made with the balance. The difference, if any, will 
be entered in the post exchange council's report with recommendation as to 
the action to be taken and the following month will be debited or credited to 
the steward's account as required by the approved report of the exchange 
council. 

(14) The bank balance w r ill be kept in the bank check book. Deposits and 
amounts drawn by check will be entered on the stubs and the balance carried 
forward on each page. On the last day of each month, and at such other times 
as a statement is obtained from the bank, the number and amount of each out- 
standing check, the total of the outstanding checks, and the difference between 
the balance as shown by the bank statement and the total of the outstanding 
checks will be entered on the back of the last check stub or on the bank state- 
ment for the period covered by the bank statement. This difference should 
equal the balance as shoAvn on the check stub. 

(15) Checks will be numbered serially, and stubs will show date, number, name 
of payee, and amount. Canceled checks will be attached to stubs and the 
word " Canceled " written across the face of the check and of the stub. Paid 
checks returned from the bank will be immediately pasted or otherwise se- 

(12-16) 



EXCHANGE REGULATIONS 12~15 

curely attached to their stubs in such a manner as to not cover any entries on 
the stub. When the check voucher system is used, a check register will be 
kept, and the canceled and paid checks will be filed serially. 

(16) Stock book. — The storeroom keeper will enter in a stock book or card 
file, on the debit side, the selling value of all stores received, and on the credit 
side the selling value of all stores issued. This account may be kept on the 
basis of units of items issued without the value appearing therein. 

(17) All the above-mentioned records and accounts must be kept, except as 
noted, and such other books and accounts as may be necessary will also be kept. 
Any deviation from these regulations in regard to accounts will require the ap- 
proval of the Major General Commandant. 

(18) Destruction of records. — Records and accounts of the exchange may be 
destroyed, unless sufficient reasons exist to the contrary, when four years old, 
if they have been inspected by an officer of the adjutant and inspector's depart- 
ment and all irregularities have been adjusted. 

Inventory and Audit 

12-15 

(1) The value of an inventory depends on the thoroughness and accuracy with 
which it is taken, and errors of omission or commission may result in injustice 
either to the exchange personnel or to the command, or to both. Therefore the 
greatest care and exactness will be exercised in taking inventories. 

(2) In taking inventories the services of officers or of competent enlisted men, 
except the exchange officer, authorized assistants, and exchange attendants, 
may be utilized. The counting, recording, and extensions must be performed 
under the direct and personal supervision and scrutiny of a member or members 
of the exchange council. A sufficient number of extensions, chosen at random, 
should be personally checked in order to establish a strong probability that they 
are being correctly made. A sufficient number of unit cost prices should like- 
wise be personally verified, in order to insure that a proper value is being 
given to the stock. Inventories ( Bmhd » 4 ) will be signed by the members of 
the inventory committee. 

(3) In auditing the accounts of the exchange the services of qualified officers 
or noncommissioned officers or privates may be utilized, excluding the exchange 
officer, authorized assistants, and attendants. All work connected with the 
auditing must be done under the direct and personal supervision and scrutiny 
of the members of the auditing committee. 

(4) The cash, including that in the hands of the steward for change, will 
be counted at the beginning of the audit. Statements will be obtained from the 
bank and the balance on deposit, as shown by the last stub, will be verified: 
entries on stubs showing deposits will be compared as to date and amount with 
such entries on statement and in pass book. 



(12-17) 



12-15 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

(5) Colored pencils. — All persons conducting the audit will be provided with 
blue pencils. The exchange officer and the exchange employees will use ordi- 
nary black pencils for checking items. Green pencil marks will be reserved 
for use by officers of the adjutant and inspector's department. 

(6) In auditing the accounts the records should be distributed among the 
auditors and assistants as follows: 

(c) Cashbook-journal. 

(ft) Exchange officer's blotter. 

(c) Steward's daily reports. 

(d) Other cash receipt vouchers. 

(e) Cash expenditure vouchers and check book. 

(f) File of orders for merchandise and property. 

(g) Invoices for merchandise and property. 
(h) Steward's account. 

(i) Ledger. 
This distribution may be varied according to the number of auditors and 
assistants available or other circumstances in each case. 

(7) The person having the cashbook-journal will verify the entries therein 
as to date, amount, and classification as the items are called to him by per- 
sons having the other records. 

(8) The person having the exchange officer's cash blotter will verify the 
entries therein by date, item, and amount. 

(9) The persons having the steward's daily reports and other cash receipt 
vouchers will read from these the data supporting the entries in the cashbook- 
journal under the following heads: Cash (debit) ; accounts receivable (debit 
and credit) ; merchandise (credit) ; bills receivable (debit and credit) ; barber, 
tailor, and shoemaker (credit) ; coupons (debit and credit) ; property (credit) ; 
amusement rooms (credit) ; and sometimes accounts payable (credit). 

(10) The persons having cash expenditure vouchers and check book will read 
therefrom the data supporting the entries in the cashbook-journal under the 
following heads: Cash (credit) ; accounts payable (debit) ; barber, tailor, and 
shoemaker (debit) ; expense (debit) ; amusements (debit); interest and dis- 
count (credit) ; property (debit) ; and merchandise (debit). 

(11) The person having the file of orders for merchandise or property will, 
with the person having the invoice file, compare the orders with the invoices, 
noting carefully that the regulations have been observed. 

(12) The person having the invoice file will then read therefrom the data 
supporting the entries in the cashbook-journal under the following heads: 
Merchandise (debit) ; property (debit) ; accounts payable (credit) ; interest 
and discount (credit), reference being also necessary to the cash expenditure 
vouchers for items under interest and discount. 

(13) Items in the cashbook-journal showing loss and gain, being supported 
by various records depending on the character and cause of the loss or gain, 
must be determined and verified by examination of the circumstances in each 
case. 

(12-18) 



EXCHANGE REGULATIONS 12-15 

(14) As each entry in any record is verified, a check mark (V) will be made 
opposite. 

(15) All additions on cashbook-journal will be verified and a preliminary 
test balance made of all entries therein. 

(16) The totals of all columns in cashbook-journal are next verified as having 
been posted to the proper account in the general ledger. Postings to the indi- 
vidual accounts in the petty ledger (accounts receivable and accounts payable) 
need not be verified in detail unless some special reason therefor develops. 
However, a test will be made by totaling all credit and debit entries therein 
and comparing the difference between these totals with the general ledger 
balances under these heads. 

(17) After checking each book, file, and account they will be gone over by a 
member of the auditing committee to ascertain whether any items are not 
checked, and if such items are found they will be looked up. 

(18) The additions in each account will be verified, and the balances as 
brought forward and as carried to other accounts will be checked and verified. 
The balances will be compared with those entered in the balance sheet. The 
balance in the steward's account (exchange officer's) will be compared with the 
inventory, selling price. 

(19) Auditing committees will take especial care to see that adding machines 
are not improperly manipulated, it being possible on some machines to obtain 
false totals by manipulation of the eliminating key. 

(20) Notes will be counted, compared with the credit rolls and statement of 
indebtedness on balance sheet, and the total amount compared with the amount 
called for by the bills-receivable account in the ledger. If any reasons* therefor 
should appear, the validity of the notes will be looked into and verified in such 
manner as is most feasible. 

(21) The steward's coupons on hand will be counted to see if they agree with 
the amount as shown by the daily report and as shown by the exchange officer's 
account with him. Coupon books will be examined to ascertain if any coupons 
have been removed. 

(22) The amounts shown as assets and liabilities will be carefully checked. 
The sums shown as accounts receivable and payable will be carefully checked 
with the total amounts of personal accounts as shown by the ledger as due to 
and from the exchange. 

(23) The other items of the balance sheet will be carefully checked with the 
accounts in the ledger as they appear at the time of the audit. 

(24) Any and all discrepancies or irregularities will be looked into with care 
and report made as to responsibility. 

(25) The council will carefully examine into the schedule of accounts pay- 
able and accounts receivable filed with the last prior balance sheet and ascer- 
tain whether or not any remain unpaid and, if any such are found, the reason 
therefor investigated and recorded. 



(12-19) 



12-16 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

Disposition of Profits 
12-16 

(1) Determination of profits for disposition. — Profits for disposition will be the 
amount of cash on hand at the end of the month, less the following : 

(a) A sum sufficient to pay all liabilities of the exchange. 

(o) The difference, if any, obtained by subtracting 90 per cent of the 
total bills and accounts receivable and 50 per cent of the inventory 
of merchandise, cost price, from the total of all anticipated ordi- 
nary expenses for the ensuing month (including operating ex- 
penses, purchase of stock and other property). If the anticipated 
expenses are less than the total of the two amounts mentioned, 
no deduction will be made under this heading. 

(c) The sum required for specific objects approved by the Major General 
Commandant, by the Commanding General, Department of the 
Pacific, or, if serving in a marine brigade outside of the United 
States, by the brigade commander, for the betterment of the com- 
mand additional to the anticipated ordinary expenses. 
Examples : 

1. Total cash on hand May 31, 1925 $1,450.00 

Total liabilities, May 31 35. 60 

1, 414. 40 

Anticipated ordinary expenses for June $1, 400. oo 

90 per cent of bills and accounts 

receivable, May 31 $84. 60 

50 per cent cost price inventory of 

merchandise, May 31 800. 00 884. 60 515. 40 

899. 00 
Approved specific objects 125.00 

Amount of cash profits subject to disposition on May 

31, 1925 (payable in June) 774.00 

2. Total cash on hand May 31, 1925 6,538.39 

Total liabilities, May 31- 3, 453. 66 

3, 084. 73 

Anticipated ordinary expenses for June $4, 000. 00 

90 per cent of bills and accounts 

receivable, May 31 $194. 87 

50 per cent cost price inventory of 

merchandise, May 31 7, 566. 68 7, 761. 55 000. 00 

3, 084. 73 
Approved specific objects (none)— 000.00 

Amount of cash profits subject to disposition on May 

31, 1925 (payable in June) 3,084.73 



(12-20* 



EXCHANGE REGULATIONS 12-18 

(2) Profits subject to disposition will be transferred to the proper accounts 
or funds for the recreation and amusement of the enlisted men in such propor- 
tion as the exchange council, with the approval of the commanding officer, may 
recommend. 

(3) When an entire organization is transferred to expeditionary duty, the 
proportionate share of the exchange profits as of the date of transfer will be 
paid into the organization's exchange or amusement fund. 

(4) Payment to individual men prohibited. — The payment of any part of ex- 
change profits to individual men is prohibited, except as prizes, or to cooks, 
bakers, and mess stewards, in amounts recommended by the exchange council 
and approved by the commanding officer, 

(5) Recommendations for deviation from the methods provided for the dis- 
position of profits may be submitted for approval to the Major General Com- 
mandant. 

Reports 

12-17 

(1) The exchange officer will close his books at the end of each month's busi- 
ness, when relieved, and at such other times as may be directed by proper 
authority, and will submit, in triplicate, to the exchange council a balance sheet 
(Form J) to include that date, giving in detail all of the information required 
thereon. 

(2) After auditing the accounts the exchange council will submit the balance 
sheets, with their report, to the commanding officer for his action. 

(3) After the commanding officer has taken final action on the report, he will 
forward the original of the balance sheet to the Adjutant and Inspector and 
return the two copies to the exchange officer. 

(4) The exchange officer will place one copy of the balance sheet on a perma- 
nent file, and will post the other copy in a prominent place in one of the ex- 
change rooms for the information of the enlisted men of the command. 

Final Disposition op Business 

12-18 

When it becomes known that an exchange is to be discontinued the exchange 
stock will be reduced to the lowest extent possible and, so far as may be, con- 
verted into cash. Prior to the closing of the exchange the property will be con- 
verted into cash. The cash and remaining merchandise and property will be 
disposed of as directed by the Major General Commandant. 



(12-21) 



12-19 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

Headquarters Marine Corps 
12-19 

(1) The Marine Corps exchange board will be composed of the Headquarters 
exchange officer and of such other officers as the Major General Commandant 
may designate. The duties of this board will be to consider and make recom- 
mendations upon such subjects as pertain to the affairs of the Marine Corps ex- 
changes and to audit accounts of the Headquarters exchange officer. This board 
will meet at the call of its president or upon the order of the Major General 
Commandant, and a record of its proceedings will be kept by the Headquarters 
exchange officer for submission to the Major General Commandant for his 
action. 

(2) The Headquarters exchange officer will be designated by the Major General 
Commandant. He will have general supervision of correspondence pertaining 
to matters connected with exchanges under the supervision and orders of the 
Adjutant and Inspector. It will be his duty to take charge of and administer 
the Marine Corps fund. 

(3) Marine Corps fund. — The Marine Corps fund will consist of all moneys 
received from the exchanges of the Marine Corps and from other sources. It 
will be held in trust for the enlisted men and will be disbursed only for the 
general benefit of the corps as a whole and for the enlisted men in particular. 
It will not be expended for the benefit of individuals or separate organizations, 
unless such individuals or organizations are representing the entire Marine 
Corps, but will be available for carrying on the exchange business of the corps, 
including loans for establishing^ new exchanges. Disbursements will be made 
only on the recommendation of the Marine Corps Exchange board approved by 
the Major General Commandant. 

Coupon Books 

12-20 

Coupon books will be serially numbered and be countersigned before issue 
by the exchange officer. The name of the man to whom issued will be entered 
on the cover, and the coupons will not be honored except when presented by 
the man to whom issued. The books will be carefully accounted for, both by 
the exchange officer and the steward. 

Forms 

12-21 

Form fc, N. M. O. 159, balance sheet, will be furnished upon requisition to 
the depot quartermaster. Other exchange forms will be supplied at cost by 
the Headquarters exchange officer. 

(12-22) 



CHAPTER 13 



MARINE CORPS RESERVE 



Section /.— ESTABLISHMENT AND MISSION 

13-1 

Establishment. — The Marine Corps Reserve is established and maintained under 
the provisions of the act approved February 28, 1925, and effective July 1, 1925. 

13-2 

Status and composition. — The Marine Corps Reserve is a component part of 
the Marine Corps. It is composed of male citizens of the United States and 
of the insular possessions of the United States of not less than 18 years of 
age, who, by enlisting or being appointed therein, or being assigned or trans- 
ferred thereto from the regular Marine Corps or from the Reserve established 
under prior laws, obligate themselves to serve in the Marine Corps in time of 
war or during the existence of a national emergency declared by the President. 
It may also include enlisted men who were serving in the regular Marine 
Corps on July 1, 1925. who were not citizens of the United States or of the 
insular possessions thereof, but who had completed not less than eight years' 
naval service on that date. (See art. 13-54 (3).) (C. M. C. M. 5.) 

13-3 

Mission. — The mission of the Marine Corps Reserve is to provide a trained 
force of officers and men available to serve as reinforcements to the regular 
Marine Corps in time of war or national emergency. 

Section 2.— DEFINITIONS 

13-6 

(1) Officers. — This term, wherever it appears in this chapter, includes com- 
missioned officers and warrant officers, unless otherwise indicated by the context. 

(2) Enlisted men and enlisted reservists. — By these terms are meant all men 
in grades corresponding to those of enlisted men of the regular Marine Corps, 
irrespective of whether the reservists so designated entered the reserve by 
enlistment, assignment, or transfer, unless otherwise indicated by the context. 

(3) Prior laws. — This term refers to the act of August 29, 1916, and subse- 
quent amendments thereof and additions thereto. 

(4) Old reserve. — This term refers to the reserve created by the act of August 
29, 1916. 

(5) New reserve. — This term refers to the reserve created by the act approved 
February 28, 1925. 

(13-1) 



13-6 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

(6) Fleet Reserve Company A. — This term refers to a company organized under 
authority of the Major General Commandant with a specific strength and com- 
position. A Fleet Reserve Company A is uniformed and equipped, perforins 
drills for which pay is allowed, and attends training camps as a unit. Its 
officers are assigned by the Major General Commandant. (C. M. C. M. 1 and 5.) 

(7) Fleet Reserve Company B. — This term refers to a company whose organiza- 
tion is similar to that described in paragraph (6), but for which normally 
no drill pay is allowed. (C. M. C. M. 1 and 5.) 

Section 3.— CLASSES 

13-10 

(1) Classification. — The Marine Corps Reserve is divided into the Fleet Marine 
Corps Reserve and the Volunteer Marine Corps Reserve. 

(2) The Fleet Marine Corps Reserve is further subdivided into the following 
classes : 

Class I. Officers assigned thereto. 

Class II. (a) Enlisted men of the former Marine Corps Reserve who were 
transf erred thereto after 16 years' naval service and who are transferred to 
the Fleet Marine Corps Reserve under the provisions of the act approved 
February 28, 1925. 

(h) Enlisted men who served in the regular Marine Corps prior to July 1, 
1925, who were either in the regular Marine Corps or Marine Corps Reserve 
on that date, or who reenlist with continuous service after that date, and 
thereafter transfer to the Marine Corps Reserve after 1G years' naval service 
in accordance with the provisions of article 13-54. 

(c) Enlisted men of the old Marine Corps Reserve who were transferred 
thereto after 20 years' naval service and who are transferred to the Fleet 
Marine Corps Reserve under the provisions of the act approved February 28, 
1925. 

(d) Enlisted men who served in the regular Marine Corps prior to July 1, 
1925, who were either in the regular Marine Corps or Marine Corps Reserve 
on that date, or who reenlist with continuous service after that date, and 
thereafter transfer to the Marine Corps Reserve after 20 years' naval service 
in accordance with the provisions of article 13-54. 

(e) Enlisted men who first enlist in the Marine Corps on or after July 1, 
1925, or who reenlist with broken service on or after that date, and transfer 
to the Marine Corps Reserve after 20 years' naval service in accordance with 
the provisions of article 13-54. 

Class III. Assigned men, consisting of men who have served at least one enlist- 
ment in the regular Marine Corps, and who, prior to their discharge, have 
obligated themselves to serve four years in the Fleet Marine Corps Reserve on 
the termination of such enlistment and have been assigned to the Fleet Marine 
Corps Reserve for that period. 



(13-2) 



MARINE CORPS RESERVE 18—19 

Class tV. — (a) Men who enlist in the Fleet Marine Corps Reserve, or are 
assigned thereto with their own consent. (C. M. C. M. 5.) 

(3) The Volunteer Marine Corps Reserve consists of officers ass'gned thereto, 
and men who are enlisted therein or transferred thereto. It comprises : 

Class V. Officers. 

Class VI. Enlisted men. (C. M. C. M. 5.) 

Section 4.— GENERAL 

13-15 

(1) Eligibility for membership. — (a) The Marine Corps Reserve shall be com- 
posed of male citizens of the United States, not less than 18 years of age, except 
as provided in articles 13-2 and 13-54 (3). 

(2) Members of the Naval Militia of a State, Territory, or the District of 
Columbia serving as marines may enlist in the Marine Corps Reserve. 

(3) Persons who have claims pending for or are receiving compensation or 
vocational training from the Veterans' Bureau, or pensions, are not eligible for 
membership in the Marine Corps Reserve. 

13-16 

Membership in other naval or military organizations. — -No member of the Marine 
Corps Reserve shall be a member of any other naval or military organization, 
State or Federal, except the Naval Militia. 

13-17 

Employment in civil branches of the public service authorized. — Members of the 
Marine Corps Reserve are authorized to accept employment in any civil branch 
of the public service and to receive the pay and allowances incident to such em- 
ployment in addition to any pay and allowances to which they may be entitled 
as members of the reserve. 

13-18 

Reservists in Government employ entitled to leave for training. — All officers and 
employees of the United States or of the District of Columbia, who are mem 
bers of the Marine Corps Reserve, shall be entitled to leave of absence from 
their respective duties without loss of pay, time, or efficiency rating, on all 
days during which they are employed, under orders, on training duty for periods 
not to exceed fifteen days in any one calendar year. This leave shall be in ad 
dition to any leave of absence with pay authorized by other provisions of law. 

13-19 

(1) Continuous-service benefits. — Enrolled men of the old Marine Corps Re- 
serve transferred by section 1 of the act approved February 28, 1925, to the 

(13-3) 



13-19 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

new Fleet Marine Corps Reserve, who had enrolled in the old Fleet Marine 
Corps Reserve within four months from the date of their discharge from the 
regular Marine Corps, and who reenlist in the regular Marine Corps within 
three months from the date of their discharge from the Fleet Marine Corps 
Reserve, shall be entitled to the same benefits as if they had reenlisted in the 
legular Marine Corps within three months of their last discharge therefrom. 

(2) Enlisted men of the regular Marine Corps assigned to class III of the 
reserve, and enlisted men who, within three months from date of discharge 
from the regular Marine Corps, upon completion of a 4-year enlistment, 
enlist in the Marine Corps Reserve, may, while in the Marine Corps Reserve, 
be permitted to reenlist in the regular Marine Corps, in which case they shall 
be entitled to the same benefits as if they had enlisted in the regular Marine 
Corps within three months of their last discharge therefrom. 

(3) The benefits referred to in (1) and (2) are statutory benefits and do 
not extend to restoration to the rank held upon discharge from the regular 
Marine Corps. Such restoration upon reenlistment will be governed by 
general instructions and by special instructions in individual cases, issued 
by the Major General Commandant. 

13-20 

Appointment of midshipmen from enlisted men. — The Secretary of the Navy may 
appoint not more than 25 midshipmen in any one year to the Naval Academy 
from the enlisted men of the Naval Reserve and the Marine Corps Reserve 
under similar conditions as prescribed by law for appointments from enlisted 
men of the Navy. (Sec. 8, act approved February 28, 1925.) 

13-21 

Requirements for appointment as midshipmen. — Only those enlisted men of the 
Marine Corps Reserve who meet the following requirements will be selected 
as a result of a competitive examination for appointments as midshipmen : 

(ft) Must be citizens of the United States who are not more than 20 
years of age on April 1 of the year in which appointed. 

(b) Must have been in the Marine Corps Reserve at least one year by 

June 1 of the year it is desired to enter. In this computation, 
service in the Marine Corps and Naval Reserve, in the regular 
Navy, and in the regular Marine Corps shall be credited. 

(c) Must have maintained efficiency by attending drills or have under- 

gone training while in the Marine Corps Reserve. 

(d) Must have a good record. 

(e) Must submit application prior to January 15 of the year in which 

appointed. This application should be forwarded to the Major 
General Commandant via the reserve area Commander. Tran- 
script from service-record book and report of physical examination 
on Bureau of Medicine and Surgery Form Y in duplicate should 
be attached to the application. 

(13-i) 



MARINE CORPS RESERVE 13-25 

(f) Must be recommended by their reserve area commander. No other 

recommendations are necessary. 

(g) Must take a competitive examination which is held on the third 

Wednesday in April of each year and is the regular examination 
given to candidates nominated for appointment as midshipmen. 
(h) Must meet the same mental and physical requirements as are 
required of other candidates for midshipmen. Regulations gov- 
erning the admission of candidates into the Naval Academy as 
midshipmen and sample examination papers may be obtained upon 
application through official channels to the Major General Com- 
mandant. 

13-22 

Militia.— The Major General Commandant will specify the standard for the 
organization, administration, and training of marine companies of the Naval 
Militia. 

13-23 

Identification cards. — Upon entering the Marine Corps Reserve by appointment, 
enlistment, transfer, or assignment reservists will be furnished with a Marine 
Corps Reserve identification card. This card will be prepared and signed 
by the officer who completes the reserve papers. The card of a reservist 
who enters the reserve for a definite period of time will show the dates covering 
this period. Where practicable, the reservist should sign this card in the 
presence of the issuing officer. 

Section 5.— APPOINTMENTS AND ENLISTMENTS 

13-25 

Appointment of Officebs 
(C. M. C. M. 4.) 

(1) Appointment as commissioned officer, Marine Corps Reserve. — Former offi- 
cers of the Marine Corps may be commissioned in the rank last held by them in 
the regular service. Former officers of the Marine Corps Reserve may be com- 
missioned in the rank not above captain formerly held by them in the Marine 
Corps Reserve. All other appointments will be in the rank of second lieuten- 
ant. Candidates, other than former officers of the Marine Corps, must : 

(a) In the case of former officers of the Marine Corps Reserve be not over 
30 years of age for appointment as second lieutenant ; be not over 33 years of 
age for appointment as first lieutenant; or be not over 35 years of age for 
appointment as captain. 

In the case of former noncommissioned officers of the Marine Corps having 
IS months' service as such be not over 30 years of age. 

In all other cases be over 18 and not over 28 years of age. 

(6) Be qualified for commission as established by record, standing in his 
community, character, appearance, manner and bearing, and capacity for 
leadership. 

(13-6) 



13-25 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

(c) Present satisfactory evidence of educational qualifications 1 . The 
examining board must be convinced from evidence that the candidate is pro- 
ficient in the following subjects: Spelling, grammar, composition and rhetoric, 
United States history, general history, geography, arithmetic, algebra, geometry, 
and plane trigonometry. 

(d) Have the physical qualifications prescribed for officers of the regular 
Marine Corps. Those applying for aviation assignment must pass the required 
flight examination as given by a naval flight surgeon. 

(e) In addition to the above, meet one of the following requirements: 

1. Have had active service for at least three months as a commissioned officer 
of the line in the Army, Navy, or Marine Corps, regular or reserve. 

2. Have had actual training for at least 60 days as an officer in the reserve 
of the Army, Navy, or Marine Corps, or in the National Guard. 

3. Have had at least one year's service as a noncommissioned officer in the 
Fleet Marine Corps Reserve and have attended at least two camps of instruc- 
tion in that capacity, and have been recommended by the company commander, 
inspector-instructor, and reserve area commander. 

4. Have graduated from the United States Naval Academy, the United States 
Military Academy, or the United States Coast Guard Academy. 

5. Have satisfactorily completed the senior division course in the Army Re- 
serve Officers' Training Corps, or have satisfactorily completed the four years' 
training prescribed for essential military schools (junior division, Army Re- 
serve Officers' Training Corps), and in addition have completed satisfactorily 
the summer-camp training prescribed for advanced-course students of the senior 
division of the Army Reserve Officers' Training Corps. 

6. Have satisfactorily completed the four years' course prescribed in the 
Naval Reserve Officers' Training Corps. 

7. Have had at least 18 months' service as a noncommissioned officer in the 
Marine Corps. 

8. Have satisfactorily completed training as a pilot in commercial aviation 
and received a Department of Commerce transport pilot's license and be able to 
meet the requirements prescribed by law for a naval aviator, or have satisfac- 
torily completed both primary and advanced flight training leading to designa- 
tion as a naval aviator in the Navy, Naval Reserve, Marine Corps, or Marine 
Corps Reserve, or have successfully completed flight training in the United 
States Air Corps, leading to designation as an airplane pilot. 

9. Have successfully completed one of the basic correspondence courses as 
given by the Army or Marine Corps. 

10. Be a graduate, with a degree of bachelor of arts, bachelor of science, 
or civil engineer, of a college or university which is on the approved 
list of the Regional Accrediting Association or on the approved list of the 
Association of American Universities, under 25 years of age, who, although 
without the military experience and training required for appointment 
in the reserve, can and will, in the opinion of the examining board, qualify 
professionally by taking annual training and one of the basic correspondence 
courses. 



U3-6) 



MARINE CORPS RESERVE 13-26 

(2) All applicants will be required to furnish evidence of their moral 
character in the form of letters of recommendation from at least five reputable 
business or professional men who have known them since their separation 
from the military or naval service, or during the formative periods of their 
lives; except that this provision is waived in the cases of those appointed 
within one year after their separation from the military or naval service 
and may, at the direction of the Major General Commandant, be waived in 
the cases of those whose separation from the service is of a period greater 
than one year. 

(3) Officers in the grade of second lieutenant. Marine Corps Reserve, after 
three years from date of appointment shall have their records examined by 
an examining board to determine their moral and professional fitness. The 
examining board shall recommend the retention or the discharge of the officer. 

(4) Each officer appointed will be commissioned in the Marine Corps Reserve 
and assigned to the Fleet or Volunteer Marine Corps Reserve by the Major 
General Commandant, such appointment to be effective upon the date of execu- 
tion of acceptance and oath of office. 

(5) Warrant officers may be appointed from noncommissioned officers of the 
reserve and from civil life and will be required to pass a physical examina- 
tion and present satisfactory evidence of their moral, mental, and professional 
qualifications. As evidence of moral character it will be necessary to furnish 
five letters from reputable citizens as to character of the candidate. The 
mental and professional qualifications required will be as prescribed in article 
2-21 (3). 

(6) Examinations. — All accepted applications for appointment in the Marine 
Corps Reserve will be referred to an examining board for examination and 
recommendation. The examination will cover all qualifications, including moral 
and physical. 

Enlistments. Reenlistments, and Extensions 

13-26 

(1) Term of enlistment, and extensions thereof. — The term of enlistment or 
reenlistment in the Marine Corps Reserve is four years. The enlistment or 
reenlistment may be extended for a term of one, two, three, or four years, in 
accordance with the regulations governing extensions of enlistment in the 
regular Marine Corps. 

(2) Evidence as to qualifications and character. — Prior to enlistment or reenlist- 
ment applicants must furnish satisfactory evidence as to qualifications and 
character. No man will be enlisted or reenlisted in the Marine Corps Reserve 
whose last enlistment in the Army, Navy, or Marine Corps was terminated 
under other than honorable conditions, except with the prior approval of the 
Major General Commandant. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(3) Physical requirements. — The physical requirements for enlistment in or 
assignment to the Fleet Marine Corps Reserve will be the same as those pre- 



(1&-7) 



13-26 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

scribed for enlistment in the regular Marine Corps. The physical require- 
ments for enlistment in the Volunteer Marine Corps Reserve will be the same 
as for the Fleet Marine Corps Reserve, but, in the case of applicants whose 
physical defects are not such as to prevent them from performing limited duty 
on shore in the United States, waivers may be granted. Physical examina- 
tions may be conducted by either medical officers of the regular Navy or 
Naval Reserve. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(4) Age limit. — To be acceptable for first enlistment in the Fleet Marine 
Corps Reserve, applicants must be not less than 18 nor more than 35 years 
of age. For the Volunteer Marine Corps Reserve the age limit is the same, 
but in cases where the applicant has served honorably in the regular Marine 
Corps, and in exceptional cases, the age limit may be waived by the Major 
General Commandant. In no case will a man be accepted who is over 60 
years of age. Applicants under 21 years of age must furnish the written 
consent of their parents or guardians. This consent must be unqualified 
(C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(5) Requests for waivers of physical defects or age limit will be forwarded to 
the Major General Commandant. 

(6) Information to be furnished by applicants. — All applicants for enlistment in 
the Marine Corps Reserve will be required to furnish the same information, 
which will be recorded in the same manner, as is required for enlistment 
in the regular Marine Corps. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(7) Detail for aviation duty. — Men possessing aviation qualifications may, with 
the approval of the Major General Commandant, be detailed for aviation duty. 
Prior to such detail they must submit evidence of their qualifications, which 
will be forwarded to the Major General Commandant for consideration. Upon 
detail, the notation " Detailed for aviation duty " will be entered in their 
service-record books, followed by reference to the authority and verified by 
the signature of the commanding officer. Such detail will be subject to 
revocation by the Major General Commandant. 

(8) Reenlistments limited. — After the expiration of three months from date of 
discharge, men will be reenlisted only if less than 35 years of age, unless in 
special cases, the age limit is waived by the Major General Commandant. 

(9) Reappointment to rank above that of private upon reenlistment. — Enlisted 
men above the rank of private who reenlist in the Marine Corps Reserve 
will be reappointed, upon reenlistment in the reserve, to the rank and kind of 
warrant held when discharged. Honorably discharged enlisted men of the 
regular Marine Corps who enlist in the Marine Corps Reserve will be appointed 
to the rank and kind of warrant held upon discharge. (C. M. C. M. 4.) 

(10) Former marines discharged on dependency grounds may be enlisted 
in the Marine Corps Reserve without reference to Marine Corps Headquarters, 
provided they are qualified in every other respect. 

(11) The consent of wife or waiver of marriage by the Major General Com- 
mandant is not required for enlistment in Classes IV or VI or assignment to 
Class III of the reserve. 



(13-S) 



MARINE CORPS RESERVE 13-35 

(12) Home address. — The home address of a reservist at time of enlistment or 
reenlistment will be entered on the left margin of his enlistment contract. This 
is in addition to the address of next of kin. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

13-27 

(1) Eligibility for Class IV. — The following are eligible for enlistment in Class 
IY of the reserve: 

(a) Men who have completed a minimum of one year in any branch 
of the Regular Army, Navy, or Marine Corps, or who have had 
equivalent military training, and members of the Naval Militia. 

(6) Men without previous military experience who enlist in a Fleet 
Reserve company. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(2) Eligibility for Class VI. — Men with or without military experience are 
eligible for enlistment in Class VI of the reserve. 

13-28 

(1) Forwarding of enlistment contracts, service-record books, and health records. — 
All enlistment contracts will be forwarded to the Adjutant and Inspector. Serv- 
ice-record books and health records will be forwarded to the area commander 
of the reserve area in which the reservists concerned reside. In the case of a 
reservist attached to a Fleet Reserve company, his service-record book and 
health record will be forwarded to the commanding officer of such unit, through 
the area commander concerned. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(2) Muster and pay cards. — When transferring men to Class II or assigning 
men to Class III of the reserve, commanding officers will prepare and forward 
muster and pay cards (Forms N. M. C. 770 and 770a) in accordance with the 
instructions printed thereon. Such cards need not be prepared for men enlisting 
in Classes IV and VI. 

Section 6.— RANK, PROMOTION, AND REDUCTION 

13-35 

Rank and grades authorized. — There will be allowed in the reserve the various 
ranks, grades, and ratings corresponding to those in the regular Marine Corps, 
but not above the rank of major, except that a small percentage of officers, 
who may be required in higher grades or ranks for the recruiting, organization, 
administration, training, inspection, and mobilization of the reserve, may be 
commissioned in the grades of lieutenant colonel, colonel, and brigadier general. 
The same proportion of officers in each commissioned grade, up to and includ- 
ing the rank of major, is allowed for the reserve as for the regular Marine 
Corps. No demotions will be made as a result of computations. The total 
number of commissioned reserve officers authorized is 1,034. (C. M. C. M. 1 
and 4.) 



(13-9) 



13-36 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

13-36 

All commissioned officers will be line officers. — They may be detailed for aviatioD 
duty, or for duty in any of the staff departments. 

13-37 

Appointment of officers. — Persons appointed to commissioned grades in the 
reserve will be commissioned by the President alone and those appointed to 
warrant grades will be warranted by the Secretary of the Navy. (C. M. 
C. M.'l.) 

13-38 

(1) Rank and precedence. — Commissioned officers of the same rank and war- 
rant officers in the Naval Reserve and the Marine Corps Reserve shall take 
precedence among themselves by date of commission or warrant. Officers of 
the same date of commission or warrant shall take precedence according to the 
number of the commission or warrant. Commissioned officers of the same 
rank and warrant officers in the Naval Reserve Force and the old Marine 
Corps Reserve who are transferred to the Naval Reserve or the new Marine 
Corps Reserve in accordance with the provisions of the act approved February 
28, 1925, shall take precedence among themselves and with other officers of the 
Naval Reserve and the Marine Corps Reserve according to the dates of the 
commissions, warrants, or provisional assignments of rank or grade held by 
them at the time of transfer, except that such officers, who were transferred to 
the Naval Reserve Force or the old Marine Corps Reserve from the National 
Naval Volunteers, if they have not been separated from the Naval Reserve 
Force or the old Marine Corps Reserve for more than four months since said 
transfer, shall take precedence among themselves and with other officers of the 
Naval Reserve and the Marine Corps Reserve according to the date of the com- 
missions or warrants held by them on the active lists of the Naval Militia at 
the time of their enrollment in the National Naval Volunteers, or, if subse- 
quently promoted in the National Naval Volunteers, according to the dates of 
said promotions. Former officers of the Navy, Marine Corps, or Coast Guard, 
who, within four months of their separation therefrom, enrolled in the Naval 
Reserve Force or in the old Marine Corps Reserve in the same ranks or grades 
last held by them in the Navy, Marine Corps, or Coast Guard, and who are 
transferred to the Naval Reserve or the new Marine Corps Reserve in the said 
ranks or grades pursuant to the act approved February 28, 1925, and such 
former officers of the Navy, Marine Corps, or Coast Guard who may after 
July 1, 1925, within the same period, be appointed in the Naval Reserve or the 
Marine Corps Reserve in the same ranks or grades as last held by them in the 
Navy, Marine Corps, or Coast Guard, shall take precedence among themselves 
and with other officers of the Naval Reserve and the Marine Corps Reserve 
according to the dates of the commissions or warrants held by them in the 
Navy, Marine Corps, or Coast Guard when separated therefrom. (C. M. 
C. M. 1.) 

(13-10) 



MARINE CORPS RESERVE 13-41 

(2) In time of peace officers of the Naval Reserve and the Marine Corps 
Reserve shall take precedence with but after officers of the same rank or 
grade in the regular Navy and Marine Corps. When mobilized with the regu- 
lar Navy and Marine Corps for war or national emergency, officers of the 
Naval Reserve and the Marine Corps Reserve shall, for the duration of the 
war or national emergency, take precedence after the junior of their respective 
ranks or grades in the regular Navy and Marine Corps on date of such 
mobilization. Officers of the Naval Reserve of and above the rank of lieutenant 
commander who are selected for advancement in accordance with the provi- 
sions of section 17 of the act approved February 28, 1925, shall, when so 
advanced, take precedence during the then existing war or national emergency 
with officers of the regular Navy and Marine Corps of the same rank or grade 
in accordance with the dates stated in their commissions. 

13-39 

(1) Rescinded. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(2) Rescinded. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(3) Rescinded. (C. M. C. M. 3.) 

13-40 

(1) Rank on transfer or assignment from the regular Marine Corps to the re- 
serve. — Transfers of enlisted men of the regular Marine Corps to the Fleet 
Marine Corps Reserve upon completion of 16 years' naval service or after the 
completion of 20 years' naval service will be with the rank and kind of warrant 
actually held on date of transfer. (C. M. C. M. 4.) 

(2) Enlisted men assigned from the regular Marine Corps to Class III of 
the Fleet Marine Corps Reserve will be assigned to the rank and kind of war- 
rant actually held on date of discharge. (C. M. C. M. 4.) 

13-41 

(C. M. C. M. 4) 

(1) Promotion of commissioned officers. — In time of peace every officer in the 
Marine Corps Reserve below the rank of lieutenant colonel will have a running 
mate in the regular service for the purpose of determining the time that such 
reserve officer shall become eligible for consideration for promotion. A reserve 
officer will become eligible for consideration for promotion when his running 
mate becomes eligible for promotion. 

The running mate of a reserve officer will be the junior officer of the same 
rank in the regular service whose date of rank is the same as the date of rank 
it the reserve officer, or, should there be none of the same date of rank, the 
unior regular officer of next prior date of rank. 

(2) Examination for promotion. — When an officer of the reserve becomes due 
for promotion in accordance with paragraph (1), he will be examined by an 
examining board as to his professional, mental, moral, and physical qualiflca- 

(13-11) 



13-41 MAEINE CORPS MANUAL 

tions in the same manner and under the same procedure as provided for officers 
in the regular service. 

If the examining board finds the officer qualified and the recommendation of 
the board is approved by the Major General Commandant, he will be promoted 
to the next higher grade. 

If the reserve officer fails to qualify professionally before the examining 
board, he shall be suspended from promotion for one year and shall lose four 
numbers if a captain, six numbers if a first lieutenant, and eight numbers if a 
second lieutenant on the lineal list of the Marine Corps Reserve. His running 
mate will then be the same regular officer as that of the reserve officer who is 
next senior to him on the lineal list of the reserve. If a reserve officer fails 
physically to qualify before the examining board, he will be honorably dis- 
charged or placed on the honorary retired list. If a reserve officer fails to 
qualify morally, he will be discharged from the Marine Corps Reserve. 

When a reserve officer who has once failed to qualify professionally for 
promotion again becomes eligible for consideration for promotion in accordance 
with paragraph (1), subject to the provisions of the preceding paragraph, he 
will again be examined by an examining board as to his professional, mental, 
moral, and physical qualifications. 

If this second examining board finds the reserve officer qualified for promo- 
tion and if the recommendation of this board is approved by the Major General 
Commandant, he will be promoted to the next higher grade. 

If the reserve officer fails to qualify professionally, mentally, or physically 
before this second examining board, he may be honorably discharged from 
the Marine Corps Reserve. If he fails morally, he will be discharged. 

(3) The following professional qualifications for promotion in time of peace 
are prescribed. 

(a) For promotion from second lieutenant to first lieutenant: 

1. The successful completion of the basic course in the Marine Corps or Army 
correspondence schools in the branch to which assigned for training, or in suc- 
cessive years the Marine Corps: Reserve officers' basic course. 

2. Or one year's service with a Marine Corps Reserve company and attend- 
ance at one training camp. 

3. Or continuous service on active duty for one year. 

4. Or presentation to the board of acceptable reasons for not being able to 
qualify under the provisions of subparagraphs 1, 2, and 3 above and demonstra- 
tion of qualifications for promotion otherwise. 

(o) For promotion from first lieutenant to captain: 

1. The successful completion of the company officers' course in the Marine 
Corps or Army schools or the company officers' course in the Marine Corps or 
Army correspondence schools in the branch to which assigned for training, or 
in successive years the completion of the Marine Corps Reserve company offi- 
cers' course at the annual training camps. 



(13-12) 



MARINE CORPS RESERVE 13-41 

2. Or service as a first lieutenant with a Marine Corps Reserve company for 
two successive years and attendance at not less than two annual training 
camps of the Marine Corps Reserve. 

3. Or continuous service on active duty for at least two years as a first 
lieutenant. 

(c) For promotion from captain to major: 

1. The successful completion of the field officers' course in the Marine Corps 
schools or equivalent Army schools, or the advanced course of the Marine Corps 
or Army correspondence schools in the branch to which assigned for training, 
and in successive years the successful completion of the Marine Corps Reserve 
officers' advanced course at the annual training camps. 

2. Or successful service as a captain with a Marine Corps Reserve company 
for sis years and attendance as a captain at the annual training camp of the 
Marine Corps Reserve for at least three years. 

3. Or continuous service on active duty for at least three years and successful 
completion of the advanced course of the Marine Corps or Army correspondence 
schools in the branch to which assigned for training. 

(d) For promotion from major to lieutenant colonel and from lieutenant colonel 
to colonel regardless of branch to which assigned : The successful completion 
of the field officers' course in the Marine Corps schools or equivalent Army 
schools or the command and general staff course of the Marine Corps or Army 
correspondence schools (omitting subcourses 7, 8, and 9). 

(e) Officers for the instruction of whom in their specialities no suitable corre- 
spondence course is available are required to successfully complete the appro- 
priate Infantry course. 

(4) (a) Any officer of the Marine Corps Reserve, while performing duty 
with a Fleet Reserve organization or while on active duty, may be commis- 
sioned in a higher grade appropriate to the duty performed (irrespective of 
his position on the lineal list of the Marine Corps Reserve), at the discretion of 
the Secretary of the Navy, provided such officer is qualified under the provi- 
sions of paragraph (3) above. 

(6) An officer who has been advanced in rank in accordance with subpara- 
graph (a) may be discharged from the Marine Corps Reserve upon the termina- 
tion of the duty for which he was appointed and may be recommissioned in the 
Marine Corps Reserve in such grade and with such date of rank as the Secre- 
tary of the Navy shall direct, but will not be so discharged if he has com- 
pleted three years' satisfactory service in the rank. 

(5) (a) An officer or a civilian with the necessary military experience, 
assigned to or selected for duty by the Major General Commandant in connec- 
tion with the recruiting of volunteers or the organization, administration, or 
training of active Reserve organizations, may be appointed and commissioned 
or recommissioned in a grade appropriate to the duty to which assigned, 
provided he is physically qualified. 



(13-13) 



13-41 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

(0) An officer who has been first appointed in the Marine Corps Reserve 
or advanced in grade in accordance with subparagraph (a), upon relief from 
the duty for which he was commissioned, may be discharged and may be 
recommissioned in the Marine Corps Reserve with such grade and with such 
date of rank as the Secretary of the Navy shall direct, provided that he 
will not be so discharged if he has satisfactorily completed four years of 
such duty. (C. M. C. M. 5.) 

13-42 

Examining boards. — Examinations for appointment or promotion of officers of 
the Marine Corps Reserve shall be conducted by boards appointed by the 
Major General Commandant and in accordance with instructions issued by 
that officer, who is authorized to act on the reports of such boards. 

13-43 

(1) Promotion of enlisted men. — The following are authorized to make proba- 
tionary appointments of noncommissioned officers to fill vacancies in comple- 
ments : 

(a) Reserve area commanders in Fleet Reserve companies A. 

(Z>) Reserve area commanders in aviation units, casual companies, and 
other units not specified in this article, as may be authorized by the Major 
General Commandant. 

(c) Reg'mentai commanders in their regiments, as may be authorized by the 
Major General Commandant. (C. M. C. M. 1 and 5.) 

(2) Promotions in the enlisted grades of the Marine Corps Reserve will be 
governed by the same regulations as apply to similar promotions in the regular 
Marine Corps. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(3) In time of war or national emergency enlisted men of the Marino 
Corps Reserve employed on active duty will be promoted under the same 
regulations as those applying to enlisted men of the regular Marine Corps. 

(4) When enlisted men of Class III, Marine Corps Reserve, are ordered 
to active duty and are found to be satisfactory in the rank in which they serve, 
on return to inactive-duty status they may be retained in the grade held while 
on active duty. (C. M. C. M. 4.) 



(13-14) 



MARINE CORPS RESERVE 13-50 

Section 7.— A DM1 N IS TRA TIQN 
General Provisions 

13-50 

(1) The Major General Commandant. — The Marine Corps Reserve will be ad- 
ministered by the Major General Commandant in the same manner, so far as 
practicable, as the regular Marine Corps. 

(2) Territorial organization. — The United States is divided into reserve areas, 
each corresponding geographically and in name to the recruiting divisions 
of the Marine Corps. A reservist whose residence is without the continental 
limits of the United States will be attached to the reserve area the headquarters 
of which is most accessible by mail and passenger route. 

(3) Reserve area commanders. — Reserve area commanders will be assigned by 
the Major General Commandant and will be the commanding ofricer of all re- 
servists residing within their areas, except those attached to a reserve organi- 
zation of a marine barracks. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(4) Duties of reserve area commanders. — The duties of the reserve area com- 
manders in connection with the reserve will be, so far as practicable, the same 
as the duties of post commanders in the regular Marine Corps. In the per- 
formance of these duties, they will be assisted by the recruiting personnel. 

(5) Official designation of officers and men. — In official correspondence the 
names and titles of officers and men of the Marine Corps Reserve will be fol- 
lowed by the letters " USMCR." 



(13-14a! 



MARINE COEPS RESERVE 13-51 

Records and Reports 

13-51 

(1) Officers' records. — The records of all reserve officers will be kept at 
Headquarters of the Marine Corps in the same manner as the records of regu- 
lar officers. 

(2) Fitness reports of officers. — (a) Fitness reports will be rendered annu- 
ally as of March 31 by reserve area commanders on all reserve officers within 
their areas who are not attached to Fleet Reserve companies or Aviation Re- 
serve squadrons. In the case of officers attached to Fleet Reserve' companies 
or Aviation Reserve squadrons, reserve area commanders will submit fitness 
reports in the same manner as prescribed for officers of the regular Marine 
Corps. 

(6) In addition to the above, fitness reports will be rendered, via the reserve 
area commander to which the reserve officer is attached, by commanding offi- 
cers under whom training or other active duty is performed. (C. M. C. M. 4.) 

(3) Muster rofls. — Muster rolls will be submitted by all reserve organiza- 
tions in accordance with the instructions for the regular Marine Corps. Fleet 
and Volunteer Reserve companies will render muster rolls monthly, other or- 
ganizations semiannually. All reserve muster rolls will be submitted through 
the reserve area commanders. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(4) Service-record books. — New service-record books will be prepared for all 
men who join the Marine Corps Reserve by assignment or enlistment. When 
a man is transferred to Class II of the reserve a new service-record book will 
not be prepared, but a notation of such transfer, showing the date thereof and 
authority therefor, will be entered in the service-record book covering his cur- 
rent enlistment in the regular Marine Corps, and the book forwarded to the 
proper reserve area commander. Service-record books will be kept by com- 
manding officers of organizations submitting muster rolls in accordance with 
the instructions for the regular Marine Corps, except that in the cases of 
reservists attached to Fleet or Volunteer Reserve companies markings will 
be awarded semiannually and upon transfer from the organization. In all 
other cases markings will be awarded only upon separation from the service 
and upon termination of each period of training or active duty. 

Service-record books of all assigned men will be prepared in the same manner 
as for enlistment in the regular Marine Corps, with the following exceptions: 
On page headed " Professional and conduct record," line 1, columns 1, 2, 3, and 
4, will be completed and the following entry made and authenticated by the 
signature of the commanding officer: "Assigned Class III, USMCR." When the 
old service-record book of a man entering Class III shows any of the following 
qualifications, they will be entered on page 15 of the new service-record book 
under " Special qualifications " : 

Cook, first, second, or third class.. 

Gun pointer. 

Automatic rifle qualification. 



(13-15) 



13-51 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

Rifle qualification. 

Pistol qualification. 

Machine gun qualification. 

Clerk. 

Truck driver. 

Any other qualification which might be deemed appropriate for use in 
making future assignments. 
The service-record book will be prepared by the commanding officer at the 
post of discharge from the regular Marine Corps and forwarded direct to the 
proper reserve area commander. The commanding officer at post of discharge 
will enter the future home address on last page of service-record book. Changes 
of address will be entered on the same page. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(5) New health records for members of the Marine Corps Reserve will be 
prepared at the time of entry into the reserve and kept in the same manner 
in all respects (entry, promotion, active duty, active-duty training, death, etc.) 
as for members of the regular Marine Corps. Health records of members of 
units of the reserve will be kept at the headquarters of such* units, and those 
of all other members of the reserve will be kept at the headquarters of the 
reserve area to which the reservists concerned belong. 

(6) Monthly report of strength and distribution. — A monthly report of strength 
and distribution by rank will be made to the Adjutant and Inspector by each 
organization commander submitting muster rolls. The reports wttl be ^b- 
mitted through the reserve area commander. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(7) Change of address. — Reservists will report any change in home address 
to their reserve area commanders, who will notify the Adjutant and Inspector, 
the Paymaster, and the organization commander of such change. If change 
of address is permanent and within the limits of another reserve area, the 
commanding officer will transfer the staff returns and all records of the reservist 
to the headquarters of the area to which transferred. He will notify the 
reservist and will report the transfer, together with the new address, on Form 
N. M. C. 312. (C. M. C. M. 4.) 

(8) Report of disability. — A reservist who is incapacitated for any reason for 
active duty will report the circumstances to his reserve area commander, who 
will forward such report with his recommendations to the Major General 
Commandant. 

(9) Leaving the United States. — Reservists intending to leave the United States, 
or to change their residence or status in any way, which may render them 
unavailable for call, are required to report the fact and the probable duration 
of the absence from the United States, or the unavailability, to the reserve area 
commander. Discharge of such reservists may be effected if the absence or 
other unavailability be sufficiently prolonged to warrant it. 

(10) Deaths. — Upon receipt of notification of the death of a member of the 
reserve on inactive duty, the area or unit commander concerned will, if pos- 
sible, procure a death certificate from the authorities of the locality where the 
death occurred and forward it to the Adjutant and Inspector. When a reserv- 



(13-16) 



*%c 



MARINE CORPS RESERVE 13~53 

ist dies, while on active duty, the same procedure will be followed as in cases 
of death in the regular Marine Corps. (bte*4*h&& ^^o^UyCi£^d 4yGnZL*JL* 

13-52 

Rescinded. (C. M. C. M. 4.) 

Assignments 

13-53 

(1) Eligibility and procedure. — Any enlisted man, a citizen of the United States, 
may obligate himself to serve four years in the Marine Corps Reserve from 
the termination of his enlistment in the regular Marine Corps. The obliga- 
tion contract will be prepared on Form N. M. C. 321f and forwarded to the 
Adjutant and Inspector. Notation of such obligation with the date will be 
made on the bottom of page 1 of the service-record book, as follows : " Obligated 
for reserve (date)." When discharged honorably upon expiration of enlist- 
ment, or within three months thereof, and if physically qualified, a man who 
has so obligated himself will be assigned to Class III of the Fleet Marine Corps 
Reserve. The assignment order will be signed by the man's commanding officer 
on Form N. M. C. 895, effective on the day after discharge and delivered upon 
discharge. Copies of the assignment order will be forwarded to the Adjutant 
and Inspector, the Paymaster, and to the commander of the reserve area to 
which he is assigned. The following notation will be entered on the discharge 
certificate under " Remarks " over the signature of the commanding officer : 
"Assigned to Class III, Fleet Marine Corps Reserve, for four years from 
(date)." (See art. 13-28 as to muster and pay cards and art. 13-51 (4) and 
(5) as to service record books and health records.) (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(2) Assignment for aviation duty. — Men upon assignment to Class III from 
aviation units may, on their request and if qualified, be detailed by the com- 
manding officer. to aviation in the reserve. Notation will be made of such detail 
on the assignment order (Form N. M. C. 895), but not on the obligation con- 
tract. Such detail, will be subject to revocation by the Major General Com- 
mandant. 

(3) Obligation no bar to reenlistment or extension of enlistment. — Enlisted men 
who have obligated themselves to serve four years in the Fleet Marine Corps 
Reserve but who desire to reenlist or extend their enlistments in the regular 
Marine Corps may be permitted to do so, in which event their obligation to 
serve in the Fleet Marine Corps Reserve will be canceled; but in no case 
will the cancellation be made until the man has reenlisted or extended his 
enlistment. However, should such men subsequently while serving in an 
extension of enlistment or reenlistment period desire to again obligate them- 
selves to serve in the Fleet Marine Corps Reserve they may be permitted to 
do so. (C. M. C. M. 4.) 

(4) Men to be informed of benefits of service in the reserve. — Prior to the closing 
of staff returns for discharge, upon expiration of enlistment, commanding 



(13-17) 



13-53 MARINE COUPS MANUAL 

officers will assure themselves that the men concerned have been thoroughly 
informed of the benefits to be derived by serving in the Marine Corps Reserve. 
(See art. 13-19.) 

(5) If within three months a member of Class III is discharged from the 
reserve, the amount of the advance payment made to him will be withheld 
from the enlistment allowance or otherwise refunded. 

(6) In order that the disbursing officer paying the enlistment allowance will 
have the necessary information to effect checkage, the recruiting officer who 
reenlists the man will furnish the assistant paymaster concerned and the 
commanding officer of the post to which the man is transferred the following 
information : 

Name, rank, class in the reserve, date of last discharge from regular Marine 
Corps, and date of discharge from the Marine Corps Reserve. 

(7) If the checkage is to be made from the enlistment allowance on Form 
N. M. C. 424, the letter will be submitted together with this form to the proper 
disbursing officer, who will make the checkage thereon. If the refund is to be 
made against the enlistment allowance by checkage on pay roll where first 
taken up for pay, the above information should be contained thereon, and in 
addition the complete service record of the man concerned, with all reserve 
service, stating class and duration of active and inactive service. 

Tbansfers to the Reseeve Class II (ft), (d) t and (e) 

13-54 

(1) Transfers to Class II (b) and (d). — Enlisted men serving in the regular 
Marine Corps on July 1, 1925, or who, having been discharged therefrom, 
reenlist in the regular Marine Corps within three months from date of dis- 
charge, or who are serving in old reserve on July 1, 1925, in an enrollment 
entered into within four months from the date of their discharge from the 
regular Marine Corps and thereafter reenlist in the regular Marine Corps 
within three months from the date of their discharge from the Marine Corps 
Reserve, shall be entitled to be transferred to the Fleet Marine Corps Reserve 
on the completion of 16 or more years' naval service. 

(2) Transfers to Class II (e). — Men who enlist in the regular Marine Corps 
after July 1, 1925, except as provided in the preceding paragraph, may be 
transferred to the Fleet Marine Corps Reserve only upon the completion of 
at least 20 years' naval service and provided they are then found physically 
and otherwise qualified to perform duty in time of war and apply for such 
transfer. 

(3) Exception to requirement as to citizenship. — Any enlisted man serving in 
the regular Marine Corps on July 1, 1925, who is not a citizen of the United 
States and who on that date has completed not less than eight years' naval 
service, shall be deemed eligible for transfer to Class II in the Fleet Marine 
Corps Reserve upon completion of the minimum amount of service required 
for such transfer. 



(13-18) 



MARINE CORPS RESERVE 13-55 

(4) Applications for transfer. — Commanding officers will indorse the following 
information on all applications for transfer to Class II of the Fleet Marine 
Corps Reserve: 

(a) Rescinded. (C. M. C. M. 2.) 

(b) Time lost during current enlistment under G. O. 155. 

(c) Any extraordinary heroism which occurred during current enlist- 

ment. 

(d) In the case of a man with 20 or more years' service, the average 

marking in conduct during current enlistment. (C. M. C. M. 3.) 

(e) Permanent address after transfer. (C. M. C. M. 4.) 

(5) Permanent address after transfer. — In transmitting staff returns of Class 
II reservists the permanent address of the reservist after transfer will be 
entered in the service-record book. (C. M. C. M. 3 and 4.) 

(6) A member of Class II, Fleet Marine Corps Reserve, who desires to re- 
enlist in the regular Marine Corps will be required, in consideration of accept- 
ance for reenlistment, to waive his right to again transfer to the reserve until 
the expiration of his enlistment. (C. M. C. M. 6.) 

13-55 

Transfers from one class to another. — 

(1) Members of Classes I or IV, Fleet Marine Corps Reserve, who desire to 
transfer to Classes V or VI, Volunteer Marine Corps Reserve, or vice versa, may 
make application to the Major General Commandant through official channels 
for such transfer. 

(2) Members of Class I, Fleet Marine Corps Reserve, may be transferred 
to Class V, Volunteer Marine Corps Reserve, or vice versa, by the Major Gen- 
eral Commandant for the convenience of the Government in order to provide 
training for additional officers, or due to lack of sufficient funds for such train- 
ing, or due to inability to attend drills or training, or for other administrative 
reasons. (C. M. C. M. 4.) 

(3) Members of Class IV, Fleet Marine Corps Reserve, may be transferred 
to Class VI, Volunteer Marine Corps Reserve, by the Major General Com- 
mandant when transferred from a Fleet Marine Corps Reserve company on 
recommendation of the company commander for failure to attend drills, lack 
of interest, removal from company station, or inability to attend drills or train 
due to civil positions. (C. M. C. M. 1 and 5.) 

(4) Transfer of officers from one class to another will be accomplished by 
order of the Major General Commandant, such reassignment to be effective 
from the date specified, and not dependent upon acceptance by the officers 
concerned. (C. M. C. M. 4.) 

(5) An officer transferred from the Volunteer Reserve to the Fleet Reserve 
or from the Fleet Reserve to the Volunteer Reserve will retain his rank and 
precedence. (C. M. C. M. 4.) 



(13 19) 



13-56 MARINE COEPS MANUAL 

Physical Examinations and Retirement 
13-56 

(1) Officers. — All officers of the Marine Corps Reserve shall be examined 
physically once every four years, or oftener if deemed necessary, and if upon 
such examination they are found not physically qualified for active duty, they 
shall be honorably discharged or, within the discretion of the Secretary of 
the Navy, placed on the honorary retired list. The physical examination 
required under paragraphs (2) and (4) of this article will be deemed sufficient 
to meet this requirement. (C. M. G. M. 4.) 

(2) Officers of the Marine Corps Reserve are required to take a physical 
examination before a statutory board of medical officers of the regular Navy, 
if available, for appointment or promotion in the Marine Corps Reserve. If 
medical officers of the regular Navy are not available for this examination, 
it may be conducted by medical officers of the Naval Reserve, or by both Navy 
and Naval Reserve. (C. M. C. M. 1 and 4.) 

(3) If impracticable to assemble the board required by the preceding para- 
graph without mileage or other undue expense, the physical examination may 
be conducted by a medical officer of the regular Navy or the Naval Reserve, 
and when it is impracticable to conduct this examination by either a medical 
officer of the regular Navy or Naval Reserve, the Major General Commandant 
will direct the method by which the examination may be conducted. In such 
cases the report of medical examination, together with the medical history 
of the candidate on file in the department, will be acted upon by the medical 
members of the Marine Corps examining board. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(4) Upon reporting for training duty, or release therefrom, officers of the 
Marine Corps Reserve are required to take a physical examination before a 
medical officer of the regular Navy. The purpose of this examination is to 
determine whether or not the officer is able to perform training duty and that 
his health would not ordinarily be, and has not been, adversely affected by 
such training duty. 

(5) Reports of these examinations shall be made on Bureau of Medicine 
and Surgery Form Y, in duplicate, and forwarded to the Major General Com- 
mandant. In cases of examination for promotion there shall be submitted, in 
addition, such other papers as may be required by naval courts and boards. 



(13-20) 



MARINE CORPS RESERVE 13~57 

be submitted, in addition, such other papers as may be required by naval 
courts and boards. 

(6) In the event that the candidate is being examined for duty involving 
the actual flying of aircraft, there shall be submitted also, on Bureau of 
Medicine and Surgery Form N. M. C, Aviation No. 1, a report of physical 
examination for flying conducted by a flight surgeon. This form shall not, 
however, be required for promotion. 

(7) Enlisted men. — Upon reporting for training or other active duty and upon 
completion of such duty, reservists will be examined by a medical officer who 
will make appropriate entry in their health records. 

(8) Members of class II (a) and (c) are nei required to undergo phys- 
ical examination except when called to active duty. Members of class II (6), 
(d), and (e) shall be examined physically at least once during each four-year 
period. If found not physically qualified, members of class II (fr)^and (d) 
shall be transferred to the retired list of the regular Marine Corps and mem- 
bers of class II (e) shall be discharged. Members of class II (e) discharged 
under these provisions become eligible for admission to the Naval Home at 
Philadelphia, Pa., or, in lieu thereof, a pension equal to one-half of the pay 
of their grade at the time of discharge. Applications for such pensions should 
be made to the Secretary of the Navy. 

(9) Vaccination. — If practicable, all members of the Fleet Marine Corps Re- 
serve should be vaccinated against smallpox and typhoid fever prior to 
reporting for active or training duty and a record of such vaccination entered 
in their health records. Naval medical officers attached to Navy and Marine 
Corps recruiting stations will perform this service free of charge. Men who 
have not been successfully vaccinated against smallpox and typhoid fever 
will be required to undergo such vaccination immediately upon arrival at a 
post or station for the first active or training duty in each enlistment. 

(10) Retirement, c/ass II. — All members of this class shall be transferred to 
the retired list of the regular Marine Corps on completing 30 years' naval 
service, including service and time in the regular Marine Corps, Navy, and in 
the Fleet Marine Corps Reserve established under prior and existing laws. 

Physical Disability and Medical Treatment 

13-57 

(1) Physical injury. — If in time of peace any officer or enlisted man of the 
Marine Corps Reserve is physically injured in the line of duty while perform- 
ing active duty, authorized training duty with or without pay, or when em- 
ployed in authorized travel to and from such duty, or dies as the result of 
such physical injury, he or his beneficiary shall be entitled to all benefits 
prescribed by law for civil employees of the United States who are physically 
injured in the line of duty, or who die as the result thereof; and the United 
States Employees' Compensation Commission shall have jurisdiction in such 
cases, and shall perform the same duties with reference thereto as in the 
cases of civil employees of the United States so injured. In no case shall 

(13-21) 



13-57 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

sickness or disease be regarded as an injury within the meaning of this sec- 
tion relating to the Marine Corps Reserve. 

(2) Injured personnel to receive medical treatment. — If an injury is incurred 
in the vicinity of a place where there is a United States Government activity 
employing civil personnel, the official in charge of that activity shall be com- 
municated with for the purpose of ascertaining if there is a United States 
hospital or dispensary, or hospital or dispensary designated by the United 
States Employees' Compensation Commission, to which the men may be sent 
for examination and first-aid treatment. If such facilities are available the 
injured person must report for treatment without delay. If no such facili- 
ties are available in the vicinity, and the injury is such as to make hospital 
treatment necessary, the injured person may be taken to any hospital which 
may be available; and in such case he may be permitted to select the hos- 
pital; but the Employees' Compensation Commission will pay for hospital 
service in a general ward only. It will, however, be permissible for the 
injured person to obtain service in a private room, provided he will himself 
pay the difference between the private-room rates and the rates fixed for 
general-ward patients. If hospital treatment is not necessary, but medical 
treatment for the injury is necessary, it may be secured in the same general 
manner. 

(3) Commanding officer to report injuries to personnel. — The commanding officer, 
or other person in authority having immediate knowledge of the circumstances, 
shall immediately make a written report to the commanding officer of the 
man's reserve area, setting forth the circumstances under which the person 
was injured, the nature and extent of the injury, so far as known, and what 
action, if any, has been taken to provide /treatment, as well as any other 
information that may be of value in establishing the injured person's right to 
compensation, or medical or hospital service. 

(4) Minor injuries to be recorded. — It is important that every minor injury be 
made a matter of record and first-aid treatment rendered and recorded, as 
experience in handling claims of civil employees has developed the fact that 
injuries, thought to be of no importance at the time they were incurred, are 
subsequently made the basis of claims for compensation or hospital or medical 
treatment. 

(5) Report of injury required on special form. — The action indicated by the 
foregoing paragraphs having been taken, the commanding officer of the reserve 
area, or the official in charge of the nearest United States Government activity 
employing civil personnel, must be consulted, and the necessary forms obtained 
for making the additional reports required by the United States Employees' 
Compensation Commission. 

(6) Claim for compensation must be filed within one year. — Under the terms of 
the compensation act, no claims for benefits on account of an injury can be 
entertained unless filed within one year from the date of the injury so in- 
currod, or in case death results, within one year from the date of death. 

(7) Hospital and medical treatment for men in class II. — Members of class II, 
Marine Corps Reserve, whether on active or inactive duty, are entitled to 

(13-22) 



MARINE CORPS RESERVE 13-58 

hospitalization and medical treatment by the medical personnel of the Navy 
where such facilities and personnel are available. Such treatment will be 
given under the same local rules as apply to the treatment of the enlisted 
personnel of the Navy. 

Discharges 

13-58 

(1) In time of peace a member of the Marine Corps Reserve will be discharged 
upon expiration or termination of service, or may, by special order of the Major 
General Commandant, be discharged for one of the following reasons : 

(a) Upon his own request for business reasons or family responsibility. 
(&) To accept appointment or commission in the Army, Navy, or Marine 

Corps, or the Army, Navy, or Marine Corps Reserve, or the Coast 

Guard or National Guard. 

(c) If found not physically qualified. 

(d) Lack of interest in the reserve. 

(e) Failure to answer official correspondence. 

(f) Failure to qualify for promotion in commissioned grades. 

(g) Because of enlistment or reenlistment in the Army, Navy, Marine 

Corps, or Coast Guard. 
(h) Other good and sufficient cause. 
The regulations covering discharges in the regular Marine Corps shall, so 
far as practicable, govern discharges in the reserve. Reservists enlisting in 
the regular Marine Corps, or in the Navy, will be discharged from the reserve 
as of the same date on which they so enlist, and the following notation placed 
on their discharge certificates: "Discharged because of enlistment (or reenlist- 
ment) in the Marine Corps (or Navy)." (See art. 13-19 (2).) (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(2) Discharge for enlistment in regular service. — Reserve area commanders are 
authorized to discharge members of Classes III, IV, and VI, Marine Corps 
Reserve, because of enlistment or reenlistment in the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, 
or Coast Guard, reporting same on Form N. M. C. 312 and forwarding 4 the 
service and health record as in the case of the discharge of a man in the regular 
service. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(3) Recruiting officers to whom members of Classes III, IV, and VI of the 
Marine Corps Reserve apply for enlistment or reenlistment in the regular 
Marine Corps will effect such enlistment or reenlistment, if the applicants are 
otherwise qualified and will immediately notify the commanding officer of 
the reserve area to which the applicant is attached of the fact and the date. 

In case the applicant is a member of Class III who has completed less than 
three months' service in the reserve, the reserve area commander will notify 
the recruiting officer of this fact, giving the date of last discharge from the 
regular Marine Corps. The recruiting officer will then comply with article 
13-53 (6). (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(4) Refund of initial payment. — Class III men discharged because of enlist- 
ment or reenlistment in the regular Marine Corps, Army. Navy, or Coast 



(18-23) 



13-58 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

Guard; or in Glass IV of the Marine Corps Reserve, within three months of 
their assignment, are required to refund their initial payment. After three 
months from the date of assignment no refund is required. (C. M. C. M. 4.) 

(5) Class III men discharged for any reason other than enlistment or 
reenlistment in the regular Marine Corps, Army, Navy, or Coast Guard, or in 
Class IV of the Marine Corps Reserve, are required to refund last payment. 
(C. M. CM. 4.) 

(6) In time of war or a national emergency all reservists shall be subject to 
separation from the service in the same manner as may be provided for the 
separation of officers and enlisted men of the regular service. 

(7) Discharge upon expiration of enlistment. — Commanding officers of reserve 
areas will discharge enlisted men upon expiration of enlistment. (See art. 
13-80 (10).) (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(8) When the circumstances of the rejection of a reservist at recruit depots 
or recruiting offices for enlistment in the regular Army, Navy, Marine Corps, or 
Coast Guard warrant it, the case will be referred to the Major General Com- 
mandant for consideration of his discharge from the reserve. In these cases 
the reserve area commanders will furnish all the evidence available regarding 
the rejection of the reservist for enlistment in the regular service, together with 
his recommendation regarding the retention or discharge of the reservist. 
(C. M. C. M. 4.) 

Obganization 

13-59 

(1) Reservists are organized in reserve areas as regiments, battalions, com- 
panies, platoons, and aviation squadrons under instructions issued by the Major 
General Commandant. Unless otherwise directed, such units shall conform in 
organization and equipment as far as practicable to corresponding units of the 
regular Marine Corps, and no company shall be organized with less than 45 men. 

(2) Unless otherwise directed by the Major General Commandant, personnel 
will be assigned to organization as follows: 

(a) Regiments: Officers specializing in Infantry combat branches, and en- 
listed men of Classes III, IV, and VI not otherwise assigned. Such specialists 
as are necessary to comply with Tables of Organization. 

(6) Aviation squadrons: Officers and enlisted men detailed for aviation. 

(c) Casual companies: 

First platoon (Artillery) : Officers whose specialty is artillery, and enlisted 
men who have had artillery experience. 

Second platoon (specialists) : Officers whose specialty is engineering, signal 
communications, tanks, gas, staff departments, division of operation and train- 
ing, office of the Judge Advocate General, shore stations, intelligence, recruit; 
training, recruiting, and other administrative duty. Enlisted men of Classes III, 
IV, and VI who have had training in these branches, except those required for 
the regiments, and of Class II who are competent for service in these branches. 

Third platoon: Class II men, except those assigned to the second platoon. 



(18-24) 



MARINE CORPS RESERVE 13-65 

(d) Fleet Reserve companies: Officers of Class I, assigned by the Major 
General Commandant ; enlisted men of Classes IV and VI, assigned in accord- 
ance with instructions of the Major General Commandant. 

(e) Volunteer Reserve companies: In accordance with instructions issued by 
the Major General Commandant. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(3) Battalions and companies will be organized within regiments and as- 
signed to areas as far as possible. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(4) Aviation squadrons and casual companies will be directly under the 
reserve area commander or one of his immediate assistants at the area head- 
quarters. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(5) Inspection. — Fleet Reserve companies shall be inspected at least once 
annually by a field officer of the regular Marine Corps. Units failing to meet 
the prescribed standards of strength and training may, in the direction of the 
Major General Commandant, be disbanded. 

13-60 

Discipline. — Officers and men of the Marine Corps Reserve, when employed 
on active duty, authorized training duty, with or without pay, drill, or other 
equivalent instruction or duty, or when employed in authorized travel to and 
from such duty, drill, or instruction, or during such times as they may by law 
be required to perform active duty in accordance with their obligations, or while 
wearing a uniform prescribed for the reserve, shall be subject to the laws, 
regulations, and orders for the government of the Navy. Disciplinary action 
for an offense committed while so subject to the laws, regulations, and orders 
for the government of the Navy shall not be barred by reason of release from 
duty status of an officer or man charged with the commission thereof. Officers 
and men who have heretofore been or may be transferred to the retired 
list with pay shall at all times be subject to the laws, regulations, and 
orders for the government of the Navy. 

Section *.— TRAINING 

13-65 

(1) Fleet Marine Corps Reserve, Classes I and IV. — In time of peace all members 
of these classes shall be required to perform such training duty as may be pre- 
scribed, not to exceed 15 days annually unless excused therefrom for good and 
sufficient reasons and may, with their consent, be assigned additional training 
duty. 

(2) Class II.— In time of peace all members of this class, with the exception of 
those who were transferred thereto by operation of prior laws, may be required 
to perform not more than two months' active duty in each 4-year period. 

(3) Class ///.—Members of this class shall not, in time of peace, be ordered 
to active duty, except with their own consent, and shall be under no obliga- 
tion to perform training duty or drill. 



(13-25) 



13-65 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

(4) Additional training authorized. — Officers and men may, with their consent, 
be given additional training or other duty, either with or without pay, as may 
be authorized by the Major General Commandant. 

(5) Fleet Reserve companies. — The number and character of drills for Fleet 
Reserve companies will be as prescribed by the Major General Commandant. 
(C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(6) Volunteer Marine Corps Reserve. — Officers and enlisted men of the Volunteer 
Marine Corps Reserve shall not be required to attend drills or perform training 
duty, but may upon their own application be given active duty or training duty. 

(7) Procedure to be followed in effecting training. — Training of reservists will 
be carried on in such training centers and during such months as may be 
prescribed by the Major General Commandant. At a suitable period before 
the opening of the training season reserve area commanders will inform each 
reservist under their command of the general scheme of training for the 
year, in order that the reservists may make their plans accordingly. Upon 
the conclusion of the training season, each reserve area commander will 
submit to the Major General Commandant a report showing the total number 
of reservists in his area required to train, the number who carried out the 
required training, and the number and names of those who failed to train, 
together with reasons for such failure. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(8) Applications for or to be excused from training. — Applications to be excused 
from training, and applications for training from those not required to train, 
will be addressed to the proper reserve area commander and forwarded by 
that officer to the Major General Commandant for action. 

(9) Orders to training duty. — When authorized by the Major General Com- 
mandant, reserve area commanders will issue to reservists under their 
command the necessary orders to the designated post or station, furnishing 
the commanding officer thereof, the Major General Commandant, the Pay- 
master, and the Quartermaster with a copy of the orders. In cases of 
reservist detailed to aviation duty, a copy of the orders will also be furnished 
to the officer in charge of aviation. These orders must cover the following 
points : 

(a) Reference to the authority for the orders. 

(&) The date on which the reservist is placed on training duty. 

(c) The necessary instructions for the travel involved. 

(d) The date on which the reservist is to report at the designated post 

or station. 

(e) If known, the date on which the training period of the reservist 

terminates. 

(f) The necessary instructions relative to the return of the reservist 

to his home. 

(g) The date on which he is to resume his inactive status. 
(h) That the travel enjoined is necessary in the public service. 

(9a) Under section 11 of the act of February 28, 1925 (43 Stat. 1083), the 
pay and allowances to which officers and enlisted men of the Naval Reserve 



(13-26) 



MARINE CORPS RESERVE 13~65 

are entitled while on active duty begin on the date when between the hours 
of two successive midnights they entrain and end on the date when between the 
hours of two successive midnights they could reach their homes following de- 
tachment under orders over the shortest usually traveled route. (7 Comp. 
Gen. 100, August 9, 1927.) (C. M. C. M. 4.) 

(10) Indorsement of orders. — The commanding officer of the post or station to 
which the reservist is ordered will indorse on his orders the date of reporting, 
the date of completion of training or duty, and instructions to carry out the 
unexecuted portion of the orders, and will furnish the Major General Com- 
mandant, the Paymaster, the Quartermaster, and the reserve area commander 
concerned with a copy of the indorsement. 

(11) Training duty defined. — Training duty is defined as any active duty for 
training, other than week-end cruises, performed under competent orders from 
either the Major General Commandant or the reserve area commander. 

(12) Definition of a drill. — A drill will be interpreted as an assembly, other 
than a week-end cruise, designated in advance, at which practical work of 
not less than one and one-half hours' duration in duties pertaining to the 
Marine Corps is conducted, except that one-half hour of actual flying performed 
by a member of the Marine Corps Reserve detailed to aviation duty shall 
be considered as one drill. 

(18) Appropriate duties for members of the Fleet Marine Corps Reserve, within 
the meaning of section 21 of the Naval Reserve act are defined as any duties, 
other than week-end cruises, previously authorized by the Major General 
Commandant and prescribed by the reservist's immediate commanding officer 
as appropriate to the rank or rating of the reservist concerned, and performed 
in unbroken periods of not less than one and one-ha.lf hours each, except 
that one-half hour of actual flying duty peri erined by a member of the avia- 
tion branch of the Fleet Marine Corps Reserve shall be allowed in lieu of 
one and one-half hours of other duty. Not more than one period of appro- 
priate duty shall be held in any one week, except that in the case of members 
of the aviation branch of tja€' Fleet Marine Corps Reserve not more than four 
periods of appropriate cfcfty shall be held in any one week. Such periods of 
appropriate duty shatf form a basis for computing the rate of compensation 
under article 13-70^ (C. M. C. M. 1 and 2.) 

(14) Whenever the appropriate duty consists of actual flying duty, said duty 
may be performed in Army, Navy, or Marine Corps aircraft. Such flights 
need not be" designated in advance, but the individual concerned must arrange 
with the commanding officer of the air station for such flights and must obtain 
from him a certificate of flight, which should be forwarded to his reserve area 
commander as evidence of the appropriate duty performed. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 



(13-26a) 



' - 



MARINE OOBPS EESEEVE 



13-70 



(lfr^Appropr/ate duties for members of the Fleet Marine Corps Reserve, within 
the meaning of section 21 of the Naval Reserve act are denned as any duties, 
other than week-end cruises, previously authorized by the Major General 
Commandant and prescribed by the reservist's immediate commanding officer 
as appropriate to the rank or rating of the reservist concerned, and performed 
in unbroken periods of not less than one and one-half hours each, except 
that one-half hour of actual flying duty performed by a member of the avia- 
tion branch of the Fleet Marine Corps Reserve shall be allowed in lieu of 
one and one-half hours of other duty. Not more than one period of appro- 
priate duty shall be held in any one week. Such periods of appropriate duty 
shall form a basis for computing the rate of compensation under article 13-70. 
(C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(14) Whenever the appropriate duty consists of actual flying duty, said duty 
may be performed pr Army, Navy, or Marine Corps aircraft. Such flights 
need not be designated in advance, but the individual concerned must arrange 
with the commanding officer of the air station for such flights and must obtain 
from him a certificate of flight, which should be forwarded to his reserve area 
commlander as evidence of the appropriate duty performed. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

Sect/on 9.— PAY AND ALLOWANCES 

13-70 

(1) Pay other than active and training duty pay authorized for Marine Corps 

Reserve 



Class 



FLEET MARINE CORPS 
RESERVE 

Class I. Officers 

(a) Attached to a Fleet Reserve 
company or larger unit: 
1. Above rank of captain.. 



2. Below rank of major... 



(t) Not attached to Fleet Reserve 
company or larger unit: 
1. Above rank of captain.. 



2. Below rank of major. 



Rate of pay 



*Not to exceed $500 per annum 
for satisfactory performance of 
duties under such regulations 
as the Secretary of the Navy 
may prescribe. 

One-thirtieth monthly base pay 
for each drill, limited to pay for 
60 drills in each fiscal year. 



"Not to exceed $500 per annum 
for satisfactory performance of 
duties under such regulations 
as the Secretary of the Navy 
may prescribe. 

"Not to exceed four-thirtieths of 
monthly base pay of grade per 
month for satisfactory perform- 
ance of duties under such re- 
gulations as the Secretary of 
the Navy may prescribe. 



Remarks 



Officers under (a), of or below 
rank of colonel, $240 per year 
additional if commanding an 
organization and having admin- 
istrative duties. 



Officers are not entitled to drill 
pay or pay for satisfactory per- 
formance of duties during a 
period when lawfully entitled 
to pay for active duty or train- 
ing duty. 



* See art. 13-65(13). 



(13-27) 



13-70 



MARINE CORPS MANUAL 



(1) Pay other than active and training duty pay authorized for Marine Corps 

Reserve — Continued 



Class 



Rate of pay- 



Remarks 



Class II. Enlisted Men 

(a) Men transferred to reserve 
prior to July 1, 1925, after 
at least 16 years' naval serv- 
ice. 

(6) Men transferred subsequent 
to July 1, 1925, after at least 
16 years' naval service, un- 
der sec. 26, act approved 
Feb. 28, 1925. 

(c) Men transferred to reserve 

prior to July 1, 1925, after at 
least 20 years' naval service. 

(d) Men transferred subsequent 

to July 1, 1925, after at least 
20 years' naval service under 
sec. 26, act approved Feb. 
28, 1925. 

(e) Men transferred to reserve 

with at least 20 years' naval 
service, who first enlist or 
reenlist following a period of 
broken service, subsequent 
to July 1, 1925. 

Class III. Assigned Men 

(a) Those who have obligated 
themselves prior to dis- 
charge to serve 4 years in 
the Fleet Reserve upon 
completion of an enlist- 
ment. 



Class IV 

(a) Men enlisting in Fleet Re- 
serve: 

1. Attached to a regularly 

organized company or 
larger unit. 

2. Not attached to a regu- 

larly organized com- 
pany or larger unit. 



(6) Enrolled men of the old Ma- 
rine Corps Reserve trans- 
ferred to the new Fleet Ma- 
rine Corps Reserve to serve 
out unexpired portion of 
their enrollment. 

VOLUNTEER MARINE 
CORPS RESERVE 



Class V. Officers 

Class VI. Enlisted Men. 



** One-third base pay plus perma- 
nent additions. 



Same as II (a) . 



** One-half base pay plus perma- 
nent additions. 

Same as II (c) 



One-half base pay. 



$25 per annum, payable in ad- 
vance. 



One-thirtieth monthly base pay 
for each drill, limited to pay for 
60 drills in each fiscal year. 

*Not to exceed £> of monthly base 
pay of grade per month for sat- 
isfactory performance of duties 
under such regulations as the 
Secretary of the Navy may pre- 
scribe. 

Same as Class IV (a) 



Entitled to 10 per cent increase if 
► credited with extraordinary 
heroism in line of duty. 



Entitled to 10 per cent increase if 
credited with extraordinary 
heroism in line of duty or whose 
conduct marks, for 20 years or 
more, are not less than 95 per 
cent. 



Class II (a), (6), (c), (d), and (c) 
not entitled to inactive duty pay 
during a period when lawfully 
entitled to full pay and allow- 
ances for active duty or training 
duty. 



"Except when, with their own 
consent, they become attached 
to an organized company or 
larger unit of the Fleet Marine 
Corps Reserve, or satisfactorily 
perform appropriate duties as- 
signed by direction of the Sec- 
retary of the Navy. 



Not entitled during a period when 
lawfully entitled to pay for ac- 
tive duty or training duty. 



jNo pay provided. 



* See art. 13-65(13). 

** Sec. 3 of the act of May 31, 1924 (43 Stat. 251), amending sec. 10 of the act of June 10, 1922, provides 
that: The retainer pay of all men who were on that day (July 1, 1922) transferred members of the * * * 
Fleet Marine Corps Reserve shall be computed on the rates of pay authorized for enlisted men * * * 
by the act approved June 10, 1922: Provided, That the retainer pay of such reservists shall be not less than 
that to which they were entitled on June 30, 1922, under decisions of the Comptroller of the Treasury in 
force on that date. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(13-28) 



MARINE CORPS RESERVE 13-70 

(2) Pay and allowances on active duty or duty for training. — Commissioned 
officers on active duty or on training duty with pay, or when employed in 
authorized travel to and from such duty, shall be deemed to have been con- 
firmed in grade and qualified for all general service and shall receive the pay 
and allowances, including longevity pay, as provided by law for the reserve 
forces of the United States, and shall, when traveling under orders, receive 
transportation in kind, mileage, or actual expenses as provided by law for 
travel performed by officers of the regular Marine Corps. 

(3) When reserve officers are authorized by law to receive Federal pay, 
those serving in grades corresponding to those of colonel, lieutenant colonel, 
major, captain, first lieutenant, and second lieutenant shall receive the pay 
of the sixth, fifth, fourth, third, second, and first periods, respectively. 

(4) Warrant officers and men of the Marine Corps Reserve when employed 
on active duty or on training duty with pay, or when employed in authorized 
travel to and from such duty, shall receive the same pay and allowances as 
received by warrant officers and enlisted men of the regular Marine Corps of 
the same rank and grade and of the same length of service, which shall include 
active service in the regular Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Coast Guard, Coast 
and Geodetic Survey, and Public Health Service, active Federal service in the 
National Naval Volunteers, active Federal and State service in the Naval 
Militia, exclusive of retired or reserve service therein, and active Federal 
service other than for training in the Naval Reserve Force, Marine Corps 
Reserve, or Naval Reserve. (C. M. C. M. 1 and 6.) 

(5) When officers and men of the Marine Corps Reserve perform active 
duty or training duty with pay for a period of less than 30 days, such duty 
performed on the 31st day of any month shall be paid for at the same rate 
as for other days. 

(6) Uniform gratuity for officers. — Upon appointment in the Fleet Marine Corps 
Reserve each officer shall be paid the sum of $100 for purchase of required 
uniforms, and thereafter he shall be paid an additional sum of $50 for the 
same purpose upon completion of each period of four years in the Fleet Marine 
Corps Reserve. Any officer who has received uniform gratuity before July 1, 
1925, shall not be entitled to either of the above-mentioned sums until the 
expiration of four years from the date of such gratuity. In time of war or 
national emergency a further sum of $150 will be paid to officers of all classes 
of the Marine Corps Reserve when they first report for active duty. 

(7) The above gratuities shall be paid when the officer concerned certifies 
that he has in his possession, in good condition, the articles of uniform and 
equipment specified in article 13-75. 

(8) Claims for payment of uniform gratuity should in all cases be prepared 
on Form N. M. C. 890 by the reserve area commander, or other proper command- 
ing officer, concerned and submitted to the Paymaster, Headquarters, Marine 
Corps, for payment. (C. M. C. M. 6.) 

(9) Aviation duty. — Officers and men detailed for training or other duty in 
aviation which involves actual flying in aircraft, in accordance with the regu- 
lations prescribed by the Secretary of the Navy, shall receive the same in- 
crease of the pay of their grades or ranks as may be received by officers and 
enlisted men in similar grades or ranks in the regular Marine Corps for the 
performance of similar duty, 

(13-29) 



13-70 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

(10) Payments. — Officers and men of the Marine Corps Reserve entitled to 
pay on an inactive status will be paid by the Paymaster, Marine Corps. 

(11) Members of Class II, Marine Corps Reserve, will be paid monthly and 
members of Class III annually. 

(12) Officers and men of the Marine Corps Reserve ordered to active duty 
or duty for training with pay will be paid for such periods by the assistant 
paymaster carrying the accounts of the post or station to which the reservist 
is assigned to duty. 

(13) Payment of men assigned to Glass III. — When the account of an enlisted 
man who has obligated himself to serve four years in Class III, Fleet Marine 
Corps Reserve, upon discharge from the regular Marine Corps, is closed for 
discharge, a credit of $25 will be included in the statement of the account 
on Form NMC 90 to cover the first annual advance payment, supported by 
an entry in the remarks as follows: "Has obligated himself to serve four 
years in Class III, F. M. C. R." The assistant paymaster or the assistant 
paymaster's deputy making final settlement will include this credit on Form 
NMC 423 and will also prepare an additional copy of NMC 423 in these cases 
for transmittal to the Paymaster, Marine Corps, for his information in connec- 
tion with subsequent annual payments. 

(14) On or about the first of each month reserve area commanders, or other 
proper commanding officers, will certify to the Paymaster, Marine Corps, for 
payment, all members of Class III, F. M. C. R., who are due for anniversary 
payment of $25 during that month. The proper disbursing officer of the Pay- 
master's office, Headquarters Marine Corps, will make a card payment of 
$25, forwarding this check to the proper area commander or other proper com- 
manding officer for delivery to the man concerned. The reserve area com- 
mander or other proper commanding officer, will acknowledge receipt and 
delivery of the check on Form NMC 329, or if delivery is not made, due 
to separation from the reserve or lack of proper address, this information 
will be noted on NMC 329 and returned, together with the check, to the 
Paymaster, Headquarters Marine Corps. The right of a member of Class 
III to receive and retain the advance payment of $25 per annum is not affected 
by reason of active duty performed during his period of assignment to Class 
III. (6 Comp. Gen. 19, July 9, 1926.) (C. M. C. M. 4 and 6.) 

(15) In the event a man obligates himself after his account has been closed, 
but prior to delivery of discharge, the commanding officer shall issue a supple- 
mentary NMC 90 containing the required information. The disbursing officer 
on receipt of the supplementary NMC 90 will make payment by check, and if 
the check be issued and claimed in the same month as check for final settle- 
ment, original NMC 423 will be corrected to show additional payment; but if 
the final settlement and annual advance payment are to be claimed in different 
months an additional NMC 423 must be prepared and cross reference made 
between the two vouchers. 

(16) Paymaster to be notified of transfers. — The reserve area commander will 
notify the Paymaster promptly of all transfers of reservists from his reserve 
area to another reserve aren. using Form NMC 312 for this purpose. 

(13-30) 



MARINE COEPS RESERVE 13~70 

(17) Reenlistment in the regular Marine Corps. — See article 13-19. 

(18) Transportation and subsistence. — See article 13-80 (15) and (16). 

(19) Payment of members of the Marine Corps Reserve, classes I and IV, when not 
on active duty or training duty. — Vouchers for compensation will be transmitted in 
duplicate to the Paymaster for settlement at the close of each fiscal quarter, 
and at the expiration of enlistment of the reservist. (C. M. 0. M. 1.) 

(20) In the event that no service entitling the reservist to pay was rendered 
during the quarter, no voucher will be submitted, but the reserve area com- 
mander will submit a blanket certificate, setting forth the names and ranks 
of all reservists for whom vouchers have not been submitted, with the notation 
" No drills performed " or " No appropriate duties performed," as may be 
appropriate. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(21) Forms and vouchers. — The following vouchers (to be rendered in dupli- 
cate) will be used in connection with the payment of reservists on inactive duty : 

N. M. C. 887 P. M. Notice of enlistment in the Marine Corps Reserve. 

N. M. C. 888 P. M. Transfer between classes. 

N. M. C. 889 P. M. Notice of discharge, enlisted men. 

N. M. C. 890 P. M. Uniform gratuity. 

N. M. C. 891 P. M. Compensation for drill or equivalent duty pay. 

N. M. C. 892 P. M. Compensation for appropriate duties, above rank of captain. 

N. M. C. 893 P. M. Compensation for appropriate duties, below rank of major. 

N. M. C. 894 P.M. Compensation for command. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(22) Form N. M. C. 887 will be prepared and submitted to the Paymaster, 
Marine Corps by the reserve area commander immediately upon the enlist- 
ment or reenlistment of an enlisted man of the Fleet Marine Corps Reserve. 

(23) Form N. M. C. 888 will be prepared and submitted to the Paymaster, 
Marine Corps, by the reserve area commander, whenever a transfer is effected 
between the Fleet Marine Corps Reserve and the Volunteer Marine Corps 
Reserve, or vice versa, or between classes within the Fleet Marine Corps 
Reserve. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(24) Form N. M. C. 889 will be prepared and submitted to the Paymaster, 
Marine Corps, by the reserve area commander, whenever an enlisted man 
of the Marine Corps Reserve is discharged for any cause. This form will be 
attached to and form a part of Form N. M. C. 891 or N. M. C. 893, as appro- 
priate. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(25) Form N. M. C. 890 will be prepared and submitted to the Paymaster, 
Marine Corps, by the reserve area commander whenever an officer of the 
Fleet Marine Corps Reserve becomes entitled to a uniform gratuity. 
(C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(26) Form N. M. C. 891 will be prepared and submitted to the Paymaster, 
Marine Corps, by the reserve area commander, at the close of each fiscal 
quarter and at the expiration of enlistment of enlisted men of the Fleet 
Marine Corps Reserve. Reserve area commanders will prepare this form from 
data furnished them by immediate commanding officers of reserve organiza- 
tions. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(13-31) 



13-70 



MARINE CORPS MANUAL 



(27) Form N. M. C. 892 will be prepared and submitted to the Paymaster, 
Marine Corps, by the reserve area commander, at the close of each fiscal 
quarter. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(28) Form N. M. C. 893 will be prepared and submitted to the Paymaster, 
Marine Corps, by the reserve area commander, at the close of each fiscal 
quarter and at the expiration of enlistment of enlisted men of the Fleet Marine 
Corps Reserve. (CM. Cf M. 1.) 

(29) Form N. M. C. 894 will be prepared and submitted to the Paymaster, 
Marine Corps, by the reserve area commander, at the close of each fiscal 
quarter. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(30) Payments for compensation for drill or equivalent duty pay, or for 
appropriate duties, will be made by individual check drawn to the order of the 
reservist concerned. Checks will be forwarded by letter of transmittal at the 
close of each fiscal quarter to the reserve area commander to whose area the 
reservist is assigned, for further transmittal to the individual. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 



(31) 



Retired pay, Marine Corps Reserve 



Class 



Rate of pay 



Retirement 



Class I. Honorary retired list, 
Marine Corps Reserve. 



Class II. Retired list, regular 
Marine Corps: 
(o) and (c) 



(6) and (d) . 



(e). 



Class V. Honorary retired list, 
Marine Corps Reserve. 



No pay or allowances provided- 



Pay they were receiving on date 
of retirement, plus allowances 
authorized for retired men regular 
Marine Corps. 

Pay they were receiving on date 
of retirement, plus allowances 
authorized for retired men regular 
Marine Corps. If retired for 
physical disability before comple- 
tion of 30 years' service, pay they 
were receiving on date of retire- 
ment; but upon completion of 30 
years' naval service, including 
time on the retired list, will re- 
ceive the same pay and allowances 
as class II (a) and (c). 

Pay they were receiving on date 
of retirement, plus allowances 
authorized for retired men regular 
Marine Corps. 

No pay or allowances provided 



Upon attaining age of 64 years; 
if found disqualified upon physi- 
cal examination; or upon ap- 
proved request after 25 years' 
naval service. 



Upon completion 30 years' service, 
including service in reserve. 



Upon completion 30 years' service, 
including service in reserve. 
Also at any time if found dis- 
qualified upon physical exami- 
nation. 



Upon completion of 30 years' serv- 
ice, including service in reserve. 



Upon attaining age of 64 years; if 
found disqualified upon physical 
examination; or upon approved re- 
quest after 25 years' naval service. 



Note. — No retirement authorized for classes III, IV, and VI. 
Section 10.— UNIFORM 



13-75 

(1) The uniform for officers and enlisted men of the Marine Corps Reserve 
shall be the same as that prescribed for corresponding* ranks and grades of 
officers and enlisted men of the regular Marine Corps. 

(13-32) 



(19) 



MAKiJNK COUPS RESfifiVE 
Retired pay, Marine Corps Reserve 



ib-75 



Class 



Class I. Honorary retired list, 
Marine Corps Reserve. 



Class II. Retired list, regular 
Marine Corps: 
(a) and (6) 



(c) and (a). 



(«). 



Class V. Honorary retired list, 
Marine Corps Reserve. 






Rate of pay 



No pay or allowances provided. 



Pay they were receiving on date 
of retirement, plus allowances 
authorized for retired men regular 
Marine Coii s. 

Pay they were receiving on date 
of retirement, plus allowances 
authorized for retired men regular 
Marine Corps. If retired for 
physical disability before comple- 
tion of 30 years' service, pay they 
were receiving on date of retire- 
ment; but upon completion of 30 
years' naval service, including 
time on the retired list, will re- 
ceive the same pay and allowances 
as class II, A and C. 

Pay they were receiving on date 
of retirement, plus allowances 
authorized for retired men regular 
Marine Corps. 

No pay or allowances provided 



Retirement 



Upon attaining age of 64 years; 
if found disqualified upon physi- 
cal examination; or upon ap- 
proved request after 25 years, 
naval service. 



Upon completion 30 years' service, 
inclxiding service in reserve. 



Upon completion 30 years' service, 
including service in reserve. 
Also at any time if found dis- 
qualified upon physical exami^ 
nation. 



Upon completion of 30 years' serv 
ice, including service in reserve. 



Upon attaining age of 64 years; 
if found disqualified upon physi- 
cal examination; or upon ap- 
proved request after 25 years' 
naval service. 



Note.— No retirement authorized for classes III, IV. and VI. 

Section 10.— UNIFORM 

I 

13—75 

(1) The uniform for officers and enlisted men of the Marine Corps Reserve 
shall be the same as that prescribed for corresponding ranks and grades of 
officers and enlisted men of the regular Marine Corps, except that reserve 
officers shall wear the letter " R " on the service and dress coat collar, and 
on the flannel shirt collar when the coat is not worn, as prescribed in para- 
graph 287, Uniform Regulations, United States Marine Corps. 

(2) Officers ordered to active duty for training. — Except as provided in para- 
graph (3), reserve officers ordered to active duty for training will provide 
themselves with the following articles of uniform : 

*1 belt, officer's, Sam Browne pattern (commissioned officer's only). 
*1 belt, undress, warrant officer's (warrant officers and pay clerks only). 
**1 belt, trousers, woven. 



* These articles, or buttons and materials for making uniforms, may be purchased from 
the depot quartermaster, United States Marine Corps, 1100 South Broad Street, Phila- 
delphia, Pa. 

** These articles may be purchased from any depot or post quartermaster. 

(13-27) 



13-75 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

*3 breeches, service, summer, pairs. 
*1 breeches, service, winter, pair. 

1 cap, service, summer (khaki cap cover may be substituted). 
1 cap, service, winter. 
*2 coats, service, summer. 
*1 coat, service, winter. 
**1 hat, field. 
1 hat, cord. 

1 insignia of rank, for coat, pair (commissioned officers only). 
1 insignia of rank, for flannel shirt, pair (commissioned officers only). 
1 insignia, warrant officer's, bronze, pair (warrant officers and pay clerks 

only). 
1 leggings, russet, pair. 
1 letters, " R," bronze, pair. 
1 ornament, cap and hat, bronze. 
1 ornaments, collar, bronze, pair. 
•*1 scarf, field. 
**2 shirts, flannel. 
**1 shoes, russet, pair. 

(3) Exceptions. — The winter service cap, coat, and breeches, or the summer 
service cap, coat, and breeches, need not be provided if not actually needed 
for use. Reserve officers may be required to provide themselves with over- 
coats, blue or white uniforms (in lieu of winter or summer service uniform), 
and swords, when ordered to duty requiring the use of those articles. The 
procurement of uniforms not specified in this and the preceding paragraph is 
optional. 

(4) Wearing of uniform. — Members of the Marine Corps Reserve shall wear 
the uniform of their rank and grade when at drills. They may wear such 
uniforms at ceremonies and memorial services. 

Section 11.— CLOTHING, EQUIPMENT, SUBSISTENCE, AND TRANSPORTATION 

13-80 

(1) General provisions. — Except as otherwise provided in this -chapter, enlisted 
men of the Marine Corps Reserve, when employed on active duty, or on train- 
ing duty, shall be furnished quarters, subsistence, transportation, and such 
articles of clothing and equipment as may be necessary for the proper per- 
formance of the duty to which they are assigned, as authorized for enlisted men 
of the regular Marine Corps. 

(2) Books. — Officers and organized units of the Marine Corps Reserve will 
be supplied by the Quartermaster's Department with such publications neces- 

* These articles, or buttons and materials for making uniforms, may be purchased from 
the depot quartermaster, United States Marine Corps, 1100 South Broad Street* Phila- 
delphia, Pa. 

** These articles may be purchased from aJiy depot or post, quartermaster. 

(13-28) 



MARINE COUPS RESERVE 13-75 

(2) Officers ordered to active duty for training. — Reserve officers ordered to 
active duty for training at Quantico or San Diego siiall provide themselves 
with the following articles of uniform : 

*1 belt, officers, Sam Browne pattern, with one shoulder strap. 
* : "1 belt, trousers, woven. 

tj collars, white, linen. 
**1 hat, field. 

1 hat cord. 

1 insignia of rank. pair. 

1 ornament, cap and hat, bronze. 

1 ornaments, collar, bronze, pair. 

1 leggings, russet, pair. 
**J scarf, black. 
**1 scarf, field. 
'■'•• 3 shirts, cotton, khaki. 

4 shirts, plain white. 
**2 shoes, russet, pairs. (C. M. C. If. 3.) 

(3) In addition to the articles prescribed in paragraph (2), officers ordered to 
active duty for training at Quantico or San Diego shall provide themselves 
v\ r ith articles of uniform as noted below : 

QUANTICO 

*3 breeches, service, summer, pairs. 
*2 coats, service, summer. 
1 cap, service, summer. 
*1 buttons, coat, bronze, set. 

SAN DIEGO 

*1 coat, service, winter (with buttons). 
*1 breeches, service, winter, pair. 
1 cap, service, winter. 
*2 breeches, service, summer, pairs. (C. M. C. M. 3.) 

(4) To be entitled to uniform gratuity, Fleet Marine Corps Reserve Officers 
of the Eastern, Central, and Southern Reserve Areas are required to provide 
themselves with the articles of uniform and equipment prescribed for training 
at marine barracks, Quantico, Va., and officers of the Fleet Marine Corps Re- 
serve attached to the Western Reserve Area those prescribed for training at 
Marine Corps base., naval operating base, San Diego, Calif. (C. M. C. M. 3.) 

(5) The procurement of regulation uniforms and equipment not specified in 
p-!.!',. graphs (2) and (3) is optional unless an officer is ordered on some specific 
duty requiring their use. (C. M. C. M. 3.) 

** These articles may be purchased from any depot or post quartermaster. 

* These articles, or buttons and materials for making uniforms, may be purchased 
from the depot quartermaster, United States Marine Corps, 1100 South Broad Street, 
Philadelphia, Pa. 

(13-33) 



13-75 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

(6) Wearing of uniform. — Members of the Marine Corps Reserve shall wear 
the uniform of their rank and grade when at drills. They may wear such 
uniforms at ceremonies and memorial services. 

Section 11. —CLOTHING, EQUIPMENT, SUBSISTENCE, AND TRANSPORTATION 

13-80 

(1) General provisions. — Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, enlisted 
men of the Marine Corps Reserve, when employed on active duty, or on training 
duty, shall be furnished quarters, subsistence, transportation, and such articles 
of clothing and equipment as may be necessary for the proper performance of 
the duty to which they are assigned, as authorized for enlisted men of the 
regular Marine Corps. 

(2) Books. — Officers and Fleet Reserve companies will be supplied by the 
Quartermaster's Department with such publications necessary for their instruc- 
tion and training as the Major General Commandant may direct. Publications 
so issued shall be turned in to the depot quartermaster, United States Marine 
Corps, Philadelphia, Pa., upon separation from the service of the officer or 
disbandment of the organization possessing them. 

(3) Clothing, allowance of, in time of peace. — In time of peace, upon first 

reporting for training or active duty, enlisted men of the Marine Corps Reserve 

shall have issued to them, as a loan, such of the articles of clothing listed below 

as the commanding officer of the post or station where the men report may deem 

necessary for their health and comfort and for the proper performance of 

the duty assigned to them, considering the season of the year and climatic 

conditions, viz: 

Expected 
,..,.-„ to last 

(a) Articles — Con. (months) 

1 belt, trousers, woven 6 

1 cap, service, winter 1 6 

1 cap, frame 23 6 

1 cap cover, khaki 28 6 

1 coat, service, summer 8 . 6 

1 coat, service, winter 1 6 

'2 drawers, knee 2 

1 gloves, woolen, pair 1 6 

1 leggings, pair 6 

1 Ornament, cap, bronze. 6 

(&) Enlisted men of Fleet Reserve companies will be issued the following 
articles of clothing, in lieu of the above allowance, upon joining the company 
or as soon thereafter as practicable, the length of time they are expected to last 
to be the same as in the case of corresponding articles listed under (a) above: 

1 Not to be issued when summer service uniforms are worn. 

« A field hat may be issued in lieu of the cap frame and cap cover where necessary. 

•Not to be issued when winter service uniforms are worn. 

(13-34) 



Expected 
, v . ,. , to last 

(a) Articles: (months) 



1 ornaments, collar, 

bronze, pair 6 

1 scarf, field 6 

1 shoes, russet, pair 4 

. 2 shirts, cotton, khaki 6 

3 socks, cotton, pairs 1 

3 trousers, service, sum- 
mer 3 4 

1 trousers, service, win- 
ter * 6 

<3> undershirts, cotton 2 



MARINE CORPS RESERVE 13-80 

For drills and training: 
1 belt, trousers, woven. 

1 hat, field, with strap. 

2 leggins, pairs (one to be issued upon enlistment and one upon first 

reporting for active duty training). 
1 numerals, bronze, hat, set (when required). 
1 ornament, bronze, hat. "f- o&tiuxs* i£r. 
1 overcoat. t rnu k.^ «*- 

1 scarf, field. *^a*4T 

2 shirts, cotton, khaki. /^vX^"^^^ 

2 shoes, russet, pairs (one to be issued upon enlistment and one upon first 
reporting for active duty training). 

2 socks, cotton, pairs. 

3 trousers, service, summer. 

^fi chevrons or insignia, service, summer, sets (to men entitled to wear 
them ) . 
1 chevrons or insignia, service, winter, set (to men entitled to wear them 
on the overcoat). 
For dress: 

1 cap, dress. 
1 coat, dress. 



1 gloves, cotton, pair. J^<^r' 

1 ornament, eilt. caD. % bJfa*> f 



1 ornament, gilt, cap. 1> twus'^'J 

1 ornaments, gilt, collar, saet. 

1 trousers, dress. 

1 chevrons or insignia, dress, set (to men entitled to wear them). 

1 cap frame and 1 cap cover, white, may-be issued where white cap 
cweis-ase-worn- at adjacent nrarine barracks. (C. M. 0. M. 1 and 3.) 
A dress belt, dress-belt plate, and dress-belt pistol holster and bayonet scab- 
bard slide will be issued, on memorandum receipt, to each man furnished a 
dress uniform, but these articles, being classed as equipment, are not to be 
charged as clothing and will not be entered and receipted for on the clothing 
issue slip when issued. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(4) Clothing issued to a reservist remains Government property which he may 
wear only while on active or training duty and on occasions when the 
wearing of the uniform is appropriate, and which he will be required to turn 
in upon separation from the reserve (other than discharge for enlistment 
or reenlistment in the regular Marine Corps) and upon transfer from the 
Fleet Reserve to the Volunteer Reserve, or from a Fleet Reserve company as 
provided in paragraph (23) (b) of this article. (G. M. C. M. 2.) 

(5) Manner of issuing. — The issues authorized in the preceding paragraph, 
and replacement issues authorized in the following paragraph, will be made 
in the same manner as gratuitous issues to enlisted men of the regular 
Marine Corps, except that the triplicate (white copy) of the issue sl'p shall 
be securely pasted in the service-record book of the reservist to whom the 
articles appearing thereon have been issued. Issu s to reservists will be 
abstracted on a separate abstract of clothing issued. 

(13-35) 



13-80 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

(6) Replacement of clothing worn out. — Articles of clothing issued to a reserv- 
ist, in accordance with paragraph (3), which become unserviceable, through 
reasonable wear and tear in service, or through no fault of the man con- 
cerned, will be replaced by an issue of like articles. In making such re- 
placements the period of time that each article may be ordinarily expected 
to last, shown in paragraph (3), will be used as a guide, and only the actual 
total length of time the reservist served on training or active duty since the 
article to be replaced was issued to him, as shown by his service-record book, 
will be considered in determining the length of time it has been in use. 

(7) Replacement of clothing lost or damaged. — Issues to replace articles of 
clothing issued to a reservist and lost or damaged through improper use, 
neglect,, or earlessness for which he is responsible will be made at his ex- 
pense, either as a sale or by checkage against his pay. The commanding 
officer of the post where the issue is to be made will decide such cases and 
inform the issuing officer of his decision. 

(8) Issues of clothing in excess of allowance will be made only as sales for 
cash, and such sales limited to articles and quantities required by reservists 
for their personal use as such. (See art. 22-41.) 

(9) Blankets and overcoats necessary for use of enlisted reservists reporting 
for training or active duty in time of peace will be issued to them as; a loan, 
and upon the completion of such duty will be turned in to the accountable 
officer, who will have them cleaned and sterilized, and place them in store 
for reissue for similar purposes. 

(10) Settlement of clothing account for discharge or transfer. — When a reservist 
who has drawn clothing during his current enlistment in or assignment to the 
reserve is required to turn in the clothing in his possession by reason of dis- 
charge or transfer, as provided in paragraphs (4) and (23) (b) of this article, 
and is unable to turn in all of the articles of clothing issued to him, the clothing 
allowance which he has earned by active or training duty will be used as a credit 
to offset the shortage. If the shortage exceeds such credit, and it is due to the 
fault or neglect of the reservist, the excess will be either checked against pay 
due him, or he will be called upon to make the deficiency good by cash payment. 
In computing the clothing allowance due a reservist for this purpose, he will 
be credited with such allowance for each day of active or training duty with 
pay, not exceeding 365 days in the aggregate, at the rate authorized for the 
first year of enlistment in the regular Marine Corps, and for days of service 
on such duty in excess of 365 clays at the rate authorized for the second year 
of service in the regular Marine Corps, In the case of a reservist attached to 

ularly organized company or other unit, attendance at an authorized drill 
will be regarded as a day of training duty. In cases where there is reason to 
believe that the reservist is entitled to credit for more days of active or train- 
ing duty than his service-record book or other records on hand show, a report 
of the fact, stating what the records do show, will be forwarded to the Quarter- 
master in time for verification before discharge. (C. M. C. M. 2.) 

(11) Issues to reenlisted reservists. — Reenlisted reservists will be issued such 
articles of clothing as may be necessary to provide them with the outfit 

(13-36) 



MARINE CORPS RESERVE 13~80 

(&) When an enlisted man of a Fleet Reserve company is separated from the 
company to which he is attached, otherwise than by transfer to another Fleet 
Reserve company or discharge for enlistment in the regular Marine Corps, he 
will turn in all Marine Corps clothing issued to him, except unserviceable articles 
covered by the clothing allowance accrued to his credit for days of active or 
training duty with pay, including authorized drills, such allowance to be com- 
puted at the rate prescribed in paragraph (10). Clothing so turned in will be 
taken up by certificate on the property account of the company commander 
concerned. (C. M. C. M. 1 and 2.) 

(c) Requisitions for equipment required by Fleet Reserve companies will be 
submitted to the Quartermaster, through the reserve area commanders, unless 
otherwise directed by the Quartermaster. The commanding officer of the com- 
pany will be the accountable officer for all Marine Corps property furnished to 
his command and will account therefor in the same manner as prescribed for 
accountable officers in the regular Marine Corps. (C. M. C. M. I.) 

(24) Records and reports. — All Quartermaster's Department reports, accounts, 
records, clothing-issue slips, transportation requests, etc., pertaining to the 
personnel of the Marine Corps Reserve must show that the men concerned are 
members of the reserve ; for example, " Sergeant John Smith, U. S. M. C. R." 



(13-39) 



MARINE CORPS RESERVE 13-80 

of uniform clothing authorized in paragraph (3) under the same condi- 
tions as a reservist serving in his first enlistment. 

(12) Clothing account. — In time of peace the clothing account prescribed for 
enlisted men of the regular Marine Corps will not be opened for reservists, 
except as provided in the following paragraph : 

(13) Special allowance. — When the period of employment of a reservist on 
active duty in time of peace is such that the allowance of clothing prescribed 
in paragraph (3) would be insufficient, the Major General Commandant may 
either authorize the issue of necessary additional articles of clothing or 
direct that the reservist be placed on the same footing in regard to clothing 
allowance and clothing accounts as enlisted men in the regular Marine Corps, 
as the circumstances in the case may warrant. In all such cases suitable 
recommendations, together with a statement of the probable duration of the 
detail of the reservist on active duty, w.ll be submitted to the Quartermaster 
by the commanding officer concerned. 

(14) Clothing allowance in time of war. — Enlisted men of the Marine Corps 
Reserve employed on active duty in time of war or national emergency will 
be on the same footing, and subject to the same regulations in regard to 
clothing allowance, clothing accounts, and issues of clothing as enlisted men 
of the regular Marine Corps. 

(15) Equipment. — Enlisted reservists reporting at a post for a short period of 
training or active duty, which is to be completed there, may be issued neces- 
sary equipment on memorandum receipt instead of following the procedure 
prescribed for the issue of individual equipment to enlisted men of the regu- 
lar Marine Corps. Officers of the Marine Corps Reserve on training or active 
duty may be issued, on memorandum receipt, such articles of necessary equip- 
ment as are authorized to be issued in like manner to officers of the regular 
Marine Corps. Upon completion of training or active duty reservists will 
be required to turn in the equipment issued to them. 

(16) Subsistence. — Officers and enlisted men of the Marine Corps Reserve 
performing authorized training or other duty without pay may, in the dis- 
cretion of the Major General Commandant, be furnished subsistence in kind 
or commutation thereof at a rate to be fixed from time to time by the Secretary 
of the Navy. 

(17) Transportation. — Enlisted men of the Marine Corps Reserve ordered to 
active or training duty with pay are entitled to transportation in kind, and 
subsistence and transfers en route, from their home to the place of duty, and 
upon completion of such duty from the place of duty to their home. The nec- 
essary transportation and subsistence for such travel will be furnished in 
accordance with instructions governing the issue of transportation in kind for 
enlisted men of the regular Marine Corps. 

(18) Reservists ordered to active or training duty are not entitled to trans- 
portation for dependents, nor are they entitled to such transportation from their 
duty station to their home upon the termination of such duty. 

(19) Reservists performing authorized training or other duty without pay, 
or traveling to or from such duty, are not ent tied to transportation at Gov- 
ernment expense. 

(13-37) 



13-80 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

(20) The expense of transportation and subsistence incident to travel to 
and from a recruiting station for the purpose of enlisting or reenlisting in 
the Marine Corps Reserve must be borne by the applicant. 

(21) Militia organizations. — (a) Marine units of the Naval Militia of any 
State, Territory, or the District of Columbia, may be furnished, as a loan to 
the State or Territory concerned, such arms and equipment as the Major Gen- 
eral Commandant may deem necessary for their training, provided, that at 
least 95 per centum of the personnel of such unit has been appointed or en- 
listed in the Fleet Marine Corps Reserve and that its administration, organiza- 
tion, and training conform to the standard prescribed by the Secretary of the 
Navy for such units. Requisitions for arms and equipment desired under 
this authorization should be submitted to the Quartermaster, Headquarters 
Marine Corps, Washington, D. C, through official channels. 

(22) Enlisted men of the Marine Corps Reserve serving in a marine unit 
of the Naval Militia conforming to the requirements specified in the pre- 
ceding paragraph, who have not received the necessary uniform clothing, 
may be issued such clothing as authorized in paragraph (3) upon first re- 
porting for drill. Requisitions for such clothing will be submitted to the 
Quartermaster, through the area commander of the reservist concerned. The 
area commander will examine the service-record book of the reservist and 
will indorse on the requisition whether or not any clothing has been previously 
issued to him and, if so, the articles issued and the date of issue of each. 
Requisitions for replacements authorized in paragraph (6) will be submitted 
in like manner. Such requisitions must show the total number of drills the 
reservist has attended since the issue of the article to be replaced and will be 
indorsed by the area commander to show the total number of days of active 
or training duty the reservist performed since the date of issue of the article 
to be replaced. The accountable officer furnishing the clothing will prepare 
the necessary issue slips and forward them to the reservist concerned for his 
signature and for the signature of his company commander as witnessing 
officer. When duly signed and witnessed, the issue slips will be returned to 
the issuing officer who will forward the triplicate (white) to the reservist's 
area commander to be pasted in the service-record book of the reservist as 
provided in paragraph (5). Uniform clothing for enlisted men of militia 
organizations who are not members of the Marine Corps Reserve will not be 
furnished by the Marine Corps. 

(23) (a) Fleet Reserve companies will be supplied with clothing in the same 
manner as prescribed in the preceding paragraph for militia units, except that 
the information required to be indorsed on requisitions for clothing will be 
indorsed thereon by the commanding officer of the unit concerned, and that 
when clothing is issued to members of his command, that officer will have the 
triplicate (white) issue slips pasted in the service-record books of the men 
concerned, instead of forwarding them to the area commander. 

(&) When an enlisted man of a Fleet Reserve company is separated from the 
company to which he is attached, other than, by transfer to another Fleet Reserve 
company, he will turn in all Marine Corps clothing issued to him, except such 

(13-38) 



MARINE CORPS RESERVE 13~81 

(6) When an enlisted man of a Fleet Reserve company is separated from the 
company to which he is attached, otherwise than by transfer to another Fleet 
Reserve company or discharge for enlistment in the regular Marine Corps, he 
will turn in all Marine Corps clothing issued to him, except unserviceable 
articles covered by the clothing allowance accrued to his credit for days of 
active or training duty with pay, including authorized drills, such allowance 
to be computed at the rate prescribed in paragraph (10). Clothing so turned 
in will be taken up by certificate on the property account of the company com- 
mander concerned. (C. M. C. M. 1 and 2.) 

(c) Requisitions for equipment required by Fleet Reserve companies will be 
submitted to the Quartermaster, through the reserve area commanders, unless 
otherwise directed by the Quartermaster. The commanding officer of the com- 
pany will be the accountable officer for all Marine Corps property furnished to 
his command and will account therefor in the same manner as prescribed for 
accountable officers in the regular Marine corps. (C. M. C. M. I.) 

(24) Records and reports. — All Quartermaster's Department reports, accounts, 
records, clothing-issue slips, transportation requests, etc., pertaining to the 
personnel of the Marine Corps Reserve must show that the men concerned are 
members of the reserve ; for example, " Sergeant John Smith, U. S. M. C. R." 

Section 1 2.— SELECTION AND TRAINING OF STUDENT NAVAL AVIATORS 

13-81 

(1) Qualifications required of Marine Corps Reserve student aviators. — General: 
Must be over 18 years of age and less than 27 years of age at the time of 
reporting for primary flight training. Applicants under 21 years of age must 
furnish the written consent of their parents or guardians. Must be American 
citizens. Must certify to their willingness to be ordered to active duty for a 
period of at least one year after they have been commissioned second lieutenants 
in the Reserve. Each candidate must be of commissioned-officer caliber as 
established by record, standing in his community, character, appearance, man- 
ner and bearing, and capacity for leadership. (C. M. C. M. 4.) 

(2) Education. — A student reserve aviator must be a college graduate or have 
the equivalent education, and have been selected by the commanding officer of 
one of the various Naval Reserve aviation squadrons or Marine Corps Reserve 
aviation units for flight training. College graduates who have successfully 
completed the ground training for student aviators as given by the squadron 
or division commanders of Naval Reserve aviation squadrons, or have com- 
pleted the aviation ground-school course in an accredited university will 
be given preference in selection. (C. M. C. M. 4.) 



(13-39) 



13-81 MARINE OOKPS MANUAL 

(3) Physical. — A student reserve aviator must have passed a physical exami- 
nation given by an accredited Navy flight surgeon within six months prior to 
the date of reporting for flight training. The report of the flight physical 
examination will be submitted on Bureau of Medicine and Surgery Form N. M. 
S., Aviation, No. 1. Requests for waivers of physical defects of student aviators 
will in no case be granted. If a Navy flight surgeon is not available in the 
locality, the examination by an Army flight surgeon will be honored, provided 
satisfactory arrangements can be made locally for such examination. All 
expenses incurred in connection with appearing for the physical examination 
must be paid by the student. Recruiting officers will satisfy themselves that 
the candidates for aviation training have all the above qualifications before 
they request authority from the Major General Commandant to enlist them. 
(C. M. C. M. 4.) 

13-82 

Enlistment of student reserve aviators. — All student reserve aviators will be 
enlisted as privates and assigned to Class VI, Volunteer Marine Corps Reserve, 
and detailed for aviation duty. Upon enlistment they will be appointed pri- 
vates, first class, and will remain in that rating until they receive their com- 
missions as second lieutenants and are assigned to Class V, Volunteer Marine 
Corps Reserve. (C. M. C. M. 4.) 

13-83 

Instructions for ordering students to flight duty. — (1) Uniforms: After a student 
is enlisted he will be ordered by the Major General Commandant to a naval 
aviation base for flight training, which orders will include directions to 
report at the marine barracks nearest the point of training, or in the vicinity 
of the student's residence, to be outfitted with clothing in accordance with 
instructions contained in article 13-80. (C. M. C. M. 4.) 

(2) Orders: When students are ordered to a reserve naval aviation base 
by the Major General Commandant for primary flight training, the recruiting 
officer will send with them the following records : 

(a) Orders to report for active-duty flight training. 

(&) Copy of last flight physical examination. 

(c) Service-record book. 

(d) Form Nav. 373, questionnaire. 

(e) Preliminary ground-school record, showing final mark in each sub- 

ject and final mark for the course weighed in accordance with the 
weights as assigned by the Bureau of Navigation. (C. M. C. M. 4.) 



(13-40) 



MARINE COKPS RESERVE 13-85 

13-84 

Designation of student naval aviation pilots. — (1) Students will be detailed 
to duty involving flying as student naval aviation pilots by tbe commanding 
officer of the Naval Reserve aviation base to which they are ordered. Orders 
detailing them to duty involving flying will be forwarded to the Major General 
Commandant for his approval via the district commandant in which the Naval 
Reserve base is located. (C. M. C. M. 4.) 

(2) Upon completion of primary flight traming the commanding officer of the 
Marine Corps Reserve aviation unit shall notify the Major General Commandant 
that the student has satisfactorily completed the primary training and is eligible 
for advanced training. If a student fails and is dropped, the Major General 
Commandant will be notified immediately. Appropriate notation will be made 
in the student's service-record book. (C. M. C. M. 4.) 

(3) Upon successful completion of the primary course the Major General 
Commandant will be notified by the commanding officer, Marine Corps Reserve 
aviation unit, so that orders to advanced training may be issued. Students 
upon successful completion of the primary course at the Naval Reserve bases 
will be immediately ordered to Pensacola for complete course flight training. 
(C. M. C. M. 4.) 

13-85 

Examination for appointment as second lieutenant. — (1) Immediately following 
successful completion of advanced flight training at Pensacola, Fla., the Major 
General Commandant will be furnished a copy of the student's completing school 
report covering the entire course of flight training, together with report of 
physical examination by a medical officer to determine the candidate's physical 
qualifications for appointment as second lieutenant in the Marine Corps Reserve. 
The result of this examination should be rendered on Bureau of Medicine and 
Surgery Form Y. ( C. M. C. M. 4. ) 



(13-41) 



13-85 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

(2) Thirty days prior to completion of advanced training student naval 
aviation pilots will furnish the Major General Commandant the following docu- 
ments, in accordance with instructions contained in paragraphs (1) and (2), 
article 13-25: 

(a) Birth certificate or certified copy of record of birth as recorded. 

(o) Photastatic copy of college diploma or statement of dean or registrar 
of university attended, stating that the student is a graduate and 
degree awarded, or furnish evidence of equivalent education. 

(o) Five letters of recommendation from reputable business men in the 
community where the student is a resident, preferably from persons 
who have known the student throughout the formative period of his 
life. (C. M. C. M. 4.) 

(3) An examining and appointment board, convened at Headquarters, Marine 
Corps, will then consider the candidate's educational qualifications and general 
fitness for appointment as second lieutenant, Marine Corps Reserve, as required 
by article 13-25, paragraph (6). (C. M. C. M. 4.) 

13-86 

Termination of advanced flight training. — Upon successful completion of, or 
failure in, advanced flight training of student naval aviation pilots the Major 
General Commandant will be immediately notified, so that orders may be issued 
promptly transferring the students from advanced training. (C. M. C. M. 4.) 

13-87 

Course of training. — The course of training for student aviators in Marine 
Corps Reserve aviation is the same as prescribed by the Bureau of Navigation 
for student aviators in the Naval Aviation Reserve. (C. M. C. M. 4.) 



(13-42) 



CHAPTER 14 



SUBSISTENCE 



Rations 
14-1 

Law. — Hereafter, except when detached by the President of the United States 
for duty with the Army, enlisted men of the Marine Corps shall be entitled 
to the same allowance for rations as are enlisted men of the Navy, under such 
rules and regulations as may be prescribed by the Secretary of the Navy. 
(Act July 11, 1919, 41 Stat. 154.) 

14-2 

Regulations. — All posts and stations of the Marine Corps will be subsisted on 
the computed Navy ration allowance, unless otherwise authorized by the 
Major General Commandant. 

14-3 

Definition. — The term " ration " is the allowance of subsistence for one man 
for one day, issued to such persons as may be entitled to receive it at Govern- 
ment expense, and to such other persons as may be authorized to receive it at 
their own expense, and ordinarily denotes the computed Navy ration allow- 
ance. In the case of very small posts or detachments, the Major General 
Commandant may direct that such places be subsisted on the fixed Navy ration 
allowance. This is a daily money allowance prescribed from time to time by 
the Secretary of the Navy. The money allowance, whether fixed or com- 
puted, is a credit allowance only, there being no actual cash involved, and the 
commanding officer is authorized to issue provisions to the mess against that 
credit. Provisions are obtained in the same manner in either case, and a 
monthly return of subsistence stores rendered on form N. M. C. 581-QM. 

14-4 

Who entitled. — Enlisted men of the Marine Corps, applicants for enlistment 
while held under observation, prisoners of war, and military prisoners at 
posts shall be entitled to receive one ration daily. 

(14-1) 



14-5 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

14-5 

(1) Daily ration statement. — The commanding officer shall prepare the daily 
ration statement, N. M. C. 585-QM, to be forwarded to the post quartermaster, 
and shall be responsible for its correctness as affording the Quartermaster a 
ration issue basis. 

(2) The daily ration statement will be summarized monthly on the monthly 
ration memorandum, N. M. C. 828, which should be carefully verified after 
being prepared. 

(3) One ration will be allowed daily for each person actually present for 
rations, including men granted liberty not exceeding 48 hours, and men 
absent for any reason who take at least one meal at the post. (Comp. Dec, 
December 9, 1907.) 

(4) When men are transferred from one Marine Corps post, organization, or 
mess to another, credit for rations will be taken on the basis of the number 
of meals furnished, three meals constituting a ration. For illustration: If 
a detachment of nine men is transferred after breakfast, credit for three 
rations should be taken. If a detachment of nine men joins after break- 
fast, credit should be taken for six rations. In cases of men transferred to or 

- 
joining from naval vessels, or organisations subsisted by the Navy, credit for 

rations for the day of transfer will be taken by the ship, post, or organization 
from which transferred, unless the transfer is made before breakfast. No 
credit will be taken for fractional parts of rations on account of men trans- 
ferred or joining. 

(5) In computing the number of days patients are subsisted in hospital, the 
day of admission shall be disregarded nnd tbe day of discharge shall be ■In- 
cluded. 

14-6 

(1) Subsistence for other branches, — At stations where enlisted men of other 
branches of the service are subsisted by the Marine Corps upon competent 
authority, the cost of such rations furnished will be charged at the unit value 
thereof as determined at the beginning of the accounting period. When ra- 
tions are furnished in this manner a statement (Form N. M. C. 738), in dupli- 
cate, showing the names and rates of the men, the period of time, number of 
rations furnished and cost, will be forwarded to the Quartermaster in order 
that steps may be taken to have the Marine Corps reimbursed in the amount 
involved. 

(2) On expeditionary duty junior quartermasters of the same unit will for- 
ward this statement to the senior quartermaster, who will render a complete 
statement, in duplicate, as prescribed above, to the Quartermaster. 

(3) Where enlisted men of the Marine Corps attached to naval vessels, or 
to organizations subsisted by the Navy, are temporarily subsisted by the 
Marine Corps Cas in the ease of a ship's marine detachment sent ashore for 
target practice) a list of the men so subsisted, showing the period each was 
subsisted and the number and cost of rations furnished, will be attached to 

(14-2) 



SUBSISTENCE 14-9 

the return of subsistence for the month during which the rations shown thereon 
were furnished. The list must bear a certificate of the supply officer of the 
ship or organization to which the men belong that credit for rations for them 
for the periods shown thereon has not been claimed by him. Rations so fur- 
nished will be shown on the monthly ration memorandum under a separate 
heading. 

14-7 

On Army transport. — A detachment of marines traveling on duty under orders 
on a vessel of the United States Army Transport Service will be quartered and 
subsisted in the same manner as troops of the Army traveling thereon. The 
commanding officer of the detachment will certify to the proper transport 
officer the total number of rations drawn. Settlement for this subsistence will 
be made by check with the Army submitting proper bills, using the usual 
voucher form, upon which should be stated the number of men transported, 
the number of rations furnished, showing first and last meal, with dates, char- 
acter, and unit price of rations, a copy of the order for each man transported, 
with reasons for such travel, and a receipt from the officer or other person in 
charge of the detachment that the travel actually has been performed as stated. 

14-8 

Discharged men returning to the United States. — An enlisted man of the Marine 
Corps discharged while serving at a station outside of the continental limits 
of the United States, who is furnished transportation to the United States on a 
Government vessel, will be allowed subsistence while on board. Payment for 
such subsistence will be effected in the same manner as in the case of enlisted 
men traveling on duty aboard a Government vessel. 

14-9 

(1) On expeditionary service, when field hospitals are established under a 
Marine Corps command, men attached thereto and patients shall be subsisted 
in the following manner : 

(2) The field hospital will be given credit of one ration per day for each 
patient subsisted, officers as well as enlisted men, at the current value of the 
Marine Corps ration. If at the end of the month, it is found that the sub- 
sistence stores drawn from the Marine Corps by the hospital mess are in excess 
of the above-mentioned credit, such excess shall be covered by an invoice on 
which the Marine Corps will obtain reimbursement by transfer of funds from 
the appropriation " Medical Department, Navy," to the appropriation " General 
Expenses, Marine Corps." (C. M. C. M. 4.) 

(3) Officers of the Marine Corps and the Navy who are patients in a field 
hospital shall be charged the actual cost of the patient's mess ration. Of this 
amount the cost of the regular Marine Corps ration shall be turned over to the 
accountable officer concerned as payment for the ration credit given to the 



(14-3) 



14-9 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

mess on his account, and the balance, if any, shall be turned over to the dis- 
bursing officer concerned, who will take it up on his account current as a 
credit to the appropriation "Medical Department, Navy." (C. M. C. M. 4.) 

(4) Enlisted men of the Navy attached to a field hospital shall be rationed 
in the regular mess, and reimbursement at the value of the ration computed or 
fixed shall be effected by a transfer of funds, using Form N. M. C. 738. 

14-10 

Kitchen utensils, tableware, and mess furniture will be supplied by the Quarter- 
master's Department. Allowances will be announced in orders. Commanding 
officers will enforce rigid economy in regard to such property. Articles broken, 
lost, or damaged will be charged to the individuals at fault. 

14-11 

In the field the mess furniture of a marine will be limited to that which forms 
a part of the infantry equipment carried on his person and such devices for 
individual cooking as may be furnished by the Quartermaster's Department. 

14-12 

(1) When serving with Army. — Rations will be furnished by the Quartermaster 
Corps of the Army to officers and enlisted men of the Marine Corps when acting 
or proceeding to act in cooperation with the land forces of the United States, 
in conformity with the requirements of section 1143 of the Revised Statutes. 

(2) Rations constitute an element of subsistence supplies, payment for which 
must be made in cash. Payment by check constitutes a cash payment as con- 
templated by the law. 

14-13 

Commissary not to be mess officer. — Under no circumstances will the officer 
accountable for subsistence stores, or noncommissioned officer under him in 
charge of such stores, be in charge of any enlisted men's mess, except at posts 
where there is only one officer on duty and in cases of detachments in charge 
of noncommissioned officers. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

14-14 

Supernumeraries. — When persons who are not entitled to a ration are sub- 
sisted in enlisted men's messes they will be shown on the monthly ration 
memorandum, Form N. M. C. 828, as " supernumeraries " and will be charged 
the value of the rations issued to them. Moneys received from these rations 
will be taken up and entered as a separate line on the abstract of sales, Form 
N. M. C. 563, e. g., 100 supernumerary rations at $0.5130=$51.30. 



(14-4) 



SUBSISTENCE 14-24 

Procurement of Provisions 
14-21 

From depots. — Depot quartermasters will furnish on the first of each quarter 
to all posts supplied by them a list showing* the articles of provisions carried in 
stock. Requisition for subsistence stores carried in stock by depots, duly ap- 
proved by the commanding officers, will be submitted to the nearest depot of 
supplies. 

14-22 

On monthly contract. — Monthly proposals will be issued by post quartermasters 
in the United States for fresh provisions, and for such items of dry provisions 
not obtainable from depots as may advantageously be purchased on monthly 
contracts. 

14-23 

On open-purchase requisition. — Post quartermasters are authorized to purchase 
competitively in the open market as required, on open-purchase requisitions, 
approved by commanding officers, any articles of subsistence stores required 
for issue to messes that can not be obtained from depots, including fresh pro- 
visions of which only occasional issues are made. Fresh vegetables and fruits 
will only be procured when in season, and they shall be considered in season 
if the officer ordering can certify, in case of question, that at the time the 
order was placed they were on general sale in the local market by ordinary 
dealers in these commodities. The certificate of the officer concerned must 
give a list of the names, addresses, and prices of such ordinary dealers. 

(2) Post quartermasters will prepare open-purchase requisitions (Form N. 
M. C. 461 ) in triplicate, whenever necessary, and submit the same to com- 
manding officers for approval, who will return them to post quartermasters 
after approval or disapproval. These requisitions will be numbered consecu- 
tively for each fiscal year, commencing with Number 1, with the name of the 
station preceding the number, e. g.. Quantico, Number 1. The original and 
duplicate of the requisition will be filed with the first voucher in the case, 
and the triplicate retained in the files as a permanent record at the post. 
Public vouchers covering such purchases will be handled in the same manner 
as other public vouchers at the post. 

14-24 

Awards of contracts for provisions will be made by individual items to the 
lowest responsible bidder on each item. (Act approved March 4, 1913.) 



(14-5) 



14-25 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

14-25 

Competition shall invariably be had in making open purchases, formal bids 
being invited from at least three regular dealers, except where such is posi- 
tively impossible; and all bids received, together with a record of proposals 
issued but not returned, shall be filed for future reference. 

14-26 

Proposals should embody specifications as to quality as closely resembling 
Marine Corps standard specifications as market conditions render practicable, 
or so phrased as to insure the procurement of articles of the best plain quality 
without controversy as to their suitability. Payments for net weights only 
should be specified. In case of meats, fish, fowl, etc., it will frequently be neces- 
sary to conform to local customs of cutting, cleaning, etc., but these points 
must be clearly laid down in order that controversy may not arise as to the 
weights claimed. 

14-27 

(1) Weights of containers shall be excluded and net quantities only are to be 
receipted for, irrespective of trade customs. 

(2) The marked weights of fresh and frozen meats" are usually excessive, 
owing to shrinkage or to nonconformity to the specified Marine Corps cut. 

(3) Chickens and fowl, fresh, chilled, or frozen, are required by Federal 
Specifications Board specification No. 267 to be delivered dressed, i. e., with 
feathers only removed. Purchases will be made on that basis, and the con- 
tractor paid for the weight delivered. 

(4) Fresh fish are required by specifications to be delivered with scales and 
tails off and clean, i. e., all entrails removed, and only the resulting net weight 
allowed. 

14-28 

(1) Specifications. — Articles received on contracts should be required to con- 
form to the latest issue of standard specifications as quoted or referred to in 
the contract. Copies of specifications are procurable from the Quartermaster, 
Washington, D. C. Specifications provide that all deliveries shall conform to 
the requirements of the national food and drugs act of June 30, 1906, as far 
as applicable, and to the laws of the State in which deliveries are made. 

(2) A complete set of Marine Corps specifications for subsistence stores will 
be kept up to date at all posts and stations. 

(3) All contractors should be held to a rigid observance of the specifications 
of their contracts, and no deviations from the specifications should be tolerated 
unless absolutely necessary on account of lack of time or unforeseen conditions ; 
and under no circumstances should contractors be permitted to substitute 

(14HJ) 



SUBSISTENCE 14-28 

other kinds or cuts of meats or meat-food products or any other items of 
provisions than those specifically covered by the contract. 

(4) The Quartermaster will give careful consideration to requests for the 
purchase of special cuts and kinds of meats and other classes of provisions not 
specifically covered by contract, if the desirability of such purchases be brought 
to his attention, and arrangements will be made to have such requirements 
met by special purchases or through additional contracts. Consequently sub- 
stitutions of any nature on provision contracts on the ground of convenience 
are not at all necessary. 

Fresh (and frozen) meals. — The most careful study of meat specifications is 
essential for protection against inferior deliveries. All meat delivered under 
Marine Corps contracts is required to bear on it or on the original packages 
containing it the stamp or label of the Department of Agriculture that the 
meat has been " U. S. Inspected and Passed." 

The word " fresh," whenever occurring in Marine Corps specifications for 
meats and meat-food products, shall be interpreted to include * chilled " fresh 
products which are not and have not been frozen. 

Beef. — The specifications for beef call for a grade of beef generally obtainable 
in all markets and of a quality used largely in the shipping trade and by hotels 
and restaurants that cater to commercial rather than fashionable patrons. 

Bull and stag meat can be detected by its unusually dark color, unusual lean- 
ness, and on the forequarter by the heaviness of the neck. Meat from females 
can be detected by parts of the udder remaining on the hind quarter and from 
the formation of the pelvic bone. In general, young cattle as required by the 
specifications can be distinguished by the bright red color of the backbone 
where it is split. 

Veal. — Prime condition of the calf is indicated by the kidney, which should 
be covered with clear white fat. 

Hamhurijer, sausage, etc., and corned 'beef. — Particular care should be exer- 
cised with these classes of meats that they bear certificates showing inspection 
by the Department of Agriculture, as so much opportunity exists for the in- 
troduction of adulterants and preservatives, and in view of the frequent prac- 
tice of butchers to use for these items the remnants of carcasses as they 
collect. Meats and meat-food products to which substances have been added 
must bear labels plainly indicating the character and percentage of added 
substances. 

The purchase of beef, hamburger style, is discontinued. When beef in this 
style is desired issued to the general mess it will be prepared at the station 
concerned. It may be readily prepared from trimmings cut from bones, shanks, 
necks, etc., to which may be added, if needed, the cuts that are ordinarily 
boiled or stewed, as navel flanks, flanks, and briskets. Cuts are stated in order 
of their economy. 

Retail meats, i. e., meats delivered by the cut and which may be allowed for 
posts subsisted on the fixed Navy ration allowance, must be covered when bills 
are rendered by a certificate furnished by the contractor to the effect that they 
were " U. S. Inspected and Passed " before being cut up. 

(14-7) 



14-28 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

Butter.— Tubs Which have been passed by inspectors of the Department of 
Agriculture will be sealed at the top by official caution labels, at each end of 
which will be stamped the inspection mark, slightly overlapping the seal. 

Eggs delivered in the vicinity of New York must be accompanied, when re- 
quired by the post quartermaster, by a certificate of inspection from the New 
York Mercantile Exchange that the eggs delivered conform to the specifica- 
tions; and eggs delivered in the vicinity of San Francisco, Calif., must be 
accompanied, when required by the purchasing officer, by a certificate of 
inspection from the San Francisco Wholesale Dairy Produce Exchange that 
the goods delivered conform to the specifications. 

Milk, — The contractor may be required to furnish a satisfactory certificate 
from a qualified veterinarian or from the board of health showing in specified 
terms that the herd from which the milk is obtained is free from all disease 
and has been specially examined for tuberculosis and found to be absolutely 
free from infection ; also that the conditions surrounding the herd are hygienic 
and the care and handling of the milk sanitary. 

Oysters and clams. — Post quartermasters must personally assure themselves 
that the conditions of the specifications have been strictly complied with. 

14-29 

inspection of provisions. — Being responsible for provisions, the post quarter- 
master should enforce, in his own department, such inspection routine as may 
be necessary. Mess officers are responsible for the quantity and quality, of all 
provisions received by their messes, and shall, either in person or by their 
proper representative, inspect all provisions received. The greatest care and 
vigilance should be exercised by commanding officers, post quartermasters, and, 
in fact, all officers serving at posts who are in any way brought in contact with 
the ration, to see that not only do the articles of the ration, as supplied by 
contractors, conform in all respects as to quality with the requirements of the 
contract and specifications, but furthermore to note that the quantities actually 
received are in accordance with the amounts called for in the dealer's invoices 
so that there may be no question that both in quantity and quality the rations 
supplied the men conform in every particular to the requirements of the con- 
tract. This is a question of the utmost importance, and the officers concerned 
are therefore enjoined to exercise the greatest vigilance in the matter. 

(a) Nothing herein contained shall in any way relieve the,; quartermaster or 
his subordinates of their responsibility in the premises. 

(&) Under all ordinary circumstances the net weights or measurements 
marked on standard packages from supply depots may be accepted. 

(c) Receipts for open-market purchases should be given only for net quanti- 
ties, exclusive of containers. To avoid controversy over special deductions for 
trimmings of meat, fish, fowl, etc., it is essential that the manner of trimming, 
cleaning, etc., be clearly agreed upon at the time of purchase. 

(d) Contract deliveries will be inspected as to quantity in accordance with 
the preceding paragraph. 

(14-8) 



SUBSISTENCE 14-30 

14-30 

(1) Inspection of meat. — All meat and meat-food products for the Marine 
Corps, in the United States, will be inspected either _at place of preparation or 
place of delivery, or both, by inspectors of the Bureau of. Animal Industry, 
Department of Agriculture, with such exceptions as may be authorized by the 
Quartermaster, Marine Corps. 

(2) Proposals for meat and meat-food products will contain a clause requir- 
ing bidders to state the name and location of the plant from which the meat 
and meat-food products are to be furnished and that no contracts will be 
entered into unless such products, other than smaller quantities provided for in 
paragraph 4, are to be prepared in an establishment regularly under the super- 
vision of the inspectors of the Bureau of Animal Industry of the Department 
of Agriculture. 

(3) To enable the inspectors of the Bureau of Animal Industry properly to 
inspect meat and meat-food products for compliance with Marine Corps speci- 
fications, at the time of preparation, all information (such as copy of contract 
and specifications) must invariably be furnished to them at the establishment 
where such products are prepared. 

(4) When the quantities involved are so small that the supplies will be 
furnished from a branch house or from other unofficial establishments (un- 
official in this sense indicates plants where there are no regular Federal meat 
inspectors, although the products have been prepared under Federal inspection, 
and so marked), the inspection for compliance with Marine Corps specifications 
will be made by the Bureau of Animal Industry inspectors at time of delivery 
at some designated place in the yard mutually agreeable to the inspector and 
the post quartermaster. 

(5) Arrangements have been made with the Bureau of Animal Industry, 
when inspection is made at time of preparation, to have a special stamp, 
" U. S. M. C," placed on all meat and meat-food products, and inspectors and 
Marine Corps officers assigned to duty at posts and stations are directed care- 
fully to observe that meat and meat-food products are so marked on reinspec- 
tion at time of delivery. 

(6) Under the conditions of paragraph 4, and in emergencies, meat and 
meat-food products not bearing the special " U. S. M. C." stamp will be ac- 
cepted. In emergency cases report in detail will be forwarded immediately to 
the Quartermaster, Headquarters. 

(7) Proposals and contracts must clearly and explicitly refer to the speci- 
fications under which each item is to be furnished. When the amount involved 
for any one post or depot warrants inspection at place of preparation, proposals 
and contracts must also contain a clause requiring the contractor to notify the 
inspectors of the Bureau of Animal Industry concerned that he is about to 
prepare such products for the Marine Corps and will afford every facility for 
the inspectors to determine whether same are in compliance with Marine 
Corps specifications. 

(14-9) 



14-30 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

(8) Inspectors of the Bureau of Animal Industry are stationed in the fol- 
lowing cities, where it will be possible for them to inspect or reinspect the meat 
and meat-food products at the time of delivery to the Marine Corps posts : 

Boston, Mass .12001 Customhouse Building, Boston, 

Hingham, Mass J Mass. 

Bremerton, Wash 557 Central Building, Seattle, Wash. 

Charleston, S. C Food Inspection Building, Navy Yard. 

Dover, N. J i 1094 Broad Street, Newark, N. J. 

Mare Island, Calif 501 Customhouse Building, San Fran- 
cisco, Calif. 

New Orleans, La 1 323 pogt Qffice Building) New Orleans. 

Pensacola, Fla J 

Newport, R. I 407 Federal Building, Providence, R. I. 

Iona Island, N. Y 1 303 U. S. Barge Office, New York, 

New York, N. Y ,J N. Y. 

Norfolk, Va Post Office Box 465 (office 226 Water 

Street), Norfolk. 

Philadelphia, Pa 520 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Portsmouth, N. H 2001 Customhouse Building, Boston, 

Mass. 

San Diego, Calif „ 219 Federal Building, San Diego. 



Indianhead, Md— . 

Quantico, Va 

Washington, D. C. 



Bureau of Animal Industry, Depart- 
ment of Agriculture, Washington, 
D. C. 

Annapolis, Md 102 Customhouse Building, Baltimore, 

Md. 

Parris Island, S. C. 1 - Federal Building, Augusta, Ga. 

14-31 

Canned meats from depots. — It will not be necessary to have inspected at posts 
and stations canned meat and meat-food products received from Marine Corps 
depots, as these articles have been inspected #eviOusly to delivery at the depot. 

14-32 

Standard packages. — Articles of the ration received in standard packages 
from supply depots or other accountable officers of the Marine Corps may, 
under all ordinary circumstances, be presumed to be in the same condition 

which warranted their original acceptance. 



1 Note. — The inspector In charge of meat inspection at Augusta is also in charge at 
Atlanta and Savannah, Ga. 



(14-10) 



SUBSISTENCE 14-37 

14-33 

(1) Open-market purchases should be required to conform to the specifications 
under which purchased, i. e., to be of the best plain quality, or, if standard 
specifications exist, to conform to them or to such modification as market 
conditions render necessary at time of purchase. 

(2) Whenever fresh provisions have to be obtained under contract or by 
open purchase, the post quartermaster shall himself, or a commissioned assist- 
ant who has been designated as commissary officer and specifically authorized, 
sign in advance an order for each delivery and keep a copy of same in his 
Qffice. 

14-34 

Record of articles received- -An account of all articles of the ration received 
from contractors will be kept in a book set apart for this purpose. All articles 
purchased during the accounting period, from whatever source, will be entered 
on the return. Articles tfiat may be received on invoices will be taken up on 
the return, the invoices accompanying the return as vouchers. 

14-35 

Wholesale purchases of meats. — Whenever practicable, meats shall be procured 
in sufficient quantity to enable purchase under the wholesale contract, but 
when this is impracticable by reason of small messes, lack of storage facilities, 
use, proposals may be issued and contracts made for the purchase of fresh 
meat by the cut at posts subsisted on the fixed Navy ration allowance. 

14-36 

Purchases against contractor's account. — Whenever, in accordance with the pro- 
visions of contracts, subsistence stores are purchased in the open market to be 
charged to the account of the contractor, the post quartermaster will promptly 
submit a detailed report of the case to the Quartermaster, a copy of which will 
be furnished the contractor. 

14-37 

Legality of purchases. — The purchase of certain items of provisions may not 
fall within the terms of the ration, and in case the post quartermaster has the 
slightest doubt as to the legality of .such purchase the matter will be referred 
to the Quartermaster before purchase is consummated. 



(14-11) 



14-38 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

14-38 

(C. M. C. M. 3) 

Initial 30 days 1 provision supply for 1,000 men 

The following will habitually constitute the first provision supply to be pro- 
vided expeditionary forces per 1,000 men. If articles and quantities listed are 
deviated from, the issuing officer will enter appropriate notation on the face of 
the invoice in order to enable the receiving officer to take suitable action to 
establish ration value and maintain supply. 



Article 


Unit 


Quantity 
for 1,000 
men for 
30 days 


Number of 
packages 


Total 

gross 

weight 

(pounds) 


Total 
cubic 
feet 


Baking powder.. 


Pound 

. do.. 


150 


5 cs 


190 

224 

3,060 

164 

8,640 

32, 760 

1,010 

5,170 

101 
168 
202 


5.40 




4 cs 




Beverages: 


160 

3,000 

130 


8.00 


Coffee 


do 


60cs__ 

2 chsts 

120 cs 

520 cs 

10 sks 

47 cs , 


120. 00 


Tea 


. do 


7.33 








Total. 


3,290 






Pound 

do 




Bread: i 

Biscuit, tinned 


6,000 

26, 000 

1,000 


380. 00 


Flour, wheat, tinned 


1, 019. 20 
30.00 


Flour, corn meal 


do 








Total 


33, 000 






Pound 

do 




Butter 


3,760 

100 
120 
200 


98.70 


Cereals and starch foods: 

Barley 


1 sks 

3 cs 


2.33 


Cornstarch 


...do 


4.25 


Hominy.. 


do 


2 sks 


6.67 



(14-12) 



SUBSISTENCE 



14-38 



Article 


Unit 


Quantity 
for 1,000 
men for 
30 days 


Number of 
packages 


Total 

gross 

weight 

(pounds) 


Total 
cubic 
feet 


Cereals and starch foods (continued): 


Pound 

. do 


200 
225 
900 
120 


2sks 

5 cs 


202 
270 
909 
168 

1,422 

40 
40 

742 

742 
1,664 
2,394 

819 
1,500 
1,485 
2,772 

384 

64 
704 

7,885 

388 

11, 125 

910 

4,410 
960 

2, 176. 

5,922 

78 

78 
38 

780 
1,111 

416 
2,025 

1,628 

84 

704 

80 


6.67 




13.75 


Rice. - — - 


do 

_ do. 


9sks... 

3 cs 


25.50 
4.25 






18 cs 

2 cs 




Total 


1,865 






Pound 

do 






1,080 


34.38 






Extracts, flavoring: 


12 
12 


1.50 




do 


do 


1.50 








Total 


24 






Pound 

do 

do.. 




Fruits: « 


560 

560 
1,170 
1,710 

585 
1,125 
1,134 
2,260 

300 


17.50 


Apples, canned 


do 

26 cs 


17.50 
34.66 




do 


38 cs 

13 cs 


57.00 




do 


17.33 


Pineapple, canned 


do 


25 cs 

27 cs 

44 cs. 

6 cs 


33.33 






33.75 


Jam, assorted 


do.. 


58.67 






12.60 






2 cs__ 




Total 


9,404 






do. 






50 


3.00 




lies 

83 cs 






550 


22.00 




do 




Bacon 


5,976 
288 

9,000 
624 

3,024 
600 

1,536 


200. 03 




do 


10.33 


Beef, corned 


do 


125 cs 

13 cs 


218. 75 




do 


22.75 


Salmon 


do 


63 cs 

24cs__ 

32 cs 

94 cs 

2 cs 


99.73 
27.98 


Sausage, Vienna 


do 


56.00 








Total— •- 


21,048 






Pound 

do 




Milk 


4,512 


125. 33 








48 


2.17 




do 


do 

lc 




Pepper: 

Black. _. 


48 
24 


2.17 


Cayenne 


do 


1.58 






5kgs 

llsks 

8 cs__ 




Total 


72 






Pound 

do.. 






480 


17.92 






Salt - 


1,100 


22.99 








Shortening: 

Lard 


320 
1,500 


9.28 


Lard substitute.. 


do ... 


25 cs_ 

22 cs. 

2 cs__ 


56.25 








Total. 


1,820 






Gallon 

Pound 

. do . 




Siruo . 


132 


29.26 






Soda, baking 


72 


1.98 




lies 

2cs 




Spaghetti .._ 


550 


22. 00 




do 




Spices, assorted. 


48 


2.17 











(14-12a) 



14-38 



MARINE CORPS MANUAL 



Article 


Unit 


Quantity 
for 1,000 
men for 
30 days 


Number of 
packages 


Total 

gross 

weight 

(pounds) 


Total 
cubic 
feet 




Pound 

do 


9,000 


90 sks 

IOCS 

89 cs 

5 sks 

5 sks 

27 sks 

38 cs 

29 cs 

75 cs 

53 sks 

33 cs 

210 sks 

23 cs 

24 cs 

60 cs 

102 cs 

22 cs 

lOcs 

Skgs 

Skgs 

6 cs 


9, 090 

650 

4,450 

505 

505 

2,727 

1,634 

1, 560 

3, 150 

5, 353 

1, 596 

31,710 

1,484 

1,584 

3, 000 

6,222 

1,144 

750 

192 

1,256 

1C0 


232. 20 






Vegetables: 4 


465 

2, 937 

500 

500 

2,700 

1,140 

1,150 

2, 250 

5,300 

1,140 

31, 500 

1, 134 

1,15.2 

2, 250 

4,488 


12.50 




_-_ _do_. 


89. 00 


Beans, kidney, dried 

Beans, lima, dried 

Beans, navy, white 

Beans, string, canned 

Beets, canned 

Corn, canned 


do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

. do 


11.67 
12.05 
92. 23 
34. 81 
33.81 
68. 70 
206. 70 




__do 


38. 00 


Potatoes, fresh 

Pumpkin, canned -.. 


do 

,. .do 

do 


819.00 
35. Oi) 
39. 98 


Spinach, canned 


do 

do 


</i.80 
148. 92 




Gallon 

do 




Total 


58, C06 




Vinegar and sauces: 5 


no 

80 
15 
128 


25. 52 




15. 83 






4.25 




.. do 


25.32 








Total 


333 








Pound 




Yeast . .- --. - 


150 


3.00 









i The proportion of biscuit and flour may be changed to meet conditions of service. 

2 The aggregate of fruits is 85 per cent of total allowance. This is on the assumption that 15 per cent will 
be procurable in fresh fruits by local purchase. 

3 The aggregate of meats is 70 per cent of total allowance. This is on the assumption that 30 per cent 
will be procurable in fresh meats by local purchase. If conditions under which a force is to operate are 
known to be such that fresh meats can not be obtained, the full allowance will be furnished in tinned 
meats. 

4 The aggregate of vegetables is 160 per cent of total allowance. This is in order to make ample provision 
to cover the contingency of spoilage of potatoes and onions. In no case will fresh vegetables be supplied 
in excess of what can be consumed in 30 days. 

5 The aggregate of vinegar and sauces is 120 per cent of total allowance. This is in order to provide 
sufficient original containers to enable wide distribution cf the main articles. 



(14-12b) 



SUBSISTENCE 14—51 

Thirty days' provision supply for 1,000 mm — Continued 




Sauerkraut, canned 

Sausage, Vienna style 

Sirup. 

Spaghetti 

Spices, assorted 

Spinach, canned 

Sugar: 

Granulated 

Powdered 
Tapioca 
Tea 

Tomatoes, canned 
Vegetable shortening 
Vinegar 

Meats, refrigerated 
Eggs. 

Ham and bacon, sweet pickled, sm 
Vegetables, fresh 
Fruit, fresh. 



Issrr: of Provisions 



14-51 

(1) Issues. — Provisions may be issued by the post quartermaster to the value 
of the ration credit of the mess. 

(2) In no case will an organization be allowed to draw articles of the ration 
and sales articles in excess of the total credit of the organization. 

(3) An account of issues of articles of subsistence stores will be kept in a 
book devoted exclusively to such purpose. At posts where separate messes 
are maintained, an account by money value will be kept with each mess, but 
all issues will be consolidated and the rationing of the command conducted 
as for a single unit. It will be the duty of the post quartermaster to see 
that each individual mess is kept within its authorized ration allowance. 

(4) The aggregate value of all articles of subsistence stores, including sales 
articles issued to a command as a unit, or to a mess, as the case may be, will 
be determined by computing the quantity of the various articles issued at 
the prices determined for the month, as prescribed by articles 14-82, and such 
aggregate will be entered on Form N. M. C. 563, in the space provided therefor. 

(5) Form N. M. C. 563 will constitute the voucher for dropping the articles 
issued from the return of subsistence stores. 



(14-13) 



14-52 



MARINE CORPS MANUAL 



14-52 

(1) Monthly return. — Ail provisions, including those purchased upon requisi- 
tions approved in accordance with article 14-23 (1), will be accounted for 
on the monthly return of subsistence stores, Form N. M. C. 581. 

(2) When chickens and other fowl are purchased dressed, in accordance with 
Federal Specifications Board specification No. 267, the post quartermaster will 
be allowed to expend by certificate and drop from the return of subsistence 
stores a quantity representing 20 per cent of the gross weight of the actual 
issues, using the certificate as a voucher supporting the expenditure. The 
gross weight of the actual issues must be shown on the certificate. 

14-53 

Allowance of butter. — The Navy ration, prescribed by sections 1580 and 1581 
of the Revised Statutes as amended by the act of June 29, 1906, includes 
a daily allowance to each person of 2 ounces of butter. Substitutes are 
authorized by these statutes for certain components of the ration, not includ- 
ing, however, butter, as to which accordingly no substitution can be made. 
(Letter Secretary of the Navy to Bu. S. & A., April 14, 1913.) 

Maximum safekeeping period 

14-54 



Navy 
specifica- 
tion No. 


Article 


Quantity 


Period 


Remarks 


56-A-7... 

56-A-3.- 
56-A-5... 
55-B-2... 
56-P-13-. 


Apple sauce, canned 

Apricots, canned 

Asparagus, canned 

Bacon, canned 

Baking powder 


Pound 

—do 

...do 

...do 

...do .. 


1 year 

do 

do 

do 

9 months 

lyear 

do 


Reduce this period if possible. 


56-S-19... 
5&-B-22-. 


Baking soda 

Barley, pearl 


...do...... 

...do. 




56-B-23.. 
56-B-24.. 
5&-B-27.. 
58-B-6... 

56-B-25.. 
5&-B-8— 
5&-B-21.. 
56-B-19.. 
66-B-18.. 

56-C-19.. 


Beans: 

Kidney, red 

Lima, dried 

Navy, white 

String, canned 

Beef: 

Dried, sliced, canned 

Corned, canned 

Beets, canned 

Biscuits, canned 

Butter, canned and cube or 

tub, cold storage of same. 
Catsup, canned 


...do 

...do 

...do 

...do 

...do 

—do 

...do 

...do 

...do 

Gallon 

Pound 

—do 

—do 

—do 

...do 

...do 

...do 


do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

8 months 

lyear 

do 

do...... 

do 

do 

8 months 

1 year. 

do 

5 months 


Keep dry and cool, otherwise they 
wUl become musty, moldy, or 

weevily. 

JReduce this period if possible. 

Keep dry and cool. 
Keep under refrigeration. 


56-C-15-. 
86-G-l... 
56-C-6-- 
66-C-16-. 

56-C-17-. 
56-C-7— 

r>&-G-i._. 


Cheese, canned 

Citron 

Cocoa 

Coconut, shredded 

Codfish and haddock, canned.. 

Coffee, green 

Corn meal 


Reduce this period if possible. 
Keep in cool place. 

Keep dry and cool; look out for 

weevils. 
Reduce this period if possible. 

Keep dry and cool. 



(14-14) 



SUBSISTENCE 
Maximum safe-Jceeping period — Continued 



14-54 



Navy I 
specifica- 
tion No. ; 



Article 



Quantity 



56-C-18.. 
56-C-8... 
56-F 

56-L-8... 
56-V-8... 
56-F-7... 
56-F-6... 
56-F-2... 

56-H-7... 

56-H 

56-H-6-. 
56-J-l.... 

56-S-22 .. 
56-M-l... 

56-M-4... 

66-M-ll . 

56-S-25... 
66-N-1-. 
56-P-2— 
56-P-3... 
56-P-5— 

56-S-25... 
56-S-25... 
56-P-7... 

56-P-16-. 
56-P-11-- 
56-P-17.. 
56-R-l... 
56-R-2— 



66-G-l.. 
56-S-l... 
56-S-2... 
56-S-18.. 
56-S-20.. 
56-S-3... 
56-S-21. 

56-3-25.. 
56-S-25. 
56-S-25.. 
56-S-25.. 
56-S-25.. 
56-S-25.. 
56-S-25.. 
56-S-17.. 

56-S-ll.. 

56-S 

56-T-6.. 



56-T-l.. 
56-T-2-. 
56-T— . 
56-V-3.. 



Cornstarch 

Corn, canned 

Figs, canned 

Flavor, nonalcoholic: 

Lemon 

Vanilla 

Flour, buckwheat 

Flour, Graham (wheat meal).. 
Flour, wheat 



Hams, sweet pickled, smoked. 



Hominy grits 

Hops 

Jams, assorted, canned 

Vegetable shortening 

Macaroni (spaghetti) 



Pound. 
..do... 
-do... 



Quart.. 
...do... 
Pound . 
...do... 
...do... 



...do. 



Milk, evaporated. 
Mincemeat 



Mustard, ground.. 

Nuts, mixed 

Peaches, canned... 

Pears, canned 

Peas, canned 

Pepper: 

Black 

Cayenne 



Pineapple, canned 

Prunes, canned 

Pumpkin, canned 

Raisins, canned.. 

Rice 



Rolled oats. 

Salmon, canned 

Salt. 



Sardines, canned 

Sauce, Worcestershire 

Sauerkraut, canned 

Sausage, Vienna, canned 

Spices: 

Allspice 

Cinnamon 

Cloves 

Curry powder 

Ginger 

Sage... 

Thyme 

Spinach, canned 

Sugar: 

Granulated 

Powdered I— do 

Tapioca... ...do 



...do... 
...do... 
...do... 
...do... 
—do... 



Period 



1 year.. 

do. 

—do. 



6 months... 
do 

5 months... 
do 

9 months... 

6 months... 

8 months... 

1 year 

do 

do 

do 



.do do... 

.do 5 months. 



-do... 
.do... 

-do 

-do..... 
.do 

.do 

.do 

.do 



.do 

.do 

.do... 
.do 

.do- 



do. 

—do. 

do. 



-do- 
Gallon. 
Pound, 
-do— 

..do.... 

..do— 
-do... 
-do— 
—do- 
do— 
... do— 
— do... 



.do. 



1 year — 
6 months. 
1 year — 

do... 

do... 

do... 

do... 

do- 



Remarks 



-! 



do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 



5 months.. 

1 year 

Indefinite. 

1 year 

do 

— do— 
„.. do— 

___.do— . 

....do 

.... do— 
— do— . 
... -do— 
.... do— 
— do... . 
....do- 



Indefinite. 
4 months.. 
1 year 



Tea 

Tomatoes, canned. 
Tongue, canned- 
Vinegar 



...do 

—do 

...do 

Gallon 



do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 



Keep dry and cool. 
Do. 

Keep cool, dry, and well ventilated; 
reduce period if possible. 

Delicate; keep stock to the mini- 
mum. 



Perishable; reduce period if possi- 
ble. 

Turn cases monthly; shake cans be- 
fore opening. 

Must be kept cool; refrigerate if 
possible. 



Reduce to 8 months wherever pos- 
sible. 



Keep dry and cool; otherwise it will 
become musty or moldy or wee- 
vily. 
Do. 



Reduce this period if possible. 



Reduce this period if possible to 
months. 



Keep dry and cool; otherwise will 
become musty or moldy or wee- 
vily. 



(14-15) 



■ 






14-55 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

14-55 

(1) Subsistence stores longest on hand, if in good condition, will be issued 
first. Reserve stocks must be continuously turned over and not allowed to 
deteriorate. 

(2) Subsistence stores in good condition but not required for use will be 
immediately reported to the Quartermaster. Stores liable to rapid deteriora- 
tion, or in other urgent cases, such as sudden abandonment of a post, may be 
sold or otherwise disposed of on the recommendation of the post quarter- 
master, approved by the commanding officer. 

14-56 

Perishable provisions shajl not be procured in greater quantities than can 
probably be used before spoiling. 

Sales of Pbovisions 

14-61 

To whom. — (1) At navy yards and stations where no Navy commissaries are 
operated, the post quartermaster may, when authorized by the commanding 
officer, make sales of provisions, including fresh bread, for cash, to those 
listed below. At navy yards and stations where Navy commissaries are 
operated, but where fresh, smoked and salted meats, and bread are not sold, 
the post quartermaster may sell these components of the ration. Sales may 
be made to officers or enlisted men, to civilian employees of the Marine Corps, 
and to welfare organizations now authorized to purchase, on their certificate 
that the articles are for their personal or family use, or for the use of a 
mess of which they are the caterer, the members of which are entitled to 
sales privileges under these regulations. Sales may also be made, under 
similar conditions, for cash, to a member of the immediate family of an officer 
or enlisted man during his absence, upon a written request by him to the post 
quartermaster. Sales to officers and to noncommissioned officers of the first 
pay grade, including chief petty officers of the Navy when attached to a 
Marine Corps post or organization, if paid for within 10 days from the end of 
the calendar month in which made, will be regarded as cash sales. A com- 
pany, detachment, or exchange may purchase for cash under similar condi- 
tions and upon the certificate of the officer in charge. 

(2) Members of the Marine Corps Reserve on inactive duty will not be per- 
mitted to purchase from the commissary. 

(3) Officers of the Public Health Service, and officers and enlisted men of 
the Army, Navy, and Coast Guard, and honorably discharged officers and 
enlisted men of the Army, Navy, and Marine Corps who are being cared for 
and are receiving medical treatment from the Veterans' Bureau, while under- 
going such care and treatment, are permitted to purchase provisions at the 
same price as is charged to officers and enlisted men of the Marine Corps. 

(14-16) 






SUBSISTENCE 14-61 

Sales of Provisions 

14-61 

(C. M. C. M. 2) 

(1) To whom authorized to be made. — At navy yards and stations where no 
Navy commissary store is operated, sales of provisions (including fresh bread) 
may be made, when authorized by the commanding officer, to the following 
persons, on their certificate that the articles they purchase are for their 
personal or family use, or for use of a mess, organization, or activity in their 
charge, all members of which are entitled to sales privileges under these 
regulations : 

(a) Officers and enlisted men of the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast 
Guard, and officers of the Public Health Service, both active and retired. 
(6) Members of the Nurse Corps. 

(c) Members of the Marine Corps Reserve and Naval Reserve on active duty. 

(d) Members of the Fleet Marine Corps Reserve and the Fleet Naval 
Reserve on inactive duty who were transferred to the reserve after 16 or 20 
years' service. 

(e) Members of the immediate family of an officer or an enlisted man absent 
on duty or leave (i. e., wife, children, and parents and relatives who are 
actually members of his household), upon his written request and certificate. 

(f) Honorably discharged officers and enlisted men of the Army, Navy, and 
Marine Corps who are being cared for and are receiving medical treatment 
from the Veterans' Bureau, while undergoing such care and treatment. 

(g) Officers and crews of vessels of the Lighthouse Service and light and 
depot keepers of the Lighthouse Service. 

(h) Companies, detachments, and exchanges, upon the request and certificate 
of the officer in charge. 

(i) Civilian employees of the Marine Corps at stations beyond the conti- 
nental limits of the United States where it is impracticable for them to pur- 
chase suitable provisions from civilian agencies. 

(2) Sales will be made for cash paid at the time of sale, except that in the 
case of officers, companies, detachments, and exchanges, and enlisted men of 
the first pay grade (including chief petty officers of the Navy attached to a 
Marine Corps post or organization) charge sales may be permitted, to be paid 
for within ten days from the end of the calendar month in which made, but 
such sales to enlisted men will be limited to two-thirds of their unobligated 
monthly pay. Purchases of apparently excessive quantities of provisions will 
be reported by the accountable officer concerned to the commanding officer, who 
will cause them to be investigated to satisfy himself that only those entitled 
to the sales privilege are being supplied. 



(14-lOa) 



14-61 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

(3) At navy yards and stations where a Navy commissary store is operated, 
but does not handle fresh bread, fresh, smoked and salted meats, those com- 
ponents of the ration may be sold as authorized in preceding two paragraphs. 
Fresh meats will be sold only to the extent and in such proportions of the 
various cuts as will not deprive enlisted men's messes of an equitable propor- 
tion of the choice cuts. 



(14-16b) 



SUBSISTENCE ; 1 4-65 

14-62 

Articles purchased by the Marine Corps by net weight will be sold at net 
weight at the time of sale. Where the weight of a wrapper or cover was in- 
cluded in the weight of an article at the time of purchase, it will be included 
in the weight when the article is sold. Articles in cartons, packets, or sealed 
cans will be sold as purchased. Stores longest on hand will, if in fit condi- 
tion, be sold first. 

14-63 

Price list. — (1) The price to be used for sales of provisions for cash to 
authorized persons will be the price shown on first line of Return of , sub- 
sistence stores, Form N. M. C. 581, as price per unit, plus overhead. On the 
first day of each month a price list will be prepared* &l£ raction of a cent less 
than 5 mills will be disregarded, a fraction of 5 mills or more will be com- 
puted as a whole cent. All price lists should bear the notation "Prices sub- 
ject to change without notice." This price list will govern for the balance 
of the month, but the prices will be changed for sales only, if a shipment is 
received during the month the prices of which are at great variance with the 
published list. One copy of the list will be furnished to the commanding 
officer, one posted in the salesroom, and one copy forwarded to the Quarter- 
master. 

(2) Where authority is granted to carry for sale an article of better quality 
than the issue quality, or in special size container, such as bacon, 9 ounces; 
or chipped beef, 7 ounces, such articles will be carried on the return sepa- 
rately. 

14-64 

Resale of supplies. — The commanding officer will regulate the sale and de- 
livery of supplies. Selling or bartering of supplies purchased from the sales 
commissary is forbidden, except by post exchange. 

14-65 

Monthly abstract. — Sales will be abstracted monthly on Form N. M. O. 563, 
Abstract of sales of subsistence stores, and the proceeds will be accounted for 
monthly. The actual quantity sold should be expended at the unit price and 
any difference taken up as excess cash on the account sales. The command- 
ing officer will satisfy himself that the sales have been properly authorized 
and duly made and will so certify on the abstract. When the proceeds of sales 
of provisions are remitted to the disbursing assistant quartermaster on duty 
at Headquarters, Washington, D. C, this form will be prepared in quad- 
ruplicate, the original and one copy forwarded therewith. The other copies 
will be used by the officer making the sale, one accompanying his provision 
return, which should hear the autograph signature of the accountable officer, 
the other being retained. This form should be prepared in quintuplicate 

(14-17) 



i! 




14-65 



MARINE CORPS MANUAL 



BEEF 




Fig. 1. — Side of beef trimmed in ac- 
cordance with Navy Specification 
56B9 — Carcass beef in small cuts ; 
1, Hind shanks for soup ; 2, 
rumps for roast ; 8, rounds for 
steak ; 4, sirloin steaks ; 5, porter- 
house steaks ; 6, flank steaks ; 7, 
flanks for boiling; 8, short ribs 
for roast; 9, navel flanks for boil- 
ing ; 10, rib roast ; 11, rib steaks ; 
12, chuck steaks; 13, chuck roasts; 
14, briskets for boiling; 15, shanks 
for soup ; xx, knuckles off ; oooo, 
lumbar and kidney fat out; a» 4 
vertebra off 



when these funds are forwarded to any 
other disbursing assistant quartermaster, 
the original and two copies being for- 
warded therewith ; the other two copies 
will be used by the officer making the sale, 
one of which, accompanied by the acknowl- 
edgment of the receipt of the cash by the 
disbursing officer, wili accompany his 
return. When the selling officer is also 
the disbursing officer, the form should be 
prepared in quadruplicate, the original to 
accompany his account current to the 
General Accounting Office, Military Divi- 
sion, Washington, D. C, one copy to ac- 
company the account current to the Quar- 
master, one copy to accompany his provision 
return, and the remaining cotyy to be re- 
tained. 

14-66 



Sale of meats. — In order to provide a 
uniform\ method of selling cuts/ of meats 
to authorized persons and messfes for cash 
the following tables are furaished show- 
ing the percentages of the quarters, sides, 
and carcasses of certain /cuts of beef, 
mutton, ana veal, togethey with the per- 
centage of tfye cost price $6 be charged for 
these cuts. 

(a) The bake price t4 be used is to be 
the unit price\ of the /particular kind of 
meat sold. 

(o) To determine tfie sales price of any 
cut. the unit pric^ saould be multiplied by 
the percentage in We column "Percentage 
of issuing price." For example, with beef 
at unit price of lAcents per pound, por- 
terhouse steak shDum be sold at 200 per 
cent of 12 cents, oa* 24Wnts per pound. On 
the same basis cftuck Coasts would be sold 
at 70 per cent, or 8.4 cents per pound. 

(o) The actual quantity of meat sold 
should be expended at the\unit price, and 
any differences taken up V 5 excess cash 
on the account sales. 



(14-18) 



SUBSISTENCE 



14-66 



Table showing cuts, percentage of issuing price, etc. 



Percent 



CARCASS BEEF IN MARKET CUTS ] 

Ribs I 9. 10 

Loins ! 17.50 

Rounds ! 23.11 

Flanks 5. 10 

Navel end ! 8.47 

Chucks 33.00 

Shrinkage 3. 72 

i 100.00 

CARCASS BEEF IN SMALL CUTS 



Percent- j 

age of | 

issuing | 

price | 



Hind shanks for soup j 3.82 

Rumps for roast ■ 3.83 

Rounds for steak | 15. 46 

Sirloin steaks j 9.00 

Porterhouse steaks 8. 50 

Flank steaks | 1.00 

Flanks for boiling 4. 10 

Short ribs for roast \ 4.00 

Navel flanks for boiling ■ 4. 47 

Rib roast i 3. 50 

Rib steaks . I 5.60 

Chuck steaks I 13.00 

Chuck roasts. : 10.00 

Briskets for boiling i 6.00 

Shanks for soup I 4.00 

Shrinkage 3.72 



100.00 



BEEF HIND QUARTERS IN SMALL 
CUTS 

Hind shanks for soup..../. i 3. 82 

Rumps for ftast / 3.83 

Rounds for stfcak ./ , i 15.46 

Sirloin steaks. \.../. 9. 00 

Porterhouse steaksyf 8. 50 

Flank steaks ¥- ' L °° 

Flanks for boiling.\. { 4. 10 

Shrinkage .C_.N— - | 2.72 

rJtC^V* t*A &4sj I 48.43 

^EEF FORE QUARTERS IN Si! ALL 
CUTS 

Short rib\f or roast... 4.00 

Navel flanks for boiling 

Rib roasts-N. .J^-ITSO ! 

Rib steaks.. .\. *-*?- 5 - 60 ; 

Chuck steaks_\. _-*d---.i 13. 00 ! 

Chuck roasts.. \....^Z. 10.00 

Briskets for boilin^^. I 6. 00 

Shanks for soup-^\. I 4. 00 ; 

Shrinkage- . .J€....\ I 1.00 j. 



51.57 



Hin*f quarters : 48.43 

fte quarters ! 51.57 



, r 100.00 
. 



125 

160 ! 

90 j 
100 I 

70 ! 

85 



70 
110 
130 
200 
170 
80 
80 
'60 
110 
140 
110 
70 
90 
40 



Percent 



CARCASS SHEEP IN SMALL CUTS i 

Legs j 23. 73 

Loin chops 20.34 

Flanks j 3.39 

French chops 20. 34 

Stew 30.50 

Shrinkage 1.70 



HINDS, SHEEP 



Legs 

Loin chops. 

Flanks 

Shrinkage- . 



30 i 

70 

110 j 
130 
200 I 
170 



100 

100 



100.00 



49.13 

42.11 

7.01 

1.75 



100.00 



FORES, SHEEP 

French chops I 39.34 

Stew 59.01 

Shrinkage.. j 1.65 



Fore Quarters .. 
Hind quarters . 



100.00 



Percent 

age of 

issuing 

price 



51.69 , 
48.31 



CARCASS VEAL IN SMALL CUTS 

Breast 

Chops 

Chucks 

Shanks 

Legs. 



14.41 
18.01 
17.12 
5.42 
21.61 
Loins 14. 41 



100.00 



Flanks. 

Shanks.... 

Shrinkage. 



3.61 

3.60 
1.81 



100.00 



FORES, VEAL 

Breast | 25.82 

Chops I 32. 26 

Chucks I 30.67 

Shanks I 9. 67 

Shrinkage 1.58 



HINDS, VEAL 



100.00 



Loins—.-. 

Flanks 

Shanks 

Shrinkage - 



48.98 

32.66 

8.16 

8.16 

2.04 



100.00 



Fore quarters.-. . \ 55.85 

Hind quarters 44. 15 



100.00 



100 

130 
50 
155 



100 
130 
60 




110 



135 
70 
50 
135 
110 
70 
50 



90 
135 
70 

50 



135 
110 
70 



90 
110 



(14-19) 



14-66 MARINE COBPS MANUAL 

MOTTON VIAL 




Fig. 2.— Cuts of mutton and lamb: 1, 2, 
saddle ; 3, 4, 5, rack ; 1, 2, 3, long saddle ; 
2, 3, 4. 5, body ; 1, leg ; 2, loin ; 3, short 
rack ; 2, 3, back ; 4, breast ; 5, chuck ; 
4, 5, stew 



Fig. 3. — Cuts of veal : 1, 2, saddle (or 2 
hind quarters) ; 3, 4, rack (or 2 fore 
quarters); 1, leg; 2, loin; 3, ribs; 
4. stew 



14-67 

Sale of empty food containers. — Proceeds from sales of empty food containers 
will be deposited in the Treasury as "Miscellaneous receipts." Such sales 
will be reported as a separate entry on the Abstract of sales, Form N. M. C. 563, 
(See Comp. Dec. February 1, 1913.) 

14-71 



Surveys of Provisions 

(1) The post quartermaster will keep himself informed as to the condition of 
provisions and see that unfit articles are promptly surveyed, removed from 
contact with good stock, and disposed of as recommended. Fresh provisions 
should, when necessary, be overhauled and sorted. " The medical officer shall, 

(14-20) 



SUBSISTENCE 14-66 

14-66 

SALE OF MEATS. - (1) In order to provide a uniform method 
of cutting meat for sale purposes, and the determining of 
prices to be used, the following tables showing the percent- 
ages of weight of the quarters, sides and carcasses of 
certain cuts of meat together with the percentages of the 
cost price to be charged for such cuts, will be used. To 
the prices determined by this method will be added the 
overhead of 10 per cent in arriving at the prices to be 
shown on the monthly price list. 

(2) The base price to be used will be the unit 
contract price of the particular kind of meat sold. 

(3) To determine the sales price of any cut, the 
unit price should be multiplied by the percentage in the 
column "Percentage of issuing price." For example with 
beef at the unit price of 12 cents per pound, porterhouse 
steak, should be sold at 200 per cent of 12 cents, or 24 
T cents per pound, plus 10 per cent overhead. On the same 
basis chuck roast would be sold at 115 per cent or 13.8 
cents per pound, plus 10 per cent overhead. No variation 
from prices established by this method will be permitted 
without specific authority of the Quartermaster, Head- 
quarters Marine Corps. 

(4) Where the selling of meat involves cutting 
and subsequent sale under a different title and at a 
different price from that which the Government had paid 
for the whole piece, the actual quantities of meat cut 
for sales purposes and sold during the accounting period 
will be shown on the abstract of sales under the same 
title as purchased and at the unit contract price paid 
for the whole piece (carcass, side, quarter or wholesale 
cut). All such entries on the abstract of sales will be 
supported by a separate certificate setting forth in 
detail the quantities of each cut together with the 
prices and extensions. The quantities, prices and 
extensions shown on this certificate will be arrived 

at by a recapitulation of all the sales slips for the 

(14-18a) 



14-66 SUBSISTENCE 

accounting period covering the sales of such cuts and this 
fact will be certified to on the face of the form by the 
accountable officer. The difference between the total 
amount of individual sales and the total money value of 
the corresponding item on the abstract of sales plus 10 
per cent will be taken up as a separate item on the ab- 
stract as "Gain on meat sales ". Where trimmings, i. e., 
tallow and bones, are sold in accordance with section 
3743, Revised Statutes, the proceeds thereof will be shown 
on Form NMC 563 as a separate entry, and the total "Gain 
on meat sales " reduced accordingly. The following ex- 
ample will serve to show the manner in which it is desired 
to make up the certificate in question: 

Station 

Date. ....... 



Certificate supporting meat cut and sold during the month 

of under different title and at different price 

from that under which government purchase was made. 



AS SHOWN ON ABSTRACT OF SALES 

1500 lbs. Beef, fresh, hinds @ .20 $300.00 



ACTUALLY CUT AND SOLD 


AS 


126 


lbs 


Hind shanks 


@ 


.07 


156 


lbs 


Rump 


e 


.15 


413 


lbs 


Round 


§ 


,24 


285 


lbs 


Sirloin 


e 


.29 


264 


lbs 


Porterhouse 





.44 


106 


lbs 


Flank 


e 


.18 


150 


lbs 


Trimmings 


e 


.02 






Gain on 


beef . 



plus 10% $330.00 

Includes 10% 

8.82 

23.40 

99,12 

82 . 65 

116.16 

19.08 

3.00 



$352.23 $352.23 
, , $22 . 23 



(14-18b) 



SUBSISTENCE 14-66 

Note. All meat cut and sold should be shown 
as above on the same certificate. The total amount 
gained by all such transactions should be shown on 
the Abstract of Sales as a separate item. At the 
bottom of this certificate will be shown the follow- 
ing: "I CERTIFY that the quantities cf all meat 
cuts shown above were arrived at by an actual recap- 
itulation of all individual sales made during the 
accounting period" and signed by the accountable 
officer. 

(5) It will be noted that the percentage 
tables covering cutting of hind and fore quarters 
of beef permit a wastage of 10 per cent. This 
figure represents bone, fat, suet and trimmings 
that in most instances are salable. Every effort 
will be made to secure proper cash return for this 
item and, when sold, it should be listed on the 
certificate as "Trimmings", giving weight and 
total amount realized by sale. Special wholesale 
cuts of meats such as beef ribs purchased for 
sales purposes will be shown on the abstract of 
sales under the same title as purchased and at 
the contract price. A selling price will be es- 
tablished for such cuts that will insure a full 
return to the Government for the cost thereof. 

To this established selling price will be added 
the overhead of 10 per cent and the record of 
sale will be shown on the certificate supporting 
the abstract of sales in the manner outlined 
above . 

(6) Meat products such as fresh ham, 
smoked hams, sausage, etc., which produce no 
waste or trimmings will be sold at the contract 
price plus the overhead of 10 per cent. 



( 14-18c ) 



SUBSISTENCE 14-81 

when required, inspect the provisions, and report any that are unsound or 
likely to cause illness." 

(2) Storerooms must be kept clean and in good order, and every opportunity 
should be availed of for thorough cleaning of the refrigerator rooms and 
vegetable lockers. 

14-72 

(1) Survey officer. — Commanding officers of posts shall appoint at the begin- 
ning of each quarter, to serve to the end of it, a surveying officer for pro- 
visions. To this officer the post quartermaster shall refer, either orally or 
in writing, all such provisions as he may consider unfit for use, provided they 
do not exceed in value, on any one occasion, $300. 

(2) The surveying officer shall keep an itemized record of all his surveys, 
which, in case of his disability, shall be used and referred to by the officer 
appointed in his place. He shall make the report at the end of each month, 
or earlier if ordered. Provisions found to be unfit for use according to this 
report will be consolidated on a monthly survey, or survey for the period 
covered by the subsistence return rendered, using Form N. M. 0. 17, which 
must be completed in all details and may be approved by the commanding 
officer of the post or organization. Surveys must be approved before being 
acceptable as vouchers to the return. 

14-73 

Board of survey. — Where the amount involved on any one occasion exceeds 
$300, a board of survey will be requested in the manner prescribed for surveys 
on property. 

14-74 

Surveys should in all cases show the name of the contractor from whom 
the provisions were received, the date of their receipt, and the contract 
number. 

Return of Subsistence Stores 

14-81 

(1) Rendition. — The Return of Subsistence Stores will be rendered on Form 
N. M. C. 581-QM (revised) monthly and will be forwarded to the Quarter- 
master within 10 days after the expiration of the month to which it pertains, 
accompanied by supporting vouchers, such vouchers to be properly numbered, 
briefed, and clearly legible. 

(2) When there is a change in accountable officers during a month, an 
inventory of all provisions on hand will be made. The old accountable officer 
will submit a complete return and forward same to the Quartermaster. The 
new accountable officer will render a complete return for the balance of the 
month, using the same ration allowance value as used for the first part of the 
month. 

(14-21) 



14-81 



MARINE CORPS MANUAL 



(3) Depots of supplies and organizations acting as depots where no troops 
are subsisted will lender quarterly certificate of balances and account for the 
subsistence stores in the same manner as public property, keeping the subsist- 
ence stores account entirely separate from the property account. 

14-82 

(1) Computation of value of ration. — On the first day of each month the value 
of the ration for the month will be computed and entered on the Computation 
Table on Form N. M. C. 581, carrying the value of each component to the fourth 
decimal place. The unit prices to be used in computing the value of the ration 
for the current month will be the current contract price; last contract price, 
where there is no current contract; or invoice price of the last lot received 
prior to the first day of the month. Such price will be entered on line " Prices 
per unit " on the return. For newly established posts or organizations, where 
no contracts have been made, the invoice price of the first lot of a component 
received by invoice or purchase, will be used in computing the value of the 
ration for the first month, or part thereof. Organizations on the fixed Navy 
ration allowance will not be required to compute the cost of the ration, in lieu 
of which the ration allowance as fixed from time to time by the Secretary of 
the Navy will be used. 

(2) Computation table for determining unit ration value: 



Per 

cent 


Component 


Quantity 
allowed 


Unit price 


Value 


100 


Flour, issue 

Bacon, issue. 

Beef, issue, fresh 

Beans, Navy, dry 

Potatoes, fresh 

Onions, fresh 

Tomatoes, canned 

Apples, evaporated 

Peaches, canned 

Jam, blackberry 

Cocoa, issue 

Coffee, R. and Q 

Tea, issue 

Milk, evaporated 

Butter, issue 

Cheese, issue 

Lard, issue 

Macaroni, issue 

Mustard, dry 

Pepper, black 

Pickles, cucumber 

Salt, issue 


pounds.. 

.——.do.... 

do.... 

gallons.. 

pounds. . 

do.... 

do.... 

do.... 

do.... 

do.... 

do.... 

do.... 

do.... 

do.... 

do.... 

do— 

do.... 

do.... 

do— 

do.... 

do— 

do.... 


112.5 
37.5 
122.5 

.9375 
105.0 
35.0 
7.5 
1.125 
2.25 
3.00 
1.875 
9.375 
.3125 
6.25 
12.5 
3.57 
7.875 
3.57 
.446 
.446 
3.57 
3.57 
.446 
.1116 
25.0 
.8928 
.5 
.0875 






! 


30 










70 










10 










60 










20 










10 










30 










30 








' 


40 










15 










75 










10 










100 








100 










100 










100 










100 










100 










100 










100 










100 










100 


Sirup, issue 

Cinnamon 

Sugar, granulated 

Vinegar 

Baking powder 


gallons.. 

pounds.. 

do 

gallons.. 

pounds.. 










100 










100 










100 










100 










100 


Extract, lemon.. 


do 






















Value of 100 rations 










Value of 1 ration . 

























(14r-22) 



SUBSISTENCE 14~82 

(3) The various quantities of articles ou hand on the first day of the month, 
as shown by an inventory on last day of previous month, will be entered on 
line " Balances on hand, per last return." The unit prices for such articles will 
be the current monthly contract price; last contract prices, where there is no 
current contract ; or invoice price of the last lot received prior to the first day 
of the month ; and such prices will be entered on line " Prices per unit." 

(4) Where there is no stock on hand of an issue article (as distinguished 
from miscellaneous articles), on the first day of the month, and the article is not 
a component used in computing the value of the ration, prices will not be en- 
tered on line " Prices per unit " unless a supply is received during the month, in 
which case the invoice or contract price of the first lot received will be entered 
and will govern for the balance of that month. 

(5) Prices once determined and entered on the return will govern all ex- 
penditures during the month, except as modified by that part of article 14-63, 
applying to stores received during the month the prices of which are at great 
variance -with established prices, and then only after all stock at the old price 
variance with established prices, and then only after all stock on hand at the 
old price has been expended. 

(6) Where stores are received at posts from expeditionary forces or aban- 
doned posts, the articles will be receipted for at the invoice prices and carried 
on the return of the receiving officer at his current prices, and issued accord- 
ingly. 

(7) In computing the cost of the ration on the first day of the month for 
articles where it is necessary to use the price of the last lot received, as speci- 
fied above, should any of the last lots contain two or more lots of the same 
articles received on the same invoice or on the same date, at different prices, the 
unit price will be determined by dividing the total value of such lots by the 
total quantity, carrying unit price to rhe fourth decimal place. The same pro- 
cedure applies in determining the price of issue articles other than components, 
to be shown on the return as " Price per unit." 

(8) In computing the cost of the ration^ when component articles of the 
ration are provided for in the contract, or furnished on invoice, in different 
kinds of packages, the price varying with the package, the current or invoice 
price of the article in the least expensive package will be used. 

(9) If, at a post or station, a component article of the ration has not been 
supplied, or if, for any other reason, the post quartermaster is unable to deter- 
mine the current price for use in computing the cost of the ration, the price 
for the month (or until a supply is received) will be fixed by the Quarter- 
master, who will base it, whenever practicable, upon the last price at the place 
designated as the source of supply of the article for the post or station. 

(10) The procedure outlined in the preceding paragraphs does not apply to 
miscellaneous articles procured for sales or issue purposes, or to stores pro- 
cured by local purchase during the month, for which there is no contract ; such 
articles will be taken up separately on the return and expended at the price 
at which received, and will be shown separately on the voucher expending 
same. 

(14-23) 



14-82 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

(11) Where beef, fresh, as described in existing Marine Corps specifications, 
is not obtainable for issue or, because of lack of storage facilities or other 
reason, purchase of same is not practicable, and live cattle are purchased and 
kept on hand to supply fresh beef for troops, the following method will be used 
in determining the net weight and unit price of beef, issue, to be taken up on 
the subsistence return. 

Live cattle will be taken up on the return in the following manner : 

EXAMPLE 

5 steers, at $54.00 each $270.00 

and so shown on the public voucher covering purchase. When issued for 
slaughter such cattle will be expended by certificate and, after being slaugh- 
tered and the carcasses dressed to the condition required by existing Marine 
Corps specifications and cut shown in article 14-66, the resulting net weight 
of beef, fresh, will be taken up on the return as " Beef, fresh." The certificate 
should read as follows: 

EXAMPLE 

5 steers, at $54.00 each __._ $270.00 

expended for slaughter and 

3,375 lbs. beef, fresh, issue, @ $0.8 lb $270. 00 

taken up for issue ; 

the unit price of beef, fresh, issue, being determined by dividing the total cost 
of the live cattle plus the cost of slaughtering, if any, by the net weight of 
issue beef derived from the slaughter of the cattle. 

The unit price of fresh beef, issue, covering all slaughtering during the 
month obtained, as shown above, will be determined on the last day of each 
month and will be used as the price of fresh beef for the following month. 
Live cattle remaining on hand at the end of any month will be carried over to 
the next month's return at the price per head for the last lot purchased. 

Purchase of live cattle, when necessary, will be made by a representative of 
the Quartermaster's Department, who will also arrange for the care and main- 
tenance of the animals until they are converted into fresh beef. 

14-83 

Enter on the Statement of Ration Allowance on Form N. M. C. 581 the value 
of unused allowance from previous month; the total number of rations as 
shown by monthly ration memorandum Form N. M. C. 828, together with com- 
puted or fixed allowance per ration and the aggregate value of same ; subtract 
total value of subsistence stores issued, as per abstract of issues, Form N. M. 
C. 563, from total ration credit, which will give the value of unused ration 
allowance to be carried to succeeding month. The value of any unused allow- 
ance will be carried forward to the return of the following month of the current 
quarter as an additional allowance, but no unused allowance existing at the 

(14-24) 



SUBSISTENCE 14-91 

end of a quarter will be carried to the succeeding quarter. All unused allow- 
ance at the end of a quarter will revert to the Government and will not be 
taken up on the ration return of a succeeding quarter. 

14-84 

(1) Over or under credit. — In the event an accountable officer was not in- 
formed of the presence of men entitled to rations, and did not take credit 
during an accounting period, he is entitled to take credit for such rations 
during the accounting period in which such information is furnished to him. 

(2) In the event an accountable officer was not informed of the absence or 
transfer of men entitled to rations and took excess credit during an account- 
ing period, he will make the necessary deduction from the number of rations 
due for the accounting period in which such information is furnished him. 

14-85 

Weighing and measuring stores. — Great care should be exercised in taking up 
and issuing stores in pounds and gallons according to headings on the return. 

14-86 

(1) A monthly inventory will be taken on the last day of each month by the 
accountable officer, or, in case it is impracticable for the accountable officer to 
take such inventory, by one or more commissioned officers designated by the 
commanding officer, and the certificate, on Form N. M. C. 581, that such inven- 
tory was taken signed by the officer or officers taking the inventory, such in- 
ventory to be an actual physical inventory of the various storerooms on the 
last day of the month or last day of the period for which the return is rendered. 

(2) If, after taking his monthly inventory, an accountable officer finds that 
minor shortages exist through waste, breakage, errors, etc., he is allowed to 
drop such shortages from his returns on a certificate approved by the com- 
manding officer Unusual discrepancies not covered by the above will be 
accounted fur Dy survey. Wastage will be reported only when it actually exists 
as determined by the monthly inventory. 

(3) When the monthly inventory indicates that stores are on hand in excess 
of the paper balances, the excess will be taken up under the heading " Gains." 

Preparation of Vouchers 

14-91 

(1) At the end of each month itemized vouchers will be prepared in favor 
of contractors for the actual quantity of the component or substitutive articles 
of the ration purchased during the month under existing contracts and for- 
warded to the officer of the Quartermaster's Department authorized to pay 
same. 

(14-25) 



14-91 



MARINE CORPS MANUAL 



(2) The firm name of the payee on the monthly voucher and the signature 
to the certificate of correctness on the contractor's bill (or on the voucher 
form) should agree literally with the signature to the contract in each in- 
stance. 

(3) The various quantities of the same item stated on the contractor's bills 
should be consolidated before the items are transcribed to the vouchers and 
such accounts prepared on Forms N. M. O. 377 and. 377a in the manner illus- 
trated below: 



Date of de* 

livery or 

service, 192- 


Item 
No. 


Quan- 
tity 


Unit 


Article or service 


Unit 

price 


Amount 


(9) 


(10) 


(11) 


(12) 


(13) 


(14) 


(15) (16) 


July 1-31 


1 

23 
38 


1,500 
45 
12 


Pound 

Gallon 

Bottle 


Beef, fresh 


$0. 1162 
.113 
.16 


$174. 30 


Do 


Vinegar 


5.09 


Do 


Lemon extract (4-ounce bottles) 


1.92 



(4) The following blank forms pertain to the Return of subsistence stores: 
N. M. C. 581-QM Return of subsistence stores. 

24 Invoice and receipt for subsistence stores. 

377 Combination purchase order and public voucher. 

563 Abstract of articles of subsistence stores issued or 

sold. 
17 Survey. 

828 Monthly ration memorandum. 

565 Daily ration statement. 

Bakeries 

14-92 

(1) Bread shall be baked in post bakeries when practicable. At all per- 
manent posts a suitable space and the necessary fuel, utensils, and furniture 
therefor shall be provided by the Quartermaster's Department, who shall also 
construct the ovens and keep them in repair. The post quartermaster shali 
have charge of the bakery and its operations. 

(2) The necessary components shall be issued to the bakery for the manu- 
facture of bread, pastry, pies, etc., and dropped from the provision return on 
certificate that they were issued to bakery for manufacture. The bread, pastry, 
pies, etc., manufactured shall be taken up on the return on certificate that they 
were manufactured in the post bakery. The unit cost of an article so manu- 
factured will be the sum of the cost of the components in that article. 

(3) Articles shown on the certificate should be expended from the return as 
a separate transaction from the issues to the mess. The certificate taking up 



(14-26) 



SUBSISTENCE 14—94 

the products of the bakery should show the quantity and value of each article 
received from the bakery. The total value of certificate of issue and certificate 
of receipt should agree. 

Ice 

14-93 

(1) Requisitions for ice for the preservation of rations and for use in offices 
will be made on the Quartermaster's Department annually or when necessary, 
the quantity for each purpose to be stated separately. Surplus ice manufac- 
tured with Government ice machines at posts and stations of the Marine Corps 
may be sold under regulations and at prices to be established by the Quarter- 
master. 

(2) Ice that may be issued in accordance with regulations will be dropped 
from the subsistence returns of the accountable officer on certificate of the 
issuing officer, duly approved by the commanding officer. 

Subsistence Allowance 

14-94 

(1) Requests for subsistence and quarters allowance will be referred to the 
Major General Commandant, or such officer as may be designated by him to 
approve them, by the commanding officer of the post, with the following infor- 
mation, together with the recommendation of the commanding officer : 

(a) Full name and rank of applicant. 

(b) Married or single. 

(c) If married, whether his family is with him. 

(d) Nature of duty performed. 

(e) Whether or not the military efficiency of the command will suffer 

by reason of his being quartered outside the post. 

(f) Whether or not quarters and messing facilities are available. 

{ff) If quarters and messiug facilities are not available, whether they 

can economically be made available. 
(h) The nearest approximate distance from the post at which he could 

procure quarters, provided an allowance for quarters is authorized. 

(2) Before the request is forwarded, the command'ng officer will carefully 
consider all existing facilities for quartering and messing. These, if available, 
or can economically be made available, must be employed. Special privilege or 
benefit to any man will not be considered as a reason for granting allowances 
for quarters and subsistence. (C. M. C. M. 3.) 

(3) Where an enlisted man is discharged and reenlists the following day 
and continues at the same post or station on the same duty, or under the same 
conditions, and is entitled to a quarters and subsistence allowance, or either, 
the authority therefor will be continued without further action. Where more 
than one day lapses between date of discharge and date of reenlistment, the 
original authorization will be considered as void and must be renewed in the 
usual manner. (C. M. C. M. 5.) 

(14-27) 



14-95 



MARINE COEPS MANUAL 



14-95 

Payment. — The allowances prescribed in Table I, article 14-96, when author- 
ized by the Major General Commandant, or officer designated by him, will be 
paid from the appropriation " Pay, Marine Corps," and those authorized in 
Table II, article 14-96, will be paid from the appropriation " General Expenses, 
Marine Corps." (C. M. C. M. 1 and 3.) 

14-96 

(1) The allowances for quarters and subsistence for enlisted men prescribed by 
the President, under authority of the act of Congress approved June 10, 1922, 
are as follows: (C. M. C. M. 2.) 

Table I 

(2) Men on duty where quarters or rations in kind are not furnished will 
be granted allowances as follows: 



No Govern- 
ment mess- 
ing facilities 
furnished 



Government 
messing 
facilities 
furnished 



General: 

(a) Subsistence 

(6) Quarters 

Special— Alaska, Europe, South America, and men absent from their ships 
or stations on temporary duty not involving travel, except enlisted 
men attached to Naval Mission to Brazil: 

(a) Subsistence 

(b) Quarters 

Special— Naval Mission to Brazil: 

(a) Subsistence. _._ — 

(b) Quarters 



$1.20 
.75 



2.10 
1.00 



.50 
1.00 



$1.00 
.75 



1.90 
1.00 



.50 
1.00 



Note — -(a) Upon arrival at or departure from a station where allowances 
for subsistence are paid, same will be computed as follows : The day to begin 
at midnight; for 18 hours or more at the station, one whole day; for 12 hours 
or over, but less than 18 hours at the station, two-thirds of one day ; for six 
hours or over, but less than 12 hours at the station, one-third of one day. No 
allowance for subsistence will be paid for the day on which a man arrives at a 
station after 6 o'clock p. in. (C. M. C. M. 1 and 5.) 

(6) In determining the allowance for quarters, a fractional part of a day 
will be computed as a whole day, the day to begin at midnight. 



(14-28) 



SUBSISTENCE 
Table II 



14-96 



(3) Men traveling on duty where cooked or travel rations are not furnished 
for the journey will be granted daily allowances as follows: (G. M. C. M. 2.) 





Travel 
status, 
including 
detention 
of not to 
exceed 3 
days at 
one place 


Travel status involv- 
ing detentions 




For the 
4th to the 
6th days 
(inclusive) 
of deten- 
tion at 
one place 


For the 
7th to the 
31st days 
(inclusive) 
of deten- 
tion at 
one place 


1. Sleeping-car, stateroom accommodations, or other quarters fur- 
nished: 


$2.25 

2.25 

1.50 

2.50 
1.50 


$1.65 

1.65 
1.00 

2.50 
1.00 


$1.40 


2. No sleeping-car, stateroom accommodations, or other quarters fur- 
nished: 

(a) Subsistence - 


1.40 


(6) Quarters 


.75 


3. Special— Alaska, Europe, and South America: 


2.10 




1.00 







(14-28a) 



SUBSISTENCE 14r-97 

Note. — (a) When in travel status, allowances for subsistence will be com- 
puted ns follows for the day of departure from and arrival at station: The 
day to begin at midnight ; for 18 hours or more in travel status, one whole 
day ; for 12 hours or over, but less than 18 hours in travel status, two-thirds 
of one day ; for less than 12 hours in travel status, one-third of one day ; no 
allowance will be paid for the first day of a journey which begins after 
6 o'clock p. m. 

(&) In determining the allowance for quarters, a fractional part of a day 
will be computed as a whole day, the day to begin at midnight. No allowance 
will be paid for the first day of a journey which begins after 6 o'clock p. m. 

(c) Men absent under orders from their regular stations upon duty which 
involves travel and also temporary detentions during the journey will be 
deemed to be traveling under orders during the entire period of such absence. 
Allowances for the per.ods spent in actual travel, including detentions of not 
to exceed three days, will be computed as on a " Travel status " basis. Allow- 
ances for the periods of detention in excess of three days will be as indicated 
in Table II. For longer periods of detention at one place, the allowances pre- 
scribed in Table I will govern after the first 31 days. (C. M. C. M. 2.) 

(d) Rescinded. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(e) Enlisted men traveling on duty by privately owned conveyance are en- 
titled to allowance for subsistence en route at the same rate but not exceeding 
the total amount that they would be entitled to had transportation been fur- 
nished to them by the Government. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(f) By the word "quarters" is meant quarters which are equivalent to 
those a man would have assigned to him at a barracks, post, or camp. By 
" Government messing facilities " is meant facilities for establishing a mess 
equvalent to a general mess at a barracks, post, or camp. This includes 
the procurement of provisions from the Quartermaster's Department, the 
detail of cooks and messmen, and the proper facilities for preparing and 
serving meals. . 

14-97 

Commutation of rations at the rate prescribed by law may be paid to — 
Sergeants major, 
Quartermaster sergeants, 
Master technical sergeants, 
Paymaster sergeants, 
First sergeants, 
Gunnery sergeants, 
Supply sergeants, 
Drum majors, 
Staff sergeants, 



(14-20) 



14—97 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

on duty at shore stations when the following conditions obtain: 

(a) When the man submitting the request is a married man, who will, 

if ration is commuted, subsist himself with his family. 

(b) When the mess of which such man is a member will not be left 

with too few members to permit of an economical administration. 

(c) When the commanding officer, after inquiry as to the facts of (a) 

and (6), forwards the request recommending approval by the 
Major General Commandant, or the officer designated by the 
Major General Commandant to approve them, and the request is 
approved. (C. M. C. M. 3.) 

14-98 

(1) On Army transport. — Enlisted men of the Marine Corps traveling on duty 
under orders on a vessel of the United States Army Transport Service will 
not be allowed commutation of rations or subsistence allowance for the time 
they are aboard. They will be quartered with the enlisted men of the Army 
on board of corresponding rank and will mess with them accordingly. 

(2) Enlisted men granted furlough with permission to travel on a vessel of 
the United States Army Transport Service will be quartered with the enlisted 
men of the Army aboard of corresponding rank and will mess with them 
accordingly, and will be required to reimburse the transport quartermaster the 
actual cost of subsistence furnished. The transport officer will certify upon the 
man's furlough the dates between which the subsistence was so furnished. 

14-99 

Cash for subsistence. — Enlisted men and applicants for enlistment, accepted or 
rejected, in travel status as per Table II, conditions 1 and 2, will be furnished 
cash for subsistence at the rate of 75 cents per meal. This allowance will not 
apply to travel via commercial vessels where subsistence is included in the fare, 
or to travel via Government vessels. 

14-100 

Upon requisition to the Quartermaster, cash for subsistence will be fur 
nished to assistant quartermasters, post quartermasters, commanding officers 
where there are no post quartermasters, recruiting officers, and any others 
who may be authorized to provide subsistence in connection with transportation, 
except disbursing assistant quartermasters at the following-named posts and 
stations who will make all cash advances from funds for wn'ch they are 
accountable to the Treasurer of the United States: 

Depot Quartermaster, Marine Corps, Naval Operating Base, Hampton 

Roads, Norfolk, Va. 
Purchase and Finance Officer Marine Barracks, Parris Island, S. C. 
Depot Quartermaster, Marine Corps, 1100 South Broad Street, Phila- 
delphia, Pa. 
Post Quartermaster Marine Barracks, Quantico, Va. 
Depot Quartermaster, Marine Corps, 100 Harrison Street, San Francisco, 
Calif. (C. M. C. M. 5.) 

(14-30) 



SUBSISTENCE 14-102 

14-101 

An officer having in his possession cash for sub- 
sistence should, upon being relieved, turn over the un- 
expended balance remaining on hand to his successor, 
taking receipt in duplicate therefor, and forward the 
original to the Quartermaster, retaining the duplicate 
for his own protection, except the disbursing assistant 
quartermasters specified in article 14-100 in which cases 
original receipts will be retained by such officers. 
(C. M, C, M. 5.) 



14-102 

(1) The amount of cash to be advanced for subsis- 
tence will be based on the time necessary to complete 
the travel contemplated, and the amount so advanced for 
meals and lodgings will be shown on the original orders 
together with the time of departure from post or station. 
In cases where long journeys are involved and delays are 
liable the issuing officer is authorized to furnish such 
additional cash for subsistence as may be deemed neces- 
sary. The traveler should, however, be informed that 
only the number of meals at 75 cents each, based on the 
actual time consumed in the travel, will be allowed, 

and any excess expenditure will be collected from him. 
(C. M. C. M. 5.) 

(2) In cases where a change in the station or 
status of a man receiving a commuted allowance in lieu 
of quarters occurs the following will govern: If the 
departure is prior to 6.00 o'clock p.m., no station 
allowance for quarters will be allowed, but the travel 



(14-30a) 



14-102 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 



allowance for quarters will be advanced. If the depart- 
ure is after 6.00 o'clock p.m., the station allowance 
for quarters will be paid and no CASH allowance for 
quarters advanced. For the day of arrival at a station 
the station alllowance for quarters will be paid and 
no CASH allowance will be advanced. Cash will not be 
advanced for quarters in cases where travel is completed 
in the same day, i.e., between midnights. 

The following examples are given for illustration: 

Departure 4 o'clock p.m., no station allowance 
for quarters should be paid but travel allowance for 
quarters should be advanced. 

Departure 6:30 o'clock p.m., station allowance 
for quarters will be paid, but no cash travel allowance 
for quarters advanced, although pullman berth or state- 
room may be furnished if necessary. 

Arrival at a station any time between midnights, 
station allowance but no travel allowance for quarters 
will be allowed. Station allowance for quarters will 
be allowed even though a pullman berth or stateroom 
was furnished for part of the day of arrival at a station 



14-30b 



SUBSISTENCE 14—103 

11-101 

Aii officer having in Ms possession cash for subsistence should, upon being 
relieved, turn over fche unexpended, balance remaining on hand to his successor, 
taking receipt in duplicate thei efor,\and forward the original to the Quarter- 
master, retaining the\ duplicate for Ink own protection, except the disbursing 
assistant quartermasters specified in article 11-100 in which cases original 
receipts will be retained by such officers. (C^M. C. M. 5.) 

\ S 

\ 11-102 

The amount of cash to he, advanced for subsistence will be based on the 
time necessary to complete the travel contemplated, and the amount so 
advanced for meals and lodgings will be shown on the original orders together 
with the time of departure from post or station. In ca^sx where long journeys 
are involved and delays a-re liable the issuing office? is authorized to furnish 
such additional ca^ foiysubsistence as may be deejzied necessary. The traveler 
should, however, be informed that only the numoer of meals at 75 cents each, 
based on the actual time consumed in the travel; will be allowed, and any excess 
expenditure wilLJrfe collected from him. (CXM. C. M. 5.) 

11-103 

Upon arrival of traveler or party at a post or station post quartermasters, 
or other designated officers, will require an accounting from the man to whom 
cash was advanced, indorse the time of arrival and the amount of cash turned 
in. if any, on the original orders. Any unexpended or improperly used funds 
collected should be forwarded to the " Disbursing Assistant Quartermaster. 
Headquarters, Marine Corps, Washington, D. C,*' with a statement showing 
by whom the cash was advanced and the name of the traveler, or person in 
charge of the detachment, except when cash was advanced by one of the dis- 
bursing assistant quartermasters specified in article 14-100 in which cases 
such collections should be forwarded to the disbursing assistant quartermaster 
at the post or station concerned together with the same statement as required 
when cash is forwarded to the disbursing assistant quartermaster, head- 
quarters. When cash is forwarded to other than the Disbursing Assistant 
Quartermaster, Headquarters, Marine Corps, Washington, D. C, a copy of the 
statement accompanying cash should be forwarded to the quartermaster to 
be filed with copy of the voucher on which cash was advanced. In no case 
will cash turned in or collected be taken up by a deputy, or other than the 
disbursing assistant quartermaster, who must account for the advance to the 
General Accounting Office. (C. M. C. M. 5.) 



(11-31) 



14^-104 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

14-104 

Rescinded. (C. M. C. M. 2.) 

14-105 

When detachments are to be furnished transportation which involves sub- 
sistence en route, arrangements should be made, if practicable with the initial 
carrier, to provide the necessary subsistence, the cost of which is not to exceed 
75 cents per meal for each traveler, and with the understanding that cash 
therefor will be paid by the commissioned or noncommissioned officer in charge 
of the detachment. 

14-106 

Cash advanced for subsistence of deserters or stragglers in travel status 
will be included in the statement of expenses prepared in each case for check- 
age. (See arts. 18-81 and 18-82.) 

14-107 

The cost of subsistence en route furnished to general court-martial prison- 
ers and their guards is a charge against the appropriation " Pay, miscellaneous, 
Navy," and special care will be taken that all cash advanced for that purpose 
is properly accounted for on Form N. M. C. 625. 

14-108 

Cash for hoi coffee. — When cooked rations are furnished to enlisted men travel- 
ing, a sufficient amount of cash may be provided for the purchase of hot coffee 
en route, the quantity being based on 1 pint per man per meal. Cash so pro- 
vided will be accounted for on cash payment voucher, Form N. M. C. 727, 
to which should be appended the receipt (Form N. M. C. 625) covering the 
expenditure. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

14-109 

Cash for lodging. — Enlisted men in charge of detachments, and guards in 
charge of prisoners, if directed to return to their regular stations after having 
deLvered the detachment or prisoners to the proper authorities, will be fur- 
nished a reasonable amount of cash by the issuing officer for lodging, while 
awaiting return transportation, when it is impracticable for them to be quar- 
tered at a marine barracks or at a recruiting station. If meals are furnished 
at a marine barracks to enlisted men arriving in charge of detachments, or 
guards in charge of prisoners, while awaiting return transportation to their 
own station, in accordance with the above, such men will be taken up for one 
day's ration at the post at which they are so detained, or as long as may be 
required. 



(14-32) 



CHAPTER 15 



CLOTHING AND CLOTHING ALLOWANCE 

Clothing 

15-1 

Clothing required for issue to enlisted men shall be procured from the 
depot quartermaster designated in the annual " Marine Corps Price List of 
Clothing, etc.," on requisition approved by the commanding officer, except as 
otherwise provided in this manual. Only such articles and sizes as are specified 
in the "Marine Corps Price List of Clothing, etc.," and the*" Table of Allow- 
ances of Arms, etc.," will be called for on requisition. The quantity on hand, 
if any, of the articles called for on a requisition must be shown thereon. When 
a man can not be properly fitted with any of the regular stock sizes, measure- 
ments stated on prescribed forms shall be forwarded to the depot quarter- 
master, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Post Quartermaster to Supply 

15-2 

Except where otherwise authorized by the Quartermaster, all clothing re- 
quired by organizations attached to a post, as well as marine detachments of 
naval hospitals, naval prisons, receiving ships, station ships, and prison ships 
attached to the navy yard or naval station in which the post is located, shall be 
supplied by the post quartermaster. The accountable officers of such organiza- 
tions and detachments shall procure from the post quartermaster, not oftener 
than once a month (except in emergency), such clothing as they may actually 
require for issue, which will be regularly invoiced by the post quartermaster. 

Requisitions 

15-3 

(1) Accumulation of excess stock to be avoided. — In preparing a requisition the 
utmost care must be exercised to avoid the accumulation of a stock in excess 
of requirements, particularly in sizes that are seldom called for, and the con- 
sequent possibility of loss due to articles becoming shopworn or obsolete. 
Officers submitting requisitions will be held directly responsible for failure to 

(15-1) 



15-3 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

comply with this requirement. A record of the quantities of each size of the 
various articles of clothing issued shall be kept to serve as a guide as to the 
proper proportion of sizes of clothing to be kept on hand to meet requirements 
for a given period of time. A copy of all requisitions shall be kept on file, in 
order to prevent duplication in requiring for supplies. 

(2) Quantity to be kept on hand. — Requisitions from posts in the United States 
will call for supplies needed in quantities sufficient to last at least three months, 
and those from posts outside of the continental limits of the United States, 
which are not supplied by a depot quartermaster on the station, will call for 
at least six months' supply. Requisitions from ships will be based upon the 
probable duration of the cruise, and will not in any case be for less than a six 
months' supply. 

(3) From ships. — On foreign stations, requisitions from ships shall be sent 
through the commanding officer of the vessel to the fleet marine officer, by 
whom, after examination and approval, they will be forwarded to destination 
through the proper channels. In the absence of the flagship, when the needs 
of the men will not admit of delay, requisitions may be forwarded direct 
through the commanding officer of the vessel. 

Sukplus on Hand 

15-4 

■ 

Commanding officers, or noncommissioned officers in charge, of ships' marine 
detachments having on hand a supply of „ stores in excess of requirements, 
shall forward a list of such stores to the fleet marine officer, stating their 
condition, and, in the case of clothing, sizes. Accountable officers having a 
surplus on hand may, with the commanding officer's approval, invoice to other 
accountable officers articles necessary for immediate use. 

Emergency Purchases 

15-5 

(1) If by wreck of vessel, destruction by fire, or other reasons, it becomes 
necessary to procure uniform clothing for the marine detachment of a vessel, 
or a detachment serving on shore, and it is impracticable to procure it in time 
to meet the need from a depot quartermaster, or from another post or vessel, 
the officer or noncommissioned officer in charge of the detachment may pur- 
•chase, under emergency, for immediate use, such clothing as may be absolutely 
necessary for the health and comfort of the men, but such purchase will not 
be made without the approval of the commanding officer. The clothing so 
purchased must conform as nearly as possible to the regulation uniforms, and 
shall be issued to the men at the price of like articles of regular Marine Corps 
issue. A list of the clothing so purchased, showing the cost of each item, and 
the names of the men for whom required, shall be forwarded to the Quarter- 
master. The officer or noncommissioned officer making the purchase shall 

(15-2) 



CLOTHING AND CLOTHING ALLOWANCE 15~7 

render proper vouchers to the nearest disbursing officer of the Quartermaster's 
Department, or supply officer of the Navy, for payment. Supply officers of the 
Navy are authorized to make such payments and charge them to the appro- 
priation " General expenses, Marine Corps." 

(2) Clothing procured from the Army shall be issued at the price of like 
articles of regular Marine Corps issue. 

Issues 

15-6 

(1) Oldesi articles first. — All persons charged with the issue of clothing and 
other Marine Corps property shall issue the articles longest on hand first. 
Under no circumstances will new clothing be issued when that of older manu- 
facture can be supplied in the sizes required. 

(2) Frequency.- — Enlisted men needing clothing shall be required to draw it 
on the day and at the time set for issue to the organization to which they 
belong, which will not be oftener than once a month, and no issues will be 
made at any other time, except in cases of emergency. 

(3) To troops ordered to expeditionary duty. — No issues of clothing will be 
made after the receipt of orders for and prior to the departure of an expedition- 
ary force, unless such issues are absolutely necessary. If any such issues are 
made, they must be entered immediately in the clothing records of the men con- 
cerned. 

(4) Witnessing. — All issues of clothing shall be witnessed by a commissioned 
officer other than the commanding officer or the issuing officer, when one is 
available (such availability to be determined by the commanding officer) ; 
when one is not available, the issue will be witnessed by the issuing officer. 
Where a noncommissioned officer is in charge, issues shall be witnessed by a 
noncommissioned officer other than the one in charge. The witnessing officer 
or noncommissioned officer shall attest each issue, as it is made, by affixing 
his signature to the issue slip. 

(5) To be charged as made. — The value of clothing issued to an enlisted man, 
except authorized gratuitous issues, shall be charged against his clothing ac- 
count immediately after the issue is made and recorded on the check sheet. 

Individual Requisitions 
15-7 

(1) An enlisted man who requires clothing shall enter on a requisition slip 
the articles and sizes required and submit it to his company or detachment 
commander for visa in time to have it completed and turned in to the issuing 
officer at least two days prior to issue day. The company or detachment com- 
mander shall examine very carefully the requisition slips submitted to him for 
visa, strike off excessive or unnecessary articles, and require the men to enter 

(15-3) 



15-7 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

thereon all necessary articles. Men shall be required to draw sufficient cloth 
ing at a time to meet their requirements for a reasonable length of time, in 
order to reduce the bulk of clothing records and avoid the unnecessary ex- 
penditure of time, labor, and blank forms caused by numerous small issues. 

(2) A separate issue slip is required for each issue of clothing to an indi- 
vidual. It will be prepared in triplicate by the use of carbon paper and an 
indelible pencil. The original and duplicate will be used by the issuing officer 
as subvouchers to the abstract of clothing issued. The triplicate will be given 
to the enlisted man concerned, at the time the issue is made, to be retained 
by him. Both the original and duplicate shall be signed by the enlisted man 
to whom the issue is made, and all three copies shall be signed by the wit- 
nessing officer. Organization commanders may retain for safe-keeping the 
triplicate issue slips pertaining to enlisted men of their organizations. The 
addition of the entries in the money value column on the triplicate should be 
verified and the issuing officer promptly notified of any discrepancy discovered. 
The value of each item (except toilet kits issued to recruits) and the total 
value of all the articles issued must be entered on the issue slip before it is 
signed by the man to whom the issue is made and by the witnessing officer. 
The value of a toilet kit issued to a recruit will not be entered on the issue 
slip, as it is not to be charged against his clothing account. 

(3) Erasures and interlineations made on an issue slip must be initialed 
by the witnessing officer. Those made on clothing records must be initialed by 
the officer in charge of such records. Such erasures and interlineations shall 
be avoided, so far as possible. 

(4) Check sheets. — At the conclusion of the day's issue the articles issued 
shall be checked from the issue slips to the check sheet, and the total of each 
of the articles issued and the aggregate value thereof entered in appropriate 
columns on the sheet, also the total previous issues and the aggregate of each 
of the articles issued to date. The entries in the column headed " Aggregate 
of values of articles issued this date " should be added, and the value of toilet 
kits issued to recruits, if any, deducted from the total. Then add the money 
value totals of the issue slips for the day. If the two sums agree, the work 
is correct ; if they do not agree, an error exists, either in the entries and com- 
putation on the check sheet or those on the issue slips, which must be located 
and corrected. The check sheets shall be kept posted up to date, and in loose- 
leaf binders provided for the purpose. 

(5) Accounting for. — The totals of articles of clothing issued shall be trans- 
ferred monthly to an " Abstract of clothing issued," also whenever the prop- 
erty account is closed. This abstract constitutes the accountable officer's credit 
voucher to his property account, supporting the dropping of the clothing ap- 
pearing thereon from that account. The original abstract, together with the 
original issue slips supporting it (arranged in alphabetical order, irrespective 
of rank), shall be forwarded to the Quartermaster as soon as practicable after 
the end of the period which it covers. The duplicate shall be used as the 
accountable officer's retained copy of the voucher, who will also retain the 
duplicate issue slips. At large posts, where it may be desirable to submit the 

(15-4) 



CLOTHING AND CLOTHING ALLOWANCE 15-9 

abstract of clothing issued oftener than once a month, the accountable officer 
shall submit suitable recommendations to the Quartermaster. Care must be 
taken to have all issues made during the month or part of a month covered 
by the abstract included thereon ; and to avoid including on it any issues made 
after the end of that month or part of month. 

Clothing Allowance 

15-8 

(1) Authority. — Enlisted men of the Marine Corps are entitled to an annual 
allowance of uniform clothing. Any articles drawn in excess of this allow- 
ance shall be charged against their pay, and for articles not drawn they shall 
receive pay according to the annual estimated value thereof, but such amounts 
shall not be paid until discharge from the service. The money allowance for 
clothing is published annually in Marine Corps orders (Marine Corps Price 
List of Clothing, etc.). 

(2) The money value of clothing undrawn due to men extending their en- 
listments will not become payable to them until actual discharge from the 
service. 

15-9 

(1) Period covered. — The clothing allowance begins on the day of entry into 
the service and continues to and including the day of discharge, retirement, 
or death, except as otherwise provided herein. 

(2) Deserters. — Men dropped as deserters are entitled to clothing allowance 
to include the day prior to the date of desertion. 

(3) Men transferred to reserve. — Men transferred to the Marine Corps Reserve 
and assigned to inactive status are entitled to clothing allowance to include 
the day prior to the date on which assignment to inactive status takes effect. 

(4) Men retained in the service beyond the date of expiration of their en- 
listments, if entitled to clothing allowance, shall be given the allowance pre- 
scribed for the last year of enlistment. 

(5) Extended enlistments. — In cases of extension of enlistment clothing allow- 
ance shall be given as follows : For the first three months of an extension 
for one year, the first six months of an extension for two years, and the first 
nine mouths of an extension for three years the daily allowance shall be 
that prescribed for the first year of an enlistment. For the remainder of the 
extension in each case the daily allowance shall be that prescribed for the 
second and succeeding years of an enlistment. If enlistment is extended for 
four years, the allowance shall be the same as that prescribed for an original 
enlistment. 

(6) The allowance prescribed for the first part of an extension of enlistment 
begins on the date the extension takes effect, which is the date following that 
on which the original term of enlistment or a prior extension thereof expires, 
adding thereto the total number of days, if any, required to be made good on 
account of time lost under G. O. 155, Navy Department, also days requested 
to be made up in accordance with the act of May 21, 1928, except in cases 

(15-5) 



15-9 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

of enlistment of minors for the period of minority ; for example, if a man who 
enlisted for 4 years June 2, 1925, extends his enlistment, the extension takes 
effect June 2, 1929 ; but if during his enlistment he lost 5 days under G. O. 155, 
Navy Department, and 10 days for absence or confinement are being served in 
accordance with the act of May 21, 1928, the extension takes effect June 17, 
1929. Inasmuch as time lost by unauthorized absence or confinement is not 
required to be made good, it has no bearing on the date of expiration of enlist- 
ment and does not affect the date from which an extension is effective, unless 
Form N. M. C. 917 is executed, approved, and carried into effect by the com- 
manding officer. (C. M. C. M. 1 and 4.) 

(7) Reservists. — For instructions governing clothing allowance of members 
of the Marine Corps Reserve, and issues of clothing to them, see chapter 13. 

15-10 

(1) Rescinded. (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

(2) In arrest. — When an enlisted man is held in arrest or confinement by the 
civil authorities, or is discharged from the service by reason of his conviction 
of a crime by the civil authorities, his right to clothing allowance is determined 
by the regulations governing his right to pay under such conditions, i. e., if he 
is not entitled to pay, he is not entitled to clothing allowance. An enlisted man 
held by the civil authorities as a witness does not lose his right to clothing al- 
lowance for the period of such detention. 

(3) Detained serving sentence. — An enlisted man held in the service beyond 
the date of expiration of his enlistment to serve sentence of a court-martial is 
not entitled to clothing allowance after his enlistment expires, even if his 
sentence does not involve loss of pay and allowances. When in the case of a 
general court-martial prisoner released from confinement and awaiting dis- 
honorable or bad-conduct discharge his enlistment expires before his discharge 
is effected, he is not entitled to clothing allowance for the period between the 
date of expiration of his enlistment and the date of discharge. 

(4) Returned deserters. — A deserter forfeits all pay and allowances due him 
on the date of desertion. A deserter who surrenders or is apprehended and 
delivered after the date of expiration of his enlistment will not be credited 
with clothing allowance. 

Individual Clothing Records 

15-11 

(1) An individual clothing account shall be opened and kept for each enlisted 
man, using Forms N. M. C. 737, 737a, and 737b for the purpose. It shall be 
known as the " Clothing record " and shall be kept by the accountable officer or 
non-commissioned officer in charge of clothing from whom the organization to 
which the man is attached draws such supplies, except as may be otherwise 
authorized by the Quartermaster. 

(2) When a man joins by enlistment, his name, date of enlistment, and station 
shall be typewritten on the clothing record sheets in triplicate, the original 
(white) and the duplicate (yellow) placed in the binder (Form N\ M. C. 

(15-6) 



CLOTHING AND CLOTHING ALLOWANCE 



15-11 



737) and retained, and the triplicate (green) immediately forwarded to the 
Quartermaster. 

(3) When a man extends his enlistment, there shall be entered on every page 
and on the cover of his clothing record, above his name, the notation "Ex- 
tended (one, two, three, or four years, as the case may be), effective (giving 
date from which the extension is effective)," and to the date of enlistment 
shall be added a notation showing the original term thereof, so that, for 
example, in the case of John D. Brown, who enlisted November 11, 1924, for 
four years, and did not, in accordance with the act of May 21, 1928, request 
permission to make good time lost, and lost no time under G. O. 155, Navy 
Department, and extended his enlistment two years, the heading on the cover 
and every page of his clothing record would read : 

Extended 2 years, effective Nov. 11, 1928. 

Name: Brown, John D. 

Enl. Nov. 11, 1924, for 4 years. (C. M. C. M. 1 and 4.) 

(4) When a man joins from desertion, a clothing record shall be prepared as in 
the case of men joining by enlistment. The fact that he joined from desertion 
and the date of his return to military control (also, if he deserted after 
extending his enlistment, the data called for in the preceding paragraph) 
shall be entered on all three copies of the clothing record slip before the 
triplicate (green) is forwarded to the Quartermaster. If the man's enlistment 
has not expired, he shall be credited with clothing allowance from and includ- 
ing the date of his surrender or return to military control. If his enlistment 
expired before that date, a notation that he is not entitled to clothing allow- 
ance, and the reason therefor, shall be entered on his clothing record and no 
allowance credited. The clothing account balance due the United States 
at the time of desertion will not be debited in the new account, but in cases of 
the removal of the mark of desertion, as having been erroneously entered, the 
clothing account balance due marine at the time of desertion shall be credited 
on the new account upon receipt of authority to do so from the Quartermaster, 
the amount so credited to be that stated in such authority. 

(5) Prisoners restored to duty. — When a general court-martial prisoner whose 
sentence involved loss of allowances, and dishonorable or bad-conduct dis- 
charge, is restored to duty a new clothing record shall be prepared as in 
the case of men joining by enlistment. The date of restoration to duty and, 
if applicable, the data relating to extension of enlistment called for in para- 
graph (3) of this article, shall be entered on the clothing record before the 
triplicate (green) is forwarded to the Quartermaster. If the man's enlist- 
ment has not expired, allowance begins on the date of restoration to duty, 
which is the date of the order remitting the unexecuted portion of his sentence, 
unless otherwise specified in that order. If his enlistment has expired, the 
fact that he is not entitled to clothing allowance, and the reason therefor, shall 
be noted in his clothing record. The certified statement of the prisoner's 
clothing account, as settled by reason of sentence of general court-martial, 
which had been furnished to the officer carrying his pay accounts while serving 
sentence, will be forwarded by that officer to the proper accountably Gllicev 



(15-7) 



15^11 : ' v ^'KMM£^%ffi&&& MANUAL 

upon the prisoner's release from confinement and restoration to duty. If 
that statement shows a balance due marine, such balance shall be entered 
as a credit on the new clothing record. If it shows a balance due the United 
States, such balance shall be disregarded and the words " No balance " entered 
on the new clothing record. 

(6) How kept. — The clothing record shall be kept in duplicate (white and 
yellow), with indelible pencil and carbon paper, and shall be kept posted up 
to date at all times, except that the " Allowance " will be entered just prior to 
settling an account. It will be kept on a debit and credit basis, as illustrated 
on Form N. M. C. 737. 

The debit items are: 

Due United States from last settlement. 

Issues. 

Absence without leave, or over leave (show dates and number of days). 

Absence in hands of civil authorities (show dates and number of days). 

Forfeiture of allowance by sentence of general court-martial involving 
loss of allowances, in cases where the sentence does not involve dis- 
honorable or bad conduct discharge, or where the execution of that 
part of the sentence involving such discharge is held in abeyance (give 
date of approval of sentence). 

Special debits by direction of the Quartermaster (give date and file 
number of Quartermaster's letter directing such debit to be entered). 
The credit items are: 

Due marine from last settlement. 

Credit for undrawn clothing from deserters' roll (give date and file 
number of Quartermaster's letter authorizing it). 

Balance due marine upon settlement of clothing account by reason of 
sentence of general court-martial, in cases covered by paragraph (5) 
of this article. 

Checkages made on pay rolls for clothing issued after the limit of in- 
debtedness has been reached. 

Special credits authorized by the Quartermaster (give date and number 
of authority). 

Allowance for the period covered by the settlement. 

(7) Computation of allowance.— To compute the allowance for a given period, 
multiply the daily allowance by the actual number of days in the period. When 
a man reaches the end of the first year of his enlistment during the period, 
compute the amount due for the actual number of days in the period he is 
serving in the first year of his enlistment at the daily allowance for that year 
of enlistment, and the remainder of the period at the daily allowance for the 
second year of enlistment ; then add the two amounts thus obtained to arrive 
at the total allowance for the period. Similarly, when there is a change of 
the daily rate of allowance during the period by reason of extension of enlist- 
ment, the allowance due for each portion of the period must be computed 



(15-8) 



CLOTHING AND CLOTHING ALLOWANCE 15—12 

separately at the rate applicable thereto, and the results added together to 
arrive at the allowance for the whole period. 

(8) Checkages of clothing allowance on account of absence without leave or 
over leave, time lost under article 554 (2), Navy Regulations, and absence in 
hands of civil authorities, for one connected period of 24 hours or more, shall 
be computed from the date (inclusive) on which the absence begins to the date 
(exclusive) of the return of the man concerned to military control. No check- 
age will be made for disconnected periods of such absences of less than 24 
hours. In cases of men arrested and confined by the civil authorities while 
on furlough, clothing allowance shall be checked from and including the date 
of expiration of the furlough. 

(9) When an enlisted man is absent in hands of civil authorities at the time 
of the semiannual settlement of clothing accounts, awaiting action or trial, 
allowance for the period of such absence will be checked against his clothing 
account. If eventually released without trial, or after trial and acquittal, the 
allowance so checked will be entered as a credit in his clothing account. 

Settlement of Clothing Accounts 

15-12 

(1) When sett/ed. — The clothing accounts of all enlisted men shall be settled 
semiannually, March 31 and September 30, except as may be necessary to 
settle individual accounts for discharge, transfer to the Fleet Marine Corps 
Reserve, retirement, death, desertion, or sentence of general court-martial in- 
volving confinement, with loss of pay and allowances, and dishonorable or 
bad-conduct discharge. 

(2) How sett/ed. — To settle an account, the date it is settled to include shall 
be entered in the first column, the words " All. for period " in the second col- 
umn, and the amount of the allowance in the credit column. A single line will 
then be drawn across the debit and credit columns, under the last entry, both 
columns totaled, and a double line drawn clear across the page, as illustrated 
in the sample printed on Form N. M. C. 737. The "All. for period " will be the 
allowance for the total number of days in the period covered by the settlement, 
without any deductions for absence without leave, or other reasons, as such 
deductions are required to be posted in the clothing record as debits at the 
time the need for making them arises. 

(3) Semiannual settlements. — When the account is settled for the semiannual 
period the date of the ififced^day of the s ucc ee din g period shall be entered in 
the first column, just below the double line, the words " Due U. S." or " Due 
marine," as the case may be, shall be entered in the second column, and the 
amount due shall be entered in the debit column if due the United States, and 
in the credit column if due marine. Upon completion of the semiannual settle- 
ment of all clothing accounts carried by an officer in charge of such accounts, 
the duplicate (yellow) copies shall be detached from the clothing records and 
arranged in alphabetical order, regardless of rank, securely wrapped, and for- 
warded to the Quartermaster. The original (white) account slip shall be 

(15-9) 



15-12 MAEINE CORPS MANUAL 

pasted along its top edge to the inner side of the back cover of the clothing 
record to which it pertains, fresh sheets (white and yellow) placed in the 
folder, and the balance due the United States, or due marine, as the case may 
be, entered on them. 

(4) Final settlement. — When it is necessary to close an account for discharge 
t>r other final settlement while the semiannual settlement of clothing accounts 
is being made, it shall be settled for the entire period from the last previous 
semiannual settlement to the date to include which the final settlement is 
required to be made, and the duplicate (yellow) in cases of settlement for 
discharge, retirement, or transfer to the Fleet Marine Corps Reserve, or the 
entire clothing record in cases of final settlement for other reasons, shall be 
immediately forwarded to the Quartermaster; for example: If in a case of 
that kind a man's account has to be settled on October 5 for discharge by 
reason of expiration of his enlistment on October 20, settle it for the period 
April 1 to October 20, both dates inclusive, regardless of the fact that such 
settlement extends beyond the semiannual settlement period. 

(5) When the clothing account is settled for any other reason than the 
semiannual settlement, the date the account is settled to include shall be 
entered in the first column, just below the double line, the words " Due U. S." 
or " Due marine," as the case may be, shall be entered in the second column, 
and the amount due shall be entered in the debit column if due the United 
States, and in the credit column if due marine. Following those entries the 
reason for settlement of the account shall be stated; for example: "For dis- 
charge (stating reason)"; "For transfer to F. M. C. R. (state date on which 
transfer takes effect)"; "For retirement (state date thereof)"; "Died (show 
date)"; "Deserted (state time and date)"; or " Sentence of G. 0. M. approved 
(state date)." In cases of settlement for discharge as "Undesirable" the 
reason for such discharge will be stated ; for example : " For discharge as un- 
desirable by reason of (stating reason)." The officer or noncommissioned 
officer settling the account shall certify it by affixing his signature thereto, 
immediately following the remarks. Before settling the account as provided 
in this paragraph, it is important that the service-record book of the man 
concerned and every page of his clothing record be carefully examined to 
determine whether all checkages of allowance for absence without leave, time 
lost under article 554 (2)', ls T avy Regulations, and other conditions involving 
loss of clothing allowance, have been properly charged in the debit column. 
If it is found that any such checkages have been omitted, they must be made 
at the daily rate at which they should have been made originally. 

(6) When a clothing account is settled in accordance with the preceding 
paragraph a statement of clothing account showing the balance due the United 
States or due marine, as the case may be, shall be prepared on Form 
N. M. C. 146 and forwarded to the officer keeping the pay account of the man 
concerned, for transmission with Form N. M. C. 90 to the settling paymaster. 
The original of this statement, and all copies thereof, must bear in the lower 
right-hand corner the autograph signature of the officer rendering it. In all 

(15-10) 



CLOTHING AND CLOTHING ALLOWANCE 15-12 

cases involving the preparation of this statement a copy of it must be for- 
warded to the Quartermaster. 

(7) Clothing accounts settled for discharge upon expiration of enlistment 
shall be settled to include the date of expiration of enlistment; those settled 
for discharge for any other reason shall be settled to include the date on 
which they are forwarded ; those settled for retirement shall be settled to 
include the date of retirement; and those settled for transfer to the Fleet 
Marine Corps Reserve shall be: settled to include the date prior to that on 
which the transfer takes effect. Clothing accounts of men whose pay ac- 
counts are carried by naval paymasters, and who are to be discharged for 
any reason, shall be settled to include the date of discharge. In all cases) 
covered by this paragraph the duplicate (yellow) copy of the account shall 
be forwarded to the Quartermaster immediately upon settlement of the ac- 
count, together with a copy of the statement of clothing account (Form N. M. 
C. 146) rendered in the case. 

(8) Clothing accounts settled on account of death shall be settled to in- 
clude the date of death, and those settled on account of desertion shall be 
settled to include the date prior to the date of desertion (the date of deser- 
tion is the date on which the deserter's unauthorized absence began, not the 
date on which he is declared a deserter). In all these cases 1 the entire 
clothing record of the man concerned shall be forwarded to the Quarter- 
master immediately upon settlement of the clothing account, together with a 
copy of the statement of clothing account (Form N. M. C. 146) rendered in the 
case. 

(9) When a man's clothing account is settled for discharge for any reason, 
or for retirement, or for transfer to the Fleet Marine Corps Reserve, his 
clothing record shall be retained at the post until such time as the man is 
actually discharged, retired, or transferred to the Reserve, and shall then be 
forwarded to the Quartermaster, after the additional credits for clothing al- 
lowance, if any, given by the settling paymaster have been entered thereon. 
Notice of such additional credits shall be furnished to the officer keeping the 
clothing account by the commanding officer of the organization or detachment 
to which the man belongs. When an error in the account is discovered upon 
audit in the office of the Quartermaster, and a notice of the correction to be 
made is received from that officer, prompt steps must be taken to prevent an 
overpayment through possible failure of the notice of the error to reach the 
settling paymaster in time to correct it on the final settlement on discharge. 
In all such cases a notation in red ink shall be made on the clothing record, 
before it is forwarded to the Quartermaster, whether or not the correction 
was made on the paymaster's final settlement on discharge (Form N. M. C. 
423), or by collecting the required amount (in case of an overpayment) from 
the man concerned at the time of discharge. 

(10) Collection of checkages. — In case of absence without leave or other event 
involving checkage of clothing allowance occurring between the date a 
man's clothing account is settled for discharge, retirement, or transfer to 
the Fleet Marine Corps Reserve, and the date of discharge or separation from 

(15-11) 



15-12 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

active service, the clothing allowance required to be checked on that account 
shall be collected by the commanding officer before discharge or separation 
from active service is effected, and the amount so collected forwarded to the 
settling paymaster. 

(11) General court-martial prisoners. — (a) When an enlisted man is convicted 
by a general court-mar iial and his sentence as approved involves loss of allow- 
ances and a dishonorable or bad-conduct discharge, his clothing account will be 
settled to include the date prior to that on which the sentence lakes effect. 
and his clothing record, together with a copy of the statement of clothing 
account (N. M. C. 146) rendered in the case, will be forwarded to the Quar- 
termaster. In case the execution of the sentence or that portion of it involving 
loss of allowances and dishonorable or bad-conduct discharge is held in abey- 
ance, or the sentence or that portion of it involving loss of allowances and dis- 
honorable or bad-conduct discharge is remitted, subject to satisfactory conduct 
during confinement, or a specified period of probation, or both, the man's cloth- 
ing account will not be settled, . but will be kept open and treated in the same 
manner as the clothing accounts of men in good standing, and clothing that 
it may be necessary to issue to him will be charged against it. Should his 
conduct during confinement or probation prove unsatisfactory and he be either 
required to serve his sentence or ordered discharged in accordance with the 
terms of his sentence, his clothing account will be settled and the clothing 
allowance which has accrued to his credit daring his confinement serving sen- 
tence will be debited in his clothing account as " forfeited by sentence of 
G. C. M.," but the clothing allowance accruing to a man's credit during his 
probationary service, from and including the date of his restoration to duty 
on probation to and including the date prior to that of the termination thereof, 
will be allowed to stand to his credit. Like procedure will be followed in case 
the man deserts either during his term of confinement or during the probation- 
ary period after his release from confinement. (C. M. C. M. 3.) 

(&) When a marine is sentenced to a term of confinement " and to suffer all the 
accessories of said sentence as prescribed by section 883, Naval Courts and 
Boards," these accessories include loss of allowances only in cases in wdiich the 
marine is also sentenced to a dishonorable or bad-conduct discharge. (See 
note 30 to section 883, Naval Courts and Boards.) Consequently, if such sen- 
tence does include a dishonorable or bad-conduct discharge, and that part of 
the sentence involving such discharge is either remitted or held in abeyance, 
the loss of clothing allowance is also remitted or held in abeyance, auto- 
matically, even though the letter or order promulgating the sentence and the 
mitigation thereof contains no specific reference to allowances. (C. M. C. M. 3.) 



(15-12) 



CLOTHING AND CLOTHING ALLOWANCE 15-13 

(c) In all cases of conviction and sentence of enlisted men by a general court- 
martial, the commanding officer will promptly inform the officer carrying the 
clothing accounts of the men concerned of the terms of the sentence, as approved 
or mitigated, and of any later modification thereof. When a general court- 
martial prisoner whose sentence includes loss of allowances is released from 
confinement and restored to duty, either unconditionally or on probation, the 
officer carrying his clothing account will notify the Quartermaster of the fact, 
giving the date on which the restoration to duty takes effect, and make appro- 
priate entry in the man's clothing account. (C. M. C. M. 3.) 

(12) The clothing accounts of men convicted by a general court-martial who 
are not sentenced to dishonorable or bad-conduct discharge, or whose sentence 
does not involve loss of allowances as distinguished from pay, will not be 
closed as prescribed in the preceding paragraph, but shall be carried open and 
treated in the same manner as the clothing accounts of men in good standing. 

(13) Entry on N. M. C. 90. — When the accounts of an enlisted man are closed 
for settlement on discharge, retirement, or transfer to the Fleet Marine Corps 
Reserve, the credit or debit shown on the statement of clothing account 
(X. M. G. 14(5) shall he entered on the statement closing account for settlement 
(>-.. M. O. 90) ; but when such accounts are closed by reason of death, deser- 
tion, or sentence of general court-martial, the credit or debit shown on the 
statement of clothing account should not be entered on the statement closing 
account for settlement or included in such accounts when extended on pay 
rolls. 

Handling Records on Transfer 

15-13 

(1) When a man is transferred his clothing account shall be carefully 
checked to ascertain whether it is correctly posted up to date, and any errors 
or omissions found corrected. The date of transfer and the post, organization, 
or detachment to which transferred shall be entered on the line following the 
last entry in the account and the clothing record forwarded to the man's new 
station with his staff returns. His account will not be settled unless the date 
of transfer is so near the semiannual settlement that he will not arrive at his 
new station until after that date, in which case the account shall be settled 
before transfer, to include the date of the semiannual settlement, and the 
duplicate (yellow) copy immediately forwarded to the Quartermaster. The 
instructions in this paragraph apply whenever a man is transferred from one 
accountable unit to another, regardless of the fact that both such units may be 
attached to the same post or organization. 



(15-12a) 



CLOTHING AND CLOTHING ALLOWANCE 15-15 

(2) When a large force is ordered on expeditionary service at about the time 
of the semiannual settlement and the accounts have not been settled, they shall 
be forwarded with the troops and settled by their quartermasters, to include 
the date of the semiannual settlement, as soon as practicable after that date. 

Responsibility 

15-14 

(1) Officers keeping clothing accounts. — Officers and noncommissioned officers 
charged with the duty of keeping clothing accounts of enlisted men and certify- 
ing statements thereof (Form N. M. C. 146) to paymasters will be held pe- 
cuniarily responsible for overpayments resulting from errors and omissions in 
such accounts or statements, except those due to noncompliance with the 
requirements of the following paragraph. 

(2) Commanding officers shall promptly notify the proper officer in charge of 
clothing accounts, in writing, of all occurrences and changes affecting the 
clothing accounts of enlisted men under their command and their right to 
clothing allowance. The information so furnished must be accurate and suf- 
ficiently complete to enable that officer to enter on the clothing accounts in- 
volvej the proper debits or credits and other necessary data. When a man 
joins-by 'enlistment, or joins a recruiting office after enlistment there, the 
officer in charge of clothing accounts shall be furnished at once with the man's 
full name, and the datj£ and term of his enlistment. In cases of extension of 
enlistment that officer shall be informed of the term of the extension, the date 
from which it takes effect, and the total number of days, if any lost under 
a rticle 5o4"-{30, Navy Ri^&latio'ns, during the original enlistment and prior 
extension, if any, thereof. When a man joins from desertion, or from inactive 
duty in the Marine Corps Reserve, his full name and date of enlistment and the 
actual date of his return to military control from desertion in the case of a 
deserter, or the date of reporting for active duty in the case of a reservist, 
shall be furnished to that officer. Commanding officers will be held pecuniarily 
responsible for overpayments resulting from failure to comply with the require- 
ments of this paragraph. 

Checkages 

15-15 

(1) For overdrawn clothing. — When the clothing allowance of an enlisted man 
for the year of his enlistment in which he is serving (plus credits from the 
preceding year of his current enlistment) has been exhausted, the amount by 
which the value of clothing issued to him exceeds that allowance, and also the 
value of all subsequent issues during that year, shall be checked against his 
pay on the pay roll for the month in which the issues are made, except as 
provided in the following paragraph: 

(2) In cases of men transferred, no eheckage for clothing issued after the 
limit of indebtedness has been reached will be requested, but the notation 

(15-13) 



15-15 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

" Excessive issues " shall be made on the clothing record to inform the officer 
to whom the record is transferred that the man concerned has drawn clothing 
in excess of the authorized credit and that checkage against his pay should be 
requested. This procedure also applies when clothing records are forwarded 
by the officer in charge of them to another officer, though the men themselves 
are not transferred, as, for example, when the clothing accounts of a company 
are ordered to be transferred from the regimental quartermaster to some other 
officer designated to keep them. It shall be the duty of every officer receiving 
clothin-g records to examine them carefully as soon as received and to make 
immediate request for checkage in the case of all those bearing the notation 
" Excessive issues." 

(3) Of deserters. — Requests for checkage for overdrawn clothing (Form 
N. M. C. 1) will not be made in cases of deserters after the date of desertion. 

(4) When a man is transferred after a request for checkage for overdrawn 
clothing against his pay has been made, but before the checkage can actually 
be made on the pay roll, his name and the entries set opposite it shall be 
struck off the request for checkage (N. M. C. 1) with red ink and the notation 
" Excessive issues " entered in his clothing record. In no case will the amount 
requested to be checked for overdrawn clothing be entered on page 25 of the 
service-record book, under the head of pending checkages, for checkage by the 
new commanding officer of the man concerned. The instructions on the sub- 
ject in the service-record book apply only to clothing lost or destroyed during 
the war-time suspension of the money allowance for clothing. 

(5) Handling of requests for. — The original and duplicate of the request for 
checkages for clothing issued after the limit of indebtedness has been reached 
(N.'M. O. 1) shall be returned by the officer in charge of the pay roll, properly 
certified, to the officer who made the request, as soon as the checkages have 
been actually made on the pay roll, who will immediately forward the original 
to the Quartermaster, and retain the duplicate on file in his office. When the 
checkage requested can not be actually made against a man whose name 
appears on the request for checkages, his name and the entries set opposite it 
shall be struck off the request in red ink and the reasons therefor noted on its 
face before the original and duplicate of the request are returned to the officer 
requesting the checkage. 

(6) Officers in charge of clothing accounts failing to request a checkage for 
issues of clothing after the limit of indebtedness has been reached, and officers 
in charge of pay rolls on whom such request is made neglecting to make the 
checkage requested, will be held pecuniarily responsible for any loss to the 
Government resulting from such failure or neglect. 

(7) For clothing replaced. — When a man loses through neglect, or unlawfully 
disposes of, any article of clothing which renders necessary an issue of cloth- 
ing to replace the article or articles so lost or disposed of, the money value 
of such issue shall be checked against his pay, whether the limit of indebted- 
ness has been reached or not. The commanding officer will determine all points 
involved in such cases and inform the issuing officer of his decision. 

(lfr-14) 



CLOTHING AND CLOTHING ALLOWANCE 15~16 

Issues to Deserters and Prisoners 

15-16 

(1) Deserters. — No article of uniform clothing, other than such as may be 
necessary for their health and comfort, will be issued to enlisted men who sur- 
render or are delivered to Marine Corps authorities as stragglers or deserters 
from the Marine Corps and who are recommended for trial by general court- 
martial. Such men shall be retained in confinement and, if convicted, transferred 
to prison in the clothing worn by them when received into the custody of the 
Marine Corps. Necessary issues of clothing in such cases will be made upon 
the written order of the commanding officer. The commanding officer author- 
izing the issue shall specify in his order the articles to be issued and certify 
that they are necessary for the health and comfort of the prisoner to whom the 
issue is to be made. Such issues shall be made from clothing left by deserters 
and turned in to the officer in charge of clothing, if on hand. If the articles 
required can not be furnished from clothing left by deserters the issue will be 
made from stock and the value of the clothing issued charged against the 
clothing account of the man concerned, provided he is entitled to clothing 
allowance. If he is not entitled to clothing allowance the issuing officer will 
place on the back of the issue slip the following certificate: "I certify that 
the articles of clothing receipted for on this slip were issued by order of (give 
name and rank of commanding officer ordering the issue) letter dated (give 
date of the order) as necessary for the health and comfort of the prisoner 
named hereon, and that such articles are not available for issue from deserters' 
clothing on hand." A certified copy of the order authorizing the issue shall 
be attached to the issue slip and the issue abstracted on a separate abstract, 
headed " Gratuitous issues," together with other gratuitous issues, which will 
be used as a voucher to the property account. 

(2) Prisoners. — Clothing necessary for the health and comfort of marines 
serving sentence of general court-martial involving loss of pay and allowances, 
and dishonorable or bad-conduct discharge, may be issued only on the written 
order of the commanding officer, which must specify the articles to be issued 
and embody a certificate that they are necessary for the health and comfort 
of the prisoners concerned. Such issues are a charge against the appropriation 
" Pay, miscellaneous, Navy." The issuing officer shall enter on the issue slip 
covering the issue a notation reading " This clothing issued by order of (state 
name and rank of the commanding officer ordering the issue), letter dated 
(state date of the order), as necessary for the health and comfort of the 
prisoner named hereon," and forward the original and duplicate, accompanied 
by the order, to the Quartermaster, in order that reimbursement by transfer 
of funds may be effected. The triplicate copy of the issue slip shall be re- 
tained by the issuing officer. Issues made in accordance with this paragraph 
shall be abstracted on a separate abstract, headed " Issues chargeable to appro- 
priation ' Pay, miscellaneous, Navy,' " which will be the voucher to the property 
account supporting the expenditure of the articles so issued. 

(15-15) 



15-16 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

(3) Necessary issues of clothing made to a marine general court-martial 
prisoner whose sentence does not involve loss of pay and allowances, and dis- 
honorable or bad-conduct discharge, will be charged in his clothing account in 
the same manner as if he were not a prisoner. 

Issue of Pajamas to Recruits 

15-17 

Applicants for enlistment received at a recruit depot shall be supplied with 
one suit of pajamas. Upon accomplishment of enlistment, the pajamas so 
issued will be retained by the recruit and charged against his clothing account. 
In case of rejection the pajamas issued to an applicant shall be returned to the 
officer in charge of clothing, laundered, and placed in store for similar subse- 
quent issues. 

Clothing of Deserters and Men Enlisted Fraudulently 

15-18 

(1) Left by deserters. — The post quartermaster, or other accountable officer in 
charge of clothing, shall retain the uniform clothing left by deserters, and 
turned over to him, for loan to applicants for enlistment, under the direction 
of the commanding officer, and for issue to deserters and stragglers recom- 
mended for trial by general court-martial, as prescribed in article 15-16, 
When a surplus of such clothing accumulates a report of the fact shall be 
made to the Quartermaster with a view of having the surplus transferred to 
a recruit depot. 

(2) Of men enlisted fraudulently. — Whenever an enlisted man is convicted of 
fraudulent enlistment and sentenced to be discharged or confined in prison, 
his commanding officer shall secure all clothing issued to him by the Govern- 
ment, before discharging him or transferring him to prison, except such as 
may be absolutely necessary to enable the man to appear decently clad. 
Clothing so collected shall be turned over to the post quartermaster, or officer 
in charge of clothing, who shall take up on his property account, by certificate, 
such articles as are fit for reissue and retain the others for the purposes 
described in the preceding paragraph. ( See art. 3-29. ) 



(15-16) 



CLOTHING AND CLOTHING ALLOWANCE 15-19 

(3) Men discharged upon report of medical survey or by reason of underage 
enlistment. — (a) When an enlisted man is to be discharged upon report of medi- 
cal survey or by reason of underage enlistment, and is indebted to the govern- 
ment for clothing in excess of the amount that can be liquidated by checkage 
against pay due him up to and including the date of his discharge, he will 
be required to turn in serviceable clothing in his possession (other than that 
which it will be necessary for him to wear on discharge to enable him to be 
properly clothed for the season of the year and present a creditable appearance) 
to an extent not exceeding in aggregate value, computed at the current issue 
price of the articles turned in, the amount of his indebtedness for overdrawn 
clothing on discharge over and above the amount liquidated by checkage 
against his pay, and the clothing so turned in will be credited in his clothing 
account on final settlement at the issue price ; for example : 

If upon settlement of his clothing account for discharge it shows $30 due 
the United States, and he will have $10 pay due him up to and including the 
date of discharge, he will be required to turn in serviceable clothing amount- 
ing to $20 at issue price (if he has that much) and his clothing account will 
be credited with $20, which will reduce his indebtedness to the amount that 
can be liquidated by checkage against his pay, i. e., $10. In no case will the 
credit given for clothing turned in exceed the amount due the United States 
minus the amount that can be liquidated by checkage as illustrated in this 
example. 

(&) A certificate showing the articles of clothing turned in and the value 
thereof, computed at the current issue price, will be attached to the copy 
of the statement of clothing account (Form N. M. C. 146) forwarded to the 
Quartermaster. In cases where it is impracticable to have clothing turned 
in exactly equal in value to the amount of indebtedness to be balanced 
thereby, the articles that will amount to the nearest total in excess of the 
required amount will be taken in, but credit given for the required amount 
only ; for example : If the amount required to balance the indebtedness is $20, 
and this amount can not be exactly equaled by any combination of the articles 
of clothing that the man concerned can turn in, but he can turn in articles 
amounting to more than that, he will be required to do so to the least possible 
extent, but will be credited with only $20, even though the clothing so 
turned in amounts to, for instance, $21.69. The clothing turned in will be 
disposed of as provided in paragraph (2) of this article. (C. M. C. M. 2.) 

Gratuitous Issues 

15-19 

(1) Gratuitous issues of clothing shall be limited to buttons, chevrons 
and sleeve insignia of all kinds, service stripes, trouser stripes, fourrageres, 
campaign ribbons and ribbons for decorations (with numerals, crosses, and 
stars when required), special full-dress band uniforms, toilet kits to re- 
cruits on first entering the service, and such other articles as may be author- 

(15-16a) 



CLOTHING AND CLOTHING ALLOWANCE 15-19 

(9) Replacement of clothing lost or destroyed in action. — When articles of cloth- 
ing issued to an enlisted man and charged to him on his clothing allowance 
have been lost, destroyed, or rendered unserviceable (otherwise than by fair 
wear and tear) in action, through no fault on his part, replacement thereof by 
gratuitous issue in the manner provided in paragraph (4) of this article for 
replacement of clothing rendered unserviceable in fighting a fire is authorized. 

(C. M. C. M. 3.) I 

(10) When, in cases other than those covered by paragraphs (4) and (9) 
above, articles of clothing issued to an enlisted man during his current enlist- 
ment and charged to him on his clothing allowance have been lost, destroyed, 
or so damaged as to be unfit for use, through no fault or neglect on his part, a. 
board of survey will be ordered to investigate the circumstances and determine 
what, if any, credit should be allowed the man in his clothing account as a 
reasonable and just reimbursement for the loss sustained, taking into con- 
sideration the length of time the articles lost or rendered unserviceable have 
been in use and their condition, the number of like articles remaining in his 
possession, the length of time (he man concerned has to serve to complete his 
enlistment, and the articles that he will have to draw on account of the loss 
lo enable him to perform his duties. A sworn statement of the man concerned, 
showing the articles lost or rendered unserviceable, their condition, and the 
length of time they have been in use, and an inventory of like articles remain- 
ing in his possession immediately after the loss will be attached to the report 
of the board. In determining the amount of the credit to be recommended to 
coyer the loss, the board will take into consideration only such of the articles 
lost or rendered unserviceable as, together with like articles remaining in the 
claimant's possession immediately after the loss, do not exceed the quantity of 
such articles that it is ordinarily necessary for an enlisted man to have in his pos- 
session for the performance of his military duties and that it will be necessary 
to replace before the expiration of his enlistment. No credit for articles issued 
to him during a previous enlistment will be allowed. The board will submit 
its report in duplicate, which, after appropriate action thereon by the approving 
authority, will be forwarded in all cases to the Quartermaster for final action, 
who after taking such action will forward the duplicate to the officer carrying 
the clothing account of the claimant. That officer will enter in the clothing 
account of the claimant the credit, if any, authorized by the final action of the 
Quartermaster on the report of the board, noting opposite the entry the purpose 
of and the authority therefor. Articles of clothing that it may be necessary to 
issue to the claimant to replace those lost or rendered unserviceable will be 
charged in his clothing account as a regular issue, but should such issues exceed 
the allowance specified in article 15-15 (1), checkage against his pay will be 
held in abeyance pending receipt of notice of the final action of the Quarter- 
master on the report of the board. (C. M. C. M. 3.) 



(15-18a) 



CLOTHING AND CLOTHING ALLOWANCE 15~22 

Destruction of Clothing or Other Property 

15-20 

(1) When clothing or any other Government property is ordered to be 
destroyed and the articles to be destroyed and the quantities thereof are not 
enumerated in the order, a board should be requested to make an inventory 
of the property, except in cases where this is manifestly impracticable, such 
as destruction of property to prevent its capture by an enemy or to prevent 
the spread of a conflagration. Such inventory, in duplicate, duly approved 
and accompanied by certified copies of the order directing the destruction of 
the propery, will be the accountable officer's voucher for expending the articles 
destroyed from his property account. 

(2) Before destroying or abandoning Government property of any kind, 
the responsible officer should always obtain the necessary orders. 

Ponchos and Rubber Articles 

15-21 

(1) Ponchos will not be issued to enlisted men as either a regular or gratui- 
tous issue, but shall be issued for use and accounted for in the same manner 
as prescribed for arms and equipment. 

(2) Rubber coats, hats, and boots will not be issued as either a regular or 
gratuitous issue, but shall be issued, on memorandum receipt, to enlisted 
men only, for use only when actually on duty. These articles shall continue 
to be carried and accounted for on the property account while in use, and 
when no longer serviceable should be brought before a board of survey for 
disposition. A list of other articles of clothing to be issued and accounted for 
in this or similar manner will be published in the annual " Marine Corps 
Price List of Clothing, etc." 

Fit of Clothing 

15-22 

(1) Trying on. — Men drawing clothing shall be required to try on garments 
before taking them, unless they have been in the service a sufficient length of 
time to know, and do know, the sizes of garments they require for a good 
fit. Trying on garments is important. It is the practical and surest way to 
obtain a proper fit. Clothing is supplied to the service in such a variety of 
sizes that alteration of garments should not be necessary, except in rare cases, 
if careful attention is paid to trying on at the time of issue. Alteration of 
uniforms as issued will not be permitted, except upon the authority of the 
commanding marine officer. Issues of garments of a larger size than required 
for a proper fit, for the purpose of alteration, will not be made except in cases 



(15-19) 



15-22 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

where garments of proper size are not on hand and can not be procured in 
time to meet the need. 

(2) Sizes. — Particular attention is called to the various sizes of coats and 
trousers issued to the corps. The conformation of men varies. Some men with 
certain chest measurement require long sleeves and waists, while others re- 
quire short sleeves and waists. Diversity also exists as to hip and seat nieas- 
surements. To provide for this diversity in the conformation of men, "long," 
" medium," and " short " coats and trousers are manufactured. Complaints are 
occasionally made that coats part in front at the bottom. Experience shows 
that in most cases this parting is due to one of two causes— that the men have 
their coats taken in at the hips or seat, or that the coats issued are too small 
over the hips or seat. For illustration, a man may seem to require a No. 2 
" medium " coat ; it is possible that a No. 3 " short " will fit better. Special 
care in this respect shall be observed in the issue of garments. 

(3) Hooks prohibited. — Enlisted men will not be permitted to attach hooks 
below the bottom button of the uniform coat. The field hat shall be worn as 
prescribed in uniform regulations. 

Marking of Clothing 

15-23 

(1) Every article of clothing in possession of enlisted men shall be plainly 
and indelibly marked with the owner's name, using a marking machine, stencil, 
or stamp for the purpose, the letters to be either three-sixteenths or one-quarter 
inch high and similar in style to the following sample : 



J. T. SMITH 






(2) These names shall be marked in black on light-colored material and in 
white on dark-colored material and shall be placed on the several articles as 
follows : 

Caps: Inside the crown. 

Cap covers: Inside the band. 

Coats, dress, coats, service, winter; and overcoats: On lining of right 
sleeve, near the shoulder seam. 

Coats, service, summer: Inside, on right facing, under the pocket. 

Drawers: On the outside of right half waistband. 

Gloves : Inside wrist, parallel to edge. 

Hats : Inside the crown. 

Leggings : On the inside, 1 inch from and parallel to the top. 

Shirts, under : Across center of back, inside, 1 inch below collar. 

Shirts, flannel : On the inside facing, underneath the right pocket. 

Shoes : Inside, near the top. 

Socks : On the leg, near the top. 

Trousers: Inside right waistband. 

(15-20)- 



CLOTHING AND CLOTHING ALLOWANCE 15~24 

(3) Blankets shall be marked with the owner's name in white block letters 
1 inch in height, similar to the standard stencil issued by the Quartermaster's 
Department, on the face of the blanket, in the center of the lower stripe. 

Protection from Moths 

15-24 

Officers and noncommissioned officers in charge of clothing shall procure 
from the depot quartermaster from whom they draw supplies the necessary 
quantity of naphthalene to prevent damage to woolen clothing by moths. 
Woolen clothing must be frequently inspected and particular care taken to 
prevent such damage. 



(15-21) 



CHAPTER 16. 
TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



Sec- 
tions. 



Subject. 



General provisions 

Transportation of officers, enlisted men, and civilian employees.. 

Transportation requests 

Weekly report of transportation requests issued 

Certificates of travel and report of cash for meals, transfers, etc.. 

Routes and classes .._ 

Transfers 

Parlor and sleeping car accommodations 

Transportation via commercial vessels 

Army transport regulations 

Transportation for wives and dependent children 

Kitchen tourist cars 

Street car and ferry tickets 

Toll bridges, ferries, and turnpikes 

Officers traveling under orders involving the payment of mileage 

Transportation of supplies 

Transportation of supplies 

Bills of lading 

Packing 

Loading... 1 - 

Routing... 

Demurrage 

Diversion or reconsignment 

Drayage 

Storage 

Claims against carriers 

Transportation of baggage 

Transportation of animals 

Accounts and voucher forms 

Posts and stations 



Para- 
graphs 
16-1 to 
16-314. 



1-5 

11-28 

31-53 

61-64 

71-78 

81-85 

111-121 

131-140 

151-156 

161-163 

164-170 

171-176 

181 

191 

192-194 

201-262 

201-220 

221-255 

256 

257 

258 

259 

260 

261 

262 

263-270 

271-300 

301-305 

306-308 

314 



90426—24- 



(I) 



CHAPTER 16 



TRANSPORTATION 



Section 1.— GENERAL PROVISIONS 

16-1 

The Quartermaster's Department is charged with furnishing the means of trans- 
portation required in the movement of troops and material of the Marine 
Corps. The following instructions must be observed in procuring transportation 
unless there are special reasons which necessitate deviation therefrom, in 
Which case a full report shall be made immediately to the Quartermaster. 

16-2 

Officer furnishing transportation. — An officer, charged with the duty of furnish- 
ing transportation, should familiarize himself with traffic conditions out of his 
post or station in order that passengers and freight may be forwarded by the 
most economical routes. He should keep advised as to any special rates that 
may be permanently or temporarily in effect from his post or station, and the- 
lines over which tourist cars are operated. This information can be secured 
from the local agent of the carrier. Should additional information be desired 
or should any doubt arise as to the application of rates or any other points 
connected with transportation, advice should be sought from the Quartermaster. 

16-3 

Water lines. — Where water lines can be used, the rates charged by such lines 
are, as a rule, considerably lower than those charged by all-rail carriers, and 
issuing officers stationed at a post that is on, or contiguous to, a seaport should 
ascertain and compare the rates charged by all-rail, rail-and-water, or all-water 
routes, in order that the most economical route may be used. 

16-4 

Liability of vessel owners. — Vessel owners are not liable for losses resulting 
from dangers of the sea, provided the owner of any vessel suffering such loss 
exercised due diligence to make the vessel in all respects seaworthy and prop- 
erly manned, equipped, and supplied. Statutes limiting the liability of vessel 
owners for losses incident to navigation being for the public good, the Govern- 
ment is bound by them although not expressly named therein. 

(16-1) 



16-5 MARTNR CORPS MANUAL 

16-5 

General average.— The doctrine of general average is founded on the principle 
that what is sacrificed for the henelit of all should he made good by the con- 
tribution of all. * * * "I am of the opinion that the Quartermaster's 
Department is acting entirely in accordance with the law and regulations when 
it decides to ship an officer's baggage by sea rather than by rail, and that if, 
due to such shipment by sea, a general average is declared covering the prop- 
erty of the officer, the latter and not the Government is responsible for the 
payment of the contribution." (J. A. G., U. S. Army, Op. January 16, 1907.) 

Section 2.- TRANSPORTATION OF OFFICERS, ENLISTED MEN, AND CIVILIAN 

EMPLOYEES 

16-11 

By whom authorized.— Transportation will be furnished on the order of the 
Major General Commandant or other person authorized to direct the transfer 
of troops and civilian employees, and also upon direct order of the Quarter- 
master. 

16-12 

Article 16-12 (5) 

Add new paragraph: 

"Transportation - Enlisted Man on Furlough - 

"Whefr'e* an enlisted man makes a permanent change of 
station, not as a part of an organization and when 
the change is not for his own convenience, he is 
entitled to transportation at the expense of the 
United States and his right in that respect is not 
affected by the fact that he may be granted a fur- 
lough to be availed of enroute, but his reimburse- 
ment of expenses for transportation not furnished 
by the United States is limited to hie actual ex- 
pense by the route actually traveled not in excess 
of which it would have cost the Government to have 
furnished the transportation in kind by the officii 
route. 11 

This change is necessary to comply with Comptroller 
General ! s Decision A-33298. 



TRANSPOETATION 16-14 

16-12, 

(1) Reimbursement can only be made in such amounts as the Government 
would have paid had the transportation been officially requested, and in view 
of the fact that the Marine Corps is a party to various arrangements — i. e., joint 
military a*ratJgefise»t and equalization agreement — which covers practically 
the entire United States, whereby certain concessions in fares are granted 
by the carriers parties thereto in exchange for transportation requests; 
officers, civilian clerks (entitled to receive actual traveling expenses only), 
and enlisted men should, whenever practicable, be furnished requests for such 
transportation as may be required when traveling on public duty. 

(2) Claims for reimbursement for expenditures from personal funds aris- 
ing from unforeseen conditions will in all cases be supported by individual 
receipts. Such claims will be made on standard voucher Form No. 1034^ 
supported by the original and two certified copies of orders. (C. M. C. M. 4.) 

(3) Commissioned officers, warrant officers, enlisted men, arid-civi lian en r ptoy- 
4>eS of the Marine Corps traveling under competent orders which entitle 
them to transportation, or transportation and subsistence as distinguished 
from mileage, who travel by privately owned conveyance will be entitled, in 
lieu of transportation by the shortest usually traveled route now authorized 
by law to be furnished in kind, to a money allowance at the rate of 3 cents 
per mile for the same distance. Orders must specifically authorize travel 
by personal conveyance. This provision will not apply to any person entitled 
to traveling expenses under the subsistence expense act of 1926. (C. M. 
C. M. 4.) 

(4) Claims by enlisted men for reimbursement authorized in the preceding 
paragraph will be presented on standard voucher Form No. 1034, supported 
by the original and two certified copies of orders, showing the date and hour 
of departure from station and arrival at destination, and the make of auto- 
mobile used in performing the travel, and will be submitted direct to the 
Quartermaster for settlement. The-daim will not include expenditures for 
su hs fe lenue cn -roate./ (See art. 14-96 (e).) (C. M. C. M. 4.) 1% 

^J 16-13 ' 

• 

Traveling on official business. — No person connected with the Marine Corps will 
be furnished with a transportation request unless he is traveling on official 
business, except by order of the Major General Commandant, in which case 
the value thereof will be checked against the account of the person transported 

16-14. 

Transportation furnished upon m u wflfou'j orders to or from duty shall be in- 
dorsed ppon-JMs original orders, and~a—ceTtified TJopy Of such orders must 
4K?e ompa ny the vouchers' for the expenditure. (See art. 16-16.) 

• 

(16-8) 



16~15 MARINE CORPS, MANUAL 

16-15 r 

Beyond continental limits of United States. — Transportation from points beyond 
the continental limits of the United States will be furnished on United States 
Government conveyance whenever practicable, and the officer or enlisted man 
in charge of detachments, or an enlisted man traveling alone, will be directed 
to report upon arrival in the United States for transportation to the ultimate 
destination to a representative of the Quartermaster's Department, or, in the 
event there being no such representative in the immediate vicinity, to the 
commanding officer of such marine barracks as may be nearest to the place of 
debarkation. 

16-16 * 

Foreign stations. — Officers or civilian employees ordered to travel without 
troops to or from foreign stations, whether via Government transport or 
merchant vessel, should apply to an officer of the Quartermaster's Department 
for the necessary transportation for the sea travel involved. Transportation 
so furnished will be indorsed on the officer s ' original orders as prescribed in 
article 16-14, and will show the numbers and date of the transportation 
requests issued therefor. Duplicate certified copies of such orders with all 
indorsements thereon will be forwarded to the paymaster concerned. 

16-17 

Travel of detachments. — Routings desired will be obtained from the Quarter- 
master when there are J!5~or more men in the party. Telegrams advising the 
Quartermaster's Office of contemplated movements should contain the following 
information: Date of movement, destination, number of men (and officers, 
when 15 or more) ; and number and kind of cars other than coaches or sleeping 
cars when required, such as baggage or freight, box, fiat, horse, etc. Special 
standard sleeping or parlor cars will not be furnished for less than 15 officers. 
The necessary number of coaches based on three men to two seats or sleeping 
cars based on two men to a section will be provided in all cases when practi- 
cable. I^^ecs^-otJj^Ui^^^m^f'^v h eii i It Is phipussibl e to s e cure nec ess arg . 
sleeping acc^nHn0a^ojisr^be ^ujirlertnaster^will, upon telegraphic 7 request, 
endeayjorixf a ; rrjinge^for sj^-atlcommodatfons when the number of men war- 
rants the use of a special car. 

16-18* f * 

Enlisted men upon retirement will be furnished the same class of transportation 
to their homes as specified for their grade while in active service. A period of 
one year from date of retirement is fixed as the time during which transporta- 
tion may be furnished to retired enlisted men, but this will not operate to 
prevent consideration by the Major General Commands! nt of meritorious cases. 
An enlisted man upon retirement can not select his residence in a foreign coun- 
try and receive transportation and subsistence thereto. 



(16-4) 



TRANSPORTATION" 16-20 

16-19 - * * 

Enlisted men without funds. — When an enlisted man (straggler or deserter) 
who is absent without leave from his station and is without funds to return 
thereto, or an enlisted man on furlough without funds, reports at anothei 
station, the issuing officer at such station is authorized to furnish necessary 
transportation and subsistence for the return of the enlisted man to his proper 
station. The cost of the transportation and subsistence thus furnished will be 
a proper charge against the pay account of the enlisted man concerned, and 
the necessary steps will be taken to have the checkage made and a report of 
same furnished the Quartermaster on form N. M. C.-698. Full commercial 
tariff fare will be checked for the transportation furnished for a deserter or 
straggler traveling alone or under guard ; for stragglers voluntarily returning 
to their station without guard, and for men reporting from furlough without 
funds. (See art. 18-82.) (C. M. C. M. 1.) 

16-20 ♦ 

Witnesses. — Officers am] enlisted men reporting as witnesses before a civil 
court should receive from the civil authorities the necessary expenses incurred 
in travel and attendance ; neither mileage nor travel allowance will be paid in 
such cases by the Marine Corps. If, however, it is absolutely necessary to 



(16-4a) 



TRANSPORTATION 16-26 

furnish them transportation in kind to enable them to appear as witnesses for 
the Government before a civil court of the United States an account of such 
expenditure, together with the evidence that they were properly subpoenaed 
and did attend the court will be forwarded to the Quartermaster for presenta- 
tion to the Department of Justice. Officers providing such transportation will 
notify the marshal of the court that it was furnished, specifying points between 
which furnished, whether one way or round trip, and that it was furnished to 
enable the witnesses to perform the requisite journeys in obedience to the sum- 
mons. Transportation requests issued under above authority will be indorsed: 
* Payable by Department of Justice." 

16-21 

Civilian employees performing travel under orders. — (See art. 26-72.) 

16-22 * 

Extra-fare trains. — The use of extra-fare trains by officers on recruiting duty 
is not authorized. If for any reason such trains are used, the excess cost must 
be borne by the officer so traveling. 

16-23 * 

Enlisted men of the Marine Corps Reserve, engaged on active duty, are entitled to 
the same class of transportation and sleeping-car accommodations as are en- 
listed men of the Marine Corps of like grades. 

16-24 - * 

Discharged enlisted men entitled to sea travel and reporting within one- year 
from date of discharge to the representative of the Quartermaster's Department 
at port of embarkation, will be furnished the necessary transportation and 
subsistence for the sea travel involved, said transportation to be furnished, 
upon proper identification, on Government vessels in all instances when 
practicable. 

16-25 

Transportation for applicants for enlistment, accepted or rejected, will be fur- 
nished in all cases via the route of travel involving the lowest commercial 
farei, provided the service is satisfactory, as transportation furnished for men of 
this class is not subject to land-grant deductions or the 3 per cent allowance. 
(C. M. C. M. 1.) 

16-26 

(1) Enlisted men under 18 years of age, discharged on the application of either 
of their parents or legal guardian will be furnished transportation in kind, but 
not subsistence, from the place of discharge to the railroad station at or 
nearest to the place of acceptance for enlistment, or to their bona fide homes 



16-26 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

if the distance thereto is not greater than from the place of discharge to the 
place of acceptance for enlistment, but if the distance be greater, they may be 
furnished transportation in kind for a distance equal to that from the place of 
discharge to the place of acceptance for enlistment. Pullman accommodations 
in accordance with existing regulations will be furnished to the proper destina- 
tion under conditions stated herein. (Act of September 22, 1922.) 

(2) The above-mentioned transportation should be recorded in the usual 
manner on the " weekly report of transportation issued " and the notation, 
" discharged man, act of September 22, 1922," entered in the fl Remarks " 
column on such form, also in the lower left-hand corner of all transportation 
requests issued for this class of travel. 

(3) Transportation of men discharged under the provision of paragraph (2), 
is not subject to land-grant deductions^or the 3 per cent allowance ; therefore, 
the route of travel involving the lowest commercial fare must be used in all 
cases, provided the service is satisfactory. 

16-27 

(1) Free baggage allowance. — The following-named articles transported by 
either regular or special trains in connection with troop movements will be in- 
cluded in the free baggage allowance : 

Desks, field (company). 
Desks, field (regimental). 
Dispensaries (battalion). 
Dispensaries ( regimental ) . 
Litters with sling. 
Tools, cobbler's kits. 
Typewriters (properly inclosed), 
(a) The following additional articles will be included in the free baggage 
allowance when transported in special train movements : 

Ranges (installed in car and used in the preparation of food to be con- 
sumed en route). 
Rations (travel, to be consumed en route). 

Where ranges are installed for the above purpose, all labor incident to such 
installation as well as to the removal thereof will be performed by the Gov- 
ernment and in no case will the carrier be requested to perform such service. 

(2) A field range No. 1 may be installed in a baggage or other car as an 
emergency kitchen car equipment. The method of installing this range in a 
baggage car will be as follows : 

(a) Construct a box 6 feet 8 inches long by 24% inches wide and about 12 
inches deep, inside measurements, using iy 2 or 2 inch material if available. 
Line the sides, ends, and top edge of box with galvanized iron or zinc. Place 
box in car running lengthwise on one side of the car, about 2 feet from the 
side. Fill the box with dirt up to about 2 inches of the top. Place a brick 
flush with top of dirt at each of the four corners where the range will set. 



(16-6) 



I B 

3 eleventh lii^ f|Ifj- ae aoi 

'necessary" insert 

3istence expenses, - Jbns L^MB 0® 

fcr necessary #xpeqft3fc sttt 'ni Jbewc.' 
civilian escorts, an-4cf Iliw 
5 upon the submissi no >ilcptrf) 

idard voucher form t < 
3ther with receipts V^ 3r - 

two certified sojPfov^^j- %rfcf 'grcJfcsii-o. 
Llian escorts *ii\xtoJ:£ ... I Y** 

^rding the sub dssi 

>re going chanjB i%£tf tuo yiTJ$o °^ - 
3ions of the jN ?£ii 

'roller Genera: el Mtf 

and to confor ..frA§m)r< erftf" 1 



I 



Article 16-28 

In the eleventh line following the sentence ending with the 

word "necessary" insert the following; 
Subsistence expenses, not to exceed $5.00 per day, and 
other necessary expenses will also he allowed in the case 
of civilian escorts, and reimbursement thereof will be 
made upon the submission of a claim in duplicate on 
standard voucher form 1013 direct to the Quartermaster, 

k together with receipts substantiating the expenditures 
and two certified copies of letter authorizing the travel* 
Civilian escorts will be given the necessary instructions 
regarding the submission of such claims. 

The foregoing change is necessary in order to carry out the 
^provisions of the Act of 26 May, 1928, as interpreted by the 
'Comptroller General in Decision A-24108, dated 19 September, 
1928, and to conform to the Regulations of the Navy Department.. 



8S-8I sloifa 
rstnsa $d* jj-niwellol sail riti 
? iciiwolloi srtt il m yxj 

,3-| .oeeozs o* .aearr9qx9 < 

&tf 03lJB III XQ YTJ38* 

dj 3 io nc .C3aiiacfu8 erf; 

RtcoJ T9ifoix< 

ifo; qoo Jb9iljfc;h 

?oea ©via : tw aJToos 

-.. io noiesjtincfxje 9rf; 



3i>so rti Ti-o^B&or' 


xlo ; 




A 9rfJ 




:9n9i 




lolnoo 



TRANSPORTATION 16~28 

Place range in box, front and oven end close up against end of box, and deep 
enough in box so that when oven door is opened it will lie flat on edge of box. 
Place boiling plate in box, the end resting on top of angle iron on rear of range. 
Place a brick under each front corner of boiling plate, flush with top of dirt. 
The alamo attachment is not used when range No. 1 is installed in the above 
manner. Fasten range and boiling plate firmly to box by means of strap iron, 
or two or three strands of telegraph or telephone wire. Fill space between 
range, boiling plate, and side of box with soft mud to prevent heat from escap- 
ing. Three and even four field ranges may be installed in a car. 

(6) Box can be held firmly in position on floor of car by nailing 2 by 4 inch 
strips around sides and ends of box. This is important and must not be 
neglected. 

(3) Remove one of the top ventilating windows from car; tack tent guards, 
furnished with each range, over the opening, one on the outside of the car and 
one on the inside. Carry stovepipe up and out through the opening. End of 
pipe should extend about 6 inches outside of the ventilator opening. Elbow 
should be placed on end of pipe, facing up, and wired firmly to car. Wire stove- 
pipe, firmly to both sides of car. 

(4) The following additional equipment to that supplied with each range is 
necessary : 

2 galvanized-iron water cans. 1 elbow, stovepipe. 

2 galvanized-iron buckets. 100 feet wire. 

Water cans should be filled on every possible occasion where stops are made. 

16-28 

Escorts for bodies of deceased officers and enlisted men. — Transportation may 
be issued for one escort to accompany the body of an officer or enlisted man to 
the place of burial. * The body will be forwarded on two first-class tickets, and 
in every case the escort will utilize the "corpse escort" ticket in proceeding 
to destination. Officers detailed as escorts will travel in a mileage status. 
Enlisted men will be furnished with all travel allowances provided by regula- 
tions, including subsistence and quarters, while in a detention status. (See 
Table II, art. 14-96.) A relative or friend (not in the naval service) who 
accompanies a body in lieu of a service escort will be provided with transporta- 
tion ("corpse escort" ticket) and Pullman accommodations and with return 
transportation, including Pullman accommodations, when necessary. When the 
body is returned from points outside the continental limits of the United States, 
a relative traveling as escort will be furnished with one first-class passage at 
minimum rate. In the case of cremated remains the escort will be furnished 
transportation in like manner as above except that one ticket only ("corpse 
escort") will be furnished and the receptacle containing the remains actually 
carried by the escort and delivered at authorized destination. (See arts. 3-^ 
and 18-72.) (C. M. C. M. 4.) 



(1G-7) 



1 6-29 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

16-29 - 

General court-martial prisoners, transportation for. — General court-martial pris- 
oners serving sentence involving a term of confinement and a dishonorable or 
bad-conduct discharge, whose pay accounts are carried by a Marine Corps pay- 
master, will, upon discharge in accordance with the terms of their sentence, be 
furnished transportation to their homes or places of enlistment, as the com- 
manding officer may consider to be to their best interests, of the class authorized 
for privates traveling under orders, including necessary sleeping accommoda- 
tions, subsistence, and transfers en route, and will be designated on the trans- 
portation requests covering such transportation and on the weekly report of 
transportation as "Discharged prisoners." Transportation so furnished is 
payable by the Bureau of Supplies and Accounts, is classed as " Nonmilitary," 
and is chargeable to " Fines and forfeitures, Navy." Transportation requests 
in such cases will be marked " To be billed to the Bureau of Supplies and 
Accounts, Navy Department." (0. M. C. M. 1.) 

Section 3. —TRANSPORTATION REQUESTS 

16-31 * 

(1) Issue of books. — Books containing transportation requests will be issued to 
assistant quartermasters, post quartermasters, commanding officers of posts 
where there are no post quartermasters, recruiting officers, and any others who 
may be authorized to procure transportation. Requisitions for supply of 
transportation requests will be made on the Quartermaster. Receipts must 
be given for these books showing the serial numbers of the requests contained 
therein. 

(2) Each officer whose duties require him to perform repeated travel will 
be furnished by the Quartermaster with an identification card (Form 1033) and 
a book containing 25 transportation requests for use in procuring transporta- 
tion required for travel performed by himself. The card has no connection 
with the issue and use of transportation requests for any other purpose. The 
officers to whom the identification card is issued will sign it in the blank 
space provided for the purpose, immediately upon its receipt, and upon being 
relieved will return it to the Quartermaster. The relieving officer will promptly 
request the Quartermaster to furnish him an identification card. Identifica- 
tion cards and small books of transportation requests will be furnished only 
to officers required to perform repeated travel. They will not be furnished to 
medical officers attached to recruiting stations. (C. M. 0. M. 1.) 

16-32 * 

Disposition of, when relieved. — An officer having in his possession transportation 
requests will, upon being relieved, turn over all blank requests to his successor, 
taking receipt in duplicate therefor which will show the blank requests turned 
over and their serial numbers. The original receipt will be forwarded to the 
Quartermaster. 

(16-8) 



TRANSPORTATION 



16-34 



16-33 

Safeguarding transportation requests. — The same care must be exercised in safe- 
guarding transportation requests as would be given to actual cash. Should 
these requests, through loss or theft, get into unauthorized hands and tickets be 
procured thereon, the carrier would be entitled to payment, and it will be in- 
cumbent upon the officer charged with the requests to prove that every precau- 
tion was taken to prevent such loss or theft. 

16-34 * 

Lost or stolen. — If an officer discovers that transportation requests have been 
lost or stolen the local carriers will be notified immediately not to honor same 
if presented, and a detailed report, giving the serial numbers of those 
missing and circumstances attending the loss, will be made at once to the 



(16-8a) 



TRANSPORTATION 16-37 

Quartermaster. If the requests are later recovered, they should be immedi- 
ately canceled and forwarded to the Quartermaster, otherwise difficulties may 
arise if presented for transportation after having been bulletined by the 
carriers. 

16-35 * 

How filled out.— A transportation request should set forth the following on the 
face thereof : Date and place of issue ; time for which it will be valid ; name 
of company required to furnish the transportation ; name of person; or, if a 
party, of the person in charge and the number comprising the party; the 
points between which transportation is to be furnished ; the initial letters of 
each road or line and junction points to be used on the journey ; class and 
character of the transportation to be furnished, and the officer designated to 
settle the account. The proper designation of the traveler as shown in column 
1, article 16-49, should always be inserted in the. space provided therefor 
in the lower left-hand corner of the transportation request. When the travel is 
by commercial steamer, the request should show whether meals, or meals and 
berth, are included. The spaces in the block not used to describe the transporta- 
tion or accommodation required will be stricken out. 

16-36 f 

Where number of men is less than indicated. — If for any reason the number of 
men in a detachment i* found to be less than that shown on the request, or 
transportation varying from that called for is furnished, the person in charge 
will enter a notation on the reverse of the request showing the actual transpor- 
tation, furnished, which should be signed by him ; in such cases the receipt on 
the face of the request will have added thereto the words " except as stated on 
the back hereof." If. while traveling, members of a detachment for any reason 
fail to complete the journey, that fact and the place from which they absented 
themselves should be reported to the conductor of the train with request that 
proper notation be made on the ticket. A report of the circumstances should 
be forwarded to the Quartermaster immediately upon completion of the jour- 
ney. The transportation furnished must not, in any case, be in excess of that 
called for on the face of the request, unless the difference is collected from 
the traveler. In no case will a receipt be given for transportation of more per- 
sons than the request calls for. 

16-37 m 

Status of traveler indicated. — Transportation requests will in all cases show the 
status of persons traveling, which will be stated on the two blank lines at 
the left of the certificate of receipt thereon, and will conform to the designa- 
tions shown in column 1, article 16-49. When issued in connection with the 
transportation of stragglers, deserters, general court-martial prisoners, in- 
sane or invalid marines, and attendants accompanying the remains of deceased 
marines, the rank and name of all persons traveling on such request should 
be shown thereon. 

(16-9) 



16-38 MARINE CORPS MANUAL 

16-38 

Passenger rates. — An officer issuing a transportation request must acquaint 
himself with the passenger rates in effect between the points of contemplated 
travel, and the transportation requested should be specifically and fully de- 
scribed in the spaces provided therefor in the block at the right side of the 
request, using the blank spaces for description of service not specifically indi- 
cated. A request should not be used to obtain transportation or accommodation 
of a class of greater value than first class limited by land or minimum first 
class by water. 

16-39 I 

Restrictions upon issue. — Requests for parlor-car or sleeping-car and other ac- 
commodations not furnished on regular tickets for transportation must be issued 
separately from those for rail transportation. A transportation request will 
not be issued for the purpose of checking baggage only, nor to cover the 
transfer of passengers or baggage between railroad terminals and steamship 
wharves. (See art. 16-114.) 

16-40 

Manifolding upon typewriter. — The books of transportation requests are printed 
with original and memorandum copies so arranged that they will register in the 
proper place by the use of carbon paper, and the memorandum should be filled 
out at the same time as the original and show all the information called for 
above on the original. A typewriter should be used when practicable in filling 
out the requests. 

16-41 r 

Disposition of original and memorandum requests. — The original request will be 
turned over to the traveler or person in charge of the party. The memorandum 
request will be detached by the issuing officer and mailed at the close of the 
day, together with all other memorandum requests issued during the day, to 
the Quartermaster. Stubs of u^ed transportation request books should be 
retained by the issuing officer for a period of six months and then forwarded to 
the Quartermaster for proper disposition. 

16-42 * 

Erasures or alterations. — As the form of request approved by the Comptroller 
General provides under general instructions to carriers that no service should 
be furnished upon any request that shows any erasure or alteration whatever, 
no portion of a request above the signature of the issuing officer will be 
changed in any particular; therefore, under no circumstances whatever should 
the valid date, points between which transportation is to be furnished, class 
of transportation, and number of persons traveling show any erasure or altera- 
tion whatever. Initialed erasures or alterations are not permissible. If 
explanations are necessary, they will be made on the back of the request. 
Every person receiving a request should be cautioned not to make any change 
thereon. 

(16-10) 



Article 18-44 



lete the entire Article and substitute the following: 

Bound trip transportation - When transportation to any 
Igiven point and return is required the issuing officer 
will issue one request, drawn for a round trip ticket, 
3y calling for round trip transportation, even though 
there may be no round trip fares in affect to the 
actual destination, the Government in many cases re- 
eives the benefit of round trip fares in effect to 
earby points. The round trip tickets are sold for a 
imited period, the shorter the period the lower the 
are, and the request should call for the specific 
ound trip ticket desired, such as "week-end ticket", 
30 day ticket", or "all-year tourist ticket". 

above change is necessary due to the fact that the 
sent Article is obsolete, and does not give the proper 
ormation. 



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TRANSPORTATION 16~48 

16-43 * 

Canceled requests. — When necessary to cancel a request because of an error 
in its preparation or other cause, it should be marked " canceled " across its 
face and forwarded ' to the Quartermaster. All canceled requests will be 
shown On the weekly report of transportation in their numerical order. 

16-44 

I 

Return trips.— When transportation to any given point and return is required 

(he issuing officer will issue two sets of requests, one to place of destination 
and the other for return transportation, except in cases where round-trip 
tickets can be obtained and made available for the journey. 

16-45 « 

Excess cost for delay en route and via circuitous routes. — When delay en route 
is authorized for an enlisted man's own convenience, the excess cost of transpor- 
tation, if any, will be charged against and collected from the enlisted man be- 
fore transportation is issued. When transportation is furnished, via circuitous 
routes for an enlisted man's convenience, or when the cost with authorized 
stop-over privileges, via direct routes is in excess of the limited ticket, via 
direct routes, the excess will likewise be collected from the enlisted man before 
transportation is issued ; the amount of excess cost collected will be remitted to 
the disbursing assistant quartermaster, XJ. S. M. C, Headquarters, Marine 
Corps, Washington, D. C. 

16-46 . 

Lost ticket. — Where the passenger has lost the ticket issued on a transporta- 
tion request no refund ca